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 Rocket City Math League 2011-2012 Apollo Test Round 3

Answers must be written inside the adjacent answer boxes. All answers must be written in exact, reduced, simplified, and rationalized form. All decimals and mixed numbers must be written as improper fractions. No calculators, books, or other aides may be used.

 1. If 4 space ounces amount to 3 regular ounces, how many space ounces amount to 21 regular ounces? (1 point) 2. On a 2D intergalactic map, the planets A, B, and C are located at the vertices of a right triangle with legs 4 and If planet B is located at the right angle of the triangle, what is the distance (on the map) between planets A and (1 point) 12. C? 3. A spaceship travels in a circle with the equation X 2 +Y 2 =64. What is the area of this circle in terms of π? (1 point) 4. An alien at a space rest stop tells you that you are 763 light years away from your destination. However, this alien only describes numbers in base 8. How many light years, in base 10, are you from your destination? (1 point) 5. Bill Hihowareya the Game Guy wants to play a game. In this game, you pay \$10 to roll a dice once. If you roll a 6, Bill gives you \$30. If you roll a 5 or 4, Bill gives you \$12. If you roll any other number, you get nothing. What is your expected value after one turn? (2 points) 6. Your new spaceship only runs on fuel with an 8% oxygen content. You only have two types of fuel: one is 10% oxygen while the other is 5% oxygen. In order to make fuel to run your spaceship, you need to mix the two types of fuel in order to achieve the right oxygen content. How many gallons of the fuel with 10% oxygen content is needed to make 20 gallons of fuel with an 8% oxygen content? (2 points) 7. The volume of an Ever-Expanding balloon is given by the equation , where is the volume, in hyperliters, of the balloon and is the amount of time, in seconds, after the balloon has been tied shut. If the maximum capacity of the balloon is 42 times the initial capacity, how many seconds after being tied shut does it take for the balloon to reach maximum capacity and pop? (2 points) 8. Let the eigenvalues of the matrix be and , where an eigenvalue e of matrix is a value such that det = 0. Find the sum of all possible products . (3 points) 9. Find the length, in inches, of a side of a regular octagon whose area in square inches is numerically equal to the maximum possible value of the function . (3 points) 10. Evaluate + + . (4 points)

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