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Project :

Date :
11/26/2011

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Description :
Designed by : Checked by :

Page No. :
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THRUST BLOCK
HORIZONTAL BENDS

Drawing No. :
/

H2 =

2.00 H1 =

DESIGN CONSIDERATION : STA 0 + 67.904 (N 41301.17 E 62710.408) BEND: DN1200 X 45.88 q = Hydraulic gradeline ; HGL = rs = Surge Pressure D = Pipe outside Diameter; Pipe thickness; t = EL = Inverted Level : Finish Ground Level Weight of the pipe Unit weight of soil; Soil friction coeffiecient Angle of internal friction ; Unit weight of concrete; Compressive strenght of concrete; Concrete Elastic Modulus Yield strenght of steel; Elastic Modulus of steel Width of the block ; Height of the block ; Min. Length block of the per direction ; Max. Length block of the per direction ; Depth of the earth cover; Height from top of the block to NGL ; Height from top of pipe to NGL ; Total length of the block ; FGL = Wr = gs = m = f = gc = f'c = Ec = fy = Es = B = H = L1 = L2 = H1 = H2 = H3 = l =

W1

3 18 kN/m 0.5 25 23.54 kN/m3 27.5 MPa

H =

5.50 m 124.46 kg/m

W2 W3

P E

2.0

24647 413 MPa 200 GPa 2 m 2 m 1.15 m 2.00 m 1.79 m 3.79 m 2.18 m 2.1 m

l =
2.0

2 2.1
L2 = 2.0

q 2 L1

1.2
L
1

= 1.2

1.) Determine design presure ; d d = design (total) pressure = [HGL = 26.13 m x 9.81 kN + m3

3 9.81 Kn/m + surge pressure] 1.4 2.28 BarG x 100 kPa 1BarG 1.4

346.225

kPa

2.) Determine Thrust force; R (Horizontal bend) AS PER AWWA M 45 7.1 where d= Design (total) pressure A = Area of the Nominal area of the pipe P = 2dA sin ( q ) = 2 x 346.225 kN x[( 1.22 m)2x( p )] x sin 45 2 4 2 m2 P = 312.263 kN m ***Assume block size to be; 2 m B = H =

1.58 m

= 2.125 m

3.) Weight of soil on the block; W 1 W 1 = gs X h1 X 2L 18.00 kN X = W1 = 203.213 kN


X

B 1.79 m

2(

1.58 m)

4.) Weight of water and pipe in the block; W 2 = gw = W2 = 2AL + W r 9.81 kN X 2( m3 38.838 kN

W2

1.13 m2 ) x(

1.58 m) +

124.46

kg X 9.81 m m sec2 1000

X 1.58 m x

H3 = 2.18 = 22.9 2 m

3.8

45.88 26.128 2.284 1224.9

degrees m Bar mm 12.45 mm 2.11 m

FGL 1.8

Project :

Date :
11/26/2011

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THRUST BLOCK
HORIZONTAL BENDS

Drawing No. :
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5.) Weight of block; W 3 23.54 kN [( = m3 W3 = 209.459 kN

m)x(

m) -

( p )( 4

2 1.22 m) ]

2 x

1.58 m

6.) Total weight ; W W = W1 + W2 + W3 = 203.213 kN + m W = 451.510 kN

38.838 kN + 209.459 kN m m

7.)Friction force ; F F F = mW = 0.5 = 225.755 kN x 451.510 kN m

8.) Passive Pressure earth pressure at the back of the block ; E E = 1 Cw gs (h22-h12) l 2 = 1 x tan2 ( 45 + 25 )x 2 2 = 390.2094 kN R

18

kN x[( 3.79 m)2- ( 1.79 m3

m)2]x 1.58 m

9.) Total resistance force ; R = F + E R = 615.96

= 225.755 kN + 390.209 kN kN

10.) Safety FactorF.S. ; F.S. = R = P 615.964 kN = 312.263 kN 1.97 The calculated factor is larger than 1.5, therefore this block is satisfactory

11.) Check base stability

SOIL BEARING CAPACITY


Pb= 98.100 kN/m
2

2.1 l =

2
L2 = 2.0

REQUIRED AREA
Areq Areq W total Soil Bearing = 4.603 .= = m2 451.510 kN/m 98.100 kN/m2

2.0

q = 45.88

ACTUAL AREA
Aact.

Aact.

L1 2 1 B ( L1 + L2 ) x 2 = 1 x 2.00 m( 1.15 m + 2.00 m ) x 2 2 2 = 6.307 m since Aact.> Areq. THEREFORE Use Aact.
=

1.2

L1 =

1.2

Project :

Date :
11/26/2011

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THRUST BLOCK
HORIZONTAL BENDS

Drawing No. :
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NET ULTIMATE UPWARD SOIL PRESSURE


qnet qnet = W total x Aact. = 121.70 1.7 = kN/m3 451.51 kN/m 6.31 x m2 1.7

ALLOWABLE ULTIMATE SOIL PRESSURE


qult qult = = PB x 1.7 X W total W total q ult > q net SAFE !!!!

166.77

I.] DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS : 1.1 ACI 318-02 & PCA NOTES ON ACI 318-02 II.] MATERIALS : 2.1 Loads (Input Data) : Unit Weight of concrete, : Unit Weight of soil, 2.2 Concrete : Compressive Strength, Cover to Main Bars, : Yield Strength, Main Bar Diameter, T & S Bar Diameter, 2.4 Slab : Length, Width, Slab Thickness, Height of soil, gc = gs = f'c = c = fy = DM = DT = L W t H1 = = = = 23.540 kN/m3 18.000 kN/m3 27.500 MPa 75.000 mm 413.000 MPa 16 mm 16 mm 1.612 3.154 0.400 1.790
m m m m

2.3 Deformed Bars

III.] CALCULATIONS : FIGURE :

W
2.00 m

Wu

L
DESIGN FORCES : Min. t = ( L / 20 ) [ 0.40 + ( fy / 700 ) ] = ( 1612 / 20 ) [ 0.40 + ( 413 / = 79.82 mm use 400 mm Consider 1m strip : Wt. of slab = ( 0.40 ) ( 3.15 ) = 29.69 kN/m Surcharge = =

1.61 m

700

)]

( 23.54 )

1.00 m x 3.154 56.763 kN/m = = 1.79 x 3.154 2 101.606 kN/m

18.000

Overburden Soil

18.000

1.79 m

Project :

Date :
11/26/2011

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THRUST BLOCK
HORIZONTAL BENDS

Drawing No. :
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Wu = = = =

Total design load : 1.4 W DL + 1.7 W S 1.40 x 29.69 + 41.57 + 269.23 310.80 kN/m

1.70

158.37

2 Mu = Wu * L / 12 2 = 310.80 x ( 1.61 ) = 101.01 kN-m

/ 8

Mu bd2fy

where :

d = t - c - DM/2 = 317.000
mm

= x =

(0.9)

( 1.00 )

101.010 ( 0.317 )

413

x 10-3

2.7043E-03

m = fy / 0.85f'c = 17.668 rreq'd = [1 - (1-2mx)] / m = 0.002772 rmax (0.75) (0.85) ( fy = 0.021 = 0.0028 ( b ) ( fc' ) (600) 600 + fy ) = 0.75 (0.85) (0.85) ( 28 ) ( 600 ) 413 ( 600 + 413 ) As req = rbd = 878.78

use r =

mm2

Ab = p (DM)2 / 4 = 201.062 Min S = Max S = 100 mm ( 600 mm

mm2

S = (Ab / As req'd) mm = 228.80

450 mm

\ USE :

16mm @

220mm O.C.

TEMPERATURE BARS As = 0.0020bh = = 0.002 800 x


mm2

( 16mm )

1000

x 400.000

Ab = p (DT)2 / 4 = 201.062 Min S = Max S =

mm2

S = (Ab / Min As) (b) = 251.327 mm

100 mm ( 2000 mm

450 mm

\ USE :

16mm @

250mm O.C.

CHECK FOR SHEAR : Vu = ( 29.69 ) = 219.49 ( 1.41 )


kN

( 0.50 )

( 1.40 ) +

( 158.4 )

( 1.41 )

( 0.50 )

( 1.70 )

Project :

Date :
11/26/2011

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Description :
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THRUST BLOCK
HORIZONTAL BENDS

Drawing No. :
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Using 0.50 m thickness of concrete at face of support : Vc = fVc fc bw d 6 = 0.85 x = 27.50 ( 1000.00 ) 6 317.00 = 277.06 kN

277.06

235.50 kN
Safe !!!

therefore :

VU < VC ;

16mm @

250mm O.C.

2.00 m

16mm @

220mm O.C.

H =

DN1200 X 45.9

= 2.00 m