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Utilities

The amount of heat which is absorbed or evolved in changing the state of a substance without changing its temperature.

Latent Heat

A

system of devices, usually installed below ground level, to scatter or spray water

Lawn Sprinkler System

droplets over a lawn, golf course, or the like.

Minimum width of a septic tank.

90

cms.

Minimum length of a septic tank.

1.50

mts.

Minimum liquid depth for a septic tank.

60

cms.

Maximum liquid depth for septic tank.

1.80

mts.

Minimum capacity, in cubic meters, of the secondary compartment of a septic tank.

1

cum.

Minimum dimension of a manhole access to a septic tank.

508

mm.

Minimum length of the secondary compartment of a septic tank with a capacity of more than 6 cubic meters.

1.50

mts.

Wooden septic tanks are allowed, true or false.

FALSE

Minimum distance of a water supply well from a septic tank.

15.20

mts.

Minimum distance of a water supply well from a seepage pit or cesspool.

45.70

mts.

Minimum distance of a water supply well from a disposal field.

30.50

mts.

Minimum Gauge of galvanized sheet used for downspouts.

26

Minimum height of a water seal for each fixture trap.

51

mm.

Maximum height of a water seal for each fixture trap.

102

mm.

Maximum length of the tailpiece from any fixture.

60

cms.

Minimum extension of the VSTR above the roof.

15

cms.

Minimum extension of the VSTR above an openable window, door opening, air intake,

0.90

mtr.

or

vent shaft.

 

Minimum trap diameter for a bathtub

38 mm. (11/2")

Minimum trap diameter for a shower stall.

51 mm. (2")

Required number of water closets for females for an auditorium serving 16-35.

3

Required number of water closets for males for an auditorium serving 16-35.

2

Required number of urinals for an auditorium serving 10-50.

1

Required number of water closets for females for a theater serving 51-100.

4

Classifications of copper pipes.

Rigid and Flexible

A

rough or sharp edge left on metal by a cutting tool.

Burr

Two types of passenger elevator.

Electric and Hydraulic

Minimum elevator width of single slide door elevator for small commercial or residential building.

0.60

mtr.

A

device that is basically a double throw switch of generally 3-pole connection that will

 

automatically transfer the power from the standby generator to the building circuitry during electrical power failure.

Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS)

TW in electrical wire specification means.

Moisture resistant, in wet and dry location

Another name for passenger elevator.

Lift

The minimum face to face distance between elevators in three and four car grouping.

2

mts.

Collection line of a plumbing system is sometimes referred to as.

House Drain

Maximum height of a dumbwaiter.

1.20

mts.

A

type of lighting that provides illumination to special objects like sculptures, flower

Specific Lighting

arrangements, etc.

XHHN in wire specification means.

Moisture and Heat Resistant- Cross-Linked Thermosetting

Standard length of an electrical metal conduit.

10'

An assembly consisting of a pulley wheel, side plates, shaft, and bearings over which a cable or roped is passed.

Sheave

The other type of flame detector other than the ultraviolet type.

Infra Red

PABX or PBX means.

Pvt. Automatic Branch Exchange

Farad is the unit capacity of a

Capacitor

Another name for distribution panel.

Power Panel

Type of plastic pipe other than polyvinyl chloride and polybutylene.

Polyethylene

Standard size of wire for a circuit line.

No. 12

Standard size of wire for a switch line.

No. 14

A

device for converting alternating current to direct current.

Rectifier

Another name for a Rectifier.

D.C. Generator

A

controller sensitive to the degree of moisture in the air.

Humidistat

Another name for Humidistat.

Hygrostat

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Utilities

Consist of a flyball or flyweight device designed to stop an elevator.

 

Governor

A stop valve placed in the service pipe close to the connection at the water main.

Corporation Stop

A vent with a function to provide circulation if air between drainage and vent system.

Relief Vent

Flange used on a pipe to cover a hole or opening in a floor or wall which the pipe pass.

Escutcheon

Length along the centerline of the pipe and fitting.

 

Developed Length

A

valve used in a flush tank controlling the flushing of fixture.

Flush Valve

Any liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution.

Sewage

Component of fire extinguisher.

 

Carbon Monoxide

Interrelationship between value of voltage and current with the same frequency.

Phase

Descriptive of any material such as synthetic resin which hardens when heated or cured and does not soften when reheated.

Thermosetting

An Instrument which responds to changes in temperature, and directly or indirectly controls temperature.

Thermostat

Thin sheets that are used for controlling heat in drywall construction.

 

Rigid Board Insulation

Conveys storm water and terminates into a natural drainage such as lakes or rivers.

Strom Sewer

A

machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, a generator of

 

alternating current.

 

Alternator

Freon in air-con must be compressed and liquefied in order to absorb

 

Heat

Standard size of a wet standpipe outlet for each floor.

 

1 1/2" (38mm)

A

type of pipe fitting for a Yoke Vent.

1/8 Bend

A

device installed on an electric water heater used to detect the working temperature

Thermostat

to

activate a switch.

Minimum size of trap or branch for a bidet.

 

1 1/2"

Minimum fixture supply pipe diameter for tank type water closet.

 

3/8"

True or false, 1 3/4" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply.

TRUE

True or false, 3" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply.

FALSE

Term applied to the interconnection of the same fixtures in one soil or waste branch with one branch vent.

Battery of Fixtures

A

single vent that ventilates multiple traps in the case of a back to back vent.

Common Vent

Minimum size of a standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 meters or le from the fire service connection.

4" (102mm)

Minimum size of a wet standpipe for a riser of more than 15 meters from the source.

4" (102mm)

Single lever valves used in kitchen sink and lavatory faucets or at shower valves works the principle of a

Ball Valve

Treats hard water.

 

Zeolite

Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting.

 

6" (150mm)

Minimum wire size in square millimeter for a branch circuit with a 30 ampere rating usin

 

Type THW stranded copper conductor in a raceway.

 

5.5 sqmm

Standard frequency of power supplied by the local power utility company like Meralco.

60 Cycles

The overhead service conductors from the last pole or other aerial support

to and includ

 

splices, if any, connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building.

Service Drop

Unit of loudness level.

 

Phon

The process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat.

 

Sound Absorption

Distance sound travels during each cycle of vibration.

 

Wavelength

The reduction in the intensity or in the sound pressure level of sound which is transmitte from one point to another.

Sound Attenuation

Unit of sound absorption equivalent to 1 square foot of perfectly absorptive material.

Sabin

Acoustical phenomenon which causes sound wave to be bent or scattered around.

Sound Diffraction

Minimum sound pressure level that is capable of being detected by the human ear.

Threshold of Audibility

Fluctuation in pressure, a particle displacement in an elastic medium.

 

Sound

Sound sensation in a single frequency.

 

Pure Tone

Wave produced by a pure tone.

 

Sine Wave

Synonymous with a lighting fixture.

 

Luminaire

The luminous intensity of light is expressed in

 

Candela

It

refers to an individual who worked in the sanitary field of ancient Rome.

Plumbarius

In

Latin, it means 'lead'.

Plumbum

A

specially designed system of waste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting of on

Combination Waste and Vent system

or more sinks or floor drains by means of a common waste and vent pipe adequately

sized to provide free movement of air above the flow line of the drain.

 

Vertical flow of air used to separate different functions of spaces.

 

Air curtain

Type of lighting dealing with relatively large area lighting.

 

General Lighting

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During elevator emergency, to rescue passengers, this part of the elevator is used to op the doors from the outside.

Outside Door Latch

A

device which extends across at least 1/2 the width of each door leaf which will open if

 

subjected to pressure.

Panic Bar

Sanitary sewage from buildings shall be discharged directly to the nearest

Sanitary Sewer Main

Receptacles intended to receive and discharge water, water-carried waste into a draina system with which they are connected.

Fixture

The simplest type of building automation system.

Telecommunication System

Standard size of an outlet for a dry standpipe located at each floor.

2 1/2" (64mm)

A vent pipe connected to a vent stack.

Circuit Vent

A vent pipe connected to a stack vent.

Loop Vent

Instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure.

Barometer

Bets type of fire detection that can detect fire during the incipient stage.

Ionization

Condensing unit is a part of a

Refrigeration

A

fire detector installed in a fire alarm system which uses low melting point solders or

Fixed Temperature

metal that expands when exposed to heat to detect a fire.

Heat Detector

A

faucet fitted with a nozzle curving downward used as a draw-off tap.

Bibbcock

Heat rating for a fixed temperature heat detector.

135-197˚F

Reference in measuring the depth of a trap seal of a trap.

Top Dip to Crown Weir

A

pipe fitting shaped like 'S'.

Double Bend

Minimum size of trap and waste branch for a shower stall.

2"

Minimum size of trap and waste branch for a pedestal urinal.

3"

Ratio of water closets for male population for elementary and secondary school.

(1:30)

Ratio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school.

(1:25)

Ratio of urinals for elementary school.

(1:75)

Ratio of water closets for female population for Principal Worship Places.

(1:75)

Minimum required number of water closets for female for office and public buildings serving 55 occupants for employees.

4

Where there is exposure to skin contamination due to poisonous materials, what is the ratio of lavatory to number of occupants.

(1:5)

Minimum head of water, in meters, required for each section of plumbing for water test.

3

How many days, at least, shall be given before any plumbing work inspection is done after written notice for inspection.

3

Minimum time, in minutes, required for water to stay in the system or pipes for a water test without any leaks to satisfy said testing.

15 minutes

Consist of a body, a checking member, and an atmospheric opening.

Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker

Minimum lead content in percent for pipes and fittings safe for humans.

8%

Minimum vertical distance from the bottom of water pipes to the top of sewer or drain pi

300

mm

if

laid in the same trench on top of the other.

 

Minimum distance of water pipings from any regulating equipment, water heater, conditioning tanks, and similar equipment requiring union fittings.

300

mm

Maximum spacing of pipe supports at intervals.

4'

Equivalent of 1/6 bend in degrees.

60˚

True or false, 60˚ branches or offsets may be used only when installed in a true vertical position.

TRUE

Cleanouts may be omitted on a horizontal drain less than 1.5 meters in length unless

 

such line is serving sinks or urinals, true or false.

TRUE

Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes 51mm or less in diamete

0.305 mtr. / 305 mm

Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes larger than 51 mm. Dia.

0.45 mtr. / 450 mm

Maximum distance of any underfloor cleanout from any access door, crawl space, or crawl hole.

6.10

mts.

Maximum length of a tailpiece.

600

mm

Minimum length of any branch requiring separate venting.

4.60

mts.

True or false, no galvanized wrought iron or galvanized steel pipe shall be used underground and shall be kept at least 15 cms above ground.

TRUE

Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above the roof.

150 mm / 15 cms.

Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above any other vertical surface.

300

mm

Minimum vertical distance of VSTR from above of any openable window or opening.

0.90

mtr.

Minimum vertical extension of VSTR from any roofdeck where it is protruded.

2.10

mts.

Minimum horizontal distance of any VSTR from a roofdeck used for other purposes asid from protection from weather.

3.00 mts.

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Utilities

Minimum number of stories served by a waste stack requiring a parallel ventstack.

10

The rate of flow of light through a surface.

Luminous Flux

The luminous intensity of any surface in a given direction per unit of projected area.

Luminance

A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square foot.

Foot-Candle

A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square meter.

Lux

Type of lighting system where 90-100% of light output is directed to the ceiling and upp walls of the room.

Indirect Lighting

The material used for filament in an incandescent bulb.

Tungsten

The equivalent of filament in a fluorescent lamp.

Cathode

An automatic device used for converting high, fluctuating inlet water pressure to a lower constant pressure.

Pressure Regulating Valve

An air-operated device used to open or close a damper or valve.

Air Motor

In

theater stage house, a weight usually of iron or sand used to balance suspended

Counterweight

scenery, or the like.

On elevators, a gear-driven machine having a drum to which the wire ropes that hoist th car are fastened, and on which they wind.

Winding-Drum Machine

Vertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight.

Guiderails

Under NBC, the clearance between the underside of the car and the bottom of the pit shall not be less than

600

mm

Under NBC, the minimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight rope.

30 mm

Under NBC, the minimum width between balusters in an escalator.

558

mm

Under NBC, the maximum rated speed of an escalator along the angle of travel.

38 Meters/Min

The effective room temperature in air-conditioning.

68-74 ˚F

A

private telephone system that interconnects with public telephone systems.

PABX

Resistance in alternating current system.

Impedance

The reciprocal of conductance.

Resistance

The rate of flow of sound energy

Sound Intensity

Lighting used primarily to draw attention to particular points of interest.

Accent Lighting

A means of producing light from gaseous discharge.

Fluorescense

A type of High-Intensity-Discharge lamp (HID).

High-Pressure-Sodium (HPS)

Sound system input device that reacts to and converts variable sound pressure into variable electrical current.

Microphone

A

rate of rise type detector.

Thermal Detector

Light originating from sources not facing each other, as from windows in adjacent walls.

Cross Light

The process of removing calcium and magnesium deposits in water.

Softening

A lighting unit consisting of one or more electrical lamps.

Luminaire

A louvered construction divided into cell-like areas and used for redirecting the light

 

emitted by an overhead source.

Eggcrate

A

graph used in air-conditioning and showing the properties of air-system mixtures.

Psychrometric Chart

Heat that raises air temperature.

Sensible Heat

The transmission of heat energy from one place to another by circulatory movement of mass of fluid.

Convection

A

lamp designed to project and diffuse a uniform level of illumination over a large area.

Floodlight

In

boilers, they function only when exceeds prescribed unsafe operating conditions.

Limit Controls and Interlocks

What type of sound absorbent is best for lower band frequencies.

Porous Absorbents

The bending of sound wave when traveling forward changes direction as it passes throu different densities.

Refraction

True or false, number of fixture unit is one parameter in sizing a drainage pipe.

TRUE

Water distribution system which constantly rely its pressure from the main water pipe applied only if the highest fixture is supplied continuously with the flow rate and minimu required working pressure.

Upfeed System / Direct Method

What combination of pipe fittings is installed at the base of a soil stack?

Wye and 1/8 Bend

What is the rating index of an air-conditioning/refrigeration system which rates the unit f the number of BTU's of heat removed per watt of electrical input energy?

Energy Efficiency Rating (EER)

What mechanical equipment, coupled with a central air-conditioning system, is used to

Fan Coil Unit

to dehumidify and cool the air stream injected to a conditioned space.

A rigid metal housing for a group of heavy conductors insulated from each other and the

 

enclosure, also called Busduct.

Busway

A

heavy conductor, usually in the form of a solid copper bar, used for collecting, carryin

 

and distributing large electric currents, also called a busbar.

Bus

An approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations in

 

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Utilities

completely enclosed ventilated protective metal housing where the assembly is designe

Busway

to

carry fault current and to withstand the magnetic forces of such current.

A type of perimeter detector which detects object in heat range of body temperature.

Passive Infrared

A type of perimeter detector which detects interruption of light beam.

Light Beam

A type of perimeter detector which detects change in sound wave pattern.

Ultrasonic

Women's urinal fixture.

Washdown

True or false, brass and cast iron body cleanouts shall not be used as a reducer or adapter.

TRUE

A

box with a blank cover which serves the purpose of joining one different runs of

 

raceways or cables and provided with sufficient space for connection and branching of t

Pull Box

enclosed conductors.

A

type of water closet that is least efficient, subject to clogging, noisy, and use a simple

 

washout action through a small irregular passageway.

Washdown (WD)

This type of water closet is similar to that of the siphon-jet except that it has a smaller trap passageway and smaller water surface area, moderately noisy.

Reverse Trap (RT)

A

type of water closet that is noisy but highly efficient. Strong jet into up leg forces

Blowout (BO)

contents out. Use only with flush valve, requires higher pressure.

Water closet that is quiet, extremely sanitary, water is directed through the rim. It scours bowl, folds over into jet; siphon.

Siphon Vortex (SV)

A

water closet that is sanitary, efficient, and very quiet. Water enters through the rim an

 

through the down leg.

Siphon Jet (SJ)

A

toilet bowl similar to the siphon-jet, but having the flushing water directed to the rim to

Siphon Vortex (SV)

create circular motion or vortex which scours the bowl.

A

toilet bowl in which the flushing water enters through the rim and a siphonic action

Siphon Jet (SJ)

initiated by a water jet draws the contents of the bowl through the trapway.

A

water closet similar to that of the siphon jet but with a smaller water surface and

 

trapway.

Reverse Trap (RT)

This type of water closet is prohibited by some health codes.

Washdown (WD)

The concussion and banging noise that results when a volume of water moving in a pip suddenly stops or loses momentum.

Water Hammer

The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of the pipe and pipe fittings.

Developed Length

A shutoff valve closed by lowering a wedge-shaped gate across the passage.

Gate Valve

A valve closed by a disk seating on an opening in an internal wall.

Globe Valve

Liquid sewage that has been treated in a septic tank or sewage treatment plant.

Effluent

The centerline of pipe.

Spring Line

The interior top surface of a pipe.

Crown

The interior bottom surface of a pipe.

Invert

A

type of perimeter detector which is subject to false alarm from aircraft radar and from

 

movement outside building through window, wood doors, and the like. It uses radio wav

Microwave

This type of perimeter detector uses both the Passive infrared and Ultrasonic or

Passive Infrared with Ultrasonic (or Microwave)

Microwave system.

This type of perimeter detector detects a change in capacitance of the area covered, caused by intrusion.

Proximity / Capacitance

Color code for pipes containing acid.

Black

A

high intensity discharge lamp in which the light is produced by the radiation from a

 

mixture of a metallic vapor, similar to that of a mercury lamp in construction.

Metal Halide Lamp

A

type of lamp popular for lighting commercial interiors, uses argon gas to ease starting

Mercury Lamp

it

produces light by means of an electric discharge in mercury vapor.

A

type of lamp which produces light by means of the reaction of halogen additive in the

 

bulb reacts with chemically with tungsten.

Tungsten Halogen Lamp

A

type of lamp generally used for roadways and sidewalks, uses sodium gas.

High-Pressure-Sodium (HPS)

Building with fire alarm and suppression system.

Intelligent Building

This shows the vertical relationships of all panels, feeders, switches, switchboards, and major components are shown up to, but not including, branch circuiting, it is an electrica version of a vertical section taken through the building.

Riser Diagram

In

elevator, it detects the obstacles during the door closing, and reopens the door if ther

Safety Shoe

is

something. Photocell can be used together with this.

It

prevents passengers from falling into the hoistway when they try to get out

Fascia Plate

of

the car which is stopped between the floors.

In

elevator, it makes the buzzer alarm when the car is overloaded and the door remains

 

open until overloading is eliminated.

Weighing Device

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Utilities

In elevator, it protects the equipment from over current.

Circuit Breaker

In elevator, these prevent the excessive car travel at the highest and lowest floor.

Limit Switches

In escalators, these stop the escalator if a foreign object becomes wedged at the guard.

Handrail Guard Switches

In escalators, this is located at the bottom truss of the escalator and provided with on

an

 

off positions to stop or prevents the escalator from starting during maintenance service.

Disconnect Switch

This device, in escalators, is provided at the drive unit location to protect against accidental movement of the escalator during inspection of the drives or during general maintenance.

Mechanical

Maintenance

Locking Device

This device, in escalators, stops the escalator automatically if an abnormal current is supplied to the motor.

Current Overload Safety Switch

This switch cuts off all current supply to the escalator for inspection, maintenance, or repairs.

Knife Switch

In a lightning protection system, the combination of a metal rod and its brace or footing, on the upper part of a structure.

Air Terminal

One of the earlier plastic to be developed in 1938, a du pont trade name for the white, soft, waxy, and non-adhesive polymer of tetrafluoroethylene.

Teflon

The number of cycles per unit time of a wave or oscillations expressed in hertz of cycles per second.

Frequency

Of a partition, the number of decibels by which sound is reduced in transmission throug it; a measure of the sound insulation value of the partition, the higher the number, the greater the insulation value.

Transmission Loss

The cooling effect obtained when 1 ton of ice at 32 oF (0 oC) melts to water at the same tmeperature in 24 hrs. (equivalent to 12,000 Btu/hr)

Ton of Refrigeration