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Applied Statistics and Computing Lab Indian School of Business

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

Learning goals
To understand the discrete uniform distribution To study examples of discrete uniform distributions

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

The gender of a baby-to-be-born has an equal probability of being male or 1 female. For these two possibilities, we can say that each has a probability of 2 A badminton player would be playing exactly 2 matches in the next tournament. The player has an equal chance of winning 0 matches, 1 match or both the 1 matches. Each of these possibilities has a probability of 3 On a similar note, each face of a die has equal probability of appearance, when 1 thrown once. Therefore there is chance of any of these faces showing up

Suppose that an ice-cream parlour sells one special flavour every day and every flavour is repeated every 10 days. For a customer who does not know the sequence in which the flavours are sold, there is equal chance of getting to eat one of these ten flavours on a random day

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

Any experiment for which we can establish that each of its outcome is equally likely, a uniformly distributed variable could emerge If a random variable takes values (1,2,... ) and each of these distinct values has an equal or uniform probability of occurrence, such a variable is said to follow Uniform distribution with probability mass function, 1 = = where k = 1,2,3, , n Denote this variable as ~(1,2, , )
Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

Uniform distribution
Outcome number
1 2 3 k n 1 1

Value of variable X
1 2 3

Probability 1 1 1

Due to the shape of the graph, Uniform distribution is also called the Rectangular distribution
Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

Uniform distribution (contd.)

We must be careful about the range of value taken up by Suppose takes values 0,1,2,,, then there are (+1) equally likely outcomes and hence 1 = = + 1 Essentially, a uniformly distributed variable can take each of the discrete values in an interval [, ] where ( ) = ( 1)
The values do not have to be sequential or starting from 0 or 1
Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

Properties of Uniform distribution

It is the simplest probability distribution
For ~ 1,2, , ,


(+1) 2
(2 1) 12

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab

Thank you

Applied Statistics and Computing Lab