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Local Disaster Management Plan

Cairns Region

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Local Disaster Management Plan - Cairns Region

Foreword from Chair of LDMG-CR


Cairns Regional Council has an active Disaster Management philosophy which embraces mitigation, prevention, preparedness, response and recovery strategies. The Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region aims to provide the community with the tools to ensure a full and effective response, recovery and speedy return to a safe and secure environment for all residents as soon after a disaster as possible. This document provides an overview of the disaster management system in Queensland, and particularly in the Cairns Region, and is maintained by the Local Disaster Management Group. In recent times, there has been significant activity in the Queensland disaster management context, and as a result, a number of important issues, including recommendations for improvements following the Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry have been identified. Those issues are being addressed by the Local Disaster Management Group. The Queensland Government is in the process of developing new Local Disaster Management Guidelines and a new template for the development of Local Disaster Management Plans. The Guidelines and template are interim documents, and are not expected to be ratified at least until the final report of the Queensland Flood Commission of Inquiry. When the new Guidelines and template are ratified, this document will be revisited and reviewed with the intention of attaining compliance with the new requirements.

Cr Val Schier Mayor Cairns Regional Council Chairperson LDMG-CR

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Table of Contents
Authority to Plan................................................................................................................................... 6 Approval of Plan ................................................................................................................................... 7 Amendment Register and Version Control ................................................................................... 8 The Disaster Management System in Queensland ................................................................... 10 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 11 Aim of Plan ....................................................................................................................................... 11 Key Objectives ................................................................................................................................ 13 Local Government Policy for Disaster Management ............................................................ 14 Integration with Councils Corporate, Strategic and Operational Planning Processes ............................................................................................................................................................. 14 Local Disaster Management Group ........................................................................................... 15 Membership Details ....................................................................................................................... 16 Meeting Deputies ............................................................................................................................ 17 Roles and Responsibilities of LDMG-CR Members............................................................... 18 Review and Renew Main and Operational Plans ................................................................... 18 Disaster Risk Management .............................................................................................................. 19 Hazards ............................................................................................................................................. 28 Risk Descriptors ............................................................................................................................. 29 Risk Management Record ............................................................................................................ 31 Prevention ............................................................................................................................................ 33 Building Codes and Building Use Regulations ...................................................................... 33 Legislation........................................................................................................................................ 33 Public Education ............................................................................................................................ 34 Land Use Management Initiatives .............................................................................................. 35 Local Government Counter Terrorism Risk Management Guidelines ............................. 35 Preparedness ...................................................................................................................................... 36 Event Coordination ........................................................................................................................ 36 Warning Systems and Dissemination ....................................................................................... 36 Response Capability ..................................................................................................................... 38 Training and Exercises ................................................................................................................. 38 Response .............................................................................................................................................. 39 Activation ......................................................................................................................................... 39 Accessing Support ........................................................................................................................ 40 Operational Plans ........................................................................................................................... 41 Risk Treatment Arrangements .................................................................................................... 42 Initial Impact Assessment ............................................................................................................ 42
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Recovery ............................................................................................................................................... 43 Recovery Principles....................................................................................................................... 43 Recovery Concepts ....................................................................................................................... 44 Recovery Components ................................................................................................................. 45 Appendices .......................................................................................................................................... 46 Appendix A Operational Plans ................................................................................................ 46 Appendix B Roles and Responsibilities of LDMG-CR Members .................................... 47 Appendix C Distribution List.................................................................................................... 50 Appendix D Definitions.............................................................................................................. 52 Appendix E Abbreviations ......................................................................................................... 60 Appendix F LDMG-CR Contact Directory ............................................................................. 61 Appendix G Resources List ..................................................................................................... 62 Appendix H Roles and Responsibilities ............................................................................... 63

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Authority to Plan
Cairns Regional Council has a legislative responsibility to develop a Disaster Management Plan in accordance with Section 57(1) Disaster Management Act 2003. 57 Plan for disaster management in local government area (1) A local government must prepare a plan (a local disaster management plan) for disaster management in the local governments area. (2) The plan must include provision for the following a) the State groups strategic policy framework for disaster management for the State, and the local governments policies for disaster management; b) the roles and responsibilities of entities involved in disaster operations and disaster management in the area; c) the coordination of disaster operations and activities relating to disaster management performed by the entities mentioned in paragraph (b); d) events that are likely to happen in the area; e) strategies and priorities for disaster management for the area; f) the matters stated in the disaster management guidelines as matters to be included in the plan; g) other matters about disaster management in the area the local government considers appropriate. Requirements of plan In accordance with s. 58A of the Act, local disaster management plan must be consistent with the disaster management guidelines. This document was developed under the current guidelines (2005), and will be updated to comply with the latest iteration of local disaster management planning guidelines when they are ratified in 2012. Changes required by legislation and the State Disaster Management Plan since the last review of this document have been included.

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Approval of Plan
This plan has been produced by and with the authority of Cairns Regional Council pursuant to Section 57 and 58 Disaster Management Act 2003. The Cairns Regional Council accepts its roles and responsibilities as described in the Act. This plan is the result of the co-operative efforts of the Local Disaster Management Group Cairns Region after consultation with those agencies and organisations identified therein. This plan will be reviewed in accordance with Section 59 of the Act. Cairns Regional Council has approved this plan by resolution at the General Meeting of Council (________) in accordance with Section 80(1)(b) of the Act.

Cr Val Schier Mayor Cairns Regional Council Chairperson LDMG-CR

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Amendment Register and Version Control


This document is a controlled document and is not to be altered, amended or changed in any way other than those amendments issued by the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region. From this, the plan is intended to be a live document, open to suggested amendments. Plans will be amended as follows: Proposals for amendment to this plan should be made in writing to: The Local Disaster Coordinator Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region PO Box 359 CAIRNS QLD 4870 With the exception of minor changes, typographical changes and changes to position titles all suggestions for amendments to the plan will be submitted to the LDMG-CR for discussion. If not supported a written response will be provided to the submitter. When necessary amendments to the plan will be ratified by Council.

Version
1 1 2 3

Date
March 2007 2007 December 2008 August 2011

Prepared by
Disaster Management Unit Douglas Shire Council CT Management Group (Qld) C. Fitzgerald DMU

Comments
Cairns Local Disaster Management Plan - first version under the DM Act 2003 Douglas Local Disaster Management Plan first version under the DM Act 2003 Revised Plan to reflect Cairns Regional Council area Revised Plan incorporating Disaster Management Act Amendments 2010 Development of an interim document, addressing (inter alia) changes in local arrangements or conditions since the last review of the document, and prior to a full review of the document in compliance Local Disaster Management Guidelines (expected in mid-2012)

December 2011

RCM Disaster Management Services

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Distribution List
Refer to Appendix C

Definitions
Refer to Appendix D

Abbreviations
Refer to Appendix E

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The Disaster Management System in Queensland

STRUCTURE

The following chart depicts the Disaster Management System in operation at the local level

EVENT
RESPONSE AGENCIES

Yes

Need help?

No

Request Assistance from LDMG

Handle using Agency procedures

Yes

Need help?

No

Request Assistance from DDMG

Provide Support from LDMG resources

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Introduction
Aim of Plan
The aim of this Plan is to minimise the effects of, co-ordinate the response to, and the recovery from, a disaster or major emergency affecting the community of the Cairns Regional Council. Local Government underpins the Queensland Disaster Management System as the key management agency at the local level. The primary focus of the Cairns Regional Disaster Management System is to mitigate the effects of disasters on the community wherever possible or practical, and being prepared to respond when disasters do occur. Plans and management arrangements have been developed with a community focus. The plan shall: Ensure there is a consistent approach to disaster management in the Cairns Region; Create an auditing tool for disaster management functions; Demonstrate a commitment for the safety of our community; Ensure there is a central coordination of disaster management in the Cairns Region; Demonstrate mitigation efforts and accountability for the purpose of eligibility for available funding; Reduce the impact of a disaster; and Reduce community consequences following an event.

Principles of Disaster Management


Queensland has developed five main principles of disaster management which form the basis of the QDMA: The Comprehensive Approach Section 4A of the Act provides that disaster management in Queensland should be planned according to the four phases of this approach - prevention, preparation, response and recovery. The use of the comprehensive approach ensures a balance between the reduction of risk and the enhancement of community resilience. The all Hazards Approach Assumes that the functions and activities applicable to one hazard are most likely applicable to a range of hazards. This approach allows for a general, not specific, approach to the delivery of services. It does not however, affect the need for specific plans and arrangements for identified hazards and risk that require specific technical capability or authority to effect or direct a response.

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The all Agencies Approach This approach recognises that no single agency can prepare for and deal with the disruption to community life and infrastructure that can result from a disaster. Agencies have a responsibility for ensuring an understanding of the QDMA and contribute to the arrangements by giving effect to their legislation, as relevant to an event. It is necessary for a lead or primary agency to coordinate the activities of the large number or organisations and agencies involved as these can be drawn from all levels of government, non government and private sectors. Local Disaster Management Capability Local level capability is recognised as the frontline of disaster management. Section 4A of the Act provides that local governments should primarily be responsible for managing events in their local government area. A Prepared, Resilient Community A high level of community resilience will reduce vulnerability and reliance on response agencies; and results in individuals and the community embracing and assisting those who are unable to provide for themselves.

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Key Objectives
The broad objectives of the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region (LDMG-CR) are to: Detail specific objectives to meet the overall purpose of the plan; and Include specific statements relating to Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Recovery (PPRR). Prevention Increase adherence to and introduction of systems, procedures and regulations that reduce disaster risks. Lists the studies that have been conducted, provide a short summary and identify other studies which need to be conducted; and Ensure the community is aware of methods of mitigating the adverse effects of an event, and preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster in order to reduce the impact. Preparedness Identify and implement risk treatment strategies that have been determined by studies; Increase community safety through public awareness, information and education; Detail how a multi agency, all hazards approach will be used by the LDMG-CR and how some agencies will provide guidance for the group on specific hazards; Identifying resources to maximize response; Establish relationships to increase disaster management capability; and To ensure the community is aware of methods of mitigating the adverse effects of an event, and preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster so as to reduce the impact. Response Ensure there is centralised local co-ordination of disaster management; Try to minimize the impact on the community of a disaster event through good response; Assist with the re-establishment of the community as effectively and efficiently as possible; Detail the strategic manner in which elements of the LDMG-CR shall deal with day to day disaster management business and how information will be passed out on events that impact on the group; and Demonstrate a commitment to the safety of the Cairns Region communities. Recovery Adequately provide immediate post event assistance and advice to the affected community; Ensure the recovery priorities of the community are met; Ensure the community is aware of action that can be taken after the impact to assist with a speedy recovery and return to normality; To reduce the community consequences following an event; Provide advice and/or support to the Cairns Disaster District Recovery Committee and State disaster management and recovery agencies; Ensure a consistent approach to disaster management; and Demonstrate a commitment to the safety of the Cairns Regional communities.
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Local Government Policy for Disaster Management


This plan is consistent with the State Disaster Management Group Strategic Policy Framework which focuses on a comprehensive, all hazards approach with all levels of government working in partnership to reduce the effects of disasters.

Local Government Functions


Section 80 of the Act outlines the functions of the local government: To ensure it has a disaster response capability To approve its local disaster management plan; and To ensure information about an event or a disaster in its area is promptly given to the District Disaster Coordinator (DDC). A disaster response capability for a local government means the ability to provide equipment and a suitable number of persons, using the resources available to the local government, to effectively deal with or help another entity to deal with, an emergency situation or a disaster in the local governments area. Section 4A of the Act provides that District Disaster Management Groups (DDMGs) and the State Disaster Management Group (SDMG) should provide local governments with appropriate resources and support to help the local governments carry out disaster operations.

Integration with Councils Corporate, Strategic and Operational Planning Processes


Disaster Management is an integral part of Councils core business and is an activity identified within the councils new Corporate and Operational Plans.

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Local Disaster Management Group


The functions of a LDMG as outlined in s. 30 of the Disaster Management Act

Function (a) to ensure that disaster management and disaster operations in the area are consistent with the State groups strategic policy framework for disaster management for the State; (b) to develop effective disaster management, and regularly review and assess the disaster management;

Description Ensure local disaster management arrangements are consistent with the eight elements of the SPF.

Local disaster management arrangements are to be developed consistent with the Act, the SPF, the SDMP and any guidelines. Local arrangements should be tested annually by exercise or operational activity Development of disaster plan and sub-plans for the local government area that mitigates against the identified risks outlines roles and responsibilities of agencies and includes a comprehensive, all-hazards, all agencies and prepared communities approach. Support services identified and communicated to the DDMG to inform district level planning.

(c) to help the local government for its area to prepare a local disaster management plan;

(d) to identify, and provide advice to the relevant district group about, support services required by the local group to facilitate disaster management and disaster operations in the area; (e) to ensure the community is aware of ways of mitigating the adverse effects of an event, and preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster;

Ensure community education and awareness programs include local hazards and their potential impact; local arrangements; mitigation strategies; and promote selfreliance and build resilience. Ensure disaster operations are managed in accordance with the SPF, the SDMP and any guidelines. LDMG representation on the DDMG will provide avenue for regular communication, reporting and recommendations. Identify those resources that will be required and are accessible within the local area. A gap analysis and contingencies are implemented to ensure the shortfall can be accessed from outside the local area, by request to the disaster district. Establish, test and maintain communications systems, including redundancy systems, to ensure communication can be maintained during a disaster event. Establish and maintain clear information reporting arrangements with the DDMG for use during disaster operations. Performance of other functions as delegated within the Act. Performance of other functions which are required to be undertaken in support of the listed function.

(f) to manage disaster operations in the area under policies and procedures decided by the State group; (g) to provide reports and make recommendations to the relevant district group about matters relating to disaster operations;

(h) to identify, and coordinate the use of, resources that may be used for disaster operations in the area;

(i) to establish and review communications systems in the group, and with the relevant district group and other local groups in the disaster district of the relevant district group, for use when a disaster happens; (j) to ensure information about a disaster in the area is promptly given to the relevant district group;

(k) to perform other functions given to the group under this Act;

(l) to perform a function incidental to a function mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (k).

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The Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region has been established in accordance with Section 29 Disaster Management Act 2003 which states: s 29 Establishment A local government must establish a Local Disaster Management Group (local group) for the local governments area. The functions of the Group are set out in Section 30 Disaster Management Act 2003.

Membership Details
The Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region consists of the following positions and the relevant persons are appointed in accordance with Section 33- 37 of the Disaster Management Act 2003. The membership of the Group is to be reviewed annually. CHAIRPERSON DEPUTY CHAIR LDC Mayor, Cairns Regional Council Delegated Councillor Officer appointed under the Disaster Management Act 2003 with the delegated authority of the CEO of Cairns Regional Council.

(The executive members of the LDMG the Chair, Deputy Chair and Local Disaster Coordinator are appointed by Council, and it is a requirement of s. 35(3) of the Act that the Local Disaster Coordinator be appointed in writing.)

CORE MEMBERS

Regional Manager Douglas Cairns Regional Council SES Local Controller Manager of Sports Recreation & Community Development / Community Support Coordinator Cairns Regional Council Manager of Marketing and Communications Cairns Regional Council Principal Environmental Health Officer Cairns Regional Council Disaster Management Officer Cairns Regional Council Area Director Emergency Management Queensland Manager Cairns Works Cairns Regional Council Manager Operations Water & Waste Cairns Regional Council Executive Engineer Mossman Cairns Regional Council

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Supervising Inspector Cairns Queensland Police Service Manager Community Safety Operations Queensland Fire and Rescue Officer in Charge Cairns Station Queensland Ambulance Service Executive Director Corporate Services Cairns Base Hospital Area Operations Manager Ergon Energy Fire Station Manager Air Services Australia Security and Emergency Services Coordinator Cairns Airport Security and Emergency Manager Ports North (Seaport) Observers, Advisors and guests may attend the meeting and participate in discussions but do not form part of the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region or have voting rights.

Meeting Deputies
S. 40A of the Act provides for Meeting deputies for particular members (1) A member of a disaster management group may, with the approval of the chairperson of the group, appoint by signed notice another person as his or her deputy. (2) The deputy may attend a group meeting in the members absence and exercise the members functions and powers under this Act at the meeting. (3) A deputy attending a group meeting is to be counted in deciding if there is a quorum for the meeting. Refer to Appendix F for contact details. The State Disaster Management Group and the District Disaster Management Group (DDMG) are to be advised annually of membership of the Group under the requirements of Section 37 Disaster Management Act 2003.

Frequency of Meetings
The LDMG-CR meets bi-monthly except for the cyclone season when the group meets monthly from November to April.

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Reporting Requirements
The LDMG-CR shall report its activities to: Cairns Regional Council in an annual report prepared by the Executive Officer. The annual report shall be in accordance with the requirements of the Disaster Management Act 2003. Copies of the report shall be forwarded to the Regional Director EMQ; Council in the form of meeting minutes DDMG and Regional Director EMQ Prior to each meeting of the DDMG a Disaster Management Status Report as set out in Queensland Disaster Management Guidelines 2005 - Disaster Management Status Report template shall be submitted to the Regional Director EMQ. Operational Reporting shall be as required during an event and be in accordance with A.2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre Operational Plan-Cairns Region.

Roles and Responsibilities of LDMG-CR Members


Refer to Appendix B for the membership list and the Roles and Responsibilities for members.

Review and Renew Main and Operational Plans


A review of the plans in accordance with Section 59 Disaster Management Act 2003 is to be conducted by the LDC of the LDMG-CR subsequent to: The performance of the Plan following an activation; Exercises designed to practice or test aspects of the plans; Alterations to the roles or responsibilities of any agency involved in the plans; Operational procedures that have been changed; External disasters or introduction of new technology which suggest a review should be carried out; The officer responsible for overseeing a task has resigned from that position; The Plan will be reviewed at least once annually, if other review methods as mentioned above are not undertaken; and Minor changes such as typographical changes and changes to position titles may be made to the plan from time to time. As addressed earlier, this document was originally developed under previous planning guidelines. This review of the document is a provisional measure until the Local Disaster Management Interim Guidelines have been ratified. When these interim guidelines are ratified (anticipated to be in early 2012), the entire Local Disaster Management Plan will be reviewed to ensure compliance with the new Guidelines.

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Disaster Risk Management


Geography
The Cairns Region is located in Far North Queensland, approximately 1,700 kilometres north of Brisbane. The Cairns Region is bounded by the Cook Shire and the Wujal Wujal Aboriginal Shire in the north, the Coral Sea and the Yarrabah Aboriginal Shire in the east, the Cassowary Coast Region in the south, and the Tablelands Region in the west. The Cairns Region includes significant areas of national park, state forest, rural areas and growing urban areas. The Region encompasses a total land area of over 4,100 square kilometres. The main urban centre is Cairns, with smaller urban areas in Babinda, Gordonvale, Cooya Beach, Mossman, Newell, Port Douglas and Wonga. Urban areas include residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, entertainment and tourist land uses. Rural land is used predominantly for sugar cane farming. The Cairns urban area comprises a corridor of coastal flood plains bounded on the west by mountain ranges which mark the eastern edge of the Atherton Tablelands. The Barron and Russell/Mulgrave Rivers traverse these plains and have regularly flooded river deltas, isolating Cairns. A network of small creeks flow into Trinity Inlet which acts as the harbour for the city. These small creeks can flood and together with a high tide could cause flooding within the city. The main arterial roads within the Region are the Captain Cook Highway to the north, and the Bruce Highway to the south. The Bruce Highway and the railway line to the south, traverse the flood plain of the Russell/Mulgrave Rivers. Flooding can quickly isolate various communities. Other access roads to the Atherton Tablelands to the west and Port Douglas, Mossman and Cooktown to the north are prone to flooding, and can also be prone to landslides. The natural vegetation of the area consists mainly of eucalypt and woodland tropical rainforests. Extensive areas of this rainforest type exist along the ranges and are incorporated, under World Heritage listing, into the Wet Tropics Management Area with more than 80% of Far Northern Cairns subject to World Heritage listings, National Parks and/ or forestry reserves. Rainforest grades to various forms of eucalypt dominated forest or woodland and grassland are exposed to frequent burning. Most of the valley and coastal plain areas not occupied by urban development are under sugar cane cultivation or are covered by mangrove communities. The main drainage features are: The Barron River which rises on the Atherton Tableland and enters the coastal plain through the Barron Gorge; Freshwater Creek which joins the Barron River below the Gorge and drains the Lamb and Whitfield Ranges. Freshwater Creek is dammed at Copperlode Falls to create Lake Morris the main storage for Cairns water supply; and The network of small creeks which flow into Trinity Inlet. This system represents the original delta of the Mulgrave River. The Mowbray, Mossman, Daintree and Bloomfield Rivers in the northern area of the Region. The Bloomfield River is the most northern geographic boundary for the Cairns Regional Council, with the Great Dividing Range forming the western boundary.
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Figure 2.1.1: Map of Cairns Regional Council and Environs

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Human Settlement The main population centre for the Cairns Regional Council is based around Cairns itself. In the Cairns environs, the northern beaches contain pockets of significant development with smaller towns to the south of Cairns along the main arterial road with a number of smaller townships in between. Port Douglas and Mossman are the main centres of population in the northern areas of the Region, along with a number of smaller population centres. Double Island, Green Island, Fitzroy Island and Low Isles have some permanent staff on the islands and at the respective resorts, but temporary residents and day visitors can easily exceed 500. Port Douglas is an area internationally recognised with increases in population during tourism seasons of more than 20,000 people per night. The whole of the Cairns Region acts as a major tourist destination throughout the year. The peak tourist season for the Region is during the months of July and August with population increases of approximately 27,000 visitors per night. Cairns has a significant Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander community with populations concentrated in the Mossman, Bloomfield and Degarra areas.

Population At the time of the 2006 Census figures, 165,015 persons were counted in the Cairns Regional Local Government area. This figure includes overseas and domestic visitors to the region and excludes those that usually live in Cairns but were away visiting other areas. The estimated residential population from the census was 147,118 as of October, 2009 which includes both the Cairns and Far Northern areas. This increase represents a growth rate of 3.2% in 2009, representing the fourth fastest growth rate within Queensland.

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Climate and Weather


Cairns Regional Council lies on the coast of Queensland at approximately 17 south latitude and has a moist tropical climate. Rainfall is seasonal, with the heaviest rain occurring during the summer months. Extreme rainfall events are associated with tropical cyclones. Cairns comes under the influence of tropical cyclones on average at least once every two years. Temperatures rarely exceed 35 C or go below 15C for extended periods. The tropical climate of the Cairns Region is characterised by: relatively high temperatures with only small variations between daily maximum and minimum temperatures; relatively small, yet discernible, variations in seasonal temperatures; relatively high humidity with generally little variation between morning and afternoon humidity levels; relatively small, yet discernible, variations in seasonal humidity levels; and relatively high rainfall with greater concentrations of rainfall in the summer months (December to April). These climatic characteristics have a number of implications for human activity and development in the Region, including: the marked seasonality of rainfall in the Region, together with more comfortable temperatures during the winter months, have given rise to a quite marked seasonality in tourist visitation; the high number of rain days during the December to April period tend to restrict construction work during this period as it is more cost-effective to operate mainly during the drier months; in conjunction with the steep mountain slopes the high rainfall intensity has greater implications for soil erosion and land slippage; the high rainfall and its intensity also gives rise to greater road damage; and the high rainfall tends to render less effective septic and sullage waste disposal through absorption trenches. Monthly average annual rainfall and temperature figures (Source: Bureau of Meteorology):

Cairns Region Mean Monthly Rainfall


500
35 30 25

Cairns Region Mean Monthly Temperature

Millimetres (mm)

400
Celcius

300 200 100 0 Jan Feb M ar Apr M ay Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

20 15 10 5 0

Mean Max Mean Min

Jan Feb M ar Apr M ay Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

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Community Capacity
The main shopping precincts are located in the Cairns Central Business District, with other significant centres at Smithfield, Earlville, Manunda, Edmonton, Port Douglas and Mossman There are 10 Bowls Clubs, 4 Lifesaving Clubs, 7 Golf Clubs, 3 Yacht Clubs, Cannon Park Racecourse, several Football Clubs and numerous other Sporting Clubs. Council Depots are located at Martyn Street, McNamara Street, Babinda, Gordonvale, Stratford, McCoombe Street, South Mossman and Port Douglas, with smaller depots located at Daintree and Diwan. Cairns Region is served by the Cairns Base Hospital, Cairns Private Hospital, Mossman Hospital, Babinda Hospital and Gordonvale Hospitals. There are other privately operated medical centres throughout the region with some providing a 24 hour service. Cairns Regional Council supports the local State Emergency Service with Groups located at Alexandra Bay, Babinda, Buchan Point, Cairns, Edmonton, Gordonvale, Holloways Beach, Machans Beach, Mossman, Trinity Beach and Yorkeys Knob, with depots at Daintree, Forest Creek, Port Douglas and Wonga. The SES Headquarters is located in McNamara Street, Cairns. Cairns Regional Council Offices and Council Chambers are located at 119-145 Spence Street, Cairns, with a Customer Service Centre located at 64-66 Front Street, Mossman. Police Stations are located at Babinda, Cairns, Cairns Esplanade, Earlville, Trinity Beach, Smithfield, Gordonvale, Edmonton, Mossman and Port Douglas. Broadcast Radio and TV services are provided from studios in the City, Earlville and Parramatta Park, transmitters are located on Mt. Bellenden Ker, near Gordonvale and Trinity East. Dedicated telecommunications networks are also operated by the Australian Defence Force units, Air Services Australia and numerous private sector networks such as fishing and mining. Council also has a dedicated Trunk Mobile Radio (TMR) network, which is the first line of communication for external Council staff and can be utilised as an alternative communication means during an event. TMRs rely on two communication towers, which are located at Yarrabah and Mt Bellenden Ker. Many of the private UHF and VHF networks such as taxis, police, emergency services, council, etc. operate from base stations on Mt Bellenden Ker and/or on prominent features on the coastal escarpment. Cairns Region is not a self sufficient community. It depends on outside sources for its food, energy and material requirements as well as its principal sources of income. Such dependence imposes limits to the community resilience.

Industry
The predominant industry types for the Cairns Region are tourism, sugarcane and service industries which support the tourism and marine industries. Cairns is also the main government and commercial service centre for Far North Queensland, and hosts the regional offices of many State and Commonwealth government departments. Tourism is a significant employment sector for the Region, particularly for the Cairns and Port Douglas areas.

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Public and Other Major Buildings, Spaces, and Events


Public and Other Buildings Throughout the region there are a number of public and other major buildings, including: Cairns Regional Council Administration Building, Spence St; Cairns Regional Art Gallery Centre; Cairns City Library plus seven branch libraries (Mossman, Smithfield, Stratford, Manunda, Earlville, Gordonvale, Babinda); Cairns Convention and Conference Centre; Cairns Reef Casino; Mossman Administration Building, Front Street; Mossman Indoor Sports Centre; Port Douglas Sports Centre; Old Douglas Shire Hall, Mossman; Port Douglas Community Hall; and A number of resorts and accommodation precincts. Major Public Spaces Cairns Esplanade; The Pier Shopping Precinct; Cairns Night Markets; Cairns Mall City Space; and Port Douglas and Mossman Markets. Special Events New Years Eve; Cannon Park special race days; Festival Cairns; Carnivale at Port Douglas; Cairns and Mossman Shows; and Christmas Street Party at Mossman.

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Critical Infrastructure
Cairns International Airport; Cairns Harbour; Bruce Highway to the south; Captain Cook Highway to the north; Kennedy Highway and Gillies Highway to the west; Rail to the south and west; and Cairns Region contains: o 2713 km of road network including 338 km of unsealed roads o 234 road and pedestrian bridges including 16 timber bridges o 311 km of bikeways/footways o 2100 ha. recreational parks and reserves o 442 km of underground drainage o 182 km lined and unlined drains o 23 boat ramps o 3 marinas o 1909 km water supply pipelines o 2442 km sewerage pipelines Douglas Area contains; o Captain Cook Highway; o Mossman - Mt Molloy Road; o Mossman Daintree Road; o Cape Tribulation roads system; o Cape Tribulation Bloomfield Road Airports Cairns International Airport The Cairns International Airport has a 3200 metre main runway capable of handling 737-400, 747-800 and 767 aircraft. The airport has the ability to accommodate light aircraft and rotary wing aircraft. There is a private grass- surface airstrip located at Cow Bay north of the Daintree River, as well as established helicopter landing points at the Sheraton Mirage Resort; Port Douglas, and adjacent to the Captain Cook Highway, 2km north of the Port Douglas Road intersection. Throughout the region there are numerous sporting fields, resorts, school ovals, etc. where rotary wing aircraft can land in emergency situations

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Essential Services
Power Power supply for the Cairns area is managed by Ergon Energy and is sourced through Powerlink from power stations near Rockhampton and Gladstone to the Bulk Supply Station at Caravonica for the Northern Beaches, Hartley Street for the city centre and south, Anderson Street for Cairns city north and Edmonton for the southern area. There are two Powerlink transmission line circuits into Cairns one via a coastal route and the second from the Tablelands. Power supply for the Mossman area is presently supplied via two 66kV feeder lines from the Atherton Tableland to a 66/22kV substation on Cassowary Creek Road adjacent to the soccer fields about 5 kilometres southeast of Mossman. Locally, the Cassowary Creek substation supplies Mossman to Daintree area. There is no reticulated power north of the Alexandra Range in the Cow Bay to Cape Tribulation area and limited power north of the Daintree River. Power Supply For Port Douglas is presently supplied via 2 transmissions lines from the Atherton Tablelands to a 132/22KV substation at Craiglie. Locally the Craiglie substation supplies the Port Douglas south to Hartley's Creek. There are limited (part of Forest Gardens and Port Douglas) reticulated gas supplies for Cairns with the main method of supply for the Region being in bottles.

Telecommunications The telecommunication network has a number of providers, the main provider being Telstra. Mobile telephone communication is generally readily available to most inhabited localities south of the Daintree River to the Regions southern border. Mobile telephone communications in the Wonga locality and north of the Daintree River is generally less reliable, however NextG mobile network and the use of satellite telephones has improved this. Water and Wastewater Water supply for the Cairns Area is drawn from Lake Morris which has a capacity of 45,000 megalitres and also from the Behana Weir. Water is piped to the Freshwater Creek Water Treatment Plant and distributed to consumers by gravity feed from at least 16 reservoirs and water towers throughout the Cairns Area. Reticulation involves over 1,909 km of water mains of various size, material and age. For the northern districts, there are two main water supply service areas. The Mossman Service area contains the major water supply system, serving the townships of Mossman, Port Douglas, Cooya Beach, North Mossman and Newell Beach as well as the rural and rural-residential areas of Cassowary Creek and Mowbray River Valleys. Supply is taken from Rex Creek, a tributary of the Mossman River within the Mossman Gorge section of the Daintree River National Park which in turn is an integral part of the Wet Tropics World Heritage area. The second service area is much smaller and takes its supply from Little Falls Creek in the Whyanbeel Valley. This system serves the townships of Wonga Beach and Miallo as well as development at Rocky Point and along Syndicate, Whyanbeel,

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ODonoghue, Bamboo Creek, Kingston and the Mossman-Daintree Roads between Miallo and Wonga Beach. Water filtration and storage facilities for the Mossman Service Area are located at Mossman on the hill accessed from Coral Sea Drive just to the west of the town. Storage tanks are also provided on Flagstaff Hill, Port Douglas, at ground level at Reef Park, Port Douglas, in a landmark water tower at Newell Beach, on the northern slopes of Mount Beaufort abutting Cooya Beach and at Cassowary and Mowbray. Pumping stations are located adjacent to storage reservoirs at Flagstaff Hill and Reef Park. Filtration and storage facilities for the second service area are located in the Whyanbeel Valley at Little Falls Creek and these are augmented by storage tanks on the hill immediately to the west of Wonga Beach, at Rocky Point on the hill above the Port Douglas Views rural-residential subdivision. There is also a minor reticulated water supply at Daintree Township. Water in this system is drawn from Intake Creek, a tributary of the Daintree River upstream of the township and Stewart Creek. The filtration system and reservoir for this service are located in Daintree Township. Wastewater Treatment Plants are located at Babinda, Gordonvale, Edmonton, Southern, Marlin Coast Port Douglas and Mossman. There are at least twenty eight wastewater pumping stations throughout Region, mainly located in low-lying areas. There are a number of refuse disposal sites located throughout the region; however, in the event of storm damage easy accessible sites will be required for the disposal of green waste.

Hazardous Sites
Bulk fuel and gas storage facilities are concentrated in Portsmith, with secondary (especially operational) storage of specialist products at facilities such as the airport (avgas and jet fuel), HMAS Cairns (bunker and diesel fuel) and some of the larger industrial and transport facilities (mostly diesel); There are major hardware and cooperative warehouses at Portsmith, Bunnings in Cairns CBD and Smithfield, Cairns Hardware in Bungalow, Home Timber and Hardware in Mossman; Marine facilities adjacent to Portsmith; Bulk storage and distribution centres for products such as cement, paint, agricultural chemicals, pharmaceuticals, raw sugar, molasses, timber and hardware, as well as transport and handling equipment are concentrated close to the port and rail-head facilities of Portsmith; Babinda Sugar Mill, Gordonvale Sugar Mill, Mossman Central Sugar Mill. The Bruce Highway to the south, the Captain Cook Highway to the north, the Kennedy Highway to the west and the rail links to the south and west all carry bulk hazardous substances in a variety of containers.

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Hazards
The Cairns Natural Disaster Risk Management Report 2002 was adopted by the City of Cairns in 2002 and the Douglas Shire Natural Disaster Risk Management Report was adopted by Douglas Shire Council in 2004. The studies were undertaken to provide updated information on risks within the previous Council areas and took into consideration earlier studies. A significant element of the process was the consideration of how a reduction in disaster risk can protect the community against loss of infrastructure, damage to the natural environment, compromised standard of living and economic failures brought about by disasters. Other studies and relevant reports are: Community Risk in Cairns AGSO Cities Project 1999, this report considered threats from earthquake, landslide, flood and cyclone and their affect on the Cairns community; The Flood Risk in Cairns Bureau of Meteorology 2001; Treating Risks in Cairns Ken Durham 2000; Cyclone and Storm Surge Threat to Cairns Regional Council Area C. Norris Cairns CC; The Tropical Cyclone Risk in Cairns BoM 2001; Cyclone Surge and Community Preparedness James Cook University 1999; Cairns Counter Disaster Plan 1999; Copperlode Falls Dam Emergency Action Plan June 2008; CairnsPlan 2006; Natural Disaster Risk Management Study - 2002 The full documents can be viewed by contacting the Disaster Management Coordinator for LDMG-CR on (07) 4044 3455. The Risk Management Record is a brief summary of identified risks to the Cairns Regional Community. NB It has been determined that the hazard and risk environment assessment of the Cairns Region will be revisited in 2012, concurrent with the review and redevelopment of the full disaster management planning arrangements. This activity, which is being sponsored by the Local Government Association of Queensland and the Natural Disaster Resilience Program will include consideration of the projected impacts of climate change upon the natural and social environment.

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Risk Descriptors Vulnerable Sector


The following are the sectors of Cairns Region that are at risk and are identified in the risk management record: People Infrastructure and Property Environment

Potential Risk
Cairns Regional people, infrastructure, environment and economy: Possible injury and fatalities Infrastructure including private buildings damaged and destroyed Damage to the environment Affect on the economy as a result of reduction in tourism and industry

Likelihood
The likelihood of the event occurring in Annual Recurrence Interval (ARI) A almost certain ARI 10 B likely ARI 50 C possible ARI 100 D unlikely ARI 500 E rare ARI 1000

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Consequence Descriptors
The following are the potential risk scenarios of a disaster on Cairns Region:

Insignificant Risk
o o o o o No fatalities. Medical treatment required. Small number displaced for a short period, some damage. Little disruption to the community. Some impact on the environment, with no lasting effects.

o Some financial loss. Minor Risk


o o o o o o o Small number of fatalities. Hospitalisation required. Minor temporary displacement. Significant damage. Some community disruption. Serious impact on environment with no long term effects. Significant financial loss.

Moderate Risk
o o o o o o o Multiple fatalities. Numerous injuries requiring hospitalisation. Significant numbers displaced for short periods. Serious damage requiring some external assistance. Community functioning with difficulty. Severe impact on environment with long term effects. Serious financial loss.

Major Risk
o o o o o o o Numerous fatalities. Extensive injuries, with significant hospitalisation. Large numbers displaced for significant duration. Severe damage that requires external resources. Community only partially functioning. Severe permanent damage to the environment. Severe financial loss.

Catastrophic Risk
o o o o o o o Mass fatalities. Large numbers requiring hospitalisation. General and widespread displacement for extended duration. Widespread extensive damage. Community unable to function. Widespread severe permanent damage to the environment. Widespread severe financial loss.

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Risk Management Record

Hazard

Vulnerable sector

Potential risk

Likelihood

Consequence

Level of risk

Action priority

Cyclone Cat 1-3

People, infrastructure, environment

Infrastructure damaged, people injured Infrastructure destroyed people injured or fatalities Property flooded, buildings damaged Property flooded, buildings damaged Property, buildings flooded Infrastructure damaged Infrastructure destroyed people injured or fatalities Infrastructure damaged or destroyed people injured or fatalities Infrastructure destroyed people injured or fatalities Infrastructure damaged or destroyed

Likely

Minor

High

Cyclone Cat 4+

People, infrastructure, environment

Rare

Major to catastrophic Major

High

Flood (up to Q100)

People, infrastructure, environment

Possible

High

Flood (PMF)

People, infrastructure, environment

Rare

Major

High

Storm Surge (Cyclonic)

People, infrastructure, environment

Rare

Catastrophic

High

Bushfire

People, infrastructure, environment

Likely

Minor

High

Earthquake

People, infrastructure, environment

Rare

Catastrophic

High

Tsunami

People, infrastructure, environment

Rare

Catastrophic

Moderate

Landslip

People, infrastructure, environment

Possible

Moderate

High

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Hazard

Vulnerable sector

Potential risk

Likelihood

Consequence

Level of risk

Action priority

Terrorist

People, infrastructure

Hazardous Materials Dam Failure

People, infrastructure, environment

People, infrastructure, environment

Marine Oil Spill Disease Pandemic Heatwave

Environment

Infrastructure destroyed, people injured or fatalities People may become ill, environmental damage Infrastructure destroyed, possible fatalities Environmental damage Major numbers hospitalised and fatalities Possible hospitalisation and fatalities Possible hospitalisation and fatalities Possible hospitalisation and fatalities

Rare

Major

High

Possible

Minor

Moderate

Rare

Moderate

Moderate

Possible

Insignificant

Low

People

Rare

Catastrophic

High

People

Possible

Minor

Moderate

Road Accidents

People

Possible

Minor

Moderate

Shipping/ Boating Accidents

People

Possible

Moderate

High

NOTE: Risk Treatment Options, Risk Treatment Evaluation, Responsible Agency for Treatment, Consequential Actions and Implementation Timeframe are included in the Cairns Disaster Risk Management Study 2002, Mitigation Strategies, Risk Treatment Worksheets and Douglas Shire Council Natural Disaster Risk Management Study 2002.

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Prevention
Building Codes and Building Use Regulations
In Cairns Regional Council the following codes and regulations apply: Building Code Australia Building Act 1975 Building Standards Regulation 1993 Building Regulations 2006 Building Fire Safety Regulation Body Corporate and Community Management Act 1997 Building Units and Group Titles Act 1980 Building and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2009 Building Services Authority Act 1991 CairnsPlan Douglas Shire Planning Scheme Integrated Planning Act 1997 Local Government Act 2009 Queensland Development Code State Planning Policy 1/03 guideline: mitigating the adverse impacts of flood, bushfire and landslide State Coastal Management Plan-Mitigating the Effects of Storm Tide Inundation Sustainable Planning Act 2009

Legislation
In addition to the Disaster Management Act 2003 the following Acts are relevant to Cairns Region Disaster Management; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and other Communities (Justice, Land Matters) Act 1984. Agricultural Chemicals Distribution Control Act 1966 Ambulance Service Act 1991 Chemical Usage (Agricultural and Veterinary) Control Act 1988 Coastal Protection and Management Act 1995 Criminal Code Act 1899 Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001 Disaster Readiness Amendment Act 2011 Environmental Protection Act 1994 Exotic Diseases in Animals Act 1981 Explosives Act 1999 Fire and Rescue Services Act 1990 Gas Supply Act 2003 Health Act 1937 Information Privacy Act 2009 Public Health Act 2005 Integrated Planning Act 1997 Land Act 1994 Liquid Fuel Supply Act 1984 Local Government Act 2009
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Major Sports Facilities Act 2001 Marine Parks Act 2004 Marine Parks (Great Barrier Reef Coast) Zoning Plan 2004 Marine Parks Act 2004 Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993 Nature Conservation Act 1992 Petroleum Act 1923 Public Safety Preservation Act 1986 Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 Right to Information Act 2009 Sustainable Planning Act 2009 Terrorism (Commonwealth Powers) Act 2002 Water Act 2000 Workplace Health and Safety (Miscellaneous) Regulation 2008

Public Education
Section 30(e) of the Disaster Management Act 2003 requires Local Government to be involved in an education program to ensure the community is aware of ways of mitigating the adverse effects of an event, and preparing for, responding to, and recovering from a disaster. The Cairns Regional Council is committed to an ongoing public awareness campaign The following are methods and the medium Cairns Regional Council uses to assist with promoting community awareness: BOM Weather Warnings; The LDMG-CR encourages all members of the LDMG-CR to provide public education programs in their area of responsibility; SES Group Leaders provide lectures to various organisations throughout the Region; EMQ presentations; Public displays; Brochures displayed and available in Council Offices and Libraries; Local Media including local television and radio, as well as articles in local newspapers and Council Newsletters; Cairns phone book BoM Cyclone Information and tracking map; Cairns Regional Council brochures: Plan, Pack, Listen Cairns Regional Council Cairns Tsunami Evacuation Guide Cairns Regional Council web site and media releases; Cairns Post Cyclone Survival Guide Supplement; Presentations to vulnerable communities; Presentations to schools and retirement villages; and Production of multi-lingual Cyclone Emergency Action Guide in Hmong, Italian, Traditional Chinese, Thai, Arabic and Japanese. Refer also to A.10 Public Information and Warnings Operational Plan.

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Land Use Management Initiatives


The CairnsPlan contains Overlay Codes for the Cairns area which regulate assessable development where the site is subject to possible landslip, bushfire or flooding and is referenced in: 3.5.1 Hillslopes 3.5.11 Bushfire Hazard 3.5.12 Flood management Overlay codes have been developed for the above and are: 4.6.4 Hillslopes Code 4.6.7 Bushfire Hazard Code 4.6.8 Flood Management Code Note: The Douglas Shire Planning Scheme does not contain overlay codes.

Local Government Counter Terrorism Risk Management Guidelines


The counter-terrorism risk assessment has been carried out in accordance with the Local Government Counter-terrorism Risk Management Kit and the information can be obtained through the Coordinator Disaster Management.

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Preparedness
Event Coordination
Overall management of the coordinated response is the responsibility of the Local Disaster Coordinator of the LDMG-CR. Activation of the LDMG-CR will be in response to a local event that demands a coordinated community response to respond. The authority to activate the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region is vested in the Chair or delegate of the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region. It is the duty of the Chair or delegate to inform the DDC regarding the Plans activation. The plan may also be activated at the request of the DDC. The functions of the LDCC-CR are: To co-ordinate Cairns Regional Council and community resources in support of agencies involved in response and recovery operations; To co-ordinate additional resources allocated to Cairns Regional Council through the District Disaster Coordination Centre. To coordinate the collection, collation and dissemination of information to the DDCC and the community. The Primary LDCC-CR is located at 61 79 Windarra Street, Woree. Cairns Regional Council has a secondary site in the Mossman Coordination Centre located at the Mossman Administration Building, 64-66 Front Street, Mossman. Activation and Standard Operating Procedures refer to A.1 Activation of LDMG-CR Operational Plan and A.2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region Operational Plan. Communication procedures are included in A.2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre Cairns Region Operational Plan.

Warning Systems and Dissemination


Weather warning products are issued by the Bureau of Meteorology and include, but are not limited to, severe weather warnings, tropical cyclone advice and tsunami warnings. The Cairns Regional Council can also request, through their member of EMQ on the LDMG an Emergency Alert campaign to be delivered via landline and text messages to potentially affected constituents. Part of the role of the LDMG is to ensure that member agencies are in appropriate receipt of warnings in order that they may disseminate the warnings to elements of the community that fall under their specific responsibility The release of information to the community regarding the emergency and associated threats, will normally be approved by the Chairperson and distributed through the Media Liaison Officer after discussions with the Officer in Charge of the Lead Agency and the Local Disaster Coordinator.

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Refer to Public Education in this plan, and also to A.10 Public Information and Warnings Operational Plan

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Response Capability
Cairns Regional Council have sufficient resources and competent personnel to contribute considerably to the response demands of any disastrous event. If additional resources are required the resources will initially be sourced through local suppliers that: are contracted to Council to provide a service or resource are capable of providing the resources can support Council in responding to a disaster through the provision of resources If external assistance is required, Cairns Regional Council will adhere to the processes outlined by the Queensland Disaster Management Arrangements to access such assistance.

Training and Exercises


Members of the LDMG and personnel who will be employed in the Local Disaster Coordination Centre will receive training commensurate with their position. Such training may be delivered by Emergency Management Queensland as a part of the formal training curriculum or by staff of the Disaster Management Unit. Each year one or more of the following exercises shall be held: a table top exercise; and a Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region exercise. a small scale exercise involving the SES and the testing of the LDCC-CR; and involvement in a District Disaster Exercise The purpose of these exercises is to test the resource and response capabilities of the LDMG-CR and other agencies. Records of exercises and other training activities are held by the Disaster Management Unit, and included in the annual report of the LDMG.

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Response
The principle purpose of the emergency response is the preservation of life and property. Response is defined as the actions taken in anticipation of, during, and immediately after an emergency to ensure that its effects are minimised, and that people affected are given immediate relief and support (EMA 2004).

Activation
The authority to activate the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region is vested in the Chair (or delegate) of the Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region. It is the duty of the Chair to inform the DDC regarding the Plans activation. Activation may occur as: A response to a worsening situation; or At the request of the responsible Lead Agency (in situations where no prior warning is possible). Activation of the LDMG-CR is a five stage operation being: Alert, Lean Forward Stand Up Stand-down Debrief.

(Standby) (Activate)

Activation of each stage will be dependent upon the type of hazard situation. For example, an earthquake, tsunami or terrorist attack may have an immediate major or catastrophic impact and will require immediate activation. A cyclone, flood or storm surge may be a gradual build up and a staged activation is more likely. Refer to Appendix I of this document and A.1 Activation of LDMG-CR Operational Plan. The Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region (LDCC-CR) is activated by the Local Disaster Coordinator of the LDMG-CR. The LDC has overall responsibility for the establishment and operation of the LDCC. The LDC should ensure appropriate levels of staff are identified and trained in the operation of the LDCC. For Activation and Operating Procedures refer to A.2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region Operational Plan

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Accessing Support
The LDMG is responsible for managing the coordination of the response to events using the local resources available to Council and the various member agencies of the LDMG. Councils preferred suppliers are outlined in a register of suppliers held by the Procurement unit of Council. Support is requested through the agency Liaison Officers or via the usual Council procedures. Such support includes human and material resources. Requests to DDMG for Resource Support When local resources are exhausted or are inappropriate for the task required, the Cairns District Disaster Management Plan and State Disaster Management Plan provide for external resources to be made available, firstly from the District, and then secondly on a State-wide basis. Only the Local Disaster Coordinator or the Chair may authorise any request for external resources through the DDC. Application is made via the Local Disaster Coordination Centre, and the process is described in the Operational Plan A.2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region.

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Operational Plans
Plans have been written for specific functions: A.1 Activation of LDMG-CR sets out the process for the activation of the LDMG-CR. A.2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region standard operating procedures for activating, staffing and management of the LDCC-CR during an event. A.3 Financial Management establishes the procedure for purchasing, procurement, emergency purchase orders and the process for tracking agency costs for response and recovery from a disaster. A.4 Community Support includes the Community Support Sub Plan and provides procedures and processes to be used during both the response and recovery phase of an event. A.5 Evacuation this plan sets out the process for evacuation, who makes the decision, how it is activated, who gives direction to evacuate and to which centre. A.6 Evacuation Centre Management establishes the roles and responsibilities for the opening up, staffing, registering and in general caring for evacuees. A.7 Impact Assessment this plan provides the LDMG-CR with the tools to carry out an initial and then a more detailed impact assessment on the effect of the disaster on infrastructure, private property and the people in the community. A.8 Medical Services this Plan provides a list and contact details for medical support in the Cairns Region. A.9 Public Health Cairns Regional Council Health Plan sets out the responsibilities of the Environmental Health Officer in the event of a disaster and the support given by Queensland Public Health. A.10 Public Information and Warnings provides the guidelines for the public awareness and education programs undertaken by members of the LDMGCR and also the procedure for issuing warnings or advice pre, during or post event. A.11 Media Management providing information to the media that is consistent, appropriate and reliable. (For Manager Marketing and Communications to develop). A.12 Public Works and Engineering protection and restoration of infrastructure before, during and after an event is paramount and this plan identifies key resources and assistance that can be deployed. A.13 Transport transport plays a key role in a disaster in not only ensuring access to the area for response teams but also to evacuate people if required. A.14 Logistics resource management, particularly of material resources, is an area that can cause extreme problems in response to a major event. This plan addresses the issues and provides process to be followed during a major event.

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Risk Treatment Arrangements


As this Local Disaster Management Plan is based on the all-hazards approach there are no threat specific plans as such, each threat or event is responded to in a similar manner and the key to a successful operation is to manage the consequences of the event to produce the best outcome for the community. The types of threat or disaster/emergency vary significantly and could be any of the following, cyclone and severe storm, counter terrorism, exotic animal disease, bushfire, flood, storm surge, oil spill, pollution, contamination of town water supply, major road/rail Incident, major aircraft accident, etc. Each type of event will have its own special requirements however the response will be in accordance with the Main Disaster Management Plan and supporting Operational Plans. The Operational Plans are applicable to all hazards and some or all of the Operational Plans would be implemented depending on the particular event. Some Risk Treatment Arrangements have been prepared for specific risks.

Initial Impact Assessment


The details of who carries out initial inspections and assessments, the procedures for reporting and action to be taken is set out in A.7 Impact Assessment Operational Plan. During the risk analysis process many events will be identified as having the potential for causing fatalities, injuries, property and environmental damage. The timely and accurate assessment of the health impact on the community along with the damage to public or private property and the associated implications for business and government continuity, which is of vital concern during a disaster event which will have a great bearing upon the manner in which response and recovery are managed.

The LDMG supports the concept of a Rapid Impact assessment analysing the extent of the affected area; affected population including the characteristics and condition; emergency medical, health nutritional water and sanitation.

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Recovery
Recovery Principles
Recovery is a remedial and developmental process encompassing the following activities (the source document for Recovery is the EMA Recovery Manual): Regeneration of the emotional, social and physical well-being of individuals and communities; Reducing future exposure to hazards and associated risks; Reducing the consequences of the disaster on a community; and Taking opportunities to adapt to meet the physical, environmental, economic and psychosocial future needs of the community. Disaster recovery is most effective: When management arrangements recognise that recovery from a disaster is a complex, dynamic and protracted process; When agreed plans and management arrangements are well understood by the community and all disaster management agencies; When community service and reconstruction agencies have input to key decision making; When conducted with the active participation of the affected community; When recovery managers are involved from initial briefing onwards; When recovery services are provided in timely, fair, equitable and flexible manner; and When supported by training programs and exercises.

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Recovery Concepts
The major themes of the Recovery Concepts are: Community Involvement recovery processes are most effective when affected communities actively participate in their own recovery; Local Level Management recovery services should be managed to the extent possible at the local level; Affected Community the identification of the affected community needs to include all those affected in any significant way whether defined by geographical location or as a dispersed population; Differing Effects the ability of individuals, families and communities to recover depends upon capacity, specific circumstances of the event and its effects; Empowerment recovery services should empower communities to manage their own recovery through support and maintenance of identity, dignity and autonomy; Resourcefulness recognition needs to be given to the level of resourcefulness evident within an affected community and self-help should be encouraged; Responsiveness, Flexibility, Adaptability and Accountability recovery services need to be responsive, flexible and adaptable to meet the rapidly changing environment, as well as being accountable; Integrated Services integration of recovery service agencies, as well as with response agencies, is essential to avoid overlapping services and resource wastage; Coordination recovery services are most effective when coordinated by a single agency; and Planned Withdrawal planned and managed withdrawal of external services is essential to avoid gaps in service delivery and the perception of leaving before the task has been completed.

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Recovery Components
There are four elements of recovery and all components are interdependent of each other and one cannot operate effectively without the others. The Recovery Plan considers in detail each component and addresses the issues identified: Community Recovery families and individuals: o o o o Community characteristics; Resources necessary to assist in recovery; What government agencies and non-government organisations would be necessary during recovery; and What financial assistance is available to the community and how to access this assistance.

Infrastructure Recovery infrastructure and services: o o o o o o Restoration of essential services; Community access to services; Facilitation of restoration of living conditions and security; Prioritising the rebuilding of infrastructure and community lifelines; How to communicate with the community; and How to integrate arrangements with other agencies.

Economic Recovery business continuity, industry restoration: o o o What impact will the disaster have on business continuity and job security; Who needs to be involved in rebuilding economic viability in the community; and Management of damaged reputation regionally, nationally and internationally.

Environmental Recovery our natural surroundings: o o Identification of issues to be considered in managing environmental damage caused by the disaster; and Identification of who should be involved in this process.

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Appendices Appendix A Operational Plans


The Operational Plans are for Cairns Region in general with two sections where required, relating specifically to the Cairns Area and the Far Northern Area. A. 1 Activation of Local Disaster Management Group - Cairns Region A. 2 Local Disaster Coordination Centre - Cairns Region A. 3 Financial Management A. 4 Community Support A. 5 Evacuation A. 6 Evacuation Centre Management A. 7 Impact Assessment A. 8 Medical Services A. 9 Public Health A.10 Public Information and Warnings A.11 Public Works and Engineering A.12 Transport A.13 Logistics

Appendix B Roles and Responsibilities of LDMG-CR Members Appendix C Distribution List Appendix D Definitions Appendix E Abbreviations Appendix F Cairns Region LDMG Contact Directory Appendix G Resources List Appendix H Roles and Responsibilities Appendix I Activation Levels and Actions

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Appendix B Roles and Responsibilities of LDMG-CR Members

CORE MEMBERS
Position
Chairperson Mayor Deputy Chairperson Nominated Councillor Chief Executive Officer Local Disaster Coordinator Deputy Local Disaster Coordinator Local Discovery Recovery Coordinator Disaster Management Resilience Officer Disaster Management Officer Regional Manager Douglas Executive Engineer Mossman Manager Cairns Works

Organisation
Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council

Responsibilities
To chair LDMG-CR meetings and to provide a link between the LDMG-CR and Council To chair LDMG-CR Meetings in the absence of the Chair and to provide a link between the LDMG-CR and Council (Powers delegated to Local Disaster Coordinator)
To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR. Responsibility for the overall management of the coordinated response. To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR. Responsibility for the overall management of the coordinated response.

Contact Person
Cr Bob Manning

Cr Terry James Cr Steve Brain Peter Tabulo Ian Fell

Anton Mac Suibhne Lisa Golding Sioux Campbell Sioux Campbell Mandy Walker Liz Collyer Peter Cymbala

Responsible for Community Support and recovery. To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR To provide expert advice and support on all technical matters, including the provision of plant, materials and manpower during response and recovery.

Mick McFadden

Manager Operations Water & Waste Principal Environmental Health Officer Manager Libraries & Community Development Manager Parks & Leisure Manager Corporate Communications Cairns City Inspector Manager Community Safety Operations Officer in Charge Cairns Station Disaster Coordinator Local Controller

Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council

To provide expert advice on matters relating to water supply (including Copperlode Dam)and sewerage treatment and disposal

Alex Ung

Cairns Regional Council

Responsible for Public Health Alex Skubij Operational Plan To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR; Community Kerrie Still Support Sub-committee, and responsible for Community Support. To provide expert advice and support to the Chair and LDMG-CR; Community Brett Spencer Support Sub-committee, and responsible for Parks and Leisure. Preparation and dissemination of all press releases during an event Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the hospital and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Robyn Holmes Insp Dave Lacey Insp Greg Strettles Cathy Sawtell Kathy Hill Glenn Dutton

Cairns Regional Council Queensland Police Service Queensland Fire and Rescue Service Queensland Ambulance Service Cairns Base Hospital State Emergency Service - Cairns

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Area Operations Manager Executive Manager Security Operations Manager Security & Emergency Manager

Ergon Energy Emergency Management Queensland Cairns Airport Ports North

Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR To provide advice and assistance to all agencies and committees within the Queensland disaster management system Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR

Brett Duncan

Cheryl-Lee Fitzgerald

Jonathan Jackson Dan Warner

ADVISORS
Position
Acting Fire Station Manager Manager Joint Operations Support Staff Regional Manager OIC Cairns Meteorology Office IT Manager Workplace & Health & Safety/ Infection Control Officer Chamber President Manager Infrastructure Management Manager Waste Services & Environment Senior Service Officer (Disaster Recovery) Lecturer School of Earth & Environmental Sciences Coordinator Centre for Disaster Studies Director Environmental Health Tropical Population Health Unit Yards Supervisor, Regional Coordinators Office Cairns QR Manager (Passenger Transport) Northern Senior Engineer, Traffic Manager Marine Safety Local Development Consultant Manager Marketing Operations

Organisation
Airservices Australia Australian Defence Force Australian Red Cross Bureau of Meteorology Cairns Division of General Practice Cairns Private Hospital Cairns Chamber of Commerce Cairns Regional Council Cairns Regional Council

Responsibilities
Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR To provide expert advice on medical and health matters Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR To provide expert advice on matters relating to Council infrastructure

Contact Person
Mark Best Major Phil Duncan Michael White Leo Farrell Phil Jervis Andrea Grimes Anthony Mirotsos

Terry Armit

To provide expert advice on matters relating to waste management and disposal Liaison between the Cairns District Department of Community Recovery Committee and Communities the LDMG-CR To provide expert advice on matters James Cook University relating to environmental issues to the LDMG CR. James Cook University Queensland Health Queensland Rail Queensland Transport Support and assistance to the LDMGCR and the XO Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR

Debra MacKeen

Adam Garnett

Dr Sharon Harwood

David King

Paul Endres

Darcy Benham Ross Hodgman Jim Harding-Smith Nathan Best Craig Bartlett Vacant

Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Main Roads Liaison between the agency and the LDMG-CR Maritime Safety Liaison between the agency and the Queensland LDMG-CR Liaison between the agency and the Telstra LDMG-CR Tourism Tropical North To provide expert advice on matters Queensland relating to the tourist population

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General Manager Works and Services

Cairns Regional Council

To provide expert advice and support on all technical matters, incl. the provision of plant, materials and manpower during response and recovery

Ross McKim

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Appendix C Distribution List


Controlled Copies of Main Plan and all Operational Plans Organisation
Cairns Regional Council Chairperson LDMG-CR Deputy Chairperson LDMG-CR LDC LDMG-CR Deputy LDC LDMG-CR Chief Executive Officer Disaster Management Operations Officer Community Support Coordinator LDMG-CR Principal Environmental Health Officer Manager Infrastructure Management Manager Corporate Communications General Manager Cairns Water General Manager Works & Services Disaster Management Unit (2 spare copies) Cairns Airport LDMG-CR Representative Cairns Ports (Seaport) LDMG-CR Representative Emergency Management Queensland LDMG-CR Representative Ergon Energy LDMG-CR Representative Queensland Ambulance Service LDMG-CR Representative Queensland Fire & Rescue Service LDMG-CR Representative Queensland Health, Cairns & Hinterland Health Service District (Cairns Base Hospital) LDMG-CR Representative Queensland Police Service Cairns District Disaster Coordinator LDMG-CR Representative State Emergency Service LDMG-CR Representative

Controlled Copy #

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 & 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

22 23 24

Copies of Main Plan and Relevant Operational Plans Organisation


Airservices Australia Aviation Rescue & Fire Fighting Australian Defence Force (JOSS) Australian Red Cross Bureau of Meteorology, Cairns Cairns Chamber of Commerce Cairns Private Hospital

No. of Copies
1 1 1 1 1 1

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Cairns Regional Council Manager Operations, Cairns Water Manager Waste Services Libraries (9) Department of Communities Department of Main Roads General Practice Cairns James Cook University, Centre for Disaster Studies Maritime Safety Queensland Queensland Health, Tropical Public Health Unit Queensland Rail Queensland Transport Telstra Tourism Tropical North Queensland

11

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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Appendix D Definitions
Advisor A person invited to participate in the business of a disaster management group in an advisory capacity on an asrequired basis.

Alert (See Lean Forward)

A heightened level of vigilance due to the possibility of an event in the area of responsibility. No action is required however the situation should be monitored by someone capable of assessing the potential of the threat.

Chair

The person appointed by the local government as the Chair of the Local Disaster Management Group.

Chief Executive

The chief executive of the department, as referred to in the Disaster Management Act 2003, is currently the DirectorGeneral of the Department of Community Safety.

Community

A group of people with a commonality of association and generally defined by location, shared experience, or function.

Community Resilience

The adaptive capacity of its members to respond to and influence the consequences of disasters to continue an acceptable level in functioning and structure
(Adapted from the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction; 2002 and The Community Resilience Manual, Canada, 2000)

Coordination

The bringing together of organisations to ensure effective disaster management before, during and after an event. It is primarily concerned with systematic acquisition and application of resources (people, material, equipment, etc) in accordance with priorities set by disaster management groups. Coordination operations horizontally across organisations and agencies.

Coordination centre

A facility established at State, district or local level as a centre of communication and coordination during times of disaster operations.

Deputy Chair

The person appointed by the local government as the Deputy Chair of the Local Disaster Management Group.

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Disaster

A serious disruption in a community, caused by the impact of an event that requires a significant coordinated response by the State and other entities to help the community to recover from the disruption
(Disaster Management Act 2003).

Disaster district

Part of the state prescribed under a regulation as a disaster district.

Disaster management

Arrangements about managing the potential adverse effects of an event, including, for example, arrangements for mitigating, preventing, preparing for, responding to and recovering a disaster
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster management functions

The services essential to managing the impacts and consequences of an event.

Disaster mitigation

The taking of preventative measures to reduce the likelihood of an event occurring or, if an event occurs, to reduce the severity of the event
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster operations

Activities undertaken before, during or after an event happens to help reduce loss of human life, illness or injury to humans, property loss or damage, or damage to the environment, including, for example, activities to mitigate the adverse effects of an event
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster preparedness

The taking of preparatory measures to ensure that, if an event occurs, communities, resources and services are able to cope with the effects of the event
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster research

May be broadly understood as a systematic inquiry, before and after a disaster, into a relevant disaster management problem
(COAG, Natural Disasters in Australia: Reforming mitigation, relief and recovery arrangements: 2002)

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Disaster response

The taking of appropriate measures to respond to an event, including action taken and measures planned in anticipation of, during, and immediately after an event to ensure that its effects are minimised and that persons affected by the event are given immediate relief and support
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster response capability

The ability to provide equipment and a suitable number of persons, using the resources available to the local government, to effectively deal with, or help another entity to deal with, an emergency situation or a disaster in the local governments area
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster response operations

The phase of disaster operations that relates to responding to a disaster


(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster recovery

The taking of appropriate measures to recovery from an event, including action taken to support disaster affected communities in the reconstruction of infrastructure, the restoration of emotional, social, economic and physical wellbeing, and the restoration of the environment
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster recovery operations

The phase of disaster operations that relates to recovering from a disaster


(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Disaster relief

The provision of immediate shelter, life support and human needs of persons affected by, or responding to, an emergency
(COAG, Natural Disasters in Australia: Reforming mitigation, relief and recovery arrangements: 2002)

Disaster risk assessment

The process used to determine risk management priorities by evaluating and comparing the level of risk against predetermined standards, target risk levels or other criteria
(COAG, Natural Disasters in Australia: Reforming mitigation, relief and recovery arrangements: 2002).

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District Disaster Coordinator

A person appointed under the Disaster Management Act 2003 who is responsible for the coordination of disaster operations in the disaster district for the District Disaster Management Group.

District Disaster Management Group

The group established under the Disaster Management Act 2003 to provide coordinated State government support and resources to Local Disaster Management Groups.

District Disaster Management Plan

A plan prepared under the Disaster Management Act 2003 that documents planning and resource management to counter the effects of a disaster within the disaster district.

Event

Any of the following: (a) A cyclone, earthquake, flood, storm, storm tide, tornado, tsunami, volcanic eruption or other natural happening; (b) An explosion or fire, a chemical, fuel or oil spill, or a gas leak; (c) An infestation, plague or epidemic; (d) A failure of, or disruption to, an essential service or infrastructure; (e) An attack against the Sate; (f) Another event similar to an event mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (e). An event may be natural or caused by human acts or omissions
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Executive Officer DDMG

A person appointed to the position of Executive Officer to the District Disaster Management Group by the Commissioner, Queensland Police Service

Executive Team

The Chair, Deputy Chair and Local Disaster Coordinator of a local group

Functional Lead Agency

An agency allocated responsibility to prepare for and provide a disaster management function and lead organisations that provide support roles.
Local Disaster Management Interim Guidelines Final Draft August 2011

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Guidelines

Guidelines are developed under s63 of the Disaster Management Act 2003 to inform the SDMG, DDMGs and local governments about the preparation of disaster management plans, matters to be included in disaster management plans and other appropriate matters about the operation of a DDMG or LDMG.

Hazard

A source of potential harm, or a situation with a potential to cause loss


(Emergency Management Australia, 2004)

Lean forward

An operational state prior to stand up characterised by a heightened level of situational awareness of a disaster event (either current or impending) and a state of operational readiness. Disaster coordination centres are on standby; prepared but not activated.

Local Disaster Management Group

The group established under the Disaster Management Act 2003 to manage disaster planning and operations on behalf of the local government.

Local Disaster Management Plan

A plan that documents arrangements to manage disaster planning and operations within the local government area of responsibility.

Post-disaster assessment

Addresses performance during and the risks revealed by a disaster event in order to improve future development of mitigation measures. Post-disaster assessment forms part of continuous improvement of the whole system
(Adapted from COAG, Natural Disasters in Australia: Reforming mitigation, relief and recovery arrangements: 2002)

Primary Agency

An agency allocated responsibility to prepare for and respond to a specific hazard based on their legislated and/or technical capability and authority.

Queensland Disaster Management Arrangements Recovery

Whole-of-government arrangements to ensure the collaborative and effective coordination of planning, services, information and resources for comprehensive disaster management

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The taking of preventative measures to recover from an event, including action taken to support disaster-affected communities in the reconstruction of infrastructure, the restoration of emotional, social, economic and physical wellbeing, and the restoration of the environment
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Relief

The provision of immediate shelter, life support and human needs of persons affected by, or responding to, an emergency.
(EMA: Australian Emergency Management Glossary)

Residual risk

The risk remaining after risk treatment. Residual risk can contain unidentified risk. Residual risk can also be known as retained risk
(AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management Principles and guidelines)

The effect of uncertainty on objectives Risk


(ISO Guide 73:2009 Risk management Vocabulary)

The process of finding, recognising and describing risks Risk identification


(ISO Guide 73:2009 Risk management Vocabulary)

Risk management

The systematic application of management policies, procedures and practices to the tasks of identifying, analysing, evaluating, treating and monitoring risk
(Australian Emergency Management Glossary)

Risk management process

The systematic application of management policies, procedures and practices to the activities of communicating, consulting, establishing the context, and identifying, analysing, evaluating, treating, monitoring and reviewing risk
(ISO Guide 73:2009 Risk management - Vocabulary)

Risk treatments that deal with negative consequences Risk reduction


(ISO Guide 73:2009 Risk management Vocabulary)

Risk register

A listing of risk statements describing sources of risk and

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elements at risk with assigned consequences, likelihoods and levels of risk.

Risk treatment

A process to modify risk. Risk treatment can involve avoiding the risk by deciding not to start or continue with the activity that gives risk to the risk; taking or increasing the risk in order to pursue an opportunity; removing the risk source; changing the likelihood; changing the consequences; sharing the risk with another party or parties; and retaining the risk by informed decision
(ISO Guide 73:2009 Risk management Vocabulary)

Serious disruption

Serious disruption means: a. loss of human life, or illness or injury to humans; b. widespread or severe property loss or damage; or c. widespread or severe damage to the environment
(Disaster Management Act 2003)

Stand down

Transition from responding to an event back to normal core business and/or recovery operations. There is no longer a requirement to respond to the event and the threat is no longer present. The operational state following lean forward whereby resources are mobilised, personnel are activated and operational activities commenced. Disaster coordination centres are activated.

Stand up

State Disaster Coordinator

A person appointed under the Disaster Management Act 2003 who is responsible for the coordination of disaster response operations for the State Disaster Management Group.

State Disaster Management Plan

A planning tool for disaster managers which provides an overview of Queenslands disaster management arrangements, including agency roles and responsibilities.

State Recovery Coordinator

A person appointed under the Disaster Management Act 2003 who is responsible for the coordination of disaster recovery operations for the State Disaster Management Group.

Vulnerability
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The conditions determined by physical, social, economic and environmental factors or processes, which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact

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Appendix E Abbreviations
The following abbreviations are used throughout the Local Disaster Management Plan Cairns Region:

ADF AHD ASA ARFF BoM LDC LDCC-CR LDMG-CR LDMP-CR CPA DDC DDCC DMR EMA EMQ GBRMPA JCU MSQ NPWS QAS QFRS QPS Q-Rail RFB SDCC SDMG SES

Australian Defence Force Australian Height Datum Air Services Australia Aviation Rescue & Fire Fighting Bureau of Meteorology Local Disaster Coordinator Local Disaster Coordination Centre Cairns Region Local Disaster Management Group Cairns Region Local Disaster Management Plan Cairns Region Cairns Port Authority District Disaster Coordinator District Disaster Coordination Centre Department of Main Roads Emergency Management Australia Emergency Management Queensland Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority James Cook University Maritime Safety Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service Queensland Ambulance Service Queensland Fire and Rescue Queensland Police Service Queensland Rail Rural Fire Brigade State Disaster Coordination Centre State Disaster Management Group State Emergency Service

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Appendix F LDMG-CR Contact Directory

CORE MEMBERS & ADVISORS


Complete list refer #965174

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Appendix G Resources List


Not for public release # 1823365

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Appendix H Roles and Responsibilities


The following are the roles and responsibilities of agencies that may be involved in the Disaster Management arrangements. It is to be remembered that no organisation will be required to be involved in any activity which is not part of that agencys core business. The roles and responsibilities enumerated in this section are seen as an extension of the normal day to day business of the agencies involved. All agencies should be involved in the formulation of the Local Disaster Management Strategies.

Agency

Roles & Responsibilities


Maintenance of the Local Government function (via Local Government Business Continuity Contingency Planning) Maintenance of normal Local Government services to the community o o o o o o o o Water Sewerage Refuse disposal Public health Animal control Environmental protection Roads Drainage

Cairns Regional Council

Maintenance of a disaster response capability Design, maintenance and operation of Local Disaster Co-ordination Centre, including the training of sufficient personnel to operate the Centre Maintenance of telemetry and warning systems Collection and interpretation of information from telemetry systems Short term welfare

Development of the comprehensive Local Disaster Management Planning strategies Design and maintenance of public education/awareness programs Coordination of support to response agencies Reconnaissance and impact assessment Provision of public information prior to, during and following disaster impact events Recommendations re areas to be considered for authorised evacuation (see Storm Tide Warning/Response Handbook, where

LDMG- Cairns Region

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appropriate) Public advice re voluntary evacuation Provision of locally based community support services

Functional lead agency for warnings as an agency within the Department of Community Safety Review, assess and report on the effectiveness of disaster management by the State at all levels, including the State Disaster Management Plan and district and local plans Establish and maintain arrangements between the State and Commonwealth on disaster management issues Ensure that disaster management and disaster operations within the State are consistent with the States policy framework, plans, and guidelines Ensure that persons performing functions under the Act in relation to disaster operations are appropriately trained Provide advice and support to the SDMG, DDMGs and LDMGs in relation to disaster management and disaster operations Coordinate reception operations Administer NDRRA relief measures as required Perform the following responsibilities in support of disaster operations: Develop, maintain, monitor and continuously improve the States disaster management arrangements and systems Ensure the availability, maintenance and operation of the SDCC Manage resupply operations Coordinate, support and manage the deployment of State Emergency Service resources Coordinate, support and manage the deployment of EMQ Helicopter Rescue resources Support the deployment of Queensland Corrective Services resources

Emergency Management Queensland


Primary agency responsibility for terrorism Provide executive support to the State group Coordinate the disaster response operations for the State group if a QPS officer is appointed as a State Disaster Coordinator Preserve peace and good order Prevent crime

Queensland Police Service

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Maintain any site as a possible crime scene Provide a Disaster Victim Identification capability Conduct traffic control, including assistance with road closures and maintenance of road blocks Coordinate evacuation operations Coordinate search and rescue operations Manage the registration of evacuees and associated inquiries in conjunction with the Australian Red Cross Provide security for damaged or evacuated premises Respond to and investigate traffic, rail and air incidents

Queensland Police Service (Cont.)

Primary agency for bushfire Primary agency for chemical / hazardous materials (HazMat) related incidents Coordinate the disaster response operations for the State group if a QFRS officer is appointed as a State Disaster Coordinator Provide control, management and pre-incident planning of fires (structural, landscape and transportation) Provide rescue capability for persons trapped in any vehicle, vessel, by height or in confined space Rescue of persons isolated or entrapped in swiftwater / floodwater events Provide advice, chemical analysis and atmospheric monitoring at chemical/ HazMat incidents Provide mass and technical decontamination capabilities under State Biological Disaster and State Radiological Disaster response Provide Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) capability for building collapse events Support the Queensland Hazardous Materials Incident Recovery Plan Support the Queensland Coastal Contingency Action Plan - Chemical Spill Response Plan (a supporting plan of the National Marine Chemical Spill Contingency Plan, and National Marine Oil Spill Contingency Plan) Provide Impact Assessment, and intelligence gathering capabilities Provide logistical and communications support to disasters within capabilities

Queensland Fire & Rescue Service

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Provide, operate and maintain ambulance services Access, assess, treat and transport sick and/or injured persons Protect persons from injury or death, during rescue and other related activities Coordinate all volunteer first aid groups during for major emergencies and disasters Provide and support temporary health infrastructure where required Collaborate with Queensland Clinical Coordination Centre in the provision of paramedics for rotary wing operations Participate in search and rescue, evacuation and victim reception operations Participate in Health Facility evacuations Collaborate with Queensland Health in mass casualty management systems Provide Disaster, Urban Search and Rescue (USAR), Chemical Hazard (Hazmat), Biological and Radiological operations support with specialist logistics and specialist paramedics

Queensland Ambulance Service

Assisting the community to prepare for, respond to and recover from an event or disaster. Public Education Rescue of trapped or stranded persons (See State Rescue Policy) Search operations for missing persons. First Aid Traffic Control Short term welfare support Assistance with impact assessment Assistance with communications Assistance with lighting

State Emergency Service

Maintenance of electrical power supply Advice in relation to electrical power Restoration of power Safety advice for consumers

Ergon Energy

Tourism Tropical North Queensland

Provide assistance in the coordination of accommodation, travel, etc for affected interstate and international tourists

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Functional lead agency for health services Primary agency for Radiological Incident Pandemic Influenza, Biological and

Coordinate the disaster response operations for the State group if a Queensland Health officer is appointed as a State Disaster Coordinator Protect and promote health in accordance with Health Services Act 1991 and Public Health Act 2005 Provide Clinical and Statewide and Forensic services support for disaster response and recovery Provide human-social support for response and recovery Provide appropriate pre-hospital on-site medical and health support Coordinate aeromedical tasking in partnership with QAS throughout the State Provide state representation at the Australian Health Protection Committee Ensure a whole-of-health emergency incident management capability to prevent, respond to, and recover from any event Provide appropriate public and community health risk and preventative measures information Provide health communications emergency incident information for media

Queensland Health

Aviation Rescue and Fire Fighting

Aviation specialists for large flammable fuel fire control, rescue of trapped persons, first aid, water rescue service and structural fire fighting. Mutual aid support to State based emergency services.

Functional lead agency for transport systems Primary agency for sea pollution where it impacts, or is likely to impact, on Queensland Coastal Waters Coordinate the disaster response operations for the State group if a Department of Transport and Main Roads officer is appointed as a State Disaster Coordinator Provide information and advice on the impact of disruptive events on road, rail, aviation and maritime infrastructure as it affects the transport system

Department of Transport and Main Roads

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Enable an accessible transport system through reinstating road, rail and maritime infrastructure Assist with the safe movement of people as a result of mass evacuation of a disaster affected community Ensure the capability of logistics related industries are appropriately applied to disaster response and recovery activities

Cairns Airport & Cairns North

Advise on airport and seaport infrastructure capability Advise on possible asset availability for air or sea evacuation tasks

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Appendix I Activation Levels and Actions


Extract from Local Government Interim Planning Guidelines

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