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# UNIT IV SECTION OF SOLIDS PRISM

Sectioning of above solids in simple vertical position by cutting planes inclined to one reference plane and perpendicular to the other Obtaining true shape of section. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and truncated solids Prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones Development of lateral surfaces of solids with cylindrical cutouts, perpendicular to the axis.

1.

A cube of 45 mm side rests with a face on the HP such that one of its vertical face is

inclined 30 to the VP. A section plane is parallel to the VP cuts the cube at a distance of 15 mm from the vertical edge nearer to the observer. Draw its top and sectional front views. 2. A pentagonal prism side of base 30 mm and axis 60 mm long lies with one of its

rectangular faces on the HP and its axis is inclined at 30 to the VP. A section plane perpendicular to the HP and parallel to the VP cuts the prism into two equal parts. Draw its top and sectional front views. PYRAMID 3. A pentagonal pyramid, side of base 30 mm and axis 60 mm long rests with its base on the FP and an edge of its base is parallel to the VP. A section plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at 45 to the HP passes through the axis at a point 35 mm above the base. Draw the sectional top view. 4. A right regular pentagonal pyramid side of base 25 mm and length of axis 50 mm, lies on one of its triangular faces on the HP with its axis parallel to the VP. A section plane perpendicular to the HP and inclined to the VP at 30 cuts the pyramid bisecting its axis Draw its top view, sectional front view and true shape of the section. CYLINDER 5. A cylinder of 50 mm and diameter height 60 mm rests on the HP with its base parallel to the VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the HP and inclined at 45 to the VP. It meets the axis at a distance of 15 mm from the end face. Draw the views and true shape of the section. 6. A cylinder of base diameter 50 mm and axis length 60 mm is resting is resting on the HP on one of its generators with its axis perpendicular to the VP and it is bisecting the axis of the cylinder. Draw its top view, sectional front view and true shape of the

section CONE 7.A cone of base diameter 40 mm and axis length 60 mm is resting on the HP with its base. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP and parallel to a generator through a point on its axis at a distance of 25 mm from apex. Draw the font view, sectional top view and true shape of the section. 8. A right circular cone diameter of base 56 mm and height 65 mm, rests on its base on the HP. A section plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined to the HP at 45 cuts the cone meeting its axis at a distance of 36 mm from its base. Draw its front view, sectional top view and true shape of the section.
DEVELOPMENT OF LATERAL SURFACES OF SIMPLE AND TRUNCATED SOLIDS

PRISM 9. A hexagonal prism of base side height 60 mm is resting on the HP with two of its lateral faces parallel to the VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at 30 to the HP. The plane meets the axis at a distance of 20 mm above the base. Draw the development of the lateral surfaces of the lower portion of the prism. 10. A hexagonal prism of base side 25 mm and axis 55 mm long rests with its base on the HP and an edge of the base is inclined at 45 to the VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at 45 to the HP. The plane meets the axis at a point 15 mm below the top end. Draw the development of the surface of the truncated lower portion of the prism. CYLINDER 11. A cylinder of diameter 40 mm, height 75 mm is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP inclined at 55 to the HP meeting the axis top face. Draw the lateral development of the solid. 12. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the lower portion of a cylinder of diameter 50 mm and axis 70 mm when sectioned by a plane inclined at 40 to the HP

and perpendicular to the VP and bisecting the axis. PYRAMID 13. A square pyramid base side 30 mm altitude 65 mm is resting on the HP on its base with a side of base inclined at 25 to the VP. It is cut by a plane inclined at 35 to the HP and perpendicular to the VP and bisects the axis. Draw the development of the remaining lower portion of the pyramid. 14. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 20 mm and altitude 40 mm rests on the ground with one of the base sides being perpendicular to the VP. The pyramid is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at 45 to the HP, passing through a point on the axis at a distance of 5 mm from the apex. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the cut pyramid. CONE 15 A cone of diameter 50 mm and axis 60 mm in resting on the HP on its base. It is cut by a sectional plane perpendicular to both the HP and the VP, 8 mm away from the axis. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the large portion of the cone. 16. A cone of base 50 mm diameter and height with its base on the HP. A section plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at 30 to the HP bisects the axis of the cone. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the truncated cone.
DEVELOPMENT OF LATERAL SURFACES OF PRISM, CYLINDER, PYRAMID AND CONE WITH SQUARE AND CYLINDRICAL CUTOUTS PERPENDICULAR TO THE AXIS

PRISM 17. A hexagonal prism of base side 25 mm and height 60 mm stands on the HP with a rectangular face parallel to the VP. A hole of diameter 30 mm is drilled centrally through the prism in such a way that the axis of the hole bisects the axis of the prism at right angles. The axis of the hole is perpendicular to the VP. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the prism. 18. A pentagonal prism of base side 25 mm and height 60 mm stands on one of its ends on the HP with a rectangular face parallel to the VP. A hole of diameter 30 mm is drilled centrally through the prism in such a way that the axis of the hole bisects the axis of the prism at right angles. The axis of the hole is perpendicular to the VP. Draw the

development of the lateral surface of the prism. CYLINDER 19. A cylinder of base diameter 50 mm and axis length 70 mm is resting on the HP on its Base. A cylindrical hole of 40 mm diameter is drilled on the surface of they cylinder. The axis of the hole intersects with the axis of the cylinder at right angles and bisects The axis of this cylinder. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the cylinder. 20. A cylinder hole of base diameter 30 mm is drilled through a vertical cylinder of Diameter 50 mm and height 65 mm. the axis of the hole is perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder at right angles at a height of 30 mm above the base. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the cylinder. PYRAMID 21. A hexagonal pyramid of side of base 30 mm and axis 70 mm rest on its base with the Edges of the base parallel to the VP. A circular hole of diameter 30 mm is completely drilled through the pyramid such that the axis of the hole is perpendicular to the VP and Intersects the axis of the pyramid 20 mm above the base. Draw the development of the Lateral surface of the pyramid showing the true shape of the hole formed on it. 22. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 20 mm and axis length 50 mm rests on its base on The HP with a base edge parallel to the VP and farther away from the VP. A square slot of diagonal 16 mm is drilled right through the pyramid such that diagonal coincides with the axis of the pyramid. The centre of the slot lies on the axis of the pyramid 20 mm adobe the base of the pyramid. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the pyramid with the cut out when the axis of the slot is perpendicular to the vp. CONE 23. A cone of base diameter 40 mm and height 50 mm stands on its base on the HP. A cylindrical hole of hole of diameter 20 mm is drilled right through the cone. The axis of the hole is perpendicular to the VP and meets the axis of the cone at 15 mm above the base of the cone. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the cone with hole. 24. A cone of base diameter 30 mm and axis length 50 mm rests on its base on its base on the HP. A square slot of diagonal 16 mm is drilled right through the cone with one

diagonal coinciding with the axis of the cone. The axis of the slot is perpendicular to the VP and meets the axis of the cone at 15 mm above the base of the cone. Draw the development of the cone with the square cut out.

DEVELOPMENT OF LATERAL SURFACE OF INTERSECTING SOLIDS PRISM AND CYLINDER 25. A hexagonal prism of base edge 20 mm and height 60 mm rests on one of its ends on the HP with two rectangular faces parallel to the VP. It is penetrated by a cylinder of diameter 24 mm and axis length 70 mm. The axis of the solids bisects each other at right angles. The axis of the cylinder is parallel to the VP. Draw the development of the lateral surfaces of the two intersecting solids. 26. A pentagonal prism of base edge 25 mm rests on one of its ends on the ground with one

of its rectangular faces parallel to the VP and farther away from it. A horizontal cylinder of base diameter 30 mm and axis length 90 mm penetrates the prism. The axis of the solid bisects each other at right angles and both the axes are parallel to the VP. Draw the development of the lateral surfaces of the two intersecting solids. CYLINDER AND CYLINDERS 10.a. A right circular cylinder of diameter 50 mm and height 90 mm which is resting on its base on the HP is completely penetrated by another horizontal cylinder of diameter 40 mm and 90 mm long, such that their axes bisect each other at right angle and are parallel to the VP. Draw the development of the lateral surface of the two intersecting cylinders. 10.b. A horizontal cylinder of diameters 40 mm and axis length 90 mm penetrates into a vertical cylinder of diameter 60 mm and axis length 80 mm. The axes of the cylinders bisect each other at right angles. .