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Karim Ahmed Fahmy 200330237 Lab 6 Investigation of the variation in refrigerator coefficient of performance for various evaporating temperatures

Summary The objective of this lab is to examine the operation of a standard vapour compression refrigeration cycle and to determine the production of the cycle diagram under various conditions, the production of an energy balance for the refrigerator and the coefficient of performance of the cycle

Procedure: 1- Turn on main water supply, then start the system with a refrigeration load of approximately 200 W. Set the cooling water flow to give a condenser pressure of approximately 800-1000 KN/m2 . Record all temperatures, pressures, flow, and power readings after 5 to 10 minutes for stabilization. 2- The unit should be run for few minutes at a moderation load of approximately 400-800 W and then set to the desired conditions for the test. The evaporator temperature,t4,is set by adjusting the evaporator heat input. The condensing temperature is set by adjustment of condenser cooling water flow unit the condenser pressure is the saturation pressure at the desired condensing temperature. 3- Take 4 set of data with constant condensing pressure and another 4 sets of data with constant evaporating pressure. Aspects of refrigeration
CONDENSER

Compressor Expansion Valve

EVAPORATOR

The procedure that the refrigerant goes through begins with it entering the compressor as a vapor and is then compressed to the condenser pressure. It leaves the compressor at high pressure and cools down and condenses as it passes the coil of the condenser by ejecting heat. The second law of thermodynamic includes the statement, it is impossible to transfer heat from a region at a lower temperature to another higher temperature without the aid of an external agency. Refrigerators and heat pumps are examples of machines that transfer heat from a low to high temperature region and the external agency employed may either work or high grade heat.

Results and Discussion


Data Series test No: Condenser Pressure (Pc) Evaporator Pressure (Pe) Compressor Suction (t1) Compressor Delivery (t2) Liquid leaving condensor (t3) Evaporator inlet (t4) Water inlet (t5) Water outlet (t6) Water flowrate (Mw) R134a Flow Rate (Mr) Evaporator load (Qe) Motor input (Qme) Spring Balance F(N) Compressor speed (nc) Motor speed (nm) =nc*1.98 Constant condenser pressure 1 2 3 4 850 850 850 850 30 50 70 90 -21 -13.2 -9.1 -4 50.8 56.3 60.4 62 30.9 -21.4 20 37 7 2 188 380 7 855 1692. 9 34 -17.6 20.6 35.5 9 2.5 273 398 7.1 832 1647.3 6 34.3 -15.1 20.3 34.1 12 2.8 332 409 7.5 816 1615.6 8 33.9 -12.1 18.7 33.2 13 3.2 425 427 8 796 1576.0 8 Constant evaporator pressure 1 2 3 4 850 900 1000 1110 90 90 90 90 -4 -9.7 -6 -4.2 62 62.9 64 66.4 33.9 -12.1 18.7 33.2 13 3.2 425 427 8 796 1576.0 8 34.4 -12 18.2 36 10 3 400 425 7.9 795 1574. 1 36.3 -12.3 19 40.5 8.1 2.8 356 430 8 790 1564. 2 39.1 -12.3 19.3 44.8 6 2.6 324 433 8.2 783 1550.3 4

Pe abs (kpa) T sat (0C) COP

130 -20.55 0.4947

150 -17.185 0.6859

170 -14.165 0.8117

190 -11.41 0.9953

950 37.48 0.9953

1000 39.37 0.9412

1100 42.83 0.8279

1210 46.6 0.7483

Equipment: Unit R713, P.A Hilton ltd.

References Lab 4,5 and 6 handouts


http://www.eng.su.ac.th/me/elearning/ThermodynamicsII/3RefrigerationCycle.pdf

Recommendations: 1) Make sure that there is no leak in the whole system 2) Wait till values become stable before recording them 3) Make sure to follow the correct order when performing the experiment