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Desgin of Raectangular Beam for Flexural Using Tha Ultimate-Strength


Variables
required dimenstion"
Dimention That will be used

required data
Input data
=

Steel Yeild Strength =

250

kg/cm2

4200

kg/cm3

4
4
0.8
12
2.5

t.m2
cm
mm
mm
cm

Fluxural Moment =
Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Stirrup Used =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Spacign between bars =

Beam
Beam Hight

Concrete Strength

Unit

Limitted
B1 =

0.85

Balanced Reinforcement Ratio

b =

0.0255

Maximum Reinforcement Ratio max. =

0.0191

Minimum Reinforcement Ratio min. =

0.0033

Design Reinforcement Ratio des. =

0.0096

Assumed Dimension of Beam


Used Width of Beam =
Used Hight of Beam =

90
25

30
25
20
15
10
5
0

20

cm
cm

Determination of Beam Dimestion, b & h if One Layer Exist.


Moment

Req. bd2

Used b

Req. d

Used h

Used d

rev.

A. Steel

# Req.

40

t.m
4

cm3
12220

cm
90

cm
11.7

19.0

cm

cm
25

cm
20.3

.
Check Spacing =

rev.
0.0029
High Concrete

cm2
5.4

bars
4.7

A. Steel

# Req.

cm
5.4

bars
4.7

OK

Determination of Beam Dimension, b & h if Two Layer Exist.


Moment

Req. bd2

Used b

Req. d

Used h

Used d

t.m
4

cm
12220

cm
90

cm
11.7

cm
25

cm
20.3

Use 12

Lower Layer
5.0

Spacing of Lower Layer =


Spacing of Upper Layer =

19.0
No bars

rev.
0.0029
High Concrete

Upper Layer
0
cm
cm

OK
OK

mail.com

Concrete

Ultimate-Strength Design Method

Stirrup

90

86

90
0
0

25
25
0

86
4
4

Beam Cross Section

20

40

60

80

100

120

Beam Width

# Used

Used bd2/Req. bd2

140

160

180

200

bars
5.0

cm3
304.1%
OK

# Used

Used bd2/Req. bd2

bars
5.0

cm3
304.1%
OK

dis. add from the corner of the stirrup


0.8
Stirrup

1.5

lower layer of steel


X
Y

1
upper layer of steel
X
Y

line
X

4.8

4.8

3.3

24.96

4.8

4.8

21
21
4

3
4
5
6

45.12
65.28
85.44
4.8

6
6
6
6

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6

7
8
9
10
11

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6
6

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6
6

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6
6

12

4.8

4.8

4.8

13

4.8

4.8

4.8

14

4.8

4.8

4.8

15
16
17
18
19
20
21

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6
6
6
6

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6
6
6
6

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

6
6
6
6
6
6
6

22
23

4.8
4.8

6
6

4.8
4.8

6
6

4.8
4.8

6
6

24

4.8

4.8

4.8

25

4.8

4.8

4.8

26

4.8

4.8

4.8

27
28

4.8
4.8

6
6

4.8
4.8

6
6

4.8
4.8

6
6

29
30

4.8
4.8

6
6

4.8
4.8

6
6

4.8
4.8

6
6

. :
Desgin of Raectangular and Circular Column Using Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method
Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

spacing
diameter
# bars

Input data
Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Applied Force =
Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Stirrup Used =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Spacing Between Bars =
Spacing of Ties "Stirrup" =

Unit
210
4000
122
2.5
8
14
38
22

radius

kg/cm2
kg/cm2
ton
cm
mm
mm
mm
cm

Circular Column Reinforcement

Assumed Diameter =
55
Area
Req. Dia. Used Dia. Used Area
cm2
cm
cm
cm2
1005
35.8
55
2376

30
20
10

Ckeck Spacing =

8.6

cm

rev.
0.0100
OK
cm

As
cm2
23.8

# Req.
bars
15.4

# Used
bars
16.0

-40

-30

-20

-10
0
-10

OK

Check Horizontal Spacing =


Check Vertical Spacing =

15.9
10.6

0.0100
OK
cm
cm

Use 4 14 mm in horizontal each layer


Use 0 14 mm in vertical each side

40

-40

cm
cm

rev.

30

-30

As
cm2
12.0

# Req.
bars
7.8

Rectangular Column Reinforcement

# Used
bars
8.0

25
20

OK
OK

Col. Width

20
60
14
cm2
1200

20

-20

Rectangular Column Cross Section


Assumed Width =
Assumed Long =
Used b
Req. h
Used h
cm
cm
cm
20
50.3
60

10

15
10
5
0
0

10

20

30

40 Long
50
Cpl.

60

70

1.4
16
27.5

cover =
radius

0.4
To Draw The Concrete Edge
X
Y
-X
0.4
27.49709
-0.4
0.8
27.48836
-0.8
1.2
27.47381
-1.2
1.6
27.45342
-1.6
2
27.42718
-2

40

Circular Column Cross Section

8.3516

80

90

100

Y
27.49709
27.48836
27.47381
27.45342
27.42718

To draw The Cover of the concrete


-y
X
-27.49709
0.4
-27.48836
0.8
-27.47381
1.2
-27.45342
1.6
-27.42718
2

2.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4
4.4
4.8
5.2

27.39507
27.35708
27.31318
27.26335
27.20754
27.14572
27.07785
27.00389

-2.4
-2.8
-3.2
-3.6
-4
-4.4
-4.8
-5.2

27.39507
27.35708
27.31318
27.26335
27.20754
27.14572
27.07785
27.00389

-27.39507
-27.35708
-27.31318
-27.26335
-27.20754
-27.14572
-27.07785
-27.00389

2.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4
4.4
4.8
5.2

5.6
6
6.4
6.8
7.2
7.6
8
8.4
8.8
9.2
9.6

26.92378
26.83747
26.74491
26.64601
26.54072
26.42896
26.31064
26.18568
26.05398
25.91544
25.76994

-5.6
-6
-6.4
-6.8
-7.2
-7.6
-8
-8.4
-8.8
-9.2
-9.6

26.92378
26.83747
26.74491
26.64601
26.54072
26.42896
26.31064
26.18568
26.05398
25.91544
25.76994

-26.92378
-26.83747
-26.74491
-26.64601
-26.54072
-26.42896
-26.31064
-26.18568
-26.05398
-25.91544
-25.76994

5.6
6
6.4
6.8
7.2
7.6
8
8.4
8.8
9.2
9.6

10
10.4
10.8
11.2
11.6
12
12.4

25.61738
25.45761
25.29051
25.11593
24.93371
24.74369
24.54567

-10
-10.4
-10.8
-11.2
-11.6
-12
-12.4

25.61738
25.45761
25.29051
25.11593
24.93371
24.74369
24.54567

-25.61738
-25.45761
-25.29051
-25.11593
-24.93371
-24.74369
-24.54567

10
10.4
10.8
11.2
11.6
12
12.4

12.8
13.2
13.6
14
14.4
14.8
15.2
15.6
16
16.4
16.8
17.2
17.6
18
18.4
18.8
19.2
19.6
20
20.4
20.8
21.2
21.6
22
22.4
22.8
23.2
23.6
24
24.4
24.8
25.2
25.6
26
26.4
26.8
27.2
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6

24.33947
24.12488
23.90167
23.6696
23.4284
23.17779
22.91746
22.64707
22.36627
22.07465
21.77177
21.45717
21.13031
20.79062
20.43747
20.07013
19.68781
19.28963
18.87459
18.44153
17.98916
17.51599
17.02028
16.5
15.95274
15.37563
14.76516
14.11701
13.42572
12.68424
11.88318
11.00954
10.0444
8.958236
7.7
6.165225
4.050926
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-12.8
-13.2
-13.6
-14
-14.4
-14.8
-15.2
-15.6
-16
-16.4
-16.8
-17.2
-17.6
-18
-18.4
-18.8
-19.2
-19.6
-20
-20.4
-20.8
-21.2
-21.6
-22
-22.4
-22.8
-23.2
-23.6
-24
-24.4
-24.8
-25.2
-25.6
-26
-26.4
-26.8
-27.2
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6

24.33947
24.12488
23.90167
23.6696
23.4284
23.17779
22.91746
22.64707
22.36627
22.07465
21.77177
21.45717
21.13031
20.79062
20.43747
20.07013
19.68781
19.28963
18.87459
18.44153
17.98916
17.51599
17.02028
16.5
15.95274
15.37563
14.76516
14.11701
13.42572
12.68424
11.88318
11.00954
10.0444
8.958236
7.7
6.165225
4.050926
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-24.33947
-24.12488
-23.90167
-23.6696
-23.4284
-23.17779
-22.91746
-22.64707
-22.36627
-22.07465
-21.77177
-21.45717
-21.13031
-20.79062
-20.43747
-20.07013
-19.68781
-19.28963
-18.87459
-18.44153
-17.98916
-17.51599
-17.02028
-16.5
-15.95274
-15.37563
-14.76516
-14.11701
-13.42572
-12.68424
-11.88318
-11.00954
-10.0444
-8.958236
-7.7
-6.165225
-4.050926
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

12.8
13.2
13.6
14
14.4
14.8
15.2
15.6
16
16.4
16.8
17.2
17.6
18
18.4
18.8
19.2
19.6
20
20.4
20.8
21.2
21.6
22
22.4
22.8
23.2
23.6
24
24.4
24.8
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2

27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6
27.6

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6
-27.6

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2
25.2

2.5
25

stirrup diameter

24
18
22.5

-X
-0.4
-0.8
-1.2
-1.6
-2

Y
24.9968
24.9872
24.97118
24.94875
24.91987

degree
To draw the steel "reinforcement"
-y
degree
-24.9968
1
22.5
-24.9872
2
45
-24.97118
3
67.5
-24.94875
4
90
-24.91987
5
112.5

24.88453
24.84271
24.79435
24.73944
24.67793
24.60975
24.53487
24.45322

-2.4
-2.8
-3.2
-3.6
-4
-4.4
-4.8
-5.2

24.88453
24.84271
24.79435
24.73944
24.67793
24.60975
24.53487
24.45322

-24.88453
-24.84271
-24.79435
-24.73944
-24.67793
-24.60975
-24.53487
-24.45322

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

135
157.5
180
202.5
225
247.5
270
292.5

-16.59715
-21.69862
-23.49997
-21.72725
-16.65006
-9.040584
-0.056141
8.936841

16.61692
8.992921
-0.000173
-8.99324
-16.61716
-21.71126
-23.5
-21.71106

24.36473
24.26932
24.16692
24.05743
23.94076
23.8168
23.68544
23.54655
23.4
23.24564
23.08333

-5.6
-6
-6.4
-6.8
-7.2
-7.6
-8
-8.4
-8.8
-9.2
-9.6

24.36473
24.26932
24.16692
24.05743
23.94076
23.8168
23.68544
23.54655
23.4
23.24564
23.08333

-24.36473
-24.26932
-24.16692
-24.05743
-23.94076
-23.8168
-23.68544
-23.54655
-23.4
-23.24564
-23.08333

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

315
337.5
360
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5

16.57063
21.68422
23.49988
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296

-16.6168
-8.992762
0.000345
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081

1
2
3
4

0.8
For Steel layers
Upper
X
Y
4.1
21.43333
38.76667
56.1

22.91288
22.73412
22.54684
22.35084
22.14588
21.93171
21.70806

-10
-10.4
-10.8
-11.2
-11.6
-12
-12.4

22.91288
22.73412
22.54684
22.35084
22.14588
21.93171
21.70806

-22.91288
-22.73412
-22.54684
-22.35084
-22.14588
-21.93171
-21.70806

25
26
27
28
29
30
31

22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5

21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296

8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

he Cover of the concrete


Y
24.9968
24.9872
24.97118
24.94875
24.91987

X
21.71296
16.62362
9.006026
0.018714
-8.971445

Y
8.993081
16.61704
21.71119
23.5
21.71113

x
0
0
60
60
0

Concrete edge
Concrete cover
y
x
y
0
2.5
2.5
20
2.5
17.5
20
57.5
17.5
0
57.5
2.5
0
2.5
2.5

0.8
Lower
X

3.5
4.1
3.5 21.43333
3.5 38.76667
3.5
56.1

16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

21.47464
21.23111
20.97713
20.71232
20.43624
20.14845
19.84843
19.53561
19.20937
18.86902
18.51378
18.14277
17.755
17.34935
16.92454
16.47908
16.01125
15.51902
15
14.4513
13.86939
13.24991
12.5873
11.87434
11.10135
10.25475
9.314505
8.248636
7
5.444263
3.155947
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-12.8
-13.2
-13.6
-14
-14.4
-14.8
-15.2
-15.6
-16
-16.4
-16.8
-17.2
-17.6
-18
-18.4
-18.8
-19.2
-19.6
-20
-20.4
-20.8
-21.2
-21.6
-22
-22.4
-22.8
-23.2
-23.6
-24
-24.4
-24.8
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2

21.47464
21.23111
20.97713
20.71232
20.43624
20.14845
19.84843
19.53561
19.20937
18.86902
18.51378
18.14277
17.755
17.34935
16.92454
16.47908
16.01125
15.51902
15
14.4513
13.86939
13.24991
12.5873
11.87434
11.10135
10.25475
9.314505
8.248636
7
5.444263
3.155947
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-21.47464
-21.23111
-20.97713
-20.71232
-20.43624
-20.14845
-19.84843
-19.53561
-19.20937
-18.86902
-18.51378
-18.14277
-17.755
-17.34935
-16.92454
-16.47908
-16.01125
-15.51902
-15
-14.4513
-13.86939
-13.24991
-12.5873
-11.87434
-11.10135
-10.25475
-9.314505
-8.248636
-7
-5.444263
-3.155947
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5

21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296

8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2
-25.2

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126

22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5

21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296
21.71296

8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081
8.993081

66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
16.5

if right or left spacing > 15cm


vertical spacing =
10.6
used
2 bars
vertical
req. in vertical =
0
upper + lower bars
spacing in vertical =

1
2
3
4

left steel
X
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1

8
10.6 OK

Y
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

right steel
X
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

Y
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

req. spacing for every bar


5.2

12
13
14
15

4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

56.1
56.1
56.1
56.1

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

. :
Desgin of Raectangular Footing Using Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method
Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

Load
service Dead Load (t) =

Input data

Unit
212
4000
15.0

kg/cm2

2.5

t.m3

1.7
5.0
12.0
1.10

t.m3

Assuming Depth of Footing =

30

cm

d=

23.80

cm

P allow =

12.890
1.2
1.2
Used
Length
(m)
1.20

t.m2
cm
cm
Used
Area
(m2)
1.44

Assumed Width
Assumed Length
Used
Area
Width
2
(m )
(m)
1.396
1.20

Req.
length
(m)
1.16

27.3

Factored Load (t)

20

cm
mm
m

cm

ultimate
pressure
t.m2
18.96

1.20

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

21.17
66.09
Note:

Column Cross Section (cm)


50

30

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation

18

1.20 m

Soil Unit Weight s

kg/cm3
t.m2

Unfactored Load (t) =

1.10 m

Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Allowable Soil Pressure
Concrete Unit Weight c

11

service live Load (t) =

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


Short Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

5.96
18.73
Note:

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Long Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

2.55
18.73

O.K

Design for Flexural


Long Direction

Mu

Short Direction
As

Mu

t.m
cm2
1.39
0.001800
6.5
Use 12mm Every 16.5

t.m
1.39
0.00180
Use 12mm Every

Use 6 12 mm

As
cm2
6.5
22.6

Use 6 12 mm

Central Band reinforcement =

6.5 cm2

Use 6 12 mm

in the central band

Use 1 12 mm

in each side of central band

Design Drawings

Check for bearing strength


Pn

Pu

126.14

27.3

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

Pn >=Pu
OK
5 cm2

Use 6 12

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 12mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =
Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =
Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

Required development lengh Ld =

1
1
0.8
1
5.6
0
15.99

cm

OK

Avaliable Length =

45

cm

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

34.08

cm

OK
Lsplice >= 35 cm

Use 6 12

30 cm

Lsplice >= 35 cm

Use 6 12 mm

1.2 m

m
1.20

Use 1 12 mm

Use 1 12 mm

Use 6 12 mm

1.20 m

Reinforcement in long direction


No=
x
1

0.074
1.13

0.074
1.126

0.074
1.126

Edge
x

sturipp
x

0.85

1.30

0.15

1.30

0.35

0.5

no

1.05

1.3

0.35

1.30

1.20

0.85

0.5

1.20
0.850
0.850
0.75

0.3
0.30
1.30
1.30

x
0.35
0.85

y
0.70
0.7

0.6

1.20

0.6
0.45

1.40
1.30

0.35

1.30

0.350
0.0
0.0

0.3
0.3
0.0

bar in each side


1

foot dimention
length
width

1.20
1.20

column dimention
length
50
width

Reinforcement in long direction


7
16.5

20

0.074
0.074
0.074

0.074
0.074
0.074

1
2

1.126
1.126

0.074

0.074

1.126

0.35
0.85

0.90
0.9

0.074

0.074

4
5

1.126
1.126

x
0.35
0.85

y
1.10
1.1

0.050
0.050
1.150

0.250
0.050
0.050

0.383333
0.383333

0.350
0.6408

1.150

0.3

x
0.825
0.825

y
0.35
0.6408

1
2

0.074
0.2996

0.074
0.074

3
4
5

0.5252
0.7508
0.9764

0.074
0.074
0.074

6
7

1.202
0.074

0.074
0.074

0.37
0.37

0.108
1.20

x
1.12

y
0.108

8
9
10
11
12

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

0.830

0.108

13

0.074

0.074

0.830

1.200

14
15
16
17

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

18
19
20
21
22
23

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

24

0.074

0.074

25

0.074

0.074

26
27
28
29

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

y
0.35
0.85
0.85
0.35
0.35

1.13
1.13

0.5
0.500
0.70
0.70
0.50

0.961
edge
x
0.795333
0.795333

bar

y
0.108

0.961

x
0.231

column cross section

y
0
1.20
1.20

0
0
1.20

s
x

1
2
3

column reinf

dowel reinforcement

no

centraal band
Reinf in short dir
no =
Reinf in long dir

bar in each side

-0.062

bar in each side


1
-0.062
y
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.074

. :
Desgin of Square Footing Using Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method
Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

Load
Unit
210
4100
15.0

kg/cm2
kg/cm3
t.m2

2.5

t.m3

1.8
5.0
14.0
1.50

t.m3

Assuming Thick of Footing =

35

cm

d=

28.60

cm

12.055

t/m2

Used
Length
(m)
2.00

Used
Area
(m2)
4.00

q allow

Used
Width
(m)
2.00

Area
(m )
3.982
2

Req.
length
(m)
2.00

48

Column Cross Section (cm)


50

70.8

Factored Load (t)

20

cm
mm
m
cm

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation

Unfactored Load (t) =

35

Soil Unit Weight

36
12

1.50 m

Input data
Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Allowable Soil Pressure
Concrete Unit Weight c

service Dead Load (t) =


service live Load (t) =

ultimate
pressure
t.m2
17.70

2.00 m

Check Punching Shear


64.04
85.50
Note:

O.K

2.00 m

Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


Short Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

21.74
37.34
Note:

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Long Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

16.43
37.34

O.K

Design for Flexural


in Each Direction

Mu

As

t.m
cm2
9.96
0.001800
12.6
Use 14mm Every 21.8

Use 9 14 mm

Design Drawings

Check for bearing strength


Pn

Pu

124.95

70.8

Use minimum
dowel reinf =
Note: Pn must be > Pu

Pn >=Pu
OK
5 cm2

Use 4 14

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 14mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =
Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =
Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1
1
0.8
1
5.70
0

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

22.03
85.0

cm
cm

OK

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

40.75

cm

Lsplice >= 41 cm

Use 4 14

35 cm

Lsplice >= 41 cm

Use 9 14 mm

Use 9 14 mm
2.00 m

m
2.00

Use 9 14 mm

Use 9 14 mm

1.25

1.35

1.45

1.4

foot dimention
length
width

2.00
2.00

column dimention
length
width

Reinforcement in long direction


No=
9
21.8
x
y
1
0.078
1.92
1.92
1.92
2

0.078

1.704

1.922

1.704

0.078
1.922

1.4855
1.4855

Edge

sturipp

0.55

1.35

0.75

0.55

bar in each side


no

0.75

1.35

2.00

1.25

0.55

2.00
1.250
1.250
1.15

0.35
0.35
1.35
1.35

x
0.75
1.25

y
0.75
0.75

1.25

1
0.85
0.75

1.45
1.35
1.35

0.75
1.25

0.750

0.4

0.0
0.0

0.4
0.0

0.75
1.25

1.15
1.15

0.050

0.300

0.7833333

0.400

0.050
1.950

0.050
0.050

0.7833333 0.75754

1.950

0.3

dowel reinforcement
x
y
0.385
0.116

column dimention
50
20

0.77
0.77

0.116
1.25

x
1.69

y
0.116

1.230
1.230

0.116
1.250

column cross section


x
y
0.75
0.9
1.25
0.900
1.25
1.10
0.75
1.10
0.75
0.90
edge
x

y
0
2.00
2.00

0
0
2.00

x
1.225
1.225

y
0.4
0.75754

s
x

-0.064

1
2
3

0.078
0.078
0.078

0.078
0.078
0.078

1
2

1.922
1.922

0.078
0.078

0.078

0.078

1.922

0.078

0.95
0.95

0.078

0.078

4
5

1.922
1.922

0.078
0.078

column reinf

no

centraal band
Reinf in short dir
no =
Reinf in long dir

bar in each side

-0.064

bar
x

1
2

0.078
0.078

0.078
0.078

3
4
5
6
7

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

8
9
10
11
12

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

24

0.078

0.078

25

0.078

0.078

26
27
28
29

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

0.078
0.078
0.078
0.078

. :

Desgin of neighbor Footing Using Tha Ultimate-Streng


Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

Load
service Dead Load (t) =

Input data

Unit

service live Load (t) =

Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Allowable Soil Pressure
Concrete Unit Weight c

250
4200
25.0

kg/cm

Unfactored Load (t) =

kg/cm
t.m2

Factored Load (t)

2.5

t.m

Soil Unit Weight s


Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation

1.6
5.0
18.0
1.3

t.m3
cm
mm
m

Assuming Thick of Footing =


d=

95.00
88.20

cm
cm

qallow(net)

22.145

Try Width
Try Length

2.00
1.00

t/m2
cm
cm

Ecentrcity (e)

Area

qmax

qmin

(m2)
2.000

t/m2
300.50

t/m2
300.50

Used
Width
(m)
2.00

Used
length
(m)
1.00

k
Note:
not o
qmax must be (compressive) & <=q allow (net)

qmin must be (compressive) & >0


Ultimate stress

qmax

qmin

t/m2

t/m2

436.45

436.45

OK

1.25m

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

-342.33
542.16
Note:

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

0
0

0.5

-50
-100
-150

Check Beam shear

-200

Short Direction

-250

Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

-508.03
125.65
Note:

-300

O.K

-350

must be Vc >Vu

Long Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

-384.9489
62.83

O.K

436.45

Design for Flexural


Long Direction
Mu

t.m
39.28
0.001800
Diameter used(mm)

Short Direction
As

Mu

cm
34.2
20

t.m
0.00
0.00180
Diameter Used (mm)

Use 11 20 mm (B)

As
cm2
17.1
20

Use 6 20 mm (B)

Check for bearing strength


Pn

Pu

Pn >=Pu

1190

872.9

OK

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

40 cm2
Use 16 18

-300.50

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement (Short Dir.)


Bottom reinforcement ( 18mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =
Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =
Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1
1
0.8
1
6.0
0

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

32.48
75

cm
cm

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

59.64

cm

take Lsp not less than 60 cm

Use 11 20 mm (B)

take Lsp not less than 60

2.00 m

ltimate-Strength Design Method

496
105
Column Cross Section (cm)

601
200

872.9
40

P
M

95cm

cm
128.2
cm

Width(m)

Length(m)

244.1

1.00

-300.50

2.00
2.00

-300.50
0

2m
Allawable Setress (t/m2)

0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

-50

OK

-100
-150
-200
-250
-300

-300.50

-300.50

-350

Ultimate Setress (t/m2)

436.45

340.21
436.45

Design Drawings

OK

Lsp not less than 60 cm

95.0 cm

Use 16 18

1.00 m

Use 6 20 mm (B)

OK

. :
Desgin of Combined Footing Using Tha Ultimate-Strength
Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

service Dead Load (t) =


service live Load (t) =

Unit

Unfactored Load (t) =

300
4200
15.0

kg/cm
kg/cm3
t.m2

2.4

t.m3
t.m3

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation
Dis. center to center col. =

1.8
7.5
20.0
1.50
2.20

Assuming Depth of Footing =

50

cm

d=

41.50

cm

P allow =

12.000

t/m2

Assumed Width

2.2

cm

Req.
length
(m)
4.91

Used
Length
(m)
4.91

Used
Area
(m2)
10.81

L1
1.332

L2
1.381

Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Allowable Soil Pressure
Concrete Unit Weight c
Soil Unit Weight

Area
(m2)
10.808

Used
Width
(m)
2.2

Calculate L1 & L2
X1

X2

1.125

1.075

Factored Load (t)

cm
mm
m
m

1.50 m

Input data

ultimate
pressure
t/m2
18.000

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

87.49
211.13
Note:

for C2
O.K

must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

20.41
71.24
Note:

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Design for Flexural


Bottom longitudinal reinf.

Mu
t.m

Tranverse reinforcement

Under C1

As
cm

Mu

37.76
0.002692
24.6
Use 20mm Every 22.9

t.m
17.51

Use 8 20 mm(B)

Under C2
As

Mu

cm
12.1

t.m
18.31

0.00385

Use 4 20 mm

Use 5 20 mm

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (bottom side)


Dia. used for shrinkage(mm) =

14

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (top side)


Check for bearing strength
C1

C2

Pn

Pu

Pn

Pu

Pn >=Pu

285.6

95.1

285.6

99.45

OK

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

8 cm2 for each column

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 20mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =

1
1
0.8

Lightweight aggregate Concrete Factor ( ) =


Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1
8.50
0

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

43.92
123.68

cm
cm

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

59.64

cm

OK
Lsplice >= 60

S.F.D

60

52.74

44.76

40

20.41

20

0
(t)

-18.00

-20
-40

-42.36
-54.69

-60
-80

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

0
-5

-10

-12.466

-15
(t.m)

-20
-25
-30
-35
-40

-35.121

-37.764
dist.(m)

Lsplice >= 60 cm

Use 4 20 mm

Use 14 mm @ 16 cm(B)

Use 8 20 mm(B)

79.5 cm

. :

a Ultimate-Strength Design Method

Load

C1

C2

service Dead Load (t) =

63.4

66.3

No

width

long

service live Load (t) =

40

40

Unfactored Load (t) =

63.4

66.3

C1
C2

40

40

Columns Cross Section (cm)

Factored Load (t)

95.1

99.45

X1

X2

C1

L1 = 1.332

C2

2.20
4.91

L2 = 1.382
m

39.6 t/m

nforcement

Top longitudinal reinf.

Under C2

0.00403

Mu
As

t.m

cm2
12.7

0.00

Use 5 20 mm

As
cm2

No Top reinforcement
#VALUE!

ion (bottom side)

20 14mm or

Use 14 mm @ 16 cm(B)

ction (top side)


do not need shrinkage rein.

Use 4 20

Design Drawings

OK
Lsplice >= 60 cm

S.F.D

44.76
20.41
0.00
3

-54.69

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

0
3

66

-37.764
dist.(m)

50 cm

Use 4 20

79.5 cm

4.91 cm

cm
2.20

Use 5 20 mm

No Top reinforcement

cm

50
2.20

L2 = 1.382

No=
S.f
x

1.332

52.74

1.332

-42.36

1.947

-18.00

2.917

20.41

3.532

44.76

3.532

-54.69

4.91

0.00

moment
x

1.332

-35.121

2.402

-12.466

3.532

-37.764

4.913

sturipp
x

2.256439

0.2

2.656439
x
2.256439
2.656439

0.2
y
0.40
0.4

2.256439

0.60

2.656439

0.6

x
2.256439
2.656439

y
0.80
0.8

column reinf
x

2.256439
2.256439

0.000
0.5964

x
2.656439
2.656439

y
0
0.5964

bar in each side


no
s
x

bar in each side

1
2
3

1.261439
y
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115

no
1
s
1.261439
x
y
1 4.797879
0.115
2 4.797879
0.115

0.115

0.115

3 4.797879

0.115

0.115

0.115

4 4.797879

0.115

5 4.797879

0.115

centraal band
Reinf in short dir
no =

bar
x
y
1 1.471439
2
#REF!

0.115
0.115

3
#REF!
4 1.471439
5 1.471439

0.115
0.115
0.115

6 1.471439

0.115

7 1.471439

0.115

8
9
10
11
12

1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439

0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439
1.471439

0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115
0.115

21 1.471439
22 1.471439
23 1.471439

0.115
0.115
0.115

24 1.471439

0.115

25 1.471439

0.115

26 1.471439

0.115

27 1.471439
28 1.471439
29 1.471439

0.115
0.115
0.115

. :

Desgin of Combined Footing with restricion from one side Using Tha
Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

service Dead Load (t) =


service live Load (t) =

Input data

Unit

Unfactored Load (t) =

450
5600
25.0

kg/cm
kg/cm3
t/m2

2.5

t.m3
t.m3

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation
Dis. center to center col. =

1.6
5.0
20.0
1.25
7.00

Assuming Depth of Footing =

80

cm

d=

74.00

cm

P allow =

22.280

t/m2

X1 =

3.50

cm

X2 =

3.500
Used
Width
(m)
2.5

cm
Used
Area
(m2)
22.50

Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Allowable Soil Pressure
Concrete Unit Weight c
Soil Unit Weight

Area
(m2)
50.180

Used
length
(m)
9

Req.
width
(m)
5.58

Calculate L1 & L2
L1
1.00

cm
mm
m
m

530.37
582.15

ultimate
pressure
t/m2
62.044

(OK)
acceptable footing type

L2
1.00

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

Factored Load (t)

O.K

For C1

Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

574.93
733.21
Note:

For C2

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


Short Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

350.55
176.80
Note:

Increase thick.
must be Vc >Vu

Design for Flexural


Bottom longitudinal reinf.

Mu
t.m

Tranverse reinforcement

Under C1

As
cm2

77.56
0.001800
Use 20mm Every

Mu

36.0
47.2

t.m
153.91

Use 12 20 mm (B)

Under C2
As

Mu

cm
43.14

t.m
153.91

0.00254

Use 14 20 mm

Use 14 20 mm

12

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (bottom side)


Dia. used for shrinkage(mm) =

14

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (top side)


Check for bearing strength
C1

C2

Pn

Pu

Pn

Pu

Pn >=Pu

2142

698

1071

698

OK

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

40 cm2 for each column

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 20mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =
Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =
Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1
1
0.8
1
6.00
0

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

47.81
45

cm
cm

Not OK(Decrease Dia

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

79.52

cm

Lsplice >= 80

S.F.D
800
600
400
200
(t)

155.11
0

0
0

-200

-273.00

-400

-542.89

-600

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

1000

872.50

800

(t.m)

600
400
200

0
0
-200

-77.556

5
dist.(m)

Lsplice >= 80 cm

Use 14 20 mm

Use 12 20 mm (B)

236 cm

. :

m one side Using Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method

Load

C1

C2

service Dead Load (t) =

452

452

No

width

long

service live Load (t) =

107

107

40

200

Unfactored Load (t) =

559

559

C1
C2

40

100

Columns Cross Section (cm)

Factored Load (t)

g type

698
X1

698
X2

C2

1.25 m

C1

1.00 m

7m

L2 = 1 m
9.00 m

155.112 t/m

nforcement

Top longitudinal reinf.

Under C2

0.00351

Mu
As
cm2
43.46

Use 14 20 mm

As

t.m

cm2

872.50
0.0059
Use 20mm Every

244.1
5.0

Use 78 20 mm (T)
78

on (bottom side)

47 14mm or

Use 14 mm @9cm (B)

ction (top side)


85 14 mm or

Use 14 mm@10cm (T)

Use 14 20

Design Drawings

Not OK(Decrease Diamete of bar


Lsplice >= 80 cm

S.F.D

542.89
350.55

37.23
0.00
5

-155.11

10

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

872.50

5
dist.(m)

Use 14 20

-77.556

0.0
9

10

m
172 cm

9.00 cm
2.50

cm

Use 14 mm@10cm (T)

Use 14 20 mm

Use 14 mm @9cm (B)

Use 78 20 mm (T)

80 cm

2.50

L2 = 1 m

80
cm

ign Drawings

S.f
x
0
1.000
1.000
2.740
6.760
8.000
8.000
9.24
9.00

y
0
155.11
-542.89
-273.00
350.55
542.89
-155.11
37.23
0.00

moment
x
0
1.000
4.500
8.000
9.000

y
0
-77.556
872.50
-77.556
0.0

. :
Desgin of Trapezoidal Combined Footing with restriction from each
Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention
Dimention That will be used

service Dead Load (t) =


service live Load (t) =

Input data

Unit

Unfactored Load (t) =

250
4200
25.0

kg/cm
kg/cm3
t/m2

2.5

t.m3
t.m3

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation
Dis. center to center col. =

1.6
5.0
18.0
1.25
7.80

Assuming Depth of Footing =

115

cm

d=

109.10

cm

P allow =

21.965

t/m2

X1 =

3.90

cm

X2 =

cm
Req.
B1

Used
B1

(m)
9.51

(m)
8.2

Concrete Strength =
Steel Yeild Strength =
Allowable Soil Pressure
Concrete Unit Weight c
Soil Unit Weight

Area

Req.
length

Req.
B2

3.900
Used
B2

(m2)
49.533

(m)
8.8

(m)
5.63

(m)
1.75

cm
mm
m
m

Calculate L1 & L2
L1
0.50

L2
0.50

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

621.84
640.94

O.K

Factored Load (t)

For C1

Used
Area
(m2)
43.78

Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

621.84
640.94
Note:

For C2

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


at 159.1 cm from the right side of center of C1
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

201.48
518.14
Note:

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


at 159.1 cm from the left side of center of C2
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

527.98
255.10
Note:

Increase thick.
must be Vc >Vu

Design for Flexural


Bottom longitudinal reinf.

Mu

Tranverse reinforcement

Under C1

As

t.m

cm

Mu

42.9

t.m
589.97

1329.13
0.003734
25mm @
25mm @
D (mm) =

25

Under C2
As

Mu

cm
160.69

t.m
132.95

0.00975

33 25 mm

7 cm (bottom)
10

Dia. (mm) =

9 25 mm
25

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (bottom side)


Dia. used for shrinkage(mm) =

20

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (top side)


Check for bearing strength
C1

Dia. Used
(mm)

C2

14

Pn

Pu

Pn

Pu

Pn >=Pu

595

695

595

695

Not OK

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

20 cm2 for each column

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 18mm )

Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =


Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =
Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =
Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1
1

0.8
1

2.50
0

Top longitudinal reinforcement 32

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

96.22
305

cm
cm

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

75.17
45

cm
cm

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

41.75

cm

Bottom longitudinal reinforcement 25

Not OK(Hook bars

Lsplice >=

gu(x)

Shear and Moment Diagram

260.350 t/m

S.F.D

800
600

52

400

(t)

200

0
-200
-400

127.27
1

-201.48

800
600

52

400

(t)

200

-200

127.27

0
0

-201.48

-400

-567.73

-600
-800

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

1000

671.56

500

(t.m)

0
0

-32.06
1

-500
-1000

-1500

dist.(m)

Use 14 14

Lsplice >= 42 cm

33 25 mm

25mm @ 7 cm (bottom)

32mm @

8.20 m

Top reinforcement

Bottom reinforcement

33 25 mm
154.55 cm

8.80

triction from each side Using Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method

Load

C1

C2

service Dead Load (t) =

439

439

No

width

long

service live Load (t) =

105

105

40

100

Unfactored Load (t) =

544

544

C1
C2

40

100

Columns Cross Section (cm)

Factored Load (t)

695
X1

X2

1.25 m

C1

7.8 m

0.50 m

B1 = 8.2 m

ultimate
pressure
t/m2
31.750

.c.g

X' = 4.4
8.80 m

nforcement

Top longitudinal reinf.

Under C2

0.00180

As

t.m

cm2
42.91

671.56

9 25 mm
Dia. (mm) =

Mu

As
cm2

0.0026
166.8
32mm @ 25

21 32 mm (T)
25

Dia. (mm) =

32

on (bottom side)

21

35 20mm or

Use 20 mm @ 12 cm (B)

ction (top side)


58 20 mm or

Use 20 mm@14cm (T)

Use 14 14

OK

Not OK(Hook bars at their end to provide additional anchorage lngth

Lsplice >= 42 cm

agram

55.57 t/m

664.35

527.98

-30.650.0
9

10

664.35

527.98

-30.650.0

10

S.f
x
0
0.500

Dist.(m)

0.500
2.091
6.709
8.300

8.300
8.80

moment

0
5

x
10

0
0.500
3.10
8.30
8.800

-1329.13
dist.(m)

Use 14 14

115 cm

Use 20 mm@14cm (T)

9 25 mm

Use 20 mm @ 12 cm (B)

Cross seection A-A

32mm @ 26 cm (top)

1.75 m

25mm @ 7 cm (bottom)

9 25 mm

cm

154.55 cm

8.80 cm

B2 = 1.75 m

115 cm

695

C2

0.50

Design Drawings

gmax

gmin

length

260.350

55.57

8.8

127.27

260.350

55.57

8.8

-567.73

260.350

55.57

8.8

-201.48

260.350

55.57

8.8

527.98

260.350

55.57

8.8

664.35

260.350

55.57

8.8

-30.65

260.350

55.57

8.8

0.0

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

-32.06

260.350

55.57

8.8

671.56

260.350

55.57

8.8

-1329.13

260.350

55.57

8.8

260.350

55.57

8.8

. :

Desgin of strip Footing ( 3 columns) Using Tha Ultimate-Stren


Variables
required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention & assume dia. Of bar will be used

Load

Dimention That will be used

service Dead Load (t) =

Unit

service live Load (t) =

250

kg/cm

Steel Yeild Strength =

4200

kg/cm

Allowable Soil Pressure

25.0

t.m2

2.5

t.m

1.6

t.m3

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation
Dis. center to center C1 & C2=

5.0
20.0
1.25

cm
mm
m

5.40

Dis. center to center C2 & C3=

6.00

Assuming Depth of Footing =

95

cm

d=

89.00

cm

P allow =

22.145

t/m2

Assumed Width

4.1

cm

Concrete Strength

Concrete Unit Weight


Soil Unit Weight

Unfactored Load (t) =

Factored Load (t)

1.25 m

Input data

Area

Used
Width

Req.
length

Used
Length

Used
Area

ultimate
pressure

(m2)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m2)

t/m2

58.704

4.1

14.32

14.32

58.70

27.289

Calculate L1 & L2
X'

L1

L2

7.03

0.13

2.79

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

632.52
768.35
Note:

for C2
O.K

must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

267.87
259.92
Note:

Increase thick.
must be Vc >Vu

Design for Flexural


Bottom longitudinal reinf.

Mu

Tranverse reinforcement

Under C1

As

t.m

cm

Mu

565.30
0.004828
176.2
Use 20mm Every 5.0

t.m
93.33

57 20 mm(B)
Dia. used (mm) =

Under C2
As

Mu

cm
29.1

t.m
267.03

0.00263

15 16 mm
20

43 16 mm
16

57

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (bottom side)


Dia. used for shrinkage(mm) =

16

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (top side)


Check for bearing strength
C1

C2

Dia. Used
for dowel
16

Pn

Pu

Pn

Pu

Pn >=Pu

178.5

212

572.6875

695

Not OK

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

19.25 cm2 for each column

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 20mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =

1.3
1
0.8

Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =


Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1
6.00
0

for Top longitudinal reinforcement


62.54
194.48

cm
cm

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

62.54
5.89

cm
cm

Not OK(Hook bars at the

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

59.64

cm

Lsplice >= 6

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

for bottom longitudinal reinforcement

S.F.D

500

406.61

400
300

267.87

200

171.46

(t)

100

014.42

0
0

-200

-75.62

-100

10

-149.65

-197.58
-288.39

-300
-400

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

400
200

173.525
0-0.929

0
(t.m)

-200
-400
-600

-565.300

-800
-1000

dist.(m)

-194

10

-400

-565.300

-600
-800
-1000

dist.(m)

Lsplice >= 60 cm

57 20 mm(B)

15 16 mm

16 mm @ 11 cm (B)

(t.m)

-194

-200

127 cm

:
Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method

Columns Cross Section (cm)

Load

C1

C2

C3

No

width

long

service Dead Load (t) =

170

439

439

30

40

service live Load (t) =

42

105

105

55

70

Unfactored Load (t) =

212

544

544

C1
C2
C3

40

200

Factored Load (t)

212

695
R

X'

C1

L1 = 0.13

C2

5.40

6.00
14.32m

111.887 t/m

Tranverse reinforcement

Top longitudinal reinf.

Under C2

0.00633

Under C3
As

Mu

cm2
86.5

t.m
290.08

43 16 mm

Mu
As

0.00366

cm2
158.1

on (bottom side)

As

t.m

cm2

173.53
0.0018
Use 20mm Every

43 16 mm
16

70.1
15.9

23 20 mm (T)
16

23

20

98 16mm or

16 mm @ 11 cm (B)

ction (top side)


122 16 mm or

16 mm @ 11 cm (T)

Use 10 16

Design Drawings

OK

Not OK(Hook bars at their end to provide additional anchorage lngth


Lsplice >= 60 cm

S.F.D

382.93

171.46
0.0
8

10

12

14

16

9.65
-312.07
Dist.(m)

B.M.D

173.5
173.5

0
8

-194

10

12

14

16

173.5

173.5

173.5

173.5
173.5
173.5
173.5

-848.91
dist.(m)

-194

-848.91
dist.(m)

157 cm

14.32 cm

287 cm

16 mm @ 11 cm (T)

43 16 mm

Use 10 16

43 16 mm

Use 10 16

695

95

cm

C3

4.10 m

L2 = 2.79

S.f
x

0.13

14.42

0.13

-197.58

1.219

-75.62

4.289

267.87

5.53

406.61

5.53

-288.39

6.77

-149.65

9.64

171.46

11.53

382.93

11.53
14.32

No=

-312.07
0.0

moment
x

173.5

173.5

0.13

-0.929

173.5

1.895

173.525

173.5

5.529

-565.300

173.5

8.11

-194

173.5

11.53

-848.91

173.5

14.32

1.894773 1.894773
0

4.10

cm

95

cm

23 20 mm (T)

sturipp
x

#VALUE!

0.2

#VALUE!
x

0.2
y

#VALUE!

0.40

#VALUE!

0.4

#VALUE!

0.60

#VALUE!

0.6

#VALUE!

0.80

#VALUE!

0.8

column reinf
x

#VALUE!

0.000

#VALUE!

0.5964

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

0.5964

bar in each side


no

#VALUE!

bar in each side

s
x

#VALUE!

no
s

y
0.09

0.09

2 #VALUE!

0.09

1 #VALUE!

0.09

3 #VALUE!

0.09

2 #VALUE!

0.09

4 #VALUE!

0.09

3 #VALUE!

0.09

5 #VALUE!

0.09

4 #VALUE!

0.09

5 #VALUE!

0.09

centraal band
Reinf in short dir
no =

#VALUE!

bar
x

1 5.199024
2 #VALUE!

0.09
0.09

3 #VALUE!

0.09

4 #VALUE!

0.09

5 #VALUE!

0.09

6 #VALUE!

0.09

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
y

7 #VALUE!

0.09

8
9
10
11
12

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09

21 #VALUE!
22 #VALUE!
23 #VALUE!

0.09
0.09
0.09

24 #VALUE!

0.09

25 #VALUE!

0.09

26 #VALUE!

0.09

27 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE!
29 #VALUE!

0.09
0.09
0.09

. :

Desgin of strip Footing (4 columns) Using Tha Ultimate-Stren


Variables

Load

required dimenstion"
Assume Dimention & assume dia. Of bar will be used

service Dead Load (t) =

Dimention That will be used

service live Load (t) =


Unfactored Load (t) =

Unit
=

300

kg/cm2

Steel Yeild Strength =

4200

kg/cm3

Allowable Soil Pressure

25.0

t.m2

2.5

t.m

1.6

t.m3

Concrete Cover =
Diameter of Steel Used =
Depth of Excavation
Dis. center to center C1 & C2=

5.0
20.0
1.25

cm
mm
m

4.30

Dis. center to center C2 & C3=

4.10

Dis. center to center C2 & C4=

2.00

Assuming Depth of Footing =

90

cm

d=

84.00

cm

P allow =

22.190

t/m2

Assumed Width

cm

Used
Length
(m)
16.76

Used
Area
(m2)
83.78

Concrete Strength

Concrete Unit Weight


Soil Unit Weight

Area
(m2)
83.776

Used
Width
(m)
5

Req.
length
(m)
16.76

Calculate L1 & L2
X'

L1

L2

Factored Load (t)

1.25 m

Input data

ultimate
pressure
t/m2
28.361

X'

L1

L2

4.90

3.475

2.880

Check Punching Shear


Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

649.29
807.51
Note:

for C1
O.K

must be Vc >Vu

Check Beam shear


Short Direction
Vu (t) =
Vc (t) =

310.83
327.72
Note:

O.K
must be Vc >Vu

Design for Flexural


Bottom longitudinal reinf.

Top longitudinal reinf.

Mu
As

t.m
cm2
1216.18 0.009914
416.4
Use 18mm Every 1.2

Mu
t.m
0.00

164 18 mm(B)
Dia. used (mm) =

As
cm2

No Top reinforcement
#VALUE!

18
165

18

Tranverse reinforcement
Under C1
Mu

t.m
285.60

0.01002

Under C2
As

Mu

cm2
100.3

t.m
367.66

40 18 mm

0.00853

Under C3
As

Mu

cm2
127.4

t.m
344.07

51 18 mm
18

51 18 mm
18

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (bottom side)


Dia. used for shrinkage(mm) =

14

Shrinkage reinforcement in the short direction (top side)


Check for bearing strength
C1

Pn

C2

Pu

Pn

Dia. Used
for dowel
14

Pu

Pn >=Pu

714

714

714

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

OK

695

Use minimum
dowel reinf =

20 cm2 for each column

Check for anchorage of the reinforcement


Bottom reinforcement ( 20mm )
Reinforcement Location Factor ( ) =
Coating Factor ( ) =
Reinforcement Size Factor ( ) =
Lightweight aggregate concrate Factor ( ) =
Cover Dimention (cm) ( C ) =
Transverse Reinforcement index (Ktr ) =

1.3
1
0.8
1
6.00
0

for Top longitudinal reinforcement


51.39
5.00

cm
cm

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

51.39
281.01

cm
cm

Column reinforcement Splices Lsp =

59.64

cm

Required development lengh Ld =


Avaliable Length =

Not OK(Hook bars at the

for bottom longitudinal reinforcement

Lsplice >= 6

S.F.D
600

492.81
388.57

400

27

198.55

200
(t)

106.23
0

0
0

-200

-73.71

-221.19

10

12

-116.41

-306.43

-400

-4

-600
Dist.(m)

B.M.D

0
0
-200
-400

10

12

B.M.D

0
0

10

12

-200

-600
-800

-683.80
-856.309

-885.10

-1000
-1200

-1216.178

-1400

dist.(m)

Lsplice >= 60 cm

164 18 mm(B)

40 18 mm

14 mm @ 9 cm (B)

(t.m)

-400

122 cm

-1151.71


Tha Ultimate-Strength Design Method

Load

C1

C2

C3

C4

service Dead Load (t) =

452

439

439

170

service live Load (t) =

107

105

105

42

Unfactored Load (t) =

559

544

544

212

Factored Load (t)

714

695
R

X'

C1

L1 = 3.476

695

C2

4.30

C3

4.10
16.76 m

141.806 t/m

nforcement
Under C3

0.00401

Under C4
As

Mu

cm2
50.0

t.m
150.21

51 18 mm

on (bottom side)

As

0.00505

cm2
50.5

20 18 mm
18

18

145 14mm or

14 mm @ 9 cm (B)

ction (top side)


do not need shrinkage rein.

Use 14 14

Design Drawings

Not OK(Hook bars at their end to provide additional anchorage lngth

OK
Lsplice >= 60 cm

S.F.D

8.57
274.98
106.23
0
10

12

-116.41

14

-136.41

16

18

-283.89
-310.8
-408.41
-420.02

06.43

Dist.(m)

B.M.D

0
10

12

14

16

18

20

B.M.D

0
10

12

14

16

18

20

0.0
0.0

-464.05
-529.66

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

-885.10

0.0
0.0

6.178

0.0

-1151.71

dist.(m)

182 cm

51 18 mm

Use 14 14

51 18 mm

Use 14 14

152 cm

16.76 cm

Columns Cross Section (cm)


No

width

long

C1

100

40

C2
C3
C4

40

100

55

70

30

40

272

90

cm

C3

L2 = 2.881

2.00

5.00 m

S.f
x

3.475

492.81

3.48

-221.19

4.515

-73.71

6.435

198.55

7.78

388.57

7.78

-306.43

9.12

-116.41

10.69

106.23

11.88

274.98

11.88

-420.02

12.65

-310.8

12.84

-283.89

13.88

-136.41

13.88

-408.41

16.76

moment

No=

0.0

0.0

3.48

-856.309

0.0

5.035

-683.80

0.000

0.0

7.775

-1216.178

0.0

9.94

-885.10

0.000

0.0

11.88

-1151.71

0.0

14.84

-529.66

0.0

15.80

-464.05

0.0

18.68

18.6792

18.6792

Use 14 14

122 cm

cm
5.00

20 18 mm

90

cm

No Top reinforcement

sturipp
x

8.177648

0.2

8.577648

0.2

8.177648

0.40

8.577648

0.4

8.177648

0.60

8.577648

0.6

8.177648

0.80

8.577648

0.8

column reinf
x

8.177648

0.000

8.177648

0.5964

x
8.577648
8.577648

y
0
0.5964

bar in each side


no

bar in each side

0.645294

no

0.645294

0.09

0.09

2 0.735294

0.09

16.6653

0.09

3 1.380588

0.09

16.02

0.09

4 2.025883

0.09

3 15.37471

0.09

5 2.671177

0.09

4 14.72941

0.09

5 14.08412

0.09

centraal band
Reinf in short dir
no =

14

bar
x

1 5.967648

0.09

#REF!

0.09

3
4
5

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.09
0.09
0.09

#REF!

0.09

#REF!

0.09

8
9
10
11
12

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
5.967648
5.967648
5.967648
5.967648
5.967648

0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09

21 5.967648
22 5.967648

0.09
0.09

23 5.967648

0.09

24 5.967648

0.09

25 5.967648
26 5.967648

0.09
0.09

27 5.967648
28 5.967648
29 5.967648

0.09
0.09
0.09