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(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

Description:

Subject:

Note:

This report establishes the sizing of bus post insulators for 400kV switchyard on the basis of cantilever strength.

Page: 3 of 7

Contents

page

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 4 System Data...................................................................................................................... 4 Conductor Data ................................................................................................................. 4 Bus Post Insulator data ..................................................................................................... 5 Attachments ...................................................................................................................... 6 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................ 6 References........................................................................................................................ 7

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

Page: 4 of 7

Introduction

The rigid bus in out-door substation is primarily supported on Bus Post Insulators. These bus post insulators are hence subjected to sustain all types of stresses on bus conductor owing to electrically and mechanically originated forces. The principal forces on the bus post insulator are as follows a. Short circuit current force on the bus conductor. b. Wind force on the bus conductor. c. Wind force on the insulator stack. d. Weight of the bus conductor span supported by the bus post insulator. Since the forces on the bus-conductors are transmitted to the bus post insulators, the strength of the insulator must be considered. With various bus configurations, insulators may be required to withstand cantilever, compressive, tensile and torsional forces. However, only the cantilever force, which is a function of the effective conductor span length supported by the bus post insulator, have been regarded significant and considered for design.

System data

400kV AC Switchyard Nominal System Voltage System Frequency Short Circuit Fault Current Duration of Fault Current Maximum Wind Pressure Altitude above sea level 400 kV 50 Hz 31.5 kA 1 sec 700 N/m2 >1500 m

3 Conductor Data

Rigid Conductor i) 250/6mm Aluminum Tube (AlMgSi0.5F25) Outer Diameter Wall thickness

Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. Ltd.

250 mm 6 mm

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

Page: 5 of 7

Weight Weight of Damping Material (Twin 954 MCM Cardinal ACSR) ii) 120/8mm Aluminum Tube (AlMgSi0.5F25) Outer Diameter Wall thickness Weight Weight of Damping Material (Single 954 MCM Cardinal ACSR) iii) 120/6mm Aluminum Tube (AlMgSi0.5F25) Outer Diameter Wall thickness Weight Weight of Damping Material (Single 954 MCM Cardinal ACSR) Common for all tubes specified above Youngs Modulus

70000 N/mm2

i) C8-1550 Height of Insulator Stack Maximum Width Minimum Width Weight of Insulator Cantilever Strength (designated by manufacturer) i) C6-1550 Height of Insulator Stack Maximum Width Minimum Width

Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. Ltd.

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

Page: 6 of 7

Weight of Insulator Cantilever Strength (designated by manufacturer) i) C12.5-1550 Height of Insulator Stack Maximum Width Minimum Width Weight of Insulator Cantilever Strength (designated by manufacturer) Busbar Selection

The following types of tubular busbar has been considered in the design : x x x 250/6 mm AlMgSi0.5F25 Tubular Bus bar to serve as Main Bus Conductor. 120/8 mm AlMgSi0.5F25 Tubular Bus bar to serve as Equipment Bus Conductor at the Bus Coupling feeder. 120/6 mm AlMgSi0.5F25 Tubular Bus bar to serve as Equipment Bus Conductor at the Transformer & Line feeders.

5 Attachments

Attachment-1: Calculation of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulator supporting the Main Bus Attachment-2: Calculation of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulator supporting the Equipment Bus at Coupling Bay Attachment-3: Calculation of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulator supporting the Equipment Bus at Transformer & OHL Feeders.

6 Conclusion

1. The required Cantilever Strength of the C12.5-1550 for supporting the maximum bus span(24 m) of the Main Bus is 995.67 daN, whereas the cantilever strength published by the manufacturer is 1250 daN. Thus the design is safe and Bus Post Insulators of C12.5-1550 type may be used for supporting the Main Bus conductor. 2. The required Cantilever Strength of the C6-1550 for supporting the maximum bus span(12 m) of the Equipment Bus at Coupling Bay is 281.23 daN, whereas the cantilever strength published by

Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. Ltd.

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

Page: 7 of 7

the manufacturer is 600 daN. Thus the design is safe and Bus Post Insulators of C6-1550 type may be used for supporting the Equipment Bus conductor at the Coupling Bay. 3. The required Cantilever Strength of the C6-1550 for supporting the maximum bus span (12 m) of the Equipment Bus at Transformer & OHL Feeders is 249.28 daN, whereas the cantilever strength published by the manufacturer is 600 daN. Thus the design is safe and Bus Post Insulators of C6-1550 type may be used for supporting the Equipment Bus conductor at Transformer & OHL Feeders.

7 References

1. IEEE Std 605 : 1987 IEEE Guide for Design of Substation Rigid-Bus Structures. 2. Technical Data sheet for Aluminum Alloy Tubular Conductor: Manufacturer Corus. 3. Technical Data sheet for Bus Post Insulator: Manufacturer Porzellanfabrik Frauenthal Insulators.

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

(4)-G77700-S0019-L062-A ATTACHMENT-1 CALCULATION OF CANTILEVER STRENGTH OF BUS POST INSULATOR SUPPORTING THE MAIN BUS SYSTEM VOLTAGE ( IN KV. ): FAULT LEVEL( IK3 ) ( IN KA.): 400 31.5

TUBULAR BUS CONDUCTOR : a) Size : AlMgSi0.5F25 b) Outer dia. 250 mm c) Thickness : 6 mm d) Weight 12.4 Kg/m e) conductor Young's Modulus 7.00E+10 N/m2 f) Conductor spacing 6 m N/mm2 g) Max Allowable stress 115 2 Kg/mm 11.72 h) Max. Span 24 m i) Weight of Damper Material 3.66 Kg/m INSULATOR DATA (Type:C12,5-1550): a. Height 3.35 b. Max. Width 0.36 c. Min. Width 0.16 d Bus Cen. Line height above Insulator 0.215 e. Weight 400 Max. Wind Pressure(Pmax) Ambient air density(d) Wind Velocity(V)

3

Now, Coss sectional moment of inertia of the tube (J) = = where, DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor = Di = Inner Diameter of Tube = Therefore, J = = = = = Calculation for conductor Wind Force:

( S/64 ).(Do4 - Di4) 250 238 34231262.64 82.24027953 J/(DO/2) 273850.1011 16.71125822 mm mm mm4 in4 mm mm in3

3 3

Conductor Wind Force (FW) = 2.132 x 10 CDKZGFV (DO+2r1) Where DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor r1 = Radial Ice thickness. CD KZ GF V Hence, FW = Drag coefficient (Ref. Table 1 of IEEE:605) = Height and exposure factor (Cl. 10.2 of IEEE:605) = Gust factor (Cl. 10.3 of IEEE:605) =Wind speed at 30ft. above ground = 15.59 lbf/ft

-4

lbf/ft

(Cl. 10. of IEEE:605) 9.84 = = = = = = 0 1 1 1.3 33.79 75.59 inch inch (For Round conductor)

m/s mi/h

Calculation for Short Circuit Current Unit Force: Short Circuit Current Unit Force (FSC) = 27.6* ISC /10 (D)

2 7

lbf/ft

(4)-G77700-S0019-L062-A

ATTACHMENT-1 ISC D * = Symmettrical short circuit current = Conductor spacing centre to centre = Constant based on type of short circuit and conductor location (Ref. Table 2 of IEEE:605) = 10.04 lbf/ft = = = 31500 236.22 0.866 A inch

Hence,

FSC

Calculation for Gravitational Force: Total bus unit weight (FG) = FC FD FI Hence, FC + FI + FD lbf/ft = = = 10.79 lbf/ft 8.33 2.46 0 lbf/ft lbf/ft lbf/ft

= Conductor unit weight = Damping material unit weight = Ice Unit weight FG =

Calculation for Insulator Strength a. FSB FSB LE FSC Calculation for Bus Short circuit Current Force: = LE.FSC lbf

= Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Short Circuit Current Unit Force = = 78.74 ft 10.04 lbf/ft

Now, for a Rigid Bus Section of Equipment connection in a typical Line bay across the Main Bus (as shown in the figure alongside) 1/2(L1+L2) LE = (Refer Table 5 of IEEE-605) = 78.74016 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L1) = 24 m = 78.74 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L2) = 24 m = 78.74 ft = 790.55 lbf Therefore FSB b. FWB Where, FWB LE FW Calculation for Bus Wind Force : = LE.FW lbf

24m BPI L2

= Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Wind unit force on the bus = 1227.38 lbf = = 78.74 ft 15.59 lbf/ft

-5 2

lbf

= Wind Force on Insulator = Insulator Height = Effective insulator diameter = (D1+D2)/2 = Max. Insulator Width = Min. Insulator Width = = = = 131.89 Inch 10.2362 inch 14.1732 inch 6.2992 inch

(4)-G77700-S0019-L062-A

ATTACHMENT-1 r1 CD KZ GF V = Radial Ice thickness = Drag coefficient = Height and exposure factor = Gust factor =Wind speed at 30ft. above ground = = = = = = 0 inch 1 (For 'round conductor' as per Table 1 of IEEE:605) 1 (as per Cl. 10.2 of IEEE:605) 1.3 (as per Cl. 10.3 of IEEE:605) 33.79 m/s 75.59 mi/h

Therefore FWI

178.11 lbf

Calculation for Total Insulator Cantilever load FIS FIS FWI FSB FWB Hi Hf K1 K2 = K1 [ FWI/2 + {(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FWB] + K2 [{(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FSB] lbf

= Total Cantilever load acting at the end of Insulator = Wind force on the insulator in lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Insulator Height = Bus Cen. Height above Insulator = Overload Factor applied to wind force = Overload Factor applied to short circuit force = = = = = = = 178.11 lbf 790.55 lbf 1227.38 lbf 131.89 inch 8.46 inch 1 1

= 2236.49 lbf Therefore FIS Now Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting LE.FG FGB lbf = where, LE = Effective Bus span length FG = Total Bus Unit Weight Therefore FGB = 849.83 lbf

= =

Natural Frequency of the Insulator with effective weight of the conductor span : (1/2S) [Ki g / (0.226FGI + FGB)]1/2 = = Insulator cantilever Spring Constant = gravitional constant = Weight of the insulator = Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting = < 50Hz => 0.10 Hz K2 = = 1 (Refer Cl. No. 13.2 of IEEE: 605) 1015.37 Kgf = = = = 1 lbf/inch 386 inch/s 881.85 lbf 849.83 lbf

2

Therefore fi As fi

FIS (Eqp) Cantilever Load on the Support Insulator (in the direction of the Equipment Connection) =>

995.67

daN

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

ATTACHMENT-2 CALCULATION OF CANTILEVER STRENGTH OF BUS POST INSULATOR SUPPORTING THE EQUIPMENT BUS AT COUPLING BAY SYSTEM VOLTAGE ( IN KV. ): FAULT LEVEL( IK3 ) ( IN KA.): 400 31.5

TUBULAR BUS CONDUCTOR : a) Size : AlMgSi0.5F25 120 mm b) Outer dia. c) Thickness : 8 mm d) Weight 7.6 Kg/m e) conductor Young's Modulus 7.00E+10 N/m2 f) Conductor spacing 6.5 m N/mm2 g) Max Allowable stress 115 2 Kg/mm 11.72 h) Max. Span 12 m i) Weight of Damper Material 1.83 Kg/m INSULATOR DATA (Type:C6-1550): a. Height b. Max. Width c. Min. Width d Bus Cen. Line height above Insulator e. Weight Max. Wind Pressure(Pmax) Ambient air density(d) Wind Velocity(V)

2 3

Now, Coss sectional moment of inertia of the tube (J) = = where, DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor = Di = Inner Diameter of Tube = Therefore, J = = = = = Calculation for conductor Wind Force:

4 4 ( S/64 ).(Do - Di )

mm mm mm4 in4 mm

3

mm3 in3

Conductor Wind Force (FW) = 2.132 x 10-4 CDKZGFV2 (DO+2r1) Where DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor r1 = Radial Ice thickness. CD KZ GF V Hence, FW = Drag coefficient (Ref. Table 1 of IEEE:605) = Height and exposure factor (Cl. 10.2 of IEEE:605) = Gust factor (Cl. 10.3 of IEEE:605) =Wind speed at 30ft. above ground = 7.48 lbf/ft

lbf/ft

(Cl. 10. of IEEE:605) 4.72 = = = = = = 0 1 1 1.3 33.79 75.59 inch inch (For Round conductor)

m/s mi/h

Calculation for Short Circuit Current Unit Force: Short Circuit Current Unit Force (FSC) = 27.6* ISC2 /107(D) lbf/ft

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

ATTACHMENT-2 ISC D * = Symmettrical short circuit current = Conductor spacing centre to centre = Constant based on type of short circuit and conductor location (Ref. Table 2 of IEEE:605) = 9.27 lbf/ft = = = 31500 255.91 0.866 A inch

Hence,

FSC

Calculation for Gravitational Force: Total bus unit weight (FG) = FC FD FI Hence, FC + FI + FD lbf/ft = = = 6.34 lbf/ft 5.11 1.23 0 lbf/ft lbf/ft lbf/ft

= Conductor unit weight = Damping material unit weight = Ice Unit weight FG =

Calculation for Insulator Strength a. FSB FSB LE FSC Calculation for Bus Short circuit Current Force: = LE.FSC lbf

= Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Short Circuit Current Unit Force = = 31.99 ft 9.27 lbf/ft

Now, for a Rigid Bus Section of Equipment connection in a typical Line bay across the Equipment Bus in Coupling bay(as shown in the figure alongside) 1/8(3L1+4L2) LE = (Refer Table 5 of IEEE-605) = 31.98819 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L1) = 12 m = 39.37 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L2) = 10.5 m = 34.45 ft = 296.45 lbf Therefore FSB b. FWB Where, FWB LE FW Calculation for Bus Wind Force : = LE.FW lbf

12m ISO(Panto) L1

BPI Fig 1

10.5m CT L2

= Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Wind unit force on the bus = 239.34 lbf = = 31.99 ft 7.48 lbf/ft

-5 2

lbf

= Wind Force on Insulator = Insulator Height = Effective insulator diameter = (D1+D2)/2 = Max. Insulator Width = Min. Insulator Width = = = = 131.89 Inch 8.2677 inch 11.4173 inch 5.1181 inch

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

ATTACHMENT-2 r1 CD KZ GF V = Radial Ice thickness = Drag coefficient = Height and exposure factor = Gust factor =Wind speed at 30ft. above ground = = = = = = 0 inch 1 (For 'round conductor' as per Table 1 of IEEE:605) 1 (as per Cl. 10.2 of IEEE:605) 1.3 (as per Cl. 10.3 of IEEE:605) 33.79 m/s 75.59 mi/h

Therefore FWI

143.86 lbf

Calculation for Total Insulator Cantilever load FIS FIS FWI FSB FWB Hi Hf K1 K2 = K1 [ FWI/2 + {(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FWB] + K2 [{(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FSB] lbf

= Total Cantilever load acting at the end of Insulator = Wind force on the insulator in lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Insulator Height = Bus Cen. Height above Insulator = Overload Factor applied to wind force = Overload Factor applied to short circuit force = = = = = = = 143.86 lbf 296.45 lbf 239.34 lbf 131.89 inch 5.91 inch 1 1

= 631.71 lbf Therefore FIS Now Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting LE.FG FGB lbf = where, LE = Effective Bus span length FG = Total Bus Unit Weight Therefore FGB = 202.72 lbf

= =

Natural Frequency of the Insulator with effective weight of the conductor span : (1/2S) [Ki g / (0.226FGI + FGB)]1/2 = = Insulator cantilever Spring Constant = gravitional constant = Weight of the insulator = Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting = < 50Hz => 0.17 Hz K2 = = 1 (Refer Cl. No. 13.2 of IEEE: 605) 286.80 Kgf = = = = 1 lbf/inch 386 inch/s 641.54 lbf 202.72 lbf

2

Therefore fi As fi

FIS (Eqp) Cantilever Load on the Support Insulator (in the direction of the Equipment Connection) =>

281.23

daN

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

ATTACHMENT-3 CALCULATION OF CANTILEVER STRENGTH OF BUS POST INSULATOR SUPPORTING THE EQUIPMENT BUS AT TRANSFORMER & OHL BAY SYSTEM VOLTAGE ( IN KV. ): FAULT LEVEL( IK3 ) ( IN KA.): 400 31.5

TUBULAR BUS CONDUCTOR : a) Size : AlMgSi0.5F25 120 mm b) Outer dia. c) Thickness : 6 mm d) Weight 5.8 Kg/m e) conductor Young's Modulus 7.00E+10 N/m2 f) Conductor spacing 6.5 m N/mm2 g) Max Allowable stress 115 2 Kg/mm 11.72 h) Max. Span 12 m i) Weight of Damper Material 1.83 Kg/m INSULATOR DATA (Type:C6-1550): a. Height b. Max. Width c. Min. Width d Bus Cen. Line height above Insulator e. Weight Max. Wind Pressure(Pmax) Ambient air density(d) Wind Velocity(V)

2 3

Now, Coss sectional moment of inertia of the tube (J) = = where, DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor = Di = Inner Diameter of Tube = Therefore, J = = = = = Calculation for conductor Wind Force:

4 4 ( S/64 ).(Do - Di )

mm mm mm4 in4 mm

3

mm3 in3

Conductor Wind Force (FW) = 2.132 x 10-4 CDKZGFV2 (DO+2r1) Where DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor r1 = Radial Ice thickness. CD KZ GF V Hence, FW = Drag coefficient (Ref. Table 1 of IEEE:605) = Height and exposure factor (Cl. 10.2 of IEEE:605) = Gust factor (Cl. 10.3 of IEEE:605) =Wind speed at 30ft. above ground = 7.48 lbf/ft

lbf/ft

(Cl. 10. of IEEE:605) 4.72 = = = = = = 0 1 1 1.3 33.79 75.59 inch inch (For Round conductor)

m/s mi/h

Calculation for Short Circuit Current Unit Force: Short Circuit Current Unit Force (FSC) = 27.6* ISC2 /107(D) lbf/ft

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

ATTACHMENT-3 ISC D * = Symmettrical short circuit current = Conductor spacing centre to centre = Constant based on type of short circuit and conductor location (Ref. Table 2 of IEEE:605) = 9.27 lbf/ft = = = 31500 255.91 0.866 A inch

Hence,

FSC

Calculation for Gravitational Force: Total bus unit weight (FG) = FC FD FI Hence, FC + FI + FD lbf/ft = = = 5.13 lbf/ft 3.90 1.23 0 lbf/ft lbf/ft lbf/ft

= Conductor unit weight = Damping material unit weight = Ice Unit weight FG =

Calculation for Insulator Strength a. FSB FSB LE FSC Calculation for Bus Short circuit Current Force: = LE.FSC lbf

= Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Short Circuit Current Unit Force = = 27.89 ft 9.27 lbf/ft

Now, for a Rigid Bus Section of Equipment connection in a typical Line bay across the Equipment Bus in Transformer & OHL bay(as shown in the figure alongside) 1/8(3L1+4L2) LE = (Refer Table 5 of IEEE-605) = 27.88714 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L1) = 12 m = 39.37 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L2) = 8m = 26.25 ft = 258.45 lbf Therefore FSB b. FWB Where, FWB LE FW Calculation for Bus Wind Force : = LE.FW lbf

P 8m

12m ISO(Panto) L1

BPI

10.5m CB L2

Fig 1

= Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Wind unit force on the bus = 208.65 lbf = = 27.89 ft 7.48 lbf/ft

-5 2

lbf

= Wind Force on Insulator = Insulator Height = Effective insulator diameter = (D1+D2)/2 = Max. Insulator Width = Min. Insulator Width = = = = 131.89 Inch 8.2677 inch 11.4173 inch 5.1181 inch

(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

ATTACHMENT-3 r1 CD KZ GF V = Radial Ice thickness = Drag coefficient = Height and exposure factor = Gust factor =Wind speed at 30ft. above ground = = = = = = 0 inch 1 (For 'round conductor' as per Table 1 of IEEE:605) 1 (As per Cl. 10.2 of IEEE:605) 1.3 (As per Cl. 10.3 of IEEE:605) 33.79 m/s 75.59 mi/h

Therefore FWI

143.86 lbf

Calculation for Total Insulator Cantilever load FIS FIS FWI FSB FWB Hi Hf K1 K2 = K1 [ FWI/2 + {(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FWB] + K2 [{(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FSB] lbf

= Total Cantilever load acting at the end of Insulator = Wind force on the insulator in lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Insulator Height = Bus Cen. Height above Insulator = Overload Factor applied to wind force = Overload Factor applied to short circuit force = = = = = = = 143.86 lbf 258.45 lbf 208.65 lbf 131.89 inch 5.91 inch 1 1

= 559.95 lbf Therefore FIS Now Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting LE.FG FGB lbf = where, LE = Effective Bus span length FG = Total Bus Unit Weight Therefore FGB = 142.99 lbf

= =

Natural Frequency of the Insulator with effective weight of the conductor span : (1/2S) [Ki g / (0.226FGI + FGB)]1/2 = = Insulator cantilever Spring Constant = gravitional constant = Weight of the insulator = Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting = < 50Hz => 0.18 Hz K2 = = 1 (Refer Cl. No. 13.2 of IEEE: 605) 254.22 Kgf = = = = 1 lbf/inch 386 inch/s 641.54 lbf 142.99 lbf

2

Therefore fi As fi

FIS (Eqp) Cantilever Load on the Support Insulator (in the direction of the Equipment Connection) =>

249.28

daN

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