Sei sulla pagina 1di 8

Name

Section

Biology Vocabulary
Cell Crossword Puzzle
1 2 3

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Puzzle 2011 Robert Prior

Across 3 a cell that can perform a specic function (2 words) 5 a cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles, each surrounded by a thin membrane 6 a theory that all living things are made up of one or more cells, that cells are the basic unit of life, and that all cells come from pre-existing cells (2 words) 7 one of two genetically identical, new cells that result from the division of one parent cell (2 words) 9 the process of producing offspring from only one parent; the production of offspring that are genetically identical to the parent (2 words) 11 the material in the nucleus of a cell that contains all of the cells genetic information 13 the amount of a substance present in a given volume of solution 15 the process of cancer cells breaking away from the original tumour and establishing another tumour elsewhere in the body 16 any environmental factor that causes cancer 17 one of two identical strands of DNA that make up a chromosome 18 a structure in the cell nucleus made up of a portion of the cells DNA, condensed into a structure that is visible under a light microscope Down 1 a tumour that does no affect surrounding tissues other than by physically crowding them (2 words) 2 the process of producing offspring by the fusion of two gametes; the reproduction of offspring that have genetic information from each parent (2 words) 4 the phase of the cell cycle during which the cell performs its normal functions and its genetic material is copied in preparation for cell division 8 a tumour that interferes with the functioning of surrounding cells; a cancerous tumour (2 words) 10 a test that involves taking a sample of cervical cells to determine if they are growing abnormally (2words)

12 the structure that holds chromatids together as chromosomes 14 a cell structure that performs a specic function for the cell

Denitions 2010 Nelson Education Ltd

Name

Section

Biology Vocabulary
Cell Crossword Puzzle Solution

15

B S P E C I A N I I N G T N E T R D A U G H T P M H O A S E X U A L R S R E P A C P C O N C E N T N E M E T A S T A S R T O C H R O M A T E C H R O M E
3 7 10 12 13 17 18

L I Z
5

C E

E R C

E P

R A I S

16

I D O S

M A L R D U C T I O N G N D N A N T O N T O T R U G M A C A R C I N O G E N U E R L O M E L E
11 14

S E X U A L R E P R O D U C T I O N

D C E L L K A R Y O T E L T H E O R Y L L
8

Puzzle 2011 Robert Prior

Across 3 a cell that can perform a specic function (specialized cell) 5 a cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles, each surrounded by a thin membrane (eukaryote) 6 a theory that all living things are made up of one or more cells, that cells are the basic unit of life, and that all cells come from pre-existing cells (celltheory) 7 one of two genetically identical, new cells that result from the division of one parent cell (daughter cell) 9 the process of producing offspring from only one parent; the production of offspring that are genetically identical to the parent (asexualreproduction) 11 the material in the nucleus of a cell that contains all of the cells genetic information (DNA) 13 the amount of a substance present in a given volume of solution (concentration) 15 the process of cancer cells breaking away from the original tumour and establishing another tumour elsewhere in the body (metastasis) 16 any environmental factor that causes cancer (carcinogen) 17 one of two identical strands of DNA that make up a chromosome (chromatid) 18 a structure in the cell nucleus made up of a portion of the cells DNA, condensed into a structure that is visible under a light microscope (chromosome) Down 1 a tumour that does no affect surrounding tissues other than by physically crowding them (benigntumour) 2 the process of producing offspring by the fusion of two gametes; the reproduction of offspring that have genetic information from each parent (sexualreproduction)

4 the phase of the cell cycle during which the cell performs its normal functions and its genetic material is copied in preparation for cell division (interphase) 8 a tumour that interferes with the functioning of surrounding cells; a cancerous tumour (malignanttumour) 10 a test that involves taking a sample of cervical cells to determine if they are growing abnormally (Paptest) 12 the structure that holds chromatids together as chromosomes (centromere) 14 a cell structure that performs a specic function for the cell (organelle)

Denitions 2010 Nelson Education Ltd

Name

Section

Biology Vocabulary
Word Search
U I E P F A U Y Y A E J V M U S C L E T I S S U E P D U O A H C Q W W M L Q M D M B A B S Q N L R R H I E R A R C H Y F U E U S S I T E V R E N A C H F W M E A S C L P E S N B F Z E D K H R H B X E M A N N O I T A R T N E C N O C G D L T U X P H G A N B T Q M H T M E L Y X J L X E K F L B E W M Q T D V S Q B Y M C S G R J E R I P I K A Q C P R I M R W O W M M I L S I T F U K K N I O I T I W B Y H D S B C Z J T G I F S A T A U L S X O Y E E G C Z Z L A O B A X C C M V A V S T G M P I I W C E N K A X B O J M L S G E C S P O N G Y M E S O P H Y L L P M Y E R G E P O A M E S T L J M S O A O F A D L S B M S F V C S O R G A N D E J E R R H E R H J P L Y L T U U C S I M D E R M A L T I S S U E S Y S T E M Q M C T O C N T I P P R H I S L T M I D O I P A C N A I E Q C Q F H I M V F Z J P C L S T E E O P F I E L O Z S U S O R P J U K C A L P R N Q R N P C N N F O Q C O M Y A L G Y H T A L R R T E K L H U F G C P C E P X Q A A B M E H O S N X E A N E S R L O R E N W H Z I S O D C A F R M F B A T L I H D U G N Q I L M S D I F N T E I U N A R O L L V S D U N C U R J U T Z N A P F L V I T R T T U O S F E D E S V P R I K A I C A G S C E L I E G D Y Z Z C M W A D L R T C O T A U E S S C C Y I S G C U L T E W T H E A R K C L E I P P E O F H L A A U A A L L E A M E Y T S T E X R E N C D U Z E U M O M O S L K F F R T G R L I D R T M O U H J L G R I L S R Q A W E U B Q S G R I M W T Q M C B F U S P N E O S I Y E O P T L D N O V A E A S C M R D M O E S T A F E Y I L M C A E C E A R S O A V P O R C D E V E E T G E Q L S V O E J F I I Q L L T J S I E D Y R R P V N A L D L D Y H U B S H T E I L P T V O R Q J A M L T C M E S R S M R V A E U E K A H E E C K R C C I T I L D E T Y G U P M V F X M K L L E C Y E U O I R P N O U G T P L L O D M T S L S E C C Y S I S E N I K O T Y C A U R T S U E L S X I T M S O E A N A Y B A O L S K I T E K F S R R I W W Y I F L I S I S E A T T T M C I U S F B T I Y W K T E U S C R S S U Y L G C H B T K A E Y L S S U U I F E E W A A T I H E E B E K I C E O F O H I V S A E Y U U P T T S S Y E X T S S T L M M G L T T T I K M Y R M Q Y L H C O S D T U R T C R O O T B S D E H S E S S E R V A Q M I N L N E Q O G Y W U F A O A I E X J F O R Y O K T X S L U T Y M S I M M C T M E O A A T W C C F M C N R T T Y M E E P Y R O C E N A N E B S I A B C T S A D I N R N N M E P C G U S K D S S B H S H S A R X M C C M B U N P H P Q M I D F A D C J I U G R R G J Z U S I Y A S S A Y K T U V T J T P Y A S P Y S E B O S N T Y H C I S B I E P P N M X O S T Q S S O C O K Y T O T D G E A Q G F T D I O X U B G P E A T H L D H S M M G T E E T R T V J O W J H B R I N C C R X A C Z E Y S O S C I L W E L A I A F P R E M E P C R N Y Q G A N O Z A K C E N T R O M E R E A R I F Q L G M R M P S K A M M N O I S U F F I D K H M E T S Y S S U O V R E N J O G P E A Z E C T X E E M K

Puzzle 2011 Robert Prior

tiny sac of air in the lungs that is surrounded by a network of capillaries; where gas exchange takes place between air and blood the third phase of mitosis, in which the centromere splits and sister chromatids separate into daughter chromosomes, and each moves towards opposite ends of the cell undifferentiated cells at the tips of plant roots and shoots; cells that divide, enabling the plant to grow longer and develop specialized tissues a thick-walled blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart the process of producing offspring from only one parent; the production of offspring that are genetically identical to the parent a tumour that does no affect surrounding tissues other than by physically crowding them the technology of using light energy to diagnose, monitor, and treat living cells and organisms a broad group of diseases that result in uncontrolled cell division a tiny, thin-walled blood vessel that enables the exchange of gases, nutrients, and wastes between the blood and the body tissues any environmental factor that causes cancer the three stages through which a cell passes as it grows and divides a theory that all living things are made up of one or more cells, that cells are the basic unit of life, and that all cells come from pre-existing cells the process by which a cell becomes specialized to perform a specic function the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and the spinal cord the structure that holds chromatids together as chromosomes one of two identical strands of DNA that make up a chromosome a structure in the cell nucleus made up of a portion of the cells DNA, condensed into a structure that is visible under a light microscope the organ system that is made up of the heart, the blood, and the blood vessels; the system that transports oxygen and nutrients throughout the body and carries away wastes the amount of a substance present in a given volume of solution a specialized tissue that provides support and protection for various parts of the body a layer of wax on the upper and lower surfaces of a leaf that blocks the diffusion of water and gases the stage in the cell cycle when the cytoplasm divides to form two identical cells; the nal part of cell division one of two genetically identical, new cells that result from the division of one parent cell the tissues covering the outer surface of the plant a transport mechanism for moving chemicals into and out of the cell, from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration the organ system that is made up of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder; the system that takes in, breaks up, and digests food and then excretes the waste the material in the nucleus of a cell that contains all of the cells genetic information a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity pattern of the heart through its beat cycle a thin layer of cells covering all non-woody surfaces of a plant a thin sheet of tightly packed cells that covers body surfaces and lines internal organs and body cavities a cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles, each surrounded by a thin membrane all plant tissues other than those that make up the dermal and vascular tissue systems one of a pair of special cells in the epidermis that surround and control the opening and closing of each stomate an organizational structure, with more complex or important things at the top and simpler or less important things below the phase of the cell cycle during which the cell performs its normal functions and its genetic material is copied in preparation for cell division

undifferentiated cells under the bark in the stems and roots of woody plants; cells that divide, enabling the plant to grow wider and develop specialized tissues in the stem a tumour that interferes with the functioning of surrounding cells; a cancerous tumour an undifferentiated plant cell that can divide and differentiate to form specialized cells the second stage of mitosis, in which the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell the process of cancer cells breaking away from the original tumour and establishing another tumour elsewhere in the body the stage of the cell cycle in which the DNA in the nucleus is divided; the rst part of cell division a group of specialized tissues containing proteins that can contract and enable the body to move the organ system that is made up of bones and skeletal muscle; the system that supports the body, protects delicate organs, and makes movement possible a random change in the DNA specialized tissue that conducts electrical signals from one part of the body to another the organ system that is made up of the brain, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves; the system that senses the environment and coordinates appropriate responses a nerve cell a structure composed of different tissues working together to perform a complex body function a system of one or more organs and structures that work together to perform a major vital body function such as digestion or reproduction a cell structure that performs a specic function for the cell the movement of a uid, usually water, across a membrane toward an area of high solute concentration a layer of tall, closely packed cells containing chloroplasts, just below the upper surface of a leaf; a type of ground tissue a test that involves taking a sample of cervical cells to determine if they are growing abnormally tissue on the surface of a plant that produces bark on stems and roots the part of the nervous system consisting of the nerves that connect the body to the central nervous system vascular tissue in plants that transports dissolved food materials and hormones throughout the plant a cell that does not contain a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles the rst stage of mitosis, in which the chromosomes become visible and the nuclear membrane dissolves the organ system that is made up of the nose, mouth, trachea, bronchi, and lungs; the system that provide oxygen for the body and allows carbon dioxide to leave the body the system in a owering plant, fern, or conifer that anchors the plant, absorbs water and minerals, and stores food the process of producing offspring by the fusion of two gametes; the reproduction of offspring that have genetic information from each parent the system in a owering plant that is specialized to conduct photosynthesis and reproduce sexually; it consists of the leaf, the ower, and the stem a cell that can perform a specic function a region of loosely packed cells containing chloroplasts, in the middle of a leaf; a type of ground tissue an opening in the surface of a leaf that allows the exchange of gases the nal phase of mitosis, in which the chromatids unwind and a nuclear membrane reforms around the chromosomes at each end of the cell a collection of similar cells that perform a particular, but limited, function a mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any obvious function in the body a blood vessel that returns blood to the heart vascular tissue in plants that transports water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the leaves and stems of the plant

Denitions 2010 Nelson Education Ltd

Name

Section

Biology Vocabulary
Word Search Solution
U I E P F A U Y Y A E J V M U S C L E T I S S U E P D U O A H C Q W W M L Q M D M B A B S Q N L R R H I E R A R C H Y F U E U S S I T E V R E N A C H F W M E A S C L P E S N B F Z E D K H R H B X E M A N N O I T A R T N E C N O C G D L T U X P H G A N B T Q M H T M E L Y X J L X E K F L B E W M Q T D V S Q B Y M C S G R J E R I P I K A Q C P R I M R W O W M M I L S I T F U K K N I O I T I W B Y H D S B C Z J T G I F S A T A U L S X O Y E E G C Z Z L A O B A X C C M V A V S T G M P I I W C E N K A X B O J M L S G E C S P O N G Y M E S O P H Y L L P M Y E R G E P O A M E S T L J M S O A O F A D L S B M S F V C S O R G A N D E J E R R H E R H J P L Y L T U U C S I M D E R M A L T I S S U E S Y S T E M Q M C T O C N T I P P R H I S L T M I D O I P A C N A I E Q C Q F H I M V F Z J P C L S T E E O P F I E L O Z S U S O R P J U K C A L P R N Q R N P C N N F O Q C O M Y A L G Y H T A L R R T E K L H U F G C P C E P X Q A A B M E H O S N X E A N E S R L O R E N W H Z I S O D C A F R M F B A T L I H D U G N Q I L M S D I F N T E I U N A R O L L V S D U N C U R J U T Z N A P F L V I T R T T U O S F E D E S V P R I K A I C A G S C E L I E G D Y Z Z C M W A D L R T C O T A U E S S C C Y I S G C U L T E W T H E A R K C L E I P P E O F H L A A U A A L L E A M E Y T S T E X R E N C D U Z E U M O M O S L K F F R T G R L I D R T M O U H J L G R I L S R Q A W E U B Q S G R I M W T Q M C B F U S P N E O S I Y E O P T L D N O V A E A S C M R D M O E S T A F E Y I L M C A E C E A R S O A V P O R C D E V E E T G E Q L S V O E J F I I Q L L T J S I E D Y R R P V N A L D L D Y H U B S H T E I L P T V O R Q J A M L T C M E S R S M R V A E U E K A H E E C K R C C I T I L D E T Y G U P M V F X M K L L E C Y E U O I R P N O U G T P L L O D M T S L S E C C Y S I S E N I K O T Y C A U R T S U E L S X I T M S O E A N A Y B A O L S K I T E K F S R R I W W Y I F L I S I S E A T T T M C I U S F B T I Y W K T E U S C R S S U Y L G C H B T K A E Y L S S U U I F E E W A A T I H E E B E K I C E O F O H I V S A E Y U U P T T S S Y E X T S S T L M M G L T T T I K M Y R M Q Y L H C O S D T U R T C R O O T B S D E H S E S S E R V A Q M I N L N E Q O G Y W U F A O A I E X J F O R Y O K T X S L U T Y M S I M M C T M E O A A T W C C F M C N R T T Y M E E P Y R O C E N A N E B S I A B C T S A D I N R N N M E P C G U S K D S S B H S H S A R X M C C M B U N P H P Q M I D F A D C J I U G R R G J Z U S I Y A S S A Y K T U V T J T P Y A S P Y S E B O S N T Y H C I S B I E P P N M X O S T Q S S O C O K Y T O T D G E A Q G F T D I O X U B G P E A T H L D H S M M G T E E T R T V J O W J H B R I N C C R X A C Z E Y S O S C I L W E L A I A F P R E M E P C R N Y Q G A N O Z A K C E N T R O M E R E A R I F Q L G M R M P S K A M M N O I S U F F I D K H M E T S Y S S U O V R E N J O G P E A Z E C T X E E M K

Puzzle 2011 Robert Prior

tiny sac of air in the lungs that is surrounded by a network of capillaries; where gas exchange takes place between air and blood (alveolus) the third phase of mitosis, in which the centromere splits and sister chromatids separate into daughter chromosomes, and each moves towards opposite ends of the cell (anaphase) undifferentiated cells at the tips of plant roots and shoots; cells that divide, enabling the plant to grow longer and develop specialized tissues (apical meristem) a thick-walled blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart (artery) the process of producing offspring from only one parent; the production of offspring that are genetically identical to the parent (asexual reproduction) a tumour that does no affect surrounding tissues other than by physically crowding them (benign tumour) the technology of using light energy to diagnose, monitor, and treat living cells and organisms (biophotonics) a broad group of diseases that result in uncontrolled cell division (cancer) a tiny, thin-walled blood vessel that enables eht xchange of gases, nutrients, and wastes between the blood and the body tissues (capillary) any environmental factor that causes cancer (carcinogen) the three stages through which a cell passes as it grows and divides (cell cycle) a theory that all living things are made up of one or more cells, that cells are the basic unit of life, and that all cells come from pre-existing cells (cell theory) the process by which a cell becomes specialized to perform a specic function (cellulardifferentiation) the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and the spinal cord (central nervous system) the structure that holds chromatids together as chromosomes (centromere) one of two identical strands of DNA that make up a chromosome (chromatid) a structure in the cell nucleus made up of a portion of the cells DNA, condensed into a structure that is visible under a light microscope (chromosome) the organ system that is made up of the heart, the blood, and the blood vessels; the system that transports oxygen and nutrients throughout the body and carries away wastes (circulatory system) the amount of a substance present in a given volume of solution (concentration) a specialized tissue that provides support and protection for various parts of the body (connective tissue) a layer of wax on the upper and lower surfaces of a leaf that blocks the diffusion of water and gases (cuticle) the stage in the cell cycle when the cytoplasm divides to form two identical cells; the nal part of cell division (cytokinesis) one of two genetically identical, new cells that result from the division of one parent cell (daughter cell) the tissues covering the outer surface of the plant (dermal tissue system) a transport mechanism for moving chemicals into and out of the cell, from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration (diffusion) the organ system that is made up of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder; the system that takes in, breaks up, and digests food and then excretes the waste (digestive system) the material in the nucleus of a cell that contains all of the cells genetic information (DNA) a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity pattern of the heart through its beat cycle (electrocardiogram) a thin layer of cells covering all non-woody surfaces of a plant (epidermal tissue) a thin sheet of tightly packed cells that covers body surfaces and lines internal organs and body cavities (epithelial tissue) a cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles, each surrounded by a thin membrane (eukaryote) all plant tissues other than those that make up the dermal and vascular tissue systems (ground tissue system) one of a pair of special cells in the epidermis that surround and control the opening and closing of each stomate (guard cell) an organizational structure, with more complex or important things at the top and simpler or less important things below (hierarchy) the phase of the cell cycle during which the cell performs its normal functions and its genetic material is copied in preparation for cell division (interphase)

undifferentiated cells under the bark in the stems and roots of woody plants; cells that divide, enabling the plant to grow wider and develop specialized tissues in the stem (lateral meristem) a tumour that interferes with the functioning of surrounding cells; a cancerous tumour (malignant tumour) an undifferentiated plant cell that can divide and differentiate to form specialized cells (meristematic cell) the second stage of mitosis, in which the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell (metaphase) the process of cancer cells breaking away from the original tumour and establishing another tumour elsewhere in the body (metastasis) the stage of the cell cycle in which the DNA in the nucleus is divided; the rst part of cell division (mitosis) a group of specialized tissues containing proteins that can contract and enable the body to move (muscle tissue) the organ system that is made up of bones and skeletal muscle; the system that supports the body, protects delicate organs, and makes movement possible (musculoskeletal system) a random change in the DNA (mutation) specialized tissue that conducts electrical signals from one part of the body to another (nerve tissue) the organ system that is made up of the brain, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves; the system that senses the environment and coordinates appropriate responses (nervous system) a nerve cell (neuron) a structure composed of different tissues working together to perform a complex body function (organ) a system of one or more organs and structures that work together to perform a major vital body function such as digestion or reproduction (organ system) a cell structure that performs a specic function for the cell (organelle) the movement of a uid, usually water, across a membrane toward an area of high solute concentration (osmosis) a layer of tall, closely packed cells containing chloroplasts, just below the upper surface of a leaf; a type of ground tissue (palisade layer) a test that involves taking a sample of cervical cells to determine if they are growing abnormally (Pap test) tissue on the surface of a plant that produces bark on stems and roots (peridermtissue) the part of the nervous system consisting of the nerves that connect the body to the central nervous system (peripheral nervous system) vascular tissue in plants that transports dissolved food materials and hormones throughout the plant (phloem) a cell that does not contain a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles (prokaryote) the rst stage of mitosis, in which the chromosomes become visible and the nuclear membrane dissolves (prophase) the organ system that is made up of the nose, mouth, trachea, bronchi, and lungs; the system that provide oxygen for the body and allows carbon dioxide to leave the body (respiratory system) the system in a owering plant, fern, or conifer that anchors the plant, absorbs water and minerals, and stores food (root system) the process of producing offspring by the fusion of two gametes; the reproduction of offspring that have genetic information from each parent (sexual reproduction) the system in a owering plant that is specialized to conduct photosynthesis and reproduce sexually; it consists of the leaf, the ower, and the stem (shoot system) a cell that can perform a specic function (specialized cell) a region of loosely packed cells containing chloroplasts, in the middle of a leaf; a type of ground tissue (spongy mesophyll) an opening in the surface of a leaf that allows the exchange of gases (stomate) the nal phase of mitosis, in which the chromatids unwind and a nuclear membrane reforms around the chromosomes at each end of the cell (telophase) a collection of similar cells that perform a particular, but limited, function (tissue) a mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any obvious function in the body (tumour) a blood vessel that returns blood to the heart (vein) vascular tissue in plants that transports water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the leaves and stems of the plant (xylem)

Denitions 2010 Nelson Education Ltd