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Pierre Lienard

Department of Anthropology University of Nevada, Las Vegas 4505 S. Maryland Parkway Box 455003 Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-5003 (702) 8953831 pierre.lienard@unlv.edu Academic Degrees
Ph.D. Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Social Sciences; Anthropology B.A. Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Social Sciences ; Anthropology (Licences & candidatures spciales) B.A. Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Journalism & Communication (Licences) Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Journalism & Communication (Candidatures) 2003 1994 1991 1989

Additional Training
Auditor Universidade de Braslia, Masterado Social & Cultural Anthropology 1991-1992 Exchange American Field Service Program, E.H.T. High School, New Jersey 1986-1987 Student

Academic employment
University of Nevada, Las Vegas Assistant Professor Washington University in St Louis, PostDoc Research Scholar Memory & Development Lab. Queens University, Belfast, PostDoc Research Scholar Institute of Cognition & Culture Washington University in St Louis PostDoc Research Fellow Memory & Development Lab. Ecole Nationale Suprieure des Arts Visiting Professor Visuels de la Cambre, Brussels, Belgium Ecole Nationale Suprieure des Arts Lecturer Visuels de la Cambre, Brussels, Belgium 2008-present 2006-2008 2005-2006 2004-2005
2002-2003

2001-2002

Areas of Specialization / Research Interests


Politics of pre-sate pastoral political & social systems (Eastern Africa) Study of Paranilotic groups (Turkana, Kenya & Nyangatom, Ethiopia) Coalitional & precaution psychologies Psychology of ritualized behavior Cultures & cognition (cross-cultural comparison)

Publications
Lienard, P. et al. (under revision) Early development of fairness in a tribal society Bryant, G., Lienard, P. & Barrett, H. C. (accepted) Infant-directed speech across distant cultures: Evidence from Africa [peer-reviewed] Young, S., Benyshek, D. & Lienard, P. (2012, forthcoming) The Conspicuous Absence of Placenta Consumption in Human Postpartum Females: The Fire Hypothesis. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 00: 000-000 [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. & Sorensen, J. (2012, forthcoming) Tools for thought: A theoretical account of
the ritual use of tool. In Armin W. Geertz (ed.), Origins of Religion, Cognition and Culture. London: Equinox Publ. Ltd. 000-000 Harrod, R., Lienard, P., Martin, D. (2012) Deciphering Violence: The potential of modern ethnography for the interpretation of archaeological populations. In: Martin DL, Harrod RP, and Perez VR, editors. Bioarchaeology of Violence: Small-scale conflict, warfare, and ritualized violence. Gainesville: University of Florida Press. p 116-168. [peer-reviewed]

Baumard, N. & Lienard, P. (2011) Second or third party punishment? When self-interest hides behind apparent functional interventions. Response letter to S. Mathew and R. Boyd. (2011) Punishment sustains large-scale cooperation in pre-state warfare. PNAS, 108 (28): 11375-11380. September 27, 2011, vol. 108, no. 39, E753 Lienard, P. (2011) (online 10/14/2010), Life stages and risk-avoidance: Status- and contextsensitivity in precaution systems, in Threat-Detection and precaution: Neuro-physiological, Behavioral, cognitive and Psychiatric Aspects, special issue of Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 35 10671074 [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. (2010) Invited review, Mind-boggling in An author meets her critics, around The Mind Possessed; The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition by Emma Cohen (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), in Religion and Society: Advances in Research, vol. 1 (Fall 2010), 164-176 Boyer, P. & Lienard, P. (2008) Ritual Behavior in Obsessive and Normal Individuals: Moderating Anxiety and Reorganizing the Action-Flow. Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 17, issue 4, 291-234. [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. & Lawson, E. T. (2008) Evoked Culture, Ritualization and Religious Rituals. In Pyysiinen I. (ed.), Religion 38 (2008) 157-171 [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. & Boyer, P. (2006) Whence Collective Rituals? A Cultural Selection Model of Ritualized Behavior. American Anthropologist, volume 108, number 4 (December 2006: 814-827) [peer-reviewed] Boyer, P. & Lienard, P. (2006) Why ritualized behavior? Precaution Systems and Action Parsing in Developmental, Pathological and Cultural Rituals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (2006) 29, 1-56 [peer-reviewed] Srensen, J. P., Linard, P., & Feeny, C. (2006). Agent and instrument in judgments of ritual efficacy. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 6(3-4), 463-482 [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. (2006) The making of peculiar artifacts: Living kind, artifact and social order in the Turkana sacrifice. The Journal of Cognition and Culture, volume 6, issue 3-4: 343-373. [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. (2006) About juvenility, the features of feminine speech and a big leap. Commentary on John L. Locke & Barry Bogin. Language and life history: A new perspective

on the development and evolution of human language. In Behavioral and Brain Sciences, volume 29, number 3 (June 2006): 293. Lienard, P. (2004) Kuju/kwap, kide/too: la valence des coordonnes spatiales de la topographie Turkana. Civilisations, volume II des actes du Sminaire "Espaces et Socits approches comparatives", vol. 52-1, 127-177, photographs [peer-reviewed] Lienard, P. & Anselmo, F. (2004) The social construction of emotions: gratification and gratitude among the Turkana and Nyangatom of East Africa. In Steven Van Wolputte and Gustaaf Verswijver (eds). At the Fringes of Modernity. People, Cattle, Transitions. African Pastoralists Studies 2. Tervuren : RMCA, 150-198, photographs. Lienard, P. (2002) Une communaut seringueira (Etat d'Acre, Brsil). In Philippe Erikson, Lenaerts, Marc (orgs.). Ides bouturer. Ethnocologie amazonienne. Nanterre: Commission Europenne (CCE DG XII), Universit Libre de Bruxelles & Laboratoire dEthnologie et de Sociologie Comparative, 271-306. Lienard, P. (2002) (Web publication) Seringueiros (Acre, Brsil) : rapport anthropologique in TSEMIM (Transmission et Transformation des Savoirs sur lEnvironnement en Milieu Indigne et Mtis), tude interdisciplinaire (botanique et anthropologique) pour la Commission Europenne DG Recherche (www.ulb.ac.be/socio/tsemim), French & Spanish. Lienard, P. (2001) Chorgraphie et sduction: les danses ngimongin des Turkana. La Pense et les Hommes, actes du colloque (6-7 octobre 2000) du Cercle du Libre Examen "Plaisirs d'Amour: la rencontre de l'autre ou le sens de la vie", 113-122. Submitted (Under review) Cultural Differences in Investing In Others And In the Future: Why Measuring Trust Is Not Enough In Preparation Warfares payoffs Politics at the Fringes

Reprints
Lienard, P & Boyer, P. (2010) Whence Collective Rituals? A Cultural Selection Model of Ritualized Behavior in Justin L. Barrett (ed.), Psychology of Religion, Series: Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, volume I, Subject: Psychological Sciences, Routledge Lienard, P. & Boyer, P. (2010) Whence Collective Rituals? A Cultural Selection Model of Ritualized Behavior In John S. Wilkins (ed.), Intelligent Design And Religion As A natural Phenomenon, Volume V, The International Library of Essays on Evolutionary Thought, 231242

Abstracts
Harrod, R., Lienard, P. & Martin, D. L. (2010) The Walking Wounded: Mapping Nonlethal Violence on living Turkana Africans to Provide Insight for Bioarchaeological Interpretations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50):124 [published abstract] Lienard, P. (2010) Disgust, Habit, or? The Evolution of an Avoidance, paper, Invited session (Human Consumption of Afterbirth (Maternal Placentophagy): A Natural and Beneficial Practice?, AAA Annual Meeting (New Orleans) [refereed abstract]

Scientific Reports
Lienard, P., Data specification and participation to the constitution of a data bank (project TSEMIM, Transmission and Transformation of Knowledge about the Environment in Indigenous and Half-caste Societies, European Commission DG XII) Lienard, P., Data specification and archiving of a collection of ethnographic items for the MRAC (Muse Royal de l'Afrique Centrale de Tervuren, Belgium) Lienard, P. 1999ms. Liste sur la collection materielle des Turkana, unpublished manuscript. Department of Ethnography, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium Lienard, P. 1999 Annotation du material photographic (mission ethnographic in Turkana 2007, 2008-2009)

Ethnographic collections
Royal Museum for central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium National Museum of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya [Collection of ethnographic items among the Turkana of Kenya & archiving of the artifacts]

Collaborations & Affiliations


The AHRC Culture and the Mind Project Editorial board of the journal Religion, Brain and Behavior National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Grants, Awards & Prizes


AFOSR Research grant (subaward): Detection of outside threat in different cultures: Ecological, cultural and cognitive factors of effective influence (2010-2013) British Academy Small Research Grant SG-42934 (2006) Templeton Foundation Research Fellow (2005 to 2006) Hoover Foundation Brussels Fellow of the Belgian American Educational Foundation, Inc (2004 to 2005) Prize granted by the jury of the Fondation de Meurs-Franois to acknowledge the quality of the student's training (2000 to 2001) Prize of the Fondation Cassel ULB (1995) Best final dissertation (Social Sciences section), Association des Docteurs et Licencis en Sciences Sociales, Politiques et Economiques, Informatique et Sciences Humaines de l'Universit Libre de Bruxelles (1994)

Teaching
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology; History of Anthropology; Cultures and Cognition; Evolution and Culture: Darwinian models of culture; Magic, witchcraft, and religion; Seminar in Cultural Processes

Fieldwork
Turkana herders, Turkana county, Kenya (active) Nyangatom herders, Omo Valley, Ethiopia

Rubber-tapper communities, State of Acre, Brazil

Meetings, Symposiums & Workshops


Organizer: Religion and Violence Symposium: Evolutionary and Political Perspectives [http://www.webster.edu/religion-violence] Oct. 11-13 2007 Participant: Ritual and Ritualization, Expert Meeting, European Science Foundation, Aarhus University, Denmark, April 2010 Threat-detection and precaution psychology, Stellenbosch, South Africa, Ball Aerospace Inc., June 17-20 2009 Fieldwork analysis, Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, University of Sheffield, UK, April 2009 Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, University of Sheffield, UK, March 2008 Norms & Moral Psychology, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, Rutgers University, USA, January 2008 Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, Rutgers University, USA, January 2008 Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, University of Sheffield, UK, April 2007 Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, Centro de Caparide, Portugal, January 2007 Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics, Culture and the Mind Project workshop, Arts & Humanities Research Council, University of Sheffield, UK., October 2006 Cultural Evolution Workshop, Org.: Dr Pascal Boyer, Memory and Development Laboratory, Washington University in St Louis, MO, USA, January 2006

Selected Recent Communications & Lectures



SCCR Symposium - Cross-Cultural Approaches to Violence, Social Control and Health in PreState Societies, Talk (With Jacqueline Casey), Traditional and Modern Warfare: Mismatch and Anxiety, February 2012 ACCIG Symposium: Multiple Perspectives on Childhood Economics, Talk (with C. Chevallier, O. Mascaro, P. Kiura & N. Baumard), Cooperation and Fairness in 5-year-old Turkana Children, February 2012

Invited talk, The interplay of decision-making, ecology & culture in fitness-enhancing behaviors among the Turkana of Northern Kenya, Department of Psychology, ASU, Arizona, March 2011 Lecture, Disgust, Habit Or.? The Evolution of an Avoidance, 109th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, New Orleans, LA, Nov. 2010 Invited Lecture, Life stages and risk-avoidance: Status- and context-sensitivity in precaution systems, Religion Department, Cognition and Culture Group, Aarhus University, Denmark, April 2010 Invited talk, Coping mechanisms, adaptations or Why do we find so many rituals being performed at critical phases of the life cycle?, Ritual and Ritualization meeting, Expert Meeting, European Science Foundation, Aarhus University, Denmark, April 2010

Talk, (with Harrod, R., and Martin, DL.) The Walking Wounded: Mapping Nonlethal Violence on living Turkana Africans to Provide Insight for Bioarchaeological Interpretations. The 79th Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Albuquerque, New Mexico. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement, April 2010 Invited talk, Coping mechanisms, adaptations or Why do we find so many rituals being performed at critical phases of the life cycle?, Ritual and Ritualization meeting, Expert Meeting, European Science Foundation, Aarhus University, Denmark April 2010