Sei sulla pagina 1di 62

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Lecture-10

Analysis and Design of Two-way Slab Systems (Two Way Joist Slabs & Two-way Slab with Beams)
By: Prof Dr. Qaisar Ali Civil Engineering Department UET Peshawar
drqaisarali@nwfpuet.edu.pk
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 1

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Topics Addressed
Two-Way Joist Slab
Introduction Behavior Characteristics Basic Steps for Structural Design Example

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Topics Addressed
Moment Coefficient Method for Two Way Slab with Beams
Introduction
Cases Moment Coefficient Tables Reinforcement Requirements Steps Example

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist Slab

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Introduction

A two-way joist system, or waffle slab, comprises evenly spaced concrete joists spanning in both directions and a reinforced concrete slab cast integrally with the joists.

Joist

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Introduction

Like one-way joist system, a two way system will be called as two-way joist system if clear spacing between ribs (dome width) does not exceed 30 inches.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Introduction

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Introduction

The joists are commonly formed by using standard square dome forms and the domes are omitted around the columns to form the solid heads.

Solid Head

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Introduction

Standard Dome Data

Generally the dome for waffle slab can be of any size. However the commonly used standard domes are discussed as follows:

30-inch 30-inch square domes with 3-inch flanges; from which 6inch wide joist ribs at 36-inch centers are formed: these are available in standard depths of 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 20 inches.

19-inch 19-inch square domes with 2 -inch flanges, from which 5-inch wide joist ribs at 24-inch centers are formed. These are available in standard depths of 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 inches.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Introduction

Standard Dome Data

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

10

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Behavior

The behavior of two-way joist slab is similar to a two way flat Slab system.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Characteristics

Dome voids reduce dead load. Attractive ceiling (waffle like appearance). Electrical fixtures can be placed in the voids. Particularly advantageous where the use of longer spans and/or heavier loads are desired without the use of deepened drop panels or supported beams.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Basic Steps for Structural Design

Step No. 01 (Sizes): Sizes of all structural and non structural elements are decided.

Step No. 02 (Loads): Loads on structure are determined based on occupational characteristics and functionality.

Step No. 03 (Analysis): Effect of loads are calculated on all structural elements.

Step No. 04 (Design): Structural elements are designed for the respective load effects following code provisions.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

13

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Sizes

Minimum Joist Depth

For Joist depth determination, waffle slabs are considered as flat slab (ACI 13.1.3, 13.1.4 & 9.5.3).

The thickness of equivalent flat slab is taken from table 9.5 (c). The thickness of slab and depth of rib of waffle slab can be then computed by equalizing the moment of inertia of equivalent flat slab to that of waffle slab.

However since this practice is time consuming, tables have been developed to determine the size of waffle slab from equivalent flat slab thickness.
14

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Sizes

Minimum Joist Depth


Equivalent Flat Slab Thickness ACI 318-05 Sect. 9.5.3

Minimum thickness = ln/33

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

15

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Sizes
Minimum Joist Depth
Slab and rib depth from equivalent flat slab thickness
Table 01: Waffle flat slabs (19" 19" voids at 2'-0")-Equivalent thickness
Rib + Slab Depths (in.) Equivalent Thickness t e (in.) 8+3 8.89 8+4 10.11 10 + 3 10.51 10 + 4 11.75 12 + 3 12.12 12 + 4 13.38 14 + 3 13.72 14 + 4 15.02 16 + 3 15.31 16 + 4 16.64 Reference: Table 11-2 of CRSI Design Handbook 2002. Note: Only first two columns of the table are reproduced here.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

16

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Sizes
Minimum Joist Depth
Slab and rib depth from equivalent flat slab thickness
Table 02: Waffle flat slabs (30" 30" voids at 3'-0")-Equivalent thickness
Rib + Slab Depths (in.) Equivalent Thickness te (in.) 8+3 8.61 8+4 9.79 10 + 3 10.18 10 + 4 11.37 12 + 3 11.74 12 + 4 12.95 14 + 3 13.3 14 + 4 14.54 16 + 3 14.85 16 + 4 16.12 20 + 3 17.92 20 + 4 19.26 Reference: Table 11-2 of CRSI Design Handbook 2002. Note: Only first two columns of the table are reproduced here. Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011

17

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Sizes
Minimum Width of Rib
ACI 8.11.2 states that ribs shall be not less than 4 inches in width.

Maximum Depth of Rib


ACI 8.11.2 also states that ribs shall have a depth of not more than 3 times the minimum width of rib.

Minimum Slab Thickness


ACI 8.11.6.1 states that slab thickness shall be not less than onetwelfth the clear distance between ribs, nor less than 2 inch.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

18

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Sizes
Solid Head
Dimension of solid head on either side of column centerline is equal to l/6. The depth of the solid head is equal to the depth of the combined depth of ribs and top slab.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

19

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Loads
Floor dead load for two-way joist with certain dome size, dome depth can be calculated from the table shown for two options of slab thicknesses (3 inches and 4 inches).
Table 03: Standard Dome Dimensions and other Data
Dome Size Dome Depth (inches) 8 10 12 14 16 20 8 10 12 14 16 Volume of Void (ft3) 3.98 4.92 5.84 6.74 7.61 9.3 1.56 1.91 2.25 2.58 2.9 Floor Dead Load (psf) per slab thickness 3 inches 71 80 90 100 111 132 79 91 103 116 129 4 inches 90 99 109 119 129 151 98 110 122 134 148 Fall 2011

30 inches

19 inches

Reference: Table 11-1, CRSI Design Handbook 2002

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

20

10

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Loads
Floor dead load (wdj) for two-way joist can also be
Volume of solid: Vsolid = (36 36 11)/1728 = 8.24 ft3 Volume of void: Vvoid = (30 30 8)/1728 = 4.166 ft3 Total Load of joists per dome: wdj = (Vsolid Vvoid) conc = ( 8.24 4.166) 0.15 = 0.61 kips/ dome Total Load of joists per sq. ft: wdj/ (dome area) = 0.61/ (3 3) = 0.0679 ksf = 68 psf 71 psf (from table 03) The difference is because sloped ribs are not considered.
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

calculated as follows:
3 8

36

30

Plan
Fall 2011

21

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Loads
Taking a panel out of the system:
l1 wdj + wsh wdj wdj + wsh

a l1 l2 l2 b

wdj = Dead load at joist (load/ area) wsh = Dead load of solid head (load/ area) Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011

22

11

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Loads
If the complete area l1 l2 is assumed to occupy joists alone, then the dead load in the area l1 l2 will be wdj. However since there are solid head regions present, therefore additional dead load due to solid head region shall be:
wdsh = hsolid conc - wdj

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

23

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Loads
Factored loads can be calculated as: If wL = live load (load/area) wdj = dead load at joists, then
Factored load due to joists (wj) wuj = 1.2 wdj + 1.6wL Factored load due to solid head (wsh) wush = 1.2(wdsh wdj) l2 b wsh wj wsh

a l1

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

24

12

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Analysis

ACI code allows use of DDM for analysis of waffle slabs (ACI R13.1). In such a case, waffle slabs are considered as flat slabs, with the solid head acting as drop panels (ACI 13.1.3).

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

25

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Analysis

Static moment calculation for DDM analysis:


wush a ln Mosh l2 b wush a ln

wuj ln Moj

Moj = wujl2ln2/8

Mosh = wushba2/2

Mo = Moj + Mosh
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 26

13

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Design of slab for punching shear


The solid head shall be checked against punching shear. The critical section for punching shear is taken at a section d/2 from face of the column, where d is the effective depth at solid head.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

27

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Design

of

slab

for

punching shear

Load on tributary area will cause punch out shear.

l1

Within tributary area, two types of loads are acting:


Solid head load Joist load

l2 shall be

d/2

Both

types

considered while calculating punching shear demand


28

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

14

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Design of slab for punching

shear

Total area (At) = l1 l2 Solid head area = Asolid Critical perimeter area = Acp Vu =At wuj + Asolid (wish wuj) Where, wuj = Factored load considering joist alone wsh = Factored solid head dead load l2

l1

d/2

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

29

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Shear Strength of Slab in Punching Shear:


Vn = Vc + Vs Vc is least of:

4 (fc)bod (2 + 4/c) (fc)bod {(sd/bo +2} (fc)bod

c = longer side of column/shorter side of column s = 40 for interior column, 30 for edge column, 20 for corner columns

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

30

15

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Design of Joist for Beam Shear:

Beam Shear Demand

Beam shear is not usually a problem in slabs including waffle slabs. However for completion of design beam shear may also be checked. Beam shear can cause problem in case where larger spans and heavier loads with relatively shallow waffle slabs are used.

The critical section for beam shear is taken at a section d from face of the column, where d is the effective depth at solid head.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

31

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Design of Joist for Beam Shear:

Beam shear capacity of concrete joist:


Vn = Vc + Vs Vc is least of:

Stirrup

2 (fc)bribd

Vs = Avfy/bribs

For joist construction, contribution of concrete to shear strength Vc shall be permitted to be 10 percent more than that specified in Chapter 11.

If required, one or two single legged stirrups are provided in the rib to increase the shear capacity of waffle slab.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

32

16

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Design

Design for Flexure


The design of waffle slab for flexure is done by usual procedures. However, certain reinforcement requirements apply discussed next.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

33

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
ACI Recommendations on Reinforcement Requirement of Waffle Slab:

Recommendations for Ribs:

ACI 10.6.7 states that if the effective depth d of a beam or joist exceeds 36 inches, longitudinal skin reinforcement shall be provided as per ACI section 10.6.7.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

34

17

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
ACI Recommendations on Reinforcement Requirement of Waffle Slab:

Recommendations for Slab:

According to ACI 13.3.2, for cellular or ribbed construction reinforcement shall not be less than the requirements of ACI 7.12.

As per ACI 7.12, Spacing of top bars cannot exceed 5h or 18 inches.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

35

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Other Important Points:

The amount of reinforcement and, if necessary, the top slab thickness can be changed to vary the load capacities for different spans, areas, or floors of a structure.

Each joist rib contains two bottom bars. Straight bars are supplied over the column centerlines for negative factored moment.

Bottom bar

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

36

18

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Other Important Points:

For layouts that do not meet the standard 2-feet and 3-feet

modules, it is preferable that the required additional width be


obtained by increasing the width of the ribs framing into the solid column head.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

37

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Other Important Points:

The designer should sketch out the spacing for a typical panel and correlate with the column spacing as a part of the early planning.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

38

19

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Example: Design the slab system of hall shown in figure as waffle slab, according to ACI 318. Use Direct Design Method for slab analysis.

fc = 4 ksi fy = 60 ksi Live load = 100 psf

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

39

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Solution:

A 108 144 building, divided into twelve (12) panels, supported at their ends on columns. Each panel is 36 36.

The given slab system satisfies all the necessary limitations for Direct Design Method to be applicable.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

40

20

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 01: Sizes

Columns

Let all columns be 18 18.

Slab

Adopt 30 30 standard dome. Minimum equivalent flat slab thickness (hf) can be found using ACI Table 9.5 (c): Exterior panel governs. Therefore, hf = ln/33 ln = 36 (2 18/2)/12 = 34.5 hf = (34.5/33) 12 = 12.45
41

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 01: Sizes

Slab

The closest depth of doom that will fulfill the requirement of equivalent thickness of flat slab equal to 12.45 is 12 in. with a slab thickness of 4 in. for a dome size of 30-in.
Table: Waffle flat slabs (30" 30" voids at 3'-0")-Equivalent thickness Rib + Slab Depths (in.) 8+3 8+4 10 + 3 10 + 4 12 + 3 12 + 4 14 + 3 14 + 4 16 + 3 16 + 4 20 + 3 20 + 4 Equivalent Thickness te (in.) 8.61 9.79 10.18 11.37 11.74 12.95 13.3 14.54 14.85 16.12 17.92 19.26 42

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

21

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 01: Sizes

l = 36-0 = 432 Standard module = 36 36 No. of modules in 36-0: n = 432/36 = 12


Planning: First joist is placed on interior column centerline with progressive placing of other joists towards exterior ends of panel. To flush the last joist with external column, the width of exterior joist comes out to be 15 (6+Column size /2) as shown in plan view.

Planning of Joist layout

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

43

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 01: Sizes

Solid Head

Solid head dimension from column centerline = l/6 = 36/6 = 6 Total required length of solid head= 2 6 = 12 As 3 3 module is selected, therefore 4 voids including joist witdh will make an interior solid head of 12.5 12.5. (Length of solid head = c/c distance between rib + rib width )

Depth of the solid head = Depth of standard module = 12 + 4.5 = 16.5

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

44

22

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 02: Loads

Floor (joist) dead load (wdj) = 109 psf = 0.109 ksf

Dome Size

Table: Standard Dome Dimensions and other Data Floor Dead Load (psf) per slab thickness Volume of Void Dome Depth (in.) (ft3) 3 inches 4 inches 8 10 12 14 16 20 8 10 12 14 16 3.98 4.92 5.84 6.74 7.61 9.3 1.56 1.91 2.25 2.58 2.9 71 80 90 100 111 132 79 91 103 116 129 90 99 109 119 129 151 98 110 122 134 148

30-in

19-in

Reference: Table 11-1, CRSI Design Handbook 2002

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

45

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 02: Loads
Floor (joist) dead load (wdj) = 109 psf = 0.109 ksf Solid Head dead load (wsh) = chsh wdj = 0.15 {(12 + 4.5)/12} 0.109 = 0.097 ksf
Wdj+sh wdj Wdj+sh

a l1

a = 5.25 ft b = 12.5 ft
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

l2

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

46

23

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 02: Loads
wL = 100 psf = 0.100 ksf Load due to joists plus LL (wuj) wuj = 1.2 wdj + 1.6wL = 1.2 0.109 + 1.60.100 = 0.291 ksf Load due to solid head dead load (wush) wush = 1.2wsh = 1.2 0.097 = 0.1164 ksf
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011

wuj

wush a l1

wush a

l2

47

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 1: Marking E-W Interior Frame:

l2 = 36

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

48

24

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 2: Marking of Column and Middle Strips:

CS/2 = Least of l1/4 or l2/4 l2/4 = 36/4 = 9

MS/2 = 9 CS/2 = 9 CS/2 = 9 MS/2 = 9


49

l2 = 36

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 03: Static Moment Calculation

Moj (due to joists) = wojl2ln2/8 = 0.291 36 34.52/8 = 1557.56 ft-kip Mosh (due to solid head excluding joists) = wush ba2/2 = 0.116412.55.252/2 = 20 ft-kip Mo (total static moment) = Moj + Mosh = 1557.56 + 20 = 1577.56 ft-kip

Note: Since normally, Mosh is much smaller than Moj the former can be conveniently ignored in design calculations.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

50

25

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 03: Static Moment Calculation.

l2 = 36

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

51

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 04: Longitudinal distribution of Total static moment (Mo).

Longitudinal distribution factors (D.F)L


Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

0.52 0.26

0.35

0.52

l2 = 36

0.70 0.65 0.65 0.70 0.26

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

52

26

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 04: Longitudinal distribution of Total static moment (Mo).

ML = Mo (D.F)L

820

552

820

l2 = 36

410 1104 1025 1025 1104 410

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Units: ft-kip

Fall 2011

53

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M).

Lateral distribution factors (D.F)Lat


Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

0.60 0.60 0.60 1.00 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 1.00

l2 = 36

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

54

27

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M).

ML,ext- = 410 kip-ft ML,ext+ = 820 kip-ft ML,int- = 1104 kip-ft

ML,- = 1025 kip-ft


ML,+ = 552 kip-ft
0 328/2 276/2 256/2 221/2 256/2 276/2 328/2 492 410 0 828 769 331 769 828 492 410 0 0

MLat = ML (D.F)Lat

l2 = 36

328/2 276/2 256/2 221/2 256/2 276/2 328/2

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

55

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M).

ML,ext- = 410 kip-ft

ML,ext+ = 820 kip-ft


ML,int- = 1104 kip-ft ML,- = 1025 kip-ft ML,+ = 552 kip-ft
0 18.22 15.33 14.22 12.3 14.22 15.33 18.22 27.3 22.8 0 46 42.7 18.38 42.7 46 27.3 22.8 0 0

MLat per foot = Mlat/strip width

l2 = 36

18.22 15.33 14.22 12.3 14.22 15.33 18.22

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

56

28

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 03: Static Moment Calculation

Moj (due to joists) = wojl2ln2/8

l2 = 18 + c/2 = 18 + (18/12)/2 = 18.75 c = column dimension

= 0.291 18.75 34.52/8 = 811.78 ft-kip Mosh (due to solid head excluding joists) = wush ba2/2 = 0.116475.252/2 = 12.83 ft-kip Mo (total static moment) = Moj + Mosh = 811.78 + 12.83 = 825 ft-kip

Note: Since normally, Mosh is much smaller than Moj the former can be conveniently ignored in design calculations.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

57

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 03: Static Moment Calculation.

l2 = 18.75
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011

58

29

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 04: Longitudinal distribution of Total static moment (Mo).

Longitudinal distribution factors (D.F)L


Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

0.52 0.52 0.35 0.26 0.70 0.65 0.65 0.70 0.26


Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011

59

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 04: Longitudinal distribution of Total static moment (Mo).

ML = Mo (D.F)L
429 429 289 215 578 536 536 578 215
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Units: ft-kip

Fall 2011

60

30

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M).

Lateral distribution factors (D.F)Lat


0.60 0.60 0.60 1.00 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 1.00
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 61

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M).

ML,ext- = 215 kip-ft

ML,ext+ = 429 kip-ft


ML,int- = 578 kip-ft ML,- = 536 kip-ft ML,+ = 289 kip-ft

MLat = ML (D.F)Lat
215 0 257 172 434 402 144 134 173 116 769 402 134 144 257 172 215 0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

62

31

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M).

ML,ext- = 215 kip-ft ML,ext+ = 429 kip-ft ML,int- = 578 kip-ft

ML,- = 536 kip-ft


ML,+ = 289 kip-ft

MLat per foot = Mlat/strip width


23.8 0 28.6 48.2 44.7 19.2 44.7 48.2 28.6 23.8 0

17.64 14.76 13.74 11.89 13.74 14.76 17.64

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

63

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 03: Frame Analysis

Analysis of N-S Interior and Exterior Frame will be same as E-W respective frames due to square panels.

N-S Interior Frame l2 = 36-0

N-S Exterior Frame l2 = 18-9


Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011

64

32

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 04: Design

For E-W Interior Slab Strip:

Selective values are used for design.

18.22 15.33 14.22 12.3 14.22 15.33 18.22 27.3 18.38 46 42.7 42.7 46 27.3

22.8 0

22.8 0

l2 = 36

18.22 15.33 14.22 12.3 14.22 15.33 18.22

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

65

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 04: Design

E-W Exterior Frame.

Selective values are used for design

23.8 0

28.6

48.2

19.2 11.89

48.2

28.6 23.8 0

17.64 14.76

14.76 17.64

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

66

33

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 04: Design

Design of N-S Interior and Exterior Frame will be same as E-

W respective frames due to square panels and also for the


reason that davg is used in design.

davg

= 16.5 (0.75 inch (cover) + inch (Assumed bar

diameter) = 15 inch

This will be used for both directions positive as well as negative reinforcement.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

67

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Frames)

Negative Reinforcement in E-W direction

For M = 46 ft-k =46 x12 = 552 in-k d = 15 fy = 60 ksi As = 0.7 in2


#6 @ 12 #6 @ 6 #6 @ 6 #6 @ 12

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 12 Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 6

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 6

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 12 Fall 2011 68

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

34

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (N-S Frames)
#6 @ 12 #6 @ 18 #6 @ 12

Negative Reinforcement in N-S direction

#6 @ 6

#6 @ 18

#6 @ 6

#6 @ 6

#6 @ 18

#6 @ 6

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

69

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (N-S Frames)

Positive reinforcement
For M = 27 ft-k =27x12 = 324in-k d = 15 fy = 60 ksi As = 0.373 in2 This is per foot reinforcement. For 18 feet col strip, this will

be equal to 0.373 x 18 = 6.714 in2


There are 6 joists in 18 feet with. Therefore per rib reinforcement = 1.12 Using # 7 bars, 2 bars per joist rib will be provided.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

70

35

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Interior Frame)
18-0
#6 @ 6 c/c

Column Strip (Interior Frame); section taken over support


2 #7 Bars #6 @ 12 c/c

2 #7 Bars
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Column Strip (Exterior Frame); section taken over support


CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 71

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Interior Frame)
18-0
#6 @ 18 c/c

Middle Strip (Interior Frame); Section taken over column line


2 #7 Bars #6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Middle Strip (Exterior Frame); Section taken over column line


CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 72

36

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Exterior Frame)
9-0
#6 @ 6 c/c

2 #7 Bars

Column Strip (Interior Frame); section over support

#6 @ 12 c/c

2 #7 Bars
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

Column Strip (Exterior Frame); section over support


Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 73

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Exterior Frame)
9-0
#6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars

Middle Strip (Interior Frame) ; section over support

#6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

Middle Strip (Exterior Frame); section over support


Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 74

37

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two-Way Joist
Step No 04: Design

Note: For the completion of design problem, the waffle slab

should also be checked for beam shear and punching shear.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

75

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Moment Coefficient Method

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

76

38

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method (Introduction)

The Moment Coefficient Method included for the first time in 1963 ACI Code is applicable to two-way slabs supported on four sides of each slab panel by walls, steel beams relatively deep, stiff, edge beams (h = 3hf).

Although, not included in 1977 and later versions of ACI code, its continued use is permissible under the ACI 318-08 code provision (13.5.1). Visit ACI 13.5.1.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

77

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Ma,neg

Moment Coefficient Method


Moments:
Ma, neg = Ca, negwula2 Mb, neg = Cb, negwulb2

la
Ma,pos Mb,neg Mb,pos Mb,neg

lb

Ma,neg

Ma, pos, (dl + ll) = M a, pos, dl + M a, pos, ll = Ca, pos, dl wu, dl la2 + Ca, pos, ll wu, ll la2 Mb, pos, (dl + ll) = Mb, pos, dl + Mb, pos, ll = Cb, pos, dl wu, dl lb2 + Cb, pos, ll wu, ll lb2

Where Ca, Cb = Tabulated moment coefficients wu = Ultimate uniform load, psf la, lb = length of clear spans in short and long directions respectively.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

78

39

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

79

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

80

40

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

81

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

82

41

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Tables:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

83

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Tables:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

84

42

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Tables:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

85

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Tables:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

86

43

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Tables:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

87

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Tables:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

88

44

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Load Coefficient Table:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

89

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Maximum Spacing and Minimum Reinforcement Requirement:

Maximum spacing (ACI 13.3.2):


smax = 2 hf in each direction.

Minimum Reinforcement (ACI 7.12.2.1):


Asmin = 0.0018 b hf for grade 60. Asmin = 0.002 b hf for grade 40 and 50.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

90

45

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Special Reinforcement at Exterior Corner of Slab

The reinforcement at exterior ends of the slab shall be provided as per ACI 13.3.6 in top and bottom layers as shown.

The positive and negative reinforcement in any case, should be of a size and spacing equivalent to that required for the maximum positive moment (per foot of width) in the panel.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

91

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method
Steps
Find hmin = perimeter/ 180 = 2(la + lb)/180 Calculate loads on slab (force / area) Calculate m = la/ lb Decide about case of slab, Use table to pick moment coefficients, Calculate moments and then design. Apply reinforcement requirements (smax = 2hf, ACI 13.3.2)

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

92

46

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
A 100 60, 3-storey commercial building is to be designed. The grids of column plan are fixed by the architect.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

93

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Complete analysis of the slab is done by analyzing four panels
4 spans @ 25-0

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I
3 spans @ 20-0

Panel II

Panel IV

Panel IV

Panel II

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

94

47

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
A 100 60, 3-storey commercial building: Sizes and Loads.
Sizes:
Minimum slab thickness = perimeter/180 = 2 (20+25)/180 = 6 However, for the purpose of comparison, take hf = 7 Columns = 14 14 (assumed) Beams = 14 20 (assumed)

Loads:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

S.D.L = Nil ; Self Weight = 0.15 x (7/12) = 0.0875 ksf L.L = 144 psf ; wu = 0.336 ksf
CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 95

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
4 spans @ 25-0

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8

Mb,neg

Ma,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg

Mb,neg

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

96

48

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

97

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

98

49

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

99

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

100

50

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

101

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

102

51

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 Cb,posDL = 0.016 Ma,neg = 9.5 k-ft Ma,pos = 6.1 k-ft Mb,neg = 6.1 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.9 k-ft
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

4 spans @ 25-0

Panel I
Mb,neg

Ma,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg

Mb,neg

3 spans @ 20-0

For slab supported on Spandrals, Mneg,ext = 1/3Mpos


CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Fall 2011 103

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 9 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.075 Cb,neg = 0.017 Ca,posLL = 0.042 Cb,posLL = 0.017 Ca,posDL = 0.029 Cb,posDL = 0.010 Ma,neg = 10.1 k-ft Ma,pos = 5.1 k-ft Mb,neg = 3.6 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.1 k-ft
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

4 spans @ 25-0

Panel II

3 spans @ 20-0

Ma,neg Mb,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg Mb,neg

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

104

52

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 8 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.055 Cb,neg = 0.041 Ca,posLL = 0.044 Cb,posLL = 0.019 Ca,posDL = 0.032 Cb,posDL = 0.015 Ma,neg = 7.4 k-ft Ma,pos = 5.4 k-ft Mb,neg = 8.6 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.7 k-ft
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

4 spans @ 25-0

Panel III
Mb,neg

Ma,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg Mb,neg

3 spans @ 20-0

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

105

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method
Case = 2 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.065 Cb,neg = 0.027 Ca,posLL = 0.041 Cb,posLL = 0.017 Ca,posDL = 0.026 Cb,posDL = 0.011 Ma,neg = 8.7 k-ft Ma,pos = 4.9 k-ft Mb,neg = 5.7 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.2 k-ft
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115

4 spans @ 25-0

Panel IV

3 spans @ 20-0

Ma,neg Mb,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg Mb,neg

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

106

53

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Slab analysis summary
9.5 3.9 6.1 6.1 9.5 10.1 3.2 3.6 5.1 10.1 3.6 5.7 3.2 4.9 8.7 5.7 6.1 8.6 3.7 5.4 7.4 8.7 8.6 7.4

4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

107

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Slab Reinforcement Details
C A B B C A A B C B A B C B C A B C C C

4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

A= #4 @ 12 B = #4 @ 6 C = #4 @ 4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

108

54

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.71 2.39 B2 25 10 0.71 2.39 B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22 B4 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22

Panel I
B1

3 spans @ 20-0

B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

109

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.71 2.39 B2 25 10 0.71 2.39 B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22 B4 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22

Panel I
B1

3 spans @ 20-0

B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

110

55

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.83 2.78 B3 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714 B4 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714

B1

Panel II
B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

111

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.83 2.78 B3 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714 B4 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714

B1

Panel II
B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

112

56

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0
Panel III

3 spans @ 20-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.55 1.84 B3 20 12.5 - 0.45 1.89

B1

B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

113

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0
Panel III

3 spans @ 20-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.55 1.84 B3 20 12.5 - 0.45 1.89

B1

B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

114

57

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.71 2.39 B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22

3 spans @ 20-0

B1

Panel IV
B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

115

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams from coefficient tables
B2

4 spans @ 25-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using Coefficients (wu = 0.336 ksf) Width (bs) of Load slab due to Bea Length panel Wa Wb slab, m (ft) support Wwubs ed by (k/ft) beam B1 25 10 0.71 2.39 B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22

3 spans @ 20-0

B1

Panel IV
B1

B2

B4

B3

B3

B3

B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

116

58

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams
B2

4 spans @ 25-0
2.39 k/ft 1.22 k/ft 2.39 k/ft 1.84 k/ft 1.89 k/ft 1.84 k/ft 2.39 k/ft 1.22 k/ft 1.89 k/ft

1.22 k/ft
B1

3 spans @ 20-0

2.77 k/ft 0.71 k/ft


B1

0.71 k/ft 1.22 k/ft 2.77 k/ft 2.39 k/ft

B2

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

B4 CE 5115

B3 B3 B3 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

B4 Fall 2011

117

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1
Load On Beams
B2

4 spans @ 25-0
2.62 k/ft 2.07 k/ft 3.34 k/ft

Loads including self weight of beams 0.23 kip/ft

1.45 k/ft
B1

3 spans @ 20-0

5.39 k/ft 0.94 k/ft


B1

4.46 k/ft 2.16 k/ft

B2

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

B4 CE 5115

B3 B3 B3 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

B4 Fall 2011

118

59

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 2
Similarly, slab analysis results of 25 20 structure.
4 spans @ 25-0 Slab thickness = 6

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I
3 spans @ 20-0

SDL = 40 psf LL = 60 psf fc =3 ksi fy = 40 ksi wu = 0.234 ksf

Panel II

Panel IV

Panel IV

Panel II

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

119

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 2
Slab analysis summary
6.6 2.6 4.2 4.0 6.6 7 1.9 2.5 3.2 7 2.5 3.9 2.0 3.0 6.1 3.9 4.2 6.0 2.4 3.5 5.1 6.1 6.0 5.1

4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

120

60

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 3
Similarly, slab analysis results of 20 15 structure.
4 spans @ 20-0 Slab thickness = 6

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I
3 spans @ 15-0

SDL = 40 psf LL = 60 psf fc =3 ksi fy = 40 ksi wu = 0.234 ksf

Panel II

Panel IV

Panel IV

Panel II

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

121

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 3
Slab analysis summary
4 1.3 2.2 2.5 4 4.1 0.9 1.3 2.0 4.1 1.3 2.1 1.0 1.8 3.6 2.1 2.2 3.4 1.3 2.2 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.2

4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

122

61

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

References
CRSI Design Handbook ACI 318 Design of Concrete Structures 13th Ed. by Nilson, Darwin and Dolan.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

123

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

The End

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

CE 5115

Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Fall 2011

124

62