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Printer

JP 90
SERVICE MANUAL
Code 681640J-00

Stampante - Printer

JP 90
CATALOGO PARTI DI RICAMBIO SPARE PARTS CATALOGUE
Code 681650L-00

IMPORTANTE PUBBLICAZIONE REDATTA DA OLIVETTI LEXIKON (GESTIONE RICAMBI E SCORTE). QUESTO CATALOGO L' UNICO DOCUMENTO AL QUALE FARE RIFERIMENTO PER ORDINARE LE PARTI DI RICAMBIO. PER EVENTUALI INFORMAZIONI RIVOLGERSI AL NUMERO: FAX: +39.125.524025

IMPORTANT THIS PUBLICATION IS WRITTEN BY OLIVETTI LEXIKON (SPARE PARTS DEPARTMENT). THIS CATALOGUE IS THE ONLY DOCUMENT TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE FOR ORDERING SPARE PARTS. REQUESTS FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SHOULD BE FAXED TO THE FOLLOWING NUMBER: FAX: +39.125.524025.

PUBBLICAZIONE EMESSA DA: PUBLICATION ISSUED BY: Olivetti Lexikon, S.p.A. Documentazione 77, Via Jervis - 10015 Ivrea (Italy)

Copyright 1996, by Olivetti Lexikon All rights reserved

Printed in Italy by:

REF.

CODE

DESCRIZIONE

DESCRIPTION

JP 90

681650L

JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

REF.

CODE

DESCRIZIONE

DESCRIPTION

INDICE
CARROZZERIA ................................................................................................................................. STRUTTURA ..................................................................................................................................... GRUPPO STAMPA ............................................................................................................................ POMPA - TRASPORTO CARTA ....................................................................................................... GRUPPO TRASPORTO CARRELLO ................................................................................................ GRUPPO A.S.F. E MOLLE TORSIONE ............................................................................................ ALIMENTATORE ............................................................................................................................... PIASTRA ............................................................................................................................................ Pag. 3 " 4 " 5 " 6 " 7 " 8 " 9 " 10

INDICE GENERALE DEI CODICI ........................................................................................ Pag. 11

INDEX
CASING ............................................................................................................................................. Pag. 3 FRAME............................................................................................................................................... " 4 PRINTING GROUP ............................................................................................................................ " 5 PUMP - TRANSPORT PAPER .......................................................................................................... " 6 CARRIAGE TRANSPORT ASSEMBLY ............................................................................................. " 7 A.S.F. ASSEMBLY AND TORSION SPRINGS ................................................................................. " 8 POWER SUPPLY .............................................................................................................................. " 9 BOARD .............................................................................................................................................. " 10

GENERAL INDEX ................................................................................................................ Pag. 11

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CARROZZERIA CASING
REF. 1 2 3 4 CODE 204987 V 581342 X 581352 Z 309986 D 309987 E 581441 K 309995 E 309999 J 309988 P 309989 Q 309990 M 309991 A DESCRIZIONE APPOGGIO LATERALE SPINOTTO ELASTICO GR. RUOTE APPOGGIO GR. SCOCCA - CN01 GR. SCOCCA - CN111 RUOTA ANTIMACCHIA GR. FONDO STRUTTURA - CN01 GR. FONDO STRUTTURA - CN111 ETICHETTA SET-UP - CN01 ETICHETTA SET-UP - CN111 GR. CONSOLE - CN01 GR. CONSOLE - CN111 DESCRIPTION SIDE SUPPORT SPRING WHEEL SUPPORT ASSY CASING ASSEMBLY - CN01 CASING ASSEMBLY - CN111 BLOTTER WHEEL FRAME BASE ASSY - CN01 FRAME BASE ASSY - CN111 SET-UP LABEL - CN01 SET-UP LABEL - CN111 CONSOLE ASSY - CN01 CONSOLE ASSY - CN111

JP 90

5 6

4 2

3
681650L JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue 3

STRUTTURA FRAME
REF. 1 2 CODE 581322 K 309977 K 309978 U 309973 P 309974 Q 309995 E 309999 J 612791 Y PIEDINO GR. FONDELLO BASE - CN01 GR. FONDELLO BASE - CN111 GR. SCATOLA PILE - CN01 GR. SCATOLA PILE - CN111 GR. FONDO STRUTTURA - CN01 GR. FONDO STRUTTURA - CN111 PIASTRA PER JP DESCRIZIONE FOOT BASE ASSEMBLY - CN01 BASE ASSEMBLY - CN01 BATTERY BOX - CN01 BATTERY BOX - CN111 FRAME BASE ASSY - CN01 FRAME BASE ASSY - CN111 BOARDS FOR JP DESCRIPTION

JP 90

2 1

4 3

JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

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GRUPPO STAMPA PRINTING GROUP


REF. 1 2 3 4 5 CODE 581379 204926 581929 581465 204897 C X L K T DESCRIZIONE BOCCOLA GRUPPO ALBERO CAVO FLAT BLOCCAGGIO CAVO FLAT GUIDA TESTINA DESCRIPTION BUSH SHAFT ASSY FLAT CABLE FLAT CABLE BLOCKING HEAD GUIDE

JP 90

5 4 3

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JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

POMPA - TRASPORTO CARTA PUMP - TRANSPORT PAPER


REF. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 CODE 204933 581402 581413 581464 581433 581431 581434 204928 W M F J B H C H DESCRIZIONE GRUPPO POMPA GRUPPO ALBERO A CAMME SELETTORE PER TRASCINATORE ALBERO CARRELLO RUOTA INTERMEDIA (B) MOTORE AVANZAMENTO CARTA RUOTA INTERMEDIA (A) GRUPPO SUPPORTO SCRITTURA DESCRIPTION PUMP ASSEMBLY CAM SHAFT ASSEMBLY SELECTOR FOR TRANSPORTE CARRIAGE SHAFT INTERMEDIATE WHEEL (B) PAPER ADVANCEMENT MOTOR INTERMEDIATE WHEEL (A) PRINTING SUPPORT

JP 90

7 6

5 4

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GRUPPO TRASPORTO CARRELLO CARRIAGE TRANSPORT ASSEMBLY


REF. CODE DESCRIZIONE DESCRIPTION

JP 90

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

204981 204989 581592 581442 581432 581415 581451 581452 581448 581446 581382 204931

X F B L A H M N S Q Q U

GOMMINO CONTRASTO FLAT CARRELLO GR. SENSORE PRESENZA CARTA GR. SUPPORTO MOTORE MOTORE CARRELLO MOLLA SELETTORE PULEGGIA TENDICINGHIA MOLLA A COMPRESSIONE GR. SUPPORTO TENDICINGHIA CINGHIA DENTATA RULLINO DI CONTRASTO GR. ALBERO USCITA

FLAT RUBBER CARRIAGE PAPER SENSOR MOTOR SUPPORT ASSEMBLY CARRIAGE MOTOR SELECTOR SPRING BELT TENSION PULLEY COMPRESSION SPRING BELT TENSION SUPPORT TOO THED BELT CONTRAST ROLLER EXIT SHAFT ASSEMBLY

6 2 3 5 4

12

11

10

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JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

GRUPPO A.S.F. E MOLLE TORSIONE A.S.F. ASSEMBLY AND TORSION SPRINGS


REF. 1 2 3 4 5 CODE 581402 582283 581365 581361 204924 M N W S V DESCRIZIONE GRUPPO ALBERO CAMME GRUPPO PATTINO DI SPINTA MOLLA TORSIONE SINISTRA MOLLA TORSIONE DESTRA GRUPPO A.S.F. DESCRIPTION CAM SHAFT ASSEMBLY SLIDING OF THRUST ASSY LEFT TORSION SPRING RIGHT SHAFT ASSEMBLY A.S.F. ASSEMBLY

JP 90

JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

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ALIMENTATORE POWER SUPPLY


REF. 1 CODE 581553 581554 581555 581556 581557 K L M N P ALI ALI ALI ALI ALI DESCRIZIONE 220V/50Hz EUROPA 115V/60Hz USA 240V/50Hz U.K. 240V/50Hz AUSTRALIA 220V/50Hz SUD AFRICA P.S. P.S. P.S. P.S. P.S. DESCRIPTION 220V/50Hz 115V/60Hz 240V/50Hz 240V/50Hz 220V/50Hz EUROPE USA U.K. AUSTRALIA SOUTH AFRICA

JP 90

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PIASTRA BOARD
REF. 1 CODE 612791 Y DESCRIZIONE PIASTRA PER JP DESCRIPTION BOARD FOR JP

JP 90

10

JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

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REF.

CODE

DESCRIZIONE

DESCRIPTION

INDICE GENERALE DEI CODICI GENERAL CODES INDEX

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11

INDICE GENERALE DEI CODICI - GENERAL CODES INDEX


REF. CODE CODICE

CODE

PAGINA PAGE

CODICE DESCRIZIONE CODE

PAGINA PAGE

CODICE DESCRIPTION CODE

PAGINA PAGE

204897T 204924V 204926X 204928H 204931U 204933W 204981X 204987V 204989F 309973P 309974Q 309977K 309978U 309986D 309987E 309988P 309989Q 309990M 309991A 309995E 309995E 309999J 309999J 581322K 581342X 581352Z 581361S 581365W 581379C 581382Q 581402M 581402M 581413F 581415H 581431H 581432A 581433B 581434C 581441K 581442L 581446Q 581448S 581451M 581452N 581464J 581465K 581553K 581554L 581555M 581556N 581557P 581592B 581929L 582283N 612791Y 612791Y

5 8 5 6 7 6 7 3 7 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 4 4 3 3 8 8 5 7 6 8 6 7 6 7 6 6 3 7 7 7 7 7 6 5 9 9 9 9 9 7 5 8 4 10

12

JP 90 - Spare parts catalogue

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ST ATO DI A GGIORNAMENT O STA AGGIORNAMENT GGIORNAMENTO UPD ATING ST ATUS UPDA STA

DATA DATE

PAGINE AGGIORNATE UPDATED PAGES

PAGINE PAGES

CODICE CODE

09/1996

1a

EDIZIONE - 1st EDITION

17

681650L-00

PUBLICATION ISSUED BY: Olivetti Lexikon, S.p.A. Documentation 77, Via Jervis - 10015 Ivrea (Italy)

Copyright 1996, Olivetti All rights reserved

TRADEMARKS CENTRONICS is a trademark of Centronics Data Computer Corporation. EPSON and LQ 850 are trademarks of Epson Seiko Corporation. HP, DeskJet and PCL III+ are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company. IBM and Proprinter 4207 are trademarks of International Business Machine Corporation. MS-DOS and MS-WINDOWS are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Printed in Italy by:

PREFACE
This Service Manual gives the mechanical and electronic information needed to service the JP 90 ink-jet printer. Refer to this manual only if the failure has not been corrected after following the troubleshooting steps explained in the User's Guide.

SUMMARY
This manual is divided into chapters. The chapters are ordered in a way to develop an autonomous and gradual approach to the printer functions. Certain paragraphs in this manual are highlighted with a screen background so as to bring particularly important information or procedures to your attention. Disregarding the information explained in these paragraphs could cause printer failures.

SECTOR/RANGE PRODUCT: Q6

JP 90

DISTRIBUTION: General (G)

FIRST EDITION: October 1996

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JP 90 - Service Manual

iii.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.
1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-6 1-6 1-7 1-11

OVERVIEW
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM LOCATING THE FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS FIRMWARE AND CHARACTER GENERATORS OPTIONS ACCESSORIES INK-JET PRINT HEAD OPERATION COLOR INK-JET PRINT HEAD OPERATION

2.
2-1

OPERATING COMMANDS
2-1 CONSOLE

3.
3-1 3-2 3-2 3-3 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-9 3-9 3-9

INSTALLATION
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 GENERAL RULES UNPACKING THE PRINTER PLUGGING THE AC/DC ADAPTER TO THE ELECTRICAL POWER OUTLET INSTALLING THE PRINT HEAD INSERTING THE BATTERIES INSERTING THE BATTERY PACK LOADING PAPER PRINT TEST CONNECTING THE PRINTER TO THE SYSTEM POWERING OFF THE PRINTER

4.
4-1 4-2

SOFTWARE INSTALLATION AND USAGE


4.1 4.2 THE WINDOWS ENVIRONMENT THE DOS ENVIRONMENT

5.

AUTODIAGNOSTICS, TESTING PROCEDURES AND TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE


5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 POWER ON DIAGNOSTICS MONOCHROME PRINT TEST DATASCOPE PRINTING (HEX DUMP) TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

5-1 5-1 5-2 5-3

6.
6-1 6-2 6-3

ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
6.1 6.2 6.3 MAJOR COMPONENTS ON THE XP28 CPU BOARD POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT CONNECTOR SIGNALS

7.
7-1

MAINTENANCE
7.1 CLEANING THE PRINT HEAD AN NOZZLES

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JP 90 - Service Manual

8.
8-1 8-2 8-4 8-7 8-8 8-9 8-10 8-11 8-14 8-15 8-16

DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY PROCEDURES
8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8-5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 PRELIMINARY WARNINGS PRINTER CASING ASF ASSEMBLY INTAKE UNIT PAPER FEED SHAFT MAIN BOARD PAPER FEED MOTOR BELT AND PRINT HEAD CARRIAGE CARRIAGE MOTOR PAPER DETECTION PHOTOSENSOR CONSOLE

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1.

OVERVIEW

1.1 MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS


The JP 90 is an ink-jet printer that offers a high degree of reliability, an outstanding print quality and runs runs very quietly.

Fig.1-1 JP 90 Printer

Technical and Functional Characteristics of the Basic Machine


Print head: Bubble ink-jet with replaceable ink cartridge. Matrix: 600 x 300 dpi.

Print speed of the monochrome printer version (10 cpi) DOS: DRAFT 180 cps LQ 140 cps Windows : Approximately 3 pages per minute (ppm) Paper handling: Interface: Emulation: Power supply: Power absorption: Dimensions: ASF capable of holding 15, 80 g/m2 sheets of paper Centronics parallel PCL III+ (HP DJ 500), IBM Proprinter X24, EPSON LQ 850 220-240 V, 110-120 V < 15 W Height: 67 mm, width: 300 mm, depth: 132 mm, weight: 1.1 Kg (without the adapter)

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JP 90 - Service Manual

1-1

1.2 GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM

POWER SUPPLY:

ERGONOMICAL INTERFACE CABLE

ALI 009 SOUTH AFRICA ALI 018 EUROPE ALI 012 G.B. ALI 013 AUSTRALIA ALI 014 UNITED STATES

PARALLEL INTERFACE (CENTRONICS)

CONSOLE BATTERY PACK - NICD - NIMH

UNIVERSAL POWER SUPPLY AND FAST BATTERY CHARGER

CPU BOARD XP28

CARRIAGE MOTOR

CIGARETTE LIGHTER ADAPTER FOR AUTOMOBILES

PRINT HEAD

PAPER DETECTION PHOTOSENSOR

PAPER MOTOR

Note: The boxes with dotted outline indicate the options

1-2

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1.3 LOCATING THE FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS


Listed below are the printer's major components:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Casing Console Top cover Paper support Front cover Head transport carriage Sliding paper guide AC/DC power socket Parallel interface connector Extractable battery holder/Battery pack compartment Paper feed motor Suction assembly Head transport carriage motor ASF assembly

4 5

2 1

14

13

12

11 10

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JP 90 - Service Manual

1-3

1.4 FIRMWARE AND CHARACTER GENERATORS


Basic Emulation:
The basic firmware is stored in a 4 MB EPROM installed on the XP28 CPU board. It emulates the HP Deskjet 500 (PCL III +), IBM Proprinter X24 and EPSON LQ 850 printers, with all the related character generators. The JP 90 selectes between these emulations via software.

Character Generator:
The character generator assigns a specific printable character to each code in the graphic set. The first 128 codes in the ISO table (0-127) are standard and represent the USA ASCII character set. National variants and semigraphic symbols are not included in this code group. The allocation of codes from the second ISO character set table (128-255) differs depending on the country and product.

Character Sets:
The following character sets are available in a PCL III+ emulated machine: CP 437 International 8 Denmark/Norway ECMA 94 LATINO 1 ISO Nb 21 Germany ISO Nb 15 Italia ISO Nb 61 Norway 2 ISO Nb 10 Sweden ISO Nb 6 USA (ASCII) ISO Nb 16 Portugal Legal Denmark OPE 1 Denmark OPE 2 CP 863 French-Canadian ROMAN 8 CP-850 Multilingual ISO Nb 4 United Kingdom ISO Nb 69 France ISO Nb 60 Norway 1 ISO Nb 11 Sweden: Names ISO Nb 17 Spain ISO Nb 2 IRV ISO Nb 14 JIS ASCII CP 860 Portugal UNIX International Spain 2 Turkish alphabet: CP 857; ISO 8859/9 PC Cyrillic alphabet: CP 866; CP 855; ISO 8859/5 Greek alphabet: CP 210; CP 851; ISO 8859/7 Hebrew alphabet: CP 862; ISO 8859/8 PC Slovenia: CP 852; ISO 8859/2 Windows 3.1 ANSI Windows 3.1 Eastern Europe Windows 3.1 Turkey Windows 3.1 Cyrillic Windows 3.1 Greece

The following character sets are available in an IBM Proprinter X24 emulated machine: International 1 Denmark OPE 1 Spain 2 CP 860 International 2 Denmark OPE 2 CP 850

The following character sets are available in an EPSON LQ 850 emulated machine: ITALICS Table France Great Britain Denmark 2 Italy Spain 2 Norway Corea GRAPHICS Table: USA Multilingual Portugal French-Canadian Norway

USA Gernamy Denmark 1 Sweden Spain 1 Japan Latin America Legal

1-4

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Resident Fonts:
The character fonts residing in the machine firmware are grouped according to the requested page orientation, being either portrait or landscape. Listed in the following tables are all the fonts available, along with their charater heights (expressed in typographical dots) and spacings (expressed in characters per inch). List of fonts for portrait page orientations in the PCL III+ emulation

Style Courier Courier italic Letter Gothic Gothic italic Letter Gothic Team Nordic Team Nordic italic BF Team BF Team italic Linea Linea italic

Height 6 / 12 6 / 12 6 / 12 6 / 12 4.75 / 9.5 6 / 12 6 / 12 8 / 10 / 12 / 14 8 / 10 / 12 / 14 8 / 10 / 12 / 14 10 / 12

Pitch 5 / 10 / 20 / 8.33 / 16,67 / 33.34 5 / 10 / 20 5 / 10 / 20 / 6 / 12 / 24 6 / 12 / 24 8.33 / 16.67 / 33.34 Proportional Proportional Proportional Proportional Proportional Proportional

List of fonts for portrait page orientations in the PCL III+ emulation

Style Courier Courier italic Letter Gothic Letter Gothic

Height 6 / 12 / 24 6 / 12 / 24 6 / 12 / 24 4.75 / 9.5 / 19

Pitch 10 / 20 / 16.67 / 33.34 10 / 20 10 / 24 16.67 / 33.34

List of fonts for portrait page orientations in the IBM Proprinter X24 emulation

Style Letter Quality 1 Letter Quality 2 Letter Quality 2

Height 12 12 12

Pitch 10 / 12 / 17.14 10 / 12 / 17.14 Proportional

List of fonts for portrait page orientations in the EPSON LQ 850 emulation

Style Serif Serif Serif italic Serif italic Sans Serif Sans Serif Sans Serif italic Sans Serif italic
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Height 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
JP 90 - Service Manual

Pitch 10 / 12 / 15 / 17.14 / 20 Proportional 10 / 12 / 15 / 17.14 / 20 Proportional 10 / 12 / 15 / 17.14 / 20 Proportional 10 / 12 / 15 / 17.14 / 20 Proportional


1-5

1.5 OPTIONS
All the options can be installed directly by the user by following the instructions provided in the individual packagings.

BATTERY PACK (BP 50/6 - BP 50/12)


As an alternative to using the AC/DC power supply and mains voltage, or batteries, the printer can also be powered by a battery pack. Two battery packs are available, each of which are automatically recognized once inserted into the printer: - a 12 Volt Ni-Cd (nichel-cadium) battery pack that guarantees an operating autonomy of approximately 80 pages; - a 12 Volt Ni-MH (nichel and metal hydrate) battery pack that guarantees an operating autonomy of approximately 140 pages.

UNIVERSAL AC/DC ADAPTER AND FAST CHARGER (GU 50)


With this adapter the printer can be connected to any electrical power supply providing a voltage ranging between 98 and 254 Volts. Through this adapter, an appropriate holder allows the fast charging of battery packs. Charge times are approximately 40 minutes for the NiCd battery pack and approximately 1 hour for the NiMH battery pack.

CIGARETTE LIGHTER ADAPTER (CL 90)


By using the optional automobile adapter the printer can also be powered by the 12 Volts provided by the automobile cigarette lighter. The battery packs can also be charged through this adapter. Charge times are approximately 6 hours for the NiCd battery pack and 12 hours for the NiMH battery pack.

PARALLEL INTERFACE ERGONOMICAL CABLE (IC 50)


This special cable is used to connect the printer.

CK 90
Color kit

1.6 ACCESSORIES
Code 82077 F Code 82078 S Code 84435 E Code B0039 H Code B0040 N Code 82044 V - Blister with: a refillable monochrome print head and three refills - Blister with: Two sets of three refills (total of six refills) - Blister with: single-block monochrome print head - Blister with: color print head and two refills - Color kit including a color print head and four refills - Printer cover

1-6

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1.7 INK-JET PRINT HEAD OPERATION


Ink-Jet Print Head:
The ink-jet print head is made up of an interchangeable resin shell containing 50 nozzles and an electrical circuitry with 50 resistive heating elements (see Fig. 1-3a). The nozzles are assembled on a nichel and gold compound referred to as electroformatted. They They have a conical shape as shown in figure 1-3b. The ink is contained in a disposable cartridge mounted inside the shell hosting the nozzles. The ink flows to the nozzles from the cartridge through small channels in the print head's resin layer. This layer is electrically insulated from the resistive heating elements. Each resistive heating element corresponds to a nozzle and is connected to the head's external electric contacts.

Fig. 1-3a - INK-JET PRINT HEAD AND INK CARTRIDGE

NOZZLE 50m

Fig. 1-3b - NOZZLE CROSS SECTION


HEATING ELEMENT OUT OF INK SENSOR SUPPORT PLATE 140-150m

INK PAD HEATING ELEMENT NOZZLE PAD COVER FLEXIBLE ELECTRIC GRID

SPONGE

OUT OF INK SENSOR SUPPORT PLATE

SHELL

Fig. 1-3c - EXPLODED VIEW OF THE PRINT HEAD

Fig.1-3 Ink-Jet Print Head


681640J JP 90 - Service Manual 1-7

Ink-Jet Printing:
Each nozzle expels an ink bubble whenever an electrical signal is applied to the corresponding resistive heating element for a few microseconds. The small amount of ink that comes into contact with the resistive heating element the moment the electrical signal is applied boils and begins to vaporize thus creating an ink bubble. As the ink bubble begins to expand, it pushes the ink out of the nozzle and onto the paper. This ink droplet is expelled from the nozzle at a rate of about 15 m/sec. Figure 1-4a/e shows the highlights of how an ink bubble is created and expelled from the nozzle. When the resistive heating element is no longer energized and the ink droplet exits from the nozzle, new ink from the cartridge replaces the ink that was expelled onto the paper. A new signal can now be applied to the heating element so that another ink bubble can be created.

NOZZLE

Fig. 1-4a INITIAL STAGE

HEATING ELEMENT

INK

Fig. 1-4b AN ELECTRICAL SIGNAL IS APPLIED TO THE HEATING ELEMENT AND AN INK BUBBLE IS CREATED. THE INK EXITS FROM THE NOZZLE.

Fig. 1-4c THE INK BUBBLE EXPANDS TO ITS MAXIMUM SIZE.

Fig. 1-4d THE INK BUBBLE BREAKS AND THE INK IS PROPELLED ONTO THE PAPER.

Fig. 1-4e NEW INK FROM THE CARTRIDGE REPLACES THE DROPLET THAT HAS BEEN EXPELLED.

Fig.1-4 Creation of an Ink Droplet


1-8 681640J

Print Nozzles:
A total of 50 print nozzles are arranged on two rows of 25 nozzles each. In each row the nozzles are sequentially placed on each column as shown in figure 1-5.

The matrix also includes:


Dampning/balancing nozzles A,C and B,D for the outermost 2, 50 and 1, 49 nozzles. Ink cartridge balancing nozzles E and L.

GROUP A (12)

GROUP C (13)

(4.23 mm)

GROUP B (13)

Fig.1-5 Nozzle Matrix

GROUP D (12)

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JP 90 - Service Manual

1-9

Information on the Heating Element's Activation Circuitry


The heating elements are divided into four groups. Two groups have 12 elements, the other two groups have 13. Only one element can be activated at each time in each group, and therefore no more than four elements can be activated simultaneously. To avoid induction between adjcent elements, each element will be activated according to a specific sequence (Fig. 1-6). Each group of heating elements is controlled by an 18.8 V driver circuit. This voltage must be regulated in order to guarantee correct print head operation. The most typical faults that can occur with lower voltages are the following: lack of ink bubble expulsion if the print head is not used for a determined period of time, lack of ink bubble expulsion in low temperatures. Higher voltages, on the other hand, can cause the generation of incorrect ink bubble control commands or no command at all due to the possible deterioration of the heating element. .

HEATING ELEMENT ACTIVATION COMMAND

Fig.1-6 Activation Sequence of the Heating Elements

Cleaning and Servicing the Ink-Jet Print Head


The ink-jet print head demands special care as far as nozzle cleaning is concerned. Given their particular structure, dust or the drying-out of exposed ink can easily clog the nozzles.

1-10

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Listed below are some useful tips that will guarantee the optimum use of the print head: Remove the print head from its sealed container only when you are about to install it in the printer. The print head has an 18-month warranty if stored in a sealed container, otherwise the warranty is reduced to about six months (both warranty periods are cumulative). Never rest the print head on its nozzle or electric contact sides. Never rest the head on heat sources, air conditioners, nor on dirty or dusty surfaces. If necessary (when the nozzles are clogged), run the nozzle cleaning function (turn to section 7.1). This function forces ink through the nozzles to clear the passages, and will have to be run whenever one or more nozzles clog. After a print job, tightly seal the nozzle bay so the nozzles are protected against dust and to avoid the inlk from drying-out when exposed for a certain period of time. Since on the JP 90 this operation is carried out automatically after a few minutes of printer inactivity, wait a few seconds before powering off the machine after a print job. If a blackout occurs while the printer is on, power off the printer and manually push the print head to its farthest right-hand position. If after a print job the personal computer is powered off before the printer, the printer will reset itself. If the printer is powered off during its reset phase, chances are that the print head may come to a stop outside of its parking position. It is therefore suggested to power off the printer before the personal computer.

Note:

1.8 COLOR INK-JET PRINT HEAD OPERATION


Color Ink-Jet Print Head
The color ink-jet print head is made up of an interchangeable sealed shell containing 51 print nozzles, three liquid ink cartridges (one for each major color) and an electrical circuitry with 51 resistive heating elements (see Fig. 1-7a). The nozzles are divided among the three major colors as follows: Yellow: 18 nozzles Magenta: 17 nozzles Light blue: 16 nozzles

The nozzles are constructed in the same way as the ones on the monochrome ink-jet print head. They are assembled on a nichel and gold compound referred to as electroformatted, and have a conical shape as shown in figure 1-7b. The ink is contained in three cartridges, one for each color. A sponge inside each cartridge prevents the ink from being shaken during print head movements. This avoids problems during carriage translations, avoids the ink from leaking out of the bleedholes and the forming of froth. The ink flows to the nozzles through small channels in the print head's resin layer. This layer is electrically insulated from the heating elements. Each heating element corresponds to a nozzle and is connected to the head's external electric contacts.

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JP 90 - Service Manual

1-11

Fig. 1-7a - COLOR INK-JET PRINT HEAD + CARTRIDGE

NOZZLE

50m

HEATING ELEMENT NOZZLE PAD

Fig. 1-7b - NOZZLE CROSS SECTION

HEATING ELEMENT

140-150m

FLEXIBLE ELECTRIC GRID INK CARTRIDGE

INK SPONGES SHELL

COVER

Fig. 1-7c - EXPLODED VIEW OF THE PRINT HEAD

Fig. 1-7 Color Print Head

1-12

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Ink-Jet Printing
Turn to section 1.8 for a full explanation on ink-jet printing.

Print Nozzles
A total of 51 print nozzles are arranged on two vertical rows of 25 and 26 nozzles and are divided horizontally in three groups, one for each color. Figure 1-8 shows how the nozzles are placed on each row.

YELLOW BLUE MAGENTA

2 4 6 8

1 3 5 7

20 22 24 26

19 21 23 25

44 46 48 50

45 47 49 51

Fig.1-8 Nozzle Matrix

Information on the Heating Element Activation Circuitry


The heating elements are divided into four groups. Two groups have 12 elements and the other two groups have 13. Only one element can be activated at each time in each group, and therefore no more than four elements can be activated simultaneously. To avoid induction between adjacent elements, each element will be activated according to a specific sequence (see figure 1-9). Each group of heating elements is controlled by an 18.8 V driver circuit. This voltage must be regulated in order to guarantee correct print head operation. The most typical faults that may occur with lower voltages are the following: lack of ink bubble expulsion if the print head is not used for a determined period of time, lack of bubble expulsion in low temperatures. Higher voltages, on the other hand, can cause the generation of incorrect ink bubble control commands or no command at all due to the possible deterioration of the heating element.
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HEATING ELEMENT COMMAND

49, 50

51

Fig. 1-9 Activation Sequence of the Heating Elements

Cleaning and Servicing the Color Ink-Jet Print Head


Also the color ink-jet print head demands special care as far as nozzle cleaning is concerned. Given their particular structure, dust or the drying-out of exposed ink can easily clog the nozzles. Listed below are some useful tips that will guarantee the optimum use of the print head: Remove the print head from its sealed container only when you are about to install it in the printer. The print head has an 18-month warranty if stored in its own sealed container, otherwise the warranty is reduced to six months (both warranty periods are cumulative). Never rest the print head on its nozzle or electric contact sides. Never rest the print head on heat sources, air conditioners, nor on dirty or dusty surfaces. After installing the new color print head, the printer will automatically run a nozzle bleed cycle and therefore the nozzle cleaning procedure is not carried out on the color print head. After a print job, tightly seal the nozzle bay so the nozzles are protected against dust and to avoid the ink from drying-out when exposed for a certain period of time. Since on the JP 90 this operation is carried out automatically after a few seconds of printer inactivity, wait a few seconds before powering off the machine after a print job. If a line voltage failure occurs while the printer is on, power off the printer and manually push the print head to its farthest right-hand position. Whenever removing the color print head from the printer, make sure to store it in the service container supplied with the color kit. This will ensure that the ink on the print head does not dry-out.

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2.

OPERATING COMMANDS

2.1 CONSOLE
The console on the JP 90 has four keys and four LEDs.

Fig. 2-1 Console

The console keys allow you to select paper handling, the print quality and to switch the printer ON or OFF LINE. The LEDs signal machine status, and out of paper or error conditions.

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LED Functions
The table below gives the meaning of the LED signals.

LED POWER ON LINE FORM FEED CARTRIDGE

MEANING

S A A L LV A A A A AS LS3 S LS ACS AS LS3 S LS ACS AS LS3 S LS ACS L L L LV AS LS3 S LS ACS A S

Printer not powered on Printer powered and ONLINE Printer powered and OFFLINE Battery pack or batteries nearly low Low battery pack charge Data reception Out of paper condition Out of ink condition No head, or head not installed correctly Printer being powered Operator error Printer in standby Batteries being recharged NiCd batteries being discharged

S= A= L= LV= AS= LS3= LS= ACS=

Off On Flashing Flashing rapidly On in sequence, one LED at a time Simultaneous flashing three times Flashing sequentially All the LEDs ON simultaneously with the consequent turn off of one LED at a time in a continuous order

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Functions of the Keys


The following table describes the functions of the keys in the different printer operating modes. Some of the functions are obtained by pressing one or more keys simultaneously.

POWER

When pressed for less than four seconds powers the printer ON or OFF. When pressed for more than four seconds activates the battery charging function. The printer switches back to ONLINE when battery charging ends.

ON LINE (LED on)

When pressed for less than four seconds switches the printer OFFLINE. The print head carriage moves to its parking position.

ON LINE (LED off)

When pressed for less than four seconds switches the printer ONLINE.

FORM FEED

Feeds the paper to the first print line (TOF). Expels the paper that is already loaded in the printer. If there is no paper in the printer and and the FORM FEED LED is flashing, after loading paper in the printer press this key to print the data stored in the buffer. When pressed for more than four seconds allows jammed paper to be removed.

CARTRIGDE

When pressed once moves the print head carriage to the print head installation/ replacement. Pressed a second time moves the print head carriage to its parking position.

POWER + FORM FEED

With the printer powered OFF, pressing these two keys simultaneously and then releasing first the POWER key followed by the FORM FED key will print all the data in hexadecimal format. Power off the printer to exit from this print mode.

ON LINE + FORM FEED

Pressing these two keys simultaneously for more than four seconds activates the fast discharging of the NiCd batteries.

POWER + CARTRIDGE

With the printer powered OFF, pressing these two keys simultaneously and then releasing first the POWER key followed by the CARTRIDGE key automatically activates the print test.

ON LINE + CARTRIDGE

Pressing these two keys simultaneously for more than four seconds automatically prints the demo page.

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3.

INSTALLATION

3.1 GENERAL RULES


The following rules need to be followed to ensure optimum printer performance and to avoid making service calls for problems that do not directly involve the printer:

Line Voltage Supply

The JP 90 complies with the safety, ergonomy and radio frequency disturbance (EMI) norms drawn up by the following commissions:

Safety:

USA/ FCC Class B CEE EN 60950 EN 55022 Class B

EMI:

CEE EN 55022 Class B USA/ FCC/ norm FCC Class B

Never connect the printer to the same power outlet used by other industrial equipment since the printer will be subject to variations that are higher than those tolerated and with a greater degree of electrical interference.

Environmental Conditions
The environmental conditions of the area in which the printer will permanently reside must comply with the indications defined in the AB quality objectives (normal office environment). When using the printer, avoid variations in temperature that could cause condensation.

Locating the Printer


The printer must be used on a flat, steady surface. Keep it away from ventilators, radiators and direct sunlight. These instructions are particularly important for ink-jet printers.

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3.2 UNPACKING THE PRINTER


Checking the Box Contents
The basic printer is shipped in a single box containing the following components in addition to the User's Guide: - The JP 90 printer (A) - AC/DC adapter (B) - Print head (C) - Print driver diskettes (D).

Fig. 3-1 Box Contents

3.3 PLUGGING THE AC/DC ADAPTER TO THE ELECTRICAL POWER OUTLET


Plug the AC/DC coax cable plug into the DC-IN jack on the rear of the printer.

Fig. 3-2 Connecting the Power Supply


Plug the AC/DC adapter to the electrical power outlet after making sure that the voltage rating indicated on the data plate located on the bottom of the adapter corresponds to the line voltage specifications. To guarantee optimum printer performance make sure that the printer complies with the specifications indicated in section 3.1.
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3.4 INSTALLING THE PRINT HEAD


Proceed as follows to install the print head: Open the container in which the print head is stored. Remove the print head from its container, holding it on the side opposite the one with the protective seal so that you do not touch the electrical contacts.

Fig. 3-3 Removing the Print Head


Holding the print head by its outter shell, remove the protective seal from the nozzles.

Fig. 3-4 Removing the Protective Seal

Power on the printer. Press the CARTRIDGE button in order to move the print head carriage to its installation position. Lift the printer's front cover.

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Direct the print head electrical contacts towards the corresponding contacts on the carriage.

Fig. 3-5 Positioning the Print Head


Insert the print head into its slot by pushing it downwards until it snaps into place.

Fig. 3-6 Inserting the Print Head


Close the front cover. Press the CARTRIDGE key to return the print head to its parking position.

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3.5 INSERTING THE BATTERIES


Instead of being powerded by the AC/DC adapter and line voltage, the printer can also be powered by ten 1.2 to 1.5 Volt LR6/AA standard-format. They can be purchased in any hardware shop and can be of either the disposable or rechargeable type. The rechargeable batteries have to be charged using an external battery charger that can be purchased in any hardware store. Proceed as follows to insert the batteries into the printer: Remove the battery holder from the rear of the printer.

Fig. 3-7 Removing the Battery Holder


Remove the batteries from the holder. Insert the new batteries into the holder, paying attention to the polarity. Fit the holder back into the printer.

Fig. 3-8 Refitting the Battery Holder

The battery holder must NOT be removed from the printer during transport. The batteries need to be either replaced or recharged all at once. If the POWER LED begins to flash slowly, another five pages can be printed. If this LED begins to flash rapidly, the batteries are low and therefore need to be replaced.

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3.6 INSERTING THE BATTERY PACK


The battery pack can be used as an alternative to the AC/DC adapter and batteries. Two battery packs can be used: a 12 Volt 600 mAh Ni-Cd battery pack granting an operating autonomy of approximately 80 pages; a 12 Volt 1 Ah Ni-MH battery pack granting an operating autonomy of approximately 140 pages. Proceed as follows to insert the battery pack into the printer: Remove the battery holder from the rear of the printer and store it in the plastic bag provided with the battery pack. Insert the battery pack where you removed the battery holder, and make sure that its contacts fit perfectly with those of the printer.

The battery pack must NOT be removed from the printer during transportation. For safety reasons new battery packs are never charged; consequently the battery pack needs to be charged before it can be used.

If the POWER LED begins to flash slowly when using the battery pack, another five pages can be printed. If this LED begins to flash rapidly, the battery pack is low so you will need to either recharge the battery pack or replace it.

Charging or Recharging the Battery Pack


Both types of battery packs can be recharged without needing to remove them from the printer. The recharge time required for the NiCd battery pack is approximately six hours, while it is 12 hours for the NiMH battery pack. Proceed as follows to begin recharging the battery pack: Attach the printer to the electrical outlet through the AC/DC adapter. Power on the printer. Recharge can be: Automatic, in the event a battery low condition is detected or if a NiCd battery pack is being used. Pressing the FORM FEED and ONLINE keys simultaneously interrupts the recharge and returns the printer ONLINE. Manual, by pressing the POWER key for more than four seconds the battery pack is recharged for the entire period of time that the printer remains idle. Whenever the printer receives an operating command, the recharge is automatically interrupted to be then resumed as soon as the printer returns idle again.

Note: Using the optional fast charger considerably reduces battery recharge times.

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3.7 LOADING PAPER


First of all make sure that the paper support is vertical.

Fig. 3-9 Positioning the Paper Support


With the printer powered on, insert up to 15 sheets of paper on the input tray and align them with the fixed left-hand guide. Move the sliding right-hand guide against the right-hand edge of the paper. To move this guide slightly push it downwards.

Fig. 3-10 Loading Paper


To make sure the paper is loaded correctly: Press FORM FEED to move a sheet of paper in correspondence with the first print line. Press FORM FEED again to expel the sheet of paper into the collection tray.

Fig. 3-11 Paper Loading Test


When the printer receives a text to be printed, a sheet of paper will be automatically loaded to the first print line.
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Printing the Demo Page


With the printer powered on, the print head installed and paper loaded: Press and hold down the ON LINE and CARTRIDGE keys simultaneously for at least four seconds. A sheet of paper is automatically fed into the printer and the demo page is automatically printed. Do not open the printer's top cover during printing as this could cause a paper jam. Press the ON LINE key to interrupt printing temporarily; press this key again to resume printing. The demo page will list all of the printer's major functions.

Note: The demo page may be different to the one shown below. This, however, has absolutely no effect on the operation of the printer.

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3.8 PRINT TEST


To make sure the printer is installed correctly, simply run a print test as follows: Make sure there is paper in the input tray. With the printer powered off, press the POWER and CARTRIDGE keys simultaneously; release then the POWER key followed by the CARTRIDGE key. The printer will load paper and print the print test on up to three sheets of paper. Upon completion of the print test the printer is ready for connection to the system.

With this test you can check whether the printer works correctly, obtain a printout of the printer's configuration data and check that the print head nozzles work correctly.

3.9 CONNECTING THE PRINTER TO THE SYSTEM


Centronics Parallel Interface
This interface is a standard component on the printer and therefore does not require any additional option. Handshaking is synchronized by the character strobe signal, issued by the system, and by the Busy signal issued by the printer.

DATA STROBE

Td T s Td

BUSY ACK
T sb T ack T ba

The 36-pin connection cable is supplied with the system and must not be more than 2.5 meters long. An optional parallel interface is suggested as an alternative to the standard cable supplied.

3.10 POWERING OFF THE PRINTER


Before powering off the printer make sure the print head is at the far right-hand side of the carriage. It should automatically reach this position after a few seconds of printer inactivity. The purpose for this is to tightly seal the print nozzles to prvent the ink inside from drying-out. Note: If the personal computer is powered off while the printer is still on, the printer will automatically reset itself. If the printer is powered off during the reset phase, the print head may stop outside its parking position. It is therefore suggested to power off the printer before the personal computer.

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4.

SOFTWARE INSTALLATION AND USAGE


The disks provided with the printer contain the following:

A multilingual monochrome driver for Windows 95. A multilingual monochrome driver for Windows 3.1/3.11 and the printer configuration utility (for customizing the settings in DOS).

The contents of the disks guarantees compatibility with the specific operating environments and provides an easy-to-use interface through which the printer can be programmed. The disks include a Readme file containing updated information on the driver.

4.1 THE WINDOWS ENVIRONMENT


The multilingual monochrome drivers for Windows stored on the disks supplied optimize printer performance and functionality. First of all, however, the printer driver needs to be installed in your specific language version and then a check needs to be made to see whether the driver's predefined parameters provide the type of printout required. If the driver was installed by means of the Plug and Play feature, the monochrome driver can be configured by opening the Printer folder, highlighting the printer icon and clicking in Properties. On the contrary, proceed as follows: Launch Windows. In Program Manager, activate the Main group followed by Control Panel by double clicking on the relative icons. From the Control Panel, activate the Printers window in the same way. To change the default settings, click on Set; the following parameters will be displayed so that their values can be changed: Resolution (dpi): select the graphic density (600, 300,150, 75dpi). Paper size: A4, Letter, Legal, A5 (default setting: A4 or Letter, depending on the country of destination). Paper feed: ASF, Manual (semi-automatic). Orientation: Portrait or Landscape. Clicking on Options... from the Set dialog box displays a second series of parameters: Paper quality: Normal paper or Film. Print quality: LQ, Economy, Draft. Reticulation: defines the color mixtures (defult setting: Thick). Intensity control: increases/decreases the clearness of grapical images (default setting: Normal). The Reticulation and Intensity Control parameters are only active when monochrome-generated files are printed.

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Fonts
Scalable and/or TrueType fonts are avaulable with the Microsoft Windows 3.1 driver or later. Printing can be obtained with the Windows TrueType fonts or with the Portrait fonts residing in the printer (the printer's Landscape fonts cannot be used under Windows).

Print Quality
LQ Presentation Bozza Economy Combines speed and quality. Provides the best quality at a lower speed. Provides fast printing. Saves ink.

Paper Quality
By selecting Film, the quality will be LQ regardless of the setting made.

4.2 THE DOS ENVIRONMENT


The printer can use the following emulations: PCL III+ (predefined), IBM Proprinter X24 Mod. 4207/1 and EPSON LQ 850: PCL III+ mode: Select the PCL III+ driver during the configuration of the application driver. If PCL III+ is not available, select HP DeskJet 500C or HP DeskJet 500. The PCL III+ mode also supports color printing. IBM Proprinter X24 mode: Select the IBM Proprinter X24 Mod. 4207/1 driver during the configuration of the application driver. This mode only supports monochrome printing. The printer will enter an error condition if an attempt is made to print using a color print head. A demo page is not available for this type of emulation. EPSON LQ 850 mode: Select the EPSON LQ 850 driver during the configuration of the application software. This mode only supports monochrome printing. The printer will enter an error condition if an attempt is made to print using a color print head. A demo page is not available for this type of emulation.

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5.

AUTODIAGNOSTICS, TESTING PROCEDURES AND TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

5.1 POWER ON DIAGNOSTICS


The machine firmware has been designed so that a check is made on the printer's major functions at each power on. The console LEDs will inform the user if errors are detected during this autodiagnostic phase.

5.2 MONOCHROME PRINT TEST


This test checks whether the print head operates correctly, displays the printer's operating parameters and reviews the character fonts available in the printer. The following information is provided: the first two lines provide information on the printer, in particular the type of emulation selected and the firmware release provided with the printer. the third line (Print Head Test) checks whether dots that should have been printed are missing. The test indicates: the type of print head being used; a diagonal line indicating the operation of the print head nozzles; the results of the test which indicates Monochrome or Color, followed by OK if all the nozzles work correctly or by the number of faulty nozzles in case one or more may be blocked; If one or more nozzles are blocked, turn to section (7-1). After the print test, information on printer configuration (the operating parameters currently selected) the selected character set and the portrait or landscape fonts, depending on how the Orientation parameter is set, are provided. The contents of this part of the test varies depending on the selected emulation.

In the majority of cases, the operating parameters will be determined by the printer driver and will have priority over the printer's internal configuration. Proceed as follows to carry out this test: Make sure there is paper in the ASF. With the machine powered off, press the POWER and CARTRIDGE keys simultaneously; then release the POWER key first followed by the CARTRIDGE key. The printer will load paper and print the print test shown on the next page, on up to three sheets of paper.

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5.3 DATA SCOPE PRINTING (HEX DUMP)


To make sure that the command codes sent from the system are received correctly, this feature prints the corresponding ASCII code (hexadecimal) of all the characters that are input into the printer. With the printer powered off, press the POWER and FORM FEED keys simultaneously; release then the POWER key first followed by the FORM FEED key. Send a small test file from the computer. the contents of this file will be printed as a string of hexadecimal codes corresponding to the individual characters transmitted. To exit from this print mode press the POWER key to power off the printer.

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5.4 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE


This section talks about some of the most significant faults that could be detected, along with their probable cause and corrective action. These faults have been divided as follows:

Problems at Power On:


These faults concern the Vac/Vdc power and control circuits. If the printer does not power on (the POWER LED is off and there are no mechanical movements), make sure the line voltage is available. Power the printer off and then on again to check whether this fault persists. When using batteries or a battery pack, make sure these power devices do not have to be replaced/ recharged. If the fault has not been cleared, check that the fuse on the power supply board has not blown, then check the voltage input to the XP28 CPU board. Replace the XP28 CPU board as last resort. If the printer powers on but does not go through its initialization process (printer initialization is run at each power on and resets the printer), make sure the print carriage moves freely and that there is no paper jammed inside the printer. Disconnect the printer from the system. Try powering the printer off and then on again. If the POWER LED begins to flash rapidly, replace the XP28 CPU board.

Inacceptabile Print Quality


These faults do not stop the printer from operating but cause considerable deterioration of the print quality. If the printout is incomplete because one or more dots are missing (the print test shown in section 5.2 can be used for a comparison), try cleaning the nozzles as explained in section 7.1. If the Nozzle Test shows that one or more nozzles are not receiving the electrical signal, remove the print head remove the print head and clean the electric contacts on both the carriage and print head using a clean brush or a cloth dampened with an alcohol solution. If the fault persists, replace the print head with a new one. If this does not work, try replacing the print carriage and related flat cables. Replace the X28 CPU board as last resort. If incorrect or smeared characters are printed, make sure the print carriage moves freely. Bear in mind that an excessive increase in the printer's environmental temperature can cause the printed characters to smear or the generation of irregular ink droplets.

Incorrect Paper Feed


These faults include paper jams, irregular paper feed or no paper feed at all. Paper movement is controlled by a stepper motor. If the paper is not loaded in the printer, check the mechanisms that transfer motion from the motor to the paper feed rollers. If the problem persists check the motor cabling. Replace the XP28 CPU board as last resort.

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Paper or other obstructions along the paper path can cause paper jams or irregular paper feeds. To aviod paper jams it is suggested tha you load paper in the ASF only when it is empty. When loading new paper in the ASF or after removing a jammed piece of paper, always remove the sheets already present in the ASF and then reload the entire block again.

Incorrect Data Transmission


Make sure you are using the correct interface cable and that it is not too long (up to 2.5 m for a parallel interface cable) Make sure that the printer and personal computer are connected together correctly. Also make sure that the printer's configuration parameters have been correctly defined.

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6.

ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS

6.1 MAJOR COMPONENTS ON THE XP28 CPU BOARD


J2 J3 J4 J5 J6 J7 J8 J9 IC4 IC6 IC7 IC8 IC9 IC10 IC11 IC12 IC13 IC14 IC15 IC16 IC17 IC19 F1 XT1 Parallel interface Print head Print head Paper feed motor Carriage motor Paper detection photosensor Power supply Console D70433GD-16 CPU 1024-bit EEPROM 8-way ROM/RAM bus latch 32-pin socket RAM Carriage motor driver 20 volt regulator 5 volt regulator Paper feed motor driver Out of ink/Head type Head driver Had driver EEPROM 8-way latch ROM/RAM chip enable F2A fuse 32 MHz quartz

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6.2 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

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6.3 CONNECTOR SIGNALS

XP28 CPU BOARD


PAPER FEED MOTOR
1

J5
OUT1A OUT1B OUT2A OUT2B

J6

J2

J3

J4

CARRIAGE MOTOR
1

OUT1A OUT1B OUT2A OUT2B

PARALLEL INTERFACE

NSTB CD 0 CD 1 CD 2 CD 3 CD 4 CD 5 CD 6 CD 7 NACK BUSY PE ONLINE AUTOFD GND GND

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND GND INIT NERROR GND

BYNSI

S21 S6 S10 S8 C2 S2 S4 S12 S14 S16 S22 S18 S20 S26 S28 S24 S30 S32 S38 S40 S36 S42 S44 S46 S34 S51 COD2 S48 S50 C4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

C3 S49 S47 INKLEVEL S23 S35 S45 S43 S41 S37 S39 S33 S29 S31 S27 S25 INKTEST S17 S19 S15 S13 S11 S3 S1 C1 S7 S9 S5 THERM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

PRINT HEAD

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XP28 CPU BOARD


PAPER SENSOR
1

J7
VCC (*) GND

J8

J9

POWER SUPPLY
1

+DC +BATT +BATT -DC -BATT CGH TEMP


7

CONSOLE
1

VCC POWER LED GND POWER KEY ONLINE LED FORM F.LED ONLINE KEY PAPER KEY GND CARTR KEY CARTR LED
11

Note

(*) Signal indicating the presence of paper at the beginning of the line

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7.

MAINTENANCE

7.1 CLEANING THE PRINT HEAD AND NOZZLES


A print head initialization is performed periodically during printer operation. This operation consists of cleaning the print head nozzles to make sure that the ink flows freely. If the print quality is still unacceptable even after the automatic cleaning of the nozzles, remove the print head and clean it as follows: Press the CARRIAGE key to move the print head carriage to the print head installation position. Lift the top cover, release and remove the print head. Clean the electrical contacts on the print head and in its slot using a lint-free damp cloth and avoiding to touch the nozzles. Reinsert the print head into the printer, close the printer top cover and press the CARTRIDGE key to return the carriage to its parking position. If the print quality does not improve, try cleaning the nozzles on the print head. Proceed as follows to clean the nozzles: Dampen a cloth with distilled water and then wring the cloth to get rid of any excess water. Remove the print head from the printer. Holding the print head with the nozzles facing downwards, slide it on the cloth while pressing gently. Repeat this action a few times on different sections of the cloth to clean the nozzles. Reinsert the print head back into the printer and run a print test for a quality check. The cleaning of the nozzles must not be systematically repeated since it damages the print head; this operation must only be carried out as last resort before replacing the print head.

Note:

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8.

DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY PROCEDURES

8.1 PRELIMINARY WARNINGS

TO ENSURE MAXIMUM SAFETY, POWER OFF THE PRINTER AND UNPLUG IT FROM THE ELECTRICAL OUTLET BEFORE BEGINNING ANY OPERATION. ALL OPERATIONS MUST BE CARRIED OUT IN A CLEAN AND CLEAR AREA. MAKE SURE THE PRINT HEAD IS IN ITS PARKING POSITION BEFORE POWERING OFF THE PRINTER. WHEN REMOVING THE PRINT HEAD FROM THE PRINTER, NEVER RESET IT ON ITS ELECTRIC CONTACTS NOR ON THE NOZZLES; NEVER TOUCH THESE PARTS. NO ADJUSTMENTS NEED TO BE MADE TO THE PARTS AFTER THEIR DISASSEMBLY/ REASSEMBLY. TO REASSEMBLE THE PARTS FOLLOW THEIR DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURES IN REVERSE ORDER. MAKE SURE ALL THE CONNECTORS ARE FITTED PROPERLY WHEN FINISHED, TEST THE PRINTER TO MAKE SURE THAT THE FAULT IS CORRECTED.

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8.2 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE PRINTER CASING


Push the printer casing outwards and free it from the three clasps (1).

1
Release clasp (2) by pushing it outwards.

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Release the casing from the three clasps (3) by pusing it inwards.

3
Release the console (4) and remove the casing.

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8.3 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE ASF ASSEMBLY


Remove the printer casing. Push the paper feed unit sideways and release it by lifting upwards.

From the other side, free the ASF by lifting it upwards and then forwards, being careful to avoid touching the paper detection photosensor (S).

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From the rear of the printer, unhook the two clasps (1). Remove the ASF by sliding it upwards, out of the printer.

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Note:

When refitting the ASF, insert the two gears so that the two reference marks (T) are correctly positioned. Also make sure that slot (V) hooks properly onto stud (P).

T V

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8.4 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE INTAKE UNIT


Remove the printer casing. Release the paper feed assembly. Insert a screwdriver on the left-hand side of the printer and unhook the intake unit. Then remove this unit.

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8.5 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE PAPER FEED SHAFT


Remove the printer casing. Release the paper feed assembly. Remove the ASF. Remove the intake unit. Using a screwdriver, slide the bushing studs on both sides from their slots. Turn the bushings and remove the shaft.

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8.6 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE MAIN BOARD


Turn the printer up-side down. Insert the screwdriver in slots (F) and release the cover

F
Remove screw (V). Release the sever clasps (G).

G V

G
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Detach all connectors.

8.7 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE PAPER FEED MOTOR


Remove the printer casing. Remove the paper feed assembly. Remove the intake unit. Remove the motor after releasing it from the side panel.

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Remove the main board. Detach connector (1).

8.8 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE BELT AND THE PRINT HEAD CARRIAGE


Remove the printer casing. Release the paper feed assembly. From the right-hand side of the printer, push the pulley inwards and free the belt.

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New free the belt from the pulley on the left-hand side.

Remove the shaft by sliding it upwards.

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Remove the main board. Detach connectors (1)

Move hooks (2) to release the flat cable from the print head. Slide off the guide of the flat cable.

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8.9 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE CARRIAGE MOTOR


Remove the printer casing. Remove the belt and the print head carriage. Remove the main board. Detach connector (1)

Move clasp (2) to free and remove the carriage motor.

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8.10 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE PAPER DETECTION PHOTOSENSOR


Remove the printer casing. Free the paper feed assembly. Free the paper detection photosensor (1) from its slot.

Remove the main board. Detach connector (2).

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JP 90 - Service Manual

8-15

8.11 DISASSEMBLY/REASSEMBLY OF THE CONSOLE


Remove the printer casing. Remove the main board. Detach connector (1)

8-16

681640J

UPD ATING ST ATUS UPDA STA

DATE

UPDATED PAGES

PAGES

CODE

10/1996

1st EDITION

63

681640J-00

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