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[TYPE THE DOCUMENT TITLE] [Pick the date] Principles of Physical Growth and Development General to Specific Movement

1. Childrens movement progress from general to specialized and better coordinated movement involving specific body parts. This principle is seen in childrens level of control over their bodies when communicating their thoughts. For example, young infants often use their body when reaching for object.

2. Another example is older infants more intentional behavior by pointing to and picking up small object.

Early Childhood Physical Development.

[TYPE THE DOCUMENT TITLE] [Pick the date] 3. Meanwhile, for preschoolers and school-age children they are manipulate a range of drawing and writing materials to express their thoughts.

Body awareness 1. Children become aware of their whole body before they become aware of their body parts. Teacher can make an activity with children in order to teach them about part of body.

Directional growth 1. Physical growth and development of children proceeds in two directions which are: 1. Cephalocaudal development 2. Proximodistal development 1. Cephalocaudal development a. Cephalocaudal development refers to physical growth and development that extends downward from the head to the feet. b. The cephalocaudal principle is reflected in childrens motor skills. c. Infants first gain control over their head, then their shoulder and trunk and finally their legs. d. The result is that the act of standing proceeds in a cephalocaudal direction from head to feet. e. Preschool children likewise have better control over their upper bodies than their legs.
Early Childhood Physical Development. 2

[TYPE THE DOCUMENT TITLE] [Pick the date] f. They subsequently find it easier to throw a ball while remaining in one spot. g. For example, throwing a ball while running is a skill that preschool children develop as they learn to coordinate their upper and lower bodies.

2. Proximodistal development a. Proximodistal development refers to physical growth and development that extends outward from the center of the body to the extremities. b. Children gain control over their trunk and shoulders before controlling their arms and they gain control over their amrs before controlling their finger. c. It is for this reason that preschool and young school-age children must first learn to control large brushes and crayons before they are introduced to pencils and pens. d. For example, painting with brushes and drawing with large crayons involve large sweeping movement made with the shoulders and arms. As they learn to gain control over their shoulder and arms. e. Another example is, printing and detailed drawing involve small, controlled movements made with the hand and fingers. As they learn to gain control over their hands and fingers. f. This progression of physical development influences the materials that teachers provide to children.

Early Childhood Physical Development.


Early Childhood Physical Development.