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Reporting of spatial data for the Floods Directive (Part II)

Guidance on reporting for flood hazard and risk maps of spatial information

Tools and services for reporting under WISE

Guidance on reporting of spatial data for the Floods Directive (part II)

Version 5 June 2013


Notice
This report was produced for the European Commission for the specific purpose of creating a guidance document on reporting of spatial data under the Floods Directive. This report may not be used by any person other than the European Commission without the European Commissions express permission. In any event, Atkins accepts no liability for any costs, liabilities or losses arising as a result of the use of or reliance upon the contents of this report by any person other than the European Commission. Atkins Limited

Document History
JOB NUMBER: DOCUMENT REF: FDRDG10-6-GIS guidance-FHRMver5_CLEAN20130624 Maidens Maidens Maidens Maidens Wolstrup Brattemark (Comm) Brattemark, Jacobsen (EEA) 29.04.11 03.05.11 05.05.11 01.06.11

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First draft Updates from Wolstrup comments Updates with Comm comments Updates with further Comm and EEA comments Comments from FDG Comments from MS Incl. pilot project Incl comments from Member States and JRC Purpose Description

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Maidens Maidens Wolstrup Wolstrup

20.06.11 8.09.11 18.03.13 24.06.13

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Guidance Document No:22 Guidance on Implementing the Geographical Information System (GIS) Elements of the EU Water policy

Contents
Section
Abbreviations 1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 3. 3.1 3.2 4. 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 6. 6.1 6.2 6.3 7. 8. 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 Introduction Overview Flood hazard and risk map content Reporting arrangements Other reporting under the Floods Directive Scope FD reporting schemas Related documents Getting help As-is analysis and gap analysis EXCIMAP analysis Interactive flood map examples User requirements Products at the European level Overview Maps produced for the WISE viewer Flood hazard and risk maps European overview Data content and structure for reported floods information Overview Information to be reported How the Commission will use the information Maintenance Data content and structure for decentralised Flood maps Overview Maps Map context Map 1: Flood hazard map and probabilities Map 2: Flood risk map and population Map 3: Flood risk map and economic activity Map 4a: Flood risk map and environment: installations Map 4b: Flood risk map and environment: WFD protected areas Map 5: Flood risk map and other vulnerability information (optional) Map 6: Other significant sources of pollution (optional)

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8.11 8.12 9. 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 10. 10.1 10.2 10.3 11. 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 12. 12.1 12.2 13. 13.1 13.2 14. 14.1 15. 1. 1.1 2. 2.1 2.2 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4.

Map 7: Other useful information (optional) Map 8: Coastal protection (optional) Data production Spatial resolution Spatial representation Coordinate reference system Trans-boundary flood mapping for reported information Data exchange format for submitted information Formats Naming of files Data upload Data exchange format for decentralised information Overview INSPIRE WMS WMS profile WMS service metadata WMS Layer metadata GetMap request parameters Metadata WISE metadata profile Metadata creation Data access and constraints Data usage Data Distribution Coordination and organisation Helpdesk Reporting documents and links Overview Abstract Publishing Target publish date Mapviewer Data and pre-processing Content datasets Data extraction Data extraction and processing steps Derived datasets Visualisation

41 41 43 43 43 43 44 45 45 45 46 47 47 47 47 48 48 49 51 53 53 53 54 54 54 56 56 57 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 80 80 81
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4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 5. 5.1 5.2 6.

Layer 1: Population Layer 2: Economic activities Layer 3: IED installations


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81 81 82 82 83 83 83 85 85 86 88

Layer 4: Other potential consequences Background theme maps Discomap services Map spatial layers Interaction Layer selection Pop-up windows Specific map explanation text

Appendix A: Description and specification of metadata elements for the reporting of the geographic information Appendix B: Map layer specification for flood hazard and risk maps Appendix C: Procedure on how to link to national maps from EU portal

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Abbreviations
Term EC EEA ETC-W FD FHRM FHM FRM GIS GML GWB GWD ID IR INSPIRE MS NMA POM RBD RBMP Scenario SWB UOM WB WFD WISE XML Meaning / Definition European Commission European Environmental Agency European Topic Centre Water Floods Directive Flood Hazard and Risk Map Flood Hazard Map Flood Risk Map Geographic Information System Geographic Markup Language Groundwater body Groundwater Directive Identifier Implementation Rule Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe Member State National Mapping Agency Programme Of Measures River Basin District River Basin Management Plan Probability Surface Water Body Unit Of Management Water Body Water Framework Directive Water Information System for Europe Extensible Markup Language

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1.

Introduction
Reporting sheet (reference #2): This document comprises text which has been extracted from the reporting sheet. In order to highlight this previously agreed text in the document, it has been given a grey background colour.

1.1

Overview
Article 6 of the Floods Directive (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/flood_risk) requires Member States to prepare flood hazard maps and flood risk maps. The distinction between flood hazard maps and flood risk maps is (Reference #1): the flood hazard maps should cover the geographical area which could be flooded according to different probabilities, along with some hazard related information associated to those areas; the flood risk maps shall show the potential adverse consequences associated with floods under these probabilities, relating to human health, economic activity, the environment and cultural heritage.

These maps must be prepared, at the river basin level and at the most appropriate scale, for the areas of potentially significant flood risk identified under Article 5 or according to article 13.1 (a), or for the areas for which MS decide to prepare flood maps according to article 13(1)(b) (art 6.1). Member States will determine the most appropriate scale of flood hazard maps and flood risk maps, and different scales can be chosen for instance depending on the location and type of map. Additionally, information will be reported through WISE to be shown at European level (at scale 1:250.000).

1.1.1

How to use this document


According to the Directive, Member States shall produce Flood mapping according to some minimum recommendations. This guidance focuses on these recommendations in three ways: 1. Provide guidance on the visualisation of the information to be shown on the flood maps; 2. Provide a technical framework for the setting up of Member State flood maps on national servers; 3. Describe how the information and maps will be used.

1.1.2

Timeline
The flood hazard maps and flood risk maps must be completed by the 22nd December 2013 and made available to the commission by the 22nd March 2014. Member States may also use flood hazard maps and flood risk maps which were finalised before 22.12.2010, provided these maps provide a level of information equivalent to the requirements of Article 6 (art 13.2).

1.2

Flood hazard and risk map content


As written in the reporting sheet for flood hazard and risk maps (reference #2), Flood hazard maps must show the geographical area which could be flooded under different scenarios (art. 6.3), whereas flood risk maps must show the potential adverse consequences of these flood scenarios (article 6.5). The flood maps must be prepared for the following flooding scenarios: (a) floods with low probability, or extreme event scenarios;

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(b) flood with a medium probability (likely return period 100 years); (c) floods with a high probability, where appropriate. Members States have flexibility to assign specific flood probabilities to these scenarios. For each scenario, Members State must prepare information of flood extents and water depth or levels (art 6.4). Where appropriate, Members States could also prepare information on flow velocities or the relevant water flow. For each flooding scenario, the flood risk maps shall show: 1. the indicative number of inhabitants potentially affected; 2. type of economic activity of the area potentially affected; 3. installations as referred to in Annex I to Council Directive 2008/1/EC (codified version of Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996) concerning integrated pollution prevention and control which might cause accidental pollution in case of flooding and potentially affected WFD protected areas identified in Annex IV(1)(i), (iii) and (v) to Directive 2000/60/EC; The maps may show other information which the Member State considers useful such as the indication of areas where floods with a high content of transported sediments and debris floods can occur and information on other significant sources of pollution. For coastal flooding where there is an adequate level of protection in place, and for groundwater flooding, Member States can decide to limit the preparation of flood hazard maps to low probability or extreme events (art 6.6 and 6.7).

1.2.1

Guidance structure
This guidance document is the continuation of the agreed reporting sheet with the goal of defining the reporting needs Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and 10 are background or 'supporting' chapters

The backbone of the document is the reporting arrangements which are distributed between four chapters: Chapter 5 describes what will be shown at European level through WISE Chapter 6 describes the information the Member States are expected to report which will be used in the visualisation at European level (chapter 5) Chapter 8 deals with the content of the national level maps, Member States are expected to set up in accordance with the Directive in a distributed manner. Chapter 11 describes the delivery mechanism for distributed maps

Development of reporting/data exchange formats and visualisation shall furthermore be in line with relevant requirements of INSPIRE, in particular as regards the Annex III theme Natural Risk Zones, but also in relation to other relevant themes e.g. area management / restriction / regulation zones and reporting units.

1.3

Reporting arrangements
As written in the reporting sheet for flood hazard and risk maps (reference #2, pg 3), All reporting under the Directive should be done electronically via WISE (Water Information Systems for Europe). The reporting of Flood hazard maps and flood risk maps however presents two main challenges in this context. Firstly, the current scale of visualisation of maps in the current WISE map viewer (scale 1:250000) might not be the appropriate scale for such maps, as mentioned in the Directive.

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Secondly, the INSPIRE Directive rules for metadata on relevant topics may not be fully operational until after 2014, that is most likely after the reporting deadline for the flood hazard maps and flood risk maps. The road map for implementation of the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1205/2008 of 3 December 2008 as regard Metadata (for both data sets and services) are: - Data sets and services of Annex I and II - Implementation by the 03.12.2010 - Data sets and Services of Annex III - Implementation by the 03.12. 2013 The implementation of the INSPIRE Directive rules for metadata on both data and services should be operational by the end of 2013 and therefore fully implemented when the reporting deadline for nd the flood hazard and risk map are due on the 22 of December 2013. This leads to a two pronged approach on reporting and visualisation of flood maps via WISE. To address these challenges, a decentralised and staged approach to reporting flood maps will be implemented. The detailed and reference data for the flood hazard maps and flood risk maps shall rest in the national repositories for these maps (the decentralised approach), with web-links to these maps provided through geographical information as set out in section C (of the reporting sheet) (and through textual information on methodologies) provided to the public through WISE. Under the staged approach, it is proposed that in the short term (until 2014) the reporting of flood maps should be based on textual information on methodologies used, and reporting of geographical information as set out in section C (of the reporting sheet), with web-links to detailed maps held in the Member States. This should be visualised in a way which allows the user to select an area from the EU-wide WISE background map, and then via hyperlink established in WISE, to switch and to zoom into the correct area at MS level. This will also take into consideration the reporting of existing maps according to article 13.2. The technical solution (web services) for providing national floods maps should in addition also be in line with the Implementing Rules for INSPIRE Network Services (Discovery, View, Download, Transform) Commission Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 which have the following implementing dates: - Discovery and View - Implementation by the 09.11.2011 - Download and Transformation - Implementation by the 28.12.2012 Data, as set out in section C (of the reporting sheet), shall be reported which are required to enable compliance checking by Commission and production of certain maps and reference data sets to be produced at the European level (WISE scale). The content of reporting as described in the Reporting Sheet reflect what is needed for the compliance checking or for the production of complete reference datasets across EU27 for other uses by the Commission, including JRC and EEA. However, some data can be labelled conditional (only applies for certain conditions) or optional for additional reporting where this information is available and can provide added value. . In the longer term as INSPIRE is being implemented, notably to be in place for the second cycle of flood maps (deadline for establishing maps: 22.12.2019), the format for reporting/data and information exchange and visualisation/displayed of flood maps should be in a decentralised mode foreseen by that Directive, and in line with a Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) initiative and made available via WISE.

1.3.1

Reporting arrangements stages applied to this document


Stage 1 first reporting cycle Chapter 6 describes the reporting to the Commission of spatial and XML data Chapter 8 describes the content of the national level maps, but only where datasets are existence (i.e does not expect pre-compliance with INSPIRE data specifications). However

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national maps should both have implemented the INSPIRE Directive rules for metadata on both data and services and the implementing Rules for INSPIRE Network Services (Discovery, View, Download, Transform) In order to achieve a system where from an EU-map that 'allows the user to select an area from the EU-wide WISE background map, and then via hyperlink established in WISE, to switch and to zoom into the correct area at MS level' then Member States should deliver these maps as INSPIRE Network Services. The reporting in the first cycle, or stage 1, should as far as reasonably possible be INSPIRE compliant. Member States shall provide the INSPIRE Network Services (Discovery, View) in conformity (i.e. operating capability) with this IR no later than 9 November 2011. Chapter 11 sets out the guidance for delivery of electronic maps as View Services for Floods reporting. If Member States are unable to deliver their flood and risk maps as View services in Stage 1, then they should be publicly available online as PDFs or through a WebBased GIS portal. The hyperlink to the relevant Member State resource for the flood hazard and risk maps will be reported to the Commission with the responsibility to the Member State for maintaining this hyperlink or informing the Commission of any changes see appendix C for more detail on how to report these hyperlinks.

Stage 2 second reporting cycle (in accordance with INSPIRE) Chapter 6 describes the reporting to the Commission of spatial and XML data (may be revised after first reporting cycle) Chapter 8 details with the content of the national level maps. This is primarily driven by the Annex III data specification on Natural Risk Zones, with reporting under other Directives and other INSPIRE thematic areas eg. the data themes Area management / restriction / regulation zones and reporting units - providing supplementary information for the maps. For the second cycle, reporting formats/schemas shall aim at being fully INSPIRE compliant, which means that apart from the implementation of the INSPIRE Directive rules for metadata on both data and services and the implementing Rules for INSPIRE Network Services (Discovery, View, Download, Transform) that the full data content for the INSPIRE data specifications IR should be implemented Chapter 11 presents the implementation of the INSPIRE View services specification for the floods domain Chapter 12 presents the implementation of the WISE metadata profile for the floods domain

1.4
1.4.1

Other reporting under the Floods Directive


Units of Management
The Floods Directive (Article 3.2) allows Member States to identify units of management different from the river basin districts used for the Water Framework Directive. Units of management (UoM) may be individual river basins and/or certain coastal areas, and may be entirely within national borders or may be part of an international unit of management or international river basin district. The Floods Directive requires Member States to communicate to the Commission information on the identification of units of management by 26 May 2010. Background to the context of GIS in WISE is given in the GIS Guidance document (Section 2). Reporting sheets was developed to report the geographic information and the thematic information related to Units of Management:

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http://circa.europa.eu/Members/irc/env/wfd/library?l=/floods_programme_1/ddrafting_groups/reporting_grafting/reporting_sheets&vm=detailed&sb=Title

1.4.2

Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment


Article 4 of the Floods Directive requires Member States to undertake a Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment (PFRA) for each river basin district, unit of management or the portion of an international river basin district or unit of management lying within their territory. The identification of areas with a potential significant flood risk (art. 5) will be based on available or readily derivable information including the requirements specified in the directive (art. 4). Available or readily derivable information should, where possible, include details of: Significant floods that have occurred in the past and their location, extent, conveyance routes and adverse consequences, and other floods that occurred in the past which would have significant adverse consequences if they occurred again; Potential adverse consequences of future floods; Impacts of climate change and long-term developments on the occurrence of floods; and, Other available or readily derivable information, as relevant to the Member State, on issues such as topography, the position of water courses and their general hydrological and geomorphological characteristics, including flood plains as natural retention areas, the effectiveness of existing flood defence infrastructure, and the position of populated areas and areas of economic activity.

Article 5 requires that the PFRA shall be used as the basis for the identification of areas for which Member States conclude that potential significant flood risk (APSFR) exist or might be considered likely to occur in the future for each river basin district, unit of management or the portion of an international river basin district or unit of management lying within a Member States territory. Member States shall complete the preliminary flood risk assessment by 22 December 2011.

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2.

Scope
The scope of this paper is to provide guidance to Member States in the preparation and reporting of geographic data under the Floods Directive (FD). This guidance is based on recommendations from the Guidance Document No 22 Updated Guidance on Implementing the Geographical 1 Information System (GIS) Elements of the EU Water policy .

2.1

FD reporting schemas
Fundamental to the reporting process are the schemas which have been developed from the reporting sheets. All the schemas are available online from EEAs ReportNet. The reporting schemas are not dealt with in this document. This document deals with the spatial information required for the information reported in some of those schemas. The schemas are available from this web page http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/ along with supporting documentation.

2.2

Related documents
This is Document No.4 providing support for the FD submission workflow. There are three other documents which provide additional support to the reporting process: Document No.1: Floods Directive reporting - A user manual http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/ Document No.2: Schema user guidance http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/ Document No.3: Reporting of spatial data for the Floods Directive (Part I) - Spatial reporting of the CAUoM and PFRA/ASPFR http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/

2.3

Getting help
All schemas, tools and supporting documents are available from this web page: http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/

If you need assistance on issues not addressed in this User Guidance please contact: helpdeskWISEreporting@atkinsglobal.com

Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). Guidance Document No 9 Updated Guidance on Implementing the Geographical Information System (GIS) Elements of the EU Water policy. 17. November 2008. http://circa.europa.eu/Public/irc/env/wfd/library?l=/framework_directive/guidance_documents/guidance-no22_nov08pdf_1/_EN_1.0_&a=d

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3.
3.1

As-is analysis and gap analysis


EXCIMAP analysis
The following is extracted from Excimap: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/flood_risk/flood_atlas/pdf/flood_maps_ch8.pdf It is intended to post this information in the guidance from the EXCIMAP and Member States can update this information during the review period as it dates from 2007. Most countries have flood extent maps. This flood extent should be related to a specified flood frequency. Frequencies used in the maps vary from 1/30 to 1/10.000. Most countries use only 2 or 3 different frequencies (e.g. 1/100 and 1/1000, or the less accurate frequent and exceptional), Flanders seventeen (2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 and 1000 years). England & Wales distinguish between floods originating from the sea (1/200) and flood from rivers (1/100), while Ireland gives an indication of the uncertainty of the flood extent. Maps become difficult to read when flood extent is presented in iso-lines (instead of coloured surfaces) or when current velocities are presented is arrows (that may merge together with parallel current lines). Often flood extent for different frequencies is presented in one map. Increasing intensities of blue, suggesting increasing flood depth, represent the most frequent flooded (deeper) areas (like England & Wales, Finland, Germany). Flood depth maps may be presented for one representative flood frequency, e.g. 1/100. An interesting example is from Japan, in which the flood depth intervals are such that it contains danger/how to act information for individuals. In France maps exist that also present flood duration. Information on historic floods is shown on maps from France, Finland and Ireland. With this type of information one should be aware that since this flood event floodwave characteristics and floodplain topography may have changed considerably and that therefore this historic flood may not representative for present conditions. However, this information is valuable to increase flood awareness. Flood hazard maps, indicating where the combination of current velocity and waterdepth may be dangerous, are published in England & Wales. Austria uses the more or less comparable drag force parameter. In Rheinland-Pfalz (Germany) and Switzerland this velocity-depth information is related to frequency, expressing this hazard information in a more sophisticated way for professional users. The dominant colours for this type of hazard information are red, orange and yellow. In terms of flood risk maps, official maps indicating potential damage are rare. The only examples are from Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen). Italy, Spain and Switzerland have official risk zone maps. These maps are based on the probability of flooding in combination with the land use sensitivity /vulnerability to flooding. In Italy and Switzerland this risk zonation relates to spatial planning regulations and construction requirements. Specific vulnerability maps are available in England & Wales (social vulnerability of the population) and Sachsen (Germany) (vulnerable services, like hospitals).

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3.2

Interactive flood map examples


Editorial remark: It is intended to include a complete survey here of currently available interactive flood map services, please provide other to the Commission if available.

3.2.1

Spain
http://sig.marm.es/snczi/visor.html?herramienta=DPHZI

3.2.1.1

Flood layers available


Areas of significant flood risk (partial coverage) Flood scenarios (10, 50,100,500 years)

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3.2.2

Switzerland
http://www.apps.be.ch/geoportal/gdp/FrontController?project=gk5&language=de

http://www.apps.be.ch/geoportal/gdp/FrontController?project=gk5&language=de

3.2.2.1

Flood layers available


Water hazard maps

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3.2.3

Luxembourg
http://eau.geoportal.lu/

3.2.3.1

Flood layers available


Flood hazard maps (10yrs, 100yrs , extreme) Flood risk maps (10yrs, 100yrs , extreme) Other flood related information

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3.2.4

United Kingdom (England/Wales)


http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/homeandleisure/floods/default.aspx

3.2.4.1

Flood layers available


Flood hazard maps (significant, moderate, low) click on the map for popup

Other flood related information

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3.2.5

Sweden
https://www.msb.se/sv/Kunskapsbank/Kartor/Oversvamningskartering/

3.2.5.1

Flood layers available


Flood hazard maps (100yrs)

3.2.6

Austria (in development)


Austrian Flood risk maps are currently under development and not yet available online. Presented below are examples of how Austria may present flood hazard map and flood risk maps. Additionally to the FHM reporting, separate amps are being developed for water depth and flow velocity (where appropriate)

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3.2.6.1

Flood layers available


APSFR Flood hazard maps (30/100/200-300 years) For each flood scenario:
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o o o o o o

Flooded areas and use Residents in flood-prone area per municipality Specific hazards Infrastructure Road/rail network Rivers

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4.

User requirements
Section 2.1.2 of the GIS Guidance document [7] provides a detailed overview of the role of GIS in reporting in WISE.

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5.
5.1

Products at the European level


Overview
The aim of this section is to describe the output map products which will be produced at the European level. This section is intended to expose the approach which will be taken in order for these maps to be developed. It is important to convey these maps will not necessarily provide the exact same message as the national level maps. The goal of these maps is not the same as the national level maps. These maps are intended to draw the attention of the user or citizen to areas of interest. This section is showing what will be done at European level in order to build up a picture, drawing attention to where the information has been reported and where national FHRM are available and the user can zoom in to see. Where possible information will be used from the Member State reporting, other Directives and other European data sets. This is phase 1, as it is envisaged that INSPIRE will make available much more information from Member States which will be used to underpin the Flood hazard and risk maps.

5.2

Maps produced for the WISE viewer


The intention is to disseminate certain aspects of the reported FD data and information via WISE, and where necessary, appropriate and possible, provide links to data and information from other sources such as national flood maps which can provide a higher resolution than WISE which will be more appropriate for flood mapping purposes (larger scale than 1:250.000). This chapter describes the proposed European level map. This will be derived from information reported by the Member States (further details in the next chapter) and other European level datasets available, for example from other reporting streams and INSPIRE. Within this European level viewer, the user will also be able to access Member State flood maps available as INSPIRE Network Services or links at larger zoom scales.

5.2.1

Data to be used in the maps


Section 6 details the reporting needs under this Directive. The reporting to the Commission is a combination of spatial information (GIS layers) and tabular information (xml). The European level view of the Floods hazard and risk maps will be derived from a combination of Member State submissions and other datasets available at European level, primarily from other reporting streams. To summarize though, it would be expected Member States are reporting the following: APSFR/UoM Information under the medium probability where applicable and for coastal and groundwater floods under the low probability Summary data for exposed elements (e.g. population) for relevant probability (see reporting sheet section C Data point 1-6.)

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5.3

Flood hazard and risk maps European overview


There will be a single entry point to the European flood viewer within which the user will be able to see a number of different layers. Information will be aggregated with units at appropriate scales with the aim to indicate and lead the user to areas of interest on the map. As the user zooms into the map, the information is disaggregated until detailed (reported) information used for the aggregation is visible and then beyond that the user is taken to the maps which reside on the Member State national servers. The development of the European level maps requires reported information from Member States for at least the medium probability where applicable and for coastal and groundwater floods the low probability together with data from other European level datasets (population, landcover) and other reporting streams (EPRTR, WFD protected areas). The details of how the maps will be displayed on European level is outlined in the draft map specificiation in Appendix B

5.3.1

Visualisation symbology
The symbology for features as suggested under the INSPIRE Directive will be used where available as the basis for the presentation of the information in available maps. The symbology should in all cases render the domain best practice. This symbology represents how the data under the control of WISE (ie to the 1:250,000 level) will be represented, but does not aim to dictate how the Member State flood risk maps should be rendered. However, where there is an absence of established precedent then this suggested European symbology could serve as a starting point. It is recognised presenting both the European picture along with the Member State services in the same viewer, could be confusing to the user where different symbologies are used for the same thing, or the same symbology used with different meanings. It is for this reason, map legends and metadata are critical for the development of a transparent interface to the public.

5.3.2

Map zoom-through
One of the significant features of the Flood hazard and risk maps portal at European level is the functionality utilising INSPIRE network services for more detailed maps held at Member State level to be displayed once the user zooms in beyond the WISE portal operational limit of 1:250,000. The first requirement is Member States have set-up and notified the Commission of the INSPIRE compliant network services services. Section 11 of this document details how these services should be set up. Secondly, the Commission will configure the flood portal to call these services when the 1:250,000 limit is reached. It may be the Commission will index the spatial extents of these services in order to indicate to the user at the European level exactly where they are, as coverage will not be total, particularly in the first phases. When the user does cross the 1:250,000 threshold and the Member State service will be displayed, there will be a clear, prominent and persistent notification to the user they are now seeing information which is supplied as a service. As Member States will also provide the same information within their own portals with specific context, the url to the national portal will also be clearly displayed.

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With the services it is expected a legend will also be provided and metadata, both of which will be made available to the user to ensure the context of the maps are correctly interpreted. This is critical when it is likely there will be no consistent implementation of map presentation. The Member State services should only provide the hazard and risk maps. The background maps .e.g streets, aerial etc will be provided by the European service even at large scales beyond 1:250,000.

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6.
6.1

Data content and structure for reported floods information


Overview
The purpose of this section is to describe the information which will be reported by Member States to the Commission in the following timetable: Floods Directive timeline
Subject Flood Hazard and Flood Risk Maps Main Article 6 Other Articles 13.2 Respons ibility MS To COM Report due date 22/03/14 Frequency/ Review 22/12/19, every 6 years thereafter

The reporting comprises spatial information and textual/tabular information reported via an XML schema. This section is focused on the spatial information, but covers the XML reporting because of the close relationship between the two. Full support for the reporting of the XML schema is provided in other guidance documents (Guidance document 1 and 2 available on the resource page).

6.2
6.2.1

Information to be reported
Spatial information
The Flood hazard and risk map reporting sheet, Section C, describes the geographic information requirements for this reporting. Further guidance on the maps which will be prepared at the national level is given in Chapter 8. This section deals with the spatial information required for summary maps to be produced at European level. This visualisation of these maps is described in Chapter 5 and in appendix B. The information from the schema will be displayed at UoM and APSFR level where applicable. If Member States report at APSFR level the spatial information for the APSFR is required if this has not been reported under the preliminary floods risk assessment. Member States can also choose to report the spatial information for the extents of floods under the low, medium and high probability where applicable. This data will however be aggregated at either the APSFR or UoM level for the purpose of visualization at the European level map of the FHRM. In order to provide a long term data model, the spatial information expected corresponds to the major spatial objects defined by INSPIRE Natural Risk Zones Data specifications - e.g. Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element - both vector and coverage forms.

6.2.1.1

Shapefile template for the FHRM


The template for the spatial information submitted will be a simple data model with only one attribute which will be a unique code assigned to the hazard area. Information in the schema will allow for more detailed attribute information, such as the return period the probability represents.

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Attribute name EU_CD_HP (covering EU_CD_HLP, EU_CD_HMP and EU_CD_HHP )

Obligation Mandatory

Type string (42)

Description Unique EU code of the feature within the low probability hazard area. Codes MUST have a 1-to-1 relationship with further attribute data described in the related XML file. Please notice that multi polygons are not allowed to report and should be split into separate polygons

6.2.1.2

ID management
Two spatial objects of spatial object types cannot have the same identifier. The identifier has to be unique within all the spatial objects published in WISE. The identifier cannot be used again if an object is modified. The same spatial object shall be reported always using the same identifier (e.g. monitoring stations reported to SoE, WFD, Nitrates Directive, etc).

ID Structure The following structure for a unique identifier should be used for designated probabilities. The flood probability identification shall be unique within both the MS as well as on EU level and be in accordance with the INSPIRE rules for Identifier Management defined in section 14 of D2.5 Generic Conceptual Model. At European level the following structure should be used MS = a 2 character Member State identifier, in accordance with ISO 3166-1-Alpha-2 country 1 codes ; and #1#2#22 = an up to 22 character feature identifier that is unique within the Member State. (symbol # = wildcard character (a wildcard character can be used to substitute for any other character or characters in a string)). At MS level the ISO country code can be left out of the unique identifier. According to these definitions the code for a coastal water body in Germany could look as follows:
Name MS_code EU_code Data type character character Min/max length 1-22 3-24 Example CW7596 DECW7596

Special advice given is that: The local identifier shall only use the following set of characters: {AZ, az, 09, _, ., -}, i.e. only letters from the Latin alphabet, digits, underscore, point and dash are allowed; The identifier should contain no spaces; Alphabetical characters should always be in UPPER CASE; Special characters must be avoided, such as $, !, &, , , etc; Digits should be used where practical to help avoid the above problems.

http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes.htm

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6.2.1.3

GML application schema.


Data conformant to the application schema Natural Risk Zones shall be encoded using the encoding specified and distributed with the INSPIRE data specification.

6.2.2

XML schema
The XML schema will be used for the reporting of certain summary information and data. The XML schema is used to provide structure for the reporting. The reporting schema, guidance and provided tools can be found at http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/

6.2.2.1

Schema structure overview


The XML schema is available at the above link with a separate reporting guidance. The broad structure is provided here to aid in the understanding of the reporting and linkages to the other sections in this document:

6-1 Principles of the structure of the XML reporting schema (simplified)

6.2.2.2

Summary text
The following list provides broad groupings of the information to be reported. However, in execution the schema developed has a more structured approach, breaking down the free text fields into more discrete and targeted items. This facilitates the definition of the requirement and the use of the information after reporting. 1. Summary (< 10.000 characters) on methods used to identify, assess or calculate: flooding extent (including resolution of digital terrain models); flooding probabilities (including information as to why particular probabilities have been selected) or return periods; depths or water levels; velocities or flows (where appropriate); models used, datasets, uncertainties, if and if so how, climate change has been taking into account in the mapping(article 6); Where particular flood scenarios have been omitted , a summary (< 5000 characters) information on the exclusion of particular groundwater or coastal flooding scenarios, and a justification for these decisions, including information on the justification that adequate level of protection is in place in coastal areas and where articles 6.6 and 6.7 has been applied.

2.

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3.

Summary (< 5000 characters) of methods (including criteria) used to determine, for each flood scenario, i. the indicative number of inhabitants affected (art 6.5.a), ii. the type of economic activity affected(art 6.5.b, iii. location of IPPC installations(art 6.5.c), iv. the impact on WFD protected areas (art 6.5.c); v. other information considered relevant by Member States (art 6.5.d)

4.

Summary text (<5000 characters) on how coordination at the level of the River Basin District / Unit of Management was carried out in preparing the flood maps (art 6.1), including explaining how the prior exchange of information has been assured for RBD/UoM shared between different Member States (art 6.2). Summary text (< 10.000 characters) with explanation (to be made available for the public through WISE ) on how to understand the flood maps contents, scale, purpose/use, accuracy, legends, date of publication, responsible authorities, links to further information (art 10.1). The information in this section will also be provided as part of the service metadata for the distributed services. In addition to the information provided above, Member States making use of article 13.2 shall provide summary text (< 5.000 characters) with notification of use of article 13.2, which may include summary of additional relevant information to justify that the maps provided in accordance with article 13.2 provide a level of information equivalent to the requirements of article 6.

5.

6.

6.2.2.3

Data
The following data is also included in the XML schema for reporting. The following data is MANDATORY: 1. Type of flood or floods, geo-referenced to the specific area identified in article 5 or article 13(1)(a) or (b) and optional for mechanisms and characteristics [Note: the reporting tool/format (e.g. XML schema for tabular/textual information) will provide an enumeration list of flood types, mechanisms and characteristics from which the relevant ones can be selected] 2. Probabilities assigned to each flood scenario: high; medium and low. [Note: the reporting tool (e.g. XML schema) will provide an enumeration list on how to express scenarios from which the relevant ones can be select, including the option of low probability or extreme event] There should be a 1:1 relationship with the spatial information detailed in section 6.2. The data listed below is tabular and is provided with reference to the flood scenario code delivered with the mandatory spatial information. The schema is structured to provide the linkages between the UoM/APSFR and the Flood probabilities (scenarios). 3. Geo-referenced information on potential adverse consequences associated with the particular flood scenarios expressed as in terms of indicative number of inhabitants potentially affected, [Note: the reporting tool (e.g. XML schema) will provide an enumeration types of potential adverse consequences from which the relevant options can be selected] 4. Geo-referenced information on potential adverse consequences to the different types of economic activities in the areas potentially affected in association with the particular flood

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scenarios [Note: the reporting tool (e.g. XML schema) will provide an enumeration types of potential adverse consequences from which the relevant ones can be selected] 5. Geo-referenced information on potential adverse consequences in relation to IPPC installations and affected protected areas in association with the particular flood scenarios, [Note: the reporting tool (e.g. XML schema) will provide an enumeration types of potential adverse consequences from which the relevant ones can be selected] The follow data is OPTIONAL: 6. (Optional) Geo-referenced information on potential adverse consequences to the other information the Member States considers useful in association with the particular flood scenarios, [Note: the reporting tool (e.g. XML schema) will provide an enumeration types of potential adverse consequences from which the relevant ones can be selected]

6.3

How the Commission will use the information


Section B of the reporting sheet (reference #2), states the reporting requirements under the reporting of Flood hazard and risk maps will allow the Commission to: 1 check the compliance of Member States Flood hazard maps, and flood risk maps with the requirements of the Directive, such as: 1.1 how relevant information has been considered and the methodologies used to prepare maps, and that flood hazard maps and flood risk maps contain the relevant scenarios (art 6.3) and data (art. 6.4 and 6.5); 1.2 how the potential adverse consequences have been identified and presented in flood risk maps (art 6.5); 1.3 the justifications for applying articles 6.6 (coastal areas) and 6.7 (groundwater floods) if applied 1.4 that flood hazard maps and flood risk maps are transparently made available to the public(art. 10.1); 1.5 that maps were prepared at the level of the unit of management (art 6.1); 1.6 2 3 4 5 that the preparation of the maps was subject to prior information exchange between Member States in the case of international RBDs or UoMs (art 6.2);

compare methodologies and the use of information across Member States, RBDs and UoMs and within UoM/RBD, particularly in terms of international RBDs and UoMs; assess the compliance of the use of article 13.2 in comparison with the requirements of article 6. prepare digital maps to be displayed in WISE at a European level of selected aspects of flood maps, in formats to be agreed. identify if, and if so how, climate change has been taken into account when scenarios are identified, considering that it is not a strict requirement of the Directive at the mapping stage.

Some specific information will also be provided to the public through WISE. The Commission will use the following criteria when checking the compliance of these aspects: 1 completeness of the coverage of the maps as regards Areas of potential significant flood risk and areas identified under article 13(1)(b), and the coverage as regards flood scenarios and potential adverse consequences, and other relevant factors set out in article 6, transparency of procedures, methodologies, reports and information provided to the public and to neighbouring MS in accordance with relevant articles,

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consideration of the relevant different types of floods, as relevant based on the preliminary flood risk assessment,

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7.

Maintenance
In accordance with the WISE reporting arrangements Member States can update their data submitted to WISE at any time. Member States should ensure that the latest, correct information is available in WISE since that will be used for compliance checking and publication. The quality, accuracy and validation of the information and data in WISE will be the responsibility of the Member States. Quality assurance and control processes will be carried out by the WISE partners. The Commission, the EEA or its contracted partners may contact the Member State in case there is an indication that any of the data may be erroneous or misleading. This could lead to a resubmission by the Member State.
1

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8.
8.1

Data content and structure for decentralised Flood maps


Overview
The purpose of this section is to provide an overview of the Flood hazard and risk maps Member States will prepare according to the Reporting Sheet. This section does not aim to describe how Member States should produce the maps, but the methodologies will be reported through the XML schema (See section 7). This section extends the requirements of the map with some visualisation suggestions. This is not a prescriptive list, but designed to stimulate the development of comprehensive maps. In this section, minimum guidelines are provided for the production of the flood hazard and risk maps. The content of these maps is independent of the method of delivery, but they need to be publicly available.

8.1.1

Format
As described in the reporting sheet, section C: For the first cycle, Member States can report either in an INSPIRE compatible format (decentralised system), or if not fully implemented in that Member State, hyperlinks to maps available in digital format, with geo-referenced hyperlinks which enables access from a certain area identified within WISE. For the second cycle, reporting formats/schemas shall aim at being fully INSPIRE compliant (see also section 1.3.1 and 11). The implementation of the INSPIRE Directive rules for metadata on both data and services should be operational by the end of 2013 and therefore fully implemented when the reporting deadline for nd the flood hazard and risk map are due on the 22 of December 2013. The technical solution (web services) for providing national floods maps should in addition also be in line with the Implementing Rules for INSPIRE Network Services (Discovery, View, Download, Transform) Commission Regulation (EC) No 976/2009. However for the first reporting cycle the Member States FHRM can also be made available through PDF, a Member State national webGIS or as national level web mapping services. Web mapping services mean the maps can be integrated into other web applications which the provider has no control over. In the context of the Floods Directive mapping, this would be a European level map hosted by the Commission which would allow the user to zoom from the European overview map to more detailed information within the same application. In order to achieve a system where from an EU-map that 'allows the user to select an area from the EU-wide WISE background map, and then via hyperlink established in WISE, to switch and to zoom into the correct area at MS level' then Member States should deliver these maps as web services. The reporting in the first cycle, or stage 1, should as far as reasonably possible be INSPIRE compliant. The relevant INSPIRE regulation is for Network Services. Member States shall provide the Network Services in conformity with this IR no later than 9 November 2011. Chapter 11 sets out the guidance for delivery of electronic maps as INSPIRE Network Services. If MS only present their maps as PDFs or within their own web-gis portals, then this zoom through will not be possible and only a hyperlink, supplied by the MS and indicated in the viewer for the user to switch to the MS system.

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8.1.2

Organisation of Maps
This section lists the maps according to the Reporting Sheet, in order to provide discrete guidance for each map. However, it is not necessary the maps are published in such a manner. It is the Member States discretion on how to combine different maps into a single output.

8.1.3

INSPIRE
Under each map, an 'INSPIRE linkage' section indicates where potential data sources described under INSPIRE could be used in the map development. It is important to establish the linkages in this section to the development of the existing Annex I specifications and to Annex II and III. Therefore in the production of the Flood hazard and risk maps the long term view is being taken to propose the implementation of INSPIRE at an early stage in order to streamline the transition of Floods hazard and risk maps to INSPIRE compliance.

Selected elements of INSPIRE Roadmap (reproduced in part from reference #5, see also http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/index.cfm/pageid/44) The INSPIRE Directive is implemented in various stages, with a full implementation by 2020.

Topic

Specification starts 2008 2009

Adoption of IR

Discovery and View services Download and Transformation services Annex I Annex II and III
Table Notes: 1. 2.

19-Oct-2009 12-Jun-2012

Implementation deadline for the Member States 09-Nov-2011 28-Dec-2012

2008 2010

23-Nov-2010 2013

23-Nov-2013 2 23-Nov-2017 1 Sept-2015 2 Sept-2020

For newly collected and extensively restructured spatial data sets For other (not newly collected or extensively restructured) spatial data sets

8.2

Maps
The reporting sheet ([2], section C) lists the following mandatory geographical information: 1. Flood hazard maps showing the extent of flooding associated with the flooding scenarios (high , medium , low probability floods ) at the appropriate scale, including water depth or water level and where appropriate the flow velocity or relevant water flow , for the areas identified under article 5 or article 13(1)(a) or (b) (art 6.3 and 6.4); 2. Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the indicative number of inhabitants potentially affected under the flood scenarios (art 6.5(a)); 3. Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the type of economic activity of the area potentially affected under the flood scenario (art 6.5(b));

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4. Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the location of installations which might cause accidental pollution in case of flooding and potentially affected areas identified in WFD Annex IV(1)(i) (iii) and (v) the flooding scenarios (art 6.5(c));

Optional geographic information The reporting sheet lists the following optional geographical information: 1. 2. 3. Areas vulnerable to floods with a high content of transported sediment and debris flows for each flood scenario (art 6.5(d)). The location of other significant sources of pollution, including the areas potentially affected where possible (art 6.5(d)). Maps with other information that Member States may consider useful (art 6.5 (d) (examples may be , flood event maps, flood damage maps, maps or areas benefiting from protection against flooding, evacuation maps, maps relating to other potential natural or manmade hazards, etc Maps showing coastal areas where adequate level of protection is in place, and where article 6.6 will be applied (NB: IF article 6.6 is applied, this map is mandatory).

4.

8.3

Map context
According to the recommendations from the Excimap (reference #1), these maps are to be made available at the national level and it is important to note for interpretation they should all be accompanied by the following in some capacity. Information that is important for use and that explain the content of the map includes: Title: brief description of the map, including its content and / or purpose (for flood maps particularly important are the considered probabilities or recurrence intervals Responsible authority (organisation responsible for the development and publishing of the maps, with contact details) Date of preparation / publication Legend (textual description of symbols, colours, line features, etc.) Purpose of development and intended use Method of development Limitations of map and / or assessment of uncertainty (if available) Disclaimer (to enforce explanatory information and limitations, and provide legal protection to the responsible authority against adverse consequences of misuse) North and scale: preferably using scale bar as this allows for changes in page size

The scope and detail of the explanatory information should be appropriate to the intended audience. Maps intended for public use should be simple and self-explanatory and include a clear legend, such that as little supporting or explanatory information as possible is required for correct interpretation.

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This information is already defined within the reporting sheet as a single text field (reporting data 6.2.2.2 item 5) and will made available through the view service metadata (see section 11).

8.3.1

Methodologies to be reported
In the preparation of these maps, the Commission expects to receive the information below which summarises the process adopted by the Member State in the production of these maps. Further details on the reporting schema can be found in section 6.2.2.2.

8.4
8.4.1

Map 1: Flood hazard map and probabilities


Rationale
Flood hazard maps must show the geographical area which could be flooded under different scenarios (art. 6.3), whereas flood risk maps must show the potential adverse consequences of these flood scenarios (article 6.5). The flood maps must be prepared for the following flooding scenarios: (a) (b) (c) floods with low probability, or extreme event scenarios; flood with a medium probability (likely return period 100 years); floods with a high probability, where appropriate.

Members States have flexibility to assign specific flood probabilities to these scenarios. For each scenario, Members State must prepare information of flood extents and water depth or levels (art 6.4). Where appropriate, Members States could also prepare information on flow velocities or the relevant water flow. The flood depth maps show the water depth in the flooded area. They are based on the flood extent maps after the determination of the water extent, in this boundaries is calculated the water depth. They are produced for the same return periods as the flood extent maps. The depth is given in centimetres or meters, as it is appropriate.

8.4.2

Visualisation suggestions
This map service will available this information either as multiple layers. 1. Extent of flooding will be represented with polygons. Usually in the practice flood extent is displayed with blue colour and the scale depends on the area. 2. Water depth or levels will be expressed in meters using the ranges and colours following a single flood event (e.g. 100-year)

8.4.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element - both vector and coverage forms

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8.5
8.5.1

Map 2: Flood risk map and population


Rationale
Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the indicative number of inhabitants potentially affected under the probability (art 6.5(a));

8.5.2

Visualisation suggestions
For this map it would be expected a layer would be provided which classifies the probabilities according to the population. Probabilities classified according to type of consequence human health (reference #4): Human Health: Adverse consequences to human health, either as immediate or consequential impacts, such as might arise from pollution or interruption of services related to water supply and treatment, and would include fatalities. Community: Adverse consequences to the community, such as detrimental impacts on local governance and public administration, emergency response, education, health and social work facilities (such as hospitals). Other

8.5.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element Population distribution - demography Human health and safety

8.6
8.6.1

Map 3: Flood risk map and economic activity


Rationale
Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the type of economic activity of the area potentially affected under the probability (art 6.5(b));

8.6.2

Visualisation suggestions
Land use classification. Point locations for storage of chemicals, vital networks and services (highways, railways, airport, lifeline services like electricity, sewerage and drinking water, hospitals, etc). Critical infrastructure, unless classified information. Probability classified according to type of consequence - economic (reference #4): Property: Adverse consequences to property, which could include homes Infrastructure: Adverse consequences to infrastructural assets such as utilities, power generation, transport, storage and communication. Economic Activity: Adverse consequences to sectors of economic activity, such as manufacturing, construction, retail, services and other sources of employment. (see reference #4, note v) Other

Probabilities classified according to type of consequence cultural heritage (reference #4):

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Cultural Assets: Adverse permanent or long-term consequences to cultural heritage, which could include archaeological sites / monuments, architectural sites, museums, spiritual sites, and buildings. Landscape Other

8.6.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element Hydrography such as hydro facilities Land use Industrial and production facilities Agricultural and Aqua-cultural facilities Utility and government services Transport networks Buildings

8.7
8.7.1

Map 4a: Flood risk map and environment: installations


Rationale
Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the location of installations as referred to in Annex I to Council Directive 2008/1/EC (codified version of Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996) concerning integrated pollution prevention and control which might cause accidental pollution in case of flooding.

8.7.2

Visualisation suggestions
For this map it would be expected the minimum the Member State will show is what has been reported under the EPRTR, but it is expected they have more detailed information. This layer will show point locations of installations (for a specific industrial activity or NACE code) as they are reported under the E-PRTR Directive Point locations of UWWT plants Probabilities classified according to type of consequence - environment (reference #4): Pollution Sources: Sources of potential pollution in the event of a flood, such as IED and Seveso installations, or point or diffuse sources.

8.7.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element Industrial and production facilities Hydrography

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8.8
8.8.1

Map 4b: Flood risk map and environment: WFD protected areas
Rationale
Flood risk maps showing the potential adverse consequences expressed in terms of the location of potentially affected WFD protected areas identified in Annex IV(1)(i), (iii) and (v) to Directive 2000/60/EC.

8.8.2

Visualisation suggestions
For this map it would be expected the minimum the Member State will show is what has been reported under the WFD, but it is expected they have more detailed information. The WFD information referred to is the following: 1. Areas designated for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption under Article 7 of the WFD; 2. Recreational waters and Bathing waters 3. Areas designated for the protection of habitats or species.

Probabilities classified according to type of consequence - environment (reference #4): Waterbody Status: Adverse permanent or long-term consequences ecological or chemical status of surface water bodies or chemical status of ground water bodies affected, as of concern under the WFD. Such consequences may arise from pollution from various sources (point and diffuse) or due to hydromorphological impacts of flooding. Protected Areas: Adverse permanent or long-term consequences to protected areas or waterbodies such as those designated under the Birds and Habitats Directives, bathing waters or drinking water abstraction points. Other: Other potential permanent or long-term adverse environmental impacts, such as those on soil, biodiversity, flora and fauna, etc.

8.8.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element Protected Sites

8.9
8.9.1

Map 5: Flood risk map and other vulnerability information (optional)


Rationale
Areas vulnerable to floods with a high content of transported sediment and debris flows for each probability (art 6.5(d)) This map would be derived from firstly an analysis of flow velocity, a map product in itself. Therefore the flood hazard is represented by the the velocity at a particular location. . (Flow velocity is highly localized information which can be represented at a detailed scale)

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8.9.2

Visualisation suggestions
Vulnerable areas delineated Probability classified by vulnerable areas

8.9.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element

8.10
8.10.1

Map 6: Other significant sources of pollution (optional)


Rationale
The location of other significant sources of pollution, including the areas potentially affected where possible (art 6.5(d)).

8.10.2

Visualisation suggestions
Other significant sources as points or polygons on the map. Probabilities classified according to other significant sources of pollution.

8.10.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element

8.11
8.11.1

Map 7: Other useful information (optional)


Rationale
Maps with other information that Member States may consider useful (art 6.5 (d) (examples may be , flood event maps, flood damage maps, maps or areas benefiting from protection against flooding, evacuation maps, maps relating to other potential natural or manmade hazards, etc

8.11.2 8.11.3

Visualisation suggestions
In any interpretation

INSPIRE linkage
MS dependant

8.12
8.12.1

Map 8: Coastal protection (optional)


Rationale
Maps showing coastal areas where adequate level of protection is in place, and where article 6.6 will be applied. This map should only be developed for the extreme flood extents.

8.12.2

Visualisation suggestions
Polygons or lines marking the coastal areas where protection is in place. These can be polygons or lines which demark the protection. Mark the protection with a point or line on the map and the area that is protected with a hatched area. The area protected would be the flood extent for the most extreme event which the defence is built against (protection grade).

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8.12.3

INSPIRE linkage
Natural risk zones Observed Event, Hazard Area, Risk Zone and Exposed Element Hydrography

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9.
9.1
9.1.1

Data production
Spatial resolution
Scale
Member States are recommended not to simplify spatial data before submitting to WISE for reporting. The accuracy of the data should however be documented in the metadata so the simplification process performed in WISE during e.g. reference data production can respect the original accuracy. Considering both the WISE needs and the practical constraints of data availability, the GIS Working Group recommends that the required positional accuracy for reported data should be better than 125 metres (1:250 000). The positional accuracy should always be kept as high as possible and ideally be similar to the national operational datasets.

9.1.2

Positional accuracy
This quality sub-element shows the closeness of reported coordinate values to values accepted as or being true. All spatial objects should be provided at the source accuracy where possible. Where more than one geometry is available at the source, the provided geometry should be the one with the highest spatial detail; i.e. a surface geometry is provided where both surface and point geometry is available or where both surface and linear geometry is available. Considering both the WISE needs and the practical constraints of data availability, it is recommended that the required positional accuracy for reported data is set to a minimum of 125 metres (corresponding to a scale of 1:250.000) and a maximum of 500 meters (corresponding to a scale of 1:1.000.000). The positional accuracy should however always be kept as high as possible and ideally be to the same as the national operational datasets. For more information see Chapter 5.1, WISE GIS guidance document, second edition.

9.2

Spatial representation
Please refer to section 7 for the spatial representation of the different information.

9.3

Coordinate reference system


Data should be delivered in the spheroid coordinates (decimal degrees) in the geodetic datum ETRS-89 (EPGS code 3035) http://www.epsg-registry.org/) and follow the INSPIRE requirements for coordinate reference systems (see section 6 of the INSPIRE data specifications). At national level, a series of different coordinate reference systems is used. It is essential that conversion from a national coordinate reference system is done with care. If conversion is not done correctly data will lose positional accuracy. Proper transformation routines have to be observed. The National Mapping Agencies (NMA) (or comparable institutions and organisations) have provided the information for the descriptions of the national Coordinate Reference Systems and for the transformation parameters between the national Coordinate Reference Systems and the European Coordinate Reference System ETRS89. Formulae can be requested from the NMAs or are directly accessible at http://crs.bkg.bund.de/crs-eu/

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The transformation between national systems and the European coordinate reference system is done using the agreed transformation parameters for different countries (see the link above).

9.4

Trans-boundary flood mapping for reported information


Transboundary flood objects should be harmonised with the respective neighbouring countries where applicable. Appendix B of the INSPIRE document D2.6 Methodology for the development of Data specifications provides recommendation regarding the geometric harmonisation of linear and polygon features across borders (edge matching). The hydrographic network data should be edge-matched, reconciled and maintained across state borders by the respective authorities. In considering reconciliation across state borders, the respective authorities should seek to fully resolve the positional alignment that minimises positional deficiencies. Positional deficiencies require repeated manual interval in updates and/or detract from the use of the data in applications. Wherever a feature crosses a border it is recommended that the parties holding the source data for this feature across the border make arrangements for the geometry to be the same across the border, i.e. that at the same level of detail - no surface geometry meets a point or line geometry.

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10. Data exchange format for submitted information


10.1 Formats
Polygon features are reported both as shapefiles and in form of XML documents. XML documents again have their schema and the simple guidelines for shapefiles are: A valid shapefile is a set of 4 files: geometry (*.shp), index (*.shx), attributes (*.dbf) and projection (*.prj) All 4 files MUST have the same (meaningful) file name (case sensitive), plus the above-mentioned file name suffixes (the latter ones either in lower or in UPPER case, but not in MiXeD case) There must be 1 feature attribute in the dbf file for the unique identifier (see respective shapefile templates) Unique feature identifiers in the dbf file MUST have a 1-to-1 relationship with further attribute data described in the related XML file In order to facilitate further data processing, shapefiles shall be uncompressed inside Reportnet envelopes. If your shapefile is in ZIP format, make use of Reportnet's "Upload zipfile" function, which will uncompress your ZIP archive, before adding the files into the envelope When in doubt, or in case of questions please contact HelpdeskWISEreprting@atkinsglobal.com or helpdesk@eionet.europa.eu

10.1.1

GML
GML is primarily for use in web services (INSPIRE download service). Member States may use this delivery mechanism as an alternative to submitting shape files through ReportNet. The GML application schemas can be downloaded from the INSPIRE portal http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/draftschemas/

10.2

Naming of files
When uploading files it is required that the file naming has the following structure: [Country ID]_[UOM]_ [probability]_[Date] Country ID (ISO code ) UOM code Date: this should be the date of data submission (Upload date) YYYYMMDD
1

Example: AT_AT1000_probability_20121231

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10.3

Data upload
Data submission is through the ReportNet Central Data Repository (CDR) http://cdr.eea.europa.eu. Full submission instructions are detailed in Section 5 of the Floods Directive reporting - A user manual [5]. An eionet login is required. Data shall be uploaded into CDR no later than 2014-03-22.

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11. Data exchange format for decentralised information


11.1 Overview
The previous sections have dealt with the content and appearance of the flood hazard and risk maps. This section focuses on how to make these maps available in a standard way. The detailed and reference data for the flood hazard maps and flood risk maps shall rest in the national repositories for these maps (the decentralised approach), with web-links to these maps provided. The web-links should be set up in a way which allows the user to select an area from the EU-wide WISE background map, and then via hyperlink established in WISE, to switch and to zoom into the correct area at MS level. It would be expected the Member States provide their own portal for serving the flood information in the context they wish along with any other relevant information. This will satisfy the public access requirement of the Directive. In order for the maps to be shown through WISE, this section deals with the technical format which the flood risk maps should be made available through an url. This is also integral to the delivery of flood maps in the second cycle and for those Member States who can do so in the first cycle.

11.2

INSPIRE
This section is about the implementation of INSPIRE view services. It is therefore drawn from the technical guidance (reference #3) adding only context specific to the delivery of Flood maps, which is mainly in the service metadata. Key points from the introduction of the technical specification: INSPIRE Network Services allow users and computer programs to view spatial datasets. Following the INSPIRE Technical Guidance will ensure that INSPIRE Network Services are implemented in a consistent and compatible way across Europe. It is based on European and international standards, current practices in related stakeholder communities and relevant European initiatives such as e-Government, and the EU Interoperability Framework. INSPIRE specifies requirements and recommendations based on the European de jure standard Web Map Service (WMS) 1.3.0. It defines an INSPIRE Profile to implement the following operations: Get View Services Metadata: Get metadata about a specific view service; Get Map: Returns a map for a specified area; Link View Service: Allows the linking of view services together.

11.3

WMS
This section describes how to deliver images of flood hazard and risk maps over the Internet as an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Mapping Service (WMS). In the context of INSPIRE, these are known as View services.

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This guidance does not detail how to set up a WMS using software, but to provide the standard requirements for a Floods Directive conformant WMS.

11.4

WMS profile
The intention is that there will be several services per Member State. Each service will serve one or more layers, which may be of different scale and/or of different geographical extent. The WMS profile sets out a naming mechanism to ensure uniqueness across service names and layer names, whilst maintaining human readability. The profile is essentially two parts. The first is the service-level elements and the second part is the elements which describe the layers. The following describes the metadata which is required for the service to be compliant with INSPIRE. The elements would be returned in XML format with a GetCapabilities request on the service. It could also be the service is described in a metadata document which is independent of the service. This metadata structure is described in section 10 of this document. This stand-alone metadata would be developed for the purposes of Discovery.

11.5
11.5.1

WMS service metadata


WMS service name
For WMS 1.3.0 fixed as 'WMS'

11.5.2

WMS service title


The title is a composite in order to be informative and unique [ISO country code] [ISO 639 language code]* [Floods hazard maps] [ISO country code] [ISO 639 language code]* [Floods risk maps]

*the language code is not required if the service is provided in the default language, English. e.g. DK Flood hazard risk maps

11.5.3

WMS service URL


[ISO country code]_[ISO 639 language code]*_[Floods_hazard_maps] [ISO country code]_[ISO 639 language code]*_[Floods_risk_maps] The web service url is based upon the web service title it should be identical except all spaces in the tile should be substituted with an underscore ('_'). e.g.if ArcGIS Server is providing the service: http://www.someurl.dk//ArcGIS/services/DK_Flood_hazard_risk_maps/MapServer/WMSServer?

11.5.4

Additional WMS service metadata


INSPIRE Metadata elements (M-Mandatory C-Conditional) Description or suggested text

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Resource Abstract (M)

Resource Type (M) Resource Locator (C) Coupled Resource (C)

Spatial Data Service Type (M) Keyword (M)

Geographic Bounding Box (M) Temporal Reference (M)

Spatial Resolution (C) Conformity (M)

Conditions for Access and Use (M) Limitations on Public Access (M) Responsible Organisation (M)

Flood hazard and risk maps for the purpose of the Floods Directive. Flood hazard maps must show the geographical area which could be flooded under different probabilities (art. 6.3 of the Directive), whereas flood risk maps must show the potential adverse consequences of these probabilities (article 6.5 of the Directive). The flood maps must be prepared for the following probabilities: a) floods with low probability, or extreme event; b) flood with a medium probability (likely return period 100 years) c) floods with a high probability, where appropriate. service Uniform Resource Locator(s) (URL) to the service as described in section 9.4.3 If the underlying datasets used in the service are also publicly available, then this element provides for the input of the URL to the resource. WMS Keywords to describe the service. The INSPIRE Metadata Regulation [INS MD] mandates that in the case of spatial data services at least one keyword from the "Classification of Spatial data Services" (Part D.4 from INS MD] shall be provided. 'Floods Directive, Bounding box for the full service probably country level. Note: each layer also has a bounding box. Date of publication, date of last revision, or the date of creation. Date of last revision is preferred. The date shall be expressed YYYY-MM-DD Not required conformant or not conformant or not evaluated. Citation of the implementing rules adopted under Article 7(1) of Directive 2007/2/EC or other specification to which a particular resource conforms. no conditions apply None Description of the organisation responsible for the establishment, management, maintenance and distribution of the resource. The organisation responsible for the creation and maintenance of the metadata. The date when the INSPIRE View Service metadata was created or updated. The update date is preferred. The date shall be expressed YYYY-MM-DD. Codelist ISO 639-2

Metadata Point of Contact (M) Metadata Date (M)

Metadata Language (M)

11.6

WMS Layer metadata


Floods Directive reporting is layer-level based, rather than service-level based. It is therefore important to add as much metadata as possible to each of the layers. Even if most of your metadata is the same for your layers and for your service, you should replicate that data in the layer metadata. The layer name and title are composites of certain information Geographic extent in this context will be the country code or the UoM code

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Language as above Theme will be chosen from the ExposedElementCategoryValue, annex C of the INSPIRE Natural Risk Zones Data specification [11] with the below additional themes to choose (Editorial note: This enumeration will be extended over time) probability depthheight velocity velocitydepth

11.6.1

Layer title
This is the human readable format of the layer title. The following options are available. It is possible to extend this naming using the following: [to be further developed] [Geographic extent] [Language] [Scale] [Theme]

11.6.2

Layer name
The layer name is based upon the layer title it should be identical except all spaces in the tile should be substituted with an underscore ('_'). [to be further developed] [Geographic extent]_ [Language]_[Scale]_[Theme]

11.6.3

Additional WMS layer metadata


INSPIRE Metadata elements (M-Mandatory C-Conditional) Resource Abstract (M) Description or suggested text

Keyword (M)

Geographic Bounding Box (M) Unique resource identifier Coordinate Reference System

Flood hazard and risk maps for the purpose of the Floods Directive. Flood hazard maps must show the geographical area which could be flooded under different probabilities (art. 6.3 of the Directive), whereas flood risk maps must show the potential adverse consequences of these probabilities (article 6.5 of the Directive). The flood maps must be prepared for the following probabilities: a) floods with low probability, or extreme event; b) flood with a medium probability (likely return period 100 years) c) floods with a high probability, where appropriate. Keywords to describe the service. The INSPIRE Metadata Regulation [INS MD] mandates that in the case of spatial data services at least one keyword from the "Classification of Spatial data Services" (Part D.4 from INS MD] shall be provided. 'Floods Directive, The minimum bounding rectangle of the area covered by the Layer in all supported CRS shall be given. List of Coordinate Reference Systems in which the layer is available: coordinate reference system as defined in Annex I of the INSPIRE Directive. It is mandatory to use
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Styles

LegendURL

geographical coordinate system based on ETRS89 in continental Europe. The value of the CRS parameter depends on the coordinate reference systems catalogue being used, for example, using EPSG repository (http://www.epsg.org/), the relevant code would be: EPSG:4258 List of the rendering styles available for the layer. A style shall be composed of a title and a unique identifier. A legend shall be provided for each style. Location of the legend for each style. It is recommended to use "image/png" or "image/gif" mime types for a legend. If you are using the latest version of MapServer or ESRI ArcGIS server, this will be created for you automatically using the inbuilt SLD capability.

11.7

GetMap request parameters


The GetMap operation returns a map. Upon receiving a GetMap request, a WMS shall either satisfy the request or issue a service exception.

The GetMap request is georeferencing the returned image at least by the use of the layers, Bounding box and Coordinate Reference Request parameter VERSION=1.3.0 REQUEST=GetMap LAYERS=name,name Description Request version Request name Comma-separated list of one or more map layers names. Names are harmonized INSPIRE layers names. Comma-separated list of one rendering style per layer requested. When the STYLES parameter is left blank in the GetMap request, the INSPIRE default styling applies in the GetMap response to all layers Coordinate reference system In order to have overlapping services Bounding box corners (lower left, upper right) in CRS units and in the axis order of the CRS Width in pixels of map picture Height in pixels of map picture Output format of map. At least supported : Portable Network Graphics format (PNG; MIME type"image/png") or the GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) without LZW compression (MIME type "image/gif")

STYLES=name,name

CRS=namespace:identifier Transparency=TRUE BBOX=minx,miny,maxx,maxx

WIDTH=output_width HEIGHT=output_height FORMAT=output_format

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12. Metadata
12.1 WISE metadata profile
Metadata is information and documentation which describes the content, quality, origin etc. and makes data understandable and shareable between users and receivers over time. The metadata for both data sets and services should follow the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1205/2008 of 3 December 2008. The information which should be provided for all spatial data sets reported in relation to the Floods Directive and additional updates to previous spatial data sets are to be found in the table in Appendix A. Further information on both mandatory and optional metadata elements of the WISE profile which is an extension of the INSPIRE regulation - can be found in both Chapter 5.5 and Appendix 1 11 in the GIS Guidance . Metadata should be reported using the WISE profile. Appendix 11 of the GIS Guidance provides guidance on the implementation of the profile in XML. Geographic data submitted to WISE will not be accepted without the proper metadata as specified in the WISE metadata profile.

12.2

Metadata creation
The authoring and editing of metadata in WISE can be done in a number of ways including the use of a metadata editor, capable of outputting metadata according to the recognised WISE metadata XML schema. This can be carried out directly (i.e. if the tool can be configured to export according to this schema), or indirectly (i.e. using XSL transformations to map from the native XML schema of the specific tool to the WISE XML schema). A dedicated WISE metadata webbased entry page, with basic client-side validation does not exist at present time. Until a metadata editor is released by WISE, the suggested workaround is to make use of the XML example which can be found at this url: http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200060ec/resources/WISE%20MetadataProfile%20guidan ce%20example%20v1.xml This example was produced using the INSPIRE metadata editor and then the WISE specific elements added manually afterwards. The WISE elements are marked in the document with comments. The XML uses the example elements from the metadata table in Appendix A.1 No XML Schema for developing WISE metadata will be released.

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13. Data access and constraints


The MS have in the Guidance on practical arrangements for electronic reporting to WISE agreed on the access rights for data submitted to WISE. The access rights to data submitted to WISE are already agreed with Member States and appear 2 in the WISE reporting arrangements . Annex 1 of the Paper specifies the WISE spatial data policy data use and data distribution.
1

13.1

Data usage
The Commission and the EEA are authorised to use the geographic data in the context of environmental policy definition, implementation, assessment and analysis as geographic reference, i.e. creating a geographical context for other data; for the production of maps, publications, posters, presentations, web sites and any other electronic publication on the Internet. Electronic publication will be in the form of image maps; for spatial and statistical analysis; for deriving new geographic datasets by applying data manipulation procedures, e.g. combining different geographic datasets, generalisation procedures including smoothing and 3. dropping of spatial features and adding new attribute information for inclusion of the geographic data in other applications provided that it will not be possible to extract the original geographic data.

13.2

Data Distribution
The Commission and the EEA are authorised to distribute geographic data, if the source is acknowledged and, the data is not used for commercial purpose unless approved by the provider - and, the data provider has not explicitly restricted their dissemination beyond what specified at point 2

Category 1: Internal use within Commission and EEA, publication as maps on paper or in electronic format as image maps. Category 2: Distribution of derived data and products under predefined conditions with the aim of decreasing the spatial accuracy or resolution of the geographic data. Category 3: Distribution of original data electronically as feature service or on physical support.

Guidance on practical arrangement for electronic reporting to the Water Information System for Europe (WISE). WISE reporting arrangements. Final document (01.03.2007). http://eea.eionet.europa.eu/Public/irc/eionet-circle/eionettelematics/library?l=/technical_developments/various_items/reporting_arrangements/_EN_1.0_&a=d Guidance on practical arrangement for electronic reporting to the Water Information System for Europe (WISE); WISE REPORTING ARRANGEMENTS ; Final Document (01/03/2007) 3 Examples of derived geographic data are the Main Rivers map
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Furthermore it is specified in this paper that the metadata related to the geographic data and the derived geographic data will be distributed via a data catalogue service within the Commission, the EEA and to the public without any restrictions.

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14. Coordination and organisation


14.1 Helpdesk
The EEA will provide a content related helpdesk for questions related to these reporting rules and procedures which will be informed related to the WISE data flow concerned. EEA will provide a central helpdesk for all technical questions. The EEA may delegate these tasks to contracted partners. The contact details of the WISE technical help desk are: Phone: +32 2714 87 87 from Monday through Friday 9:00 to 17:00 CET Email: Web page: helpdesk@eionet.europa.eu http://nmc.eionet.europa.eu/

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15. Reporting documents and links


[1] [2] [3] Atlas of Flood Maps, EXCIMAP, 2007 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/flood_risk/flood_atlas/ Reporting sheets for the Flood hazard maps and flood risk maps, European Commission 2010 Technical guidance for the implementation for INSPIRE View services http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Network_Services/TechnicalGuidance_ViewServic es_v3.1.pdf Draft List of flood types and list of consequences, v5 https://circabc.europa.eu/faces/jsp/extension/wai/navigation/container.jsp?FormPrincipal:_id cl=FormPrincipal:_id3&FormPrincipal_SUBMIT=1&id=e42d1331-4f07-4c45-8a6faf19279c4404&javax.faces.ViewState=rO0ABXVyABNbTGphdmEubGFuZy5PYmplY3Q7kM 5YnxBzKWwCAAB4cAAAAAN0AAIxM3B0ACsvanNwL2V4dGVuc2lvbi93YWkvbmF2aWdhd Glvbi9jb250YWluZXIuanNw Relationships between EU water policies and INSPIRE activities and implementation: Background information note CIS Strategic coordination group, NERI (Michael Stjernholm), 2009, Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). Guidance Document No 22 Updated Guidance on Implementing the Geographical Information System (GIS) Elements of the EU Water policy. 17. November 2008. https://circabc.europa.eu/sd/d/d5a9cbcd-e693-483f-a76d5b64b8f80311/WISE%20GIS%20guidance-No22-%202nd%20edition%20Nov__08.pdf [7] Guidance on practical arrangement for electronic reporting to the Water Information System for Europe (WISE). WISE reporting arrangements. Final document (01.03.2007). http://eea.eionet.europa.eu/Public/irc/eionet-circle/eionettelematics/library?l=/technical_developments/various_items/reporting_arrangements/_EN_1. 0_&a=d [8] [9] INSPIRE. http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ INSPIRE Data Specification on Hydrography Guidelines. http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_ HY_v3.0.pdf "INSPIRE Metadata Implementing Rules: Technical Guidelines based on EN ISO 19115 and EN ISO 19119 (Version 1.2)

[4]

[5]

[6]

[10]

[11] INSPIRE Natural Risk Zones: http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_ NZ_v3.0rc3.pdf [12] INSPIRE Area management / restriction / regulation zones and reporting units: http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_ AM_v3.0rc3.pdf

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Appendix A

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A.1

Description and specification of metadata elements for the reporting of the geographic information.
For further information about metadata element description and definition see Appendix 11 of Guidance Document No. 22: Updated Guidance on Implementing the Geographical Information System (GIS) Elements of the EU Water policy and Technical Guidelines (V1.2) for INSPIRE Metadata. In addition 5 metadata elements are introduced in the EC Regulation (1089/2010) for interoperability of spatial data sets and services (Annex I).

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Element Name

Description

Condition

Value Domain

Recommended input

Example

IDENTIFICATION
1.1 Resource title This is a characteristic, and often-unique, name by which the resource is known. This is a brief narrative summary of the content of the resource This is the type of resource described by the metadata Mandatory Free text See section 8.1of this guidance document for a list of feature types Mandatory Free text Derived from the type of information being reported and the place [Feature type] [Country]

1.2 Resource abstract

1.3 Resource type

Mandatory

MD_ScopeCode CodeList (see Annex B of ISO 19115 for full list) Dataset Series (if reporting multiple files e.g by Protected Area type)

1.4 Resource locator

The resource locator defines the link(s) to the resource and/or the link to additional information about the resource A value uniquely identifying the resource

Mandatory if a URL is available to obtain more information on the resource, and/or access related services Mandatory

Character string expressed by a URL

1.5 Unique resource identifier

MD_identifier (ISO 19115) Character string + character string namespace

Identification of the authority providing the resource + identification of the dataset = name of the dataset [ISO 3166 country
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1.6 Coupled resource

Identification of the target spatial data set(s) of the services through their Unique Resources Identifiers (URI) The language(s) used within the resource

Mandatory if linkage to the service is available

MD_DataIdentification (ISO 19115) Character string code + character string namespace Codelist ISO 639-2 The list of codes for the 23 official EU languages is: Bulgarian bul Czech cze Danish dan Dutch dut English eng Estonian est Finnish fin French fre German ger Greek gre Hungarian hun Irish gle Italian ita Latvian lav Lithuanian lit Maltese mlt Polish pol Portuguese por Romanian rum Slovak slo Slovenian slv Spanish spa Swedish swe

code]_[RiverBasinDistrict (MS_CD)]_GWB_[date of submission/upload date] Not applicable to dataset and dataset series.

1.7 Resource language

Mandatory if the resource includes textual information

dan

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CLASSIFICATION OF SPATIAL DATASETS & SERIES


2.1 Topic category High-level classification scheme Mandatory MD_TopicCategoryCod e (ISO 19115) Enumeration (see B.5.2.27 of ISO 19115) 2.2 Spatial data service type This is a classification to assist in the search of available spatial data services Mandatory Part D.3 of the MD IR Not applicable to dataset and dataset series. 012 (inlandWaters)

012 (inlandWaters)

KEYWORDS
3.1 Keyword value A commonly used word, formalized word or phrase used to describe the subject Spatial data set or spatial data set series: at least one keyword from GEMET Free text WISE recommendations: http://converters.eionet.europa.eu /xmlfile/WISE_metadata_keywords _1.xml GEMET: http://www.eionet.europa.eu/gem et Not applicable to dataset and dataset series.

Spatial data service: at least one keyword from Part D.4 of the MD IR 3.2 Originating controlled vocabulary The citation of the originating controlled vocabulary shall include at least its title and a reference date (publication, last revision or creation) Mandatory if the keyword originates from a Controlled vocabulary

Part D.4 of the MD IR

Free text + date

GEMET - Concepts, version 2.1, 2008-06-13 http://www.eionet.europa.eu/ge met

GEMET - Concepts, version 2.1, 200806-13 http://www.eionet.europa.eu/gemet

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

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4.1 Geographic bounding box

Extent of the resource in the geographic space

Spatial data set or spatial data set series: Mandatory

Decimal degrees with at least two decimals 180.00 westBoundLongitude 180.00 -180.00 eastBoundLongitude 180.00 -90.00 southBoundLatitude northBoundLatitude southBoundLatitude northBoundLatitude 90.00

-81.80 93.20 71.92 -29.86

Spatial data service: Mandatory for services with an explicit geographic extent

Decimal degrees with at least two decimals

Not applicable to dataset and dataset series.

TEMPORAL REFERENCE
5.1 Temporal extent Time period covered by the resource as an individual date, an interval of dates or a mix of both At least one of the metadata elements referred to points 5.1 to 5.4 Date ISO 8601 Provide the period covered by the spatial data reported. The period should be defined by the planning period the groundwater bodies are valid, e.g. RBMP period 2009-2015. The input of this element is required Date ISO 8601 Provide the date of the reporting deadline of the period specified with Metadata element 5.1.

From 2006-03-22 to 2010-03-22

5.2 Date of publication

Date of publication or entry into force of the resource

At least one of the metadata elements referred to

2010-03-22

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points 5.1 to 5.4 5.3 Date of last revision Date of last revision of the resource At least one of the metadata elements referred to points 5.1 to 5.4 Date ISO 8601

The input of this element is required Provide the date of the revision of the dataset; in case of the first data upload for the period specified with Metadata element 5.1 the Date of last revision = Date of publication. [(1) example below]. The input of this element is required.

2010-03-22

5.4 Date of creation

Date of creation of the resource

At least one of the metadata elements referred to points 5.1 to 5.4

Date ISO 8601

Optional element

QUALITY & VALIDITY


6.1 Lineage Statement on process history and/or overall quality of the spatial data set Level of detail of the dataset: it shall be expressed as a set of zero to many resolution distances or equivalent scales Mandatory Free text The required input for the element Lineage is described below

6.2 Spatial resolution

Mandatory

Equivalent scale expressed as an integer; resolution distance expressed as a numerical value. A distance is a Number expressing the distance value and a unit of measure of the distance value.

Example scale: 250000 (e.g. 1:250,000 scale map) Example distance: 3 metres

CONFORMITY
7.1 Citation of the Mandatory Free text + date

Title: INSPIRE Implementing rules laying


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Specification

implementing rules adopted under Article 7(1) of Directive 2007/2/EC or other specification to which a particular resource conforms Degree of conformity of the resource to the implementing rules adopted under Article 7(1) of Directive 2007/2/EC or other specification Mandatory Part D.5 of the MD IR - True if conformant - False if not conformant

down technical arrangements for the interoperability and harmonisation of administrative boundaries Date: Date type: publication Date: 2009-05-15

7.2 Degree

true

CONSTRAINTS RELATED TO ACCESS AND USE


8.1 Conditions applying to access and use Conditions for access and use of spatial data sets and services, and where applicable, corresponding fees Limitations on public access and the reasons for them Mandatory Free text + URL if applicable for information on any fees If data should be used only for a certain purpose, this should be named here

Example: not to be displayed at a scale larger than 1:250,000

8.2 Limitations on public access

Mandatory

Free text

(3) the limitations to public access are described in section 11.2 The codelist for the input is as follows: WISE category 1 WISE category 2 WISE category 3

WISE category 3

RESPONSIBLE ORGANISATIONS
9.1 Responsible party Description of the organisation responsible for the Mandatory Free text + e-mail address as a character string The following properties are expected: organisationName:

organisationName: Institut Gographique National

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establishment, management, maintenance and distribution of the resource 9.2 Responsible party role Role of the responsible organisation Mandatory

ISO19115

CI_ResponsibleParty
Part D.6 of the MD IR

CharacterString contactInfo: o address: electronicMailAddress [1..*]: CharacterString

contactInfo: address: electronicMailAddress: support@ign.fr 001 (resourceProvider)

CodeList (see B.5.5 of ISO 10115) ISO19115


CI_RoleCode

METADATA
10.1 Metadata point of contact Description of the organisation responsible for the creation and maintenance of the metadata Mandatory Free text + e-mail address as a character string ISO19115 CI_ResponsibleParty The following properties are expected: organisationName: CharacterString contactInfo: o address: electronicMailAddress [1..*]: CharacterString role: CI_RoleCode

organisationName: European Environment Agency contactInfo: o address: electronicMailAddress:

john.smith@eea.europa.eu
role: 007 (pointOfContact) 2008-08-27

10.2 Metadata date 10.3 Metadata language

Date the metadata record was created or updated Language in which the metadata are expressed

Mandatory

ISO 8601

Mandatory

Codelist ISO 639-2 The list of codes for the 23 official EU languages is: Bulgarian bul Czech cze Danish dan Dutch dut English eng Estonian est

eng

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Finnish fin French fre German ger Greek gre Hungarian hun Irish gle Italian ita Latvian lav Lithuanian lit Maltese mlt Polish pol Portuguese por Romanian rum Slovak slo Slovenian slv Spanish spa Swedish swe 11.1 Metadata character set Full name of the character coding standard used for the dataset Optional http://www.isotc211.o rg/2005/resources/Co delist/gmxCodelists.xm l# MD_SpatialRepresenta tionTypeCode MD_ReferenceSystem (B.2.7) utf8

utf8

11.2 Reference system

Description of the spatial and temporal reference systems used in the dataset Method used to spatially represent geographic information

Optional

referenceSystemIdentifier: code: ETRS_89 codeSpace: INSPIRE RS registry

ETRS_89

11.3 Spatial representation type

Conditional: if the resource is a dataset or dataset series

http://www.isotc211.o rg/2005/resources/Co delist/gmxCodelists.xm l# MD_SpatialRepresenta tionTypeCode

Vector

Vector

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WISE METADATA (additional WISE Metadata, not INSPIRE)


11.1 Distribution format Provides a description of the distributor, format and version of the data to be distributed and the digital transfer options Mandatory Free text ISO19115: MD_Format (B.2.10.4) MD_Distributor (B.2.10.3) MD_DigitalTransferOp tions (B.2.10.2) Provide at least the Format information Format: provide information on the format: Format name Format version

Format: Name: shape file Version: [not necessary to provide if the format is shape file; if wished, the GIS software, which has been used to export the shape file, can be named; e.g. ArcGIS9.2] Distributor: OrganisationName: Institut Gographique National contactInfo: address: electronicMailAddress: support@ign.fr Digital transfer option: Online: http://gis.umweltbundesamt.at/shop/in dex.jsp Offline: cdROM

Distributor: provide information on the distributor The following properties are expected: organisationName: CharacterString contactInfo: o address: electronicMailAddress [1..*]: CharacterString Digital transfer option: provide information, if the data can be provided online or offline Online: provide the URL Offline: provide the name of the medium on which the resource can be received

11.2 Metadata standard name

Name of the metadata standard (including profile name) used

Mandatory

Free text

ISO 19115 Geographic information Metadata; WISE Metadata profile

ISO 19115 Geographic information Metadata; WISE Metadata profile

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11.3 Metadata standard version 11.4 Metadata file identifier 11.5 Metadata character set

Version (profile) of the metadata standard used Unique identifier for this metadata file Full name of the character coding standard used for the dataset

Mandatory

Free text

ISO 19115:2003

ISO 19115:2003

Optional Optional

Free text http://www.isotc211.o rg/2005/resources/Co delist/gmxCodelists.xm l# MD_SpatialRepresenta tionTypeCode MD_ReferenceSystem (B.2.7)

Globally unique identifier GUID http://www.guidgenerator.com/ utf8

e88fbdf4-c70b-4a3d-9dae-1595d8fe27ad utf8

11.6 Reference 7 system

Description of the spatial and temporal reference systems used in the dataset Method used to spatially represent geographic information

Optional

referenceSystemIdentifier: code: ETRS_89 codeSpace: INSPIRE RS registry

ETRS_89

11.7 Spatial representation 7 type

Conditional: if the resource is a dataset or dataset series

http://www.isotc211.o rg/2005/resources/Co delist/gmxCodelists.xm l# MD_SpatialRepresenta tionTypeCode Free text

Vector

Vector

11.8 Credit

Recognition of those who contributed to the resource(s) Mode in which the resource is represented

Optional

Organisation X

11.9 Presentation form

Optional

http://www.isotc211.o rg/2005/resources/Co deList/gmxCodelists.x ml#CI_PresentationFor mCode

documentDigital

documentDigital

7 8

Is part of the INPIRE metadata profile Proposed to be part of the INSPIRE metadata profile
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11.10 Purpose

Summary of the intentions with which the resource(s) was developed Brief description of the resource and/or resource series usage

Optional

Free text

11.11 Specific usage

Optional

Free text

The following information is required description of the use of the resource including the reporting period or planning period the dataset is valid/should be used description of the relationship to referenced datasets

11.12 Vertical extent

Provides vertical component of the extent of the referring object

Optional

EX_VerticalExtent

The vertical extent is provided as attribute to the dataset; no input required for this element

C.1.1 Element 6.1 WISE lineage: Further information


Under category QUALITY & VALIDITY the following information should be given by the data provider. If applicable, further needs for information can be specified: Description of the process history, covering the total life cycle of the dataset from initial collection to its current form: Source information: describing the origin of the dataset; Process steps: record the events of transformation in the lifetime of the dataset (including information on generalisation and harmonisation) Intervals to maintain the dataset.

If a previous reported dataset will be updated with the current dataset, the following information should be given: Providing the name of the data which will be updated with the current dataset; Short description of the amendments done to the previous reported dataset (change of geometry and/or attributes);
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Providing a reference to a source that gives information on life cycle rules of features.

Describe the data quality in line with ISO/DIS 19157. Provide statements on: Completeness Topological consistency Positional accuracy Temporal consistency Thematic accuracy

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Appendix B
B.1 Map layer specification for flood hazard and risk maps

Map layer specification FD_FHRM: Floods Directive - Flood Hazard and Risk Map

Title* Subject* Date* Publisher* Contributor* Format* Language* Identifier* Contact Reference Map code Map name
*Dublin core metadata

Floods Directive Flood Hazard Risk Maps EU level Specification for online interactive map service for Water Information System for Europe (WISE) 15/11/12 European Commission DG Environment (DG ENV) Atkins Wolstrup/Maidens/Simonsen-Gjedde DOC En [Insert URL in circa Go4 library for EU Directive data flows] Balazs Hovarth, DG ENV N/A FD_FHRM

Version history

Version 1.0

Date 11/03/13

Author Wolstrup-Atkins

Status and description Draft

NB: Use track changes to only indicate the changes between versions

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Contents
1. 1.1 2. 2.1 2.2 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 5. 6. Overview Abstract Publishing Target publish date Mapviewer Data and pre-processing Content datasets Data extraction Data extraction and processing steps Derived datasets Visualisation Layer 1: Population Layer 2: Economic activities Layer 3: IED installations Layer 4: Other potential consequences Background theme maps Discomap services Map spatial layers Interaction Specific map explanation text 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 80 80 81 81 81 82 82 83 83 83 85 88

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1.
1.1

Overview
Abstract

The intention is to disseminate certain aspects of the reported FD Flood Risk Hazard Maps data and information via WISE, and where necessary, appropriate and possible, provide links to data and information from other sources such as national flood maps which can provide a higher resolution than WISE which will be more appropriate for flood mapping purposes (larger scale than 1:250.000). This chapter describes the proposed European level map. This will be derived from information reported by the Member States and other European level datasets available, for example from other reporting streams and INSPIRE.

2. Publishing
2.1
2014

Target publish date

2.2

Mapviewer

The target viewer for this map service is: http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water/interactive/floods-directive-viewer The service is also available in EyeOnEarth

3. Data and pre-processing


3.1 Content datasets
Floods Directive - Units of Management, APSFR information previously reported under the Floods Directive Data reported under the Flood Hazard and Risk Map reporting obligation Schema: http://icm.eionet.europa.eu/schemas/dir200760ec/resources/FRHMreview/FHRM_2p0.html MS reported information: to be reported 2014

3.2

Data extraction

The reported information will be extracted from the XML schemas which are to be reported under the FHRM reporting. The FHRM reporting will be of three different probabilities (high, medium and low probability) with affected population, economic activities and IED installations for each probability. Only medium (and low probability where groundwater and/or coastal floods are relevant) will be displayed. Options to click on/off layers displaying land cover, population, the E-PRTR installations and the WFD protected areas will be available.
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3.3

Data extraction and processing steps

Data will be extracted from the schema for the medium probability (low probability for groundwater and coastal floods) and aggregated at different levels for visualisation in the viewer i.e prepared for the classification of UoM and country polygons. An additional layer will be added to show where detailed flood hazard and risk maps are available within MS.
Aggregation International UoM Flood risk population Indication of where there is data Percentage of population within flood extent at risk on Country level Flood risk economic activities Indication of where there is data Aggregation of type of economic activities impacted for flood extents within the Country (pie chart) Aggregation of type of economic activities impacted for flood extents within the UoM (pie chart) Flood risk - IED installations Indication of where there is data Percentage of IED installation where pollution risk exists for flood extents within the Country Percentage of IED installation where pollution risk exists for flood extents within the UoM IED installation where pollution risk exists for flood extents within certain thresholds Flood risk other potential consequences Indication of where there is data Aggregation of type of other potential consequences for flood extents within the Country (pie chart) Aggregation of type of other potential consequences for flood extents within the UoM (pie chart) Indication of other potential consequences (pillar or list**)

Country

UoM

Percentage of population within flood extent at risk on UoM level

APSFR*

Number of inhabitants potentially affected within certain thresholds

Indication of type of economic activity impacted (pillar)

Background theme map

Population dataset (gridded)

Landcover dataset

E-PRTR installations and WFD protected areas

NA

* This level will only be displayed where reported **Depends on data reported through the xml schema - if other consequences can be grouped or a list needs to be added

3.4

Derived datasets
Dataset name IntUOM Intended use International units of management Units of management Areas of potential significant flood risk

UOM APSFR

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4. Visualisation
4.1 Layer 1: Population9

4.2

Layer 2: Economic activities9

Please note that data used in all 4 layers are fictive and does not reflect any Member State reporting
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4.3

Layer 3: IED installations9

4.4

Layer 4: Other potential consequences9

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4.5

Background theme maps


Population (available in 100x100m cells) Land cover E-PRTR (http://prtr.ec.europa.eu/MapSearch.aspx) WFD Protected areas (not yet developed)

4.6

Discomap services

To be developed

4.7
4.7.1
Step 1 2 3 4 5

Map spatial layers


Zoom levels
Geographic scope Pan-European to National Cross-border to National National to Regional Local Local Scale Default to 1:10,000,001 1:10,000,000 to 1:5,000,001 1:5,000,000 to 1,000,000 1:2,000,000 to 250,000 1:2,000,000 to 250,000 Aggregation at International UoM Country UoM UoM APSFR (where reported) Symbology Classified polygon Classified polygon Classified polygon Classified polygon Classified polygon/line/poi nt Classified polygon Default visibility Visible Visible Visible Visible Visible Notes Derived from MS reported Derived from MS reported Derived from MS reported Derived from MS reported Derived from MS reported, generalized at 1:250,000 Greater detail can be shown than at the 1:250,000 for European level map

Local

1:250,000 to 2,000

Probabilities

Visible (through INSPIRE Network services/WM S service where available)

4.7.2

Symbology

Default symbology for features and layers as defined under the INSPIRE Directive will be used as the basis for the presentation of the information in available maps. For each layer referenced in the table above there should be a further table which details the values for each classification and the corresponding RBG colours to be used.

4.7.2.1 Population affected


Categorisation affected population count 0-5 5-10 Symbology Polygon Polygon Colour Yellow Orange RGB xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

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10-50 50-100

Polygon Polygon

Red Dark red

xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

4.7.2.2 Economic activities at risk


Economic activities Property (B41) Infrastructure (B42) Rural Land Use (B43) Economic Activity (B44) Other (B45) Symbology Pie chart Pie chart Pie chart Pie chart Pie chart Colour Yellow Orange Green Bordeaux Grey RGB xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

Zoom level 1:2,000,000 to 250,000


Pillar economic activities Property (B41) Infrastructure (B42) Rural Land Use (B43) Economic Activity (B44) Other (B45) Symbology Pillar Pillar Pillar Pillar Pillar Colour Yellow Orange Green Bordeaux Grey RGB xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

4.7.2.3 IED installations where pollution risk exists


Categorisation installations where pollution risk exist percentage 1-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 Symbology Colour RGB

Polygon Polygon Polygon Polygon Polygon

Light purple

xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

Dark purple

xx-xx-xx

4.7.2.4 Other potential consequences


Other potential consequences Cultural heritage Other Symbology Pie chart Pie chart Colour Dark brown Light brown RGB xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

Zoom level 1:2,000,000 to 250,000


Other potential Symbology Colour RGB
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consequences Cultural heritage Other Pillar Pillar Dark brown Light brown xx-xx-xx xx-xx-xx

4.7.3

Layer names

Layer 0: Indication (UoM/APSFR/Other) of where detailed flood hazard and risk maps are available within MS Layer 1: Population affected Layer 2: Economic activities at risk Layer 3: IED installations where pollution risk exists Layer 4: Other potential consequences

5. Interaction
5.1 Layer selection
A user in the default map is presented with the Flood hazard/risk maps. In order for the user to select the Flood hazard/risk maps for population or environment or economic activity or other consequences, then the user must select this map through the map selector (buttons). This can be seen in the example below. The user also has the ability to exert greater control over the layers which are shown in the map and their visibility or transparency from the layer view. The user can also select different kinds of background maps.

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5.2

Pop-up windows

For each zoom step this section details the information which will be available to the user when they click on a visible feature.

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When a user clicks on the following layers, they will see the following information in the pop-up:

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Pop-up information to be displayed Layer Population International UoM Country UoM Other potential consequences Features of the International UoM (list of country, UoM name/Code, size) Economic activities IED installations Features of the Country (Country, UoM name/Code, International UoM, size) Reporting status Features of the UoM (Country, UoM name/Code, size) Competent authorities Count/Area of covered APSFR Links: to websites of CA with more information or/and risk/hazard maps International UoM Methods for determination of economic activities affected Methods for determination of IED installations affected and method for determinate the impact on WFD protected areas Methods for determination of other potential consequences

Methods for determination of population affected

APSFR

APSFR code, name Type of flood (list) Competent authorities Links: to websites of CA with more information or/and risk/hazard maps Features of the UoM (Country, UoM name/Code, size Indication if articles 4 or 13.1(a) or (b) have been applied and the conclusions of these articles in terms of identification of APSFR or the decision made to proceed to mapping and the production of flood risk management plans Methods for Methods for Methods for Methods for determination of determination of determination of IED determination of other potential consequences population affected economic activities installations affected and method for affected determinate the impact on WFD protected areas

6. Specific map explanation text


To be developed

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Appendix C

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C.1

Procedure on how to link to national maps from EU portal

This appendix outline the procedure for Member States to register their national level Flood Hazard and Risk Maps (FHRM) under the reporting obligation for flood hazard maps and flood risk maps. This registration follows its own reporting process where MS are responsible for maintaining the links to their national maps, hence shall the most updated FHRM_links xml be available at a source location within the member state to be harvested by the EEA. A guide on how to register the source location of the xml can be found in section C2. The links to national portals should be provided through INSPIRE Network services however for the first reporting cycle of the FHRM the links can be provided through either a list of PDF's, portal or through WMS. The links to national FHRM shall be done at the APSFR level where applicable. If a MS has used a different level for the identification of the APSFR (eg. UoM) then the links should be reported at this level. In cases where the MS has not used either UoM or APSFR the MS needs to report a 'bounding box' of where they have available national FHRM and report the link at this level. A separate xml file has been developed to support the link to national maps reporting process and has the following structure:

And a translation of the xml schema to a database table

MapCategories to be reported in a separate database table. The conversion tool will also be able to translate the FHRM_links table to xml in order to upload this. The AreaUniqueCode (eg. APSFRCode) shall have a one-to-one relationship with reported spatial data. The file should be named using the following structure and updated when links change within national portal.
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[Country ID]_[UOM]_[FHRM_links]_ [Date] Country ID (ISO code) UOM code Date: this should be the date of data submission (Upload date) YYYYMMDD

Example: AT_AT1000_FHRM_Links_20140331 If MS are reporting bounding boxes or another spatial identification of an area to which a link to national FHRM then these shall follow the same requirements as set out in section 10.1 named with the following structure [Country ID]_[UOM]_ [BoundingBox]_[Date] Country ID (ISO code ) UOM code Date: this should be the date of data submission (Upload date) YYYYMMDD
1

Example: AT_AT1000_BoundingBox_20121231 When a user is presented for the European FHRM one layer will be an overview of where more detailed information can be accessed through national maps. All UoM/APSFR/bounding boxes where a link has been reported to a national (INSPIRE Network service, portal, PDF or WMS) will be highlighted in order for the user quickly to get an overview of where more detailed information can be found. When the user zoom in to more than the threshold value of 1:250.000 the user will be presented to the national map through INSPIRE Network service/WMS. A notification when the user is entering a national map will be given a long with a link to the national portal to seek further information. If the provided link is to a portal of a PDF a pop-up notification will appear with links to the national maps. It has not been tested how the European map will perform when pulling on several WMS and some modifications to this set-up might be needed in order to keep the performance of the map at an acceptable level.

C.2

Reportnet registration of link (URL)

In order to register the URL (HTTP or FTP) to where the FHRM_links.xml is located go to the Reportnet and choose Content Registry from the drop down list please remember to be logged in to be able to register the source.

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Then click on Harvesting Sources and 'Add new source'

And add source of xml file(s)

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