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Adolf Hitler

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Adolf Hitler

Hitler in 1937

Fhrer of Germany

In office 2 August 1934 30 April 1945

Preceded by

Paul von Hindenburg (as President)

Succeeded by

Karl Dnitz (as President)

Chancellor of Germany

In office 30 January 1933 30 April 1945


Paul von Hindenburg Franz von Papen Position vacant Kurt von Schleicher Joseph Goebbels Reichsstatthalter of Prussia In office 30 January 1933 30 January 1935

Deputy Preceded by

Succeeded by

Prime Minister

Franz von Papen Hermann Gring Office created Office abolished Personal details

Preceded by Succeeded by


20 April 1889 Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary 30 April 1945 (aged 56) Berlin, Germany



Austrian citizen until 7 April 1925[1] German citizen after 25 February 1932 National Socialist German Workers' Party (19211945)

Political party

Other political affiliations Spouse(s) Occupation Religion

German Workers' Party (19201921) Eva Braun (2930 April 1945) Politician, soldier, artist, writer See: Religious views of Adolf Hitler


Military service Allegiance Service/branch Years of service Rank Unit Battles/wars

German Empire Reichsheer 19141918 Gefreiter 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment World War I Iron Cross First Class Iron Cross Second Class Wound Badge


Adolf Hitler (German: [adlf htl] ( listen); 20 April 1889 30 April 1945) was an Austrianborn German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP); National Socialist German Workers Party). He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Fhrer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler was at the centre of Nazi Germany, World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust. Hitler was a decorated veteran of World War I. He joined the German Workers' Party (precursor of the NSDAP) in 1919, and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, he attempted a coup d'tat in Munich, known as the Beer Hall Putsch. The failed coup resulted in Hitler's imprisonment, during which time he wrote his memoir, Mein Kampf (My Struggle). After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, antisemitism, and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda. After his appointment as chancellor in 1933, he transformed the Weimar

Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism. Hitler's aim was to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in continental Europe. To this end, his foreign and domestic policies had the aim of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for the Germanic people. He directed the rearmament of Germany and the invasion of Poland by the Wehrmacht in September 1939, resulting in the outbreak of World War II in Europe. Under Hitler's rule, in 1941 German forces and their European allies occupied most of Europe and North Africa. In 1943, Germany had been forced onto the defensive and suffered a series of escalating defeats. In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time partner, Eva Braun. On 30 April 1945, less than two days later, the two committed suicide to avoid capture by the Red Army, and their corpses were burned. Hitler's supremacist and racially motivated policies resulted in the systematic murder of eleven million people, including an estimated six million Jews,[2][3][4] and indirectly and directly caused the deaths of an estimated 50 million people during World War II.[5][6]