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Cotton and Polyester

Course Code: TEX-204 Batch:1202 Submitted To Md. Rashaduzzaman

Dept. of Textile Engineering

Submitted By
Md. Golam Sarwar, ID:120103019 Md.Asaduzzaman, ID:120103028 Md.Murad Hossain, ID:120103041

Dept. of TE Submission date: 07-08-2013








1.1 BACKGROUND The glorious Bangladeshi industrial past was related with cotton and polyester goods, jewels, embroideries etc. After independence, large scale industries especially in consumer goods like cotton textiles, jute and sugar had registered significant growth. Large scale industries are those which require huge capital investment and long growing period. Among all the subsectors of the textile industry, spinning is perhaps the most modernized segment. Production in fiscal 2008-09 (April-March) was 3,049 million kg, of which 2,205 million kg was pure cotton yarn and the rest was synthetics and blends, such as polyester/viscose; polyester/cotton and spun acrylics. The industry exported about 540 million kg of cotton yarn and about 100 million kg of blended yarn, which together works out to about a fifth of the total output. The spinning industry grew at a very rapid pace in the first half of the nineties. Thereafter growth slowed to some extent but through the nineties, India has installed nearly 15 million spindles. Large scale industrial sector is one of those sector that paved the way for economic growth in a country like Bangladeshi cotton industry is a major large scale industry and contributed one fifth or 20% of the total industrial output of the country. The cotton textile industry has three main divisions. They are:1) The mill industry producing yarn & cloths 2) The power loom factories producing clothes from mill made yarn

3) Widely dispersed handloom units producing cloth both from mill made and hand spun yarn. 1.2 OBJECTIVES The study apart from a brief overall review of the organization, referring the general activities of both the managerial and non-managerial level of the organization. The main issue of concern related to the practical difficulties and management practices carried out during the entire process of the production of the product and also the organizational behavior towards various issues arising during the production activities are concentrated in this study. The other aspects of the study is enlisted below. To study in detail the entire structure and functioning of the company. To make an analysis of the organizations performance. To know the Company Profile To understand how the key business process are carried out in organizations To understand about the functioning of each department in detail. To understand the extent to which management theory matches with actual practices.

1.3 NEED FOR THE STUDY This study is basically focused on understanding the practical exposure in the industry and not for data and information i.e. to experience the firsthand knowledge about how an organization is being run. To identify and understand the practical work process followed in an organization. To understand various practical difficulties faced in an organization and how its solved in a profitable manner. To study and prepare an organization chart of an organization and to understand the functions of the organization at various departments at each level. To interact with the personnels and workers (both external & internal) to find if there are problems with the process and record the findings. To undergo a brief study on the following management aspects :

Production and Operation Management. Marketing of the product. Human Resource Management. Accounting and Finance Management.

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY Good Management Practices and Organizational Functionality is an important factor for any Organization to achieve the desired goals and Objectives. This study allows to know about the overall perspective and performance of COTTON SPINNING MILL Industries in Bangladesh and a basic practical study on MILON COTTON SPINNING MILL (P) LIMITED, TONGI.DHAKA

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY In todays world, business has become more and more competitive and the technology has changed the nature of business and organization. This study analyses in detail about the functions of different departments on the basis of which strength, weakness, opportunity, and threats are arrived at. The findings of this study would give valuable information for improving the overall performance of the organization.

1.6 LIMITATION The busy schedule of the department heads restricted the collection of detailed information. Time to time company meetings also restricted the visit to several departments. The confidentiality restricted the collection of financial accounts. The information given by the persons may not be complete because of their busy work schedule.


2.1 MAJOR OBSERVATIONS The following are the major observations made from the educational study. The industry has a strong management team which greatly influences the improved performance of the organization over the years.

The organization mainly suffers a drastic dropped down of its production activity on two aspects, o Scarcity of labor availability. o Fluctuation in power supply. The major problem is the labor availability which has gone down drastically over the past 5 years which is due to the Governments scheme on 100days working which has drawn majority of the labor population which in turn reduced the work force availability for the production process. The second most problem faced by the organization is the unstable and fluctuating power supply in that region. Power acts as the main source of a production process. The fluctuating power supply has decreased the production capacity of organization which makes it unsuitable to fulfill the companies per day production requirement.

These problems have caused the company to reduce its work shifts from 3 shift per day to 2 shift per day.

2.2 CONCLUSION The organizational study under taken gives an insight in to the function of the Milon COTTON SPINNING MILL. The structure of the mill is well planned and

organized. The management is having a good control in the day to day functioning of the company. However it is not in position to control the workers absenteeism. Due to various reason there is more of labor problem due to the 100 days work scheme by the state government which affects greatly on the production capacity of the company. And also the fluctuation of power supply greatly affects the production process. The modernization program of introducing automated machineries and power generators will be an answer to these problems. The financial position is also not sound due to the loss incurring by the mill. The modernization programme will be an answer to this problem also to some extent, the quality improvement if undertaken will boost the export and their by improve the financial position. The study has helped extensively to understand the various function and problem being faced by a manufacturing company.

REFERENCES Books,Article,Publications:
1. Article: Bangladesh today: The spinning industry, September 1, 2000 2. Principles of Yarn Production, Burkhard Wulfhorst, Thomas Gries. 3. Selecting Cotton Bales by Spinning Consistency Index, Abhijt Majumdar, Prabal Kumar. 4. Human Resource Management, Humayun kabir, Anulipi Publication, 2013. 5. Marketing Management, by A.S.m khasru, News of TEXTILE Bangladesh,2012

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.