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Math 1314

College Algebra

Fall 2010

LSC North Harris

Material taken from:

Weltman, Perez, Tiballi unpublished material

“College Algebra” version by Stitz and Zeager

3
7

Go to LSC‐North Harris Math Department website for updated and corrected versions of this material.

Math Dept Website: nhmath.lonestar.edu

Section 2.4-Absolute Value

 1. x  8 or x 8 3. 7. x  4 or x 3 9. 13. x  2 or  x  8 15. 3 19. x  8 or x  8 21. 3 25. x  4 or x  2 27. 15 3 31. x  1 33. 3 37. x  3 or x 1 39. 43. x  5 or x  1 45. 3 5 51. 5,5
x
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3 4 5 6
55.
[4,]2
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3
4
59.

,
11 1 

[,
)

x

5,4

63.

67. No Solution

5
5
x
 6 or x  6
5.
x 
or
x 
4
4
7
x  10 or x  2
11.
x
or
x 
2
2
10
14
No solution
17.
x
or
x 
3
3
5
14
8
x
 
23.
x
or
x 
2
5
5
10
x
 5 or x  4
29.
x

2 or
x 
3
17
13
No solution
35.
x
or
x 
12
12
11
x
 2 or x
 4
41.
x

2
11
x 
3 or
x 
7
53.
, 1 (,1 )
x
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
1 2
3 4 5 6
57. [5,]9
x
-6-5-4-3-2-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
61.  ,
5
[,
7 
)
x
-1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011
1
65.
x 
3
x
-1
1
2
1
- 2
3
- 3 1
3
3
11
69.
3 ,
 
3
 
2
7
8
3 10 11
4
3 3
3 3

Page 15

x

71.

 

 

,

1

3

 

3

(,

)

-2

-1

1

2

3

4

75.

,

1

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

2 3 4 5 6

79.

4,8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011

x

x

83.

,1

[,5 )
-3 -2 -1
1
2 3 4
5 6 7 8

x

x

87.
9,1
x -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

91.

10

2
 
,
,
 
3

3
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2

x

Page 16

73.

x  

1

2

or

 

 

,

11 



22 

,

 

-2

- 1

2

2

1

2

1

3

2

- 3 -1

2

x

77.  ,

2

 

 

2

3

,

-4

-2

 

 

 

3

, 1

7

2

4

2/3

81.

x

1

3

2 1

3

-3 - 8

3 - 3 7

-2 - 5

3 - 3 4

-1 - 2

3 - 3 1

85.

 ,

9

4





7

4

,

-3

-2

-1

1

2

3

x

x

89. 1,5

5

-2 -1

1

2

3

4

6

7

93. ,0
 (,1 )
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3

x

x

Absolute Value Inequalities

 1. x ≤ 3 18. 3 x −124− > 2. x < 5 19. 92 − x − 2 ≥− 1 3. x + 2 ≤ 7 20. 2 x + 458− > 4. 3 x − 5 < 10 21. 2 x − 3 < 12 5. x − 2 < 4 22. 2 x + 59≥ 3 23. 2 x − 3 5 + ≤ 13 6. 2 x + 3 ≤ 10 24. 4 x − 1 − 7 > 13 7. 4 x + 239−< 25. 2 x + 1 + 12 = 5 8. 3 x −+≤ 1 7 10 26. − 45 − x = 4 9. − 14 x − 7 <− 2 27. − 2 x − ≤ 56 10. − 12 x − 4 ≤− 1 28. x 2 + 1 ≥ 0 11. x ≥ 4 12. x > 7 29. 67 + x ≤ 0 13. x + 1 ≥ 8 30. x + 2 6 + > 3
 14 2 x −17≥ 15 x − 1 5 > 3 16 3 x + 48≥ 17 2 x + 10 ≥ 16
31. 6 +
8 + x
≤ 4
32. > 0
x
+ 1
33. 5
3
x + 1
+ <
5
34. 5
4
7 − x
+ <
9

Page 17

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

[3,3]

(5,5)

[9,5]

 

5

3

,5

 

(10,14)

,

 

(5,1)

13

7

2

2

[0,2]

 

1,

3

 

2

 

[1,2]

(−∞,4][4,)

(−∞,7)(7,)

(−∞,9][7,)

(−∞,3][4,)

(−∞,14)(16,)

(

,4

−∞ −

]

4

3

,

Page 18

17.

(−∞−, 18][2,)

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

(−∞−, 1) (3,)

(−∞,4][5,)

21

2

 

 

(−∞−, 7][2,)







5

−∞− ,

9

15

2

,

2

 

2

23. [1,7]

,

24.

(−∞−, 4) (6,)

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

x = 5

(−∞,)

(−∞,)

6

x =−

7

(−∞,)

(−∞−, 1) (1, )

 

27.

−  3
±
6  
 
2
 
29.
{
2± 2
}
1
31.
± i
3
33.
{
2± 2
}
35.
{−6, −2}
37.
{
3 ±
10
}
39.
{−5 ± 3i}

41.

43.

45.

47.

49.

−  5
±
13  
 
2
 
− 2
±
3
 
2  
 5
±
57  
4  
−  1
± i
59  
 
6
 
{
1± 3
}
51.
{−4 ± i}
 5 
53.
2 
55.
{
3±i 5
}
Page 34

Section 2.7—Miscellaneous Equations

1.
− 2
0,
,3
5
3.
{0, −5, −2}
−
3
5.
,1, − 1
2
2 2 
7.
2,
,
3
3
1
9.
,
± 2 i
3
11.
1
i
3
 
3,1,
±
2
2
 
 

13.

1

2, ,1

2

± i

− 5

2

15.  

17.

3

19.

21.

23.

25.

27.

29.

31.

33.

{4}

{9}

{1}

{6}

{1}

{32}

{3}

{1}

35.
{3}
3
37.
± , ± 2
3

39.

3

± , ± i

2

 

 

Page 46

 

 

59.

61.

63.

65.

67.

69.

71.

1 3

,

3

5

{7,3}

1 ,2
2

{1,15}

{16,11}

{31,33}

80

 

3

Find all solutions of the equation.

 1. x 4 2 −13 x +=40 0 14. 10 x − 2 − x − 1 − 24 = 0 4 2 − 2 − 1 2. x −5 x +=40 15. 3 x − 7 x 60 − = 3. x 6 − 2 x 3 −=30 16. 2 x − 2 − 7 − x 1 − = 40

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

6
3
x
+7 x −=80
2
1
325x
3
+ x
3
=
 x 4 2 3 3 −5 x +=60 x 1 1 2 − 2 x 4 +=10 x 1 1 2 − 4 x 4 +=40 4 x 1 1 2 − 9 x 4 +=20
1
1
2
4

x 3 x +=20

2
1
2
x
3
−5 x −=30
3
2
1
3
x
3
+ 5 x
3
−=20
4
2
4
x
3
− 65 x
3
+=16 0

Page 47

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

7 x

5 x

6 x

9 x

2

2

2

4

+

+

19 x

43 x

x

1

1

1

=

=

6

18

=

2

2

4

35 x

2

2

(

0

+ 7 x ++2

=

)

(

(

(

(

x + 2

)

12 = 0

)

−=60

)

20 = 0

2 x + 5

3 x + 4

)

)

)

2

2

(

(

2 x + 5

63 x + 4 +=9

(

)

2 x +−−2 x

0

2
25. 2
(
x +1
)
1
x − 2
2
26.
(
)
−5 x +=13
(
)
1
= 11 x −−2
(
)
4

18

1. =±2 2,± 5
x
2. =±2, ±1
x
3. =
x
3,−1
4. = −2,1
x
125 ,1
5. =−
x
27
6. =±2 2,±3 3
x
7. = 1
x

8. x = 16

 1 9. ,16 x = 256 10. = 16,1 x 1 11. =− x ,27 8 12. = x 1 8 27 − , 1 13. =± ± x 64 8 , 2 5 x 14. =− , 3 8

3

1

15.

x =−

2

, 3

1

16. =− 2, 4

x

17.

18.

19.

x =

7 1

2

, 3

5

1

x

=−

2

,

9

x

=

2,

3

2

20.

x

i

3 , ±

1

2

21. x = −5, 6

 7 22. x =− 1, − 2 1 23. x =− 3 24. x = 7,−2 3 25. x = 2, − 2 26. x = 6563,18

Page 48

Section 2.8-Polynomial and Rational Inequalities

 1.     2 , 1    3 -2 - 5 3 - 3 4 -1 - 2 3 - 3 1 1 2 1 3 3 5.      , 9   2   [ 0 ,  )
 3. , 4   (,5 ) -1 1 7.  1, 5  2 3 4 5 6 7 -2 -1 1 2 4 5 6
 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 31.  2, 5  1 2 3 4 5 6
 9. x  1 2 11.  2  32,  3  3 13. -1 - 1 2  ,42    1 2 42 ,  1 2 – 3 15. , 2 + 3 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5
–4 – 2
–4 + 2
17.
No Solution
21.
,1
(,)23
(,3 )
-1
1
2
3
4
1 
3
25.
0 ,
, 

 
2 
2
 
-1
1
1
3
2
5
3
- 1
2
2
2
2
29.
3
,

-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
 19. , 5   (32,) -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 23. 1  ,  -2 -1 1 2 3 4

27.

, 5 33,

Page 62

33.

  ,  1 6   (, ) 3
 -2 -1 1 2 4 5 6 7 6  , 5  -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5 6

37.

41. 2, 4

-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
45.
,10 
(,4 )
-10 -8
-6 -4 -2
2
4
6
49.
, 4 
 (2,)
-6
-4
-2
2

Page 63

 35.   , 3      1 , 2     -4 - 7 2 -3 - 5 -2 - 3 -1 - 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 39. , 6  -8 -7 -6 -5 -4
43. 
,
2 
(,
4 
)
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
47.

,  6
 14
(
,)
-8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
1 2 3 4 5 6
51.
 

,
 13 
 
 
4 , 1
2

-8

-7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

1

2

Section 3.1-Relations and Functions

1.

6
5
C
4
A
3
2
D
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
B
-2
3.
d
 10, M
(3, 1)
3
5.
d 
17,
M 
(
,1)
2
7.
d
2
29, M  (3,3)
5
1
9.
d
 7
2,
M

  
,
2
2
 
109
11
1
11.
d
,
M
,
12
  
8
4
 
13.
d 
23.05  4.8, M ( 0.15, 2)
5
15.
d
 3
13,
M
,
2
2
   
 
2 x
 h
1
17.
d
hM ,
y
1
  
,
2
 
19.
B  (10,11)
11
21.
(
,6)
2
23.
P 10 6 5, A  20
27.
(7,2);(9,2)
29.
(3,12);(3, 2)
31.
(0,9);(0, 7)
37.
Center ( 3,0); radius  37

Page 87

In exercises 25-42 an equation and its graph are given. Find the intercepts of the graph, and determine whether the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, and/or the origin.

25.
6
5
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3
4
-1
-2
2
-3
y = x
28.
x = y 2 + 2
31.
x 2 + y 2 = 4
26.
6
5
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3
4
-1
-2
4
-3
y = x
29.
y = 2x
32.
4x 2 + 9y 2 = 36

Page 99

27.
y =3–|x|
30.
y = –3x
33.
y = 1
x

34.

35.

36.

1
x 2 + 1
37.
x 2 – y 2 = 1
40.
2
y = 4 – x
x = |y|+3
38.
y 2 – x 2 = 1
41.
y = x 2 + 2

Page 100

y = 4 – x
39.
x = y 2 – 4
42.
2
x =
4 – y

In exercises 69-72, sketch a graph that is symmetric to the given graph with respect to the y-axis.

69.
71.

70.

72.

In exercises 73-76, sketch a graph that is symmetric to the given graph with respect to the x-axis.

73.

74.

Page 102

75.

76.

In exercises 77-80, sketch a graph that is symmetric to the given graph with respect to the origin.

77.

78.

79.

80.

Write Algebra

81. Explain what it means for the graph of an equation to be symmetric with respect to the

y-axis, x-axis, or the origin.

82. How do you find the intercepts of the graph of an equation?

83. Describe a strategy for finding the graph of an equation.

Page 103

Section 3.2-Graphs of Equations

1.

4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
-2
-3
-4

7.

4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
-2
-3
-4
13.
4
3
2
1
-2 -1
1
2 3
4
5 6
-1
-2
-3
-4
3.
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
-2
-3
-4
9.
15.
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
-2
-3
-4

Page 104

5.

3
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3
4
-3
-6
-9
-12

11.

17.
4
3
2
1
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
-1
-2
-3
-4

19.

21.

23.

6
5
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1 -1
1
2 3 4 5 6
-2
6
5
4
3
2
1
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 -1
1
2 3 4
-2
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
-2
-3
-4
 25. (0,0); symmetric with respect to y-axis 27. (0,3),(3,0),(3,0); symmetric with respect to y-axis 29. (0,0); symmetric with respect to origin 31. (0, 2),(2,0),(2,0); symmetric with respect to

y-axis, x-axis, and origin

 33. No intercepts; symmetric with respect to origin 35. (3,0); symmetric with respect to x-axis 37. (1,0); symmetric with respect to y-axis, x-axis, and origin 39. (0, 2),(4,0); symmetric with respect to x-axis 41. (0,2); symmetric with respect to y-axis
43.
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3
4
-1
-2
-3
-4

45.

6
5
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3
4
-1

47.

49.

4
3
2
1
-2 -1
1
2
3
4 5
6
-1
-2
-3
-4
51.
4
3
2
1
-2 -1
1
2 3
4
5 6
-1
-2
-3
-4
53.
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-2 -1
1
2
3
4 5
6
-1
-2

Page 105

55.

57.

59.

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-2 -1
1
2
3 4
5 6
-1
-2
61.
4
3
2
1
-2 -1 -1
1 2
3 4
5 6 7 8
-2
-3
-4
67.
6
5
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3
4
-1
-2
4
3
2
1
-2 -1
1
2 3
4
5 6
-1
-2
-3
-4
63.
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2
3 4
-1
-2
-3
-4
69.
4
3
2
1
-2 -1 -1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-2
-3
-4
65.
4
3
2
1
-4 -3 -2 -1
1
2 3
4
-1
-2
-3
-4
71.
73.
75.
77.
79.

Page 106

Section 3.4-Relations and Functions

 1. Yes, it is a function 3. No, not a function 5. Yes, it is a function 7. Yes, it is a function 9. f (  )  3 5

0

f

fx

f

(

(

(

)

)

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