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lnstruction Manual

.r(rt,/ .r., Manual de lnstrucciones

Manualde Instrugio

,

Anweisungshandbuch Mode d'emploi

Instruzioni d'uso

Gebruiksaanwijzing

,

Manual

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4JJ

CITIZEN.

sR-281 / SR-282

Scientific Galculator

Turning on or off Battery replacement

2

2

 Using " 2nd " Keys Conections A . 4 Undo function A Replay function Memory calculation. A '''' ''' '''''' Order of operations. Accuracy and Capacity Error conditions .,'''''' ''.'''''. 7 9 10 '11 11 Scientific Functional Calculations 1 3

Logarithms and Antilogarithms

Frction calculation. ;

Angle unit conversions Sexagesimal e Decimal transformation

Trigonometric/lnverse-Tri.functions

Hyperbolic/lnverse-Hyp.functions

Coordinatestransformation

Probability

Otherfunctions(

Unit Conversion

Physics constants

|lx,,l, lf , d,r',r",xv,

BasFn calculations,.-,,"

,

,,,

----

,

tNT, FRAC )

--

,,.,,,.,,,,

-

Bases conversions

Block Function

Basic arithmetic operations for bases. Negative expressions

Logical operation

Entering data

tJ

14

1 5

15

16

16

j7

18

'19

,,24

25

25

26

26

27

27

 Displaying results 28 Deleting data 31

Turning on or off

To turn ihe calculator on. pre\$ i ON C I : To turn the calculator off,

press[2nd][OFF].

Battery replacement

SR-28'l is powered by two alkaline batteries (GP76A or LR44).

SR-282 is powered two M-size ( UM-3 )batteries. lf the display

becomes dim and diffcult to read. the batteries should be replaced as

soon as Possible.

To replace batteries:

'1 ) Slide the battery compartment cover in the direction indicated by the arrow and remove it.

2)

Remove the old batteries and install new ones with polarity in correct directions, then replace the battery compartment cover and press I ON/C I.

Auto power-off function

This calculator automatically turns it off when not operated for

approximately 6-9 minutes. lt can be reactivated by pressing I ON/C ] key and the display, memory, settings are retained.

Reset operation

results, press I L4ODE l

lf the calculator is on but you get unexpected

t 4 I ( RESET ) in sequence. A message appears on the display to confirm whether you want to reset the ca'culator and clear memory

contents.

], then press I ENJER ] to clear all

variables, pending operations, statisiical data, answers, all previous

entries, and memory; To cancel the reset operation without clearing

Move

the cursor io " Y " by [ +

the calculator,

lfthe calculator is lock and further key operations becomes impossible, please press [ 0 ] [ CE ] at the same time to release the condition. lt will return all settings to default settings.

please choose " N ".

Pressing

I MODE ] key can make the contrast

of the screen lighter or darker. Holding either key down w'll make the

display become respectively lighter or darker.

the [ - ] or [ + ] following

The display comprises two lines and indicators. The upper line is a dot display up to '1 28 characters. The lower line is capable of displaying a

result of up to 12 digits, as well as 2-digits positive or negative

exponent.

When formulas are input and executed the calculation by I E"J.o ], they are displayed on the upper line, and then results are shown on

the lower line.

The following indictors appear on ihe display to indicate you the

current status of the calculator.

 lndicator Meaning t\4 Running memory Result is negative E Error STO RCL Storing variable mode is active 2nd Recalling variable mode is active HYP 2nd set of function keys are active ENG Hyperbolic-trig function will be calculated CPLX Engineering symbol notation CONST Complex number mode is active Display physics constanis DEGRAD Angle mode : DEGrees, GRADS, or RADS BIN Binary base ocr HEX () Octal base Hexadecimal base Open parentheses TAB STAT Number of decimal places displayed is fixed REG Statistics mode is active EDIT Regression mode is active CPK Statistics data is being edited USL CPK : Process capability CP : Precision capability LSL Set upper specification limit Setting lower specif:cation limit i lmaginary part Allow to use undo function

Using"MODE"keys

 Press I MODE ] to display mode l1H6 vtH specifying an operating mode ( " 1 N,tAlN ",'2 STAT','3 CPLX'. - 4 RESET " ) or the engineering symbol notation (' 5 E!,lG' ). '1 MAIN : Use this rnde fq basic €lelations, including scientific calculations and BaH €lelations. 2 STAT : Use this rpde lo perfm singlFvariable and paired-variable statisti€l €l@lations and regression calculations. 3 CPLX : Use this mde to pefom omplex number calculation. 4 RESET : Use this rcde to perfom reset operation. 5 ENG : Use this mode to allow engin@ring €lculations utilizing

engineering symbol.

Give " 2 STAT " as an example

:

Method 1 : Press I MODE ] and then scroll through the menus using

[ +

] or I 2nd I I r'

]

then enter the desired

uniil '2 STAT' is underlined, mode by pressing I u"]to I

Method 2 : Press I MODE ] and then key in directly the number of the

mode, I 2 I , to enter the desired mode immediately

Using"2nd"Keys

When you press [ 2nd ], the " 2nd " indicator shown in the display is to

tell you that you will be selecting the second function of the next key

you press. lf you press [ 2nd ] by mistake, simply press [ 2nd ] again to remove the " 2nd " indicator.

Corrections

lf you have made a mistake when entering a number (but you have not

yet pressed an arithmetic operator key), just press I CE

]

to clear the

last entry then input it again, or delete individual digits by the

all entry

After making corrections,

can be obtained by pressing I EUER ]. You can also press I ON/C ] to

clear the immediate results completely (except clearing memory). lf you press the wrong arithmetic operation key, just press the cotrect

key to replace it.

backspace

key [ .+

], or clear

by I ON/C ].

input of the formula is complete, the answer

Undo function

The unit offers an undo function which allows you to undo some of the errors you just have made.

Utsra clEG

rH

Jdt

6 E

iE

Otl + I asatfitslrEt

by I ONrc I, the' f''

I CE ], q rrhich

ir irsr dsed

indirator

shom in the display is to tell you that you can press [ 2nd ] [ s-\ ] to €n@l the operation.

Replay function

This function stores operations that just have been executed. Atler

execution is completed, pressing

display the operation executed. Pressing [

operation from the beginning, with the cursor located under the first

l.\ ] will display the operation from the

[ -> ] or [ 2nd ] [ r.

-]

] key will

I will display the

character.

Pressing

I 2nd I I

end, with the cursor located at the space following ihe last character.

You can continue moving the cursor by [ +

] or [ 2nd ] [ l

editing values or commands for subsequent

execution.

'

] and

Memory calculation

Memory variable

The calculator has nine memory variables for repeated use -- A, B, C,

D, E, F, M, X, Y. You can store a real number in any of the nine

memory variables.

.

.

.

>

ISTO ] + tAl - [ F], t M l,

variables.

IXI - tYl lets you storevaluesto

I RCL]

variable.

[ 0 ] [ STO ] + [ A ] - [ F ], I M l, IX ] - [ Y] clears the contentto a specified memory variable.

(1) Put the value 30 into variableA

+ tAl -l

Fl, t N/ I, tXl - tYl recallsthevalue

ofthe

30 I STO ] IA]

DEG

3 0>A

30

F (2) Multiple 5 to variableA, then put the result into variable B

5ixllRcLllAlIEEER

tsrolIB]

]

DEG

150)B

(3) Clear the value of variable B

OISTO]IB]

0)B

DFG

150.

150.

IRCLllBlt ENiEs I

Tc

0.

Running memory

You should keep the following ruls in rind when using running

memory.

. Press I l\.4+ ] to add a result lo running rercry and the " l\,4 " indicator

appears when a number is stored in the rercry. Press I l\,4R ] to

recall the content of running rerory.

. Recalling fiom running remry by pre\$ing I l,4R ]key does not

affect its contents .

. Running memory is not available \$,hen you are in stalistics mode.

. The memory variable M and running remory utilize the same

'

memory area.

ln order to replace the content of ihe remory with the displayed

number, please press I X*lV I key.

. To clear the content of running memory, you €n press [ 0 ] [ X-N,4 ], ICE I I X+M ] or [ 0 ] I STO I I M ] in sequence.

> [(3x5)+(56 + 7)+(74-8x7)l=41

0lX+Mt

OEG

3

[x]5[M+]56[ + ]7[M+174 l-lslxlTllV+l

I r\4R ]

0[x+M]

M

t\4

7 4

rvl

DEG

8+7M+

DEG

DEG

0

t8

41

0

(Note) ; Besides pressing I STO

] or I X+M

] key to store a value, you

[ [4+ ].

can also assign values to memory variable l\4 by

However,

when t STO I t N/ I or I X-N,4 ] is used, previous

memory contents stored in variable M are cleared and

replaced it with the newly assigned value. When I N,4+ ] is used, values is added to present sum in memory.

Order of operations

Each calculation

is performed in the following order of precedence:

tl

FJffi

2) Eprsion irei{te pasihs-

3) C@rdinates transfomation ( P+R , R+P )

4) Type A functions which are required entering values before pressing the function key, for example, x',11x, r, x!, %, RND,

ENG, otrt+ , +ottr, x', y' .

5) x', V

6) Type B functions which are required

pressing the funciion key

before entering, for example, sin, cos, tan, sin -1, cos -t, tan r,

sinh, cosh, tanh, sinh 1, cosh -1, tanh -r, log, ln, FRAC, lNT, r',

if

,

't o

"

, e

*,

Nor, EXP, DATA in srAT mode.

7) +/-, NEG

8)

nPr, ncr

9) x,+

10) +, -

11) AND, NAND -- only Base-n mode

12) OR, XOR, XNOR -- only Base-n mode

Accuracy and Capacity

Output digits : Up to 12 digits.

Calculating digits: Up to 14 digits

ln general, every reasonable calculation is displayed up to 12 digits

mantissa, or 12-digits mantissa plus 2-digits exponent up to 10 +ss.

Numbers used as input must be within the range of the given function

Functions

stn x

COS X

tan x

sin 'x, cos

tan

x

sinh x, cosh x

oeg: lxl

lnput ranqe

<4.5x101odeg

however, for tan x

oes: lxl

r90(2n+1)

nao: lxl + \$

tzn+1)

ixL

lxl.lxto'oo

Jxl s230.25s50e2

X |

+ 100 (2n+1),

(n is an integer)

tanh x

sinh'

cosh x

ta nh

log x, In x

10'

x

< 1 x 10

Xl <5x10--

: x<5x'10*

xl.1

10a:

x<1x'101m

1x101mcx<100

e -1 x 10 16<x = 230.2585092

0 I

x<'1 x'101m

x ] . t x tO \$

X xl <2.15443469003x'10

1lx

V*

X!

R+P

P+R

Vv

xl<1x10rm,x*o

x |

< 1 x

10

0 S x S 69,xisaninteoer

.,/x'+ v'< 1 x 10 too

0 5 r<1x10100

Deg: lal<4.sxto10deg

however, for tan x

Deg: ldlrgo(2n+1)

ss6: lal*

Grad I I I

I

I

;

Qn+1)

I 00 (2n+1 ), (n is an integer)

Dl, N/. s < 1 x io 1oo. o s t\,,t. s

lxl.l^'10'oo

x>0 : -1 x 10100<y log x< 100

x=0:y>0

x < 0:

but -1

y = n. 1l(2n+1), n is an integer.

x

10100< y log lxl

. too

v,0:x*0.

'

1x10""-

x

loov<100

-'

Y=0:x>0

y < 0 : x=2n+1, l/n, n is an integer.(nd)

a ur'c

nPr. ncr

STAT

hr-1 rlo-<

-lQ

ltl<IlL

Input : Total of integer, numerator and denominator must be within 12 digits (includes division marks)

Result : Result displayed as fraction for integer when integer, numerator and denominator are less than 1 x 10 '

0 5 r:

lx

n,n 510loo,n,rareintegers.

<1x10"u

<'1x1050, ly

ox,oy,y,y,a,b,r:n+O;

Sx,Sy : n19, 1 ; x"= 59 Y"=50 ;

Number of repeats s 255, n is an integer

+DEC

+BlN

+OCT

+HEX

- 21 47 483648 S X =

2147483647

0 1 x 1 01111111111111111111111111111111

(for zero or positive)

1 0000000000000000000000000000000 :

x =1111

1111111 1 1111 111't111111111111

0 :

X = 17777777

777 (for zero or positive)

20000000000 3 x =

(for neqative)

37777777777

0 :

X 5 TFFFFFFF ( for zero or positive)

80000000 : X = FFFFFFFF(fo.nesaiive)

Error conditions

Error message " E " will appear on the display and further calculaiion becomes impossible when any of the following condition occur.

1) You attempted to divide by 0

2) When allowable input range offunction calculations

exceeds the

3)

4)

range specified

When result offunction calculations exceeds the range specified

When

the [ ( ] key is used more than 13 levels

in a single

expression 5) When USL < LSL value

To release the above errors, please press I ON/C ].

Use MAIN (tMODEI I ( MAIN ) )modeforbasiccalculations.

-E9-

Arithmetic calculation

Arithmetic operaiions are performed by pressing the keys in the same sequence as in the expression.

>

t+5x4=/t

7[+]5[x]4iEN_IER

l

DEG

7 + 5+4=

27

For negative values, press [ +i- ] after entering the value, You can

enter a number in mantissa and exponent fom by I EXP ] key.

Y Z]Sx10-5=0.0000275

2.75tEXPl5l+/-ltEEERl I

DEG

0.0 0 0 0 2 7 5

Results greater than 1012 or less than 10 -rr are displayed in

exponential form

Y 12369x7532x 74103 = 6903680612720

= 6.90368061272

1'?

x 1O

1236s lxl7532 Ixl74103

IENJER]

'1 2369*7532+7 p

6.90368061272

Parentheses calculations

Operations inside parentheses are always executed first. SR'281 /

SR"282 can use up to 1 3 levels of consecutive parentheses in a single calculation.

Closed parentheses occurring immediately before operation of the [ ) ] key may be omitted, no matter how many are required.

> 2x{7+6x(5+4\}=122

2[r]7[+]6[rl5l+]4lENjERl

I

DFc

2*(7+6*\5+4= 122.

(Note): A multiplication sign " x " occutring immediately before an

open parenthesis can be omitted.

The correct result cannot be derived by entering

2. Besure to enterl xl

example.

[

( ] 2

[ + ] 3 [ ) ] I EXP l

beh{een the t ) I and I EXP ] in the below

Percentage calculation

[ 2nd ] [ % ] divides the number in the display

key sequence to calculate percentages, percentage ratios.

> 120 x 30 o/.:36

by '1 00. You can use this

1201x]30[2nd][%][EN]ERl I

DFG

12 a*3O%=

88+55%=160

BBt + l55l2ndlt%lt

 36. ENIER I DEc 88+55%= 160.

Display notations

The calculator has the following display notations for the display value

Fixed.point / Floating Notations

To specify the number of decimal places, press [ 2nd ] [ TAB ] and then

a value indicating the number of places ( 0-9 ). Values are displayed

rounded otf to the place specified. To return floating setting, press

t2ndllrABll.l.

Scientific Notation To change the display mode between floating and scientific notation,

press I FeE

Engineering Notation

display for

Pressing

the number being displayed to change in multiples of 3.

].

I ENG ] or [ 2nd ] [ <- ] will cause

the exponent

> 6 + 7=0.85714285714

6l+17[EN]ERl

[2nd][rAB]4

DEG

6+7 =

0.857142a5714

6+7 =

DEG

TAB

0.B571

[2nd][IAB]2

I2ndllrABl[.]

lFeEl

IENG]

I2ndll+ll2ndlf+.

I

6+7 =

DEG

OEG

TAB

0.8 6

o.85714285714

DEG

6*7

4.57142857143

=

DEG

43

457.142857143

DEG

0.0

0 0 8 5 7 1 4 2 a 5

03

Engineering Symbol Notation

Each time you specify the ENG mode, a displayed result is

automatically

shown with the corresponding

engineering

symbol.

tT"=1o', '2=,0''.

"i= ro u. ofl'= ,0 ", 'T= ro ''. sff= ro

9 mega _ i^

n

zepto

z

b

k lo_ "^ 3

Plco ,^-t2

p=ru

yocto

v

miLi_

m -

.^

'"

I

Trcro

u

femto _^,rs

f

=]u

a-

t,

Perform the following operation to specify engineering

notation.

symbol

IMoDE]5(ENG)

To exit from ihis mode, press I MODE ] 5 once again.

) 6+7=o.as7142asv4

I rvoDE ] 5

6[+]7[EN]ERl

IENG]

{.&m-;};;2!@rla-r;am,

i-.'

ENG

DEG

6+7 =

0

m

857.142857 143

ENG

DEG

u

457142.457143

I

I

*

6

r

o-oooaszr+zas r

Use MAIN ( TMODE I I (MAIN ) ) modeforscientific function

calculations.

Logarithms and Antilogarithms

The calculator can calculate common and natural logarithms and

anti-loqarithms

) ln 7 + lo9 1oo = 3.94591014906

using Ilog], Ilnl' t2ndl [ 10*], and[2nd1[e"]

= 100.006737947

i2ndlllo'l2L+lL2ndlIe'fu

1,,'i,Enrini

--

l

|

.^^^

10^2+e^ 5=

::"

1 0 0.0 0 6 7 3 7 I

4 7

Fraction calculation

Fraction value display is as follow

oisprayor fr

F;

tAtisPravor56fi

{Noter: Values are automatically

displayed

ol a

in decimal format whenever

fractional values ( integer +

the total number of digits

numerator + denominator

+ separator marks ) exceeds 12'

To enter a mixed number, enter the integer part' press I a b/c ]' enter

the numerator, press I a bic ],

and enter the denominator; To enter an

numerator' press I a b/c ]' and enter the

improper fraction, enter the

denominator.

, r a+ t+j-.1-

Tlabtcl2labld3l+]'14[ab/c] I

5[ab/c]7[ EN]ER l

.""tj

'Lu2)3+14:-j5J7

-

^

22s8J21.

During a fraction calculation, if the figure is reducible' a figure is

the lowest terms after pressing a function command key Ix] or[ + ] ) orthe I t*lER I kev Bv pressing [2nd ]

reduc-ed to

( t+I, t-l,

-E13-

[ +d/e ],

and vice

the disptayed vatue will be converted to the improper fraction

versa. To convert between a decimal and tmaiomf euft,

presslab/cl.

> t?=aL=q.s=9

422

 4lablcl2Ia b/cl4[ ENfER ] DEG 4112tI = 4u1 J2- lab/cl DEG 4s2J4 = 4.5 [2nd][+d/e] DEG 4u2tq = 9)2 l2ndl[+d/e] DEG 4u2)4=

4U1J2

Calculations

decimal format.

containing both fractions and decimals are calculated in

> 8- + 3.75 = 't2.55

8[ablc]4lab/cl5l+1375

IEN]ERI

I ]

DLc

gu+_ts*g.zs=

12.5 s

Angle unit conversions

The calculator enables you to convert

an angle unit among

The relation among the three angle units is :

1) Tochange the default setting to another setting, first press

2) After entering a value, press I 2nd I I DRG+ unit you want is displayed.

F eO Oeg. = 157079692679 rcd. = 1OO grad.

[ 2nd ]

I DRG ] key repeatedly until the angle unit you want is indicated in

the disptay.

I repeatedly untit the

I2ndllDRGl

I

DEc

lll#!

I[

.trr

lR-a

ta€liDRe+ I

0.

00!=

t-57 0 7 3632G7t

'@

|

I I

1,57

07963267

100.

Sexagesimal e+ Decimal transformation

Ttp lculator enables you to convert the sexagesimal flgure

(degree'

ottt+ I or

minuie and se@nd) to decimal notation by pressing {

mnvert the decimal notation to the sexagesimal notation by [ 2nd ]

[€'r

].

Sexagesimal flgure value display is as follow:

Represent 1 25 degrees (D), 45 minutes(M), 30.55 seconds(S)

(Note) : The total digits of D, M and S and separator marks must be

within 12 digits, or the sexagesimal

couldn't be shown

completely.

Y 12.755 = 12o 45t 18tl

12.75512ndi[+ottt]

DEG

12" 4 5t

i

ltl

> 2 o 45t 1o.5t | = 2.75291666667

2lo;st-l45lotst-l

10.5 [ottt+]

j

DFG

2.75291666667

Trigonometric / lnverse-Tri. functions

SR-281 / SR-282 provides standard trigonometric functions and

functions - sin. cos. tan sin '

inverse trigonometric

(Note) : When using those keys, make sure the €lculator is set for the angle unit you want.

, cos and tan

F sin 30 deg.= 0.5

I sin ] 30 [ ENJER ]

DEG

s in30=

0.5

3[cosl[{]2lxll2ndlltrlJ+l i

3[E\.rERl

|

F 3 sin -1 o.s = 90 deg

3l2ndllsin'lO.s1eu1ec,

,

:.cos(2.n*3=

3*s

DEG

in-1 0.5=

90 .

Hyperbolic / lnverse-Hyp. functions

SR-281 / SR-282 uses [ 2nd

functions

cosh and tanh -'.

and inverse-hyperbolic

] [ Hyp ] to catcutate the hyperbotic functions _ sinh, cosh. tanh. sinh - .

(Note) : When usjng those keys, make sure the calculator is set for the angle unit you want.

 > cosh 1.5 + 2 =4.35240961524 [2nd][HYP]icosll.5l+12 | [EN]ERI F sinh -1 7 = 2.64412076106 L2ndllHYPl[2ndllsin']7 I lENlERl

DEc

cosh1.5+2=

4.35240961524

DFG

sinhl'7=

2.64412076.106

Coordinates transformation

Rectangular

Coordinates

---JP(x'Y)

I

Polar Coordinates

x+yi=r(cos0+isinp)

(Note) : When using those key, make sure the calculator is set for the angle unit you want.

The calculator can perform the conversion between

coordinates and polar coordinates by [ 2nd ] [ p+R ] and [ 2nd ] I R+P I.

rectangular

f

= :- I

m.53t 6-lrtp

r

=X.

!

lErer

IIE;IHl5[2ndll

'

lI

+ : r.E

- =.t5fi-.E-:

r

R*P(5,

* =

retrRr

I2ndllxeyl

r

DEG

30.4138126515

DEG

 e I 0.537 67 7 7 92

F lfr= 25,6 =56owhatarex, y ?Ans; x= 13.9798225868, y =

20.7259393139

[2nd ] IP+Rl 25 [2nd] [ t ] 56

r ENTER

l

[ 2nd ][x

ey ]

DEG

()

P+R ( 2 5 ,

DEG

56

X

13.9798225868

DEG

20.7259393139

Probability

This calculator provides the following probability functions :

I

t

nPr ]

ncr I

I X! ]

Calculates the number of possible permutations of n item

takenratatime.

Calculates the number of possible combinations of n items

takenratatime.

Calculates the factorial of a specified positive integer n,

where n<69.

I RND ] Generates a random number between 0.000 and 0.999

> rrzl)]l=eao

7l2ndl InPrl4[ ENJER ]

- '

7!

4tll7 4)11

7P4

DFG

840.

7[2nd][ncr]4[ ENfER ]

sl2ndllxlllEN]ERI

t2ndltRNDl

I

I

7 C4 =

5I

Rnd

DEG

DEG

35.

120.

0.449

Otherfunctions (Itx,,1,.f, tr, x', xt, xt, lNT,

FRAC )

The calculator also provides reciprocal ( [ 2nd ] [ 1/x ] ), square root

([,

]).cubicroor(l2ndlI i/

]).universalroot([2nd]l f

l).

square (

functions.

[x2] ), cubic( [2nd ] lx3l ), and exponentiation

( [xv] )

" *=o.u

1.25t2ndl [1 /x][

EN]ER ]

DEG

1 .2 s-'

0.8

Y z2+ Jq+v+"J125+53= 139

2lx'?ll+lty'1111+1*12t1;1

I+ll2ndll f

I 1251+15{2ndl

lyrllENIERf

7u +1,@ =16612

|

I

I

z' -f

DEG

( 4 +2 1 ) +

139.

Tlxyl5l+l4l f lozslenltnl]

DEG

7xY 5+4^,razs=

16412.

INT

lndicate the integer part of a given number

FRAC lndicate the fractional part of a given number

> INT( 10 + 8 )= INT( 1.25 )= 1

r

l2ndl I lNrl

10 [ +

A\:

-: = i

tm jlRiclrol

] 8

[

ENjER

I

=:q.-

+ IrI

'2.

aFl

INT(10+8=

='-E

I.

E FRAC ( I Oit=

o-25

Unit Gonversion

The €lculator has a built-in unit mnversion feature that enables you

to convert numbers amng different units.

'1. Enter the number you want to convert.

 2. Press I CONV ] to display the menu. There are 7 menus, covering distance, area, temperature, cpacity, weight, energy, and pressure. 3. Use the I CONV ] to scroll through the list of units until a appropriate units menu is shown, then I EN]ER l. 4. Pressing [ -] another unit. I or [ 2nd ] I r' I can convert the number to ) 1 yd'?=St1'?=0.00000083612km'?

! ICONVIICONVI[ + ][ t*]uo l

I2ndll*-\l

i+lt+tt+l

tt'

OEG

vc'm

DEG

* vd'

DEG

m'

I

km'? hectares

ildi'000083612

Physics constants

You can use 136 physiG constants in your €lculations. With the

following constants i

Data is referred to Peter J.Mohr and Barry N.Taylor, CODATA

Recommended Values of the Fundamental

Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data,Vol.28,

and Reviews of Modern Physics,Vol.72,

Physical Constants;1998,

No.2, 2000.

No.6,'1999

No

3

Quantitv Speed of light in vacuum

Maonetic

@nstant

Electric @nstant

ChaGcteristic impedance

of vacuum

Svmbol

0

Value, Unil

299792458

m s '

1 2566370614x10{NA-'z

8.854187817

x 10 -'F m -'

z 376.73031346't f)

[,*

 l5 NeMonian constant oi oravitation G Planck @nstanl h 7 Planck constant over2 pi h Avogadro constanl N4 Planck length lp 10. Planck time 11 Planck mass mp

12

'13

14

Atomic

{lomrc

mass

mass

@nstant

consEnt

a€oav rcnsEnt

 15. ementaru charoe 16. :lectron volHoule 17 I MOlar 0as mnsEnt 9 loltzmann constani 20 ildlar 0lanck constant 2 iackur-Tetrode constanl 22 &ien disolacement law 23 -aftice parameter ol 24 ielan-BolEmann constant 25 Itandard a@eleration of

MU

mllc 'z

IF

e

e/h

R

NAh

So/R

b

a

o

s

6.67310x10r1m3kg1s

6.6260687652

1.05457159682

x10 sJ s

xlO -34J s

6.A221419947

x1O zr mol'

'1.6160'12

x10 '"m

5.390640 x10 as

2.176716

x10 6kq

'1.660538731

3 x10 -'?7 ko

1.4924177812

x1O ro J

96485.341 539 C moi -'

1.60217646263

x10 '" C

1.60217646263x10

" J

2.41798949195

x10 ''AJ

8.31447215Jmo|

1.380650324

1K 1

x10 "J K -'

3.9903'1268S30x10''.ls mol

1 164467444

2.897768651

x1O -3m K

543.10208816

5.67040040

x'l0 jW

x10 -r'?m

m

-'z K -

9.80665 m s -?

qlomtc mass
26

rnit-kilodrrm

rclati^nehih

It

1.6605387313

x10 -'?7kg

27

28

29

30

31

32.

33.

Fi6t Ediation constant for

Second

mdiation constanl

Molar volume of ideal oas

{vdbea constanl

ivdbero constant

in Hz

Rydberg constant in ioules

c

crL

c2

R-

R-c

R-hc

 \4 Hartree enerov f,uantum of circulation h/me 36 Fine structure mnstant

3.7417710729 x1O 16Wm2

1 . 1 g 1 0 427 2293x1

O-lW m2 sf1

1 .43877 5225

22.41399639

x10

x1O -'/ m K

3m 3 mol -

10973731 5685 m

3.28984196037

2.1798719017

4.3597438134

x'10'"Hz

x10-'" J

x10 i3J

7.27389503253

x10' m' s

7 .29735253327

x10 -3

37 -oschmdt @nstanl

38

39.

ouanhrm

41 nverse of @nductan@

40

lohr raaiiLrs

\4aqneticflux quantum

iance

 2.686777547 xl0 " m aa O.52917720832 xlo-'" m Oo 2.06783363681 xl0 '"Wb

GO

G o-'

7.74809169628

x10 -"S

12906.4037865 0

16. -Eq@

4

-nrqtrn,r

\$-

f

ra

4i-#:

gtTitlFllr!-JT--

iEllrdi r ,r

tr

ZGEI.@D:

i

 46. BotE rEgrelm in l