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# ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering

## Lecture 10: Mechanical Design Local Buckling (External Overpressure): Part 1

Shawn Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. Assistant Professor Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Memorial University of Newfoundland spkenny@engr.mun.ca

Course Update

Mid-Term
Monday March 3 0100-0200PM EN4035

## ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10

Lecture 10 Objective

to examine local buckling (system collapse) mechanical behaviour of pipelines subject to external overpressure

## ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10

External Overpressure

Characteristics

Pe

Pe > Pi
Pi

Pressure

Effects

Gulf of Mexico

## Off Continental Shelf

Norwegian Sea North Sea Grand Banks Scotian Shelf Gulf of Mexico Asia West Africa Brazil Australia

Orphan Basin

Flemish Pass

Salar Basin

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## C-FER Test Facility

Ref: DeGeer et al. (2007) Ref: DeGeer et al. (2004)

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## Bending of Thin Circular Ring

Strain Energy

Inextensional deformation

## Centerline neglected Bending strain only

d 2w Mr 2 Pr 3 +w = (1 cos ) 2 d EI 2EI
2

U=

M r 2r 2 2 d = M d 2E I EI 0

## Pr 3 4 + w= cos sin 4EI

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2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

Point force

P = r 2

## Ring Section Behaviour

Perfect circular cross-section Compressive force <<< critical n Pr 3 ( 1) cos ( n ) w=

EI n =2
3

(n
n

v=

Pr EI n =2 n n 2 1 2

( 1) sin ( n )

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## Thin Ring Solution

Consider Forces

Compressive Tensile
2Pr w= EI
3

n =2

( 1)

cos ( n )

Sr 2 n 1 1 2 n 1 EI
2

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## Increases with S Minimum critical force (n = 2) Radial deflection expression

2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

n ( S=

1 EI r2

3EI Scr = 2 r

2Pr 3 cos ( 2 ) w = 9 EI Sr 2 1 S cr
Ref: Timoshenko and Geer (1961)

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## Uniform Pressure on Circular Ring (cont.)

D = 1.0m t = 25mm E = 205GPa

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## Elemental Ring Unit Width

E E/(1 - 2) I h3/12

## Perfect Circular Cross-Section

Equation Terms

Pecr elastic collapse pressure ecr elastic membrane stress E elastic modulus r mean pipeline radius t nominal wall thickness Poissons ratio

E tnom Pec = 4 1 2 r

E tnom ec = 2 2 r 1

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## Critical Pressure for Elastic Stability

E tnom Pec = 4 1 2 r
D/t <10 Plastic yield / ovalization
3

y = 360MPa

E tnom ec = 1 2 2r

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## ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10

Practical Considerations

Tolerance Requirements
Geometric imperfections Out-of-roundness

Strength Properties
Heat treatment Compressive residual stress

Installation Bauschinger effect

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## ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10

Braskoro, S., Dronkers, T.D.T.,and van Driel, M. (2004). From Shallow to Deep Implications for Offshore Pipeline Design. Journal of the Indonesian Oil and Gas Community [2004_Braskoro_Deepwater_Design.pdf] DeGeer, D., Marewski, U., Hillenbrand, H-G., Weber, B. and Crawford, M. (2004). Collapse Testing of Thermally Treated Line Pipe for Ultra-Deepwater Applications. Proc., 4th International Conference on Pipeline Technology, 12p. [2004_DeGeer_Collapse_Ultra_Deep.pdf]

DeGeer, D., Timms, C., Wolodko, J., Yarmuch, M., Preston, R. and MacKinnon, D. (2007). Local Buckling Assessments for the Medgaz Pipeline. Proc., OMAE 2007, OMAE2007-29493, 11p. [2007_DeGeer_Local_Buckling_Medgaz.pdf] Luciano, O. Mantovano, L.O., Amenta, P., Charreau, R.. Johnson, D., Assanelli, A. and Toscano, R.G. (2006). Finite Element Modelling and Experimental Validation of Buckle Arrestors for Deepwater Pipelines., Mecnica Computacional Vol XXV, pp.687-704.

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## ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10

References

DeGeer, D., Marewski, U., Hillenbrand, H-G., Weber, B. and Crawford, M. (2004). Studies on Collapse Testing of UOE Linepipe for Deepwater Applications., Proc., Pipeline Technology, p.753-771. DeGeer, D., Timms, C., Wolodko, J., Yarmuch, M., Preston, R. and MacKinnon, D. (2007). Local Buckling Assessments for the Medgaz Pipeline. Proc., OMAE 2007, OMAE2007-29493, 11p. DNV (2007). Submarine Pipeline Systems. Offshore Standard, DNV OS-F101, October 2007, 240p. MMS (2008) http://www.mms.gov Rigzone (2008). http://www.rigzone.com/news/article.asp?a_id=5222 Timoshenko, S.P. and Gere, J.M. (1961). Theory of Elastic Stability. McGraw-Hill. Ugural, A.C. and Fenster, S.K. (2003). Advanced Strength and Applied Elasticity, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 544p.

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