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Exponents Discovery

Monday, October 07, 2013 9:01 AM

Part One:

The Exponents Discovery has taught me what is a base, a power, and a coefficient number. A base is the factor that is being multiplied. A power exponent shows how many times the factor is being multiplied by itself. I also learned that there are three different forms that numbers could be written as. A coefficient number is the constant number that is written before the base. The three forms that a number can be written as are; exponential, expanded, and standard form. Exponential form is written with a base and a power like this; 3 4 . The expanded form of 3 4 is the same as three multiplied by itself four times, so it is written like this; 3*3*3*3. The standard form of a number is the answer, so the standard form of 3 4 is 81.

1. A base is the factor that is being multiplied.

2. A power exponent shows how many times the factor is being multiplied by itself.

3. A base and a power tells you how many times the base should be multiplied by itself based on the number of the power.

4. A power is a shortcut to repeated multiplication of the base.

5. You could use geometry to describe squaring and cubing a number because if you were trying to figure out what four to the second power is then you could draw a square that is four by four and then count all of the blocks that make up the square.

Here is an example of how geometry could help when figuring out exponents:

Part : Two:

Base Exponent Meaning
Value
B
E
tM i
Vl

Introduction to Exponents Page 1

Part : Two:

Base Exponent Meaning
Value
Base Exponent Meaning
Value
2
4
2*2*2*2
16
2
4
2*2*2*2
16
3
2*2*2
8
2 2
3
2*2*2
8
2 2
2*2
4
2
2
2*2
4
21
2
2
21
2
2
20
1
1
20
1
1
2
‐1
1/2
1/2
2 2
‐1
‐2
1/2*1/2
1/2
1/4
1/2
2 2
‐2
‐3
1/2*1/2*1/2 1/8
1/2*1/2
1/4
1/2*1/2*1/2*1/2 1/16
2 2
‐3
-4
1/2*1/2*1/2
1/8
2
-4
1/2*1/2*1/2*1/2 1/16

Pasted from http://transitionalactivities.wikispaces.com/Exponents

1.

When you increase the exponent of a number, the base is doubling because two is being multiplied by itself, that many more

Pasted from http://transitionalactivities.wikispaces.com/Exponents

times.

2. When you decrease the exponent of a number, the base stays the same, but the value is being divided by one half.

1. 3.

4.

When you increase the exponent of a number, the base is doubling because two is being multiplied

Yes, the pattern does work because as the exponent decreases the number is half of the number above it.

by itself, that many more times.

Yes, the pattern does work because as the exponent increases the number is twice the number below it.

Pasted from http://transitionalactivities.wikispaces.com/Exponents

2. When you decrease the exponent of a number, the base stays the same, but the value is being

divided by one half.

Part Three:

3.

Yes, the pattern does work because as the exponent increases the number is twice the number

below it.

1. What do you get when you add x by x?

4.

2x

Yes, the pattern does work because as the exponent decreases the number is half of the number

2. What do you get when you subtract x by x?

0

What do you get when you multiply x by x?

above it.

3. Pasted from http://transitionalactivities.wikispaces.com/Exponents

x^2

4. What do you get when you divide x by x?

1

What do you get when you multiply x by x by x?

x^3

What about x by x by x by x by x?

5. Part Three:

1. 6.

7.

2.

8.

3.

9.

What do you get when you add x by x?

x^5

2x

What do you get when you multiply x^2 by x?

What do you get when you subtract x by x?

x^3

0 What about x^2 by x^3?

x^5

What do you get when you multiply x by x?

x^2

4.

10.

5.

What do you get when you divide x by x?

x^10

Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you multiply same bases.

1

When you multiply the same bases can add the number by itself the same time the original tells you to. For an example

What do you get when you multiply x by x by x?

4*4 is the same as 4 4 4 4, both are equal to sixteen.

x^3

11. 6.

12. 7.

13.

8.

14.

9.

What do you get when you divide x by x?

What about x by x by x by x by x?

x^1

x^5

What do you get when you multiply x^2 by x?

What do you get when you multiply x^2 by x?

x^3

x^3

x^6

x^5

What do you get when you divide x^5 by x^3?

x^2

Introduction to Exponents Page 2

.

x^6

a a ou x

y x

14.

9.

15.

x^5

What do you get when you divide x^5 by x^3?

x^2

x^10

x^5

10.

Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you multiply same bases.

Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you divide same bases

16. When you multiply the same bases can add the number by itself the same time the original tells you to.

When you divide the same bases the answer will always be one.

For an example

17. 4*4 is the same as 4 4 4 4, both are equal to sixteen.

What do you get when you square x^3?

18.

11.

19.

12.

20.

13.

21.

x^6

What do you get when you square x^4?

What do you get when you divide x by x?

x^8

x^1

What do you get when you cube x^2?

What do you get when you multiply x^2 by x?

x^6

x^3

What do you get when you raise x^3 to the fourth power?

x^12

What do you get when you raise x^2 to the fifth power?

x^6

14.

22.

What do you get when you divide x^5 by x^3?

x^10

Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you raise a base with an exponent by an exponent.

x^2

When you raise a base with an exponent by an exponent, it is the same multiplying the exponent times the other

15. What about x^6 by x?

exponent.

x^5

16. Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you divide same bases

Pasted from http://transitionalactivities.wikispaces.com/Exponents

When you divide the same bases the answer will always be one.

17. What do you get when you square x^3?

x^6

18. What do you get when you square x^4?

x^8

19. What do you get when you cube x^2?

x^6

20. What do you get when you raise x^3 to the fourth power?

x^12

21. What do you get when you raise x^2 to the fifth power?

x^10

22. Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you raise a base with an exponent by an exponent. When you raise a base with an exponent by an exponent, it is the same multiplying the exponent times the other exponent.

Pasted from http://transitionalactivities.wikispaces.com/Exponents

Introduction to Exponents Page 3