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FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page 1
THIS MANUAL IS ONLY FOR USE WITH MICROSOFT FLIGHT SI MULATOR ONLY. THIS DOCUMEN TATION

THIS MANUAL IS ONLY FOR USE WITH MICROSOFT FLIGHT SIMULATOR ONLY. THIS DOCUMENTATION IS NOT DESIGNED FOR REAL WORD USE!

Flight Factory-Simulations’ website can be found at:

http://www.flightfactory-simulations.com

Copyright © 2006 Flight Factory-Simulations LLC

This manual and all of its contents, pages, text and graphics are protected under copyright laws of the United States of America and international treaties. Duplication of this manual is prohibited.

Microsoft, the Microsoft Logo and Microsoft Flight Simulator are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation.

Introduction Introduction Flight Factory-Simulations is pleased that you have chosen to purchase our software. We

Introduction

Introduction

Flight Factory-Simulations is pleased that you have chosen to purchase our software. We have put in a lot of time and effort into this Saab 340 project. Countless hours of modeling, creating graphics, and hours of gauge programming have allowed us to bring you this well sought after product. We would like to take this moment to say thank you for your support. We hope you enjoy the product, and look forward to creating more add- on aircraft for you in the coming years.

Kathryn Payne

-President-

Registering Your Saab 340 Product

In order for the Saab gauges to display and function, you will need to register your software package using the LCM tool. To register your gauges, open the LCM (shortcut located on your desktop). Click on the Gauge Settings tab (shown in the image below).

Click on the Gauge Settings tab (shown in the image below). The Gauge Settings Tab When

The Gauge Settings Tab

When you click the tab, you will get a screen like the one shown in the image above. To register the gauges, you will need information from your FFS account. You will find the product registration information above your download link for the Saab 340 package and or in the email that you received from Flight Factory-Simulations when you made your purchase. You will want to enter the Buyers Name in the first field marked “Buyers Name”. Next, enter the Buyers Email address. Finally, enter the Registration Code. Your registration code will not use the letter O. If you see a 0, this is a zero. If you would like to copy and paste any of the information from the web, make sure after you paste the data that there are no leading or trailing spaces in each of the fields. If spaces are left in the field, this would cause registration failures to occur.

When you have entered the information, click on the Register button. This will make the attempt to register your product. ** NO CONNECTION TO THE INTERNET IS REQUIRED. ** If the registration is successful, you will get a dialog telling you thank you for registering. If the registration fails, you will see a dialog telling you that registration failed. If you have successfully registered, your registration area will look like this:

Introduction If you need any support with registering your Saab 340 Package, please do one

Introduction

Introduction If you need any support with registering your Saab 340 Package, please do one of

If you need any support with registering your Saab 340 Package, please do one of the following:

- Create a Support Ticket via the FFS web site.

- Visit our support forum at:

http://forums.avsim.net/dcboard.php?az=show_topics&forum=246

Or at our general questions forum at:

http://www.flightfactory-simulations.com/discussion.

Revision History

On occasion we may issue free updates to the aircraft and / or operating handbook and we encourage all customers to download these updates. This handbook will be continually updated to cover additional areas and add in-depth information to existing aircraft systems. You can download the latest version of the handbook and any updates by visiting the Flight Factory-Simulations website at http://www.flightfactory-simulations.com/

REVISION NUMBER DESCRIPTION DATE 1.0 Original version Sept 2006
REVISION NUMBER
DESCRIPTION
DATE
1.0
Original version
Sept 2006
Table of Contents Table Of Contents Introduction 3 Revision History 4 Table of Contents 5

Table of Contents

Table Of Contents

Introduction

3

Revision History

4

Table of Contents

5

Overview

9

Development Team

10

Beta Team & Test Pilots

11

The Aircraft

12

Conventions

26

Instrument Diagrams

29

Instrument Panel Reference

32

Available Panels and Keyboard Shortcuts

32

Available Views and the Panel Switching Icons

32

Pilot In Command IFR View

34

Pilot In Command VFR view

35

First Officers IFR View

36

First Officers VFR View

37

Pilot In Command IFR View Hotspots

38

Pilot In Command VFR Hotspots

39

First Officers IFR View Hotspots

40

First Officers VFR View Hotspots

41

Forward Overhead Panel

42

Rear Overhead Panel

43

Forward Center Pedestal

44

Rear Center Pedestal

45

Radio Stack Panel

46

Basic Flight Instruments

47

Pilot In Command Airspeed Indicator

50

First Officers Airspeed Indicator

51

Pilot In Command Altimeter

52

First Officers Altimeter

53

Standby Indicated Airspeed Indicator

54

Standby Altimeter

54

Standby Attitude Director Indicator

55

Engines and Engine Instruments

56

Torque Indicator

56

Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT) Indicator

56

Engine RPM Indicator

57

Engine Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator

57

Propeller RPM Indicator

58

Propeller Gearbox Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator

58

CTOT Control Panel

59

Table Of Contents Propeller Control Panel 60 Engine Start Panel 61 Throttle Quadrant 62 Engine

Table Of Contents

Propeller Control Panel

60

Engine Start Panel

61

Throttle Quadrant

62

Engine Start Procedures

63

Fuel System and Instruments

64

Fuel Flow Indicator

65

Fuel Quantity Indicator

65

Battery and Fuel Temperature Panel

66

Fuel Used Indicator

67

Fuel Control Panel

68

Communication Equipment

70

COM Control Unit

70

ATC Transponder Control Unit

71

Audio Control Panel

72

Autopilot System

73

Autopilot Control Panel

76

Autopilot Mode Select Panel

77

Navigation Source Selectors

77

Altitude Preselector Alerter

78

EADI Autopilot Displays

80

Miscellaneous Instruments and Controls

81

Landing Gear Control Panel

81

Flap Position Indicator

82

Trim Indicator

82

Trim Switches

83

Chronometer

84

Ground Status Panel

85

Navigation Instruments

86

ADF

86

ADF Control Unit

86

VOR/ILS

88

NAV Control Unit

88

Radio Magnetic Indicator

90

VOR/ILS Indicator

91

EFIS Navigation Displays

92

Collins EFIS-86

94

EFIS Controls and Indications

95

Drive Transfer Light

95

Navigation Source Selectors

95

Course Heading Panel

96

EFIS Switches

97

Display Control Panel

98

EADI Normal Display

100

EHSI / EADI Composite Mode

102

Table Of Contents EHSI Normal Display – Rose Mode 103 EHSI Rose Display with Second

Table Of Contents

EHSI Normal Display – Rose Mode

103

EHSI Rose Display with Second Course

106

EHSI Sector Display

107

EHSI Sector Display with Second Course

108

EHSI Map Mode Display

109

EHSI Map Mode Display with Second Course

111

EADI Display with Map Mode Selected

111

EHSI Map Mode Display with GPS Selected

112

Multifunction Display

114

MFD NAV Mode Display

116

MFD NAVAID Select Menu

116

MFD NAV Mode Display with Second Course (VOR 1 and VOR 2)

117

MFD NAV Mode Display with LRN (GPS)

117

MFD PAGE Mode

118

TCAS

120

TCAS Control Unit

120

Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator

121

TCAS Showing Other Traffic

122

TCAS Showing Proximate Traffic

122

TCAS Showing Intruder Aircraft

123

TCAS Showing Threat Aircraft

124

Electrical System

125

Sources of Power

125

AC/DC Panel

127

DC

Panel 1

128

DC

Panel 2

129

Lighting System

131

Center Internal Light Panel

132

Left Internal Light Panel

132

Cabin Signs Panel

133

Exterior Light Panel

134

Hydraulic System

135

Hydraulic Control Panel

136

Air Conditioning and Pressurization System

137

Air

Conditioning Panel

138

Air

Conditioning Panel (Pneumatics)

140

Cabin Pressure Control and Indication Panel

142

Emergency Equipment

144

Cargo Fire Extinguisher Panel

144

L/R

Engine Fire Extinguisher Panel

145

Emergency Panel

146

Ice and Rain Protection

147

Ice Protection Panel

148

Engine Anti-Ice Panel

150

Table Of Contents Stabilizer and Wing Anti-Ice Panel 151 Warning Systems 153 Warning Annunciator System

Table Of Contents

Stabilizer and Wing Anti-Ice Panel

151

Warning Systems

153

Warning Annunciator System

153

Master Warning

153

Master Caution

153

Central Warning Panel

154

Takeoff Inhibit

154

Ground Operation

155

Flight Status Panel

157

Central Warning Panel Annunciators

158

Ground Proximity Warning System

161

GPWS Buttonlights

161

GPWS Mode 1 – Excessive Barometric Sink Rate

162

GPWS Mode 2 – Excessive Terrain Closure Rate

163

GPWS Mode 3 – Loss of Altitude After Takeoff

164

GPWS Mode 4A – Inadvertent Proximity to Terrain – Gear Up

165

GPWS Mode 4A – Inadvertent Proximity to Terrain – Gear Down

166

GPWS Mode 5 – Descent Below Glideslope

167

Normal Operating Procedures

168

Pre-start

168

Ready To Start Engines

172

After Engine Start

174

Taxi

175

Line Up

177

Climb

178

Descent

180

Approach

181

Go Around

182

After Landing

183

Engine Shut Down

184

Parking

185

Ground stop

186

Appendix

187

Electrical Buses

187

Abbreviations Used

189

Speedbooks and Power Settings

190

Overview Overview The Saab 340 proved to be a highly popular regional airliner that helped

Overview

Overview

The Saab 340 proved to be a highly popular regional airliner that helped to pioneer the 30 seat turboprop class but slow sales in the late 1990s has forced Saab to cease production.

In 1979 Saab Scania of Sweden and Fairchild in the USA reached an agreement to conduct joint feasibility and development studies on a 30 to 40 seat commuter aircraft. The resulting SF340 design was launched in September 1980 with the aim of capturing 25 to 30 percent of its market. Within the 65/35 Saab Fairchild partnership split Saab was responsible for the fuselage, fin and final assembly, while Fairchild was responsible for the wings, engine nacelles and empennage. The two companies selected the General Electric CT7, which is a commercial development of the T700 which powers Sikorsky's S70 series of military helicopters, to power the regional commuter.

The first of three SF340 prototypes first flew on January 25 1983, while the first production aircraft flew in early March 1984. U.S. and European certification was awarded that June. From November 1 1985 Saab assumed overall responsibility for the SF340 following Fairchild's decision to divest itself of its aircraft divisions. Saab initially retained the SF340 designation but later changed it to 340A.

The first improved development of the Saab 340 was the 340B. More powerful engines improved hot and high performance, while other changes included a greater span tail plane, a higher max takeoff weight and better range. Deliveries began in September 1989.

The last development of the 340 was the 340B Plus (340B Plus was not designed for this package), which introduced changes developed for the larger Saab 2000, including an improved cabin interior. The first 340B Plus was delivered in March 1994. Lack of sales and profitability however forced Saab to cease 340 and 2000 production, with the lines winding up in 1998.

FFS Development Team General Kathryn Payne • President – Flight Factory-Simulations, LLC Mark ‘Gippy’

FFS Development Team

General

Kathryn Payne

President – Flight Factory-Simulations, LLC

Mark ‘Gippy’ Gipson

Gauge and Systems Programming

Documentation

Bryan ‘Kobie’ Payne-Kobal

3D Panel Designer & Renderings

3D Aircraft Modeling

Gauge Bit-mapping

Saab 340 Sounds - GPWS

Documentation – Vector Graphics

Bob ‘Olgit’ Jones

Graphic Artist – Texture Art

Night Lighting Effects

Nick Peterson

Flight Dynamics Engineer

Dmitry Polyankovsky

Saab LCM Designer

Applications Engineer

Steve Abrahart

Documentation

Graphic Artist

Greggory Payne – Project Manager

3D Aircraft Modeler

Documentation

Applications Engineer & Layout

Private Contractor Development Team

Lee Hetherington

Applications Engineer – TCAS

Aaron Swindle – Sky Song Sound Works

Saab 340 Sounds

General Beta Team & Test Pilots Flight Factory-Simulations was lucky to get such an incredible

General

Beta Team & Test Pilots

Flight Factory-Simulations was lucky to get such an incredible beta team for this project. Without the participants during the long beta period, we could not have brought this excellent aircraft package to you. It is often that the beta team never gets credit for the work involved during development. As most beta testers know, the time period can be long. With the amount of time that we ask our beta team members to set aside in helping us “debug” the product, a lot of them have given up other things to help us.

The design staff at FFS would like to thank every single beta tester, new and old. Your hard work and input has helped make one of FS9’s best add-on aircraft. All of cannot thank you enough! We are in debt to all of you. So, without further a due, thank you!

Beta Team Members

Richard ‘Benke’ Bona – Senior Beta Team Member

Swedish Air Force Captain

Adam Szoldatits

Saab 340B Pilot – Chicago Express

Alejandro Irausquin

 

Allen Sindel

 

Basten Heidema

Avid FS Simmer

Bjorn Harlin – Senior Beta Team Member

Fomer Saab 340 Pilot – 8,000+ hours

Carl Hillegeist

 

Clayton Barnes

 

Daniel Debono

 

Don Hogue

 

Don Hudspeth

 

Fred Clausen

 

Freddy Wilhelmsen

 

Gerard Cuomo

 

James Driscoll

Mechanic at Hyannis, MA, Saab Maintenance Manuals

Johan Engvall

F/O for Golden Air with 650 hrs on Saab A and B

Kjell Mathisen

Ground instructor on Dash 8’s and Saab 340’s for SAS Flight Academy

Marek Paul

 

Matthew Markillie

F/O for Colgan Air (U.S. Airways Express)

Michael Andre

 

Tim Westnutt

 
General The Aircraft The FFS Saab 340 Package consists of five differe nt versions. Below

General

The Aircraft

The FFS Saab 340 Package consists of five different versions. Below is a list of the five versions.

The FFS Saab 340 package includes the following variants:

Saab 340A

Saab 340A Cargo

Saab 340B

Saab 340B Argus with Radome

Saab 340B Argus without Radome

For variety, FFS has designed over forty different paint schemes for simmers. Below is a list of some of the liveries available for this add-on.

AIRCRAFT SPECIFICATIONS Sources: http://www.saabaircraft.com Saab 340A Specifications Three View Drawing a 22 ft 11 in

AIRCRAFT SPECIFICATIONS

Sources: http://www.saabaircraft.com

Saab 340A Specifications

Three View Drawing

a

22 ft 11 in

b

64

ft 9 in

c

70

ft 4 in

d

30

ft 4 in

64 ft 9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Maximum

General

9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Maximum take-off weight*

Maximum take-off weight*

28500 lb

12925 kg

Maximum landing weight

27200 lb

12340 kg

Maximum zero fuel weight

25700 lb

11660 kg

Operational empty weight

18800 lb

8530 kg

Maximum payload

6900 lb

3130 kg

Maximum fuel capacity

5690 lb

2580 kg

Maximum cruise speed

271 kt.

Maximum operating altitude

25000 ft

7620 m

Typical fuel flow for first block hour

950 lb

430 kg

Saab 340B Specifications Three View Drawing a 22 ft 11 in b 64 ft 9

Saab 340B Specifications

Three View Drawing

a

22 ft 11 in

b

64

ft 9 in

c

70

ft 4 in

d

30

ft 4 in

64 ft 9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Maximum

General

9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Maximum take-off weight*

Maximum take-off weight*

29000 lb

13155 kg

Maximum landing weight

28500 lb

12930 kg

Maximum zero fuel weight

26500 lb

12020 kg

Operational empty weight

19000 lb

8620 kg

Maximum payload

7500 lb

3400 kg

Maximum fuel capacity

5690 lb

2580 kg

Maximum cruise speed

283 kt.

Maximum operating altitude

25000 ft

7620 m

Typical fuel flow for first block hour

1050 lb

460 kg

Saab 340 Cargo Specifications Three View Drawing a 22 ft 11 in b 64 ft

Saab 340 Cargo Specifications

Three View Drawing

a

22 ft 11 in

b

64

ft 9 in

c

70

ft 4 in

d

30

ft 4 in

64 ft 9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Saab

General

9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Saab 340 Cargo
9 in c 70 ft 4 in d 30 ft 4 in General Saab 340 Cargo

Saab 340 Cargo - Exploded View

Saab 340 Cargo Specifications General Max Cargo Volume 340A Aircraft Specifications 1,270 cu ft Values

Saab 340 Cargo Specifications

General

Max Cargo Volume 340A Aircraft Specifications

1,270 cu ft Values

35.8 m3

Max Cargo Payload Total Cargo Cabin Length

8,500 lbs 43 feet

3,850 kg 13.0 m

Door Dimensions: Cross Section Height

69 inch

1.75 m

Fwd Entry Door (h x w)

63.7 in x 26.8 in

1.62 m x 0.6 m

Aft Cargo Door (h x w)

51 in x 53 in

1.30 m x 1.35 m

Max Pressure Differential

7.0 psi

49.2 kPa

Cargo Hold Classification

Full Class E Certifi

cation

Max Single Item Size (h x w)

51 in x 63 in

1.30 m x 1.62 m

Maximum take-off weight*

28500 lb

12925 kg

Maximum landing weight

27200 lb

12340 kg

Maximum zero fuel weight

25700 lb

11660 kg

Operational empty weight

18800 lb

8530 kg

Maximum payload

6900 lb

3130 kg

Maximum fuel capacity

5690 lb

2580 kg

Maximum cruise speed

271 kt.

Maximum operating altitude

25000 ft

7620 m

Typical fuel flow for first block hour

950 lb

430 kg

IMPORTANT – PLEASE READ THIS SECTION. General This Saab 340 Package was designed with some
IMPORTANT – PLEASE READ THIS SECTION. General This Saab 340 Package was designed with some

IMPORTANT – PLEASE READ THIS SECTION.

General

This Saab 340 Package was designed with some of the latest gauge programming techniques. It is important that you pay close attention to this section as it has important instructions on how to load your Saab aircraft in Microsoft Flight Simulator.

Start up your FS9 application. Create a flight and select the Saab 340 aircraft type of your choice. The important thing to remember here is DO NOT START WITH YOUR FFS SAAB AIRCRAFT IN SPOT VIEW AS THIS WILL CAUSE ANOMILIES THAT OUR GAUGES CANNOT HANDLE. We apologize for this anomaly. However, we have used gauge logic that FS cannot read. Therefore, if you start the Saab aircraft in the spot view, you may notice problems with lighting and other things.

When we are able to figure out why FS9 has this problem, we will create a patch so that users will be able to start the Saab in any window state he or she chooses.

Saab 340A Liveries FFS House Colors Lagun Air Nordic Regional Pacific Coastal Airways General FFS

Saab 340A Liveries

FFS House Colors Lagun Air Nordic Regional Pacific Coastal Airways

General

FFS House Colors Lagun Air Nordic Regional Pacific Coastal Airways General FFS Saab 340 POH version
Air New Zealand Air Aland Danish Air Transport Direct Fly General FFS Saab 340 POH

Air New Zealand Air Aland Danish Air Transport Direct Fly

General

Air New Zealand Air Aland Danish Air Transport Direct Fly General FFS Saab 340 POH version
Provincial Airlines Sky Bahamas Skyways Stockholmsplanet.com General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page 20

Provincial Airlines Sky Bahamas Skyways Stockholmsplanet.com

General

Provincial Airlines Sky Bahamas Skyways Stockholmsplanet.com General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page 20
Swedline United Express US Airways Express New Colors General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

Swedline United Express US Airways Express New Colors

General

Swedline United Express US Airways Express New Colors General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page
Saab 340A Cargo Liveries Adria Cargo Castle Aviation FFS House Colors General FFS Saab 340

Saab 340A Cargo Liveries

Adria Cargo Castle Aviation FFS House Colors

General

Saab 340A Cargo Liveries Adria Cargo Castle Aviation FFS House Colors General FFS Saab 340 POH
General Swedish Air Force Saab 340 Argus and 340B Liveries Swedish Air Force Swedish Air

General

Swedish Air Force Saab 340 Argus and 340B Liveries

Swedish Air Force Swedish Air Force Argus

Force Saab 340 Argus and 340B Liveries Swedish Air Force Swedish Air Force Argus FFS Saab
Saab340B Liveries Aerolitoral Amber Air American Eagle British Airways (Logan Air) General FFS Saab 340

Saab340B Liveries

Aerolitoral Amber Air American Eagle British Airways (Logan Air)

General

Liveries Aerolitoral Amber Air American Eagle British Airways (Logan Air) General FFS Saab 340 POH version
Calm Air Carpatair Chicago Express Colgan Air General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page

Calm Air Carpatair Chicago Express Colgan Air

General

Calm Air Carpatair Chicago Express Colgan Air General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page 25
Continental Connection Dauair FFS House Colors Golden Air General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

Continental Connection Dauair FFS House Colors Golden Air

General

Continental Connection Dauair FFS House Colors Golden Air General FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0 Page
Japan Air Commuter Mac Air Northwest Airlink New Colors Northwest Airlink Old Colors General FFS

Japan Air Commuter Mac Air Northwest Airlink New Colors Northwest Airlink Old Colors

General

Mac Air Northwest Airlink New Colors Northwest Airlink Old Colors General FFS Saab 340 POH version
Pen Air Regional Express (REX) US Airways Express Old Colors Saab House Colors General FFS

Pen Air Regional Express (REX) US Airways Express Old Colors Saab House Colors

General

Regional Express (REX) US Airways Express Old Colors Saab House Colors General FFS Saab 340 POH
Conventions Conventions The conventions used in this manual are used to help educate you on

Conventions

Conventions

The conventions used in this manual are used to help educate you on how to use our Saab 340 Aircraft. Below is an explanation for each of the conventions used in this manual.

We have used images with arrow head lines from red boxes going to important parts of each gauge. Each arrow head line is marked in red and is connected to a red box which contains an object associated with the respective gauge.

We have also used circles, white in color. Inside each white circle is a number. Each number will be associated respectively to a definition for that number, which represents a gauge. Each number is defined in a table just below each image.

Bold fonts will represent new subjects and or sections in this manual.

Instrument Diagrams

The explanations of instruments and panel sections use two different ways of explaining the function of the instrument. This will be explained below using part of the clock description as a simple example.

Adjustment Knob

the clock description as a simple example. Adjustment Knob Elapsed Time Hands Adjustment Knob The text

Elapsed Time Hands

Adjustment Knob The text in here would explain the function of the adjustment knob. The boxed area on the instrument shows where the mouse can be clicked to perform an adjustment, move a switch or press a button. The description would also state if different actions are performed by left or right clicking with the mouse.

Elapsed Time Hands This would describe an non-interactive part of the instrument such as a light or indicator.

Conventions Left or Right (L/R) Some instrument panels have identical lights or switches for left

Conventions

Left or Right (L/R) Some instrument panels have identical lights or switches for left and right sides of the aircraft or left and right electrical buses. In this case only one side is described and the other side will work in the same way.

is described and the other side will work in the same way. Guarded Switches Some switches

Guarded Switches Some switches on the Saab panels are equipped with a guard to stop accidental use. An example is the propeller pump switch shown in the image below.

Propeller Pump

Switch

switch shown in the image below. Propeller Pump Switch To operate this switch you use a

To operate this switch you use a combination of left and right mouse clicks. To open or close the guard the right mouse button is used. Once the guard is open the switch can be operated up or down using the left mouse button.

Information Boxes Some instruments use a different convention to explain what will happen when you press a switch. These are shown using blue boxes, rather than giving the name of the switch or button they simply state what pressing the switch will do. An example is shown below using the MFD.

Course Presentation Adjust range displayed Conventions Enter NAVAID select menu FFS Saab 340 POH version

Course

Presentation

Adjust range

displayed

Course Presentation Adjust range displayed Conventions Enter NAVAID select menu FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

Conventions

Enter NAVAID

select menu

2D Instrument Panel Views Instrument Panel Reference In total we have provided 17 sub-panels and

2D Instrument Panel Views

Instrument Panel Reference

In total we have provided 17 sub-panels and pop-ups. They can be accessed using a combination of keyboard shortcuts, the panel view shortcut icons, by clicking the mouse on a gauge or through the Views menu in Flight Simulator. The following sections of this handbook will explain the operation of all the panels and instruments in details. We suggest that you take the time to familiarize yourself with all the panels and instruments before taking your first flight.

Available Panels and Keyboard Shortcuts

1.

Radio stack Center panel Forward overhead Rear overhead Forward center pedestal Rear center pedestal EFIS control panels (CPT) pop-up Autopilot mode select panel

Shift + 2 Shift + 3 Shift + 4 Shift + 5 Shift + 6 Shift + 7 Shift + 8 Shift + 9

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9. Electronic attitude director indicator (CPT) pop-up (no shortcut)

10. Electronic horizontal situation indicator (CPT) pop-up (no shortcut)

11. Electronic attitude director indicator (FO) pop-up (no shortcut)

12. Electronic horizontal situation indicator (FO) pop-up (no shortcut)

13. Multifunction display pop-up (no shortcut)

14. TCAS pop-up (no shortcut)

15. GPS (no shortcut)

16. EFIS control panels (FO) pop-up (no shortcut)

17. Audio control panel (no shortcut)

Available Views and the Panel Switching Icons

We have provided a total of 4 different views that are suitable for flying the Saab 340. These include a first officers view complete with a full set of independent instruments enabling you to fly as either pilot in command (CPT) or first officer (FO). The pilot in command and first officers views include a choice of an instrument flight rules (IFR) panel or a visual flight rules (VFR) panel.

To switch between pilot in command, first officer, IFR or VFR views the panel view shortcut icons are used. This is a strip of icons found on all the main panels. These icons

2D Instrument Panel Views are used to switch between the main views or also to

2D Instrument Panel Views

are used to switch between the main views or also to display the overhead panels, radio stack and other panel sections.

the overhead panels, radio stack and other panel sections. 1. Switch to pilot in command VFR

1. Switch to pilot in command VFR view

2. Switch to pilot in command IFR view

3. Toggle forward overhead

4. Toggle rear overhead

5. Toggle radio stack

6. Toggle center instrument panel

7. Switch to first officers VFR view

8. Switch to first officer IFR view

9. Toggle forward center pedestal

10. Toggle rear center pedestal

Pilot In Command IFR View 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. GPWS terrain warning and test

Pilot In Command IFR View

2D Instrument Panel Views

Pilot In Command IFR View 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. GPWS terrain warning and test button

1. GPWS terrain warning and test button light

2. Below G/S caution and inhibit button light

3. Push 1 / push 2 indicator light

4. Pilot in command indicated airspeed indicator

5. Chronometer

6. Radio magnetic indicator

7. Standby VOR/ILS indicator

8. Master warning button light

9. Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator

10. Inclinometer

11. Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator

12. Panel view shortcut icons

13. Master caution button light

14. Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light

15. Pilot in command altimeter

16. Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator

17. Autopilot mode select panel

18. Collins EFIS-86 display control panel

19. Standby attitude director indicator

20. Standby indicated airspeed indicator

21. Collins EFIS-86 multifunction display

22. Navigation radio 1

23. Flight status panel

24. Standby altimeter

25. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter

26. Navigation source selection – left

27. Navigation source selection – right

28. Left & right engine torque %

29. Left & right engine ITT ˚ C

30. Left & right engine RPM %

31. Left & right engine oil temperature and pressure

32. Left & right fuel flow PPH x 100

Pilot In Command VFR view 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. GPWS terrain warning and test

Pilot In Command VFR view

2D Instrument Panel Views

Pilot In Command VFR view 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. GPWS terrain warning and test button

1. GPWS terrain warning and test button light

2. Below G/S caution and inhibit button light

3. Push 1 / push 2 indicator light

4. Pilot in command indicated airspeed indicator

5. Panel view shortcut icons

6. Master warning button light

7. Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator

8. Inclinometer

9. Master caution button light

10. Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light

11. Pilot in command altimeter

12. Autopilot mode select panel

13. Collins EFIS-86 display control panel

14. Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator

15. Navigation radio 1

16. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter

17. Navigation source selection – left

18. Navigation source selection – right

19. Left & right engine torque %

20. Left & right engine ITT ˚ C

First Officers IFR View 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter 2.

First Officers IFR View

2D Instrument Panel Views

First Officers IFR View 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter 2. Navigation

1. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter

2. Navigation source selection – left

3. Navigation source selection – right

4. Right engine torque %

5. Right engine ITT ˚ C

6. Right engine RPM %

7. Right engine oil temperature and pressure

8. Right fuel flow PPH x 100

9. Navigation radio 2

10. Central warning panel

11. Left & right engine prop RPM x 100

12. Left & right propeller gearbox oil temperature and pressure

13. Left & right fuel tank levels LBS x 100

14. Autopilot mode select panel

15. Collins EFIS-86 display control panel

16. Landing gear control panel

17. Flap position indicator

18. Takeoff inhibit button light

19. Ground operation button light

20. Trim indicator

21. Master caution button light

22. Push 1 / push 2 indicator light

23. First Officers indicated airspeed indicator

24. Radio magnetic indicator

25. Total fuel used indicator

26. Master warning button light

27. Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator

28. Inclinometer

29. Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator

30. Panel view shortcut icons

31. Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light

32. First officers altimeter

33. Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator

34. Below G/S caution and inhibit button light

35. GPWS terrain warning and test button light

36. Chronometer

First Officers VFR View 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter 2.

First Officers VFR View

2D Instrument Panel Views

First Officers VFR View 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter 2. Navigation

1. Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter

2. Navigation source selection – left

3. Navigation source selection – right

4. Left & right engine torque %

5. Left & right engine ITT ˚ C

6. Navigation radio 2

7. Autopilot mode select panel

8. Collins EFIS-86 display control panel

9. Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator

10. Master caution button light

11. Push 1 / push 2 indicator light

12. First Officers indicated airspeed indicator

13. Master warning button light

14. Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator

15. Inclinometer

16. Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light

17. First officers altimeter

18. Panel view shortcut icons

Pilot In Command IFR View Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle pilot in command

Pilot In Command IFR View Hotspots

2D Instrument Panel Views

Pilot In Command IFR View Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle pilot in command EADI

1. Toggle pilot in command EADI pop-up

2. Toggle pilot in command EHSI pop-up

3. Toggle TCAS pop-up

4. Toggle MFD pop-up

Clicking the mouse on one of the hotspots will bring up the respective pop-up. The pop- up window can be resized or undocked from the panel and moved to a different monitor. While the pop-up is active the respective instrument on the main panel will become inactive, this is to improve performance while a pop-up window is active.

Pilot In Command VFR Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle pilot in command EADI

Pilot In Command VFR Hotspots

2D Instrument Panel Views

Pilot In Command VFR Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle pilot in command EADI pop-up

1. Toggle pilot in command EADI pop-up

2.

Toggle pilot in command EHSI pop-up

First Officers IFR View Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle first officers EADI pop-up

First Officers IFR View Hotspots

2D Instrument Panel Views

First Officers IFR View Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle first officers EADI pop-up 2.

1. Toggle first officers EADI pop-up

2. Toggle first officers EHSI pop-up

3. Toggle TCAS pop-up

First Officers VFR View Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle first officers EHSI pop-up

First Officers VFR View Hotspots

2D Instrument Panel Views

First Officers VFR View Hotspots 2D Instrument Panel Views 1. Toggle first officers EHSI pop-up 2.

1. Toggle first officers EHSI pop-up

2.

Toggle first officers EADI pop-up

Forward Overhead Panel Overhead Panels 1. Engine anti-ice panel 2. Stabilizer & wing anti-ice panel

Forward Overhead Panel

Overhead Panels

Forward Overhead Panel Overhead Panels 1. Engine anti-ice panel 2. Stabilizer & wing anti-ice panel 3.

1. Engine anti-ice panel

2. Stabilizer & wing anti-ice panel

3. Left interior light panel

4. Pilot in command windshield wiper panel

5. Pilot in command EFIS switches

6. Temperature panel

7. Propeller control panel

8. Engine start panel

9. Center internal light panel

10. Exterior light panel

11. AC/DC electrical panel

12. DC electrical panel

13. DC electrical panel

14. Cabin signs panel

15. Panel view shortcut icons

16. Air conditioning panel (pneumatics)

17. Emergency panel

18. Status panel

19. First officers windshield wiper panel

20. First officers EFIS switches

Rear Overhead Panel Overhead Panels 1. Panel view shortcut icons 2. Cargo fire extinguisher panel

Rear Overhead Panel

Overhead Panels

Rear Overhead Panel Overhead Panels 1. Panel view shortcut icons 2. Cargo fire extinguisher panel 3.

1. Panel view shortcut icons

2. Cargo fire extinguisher panel

3. Ice protection panel

4. Test 3 panel (not active)

5. Fuel panel

6. Left engine fire extinguisher panel

7. Test 2 panel (not active)

8. Test 1 panel (not active)

9. Right engine fire extinguisher panel

10. Observers jack panel

11. Air-conditioning panel

Forward Center Pedestal Forward Center Pedestal 1. Hydraulic control panel 2. Cabin pressure control and

Forward Center Pedestal

Forward Center Pedestal

Forward Center Pedestal Forward Center Pedestal 1. Hydraulic control panel 2. Cabin pressure control and indication

1. Hydraulic control panel

2. Cabin pressure control and indication panel

3. Throttle quadrant

Rear Center Pedestal Rear Center Pedestal 1. Collins EFIS-86 course heading panel 2. Weather radar

Rear Center Pedestal

Rear Center Pedestal

Rear Center Pedestal Rear Center Pedestal 1. Collins EFIS-86 course heading panel 2. Weather radar control

1. Collins EFIS-86 course heading panel

2. Weather radar control panel (not active)

3. Autopilot control panel

4. Trim switches

5. ADF 1 control unit

6. ADF 2 control unit

7. CTOT control panel

8. TCAS control unit

9. ATC control unit

10. VHF COM 1 control unit

11. VHF COM 2 control unit

Radio Stack Panel Radio Stack Panel 1. VHF COM 1 control unit 2. NAV 1

Radio Stack Panel

Radio Stack Panel

Radio Stack Panel Radio Stack Panel 1. VHF COM 1 control unit 2. NAV 1 control

1. VHF COM 1 control unit

2. NAV 1 control unit

3. TCAS control unit

4. ADF 1 control unit

5. VHF COM 2 control unit

6. NAV 2 control unit

7. ATC control unit

8. ADF 2 control unit

Basic Flight Instruments Basic Flight Instruments Have you ever wondered what you would do if

Basic Flight Instruments

Basic Flight Instruments

Have you ever wondered what you would do if you were ever to fly into bad weather or lost your horizon reference? How could you control your plane without that visible horizon?

As you already know the safest thing would be to never let this happen. But what would you do if you found yourself in such a situation?

The key here is the introduction of the concept and training in reading and interpreting the basic instruments. With this knowledge, some practice and a cool head, pilots of will become much better and safer.

This may be a good a time to point out that your basic flight instruments will not allow an untrained pilot to safely control an aircraft in flight for long. Actual flight statistics have shown that a pilot untrained in may have only about two and a half minutes to live after proceeding into conditions requiring instrument flight capability.

The basic instruments found on most panels today include the following:

Airspeed Altimeter Slip/Skid Indicator Compass Engine RPM

These are considered the principle "Basic Flight Instruments". Each of these instruments tells something about the others. Most pilots have been taught that flying in marginal VFR/IFR conditions requires an artificial horizon instrument. This is true, but all may not be lost without one.

Consider the following facts:

An airplane will fly straight and level at a given power setting and speed. A proper turn is initiated by banking the wings. A properly rigged, balanced and trimmed airplane tends to continue, at least for a time, flying the maneuver it is in until some outside force changes its course or behavior.

Let's assume you have an artificial horizon that isn’t working. Now think about the above facts for a moment. What basic instrumentation does a pilot have on his panel to reinforce what he sees out the windshield?

For wings level and turns there is the slip/skid indicator and the compass rose.

Basic Flight Instruments For flying at a constant altitude there is the altimeter and the

Basic Flight Instruments

For flying at a constant altitude there is the altimeter and the vertical speed indicator. Well, maybe the airspeed indicator and what about the engine RPM?

Up until now we've been thinking in terms of reinforcing what a pilot sees outside the cockpit. Now let’s think in terms of not being able to see outside the cockpit.

Considering the above three observations or flight facts, a turn without a visual horizon can have serious ramifications. When the airplane is in an unplanned turn, its wing must also be banked (that is not level). Without the horizon this can lead to a more serious attitude. A pilot must learn to understand the airplane is in a turn by noting what these instruments are showing.

Try to visualize what is happening when the compass is recording a changing direction,

the altimeter showing a decreasing altitude reading and the airspeed indicator showing an increasing airspeed. Any two of these instrument readings can give a pilot some clues as

to what may be happening to the aircraft's attitude and flight path.

A third instruments reading helps to nail it down even more. In this situation a pilot

should recognize the plane is in a descending turn and his response should be to smoothly reduce the power to idle.

Next, stop the aircraft's turn by centering the yoke (ailerons) and applying the appropriate rudder. If this does not stop the turn, apply more aileron and rudder.

With the altitude decreasing, slight backpressure on the yoke (elevators) should be added but only after the turn has been stopped. To add a lot of backpressure at this point could trouble the plane's flight condition making it much harder to recover to a normal flight attitude. The airspeed should begin to go down and then stabilize at a safe acceptable speed.

Don't rush to apply more yoke backpressure or add power. Try not to chase the airspeed,

as that will almost always have you behind the airplane and getting more behind with

each cycle. Put in a correction and wait to see what effect it has before making further correctional inputs.

In

some situations, particularly if you find yourself having to descend through a cloud, it

is

better to fly the airplane using the rudder and throttle alone, with very little or no yoke

inputs, making small correctional inputs only while keeping the heading and speed

constant.

Remember too much speed and unleveled attitudes will kill the airplane, your passengers, and you along with it.

Basic Flight Instruments Your best chance of survival may be to mo mentarily take your

Basic Flight Instruments

Your best chance of survival may be to momentarily take your hands off the yoke, cut the power and try to stop the turning with grave rudder use. Once a straightforward dive is established, slowly and smoothly add backpressure to the yoke while monitoring the airspeed throughout the dive recovery. Remember, you really want your wings to stay attached throughout the recovery.

Using the above basic instruments will allow you to operate your Saab aircraft with confidence. The key point to remember here is to practice, practice, and practice. The more comfortable you get with the aircraft and its gauges, the better you will fly it.

Pilot In Command Airspeed Indicator Basic Flight Instruments This electromechanical airspeed indicator is supplied with

Pilot In Command Airspeed Indicator

Basic Flight Instruments

This electromechanical airspeed indicator is supplied with information from the ADC regarding indicated airspeed (IAS) and maximum operating speed (V MO ). The speed information is converted and displayed by two pointers which indicate IAS and V MO against a non-linear scale for maximum accuracy. This airspeed indicator requires electrical power to operate.

This airspeed indicator is provided with a servo driven airspeed reference bug that is used to select speed for the FD/AP when flying in IAS mode. The set value is used to generate a difference between the selected and actual speed. This difference is displayed as a fast- slow deviation indication on the EADI.

V MO Pointer

IAS Bug Knob

indication on the EADI. V M O Pointer IAS Bug Knob Indicated Airspeed Pointer IAS Bug

Indicated Airspeed

Pointer

IAS Bug

V MO Pointer Indicates the current maximum operating speed (V MO ).

IAS Bug Knob Left click to adjust the IAS bug. When IAS mode is selected on the FD/AP the IAS bug will capture the actual IAS. Turn the IAS bug knob to change IAS and the FD/AP will follow. Right click to test the airspeed indicator.

Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots.

IAS Bug Airspeed reference bug.

First Officers Airspeed Indicator Basic Flight Instruments This pneumatic airspeed indicator is connected directly to

First Officers Airspeed Indicator

Basic Flight Instruments

This pneumatic airspeed indicator is connected directly to the pitot and static pressures. It has two pointers indicating IAS and V MO . This airspeed indicator does not require electrical power to operate.

V MO Pointer

not require electrical power to operate. V M O Pointer Indicated Airspeed Pointer V M O

Indicated Airspeed Pointer

V MO Pointer Indicates the current maximum operating speed (V MO ).

Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots.

Pilot In Command Altimeter Basic Flight Instruments The ADC supplies uncorrected altitude to this electromechanical

Pilot In Command Altimeter

Basic Flight Instruments

The ADC supplies uncorrected altitude to this electromechanical altimeter. The altimeter converts this information into a display corrected for barometer pressure. The barometer pressure is set by a baroknob on the instrument. The display shows both a five numerical digital readout and an analogue pointer with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet. This altimeter will follow the barometric setting in Flight Simulator, for example if you press the ‘B’ key to set the correct barometric pressure the setting will change on this altimeter. This altimeter requires electrical power to operate.

Altitude Indication

Test Button

electrical power to operate. Altitude Indication Test Button Baroset Indication Baroset Knob Altitude Indication Shows

Baroset Indication

Baroset Knob

Altitude Indication Shows aircraft altitude using a digital scale and an analogue scale with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet.

Test Button Press to test the altimeter.

Baroset Indication Displays the currently set barometric pressure in inches mercury (IN HG) or millibars (MB).

Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure. Right click to switch the baroset indication between IN HG or MB.

First Officers Altimeter Basic Flight Instruments This pneumatic altimeter is equipped with an aneroid capsule

First Officers Altimeter

Basic Flight Instruments

This pneumatic altimeter is equipped with an aneroid capsule which converts static pressure into a mechanical movement of the counter and pointer. Correction for barometric pressure is set with a baroset knob. The barometric setting on this altimeter is independent of both Flight Simulator and the pilots in command altimeter. This altimeter works solely from static pressure and does not require electrical power to operate.

Altitude Indication

Baroset Knob

cal power to operate. Altitude Indication Baroset Knob Baroset Indication Altitude Indication Shows aircraft

Baroset Indication

Altitude Indication Shows aircraft altitude using a digital scale and an analogue scale with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet.

Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure setting for this altimeter. Both settings for IN HG and MB will be adjusted.

Baroset Indication Displays the currently set barometric pressure in IN HG and (MB).

Standby Indicated Airspeed Indicator Basic Flight Instruments This pneumatic airspeed indicator is connected directly to

Standby Indicated Airspeed Indicator

Basic Flight Instruments

This pneumatic airspeed indicator is connected directly to the pitot and static pressures. It has one pointer indicating IAS. V MO indication is not provided. This airspeed indicator does not require electrical power to operate.

Indicated Airspeed Pointer

electrical power to operate. Indicated Airsp eed Pointer Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft

Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots.

Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots. Standby Altimeter This pneumatic altimeter is equipped with

Standby Altimeter

This pneumatic altimeter is equipped with an aneroid capsule which converts static pressure into a mechanical movement of the counter and pointer. Correction for barometric pressure is set with a baroset knob. The barometric setting on this altimeter is independent of both Flight Simulator, the pilots in command altimeter and the first officers. This altimeter works solely from static pressure and does not require electrical power to operate.

Baroset Knob

does not require electrical power to operate. Baroset Knob Altitude Indication Altitude Indication Shows aircraft

Altitude Indication

Altitude Indication Shows aircraft altitude using a digital scale and an analogue scale with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet.

Basic Flight Instruments Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure setting for this

Basic Flight Instruments

Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure setting for this altimeter.

Standby Attitude Director Indicator

The standby attitude director indicator (ADI) is a self-contained instrument with an internal vertical gyro. Power for this instrument comes from the emergency avionics bus. On starting a flight with a cold aircraft the standby ADI will not be running. After applying power the gyro will run up and the instrument will start to erect. The standby ADI is provided with a pull to erect knob that will make this process much faster.

Bank Angle Scale

Bank Angle Scale Aircraft S ymbol Pitch An gle Scale

Aircraft Symbol

Bank Angle Scale Aircraft S ymbol Pitch An gle Scale

Pitch Angle Scale

Bank Angle Scale Aircraft S ymbol Pitch An gle Scale Bank Angle Scale Scaled with 10

Bank Angle Scale Scaled with 10 ˚ , 20 ˚ , 30 ˚, 40 ˚ , 50 ˚ and 60˚ .

Aircraft Symbol Represents the nose and wings of the aircraft.

Pitch Angle Scale Scaled in 10˚ increments.

Roll Index

Erect knob

Roll Index Displays current aircraft bank against the bank angle scale.

Erect Knob Left click to fast erect the standby ADI after applying power.

Engines and Engine Instruments Engines and Engine Instruments Torque Indicator Shows the torque delivered by

Engines and Engine Instruments

Engines and Engine Instruments

Torque Indicator

Shows the torque delivered by the power turbines to the propeller gearbox. Indicates torque as a percentage of the maximum.

Torque Pointer

Scale
Scale

Torque Pointer Shows current power turbine torque as percentage of maximum.

Scale Reads percentage from 0 to 120.

of maximum. Scale Reads percentage from 0 to 120. Interstage Turbine Temp erature (ITT) Indicator This

Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT) Indicator

This instrument indicates the gas temperature between the gas generator turbine and the power turbine. It contains both analogue and digital indications.

Analogue ITT Indication

Digital ITT Indication

Scale
Scale

Analogue ITT Indication Indicates ITT temperature against the scale in ˚ C.

Digital ITT Indication Indicates ITT temperature with a digital readout in ˚ C.

Scale Reads ˚ C from 0 to 1000.

Engine RPM Indicator Engines and Engine Instruments Indicates the gas generator RPM in percentage of

Engine RPM Indicator

Engines and Engine Instruments

Indicates the gas generator RPM in percentage of maximum rated RPM.

Engine RPM Indicator

Scale
Scale

Engine RPM Indicator Indicates the current gas generator RPM against the scale in % RPM.

Scale Reads percentage from 0 to 110.

the scale in % RPM. Scale Reads percentage from 0 to 110. Engine Oil Pressure and

Engine Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator

Indicates engine lubrication oil pressure and temperature.

Oil Pressure Indicator

Oil Temperature Indicator

Oil Pressure Indicator Oil Temperature Indicator Oil Pressure Indicator Indicates engine lubrication oil

Oil Pressure Indicator Indicates engine lubrication oil pressure in PSI.

Scale - PSI

Scale - ˚C

Oil Temperature Indicator Indicates engine lubrication oil temperature in ˚ C.

Scale – PSI Reads PSI from 0 to 200.

Reads ˚ C from -50 to 150.

Propeller RPM Indicator Engines and Engine Instruments Indicates power turbine RPM reduced to propeller RPM.

Propeller RPM Indicator

Engines and Engine Instruments

Indicates power turbine RPM reduced to propeller RPM.

Propeller RPM Indicator

Scale
Scale

Propeller RPM Indicator Indicates propeller RPM by reducing the power turbine RPM by the propeller gearbox ratio.

Scale Reads RPM from 0 to 1500.

propeller gearbox ratio. Scale Reads RPM from 0 to 1500. Propeller Gearbox Oil Pressure and Temperature

Propeller Gearbox Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator

Indicates the propeller gearbox lubrication oil pressure and temperature.

Oil Pressure Indicator

Oil Temperature Indicator

Oil Pressure Indicator Oil Temperature Indicator Scale - PSI Scale - ˚ C Oil Pressure Indicator

Scale - PSI

Scale - ˚C

Oil Pressure Indicator Indicates propeller gearbox lubrication oil pressure in PSI.

Oil Temperature Indicator Indicates propeller gearbox lubrication oil temperature in ˚ C.

Scale – PSI Reads PSI from 0 to 200.

Reads ˚ C from -50 to 150.

CTOT Control Panel Engines and Engine Instruments The Saab 340 is equipped with a constant

CTOT Control Panel

Engines and Engine Instruments

The Saab 340 is equipped with a constant torque on takeoff (CTOT) system activated through the CTOT panel. The system is armed using the CTOT switch by moving it to the ON or APR position. Once armed the system is activated by moving the power levers past the minimum takeoff power level of 64˚ . Once activated the system will automatically control the engine power to maintain the torque level set using the CTOT knob. The CTOT system includes an automatic power reserve (APR) function. In the event of an engine failure while APR is armed the torque on the good engine will be increased by 7%. In order for the APR function to work the auto coarsen switch must be on. There are two lights in the flight status panel which will come on if the respective power lever is advanced beyond 64˚ and the CTOT switch is set to APR. The CTOT system is unable to set the engine torque below that demanded by the power levers.

CTOT Switch

torque below that demanded by the power levers. CTOT Switch CTOT Switch If the power lever

CTOT Switch If the power lever angle is greater than 64 ˚ .

CTOT Knob

OFF

- Deactivates CTOT/APR.

ON

- Activates CTOT only.

APR

- Activates CTOT and arms the APR system.

CTOT Knob Selector for the desired torque to be set prior to takeoff. If the APR system is triggered the torque on the remaining engine will automatically increase by 7% from this setting. This knob can be used to adjust the power up or down as required when CTOT or APR is engaged.

See the normal operating procedures section of the handbook for more information about CTOT use.

Propeller Control Panel Engines and Engine Instruments The propeller control panel contains the c ontrols

Propeller Control Panel

Engines and Engine Instruments

The propeller control panel contains the controls for the auto coarsen computer and manual feathering of the propellers. The propeller brake system is not active on this version of the Saab 340.

L/R Propeller

Pump Switch

Auto Coarsen

Switch

Saab 340. L/R Propeller Pump Switch Auto Coarsen Switch L/R Propeller Pump Switch Right click to

L/R Propeller Pump Switch Right click to open or close the guard, left click to move the switch. This switch controls the operation of the feather pump and feather solenoid valve.

MAN FEATHER OFF TEST

- The feather pump will run and the propeller will be feathered. - The pump is off. - Used for ground testing of the pitch control system.

If the propeller feather pump is used in flight the AUTO COARSEN switch must be turned to OFF.

Auto Coarsen Switch Controls power to the auto coarsen computer.

Engines and Engine Instruments Engine Start Panel L/R Ignition Switch Start Switch No Bat Start

Engines and Engine Instruments

Engine Start Panel

L/R Ignition

Switch

Start Switch

No Bat Start Light

Panel L/R Ignition Switch Start Switch No Bat Start Light L/R Ignition Switch L/R Chip Detect

L/R Ignition Switch

L/R Chip Detect Light

L/R Oil Bypass Light

L/R Fuel Low Temperature Light

CONT

- Continuous ignition is on.

NORM

- Power to the ignition system is controlled by the engine starting system.

OFF

- Ignition is off allowing dry motoring of the engine.

Start Switch Controls the operation of the engine starter / generator in its function as a starter. Left click to move the switch. The switch is spring loaded to the mid position but will remain engaged for several seconds after being selected to the left or right start position.

No Bat Start Light Comes on at a battery temperature of 57˚ C to indicate that the batteries should not be used to start the engines. You should observe battery temperature limits.

L/R Chip Detect Light Comes on to indicate the presence of magnetic particles in the engine oil system. ENGINE (CWP) light and the MASTER CAUTION will also come on.

L/R Oil Bypass Light Comes on to indicate an impending bypass of the engine oil filter. ENGINE (CWP) light and the MASTER CAUTION will also come on.

L/R Fuel Low Temperature Light

Comes on if the engine fuel temperature becomes too low. ENGINE (CWP) light and the MASTER CAUTION will also come on.

Throttle Quadrant Engines and Engine Instruments The throttle quadrant can be found on the center

Throttle Quadrant

Engines and Engine Instruments

The throttle quadrant can be found on the center pedestal.

L/R Power

Lever

can be found on the center pedestal. L/R Power Lever L/R Condition Lever L/R Power Lever

L/R Condition

Lever

L/R Power Lever The power lever (P/L) serves as the power demand input to the engines. The power levers should not be moved below FLT IDLE when airborne.

L/R Condition Lever The condition levers (C/L) control propeller operation and also serve as fuel shutoff control. The following positions are identified on the quadrant:

FUEL OFF

- Fuel and ignition to the engine is shut off.

FEATHER

- With C/L in this range the propeller is feathered.

START

- Open the fuel shutoff value and allows ignition to come on when the

UNF

starter is activated. - Propeller is un-feathered.

MIN-MAX

- Range for propeller constant speed operation. MIN = 1150 RPM; MAX

T/M

= 1396 RPM. - Not simulated on the FFS Saab due to Flight Simulator turboprop engine limitations.

You can of course use the standard keyboard commands and your joystick to control the power and condition levers.

Engine Start Procedures Engines and Engine Instruments There are two methods for starting the engines

Engine Start Procedures

Engines and Engine Instruments

There are two methods for starting the engines on the Saab 340. The first method is easy, the second is more realistic but requires a few quick panel changes and mouse clicks to get just right!

Direct Start This is the easier method of the two.

To start using the direct start method:

Ensure ignition switch is in the NORM position.

Move condition lever to START.

Select the starter switch to the desired engine.

The engine should start.

Motoring Start. This is the preferred method of starting the engines due to high airflow during initial start and thereby leaner fuel to air ratio and improved fuel burn. This method requires a few quick panel switches.

To start using the motoring start method:

Ensure ignition switch is OFF.

Ensure condition lever is in FUEL OFF.

Click the start switch to the desired engine, it will hold for a few seconds.

Move the respective condition lever to START.

Set the respective ignition switch to NORM.

The engine should start.

Fuel System and Instruments Fuel System and Instruments The Saab 340 stores fuel in two

Fuel System and Instruments

Fuel System and Instruments

The Saab 340 stores fuel in two tanks, referred to as the left and right tank. The maximum usable fuel capacity of each tank is 2845 lb ± 200 lb (1290 kg ± 90 kg ) or approximately 425 US gallons.

Normally the left engine is supplied by the left tank and the right engine by the right tank, but it is also possible to cross feed both engines from either tank.

There is one engine driven main fuel pump on each engine and an electrically driven standby pump in each tank. The standby pump starts automatically by a pressure switch in case of a main pump failure. The standby pumps are also used for supplying the engine with fuel during engine start until the main pump can provide sufficient pressure. The standby pumps are controlled by pilot operated switches on the overhead panel.

Fuel quantity is indicated by two gauges on the center instrument panel. Fuel temperature is indicated on a digital display in the overhead panel.

Fuel System and Instruments Fuel Flow Indicator Indicates fuel flow being delivered to the engine.

Fuel System and Instruments

Fuel Flow Indicator

Indicates fuel flow being delivered to the engine.

Fuel Flow Indicator

Scale
Scale

Fuel Flow Indicator Indicates fuel flow being delivered to the engine.

Scale Reads pounds per hour from 0 to 1000.

to the engine. Scale Reads pounds per hour from 0 to 1000. Fuel Quantity Indicator Indicates

Fuel Quantity Indicator

Indicates the quantity of fuel remaining in the respective left or right fuel tank.

Fuel Quantity Indicator

Scale
Scale

Fuel Quantity Indicator Indicates the fuel quantity in the respective fuel tank.

Scale Reads pounds from 0 to 3000.

Battery and Fuel Temperature Panel Fuel System and Instruments Located on the forward overhead this

Battery and Fuel Temperature Panel

Fuel System and Instruments

Located on the forward overhead this panel displays either battery or fuel temperature as selected by the rotary switch.

Temperature Display

Selector Switch

by the rotary switch. Temperature Disp la y Selector Switch Temperature Display Indicates fuel or battery
by the rotary switch. Temperature Disp la y Selector Switch Temperature Display Indicates fuel or battery
by the rotary switch. Temperature Disp la y Selector Switch Temperature Display Indicates fuel or battery

Temperature Display Indicates fuel or battery temperature as selected by the switch.

Selector Switch

OFF

L

R

FUEL

- No display - Left battery temperature - Right battery temperature - Fuel temperature.

BAT

BAT

Left click to rotate the switch, right click to change the temperature display between ˚C and ˚ F.

Fuel Used Indicator Fuel System and Instruments The fuel used indicator shows the total am

Fuel Used Indicator

Fuel System and Instruments

The fuel used indicator shows the total amount of fuel used in pounds since power was applied to the aircraft or the instrument was reset.

Reset Button

to the aircraft or the instrument was reset. Reset Button Fuel Used Reset Button Left click

Fuel Used

Reset Button Left click to reset the total fuel used display to zero.

Fuel Used Shows total fuel used since reset in pounds.

Fuel Control Panel Fuel System and Instruments The fuel control panel is located on the

Fuel Control Panel

Fuel System and Instruments

The fuel control panel is located on the rear overhead section.

L/R Valve Closed Light

L/R Fuel Filter Light

L/R Main Pump Light

L/R Low Level Light

L/R Standby Pressure

L/R Standby Pump

L/R Low Level Light L/R Standby Pressure L/R Standby Pump L/R Valve Closed Light Comes on

L/R Valve Closed Light Comes on when the fire shutoff valve is closed.

Crossfeed On Light

Crossfeed Valve Switch

Interconnect Valve

Open Light

Interconnect Valve

Switch

L/R Fuel Filter Light Comes on if the fuel filter becomes clogged and fuel is bypassing the filter.

L/R Main Pump Light Comes on if the main pump pressure is low.

L/R Low Level Light Comes on if the fuel quantity in the corresponding tank is below 300 ± 70lb.

L/R Standby Pressure Light Comes on if a standby pump pressurizes the engine feed line, either directly or through crossfeed.

L/R Standby Pump Switch

OFF

- Pump is off.

AUTO

- Pump starts automatically if corresponding main pump pressure is low and condition lever is out of fuel off position.

OVRD

- Override, pump is on.

Right click to open or close the guard, left click to move the switch.

Crossfeed On Light Comes on when the crossfeed valve is open. Fuel System and Instruments

Crossfeed On Light Comes on when the crossfeed valve is open.

Fuel System and Instruments

Crossfeed Valve Switch When set to ON the crossfeed valve will open and the XFEED ON light will come on indicating the valve is open.

Interconnect Valve Open Light Comes on when the interconnect valve is open.

Interconnect Valve Switch When set to OPEN the interconnect valve will open the CONN VLV OPEN light will come on indicating valve is open.

Communication Equipment Communication Equipment There are two identical VHF communication sy stems independent of each

Communication Equipment

Communication Equipment

There are two identical VHF communication systems independent of each other. The frequency range is 118.000 to 136.975 MHz selectable in 25 KHz steps. The control units are located on the center pedestal. Also for convenience we have also grouped together all the units onto one Radio Stack panel that can be displayed using the keyboard shortcut SHIFT + 2.

COM Control Unit

d using the keyboard shortcut SHIFT + 2. COM Control Unit Active Frequency Display Standby Frequency
d using the keyboard shortcut SHIFT + 2. COM Control Unit Active Frequency Display Standby Frequency

Active Frequency

Display

Active Frequency Display Standby Frequency Display

Standby

Frequency Display

Store Button

Active Frequency Display Shows the frequency the radio is currently tuned to.

Standby Frequency Display Shows the standby frequency.

Transfer / Memory Switch When momentarily switched to:

Transfer / Memory Switch

Frequency

Selector

Act Button

XFR

- Standby frequency moves to the upper display and becomes the active

MEM

frequency. - Standby frequency steps through the four pre-programmed frequencies.

Frequency Selector Use a combination of left and right mouse clicks in this area to tune the frequency. It is also possible to adjust the frequency by clicking in the frequency display area.

Act Button Depress this button to switch the standby frequency off. The frequency selector then controls the active frequency display. Depress this button again to return to normal.

Store Button

Communication Equipment After using the transfer / memory switch to select a memory cell the

Communication Equipment

After using the transfer / memory switch to select a memory cell the store button is depressed to switch to program mode. In program mode the frequency selector is used to choose a frequency to be stored. Pressing the store button again will commit the frequency to the memory cell. If there is no activity for three seconds the display will return to normal.

for three seconds the display will return to normal. ATC Transponder Control Unit The Air Traffic

ATC Transponder Control Unit

The Air Traffic Control (ATC) transponder is used to receive and reply to interrogations from ground stations by transmitting information consisting of aircraft identifier (code number) and if selected, the operating altitude of the aircraft. The Saab 340 is fitted with one such system and one control unit.

Ident Code

Display

Function

Selector

one control unit. Ident Code Display Function Selector Ident Code Display Displays the selected ident code.

Ident Code Display Displays the selected ident code.

Function Selector

Code Selector

PRE Button

STBY

- Power applied but prevented from transmitting replies.

ON

- Mode A. Transponder replies with selected code.

ALT

- Mode C. Transponder replies with both selected code and altitude information.

Code Selector Left and right click to select a code in the range 0000-7777. You can also choose a code buy left clicking in the display area.

PRE Button Left click this button to store the current code in memory, right click to recall the stored code.

Audio Control Panel Communication Equipment The audio control panel allows selection of transmission source and

Audio Control Panel

Communication Equipment

The audio control panel allows selection of transmission source and volume control of signals from various audio sources. Due to the limitations of Flight Simulator this panel is only partially simulated. Only COM 1 and COM 2 can be selected for transmission and volume control is limited to on or off on the available channels.

Transmit Select

Buttons

Volume

Controls

channels. Transmit Select Buttons Volume Controls Transmit Select Buttons Use to select to transmit on either

Transmit Select Buttons Use to select to transmit on either COM 1 or COM 2.

Volume Controls Used to control the volume level of signals from NAV 1, NAV 2, MRK (marker), ADF 1 and ADF 2.

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System Autopilot System The flight guidance & autopilot System (FGAS )

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

Autopilot System

The flight guidance & autopilot System (FGAS) consists of a flight control computer (FCC) including the flight Director / autopilot (FD/AP) and the yaw damper (YD). The FCC interfaces with many other aircraft systems including the air data system, navigation radios, EFIS and the altitude preselect / alert system. The FCC functions are controlled by the mode select panel (MSP) and the autopilot control panel. The FCC provides steering command signal for control of the flight path during all the normal phases of flight. The FCC signals are fed to the FD command bars displayed on the EADI and to the control surfaces. The FCC starts in heading and vertical speed modes by default.

FCC starts in heading and vertical speed modes by default. Autopilot Modes The autopilot modes are

Autopilot Modes The autopilot modes are separated into vertical, lateral and combined modes. The available modes are listed below:

Vertical Modes:

VS (Vertical speed)

IAS (Indicated airspeed)

CLIMB (Climb)

ALT (Altitude)

ALTS (Altitude sub mode)

Lateral Modes:

HDG (Heading)

NAV (Navigation)

Combined Modes:

APPR (Approach)

• NAV (Navigation) Combined Modes: • APPR (Approach) Vertical Mode Descriptions VS The FCC gives pitch

Vertical Mode Descriptions

VS The FCC gives pitch attitude commands to maintain the vertical speed existing at the time of mode engagement. A new vertical speed can be selected by the pitch knob on the autopilot control panel in steps of 50 ft. This is the basic vertical mode at power on. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS.

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System IAS The FCC gives pitch attitude commands to ma intain

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

IAS The FCC gives pitch attitude commands to maintain the IAS existing at the time of mode engagement. A new IAS can be selected using the airspeed bug on the pilot in command airspeed indicator. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS. This mode does not use an auto-throttle system. It controls the airspeed by adjusting the pitch of the aircraft.

CLIMB The FCC computes and updates a climb IAS displayed on the EADI. The computed speed is a function of altitude at medium aircraft weight. There are three climb mode settings. They are selectable by cycling the CLIMB mode push button on the MSP. The desired climb setting annunciated on the EFIS, ‘H’, ‘M’ and ‘L’ respectively, is related to their effect on IAS (high, medium and low IAS). Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS.

ALT FCC holds the altitude existing at the time of engagement. A flight advisory IAS for long range cruise will be displayed on the EADI when ALT mode is in track. The displayed speed is a function of altitude at medium aircraft weight. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS.

ALTS When approaching the altitude selected on the APA the FCC will command a capture profile and holding of the selected altitude. The ALTS submode is always armed for capture of the altitude selected on the APA. Once engaged the ALTS submode clears any other vertical mode except GS CAPTURE. It is not possible to select any other vertical mode until a new altitude is selected on the APA. A flight advisory IAS for long range cruise will be displayed on the EADI when ALTS mode is in track.

will be displayed on the EADI when ALTS mode is in track. Lateral Mode Descriptions HDG

Lateral Mode Descriptions

HDG The FCC gives commands to turn and hold the heading indicated by the heading bug on the EHSI. The heading bug can be manually moved either by the HDG knob on the course heading panel or by the TURN knob on the autopilot control panel. This is the basic lateral mode at power on. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected lateral mode.

NAV The FCC commands capture and tracking of the course defined by the active navigational data displayed on the EFIS (VOR, LOC, BC or GPS). The mode is armed by pushing the

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System NAV mode button. The FCC automatically reverts to HDG mode

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

NAV mode button. The FCC automatically reverts to HDG mode and the desired intercept heading can be selected on the heading bug. The mode is engaged at the capture point and NAV CAPTURE is displayed on the EADI. This mode is cleared by selecting HDG or APPR modes.

EADI. This mode is cleared by selecting HDG or APPR modes. Combined Modes APPR The FCC

Combined Modes

APPR The FCC functions in principle the same as in NAV mode but commands are also given for vertical capture and tracking if an ILS GS signal is available. The mode is armed by pushing the APPR button. The FCC reverts to HDG mode and the desired intercept heading can be selected on the heading bug. The mode is engaged at the capture point and the LOC/VOR CAPTURE and GS CAPTURE information is displayed on the EADI. In this mode the FD display can not be removed by pushing the FD buttons on the display control panel.

can not be re moved by pushing the FD buttons on the display control panel. FFS
Flight Guidance & Autopilot System Autopilot Control Panel Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel Turn Knob

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

Autopilot Control Panel

Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel

System Autopilot Control Panel Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel YD Engage

Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel

YD Engage

Lever

AP Engage

Lever

Turn Knob

- The turn knob is spring loaded to return to a center detent position. The

Pitch Wheel

knob is used to manually apply heading commands to the FD/AP by moving the heading bug. Left click in the left and right sides of the box shown to operate the turn knob. - The pitch wheel is spring loaded to return to a center detent position. The wheel is used to manually apply vertical speed commands to the FD/AP in steps of 50 ft.

YD Engage Lever Move to ENGAGE position to engage the yaw damper system. Due to limitations with the Flight Simulator autopilot it is not recommended that you engage the yaw damper when the autopilot is in approach mode. To aid with this the yaw damper and autopilot can be engaged independently, unlike in the real aircraft.

AP Engage Lever Move to ENGAGE position to engage the autopilot system.

Autopilot Mode Select Panel Flight Guidance & Autopilot System HDG Mode NAV Mode APPR Mode

Autopilot Mode Select Panel

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

HDG Mode NAV Mode APPR Mode Push Button Push Button Push Button VS Mode Push
HDG Mode
NAV Mode
APPR Mode
Push Button
Push Button
Push Button
VS Mode Push
Button
IAS Mode Push
Button
CLIMB Mode
ALT Mode
Push Button
Push Button
Pressing a mode select button will engage the respective mode if allowed by the FCC.
Navigation Source Selectors
Navigation Source
Navigation Source
Left Selector
Right Selector

Navigation Source Left and Right Selectors The NAV S L and R push buttons are used to couple left or right navigation source to the FD/AP.

Altitude Preselector Alerter Flight Guidance & Autopilot System The altitude preselector alerter (APA) is used

Altitude Preselector Alerter

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

The altitude preselector alerter (APA) is used to preselect an altitude that you wish to fly at before engaging the autopilot. It also serves to alert when the selected altitude is being approached or deviated from.

Altitude Alert

Buttonlight

approached or deviated from. Altitude Alert Buttonli g ht Selected Altitude Display Altitude Set Knob Altitude

Selected

Altitude Display

Altitude Set

Knob

Altitude Alert Buttonlight Illuminates steady when approaching and flashes when deviating from selected altitude. If an alert has been triggered pressing the buttonlight will cancel the alert.

Selected Altitude Display The two left digits display thousands of feet. The digit right of the comma display hundreds of feet. The last two digits are stationary zeros.

Altitude Set Knob Left clicking on this knob will adjust the altitude in 100 feet increments.

An example of APA use:

Aircraft is currently on the ground, you wish to climb to 10,000 feet using the CLIMB mode on the AP.

Before takeoff:

Use the altitude set knob to dial an altitude of 10,000 feet into the display. Select the desired CLIMB mode on the MSP.

After takeoff:

Engage the AP. The aircraft will climb at the desired IAS. At 9,000 feet the altitude alert light will come on steady and a tone will be heard. At 9,800 feet the alert light will go out. The aircraft will level off at 10,000 feet and the AP will enter the ALTS submode.

Increasing altitude:

Disengage the autopilot and start to climb. At 10,200 feet the alert light will start to flash and a tone will be heard, warning you of deviation from selected altitude.

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System At 11,000 feet a further tone will be heard. The

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

At 11,000 feet a further tone will be heard.

The following diagram illustrates when the alert light will illuminate and the tone will be heard:

illustrates when the alert li ght will illuminate and the tone will be heard: FFS Saab
EADI Autopilot Displays Flight Guidance & Autopilot System Autopilot related information is shown on the

EADI Autopilot Displays

Flight Guidance & Autopilot System

Autopilot related information is shown on the EADI. Most of these are self explanatory.

Captured Lateral

Mode

Armed Lateral

Mode

Autopilot

Engagement Flag

Mode Armed Lateral Mode Autopilot Engagement Flag Flight Advisory Speed Captured Vertical Mode Armed

Flight Advisory

Speed

Captured

Vertical Mode

Armed Vertical

Mode

ALTS Armed

Flag

FD Command

Bars

Autopilot Engagement Flag A green AP is shown inside a green box when the AP is engaged. When the autopilot is disengaged a white flag is shown. The arrow indicates which navigation source side is currently selected.

Miscellaneous Instruments Miscellaneous Instruments and Controls Landing Gear Control Panel Landing Gear Lights Landing

Miscellaneous Instruments

Miscellaneous Instruments and Controls

Landing Gear Control Panel

Landing Gear Lights

and Controls Landing Gear Control Panel Landing Gear Lights Landing Gear Handle Test Button Landing Gear

Landing

Gear Handle

Test Button

Landing Gear Lights Landing gear down and locked lights. When the NOSE, LEFT or RIGHT green light is on, the respective gear is down and locked.

Landing Gear Handle

UP

- When moved to up position all gears will retract and lock in retracted

DN

position. - When moved to DN position all gears will extend and lock in extended position.

Test Button Press to test the gear down and locked lights when the gear is in locked up position.

Flap Position Indicator Miscellaneous Instruments Fla p Position Indicator Flap Position Indicator Dual pointers (left

Flap Position Indicator

Miscellaneous Instruments

Flap Position Indicator Miscellaneous Instruments Fla p Position Indicator Flap Position Indicator Dual pointers (left