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RAY OPTICS
1. The Kirchhoff's first law (i = 0) and second law
(iR =E), where the symbols have their usual meanings,
are respectively based on
(a) conservation of charge, conservation of momentum
(b) conservation of energy, conservation of charge
(c) conservation of momentum, conservation of charge
(d) conservation of charge, conservatrion of energy
2. Needles N
1
, N
2
and N
3
are made of a ferromagnetic, a
paramagnetic and a diamagnetic substance respectively. A
magnet when brought close to them will
(a) attract N
1
and N
2
strongly but repel N
3
(b) attract N
1
strongly, N
2
weakly and repel N
3
weakly
(c) attract N
1
strongly, but repel N
2
and N
3
weakly
(d) attract all three of them
3. A material 'B' has twice the specific resistance of 'A'. A circular
wire made of 'B' has twice the diameter of a wire made of 'A'.
then for the two wires to have the same resistance, the ratio
l
B
/l
A
of their respective lengths must be
(a) 1 (b)
2
1
(c)
4
1
(d) 2
4. In a region, steady and uniform electric and magnetic fields
are present. These two fields are parallel to each other. A
charged particle is released from rest in this region. The
path of the particle will be a
(a) helix (b) straight line
(c) ellipse (d) circle
5. An electric dipole is placed at an angle of 30 to a non-
uniform electric field. The dipole will experience
(a) a translational force only in the direction of the field
(b) a translational force only in a direction normal to the
direction of the field
(c) a torque as well as a translational force
(d) a torque only
6. A particle located at x=0 at time t=0, starts moving along
with the positive x-direction with a velocity 'v' that varies as
v = x . The displacement of the particle varies with time
as
(a) t
2
(b) t
(c) t
1/2
(d) t
3
7. A bomb of mass 16kg at rest explodes into two pieces of
masses 4 kg and 12 kg. The velolcity of the 12 kg mass is
4ms
1
. The kinetic energy of the other mass is
(a) 144 J (b) 288 J
(c) 192 J (d) 96 J
8. A whistle producing sound waves of frequencies 9500 HZ
and above is approaching a stationary person with speed v
ms
1
. The velocity of sound in air is 300 ms
1
. If the person
can hear frequencies upto a maximum of 10,000 HZ, the
maximum value of v upto which he can hear whistle is
(a)
1
ms 2 15

(b)
1
ms
2
15

(c)
1
ms 15

(d)
1
ms 30

9. A mass of M kg is suspended by a weightless string. The
horizontal force that is required to displace it until the string
makes an angle of 45 with the initial vertical direction is
(a) ) 1 2 ( Mg + (b) 2 Mg
(c)
2
Mg
(d) ) 1 2 ( Mg
10. A particle of mass 100g is thrown vertically upwards with a
speed of 5 m/s. The work done by the force of gravity
during the time the particle goes up is
(a) 0.5 J (b) 1.25 J
(c) 1.25 J (d) 0.5 J
11. The maximum velocity of a particle, executing simple
harmonic motion with an amplitude 7 mm, is 4.4 m/s. The
period of oscillation is
(a) 0.01 s (b) 10 s
(c) 0.1 s (d) 100 s
12. Starting from the origin a body oscillates simple harmonically
with a period of 2 s. After what time will its kinetic energy be
75% of the total energy?
(a)
s
6
1
(b) s
4
1
(c)
s
3
1
(d) s
12
1
AI EEE-2 0 0 6
PHYSICS
(Note: Q1 to 10 carry 1marks, 11 to 65 carry 3 marks and 66 to 75 carry 4marks)
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13. Assuming the Sun to be a spherical body of radius R at a
temperature of TK, evaluate the total radiant powerd incident
of Earth at a distance r from the Sun
(a)
4
2 2
0
2
T
4 r R
r

(b)
4
2 2
0
2
T
r R
r

(c)
4
2 2
0
2
T
r R
4 r

(d)
4
2
2
T
R
r

where r
0
is the radius of the Earth and is Stefan's
constant.
14. Which of the following units denotes the dimension
2
2
Q
ML
,
where Q denotes the electric charge?
(a) Wb/m
2
(b) Henry (H)
(c) H/m
2
(d) Weber (Wb)
15. A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards by
applying a force by hand. If the hand moves 0.2 m while
applying the force and the ball goes upto 2 m height further,
find the magnitude of the force.
(Consider g =10 m/s
2
).
(a) 4 N (b) 16 N
(c) 20 N (d) 22 N
16. A string is stretched between fixed points separated by
75.0 cm. It is observed to have resonant frequencies of 420
Hz and 315 Hz. There are no other resonant frequencies
between these two. Then, the lowest resonant frequency
for this string is
(a) 105 Hz (b) 1.05 Hz
(c) 1050 Hz (d) 10.5 Hz
17. Consider a two particle system with particles having masses
m
1
and m
2
. If the first particle is pushed towards the centre
of mass through a distance d, by what distance should the
second particle is moved, so as to keep the centre of mass
at the same position?
(a)
d
m
m
1
2
(b)
d
m m
m
2 1
1
+
(c)
d
m
m
2
1
(d) d
18. A player caught a cricket ball of mass 150 g moving at a rate
of 20 m/s. If the catching process is completed in 0.1s, the
force of the blow exerted by the ball on the hand of the
player is equal to
(a) 150 N (b) 3 N
(c) 30 N (d) 300 N
19. In a common base mode of a transistor, the collector current
is 5.488 mA for an emitter current of 5.60 mA. The value of
the base current amplification factor () will be
(a) 49 (b) 50
(c) 51 (d) 48
20. A thermocouple is made from two metals, Antimony and
Bismuth. If one junction of the couple is kept hot and the
other is kept cold, then, an electric current will
(a) flow from Antimony to Bismuth at the hot junction
(b) flow from Bismuth to Antimony at the cold junction
(c) now flow through the thermocouple
(d) flow from Antimony to Bismuth at the cold junction
21. The threshold frequency for a metallic surface corresponds
to an energy of 6.2 eV and the stopping potential for a
radiation incident on this surface is 5 V. The incident
radiation lies in
(a) ultra-violet region (b) infra-red region
(c) visible region (d) X-ray region
22. An alpha nucleus of energy
2
mv
2
1
bombards a heavy
nuclear target of charge Ze. Then the distance of closest
approach for the alpha nucleus will be proportional to
(a) v
2
(b)
m
1
(c)
2
v
1
(d)
Ze
1
23. The time taken by a photoelectron to come out after the
photon strikes is approximately
(a) 10
4
s (b) 10
10
s
(c) 10
16
s (d) 10
1
s
24. When
3
Li
7
nuclei are bombarded by protons, and the
resultant nuclei are
4
Be
8
, the emitted particles will be
(a) alpha particles (b) beta particles
(c) gamma photons (d) neutrons
25. The current I drawn from the 5 volt source will be
+

5 volt
I
5 10 20
10
10
(a) 0.33 A (b) 0.5 A
(c) 0.67 A (d) 0.17 A
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26. The energy spectrum of -particles [number N(E) as a
function of -energy E] emitted from a radioactive source is
(a)
N(E)
E
0
E
(b)
N(E)
E
0
E
(c)
N(E)
E
0
E
(d)
N(E)
E
0
E
27. In a series resonant LCR circuit, the voltage across R is 100
volts and R =1 k with C =2F. The resonant frequency
is 200 rad/s. At resonance the voltage across L is
(a) 2.5 10
2
V (b) 40 V
(c) 250 V (d) 4 10
3
V
28. The resistance of a bulb filmanet is 100 at a temperature
of 100C. If its temperature coefficient of resistance be 0.005
per C, its resistance will become 200 at a temperature of
(a) 300C (b) 400C
(c) 500C (d) 200C
29. Two insulating plates are both uniformly charged in such a
way that the potential difference between them is
V
2
V
1
=20 V. (i.e., plate 2 is at a higher potential). The
plates are separated by d =0.1 m and can be treated as
infinitely large. An electron is released from rest on the
inner surface of plate 1. What is its speed when it hits plate
2? (e =1.6 10
19
C, m
e
=9.11 10
31
kg)
1
2
0.1 m
Y
X
(a) 2.65 10
6
m/s (b) 7.02 10
12
m/s
(c) 1.87 10
6
m/s (d) 32 10
19
m/s
30. In an AC generator, a coil with N turns, all of the same area
A and total resistance R, rotates with frequency in a
magnetic field B. The maximum value of emf generated in
the coil is
(a) N.A.B.R. (b) N.A.B.
(c) N.A.B.R. (d) N.A.B.
31. A solid which is not transparent to visible light and whose
conductivity increases with temperature is formed by
(a) Ionic bonding
(b) Covalent bonding
(c) Vander Waals bonding
(d) Metallic bonding
32. The refractive index of a glass is 1.520 for red light and
1.525 for blue light. Let D
1
and D
2
be angles of minimum
deviation for red and blue light respectively in a prism of
this glass. Then,
(a) D
1
<D
2
(b) D
1
=D
2
(c) D
1
can be less than or greater than D
2
depending upon
the angle of prism
(d) D
1
>D
2
33. If the ratio of the concentration of electrons to that of holes
in a semiconductor is
5
7
and the ratio of currents is
4
7
,
then what is the ratio of their drift velocities?
(a)
8
5
(b)
5
4
(c)
4
5
(d)
7
4
34. In a Wheatstone's bridge, three resistances P, Q and R
connected in the three arms and the fourth arm is formed by
two resistances S
1
and S
2
connected in parallel. The
condition for the bridge to be balanced will be
(a)
2 1
S S
R 2
Q
P
+

(b)
2 1
2 1
S S
) S S ( R
Q
P +

(c)
2 1
2 1
S S 2
) S S ( R
Q
P +

(d)
2 1
S S
R
Q
P
+

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35. The flux linked with a coil at any instant 't' is given by
250 t 50 t 10
2
+
The induced emf at t =3s is
(a) 190 V (b) 10 V
(c) 10 V (d) 190 V
36. A long solenoid has 200 turns per cm and carries a current
i. The magnetic field at its centre is 6.28 10
2
Weber/m
2
.
Another long solenoid has 100 turns per cm and it carries a
current
3
i
. The value of the magnetic field at its centre is
(a) 1.05 10
2
Weber/m
2
(b) 1.05 10
5
Weber/m
2
(c) 1.05 10
3
Weber/m
2
(d) 1.05 10
4
Weber/m
2
37. The circuit has two oppositively connected ideal diodes in
parallel. What is the current flowing in the circuit?
4
D
1
D
2
2 3
12V
(a) 1.71 A (b) 2.00 A
(c) 2.31 A (d) 1.33 A
38. In the following, which one of the diodes reverse biased?
(a)
+5 V
+10 V
R
(b)
10 V
5 V
R
(c)
10 V
R
(d)
+5 V
R
R
39. The anode voltage of a photocell is kept fixed. The
wavelength of the light falling on the cathode is gradually
changed. The plate current I of the photocell varies as
follows
(a)
I
O
(b)
I
O
(c)
I
O
(d)
I
O
40. If the binding energy per nucleon in Li
7
3
and He
4
2
nuclei
are 5.60 MeV and 7.06 MeV respectively, then in the reaction
7 4
3 2
p Li 2 He +
energy of proton must be
(a) 28.24 MeV (b) 17.28 MeV
(c) 1.46 MeV (d) 39.2 MeV
41. An electric bulb is rated 220 volt - 100 watt. The power
consumed by it when operated on 110 volt will be
(a) 75 watt (b) 40 watt
(c) 25 watt (d) 50 watt
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42. The 'rad' is the correct unit used to report the measurement
of
(a) the ability of a beam of gamma ray photons to produce
ions in a target
(b) the energy delivered by radiation to a target
(c) the biological effect of radiation
(d) the rate of decay of a radioactive source
43. A coin is placed on a horizontal platform which undergoes
vertical simple harmonic motion of angular frequency .
The amplitude of oscillation is gradually increased. The
coin will leave contact with the platform for the first time
(a) at the mean position of the platform
(b) for an amplitude of
2
g

(c) for an amplitude of


2
2
g

(d) at the highest position of the platform


44. Four point masses, each of value m, are placed at the corners
of a square ABCD of side l. The moment of inertia of this
system about an axis passing through A and parallel to BD
is
(a)
2
m 2 l
(b)
2
m 3 l
(c)
2
m 3 l
(d)
2
ml
45. A force of k

F acts on O, the origin of the coordinate


system. The torque about the point (1, 1) is
X
Y
Z
O
(a) ) j

( F (b) ) j

( F +
(c) ) j

( F + (d) ) j

( F
46. The potential energy of a 1 kg particle free to move along
the x-axis is given by
J
2
x
4
x
) x ( V
2 4

,
_


.
The total mechanical energy of the particle is 2 J . Then, the
maximum speed (in m/s) is
(a)
2
3
(b)
2
(c)
2
1
(d) 2
47. A thin circular ring of mass m and radius R is rotating about
its axis with a constant angular velocity . Two objects
each of mass M are attached gently to the opposite ends of
a diameter of the ring. The ring now rotates with an angular
velocity ' =
(a)
m
) M 2 m ( +
(b)
) M 2 m (
) M 2 m (
+

(c)
) M m (
m
+

(d)
) M 2 m (
m
+

48. A wire elongates by l mm when a load W is hanged from it.


If the wire goes over a pulley and two weights W each are
hung at the two ends, the elongation of the wire will be (in
mm)
(a) l (b) 2l
(c) zero (d) l/2
49. An inductor (L =100 mH), a resistor (R =100 ) and a
battery (E =100 V) are initially connected in series as shown
in the figure. After a long time the battery is disconnected
after short circuiting the points A and B. The current in the
circuit 1 ms after the short circuit is
A B
E
R
L
(a) 1/eA (b) eA
(c) 0.1 A (d) 1 A
50. Two spherical conductors A and B of radii 1 mm and 2 mm
are separated by a distance of 5 cm and are uniformly
charged. If the spheres are connected by a conducting wire
then in equilibrium condition, the ratio of the magnitude of
the electric fields at the surfaces of spheres A and B is
(a) 4 : 1 (b) 1 : 2
(c) 2 : 1 (d) 1 : 4
51. Two rigid boxes containing different ideal gases are placed
on a table. Box A contains one mole of nitrogen at temperature
T
0
, while Box contains one mole of helium at
temperature 0
T
3
7

,
_

. The boxes are then put into thermal


contact with each other, and heat flows between them until
the gases reach a common final temperature (ignore the
heat capacity of boxes). Then, the final temperature of the
gases, T
f
in terms of T
0
is
(a) 0 f
T
7
3
T
(b) 0 f
T
3
7
T
(c)
0 f
T
2
3
T (d)
0 f
T
2
5
T
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52. The work of 146 kJ is performed in order to compress one
kilo mole of gas adiabatically and in this process the
temperature of the gas increases by 7C. The gas is
(R =8.3 J mol
1
K
1
)
(a) diatomic
(b) triatomic
(c) a mixture of monoatomic and diatomic
(d) monoatomic
53. If the lattice constant of this semiconductor is decreased,
then which of the following is correct?
E
g
E
c
E
v
conduction
band width
band gap
valence
band width
(a) All E
c
, E
g
, E
v
increase
(b) E
c
and E
v
increase, but E
g
decreases
(c) E
c
and E
v
decrease, but E
g
increases
(d) All E
c
, E
g
, E
v
decrease
54. The rms value of the electric field of the light coming from
the Sun is 720 N/C. The average total energy density of the
electromagnetic wave is
(a) 4.58 10
6
J/m
3
(b) 6.37 10
9
J/m
3
(c) 81.35 10
12
J/m
3
(d) 3.3 10
3
J/m
3
55. If the terminal speed of a sphere of gold (density =19.5 kg/
m
3
) is 0.2 m/s in a viscous liquid (density =1.5 kg/m
3
), find
the terminal speed of a sphere of silver (density =10.5 kg/
m
3
) of the same size in the same liquid
(a) 0.4 m/s (b) 0.133 m/s
(c) 0.1 m/s (d) 0.2 m/s
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1. (d) A function in a electrical circuit cannot act as a source
or sink of charges and charges therefore cannot be
created or destroyed.
If the sum of emf's and potential difference across the
resistors is not zero then one can continuously gain
energy by circulating charge around a closed loop in
a particular direction, which is not possible. Thus this
law is based on conservation of charge.
2. (b) Ferromagnetic substance has magnetic domains
whereas paramagnetic substances have magnetic
dipoles which get attracted to a magnetic field.
Diamagnetic substances do not have magnetic dipole
but in the presence of external magnetic field due to
their orbital motion these substance are repelled.
3. (d)
B
=2
A
d
B
=2d
A
R
B
=R
A
B B A A
B A
A A


l l
2 2
B A B A A
2 2
A B A
A A
d 4d
2
2
d d



l
l
4. (b) The charged particle will move along the lines of
electric field (and magnetic field). Magnetic field will
exert no force. The force by electric field will be along
the lines of uniform electric field. Hence the particle
will move in a straight line.
5. (c)
E
1
E
2
F
1
F
2
+q
q
The electric field will be different at the location of
force on the two charges. Therefore the two charges
will be unequal. This will result in a force as well as
torque.
6. (a)
x v
x
dt
dx

dt
x
dx



x
0
t
0
dt
x
dx
t
0
x
0
] t [
1
x 2

1
1
]
1

t x 2
2
2
t
4
x


7. (b) Let the velocity and mass of 4 Kg piece be v
1
and m
1
and that of 12 Kg piece be v
2
and m
2
.
Applying conservation of linear momentum
m
2
v
2
=m
1
v
1
1
1
ms 12
4
4 12
v


J 288 144 4
2
1
v m
2
1
. E . K
2
1 1 1

8. (c) 1
]
1


s
v v
v
'
1
]
1


v 300
300
9500 10000
300 v 300 0.95
1
v 300 0.05 15ms


9. (d) Work done by force (applied) +Work done by
gravitational force =change in kinetic energy
C
B
45
A
F
F
0 AC Mg AB F
1
1
1
1
]
1


,
_


2
1
2
1
1
Mg
AB
AC
Mg F
) 1 2 ( Mg F
HINTS AND SOLUTIONS
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10. (b) J 25 . 1 25 1 . 0
2
1
mv
2
1
E . K
2

2
1
W mgh mv 1.25J
2
_


,
1
]
1

on conservati energy by mv
2
1
mgh
2
Q
11. (a) a v
max
T
2
a v
max


s 01 . 0
4 . 4
10 7 14 . 3 2
v
a 2
T
3
max

12. (a) t cos ma


2
1
. E . K
2 2 2

2 2
ma
2
1
. E . T
Given K.E. =0.75 T.E.
6
t t cos 75 . 0
2


s
6
1
t
2 6
2
t
6
t




13. (b) Total power radiated by Sun =
2 4
R 4 T
Total power received by Earth =
) r (
r
R T
2
0
2
2 4

14. (b) Mutual inductance =


I
BA
I

2 2
1
2 1 1
Q ML
] QT [
] L Q MT [
] Henry [



15. (d) The velocity of the ball just when it leaves the hand is
u then applying,
v
2
u
2
=2as
for upward journey
v
2
u
2
=2as
40 u 2 ) 10 ( 2 u
2 2

Again applying v
2
u
2
=2as for the upward journey
of the ball, when the ball is in the hands of the thrower,
v
2
u
2
=2as
2
s / m 100 a 2 . 0 ) a ( 2 0 40
N 20 100 2 . 0 ma F
N 22 2 20 N 20 mg N +
Alternatively,
W
hand
+W
gravity
=k
N 22 F 0 ) 2 . 2 )( 10 )( 2 . 0 ( ) 2 . 0 ( F +
16. (a) Given
nv
315
2

l
and
420
2
v
) 1 n ( +
l
3 n
315
420
n
1 n

+

Hence
Hz 105
2
v
315
2
v
3
l l
The lowest resonant frequency is when n =1
Therefore lowest resonant frequency =105 Hz.
17. (c)
O
m
1
x
1
x
2
m
2
2 2 1 1
2 1
2 2 1 1
x m x m
m m
x m ) x ( m
0
+
+

...(1)
Finally,
d d
x d
1
x d
2
O
m
2
m
1
) ' d x ( m ) x d ( m 0
2 2 1 1
+
' d m x m x m d m 0
2 2 2 1 1 1
+
d
m
m
' d
2
1

[From(1).]
18. (c)
N 30
1 . 0
) 20 0 ( 15 . 0
t
) u v ( m
F

19. (a) I
C
=5.488 mA, I
e
=5.6 mA
49
1
,
6 . 5
488 . 5


20. (d) At cold junction, current flows from Antimony to
Bismuth (because current flows from metal occurring
earlier in the series to metal occurring later in the
thermoelectric series).
21. (a) J 10 6 . 1 2 . 6 eV 2 . 6
19

V =5 volt
0
eV
hc

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m 10
) 5 2 . 6 ( 10 6 . 1
10 3 10 6 . 6
eV
hc
7
19
8 34
0

+

This range lies in ultra violet range.
22. (c) Work done to stop the particle is equal to K.E.
2 2
mv
2
1
r
) Ze ( K
q mv
2
1
qV
2
2 2
2(2e)K(Ze) 4KZe
r
mv mv

2
v
1
r
Here mass is constant, hence r will not depend on
mass.
23. (b) The order of time is nano second.
24. (c)
+ +
0
0
8
4
1
1
7
3
Be p Li
25. (b) The network of resistors is a balanced wheatstone
bridge. The equivalent current is
5 V
15
30
R
eq
=

+

10
30 15
30 15

A 5 . 0
10
5
R
V
I
26. (c) The range of energy of -particles is from O to some
maximum value as shown in option (c).
27. (c) Across resistor, I =
A 1 . 0
1000
100
R
V

At resonance,
L c
6
1 1
X X 2500
C
200 2 10


Voltage across L is
L
I X 0.1 2500 250V
28. (a) R
2
=R
1
(1 +T)
T 005 . 0 1 ] T 005 . 0 1 [ 100 200 +
C 200
5
1000
005 . 0
1
T
Final temperature =300C
NOTE : We may use this expression as an
approximation because the difference in the answers
is appreciable. For accurate results one should use R
=R
0
e
T
29. (a)
2
mv
2
1
eV
31
19
10 1 . 9
20 10 6 . 1 2
m
eV 2
v



s / m 10 65 . 2
6

30. (d)
dt
) A . B . N ( d
dt
d
e



t sin NBA ) t cos BA (
dt
d
N
NBA e
max
31. (b) Van der Waal's bonding is attributed to the attractive
forces between moles of a liquid. The conductivity of
semiconductors (covalent bonding) and insulators (ionic
bonding) increases with increase in temperature while that
of metals (metallic bonding) decreases.
32. (a) For a thin prism, D =( 1) A
Since
b
<
r

r
<
b
D
1
<D
2
or
2
A
sin
2
m A
sin
,
_

+

33. (c)
h
e
h h
e e
h
e
v
v
5
7
4
7
eAv n
eAv n
I
I

4
5
v
v
h
e

34. (b)
S
R
Q
P

where
2 1
2 1
S S
S S
S
+

35. (b)
) 50 t 20 (
dt
d
e


V 10 e
3 t

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36. (a)
1 1 0
2 2 0
1
2
i n
i n
B
B

i 200
3
i
100
10 28 . 6
B
2
2

2 2
2
2
m / Wb 10 05 . 1
6
10 28 . 6
B


37. (b) D
2
is forward biased whereas D
1
is reversed biased.
A 2
6
12
i
38. (d) p is connected to low potential and n is connected to
high potential.
39. (b) As X decreases, v increases and hence the speed of
photoelectron increases. The chances of photo
electron to meet the anode increases and hence phto
electric current increases.
40. (b) Let E be the energy of proton, then
] 06 . 7 4 [ 2 6 . 5 7 E +
MeV 28 . 17 2 . 39 48 . 56 E
41. (c) The resistance of the bulb is
100
) 220 (
P
V
R
2 2

The power consumed when operated at 110 V is
2
2
(110) 100
P 25 W
4
(220) /100

42. (c) The risk posed to a human being by any radiation
exposure depends partly upon the absorbed dose, the
amount of energy absorbed per gram of tissue. Absorbed
dose is expressed in rad. A rad is equal to 100 ergs of energy
absorbed by 1 gram of tissue. The more modern,
internationally adopted unit is the gray (named after the
English medical physicist L. H. Gray); one gray equals 100
rad.
43. (b) For block A to move in SHM.
mg
x
N
A
mean
position
mg N =m
2
x
where x is the distance from mean position
For block to leave contact N =0
2
2
g
x x m mg


44. (c)
A
B
C D
n
n'
2
2
' nn
) 2 ( m
2
m 2 I l
l
+

,
_



2 2 2
m 3 m 2 m l l l +
45. (b) Torque
) k

F ( ) j

( F r
] k

[ F ) k

F ( ) j

(
) j

( F ) i

( F +
46. The potential energy of a 1 kg particle free to move along
the x-axis is given by
J
2
x
4
x
) x ( V
2 4

,
_


.
The total mechanical energy of the particle is 2 J . Then, the
maximum speed (in m/s) is
(a)
2
3
(b)
2
(c)
2
1
(d) 2
46. (a) Velocity is max. when K.E. is max.
For min. P.E.,
3
dv
0 x x 0 x 1
dx
t
1 1 1
Min. P.E.
4 2 4

K.E. +P.E. =2 (Given)
4
9
4
1
2 . E . K +
2
3
v
4
9
v 1
2
1
mv
2
1
. E . K
2 2

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47. (d) Applying conservation of angular moment
I'' =I
2 2 2
(mR 2MR ) ' mR +
m
'
m 2M
1

1
+
]
48. (a) Case (i)
W
T
At equilibrium, T =W
L /
A / W
Y
l

.....(1)
Case (ii)
W W
T T
At equilibrium T =W
L /
A / W
Y
2 / L
2 /
A / W
Y
l
l

Elongation is the same.
49. (a) Initially, when steady state is achieved, i =
R
E
Let E is short circuited at t =0. Then
At t =0, i
0
=
R
E
Let during decay of current at any time the current
flowing is
0 iR
dt
di
L
0
i t
i 0
di R di R
dt dt
i L i L


t
L
R
0
0
e
e i i t
L
R
i
i
log


e
1
e
100
100
e
R
E
i
3
3
10 100
10 100
t
L
R

50. (c)
A
B
r
1
r
2
+Q
+Q
After connection, v
1
=v
2
2
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
r
Q
r
Q
r
Q
K
r
Q
K
The ratio of electric fields
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
Q
r
r
Q
E
E
r
Q
K
r
Q
K
E
E

1
2
r
r
E
E
r r
r r
E
E
1
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
2 1
2
1


Since the distance between the spheres is large as
compared to their diameters, the induced effects may
be ignored.
51. (c) Heat lost by He =Heat gained by N
2
1 2
1 v 1 2 v 2
n C T n C T
[ ]
0 f f 0
T T R
2
5
T T
3
7
R
2
3

1
]
1

0 f f 0
T 5 T 5 T 3 T 7
0 f 0 f f 0
T
2
3
T T
8
12
T T 8 T 12
52. (a)



1
7 3 . 8 1000
146000
1
T nR
W
or
58.1 58.1
1 1.4
146 146
1 +
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53. (c) A crystal structure is composed of a unit cell, a set of
atoms arranged in a particular way; which is periodically
repeated in three dimensions on a lattice. The spacing
between unit cells in various directions is called its lattice
parameters or constants. Increasing these lattice constants
will increase or widen the band-gap (E
g
), which means more
energy would be required by electrons to reach the
conduction dand from the valence band. Automatically E
c
and E
v
decreases.
54. (a) E
rms
=720
The average total energy density
2
0 0
E
2
1

2
rms 0
2
rms 0
E ] E 2 [
2
1

3 6 2 12
m / J 10 58 . 4 ) 720 ( 10 85 . 8


55. (c)

9
g ) d d ( r 2
V
2 1
2
T
18
9
2 . 0 V
) 5 . 1 5 . 19 (
) 5 . 1 5 . 10 (
2 . 0
V
2
2
T
T

s / m 1 . 0 V
2
T