Sei sulla pagina 1di 1

Lebaran shopping For Lebaran, Indonesians usually will buy and wear new clothes and footwears.

Shopping malls and bazaars are usually filled with people to get things for Lebaran such as; new clothes, shoes, sandals even food to serve days ahead of Idul Fitri, which creates a distinctive festive atmosphere throughout the country, along with traffic mayhem. Lebaran creates special occasions for shoppings that often generate retail business, as the result retail businesses will try to attracts shoppers with special Lebaran discounts. It is quite similar with Christmas for Christians, however the things bought usually fashion apparels, clothings and footwear, and it is bought for oneselves, not as gift for others. Many banks, government and private offices are closed for the duration of the Lebaran festivities. Mudik lebaran One of the largest temporary human migrations globally is the prevailing custom of the Lebaran where workers, particularly unskilled labourers such as maids and construction workers, return to their home town or city to celebrate with their families and to ask forgiveness from parents, in-laws, and other elders. This is known in Indonesia as mudik, pulang kampung (homecoming). It is an annual tradition that people in big cities such as Jakarta, Surabaya, or elsewhere, travel to their hometowns or other cities to visit relatives, to request forgiveness, or just to celebrate Eid with the whole family. The government of Indonesia provides additional transportation to handle the huge amount of travellers. However, the impact is still tremendous as millions of cars and motorcycles jam the roads and highways, causing kilometres of traffic jams each year.[1] The annual massive traffic jam usually hit Jalur Pantura, Javan north coast road. Additionally, the wealthier classes often go to local hotels or overseas to accommodate the absence of their domestic servants, drivers and even security guards. Singaporean, Malaysian and Indonesian hotels have been particularly successful marketing lucrative Lebaran or Idul Fitri "escape package". Takbiran The night before Idul Fitri is called takbiran, it is filled with the sounds of many muezzin chanting the takbir in the mosques or musallahs. In larger cities people usually fill the streets and also chanting takbir in their cars and motorcycles, which often creating night of traffic jam. In some instances fireworks and firecrackers might be ignited, however these actions is discouraged by police officers as it could be dangerous to lit these explosives over the crowd. In many parts of Indonesia, especially in the rural areas, pelita, obor or lampu tempel (oil lamps, similar to tiki torches) are lit up and placed outside and around homes. Visiting graves It is common for many Muslims in Indonesia to visit the graves of loved ones. However, visiting graves most commonly done previously, several traditional days before Ramadhan. During this visit, they will clean the grave, recite Ya-Seen, a chapter (sura) from the Quran and also perform the tahlil ceremony. All these are done as a means to ask God to forgive both the dead and the living for their sins. The Javanese majority of Indonesia are known for their pre-Islamic Kejawen traditions of washing the headstone using scented water from the terracotta water-jug, the kendi, and sprinkling hyacinth and jasmine over the graves.