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Present Perfect

Use the Present Perfect to talk about actions that happened at some point in the past. It does not matter when exactly they happened. I have already had a breakfast. He has been to England. Remember You should not use this tense with time expressions like yesterday, a week ago, last year, etc. I have seen it yesterday. x We have gone to Paris last year. x We also use this tense to when an activity has an effect on the present moment. He has nished his work. (so he can now rest) I have already eaten the dinner. (so I'm not hungry) He has had a car accident. (that's why he is in the hospital) The form of the present perfect simple tense:

Have (in the simple present) + Verb (in the past participle form)
Positive I have worked. NOTE: I have worked = I've worked He has worked = He's worked I have not = I haven't worked He has not = He hasnt worked Examples: 1. We have already had breakfast. 2. They have played football. 3. We haven't washed the car. 4. Have they nished their homework? 5. I have seen that movie twenty times. Negative I have not worked. Interrogative Have you worked? Examples: Have you nished the job? No, I haven't nished yet. Yes, I have already nished. She's just nished her job.

6. I think I have met him once before. 7. Someone has just taken my bag! 8. People have traveled to the Moon. 9. People have not traveled to Mars.

Present perfect vs past simple tense: Present perfect I have met that girl before Have you seen Nancy recently? We have discussed this issue a few times. I have had some tests this week. Simple past I met that girl at the beach last Saturday. Did you see Nancy yesterday? We discussed this issue last month. I had some tests last week.