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How to veri fy welder quali fication to ASM E IX code A product of

How to veri fy welder quali fication to ASM E IX code

How to veri fy welder quali fication to ASM E IX code A product of Engineering

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

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2 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

2 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX First

First Words

Welding and welding inspection e ngineers often need to verify the welder qualifica tion for a welding

belong to their company or provided by the fabri cator, constructor

need to carry out a welding job. T he first thing to do is to obtain the WPQ for the

contains all the approval ranges a nd verification can be done straight away whethe r he is qualified or requires requalification. However i n some case, WPQ is condensed in a card form w hich welders keep with them while doing the job an d welding engineers and inspectors need to verify whether they are doing the same job for which th ey are qualified. That condensed information sh ould enlist all the essential variables which upon any change call for a requalification. Still, understandi ng of the essential variables is required to verify weld er qualification. On to this, correct information of F -numbers which is critical for welding performance q ualifications is required. This document will help y ou in verifying the welders qualification according to t he requirements of ASME Sec. IX.

job he is going to do. Welder can

welder. WPQ itself

IX. job he is going to do. Welder can welder. WPQ itself A product of Engineering

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

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3 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

3 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Essential

Essential variables of welding performance qualifi cations

The first thing to know about Only after understanding each qualified for a new welding job

is the essential variables for welding performanc e qualification. essential variable, you would be able to verify i f the welder is or not.

Please note that essential varia bles are different for different welding processes.

Removing backing material Cha nge up Change in or d own for pipe ve rtical
Removing
backing
material
Cha nge up
Change in
or d own for
pipe
ve
rtical
diameter
w elds
SMAW
Addition
in
Change in
weldin
g
P-number
positio
n
Change in
weld
Change in
deposit
F-number
thickness

be verified to or missed out

while verification. There Fig. are 1 Rep cas es resentation when people of properties miss an essential linked with variable Ferrite or Numb they er confuse them

material is an

with the essential variable of

see if the welder is qualified to

See for shielded metal arc weld ing, there are seven essential variables which must

do your job. Not a single one should be ignored

procedure qualification. Like removal of backing

essential variable means if the q ualification was done with backing then the welde r cannot weld

without backing material. Howe ver this variable doesn’t affect procedure qualificat ion.

Similarly, change in pipe diam eter is an essential variable for welder qualificatio n and not for

procedure and

well as for welder qualification . Every single essential variable is being discusse d on the next pages.

procedure qualification. Change

in F-numbers is an essential variable for welding

Change in F-numbers is an essential variable for welding A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

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4 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

Change in P-numbe r

v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Change in P-numbe r P-number software helps you in

P-number

software helps you in calculatin g the approval ranges for different P-numbers as sh own below:

is

an

essential vari able

of welder

qualification

with

few

exceptio ns.

WeldPulse

able of welder qualification with few exceptio ns. WeldPulse A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK
able of welder qualification with few exceptio ns. WeldPulse A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

Info: weld@weldpulse.com Sales: sa les@engineeringpulse.co.uk

5 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

5 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Change

Change in F-number

Except few exceptions a change

are for different F-numbers w ith /without backing. Like a welder qualified wit h F-number 4

without backing is qualified to

with or without backing. Weld Pulse software helps you in looking for the appro val range of F-

number as shown below:

in F-number requires re-qualification. The excepti ons associated

work with F-number 1, 2 and 3 with backing and wi th F-number 4

with F-number 1, 2 and 3 with backing and wi th F-number 4 A product of
with F-number 1, 2 and 3 with backing and wi th F-number 4 A product of

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

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6 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

6 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Change

Change in weld depos it thickness

Change in weld deposit thick ness is also an essential variable for welder qu alification. Its approval range needs to be co mplied with. Following are the images showing h ow WeldPulse provides the approval ranges.

images showing h ow WeldPulse provides the approval ranges. A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK
images showing h ow WeldPulse provides the approval ranges. A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

Info: weld@weldpulse.com Sales: sa les@engineeringpulse.co.uk

7 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

7 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Addition

Addition in welding position

is an essential variable. Any addition should be a ssessed as per

ASME IX requirements and the n welder may or may not need requalification. Fo r example, if a welder is qualified on a plate w ith groove joint in 3G, he is qualified to weld in fl at and vertical

position for plate and pipe ove r 24 in OD. Below this diameter till 2-7/8” OD, he c an weld in flat position only.

An addition in welding position

in flat position only. An addition in welding position A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

welding position A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK Info: weld@weldpulse.com Sales: sa

Info: weld@weldpulse.com Sales: sa les@engineeringpulse.co.uk

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

8 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

8 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Change

Change up or down for vertical welds

Except cover or wash pass, u pward or downward progression for any vertical requalification.

weld requires

progression for any vertical requalification. weld requires Removal of backing g material The removal of backing

Removal of backing g material

The removal of backing materi al in single welded groove welds requires requalifi cation. Double welder groove welds are consid ered welding with backing.

welder groove welds are consid ered welding with backing. A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK
welder groove welds are consid ered welding with backing. A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

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9 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

9 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX GTAW

GTAW – Gas Tungs ten Arc Welding

For GTAW, there are 12 esse ntial variables. Common essential variables for

processes are not discussed aga in. Only the variables which are different in GTAW are discussed.

SMAW and GTAW

Removal of backing C hange in c urrent or polarity Change in material pipe diameter
Removal of
backing
C hange in
c urrent or
polarity
Change in
material
pipe
diameter
Deletion of
Change in
backing
P-number
gas
Change up
Addition
or
or down
GTAW
deletion
of
for vertical
filler met al
welds
Addition in
Change in
welding
F-number
position
C hange in
weld
deposit
t hickness
Addition or
deletion of
Change in
inserts
product
form

Addition or deletion of filler metal

Addition or deletion of filler metal

he is not qualified to weld without filler and vice versa.

Addition or deletion of inserts

is an essential variable. If a welder is qualified with

filler metal then

variable. If a welder is qualified with filler metal then A product of Engineering Pulse Limited,
variable. If a welder is qualified with filler metal then A product of Engineering Pulse Limited,

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

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10 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

Change in product form

welder qualification to ASME IX Change in product form Deletion of backin g gas A product
welder qualification to ASME IX Change in product form Deletion of backin g gas A product

Deletion of backin g gas

to ASME IX Change in product form Deletion of backin g gas A product of Engineering
to ASME IX Change in product form Deletion of backin g gas A product of Engineering

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

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11 | P a g e

How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX

11 | P a g e How to v erify welder qualification to ASME IX Final

Final Words

While managing welders for we lding job, it is pertinent to know about the essenti al variables for the

understanding the WeldPulse software

welding processes they are q ualified to weld with. This knowledge helps in

changing scenarios while manag ing them and using on several other welding jobs.

provides you a competitive edge

in verifying a welder’s qualification in lesser time.

edge in verifying a welder’s qualification in lesser time. A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

A product of Engineering Pulse Limited, UK

Logos, names used within this document are copyrighted by Eng ineering Pulse © 2013 Any unauthorized use is illegal and strictly prohibited.

Info: weld@weldpulse.com Sales: sa les@engineeringpulse.co.uk