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Module 5: DO-RNC Functionality, Setup and Use of the CLI Jay Weitzen Airvana Performance Engineering
Module 5: DO-RNC Functionality, Setup and Use of the CLI Jay Weitzen Airvana Performance Engineering

Module 5: DO-RNC Functionality, Setup and Use of the CLI

Jay Weitzen Airvana Performance Engineering

Infrastructure for All-IP Broadband Mobile Wireless Accelerating Access Anywhere

Radio Network Controller DO-RNC

Radio Network Controller DO-RNC

• Compact Design Chassis

• Client/server IP Architecture

• Carrier Class, High Availability Platform

• Highly Scalable designed for low entry cost of deployment

• NEBS Compliant Chassis

Highly Scalable designed for low entry cost of deployment • NEBS Compliant Chassis Confidential & Proprietary

DO-RNC Functional Overview

DO-RNC Functional Overview

• 1xEV-DO Base Station Controller – Communicate and Control multiple DOM(s)

• Uses IP-Abis interface (Standard GRE encapsulation)

• Communicate with PDSN over R-P interface (A10/A11)

• Support Automatic Failure Recovery – DOM(s) dynamicly homed to Redundant DO-RNC if primary one failed (A13)

• Comprehensive Redundancy Features – IP Load Balancing, Hot- swappable Power supplies/fans/modules, Warm-Standby System Controller.

• Cost-effective operations and management via EMS and existing Operational Support Systems (OSSs)

• Standards compliant – IS-856/1xEV-DO, 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 (3GPP2) Wireless IP Network Standard

DO-RNC Configuration

DO-RNC Configuration
DO-RNC Configuration Front B a c k Confidential & Proprietary 4

Front

DO-RNC Configuration Front B a c k Confidential & Proprietary 4

Back

DO-RNC Modules

DO-RNC Modules

BIO -

• Supports two 100 Base-T Ethernet ports.

• Supports TCP/IP stack over the Ethernet connections to both PDSN and Backhaul Network.

• Supports Abis Link connection(s) toward DOM(s)

• Supports for installation in multiple slots in DO-RNC – IP Load Balancing for increased Bandwidth and Redundancy.

RNSM -

• Responsible for terminating the signaling and session setup components of the 1xEV-DO protocol.

• Serves multiple DOM(s) and automatically balances the traffic load with other RNSM(s) installed within the same DO-RNC system

• Supports for installation in multiple slots in DO-RNC – increases the number of DOM(s) served, and cost-effectively scale as cell site coverage area and capacity grows

SC -

• Responsible for System Configuration, Routing Protocols, Disk operation, Network Management, and 1xEV-DO Signaling/Session setup activities

• Communicate with the RNSM and BIO modules over backplane connection

• Supports 1+1 System Redundancy ( both in Slot-7 & Slot-9 )

RNC Disk Operation Overview

RNC Disk Operation Overview • Slot_7 SC card is mapped to disk1: ( in green) •

• Slot_7 SC card is mapped to disk1: ( in green)

• Slot_9 SC card is mapped to disk2: ( in blue )

• Active disk is always designated as disk0: which is a virtual disk and can actually be either disk.

• In Redundant mode operation, SC writes to disk0: which goes to both physical disks as part of automatic Disk Synchronization.

disk0: which goes to both physical disks as part of automatic Disk Synchronization. Confidential & Proprietary

RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM

RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM
RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI
RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI
RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI
RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI
RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI

HSC

B

RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI

SC

B

RNC With Load Sharing BIO and RNSM HSC B SC B SC A HSC A C-PCI

SC

A

HSC

A

C-PCI Bus - Domain A C-PCI Bus - Domain B
C-PCI Bus - Domain A
C-PCI Bus - Domain B

BIO

BIO

RNSM

RNSM

RNSM

RNSM

BIO

BIO

RNSM

RNSM

RNSM

RNSM

100BaseT x2 Radio Core Access Network Network
100BaseT
x2
Radio
Core
Access
Network
Network
100BaseT x2 Access Access Radio Radio Node Node
100BaseT
x2
Access
Access
Radio
Radio
Node
Node

CLI (Command Line Interface)

CLI (Command Line Interface)

• Can be accessed via console port at the back of SC module

• Each BIO module also has an operational console port

• All Console ports are 38.4 Kbps baud rate.

• Support most Terminal Emulation

• Most CLI configuration will be on SC module

CLI Modes

CLI Modes

Base Mode – lower level user prompt, some commands not available.

Nortel-07>

Enable Mode – allows all CLI commands to be executed except changes to configuration.

Nortel-07#

Configuration Mode – allows configuration changes.

Nortel-07<config>#

Accessing File System

Accessing File System

• From the Enable prompt:

Nortel-07#shell

• File operation executed inside the shell

Nortel-07(shell)(disk0:/)#

• Unix-like commands such as ls to see files, cp to copy etc.

• Type exit to return to Enable prompt:

Nortel-07(shell)(disk0:/)# exit

Nortel-07#

File System Basics

File System Basics

AIRVANA-07(shell)(disk0:/)#ls

size date time name Backup software suite stored here ---------- ------ ----- --------------- 2048 Apr
size
date time name
Backup software suite stored here
---------- ------ ----- ---------------
2048
Apr 23 18:33 backup/
2048
Jul 29 11:53 active/
Active software suite stored
here
2048
Aug 9 13:51 logs/
2048
Mar 6 20:27 config/
All logging files stored here
30004
Aug 9 13:51 config.bin
12525
Apr 24 11:46 config51.bin
Config file accessed at bootup
2048 Jul 29 11:53 images/
Free Bytes 46663680
Alternate config files
Upgrade software image placed
here

CLI Help Menu – In Base Mode

CLI Help Menu – In Base Mode

Airvana-07> ? debug dir enable exit help ipcping logtest nettest no ping show telnet undebug

Turn debug on List files on a filesystem Turn on privileged commands Exit from session Description of the interactive help system Send ipc echo messages Logging test suite Add/Remove Network Interface Negate a command Send echo messages Show Open a telnet connection Turn debug off

CLI Help Menu – In Enable Mode

CLI Help Menu – In Enable Mode

Airvana-07>enable

Airvana-07# ? activate analyze clear clock configure copy debug display-filter exit help no packet pflash ping reboot redundancy shell show snmp switchover syspanic terminal test vpd write

Activate a version of software Functions for debugging/analysis Reset functions Manage the system clock Enter configuration mode Copy from one file to another Debug Commands display filter command Exit from EXEC mode Description of the interactive help system Negate a command or set its defaults packet command Program flash memory Send echo messages Reboot this card Redundancy Commands Enter Shell Command Mode Show running system information SNMP commands Cause a switchover to the Standby SC Generate a sysPanic() call. Display terminal configuration parameters Diagnostics/Tests related functionality. See sub-commands. Set the Vpd data Write running configuration to file

CLI Help Menu – In Configuration Mode

CLI Help Menu – In Configuration Mode

AIRVANA-07#config

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CTRL-Z. AIRVANA-07(config)# ?

abis carrier celldm clear clock controller delta-config

Set Abis Signaling parameters Select a carrier to configure Configure logging/diagnostic activity Reset running system information Manage the system clock Select an interface to configure Modify delta configuration parameters

ds1mode

Specify the type of DS1 link

end

Return to enable mode

exit

Exit from configuration mode

frequent

See sub-command for more information.

help

Description of the interactive help system

hostname

Set system's network name

interface

Select an interface to configure

ip

Global IP configuration subcommands

logging

Configure logging on the local processor

module

Select a module to configure

module-logging

Configure logging on a specified module

no

Negate a command or sets its defaults

node

Configure Node Properties

node-alias

Set the node alias

parent-rnc

Specify Candidate Parent RNC

power-control

Power Control

rate-control

Rate Control

router

Routing Protocol Configuration

sector

Select a sector to configure

sector-element

Select a sector-element to configure

Redundant Disk Synchronization

Redundant Disk Synchronization

• Virtual disk0: is the destination for all writes

– This could map to either physical disk ( either Disk1: or Disk2:

• System has a list of files and folders that should be synchronized

– /images

– /active

– /backup

– Anything starting of containing ‘config’

• Log files are NOT synchronized

RNC – Network Time

RNC – Network Time

show sntp time – displays the timing source and current system time. This is important for interaction with the PDSN.

Airvana-07> show sntp time

Sntp Time Details - UTC Timing Source = 10.12.0.242

Base Secs

= 3269960376 (c2e7a2b8)

Base Nsecs

= 73527825 (0461f211)

Base TBH

= 2074 (0000081a)

Base TBL

= 1874264749 (6fb702ad)

Current Secs = 3269960534 (c2e7a356) Current Nsecs = 813621610 (307ee16a) Num Leap Secs (since 1980) = 13 Date = 2003/08/15 Time = 18:22:14.813 Local Time Offset = -240 minutes State = Initialized

RNC – Modules Information & Status

RNC – Modules Information & Status

show module displays module info on Operational status, Slot number and runtime Software version

Airvana-07> show module

Slot Present Power Contains

Status

SW Version

Up Time

01

YES

YES

bio1/1/1

Active

2.0.1.0

006d 04h 32m 19s

02

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

03

YES

YES rnsm1/3/1

Active

2.0.1.0

006d 04h 32m 07s

04

NO

NO

-

-

-

-

05

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

06

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

07

YES

YES

sc1/7/1

Active

2.0.1.0

-

006d 04h 33m 11s

08

YES

YES

hsc1/8/1

Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

09

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

10

YES

YES

hsc1/10/1

Active

-

006d 04h 33m 11s

11

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

12

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

13

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

14

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

15

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

16

NO

YES

-

-

-

-

17

YES

YES

power1/17/1 Active

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

006d 04h 33m 11s

17

YES

YES

fan1/17/2

Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

18

YES

YES

power1/18/1 Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

18

YES

YES

fan1/18/2

Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

19

YES

YES

power1/19/1 Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

19

YES

YES

fan1/19/2

Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

20

YES

YES

disk1/20/1

Active

006d 04h 33m 11s

RNC – Software Version

RNC – Software Version

show version – displays runtime software version

show version boot – displays flash memory software versions

Airvana-07> show version boot

Bootstrap:

Version: 2.0.1.0 Build: 35 Created on Sat May 31 17:10:58 2003 by nightlybuild

Bootload1(active):

Platform BSC Product RNC8500 Processor SC Image BOOTLOAD Version: 2.0.1.0 Build: 36 Created on Sat May 31 17:11:14 2003 by nightlybuild

Bootload2:

Platform BSC Product RNC8500 Processor SC Image BOOTLOAD Version: 2.0.3.3 Build: 43207 Created on Wed Jul 23 15:05:14 2003 by nightlybuild

RNC – SC_Redundancy Information

RNC – SC_Redundancy Information

show redundancy displays which Active SC module is currently in control of the RNC.

Airvana-07> show redundancy

Current State: ACTIVE

Total Standby Resets: 0

Redundancy Supported: YES

Failure Reason:

Switchovers: 0 Active Slot: 7 Standby Slot: 0

Disk States disk0: RS_READY disk1: RS_ACTIVE disk2:

RS_REMOVED

Automatic disk synchronization: ON

Peer Down

Connection Definitions

Connection Definitions

Abis – Links between the DOM and the RNC.

A10/A11 – Between the RNC and PDSN to support user data traffic connections

A12 – Used for AN AAA between the RNC and AAA server

A13 – Used for Inter-RNC handoff

PPP – L2 Data Link protocol used for connection between the PDSN and the AT, DOM is merely a pass-thru

RNC – Abis Peers Status

RNC – Abis Peers Status

show abis peer – displays whether the DOM is successfully homed to RNC

– Will never come up without valid clock from DOM

– Will not come up without proper IP connectivity over the Backhaul Network

– Node Shutdown

Airvana-07# show abis peer

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Peer IP

|

Peer

| Peer UpTime |

Hellos

|

Messages

Address

|

Status

|

(in sec)

|

Sent

| Received |

Sent

| Received

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

10.12.0.242

Connected

250982

19488

19189

6362

11468

RNC – Showing Interfaces

RNC – Showing Interfaces

show interface displays each interface and associated administrative and operational status, as well as the associated IP address.

Airvana-07# show interface

Name

Connection IP Address

In Octets

Out Octets

Admin

Oper

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

ethernet1/0/1

0.0.0.0/0

0

0

Down

Down

ethernet1/1/1

10.12.0.1/25

1549805340

1494439815

Up

Up

ethernet1/1/2

0.0.0.0/0

0

0

Down

Down

mgmt1/0/1

0.0.0.0/0

0

0

Down

Down

node1/0/1

10.12.0.241/32

0

0

Up

Up

Airvana-07#

RNC – PING Utility

RNC – PING Utility

ping A.B.C.D a tool used to test for connectivity between the DOM and other IP entities on the network

Airvana-07# ping 10.12.0.189 Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.12.0.189, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/0/0 ms

RNC – Viewing IP Routing Table

RNC – Viewing IP Routing Table

show ip route displays the IP routing table to reveal what path (if any) will be taken to other networks or devices

Airvana-07# show ip route

IP ROUTING TABLE

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Destination

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Flags

Gateway

Owner

Interface

0.0.0.0/0

10.10.120.129

S

ethernet1/0/1

10.10.120.1

S

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.120.65

S

ethernet1/11/1

10.10.112.0/24

10.10.120.1

R

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.112.162/32

10.10.120.129

S

ethernet1/0/1

10.10.120.1

S

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.120.65

S

ethernet1/11/1

10.10.112.174/32

10.10.120.129

S

ethernet1/0/1

10.10.120.1

S

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.120.65

S

ethernet1/11/1

10.10.113.0/24

10.10.120.1

S

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.120.33

S

ethernet1/2/1

10.10.120.65

S

ethernet1/11/1

10.10.120.97

S

ethernet1/12/1

10.10.113.4/30

10.10.120.1

R

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.113.8/30

10.10.120.1

R

ethernet1/1/1

10.10.113.24/30

10.10.120.1

R

ethernet1/1/1

RNC – PCF Session to PDSN

RNC – PCF Session to PDSN

Airvana-07# show pcf pdsn all

PDSN Selection Table

--------------------

No.

---------------------------------

IP

Status

0 21.21.21.21

Active

1 0.0.0.0

Inactive

2 0.0.0.0

Inactive

3 0.0.0.0

Inactive

4 0.0.0.0

Inactive

RNC chooses a PDSN for each connection based on the last 4 digits of the IMSI ( use Mod-64 to determine the PDSN number)

RNC – RN Mapping Information

RNC – RN Mapping Information

Airvana-07# show rn mapping

BTS

SLOT

INTFS INTF_ADDRESS

10.10.117.5

5

1

10.10.114.6

10.10.117.7

3

2

10.10.114.145

 

10.10.114.149

10.10.117.8

13

2

10.10.114.165

 

10.10.114.169

10.10.117.102

4

2

10.10.115.26

 

10.10.115.30

10.10.117.103

3

2

10.10.115.46

 

10.10.115.50

10.10.117.104

15

2

10.10.115.145

 

10.10.115.149

RNC – DOM Homing and Carrier Information

RNC – DOM Homing and Carrier Information

Airvana-07# show 1xevdo rn all config

RNC Slot Number: 3 RN IP Address: 10.10.117.7 Carrier: 1, Channel Number: 900, PN Offset: 40, 212, 384 RN IP Address: 10.10.117.103 Carrier: 1, Channel Number: 200, PN Offset: 28

RNC Slot Number: 4 RN IP Address: 10.10.117.102 Carrier: 1, Channel Number: 225, PN Offset: 16, 20

RNC Slot Number: 5 RN IP Address: 10.10.117.5 Carrier: 1, Channel Number: 225, PN Offset: 28, 32

RNC Slot Number: 6 RN IP Address: 10.10.117.108 Carrier: 1, Channel Number: 875, PN Offset: 92

RNC Slot Number: 13 RN IP Address: 10.10.117.8 Carrier: 1, Channel Number: 900, PN Offset: 24, 196, 368

RNC – 1xEV-DO Sessions and Connections

RNC – 1xEV-DO Sessions and Connections

Airvana-07# show 1xevdo session all 1001 40

UATI List

Inst UATI24

RATI

PSI

HW Id

IMSI

STATE

ConnState

(Dec) (Hex)

(Hex)

(Hex)

(Hex)

(BCD)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 2

1003EA

C600C7A6 50000001

C600C7A6

310012268486566

Open

Dormant

2 4

1003EB

A8A9BC4C 50000009

7403B7C7

310012033798087

Open

Active

3 1

1003ED

03A10ABC N/A

7403B822

310012033798178

NoA10Conn

Dormant

4 13

1003F2

81101682

N/A

6B200093

310012153092243

NoA10Conn

Dormant

5 15

1003F3

722E19AA

5000000F

6B20001B

310012153092123

Open

Active

6 17

1003F4

79F50DBE

N/A

6B200065

310012153092197

NoA10Conn

Dormant

7 18

1003F5

E1E16078

N/A

6B200085

310012153092229

NoA10Conn

Dormant

8 5

1003F6

C600CD21

5000001B C600CD21

310012268487969

Open

Active

9 3

1003F8

0F3CE01C

N/A

8D049730

310012184850224

NoA10Conn

Dormant

Total Displayed Number of Current Active Sessions: 3 Total Displayed Number of Current Dormant Sessions: 6 Total Displayed Number of Current Sessions Awaiting Close from AT: 0

Per-Subscriber Identifiers

Per-Subscriber Identifiers

PSI – PCF Session ID

Per-Subscriber Identifiers PSI – PCF Session ID ESN – Hard-Coded by Mobile manufacturer UATI – Given

ESN – Hard-Coded by Mobile manufacturer

– PCF Session ID ESN – Hard-Coded by Mobile manufacturer UATI – Given to the mobile
UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC

UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC

UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC
UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC
UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC
UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC
Mobile manufacturer UATI – Given to the mobile by the RNC UATI List IMSI – Given

UATI List

IMSI – Given to the mobile by the AAA with Terminal Authentication, or generated by RNC

the AAA with Terminal Authentication, or generated by RNC Airvana-07# show 1xevdo session all 1001 40

Airvana-07# show 1xevdo session all 1001 40

Inst UATI24

RATI

PSI

HW Id

IMSI

STATE

ConnState

(Dec) (Hex)

(Hex)

(Hex)

(Hex)

(BCD)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

2

1003EA

C600C7A6 50000001

C600C7A6

310012268486566

Open

Dormant

RNC – 1xEV-DO Sessions and Connections (Cont’d)

RNC – 1xEV-DO Sessions and Connections (Cont’d)

Airvana-07# show 1xevdo connection all

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S#

Slot

Session Instance

UATI24

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 3

15

0x001003f3

2 4

5

0x001003f6

3 13

3

0x001003f8

Thank You Accelerating Access Anywhere

Thank You

Thank You Accelerating Access Anywhere

Accelerating Access Anywhere