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# ID.No./Seat No.

MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAMSHORO. FIRST TERM FINAL YEAR (7TH TERM) B.E.(ELECTRICAL) REGULAR EXAMINATION 2009 OF 06-BATCH. POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS Dated: 18-05-2009. Q.No. 1 Calculate the symmetrical components of the following set of unbalanced currents analytically and graphically. Ia = 100 300 Ib = 60 3000 Ic = 30 1900 The one line diagram of an unloaded power system is shown in figure 1.Q.2. The reactances of the two sections of transmission line are shown in the diagram. The generators and transformers are rated as follows: Generator 1 : 20 MVA 13.8 kV X = 0.20 p.u Generator 2 : 30 MVA 18 kV X = 0.20 p.u Generator 3 : 30 MVA 20 kV X = 0.25 p.u Transformer 1 : 25 MVA 13.8 /220Y kV X = 0.12 p.u Transformer 2 : 30 MVA 18 /220Y kV X = 0.12 p.u Transformer 3 : 35 MVA 22Y/220Y kV X = 0.10 p.u Choose a base of 50 MVA, 13.8 kV for generator 1 circuit and draw impedance diagram of the power system. Mark the letters to indicate the points corresponding to the one line diagram. Time Allowed: 03 Hours. Max.Marks-80.
NOTE. ATTEMPT ANY FIVE QUESTIONS. ALL QUESTIONS CARRY EQUAL MARKS.

Discuss the symmetrical component theory. Derive relation between phase voltages and their symmetrical components and vice-versa.

4. (a) Define per unit values. What are advantages of using per unit values. Derive expression for base impedance from the chosen KVA and KV base values. (b) Three generators A, B and C are connected to a common bus.

Generator KVA rating Voltage KV Reactance X % A 7500 11 10 B 1250 11 10 C 1750 11 10 Calculate per unit reactances of all three generators on a common 15 MVA base. Contd on P/-2

(-2-)
5. (a) Derive an expression for the fault current for a single line to ground fault at the terminal of an alternator. (b) A solidly grounded generator, rated 10 MVA, 13.8 KV has X = X2 = 15% and X0=6%

is operating at rated voltage and is disconnected from the rest of the system. Calculate the fault current in Amperes for a single line to ground fault at generator terminals. What will be change in fault current for the same fault if neutral is grounded through a reactor of 0.3
6. A simple power system is shown in figure 2.Q.6. A fault occurs at the mid point of the transmission line. Find the per unit fault current for the following faults (a) Single Line to Ground (b) Line to Line (c) Double Line to Ground.

Reactances in per unit on a common MVA base are tabulated below. Generator is grounded through a reactance of j0.06 p.u. and motor is solidly grounded. Item Positive Seq. Negative Seq. Zero seq. Generator 0.30 0.22 0.05 Motor 0.25 0.18 0.06 Transformer T1 0.10 0.10 0.10 Transformer T2 0.10 0.10 0.10 Line 0.15 0.15 0.45

7.

For a load flow solution, the per unit line admittances are Bus code Admittance 12 2 j 7.0 13 1 l 4.5 23 0.6 j 2.6 24 1 j 4.1 34 2 j 7.0 The Schedule for per unit active and reactive power is Bus code P Q V Remarks 1 1.05 Slack 2 0.5 0.2 100 PQ 3 0.4 0.3 100 PQ 4 0.6 0.2 100 PQ Find the bus admittance matrix and determine the voltage at all buses after first iteration of Gauss Seidal method

8. (a) Define Stability, steady state stability limit and transient-state stability limit. (b) Derive an expression for the steady-state power limit of a transmission line of resistance R and reactance X ohms per phase. If voltages at sending and receiving ends are equal and the reactance of transmission line can be varied with resistance remaining constant then the maximum steady-state power can be transmitted over the line is greatest when X = 3 R. -----------------THE END---------------