Sei sulla pagina 1di 11

# Triple Beam Balance: an instrument

grams (g).

## Graduated Cylinder: a container with straight sides and

marked with lines to enable measurement of volume.

## Displacement: when an object is immersed in a fluid,

pushing it out of the way and taking its place.

Beaker:
1. A beaker is a type of laboratory glassware which consists
of a cylindrical cup with a notch on the top to allow for the
pouring of liquids.

## 2. Dr. Bunsen Honeydew is a character from The Muppet

Show, performed by Dave Goelz. The muppet was a bald,
bespectacled, lab-coated scientist who would do periodic
science segments from "Muppet Labs...where the future is
only glasses, and his experiments always went awry, usually
causing great harm to his long-suffering assistant Beaker
(Richard Hunt), a nearly mute muppet with shocked red hair.

## Meniscus: the curved surface of the liquid. Always measure

at the lowest point of the liquid.

## Volume: the amount of space that an object takes up.

Liquids: measured in liters
Solids: measured in cubic meters (m3)

## Rube Goldberg: United States cartoonist who drew

intricate diagrams of very complicated and impractical

## Mega: (symbol M) is an SI prefix in the SI system of units

denoting a factor of 106, 1,000,000 (one million).

## Kilo: is a prefix in the SI system denoting a factor of

103(thousand). The symbol is: “k”

## Hecto: is a prefix in the SI system denoting a factor of

102(hundred). The symbol is: “h”

## Scientific Model: a representation of an object or system

to demonstrate how it is or functions.

## Note: Models are “useful”---and not always “truthful”

because no model is perfect.

## Neap Tide: a weak tide occurring at the first and third

quarters of the moon, when the gravity of the sun and moon
pull in different directions.
Draw a picture of this:

## Spring Tide: A strong tide that occurs at the new moon or

full moon, when the gravitation pull of the sun and moon are
in line.

## Deka: is a prefix in the SI system denoting a factor of

101(ten). The symbol is: “d”

## Astronomical Unit: The distance from the Sun to the Earth.

1 AU = 149,600,000 km = 92,957,000 miles.

## Micro- is a prefix in the SI system denoting a factor of 10-6

(one millionth). The symbol for it is the micro sign (µ), the
Greek letter mu.

Blue Moon: When a single month has two full moons, the
second full moon is called a Blue Moon.

## Gibbous: A shape of the Moon when it is more than half lit

but less than full.

## Opaque: not transparent

by an opaque object.
by an opaque object.

Zenith: The point in the sky directly above the observer. The
highest point.

## Equinox: either of the two days when the periods of

daylight and darkness are of equal length throughout the
entire world. The vernal equinox is usually March 21; the
autumnal equinox is usually September 23.

Horizon: The line where the sky and the ground seem to
meet.

## Azimuth: A direction in terms of a 360° compass.

North is at 0°. East is at 90°. South is at 180°. West is at
270°.

## Altitude: The vertical angular distance of a point in the sky

above the horizon. Altitude is measured positively from the
horizon to the zenith, from 0 +
to 90 degrees.

## Copernicus: (1543) A Polish astronomer who first

postulated that the sun is the center of the universe.

## Ptolemy: (140 A.D.) Greek astronomer who thought the

earth was the center of the universe. `

## Circumpolar Stars: Stars that can be seen at all times of

the year and all times of the night.
Astrology: The pseudoscientific study of the planets and
how they might influence the lives of people.

## Pseudoscience: False science; an activity resembling

science but based on fallacious assumptions.

## Astronomy: the branch of science that deals with celestial

objects, space and the physical universe as a whole.

## SI: fea from the French language name Le Système

international d'unités) is the modern form of the metric
system.

## Base Unit: “1” of whatever unit of measurement you are using…

grams, liters, seconds etc.

## Mili- “m” SI prefix meaing 1/1000

Hydroelectric Power:

Percieved Obsolescence:

Planned Obsolescence:
Obsolescence: The loss of value or usefulness usually over a
period of time, because of wear, changing technology or user
preference.

of three arrows.

## NIMBY: someone who objects to having something in their own

neighborhood but does not object to it being sited
elsewhere.

## Stewardship: Taking responsibility for the well-being of something

that is valued, such as a natural resource.

## Endangered Species: A species considered to be in imminent

danger of extinction.

## Biome: An ecosystem that covers a large geographic area where

plants of one type live due to the specific climate in the area.

## Carbon Sink: A part of the earth that permanently removes carbon

dioxide from the atmosphere and binds it in organic compounds.

## Carbon Cycle: The process by which carbon is taken up by plants and

animals and returned to the environment in a continuous cycle.
After you are done with the wad, get out a 1/2 piece of paper and get ready for
your quiz. The quiz will start at 12:41 sharp.

## Photosynthesis Chemical Reaction:

6CO2 + 6H2O (+ light energy) ( C6H O6 + 6O2
12

Water
Carbo This will come down at 12:55---get it down, you will oxyge
n have a quiz on it. Gluco n
se
(sugar

## Photosynthesis: Process by which green plants convert carbon

dioxide, water and sunlight ( to sugar and oxygen.

Clamp: =

Ring Clamp:

Ring Stand: =

class.

## Calorie: A unit of energy defined as that amount of energy

required to raise the temperature of one gram of water by
one degree Celsius

## Parasitism: A symbiotic relationship between two

species of plants or animals in which one benefits at the
expense of the other, without killing it.
Mutualism: A symbiotic relationship between two
organisms that benefit both.

## Commensalism: A symbiotic relationship in which one

species benefits and the other is not affected.

## Symbiotic: the relationship between two interacting

organisms or populations.

## Potential Energy: P.E. The energy that matter has because

of its position or because of the arrangement of atoms or
parts.

## Kinetic Energy: K.E. The energy that a moving object has

due to its motion, the energy of motion.

Null Hypothesis: the hypothesis that states the I.V. will not
make a difference in the experiment.

hypothesis.

experiment.

## Omnivore: An organism that can use both plants and

animals as a food source.

## Carnivore: An animal that eats the flesh of other animals to

obtain nutrients and energy.

## Domino Causality: One thing makes another thing happen,

which then makes another thing happen….FOREVER.
It never stops.

## Simple Linear Causality: one thing directly makes another

thing happen and the effects end there.

Biotic: living

## Stereoscope: a magnification tool that gives the viewer two slightly

differing pictures, one to each eye, to give the effect of depth. (only
magnifies x2 or x4)

Microscope:
Constant Variables:
the variables in an experiment that are kept the same
intentionally for all trials.

## Dependent Variable - the responding variable; the

variable that may change as a result of a change in the
independent variable (y-axis).

## Independent Variable: The manipulated variable; the

variable that is changed intentionally in an experiment. (x-
axis)

## Protocol: The formal design for an experiment. It explains

what will be done, when, how, and why.

## Inferences: Statements about phenomena that are not

“directly” accessible to the senses, but based on logical
reasoning.

Observation:
that are “directly accessible to the senses (or
extensions of the senses) and about which several
observers can reach consensus with relative ease.

## Bias: Unfair prejudice towards one group or thing.

Subjective: Based on personal feeling or interpretation; not
objective.

Empircal:
Based on an observation of something in the natural world. Science
is empirically based. It can only study things that can be detected.

## Creativity: is the ability to produce something new, to generate

unique approaches to problems or opportunities.
Scientists have to be creative.

## Nature of Science (NOS): how science functions; the values

and assumptions inherent to scientific knowledge and
thinking.