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STUDY: Adsorption of Catechin from aqeous solutions on polymeric resins and activated carbon , September 2010 (Parikshit Gogoi,

et al) Isotherms used: Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich Peterson (where Langmuir shows the best fit in almost all data) Noteworthy: Adsorption of Catechin in XAD-7, XAD-4 and activated carbon shows to have the highest adsorption capacity at room temperature (25deg C) OPTIMUM PH: 4.0 STUDY: Efcient adsorptive removal of phenol by a diethylenetriamine-modied hypercrosslinked styrenedivinylbenzene (PS) resin from aqueous solution Isotherms used: Langmuir, Freundlich , Sips equation - (where Langmuir shows the best fit almost all data)

STUDY: Selective adsorption of tea polyphenols from aqueous solution of the mixture with caeine on macroporous crosslinked poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) Isotherms used: Langmuire, Freundlich, Sips Equation (Where Lanmuire shows the best fit - almost all data)

STUDY: Dietmar R. Kammerer Zaid S. Saleh Reinhold Carle Roger A. Stanley Adsorptive recovery of phenolic compounds from apple juice (2007) -used thesame exactly thesame method of analysis of Total polyphenols -This study compared the effect of pH on adsorption equilibrium from other polyphenolic compounds like flavonoids, cyanidin 3-glucoside which undergoes pH dependent structural transformations. However, the differences in their polarity did not affect the adsorbed amount at equilibrium. In contrast, apple phenolic compounds contain high amounts of low-molecular phenolic compounds with carboxylic functions : hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids. -A change of the H3O+ in the solution results in a change of the ratio of

protonated/unprotonated phenolic acid compounds. Protonation of these lowmolecular compounds signicantly changes their hydrophobicity and with it their afnity to nonpolaradsorption resins. -The data obtained in such studies can be used for theprediction and with it the optimisation of purication and separation processes, which are based on the recovery of phytochemicals using polymeric resins. -pH range : (2.0-3.9) STUDY: Adsorption isotherm, thermodynamics and kinetics studies of polyphenols separation from kiwifruit juice using adsorbent resin
Zhen Peng Gaoa, b, c, Corresponding author contact information, E-mail the corresponding author, Zhi Fang Yua, Tian Li Yueb, Siew Young Quekc, Corresponding author contact information, E-mail the corresponding author

NOTEWORTHY: The total soluble solids and pH of kiwifruit juice after adsorption were similar to those of the initial kiwifruit juice before adsorption (Table 1). These results implied that other substances (such as organic acid and sugar that present in fruit juice) were not adsorbed by the AB-8 resin besides polyphenols. Results also indicated that AB-8 possessed high desorption capacity of 54.38 mg/g resin with ratio of desorption being 97.72%. This could be contributed by the weak polarity of AB-8 resin, which resultedin easier desorption of polyphenols from the resin.