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Abstract of the 2011 Survey on Family Health

National Statistics Office, Manila


I. Abstract Chairperson Carmelita Ericta of the National Statistics Office (NSO) spearheaded the 2011 Survey on Family Health of the Philippines. According to Chairperson Ericta, the Philippine government focuses on overall health status of Filipinos. Up to date data on maternal and child health , family planning and other health related concerns are important tools for an objective assessment of programs and projects being implemented nationwide. These information are useful for formulating health programs and policies. Thus, this 2011 Family Health Survey , as a tool, was conducted among Filipino families to address the health care scenario both in the rural and urban areas of the country as well as to successfully implement the Aquino Health Agenda (AHA) and its requirements to bring about the effective and efficient delivery of health care as an essential services for Filipinos.2011 FHS, NSO.
The

survey result would likewise determine or reveal the following:

1. Fertility rate among rural and urban women; 2. Family Planning practices among educated and less educated women ; 3. Maternal and child health and the health services available to them.

II.

Objectives of the Study: This survey was designed to provide up-to-date information on fertility, family planning practice, selected maternal and child health, and key health indicators in the country for the use of the government in assessing the progress of its programs on population and health. Among the specific objectives are the following : 1. To determine the current level of unmet need for family planning; 2. To measure the percentage of births where mothers and their children are subject to elevated risks of morbidity and mortality; 3. To determine the frequency and timing of the ante-natal care visits and the services provided during such visits;

III.

Research Design and Methodology: The 2011 FHS used the sample survey to gather data representative of the country and its administrative regions. The data was gathered from three (3) regions, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao where a stratified, 3 stage cluster sampling design was employed. Survey forms were distributed nationwide with the questionnaires translated into 6 major dialects namely: Bicol, Cagayan, Cebuano , Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Tagalog and Waray. Respondents from Luzon comprises a big chunk of the interviewees (58.1%) percentage of the total respondents while Metro Manila got the highest from the youngest age group,(15-19) years old, (20.1%). The smallest number of respondent was aged 45-49 (10.2%), 49.7% of the women were currently legally married and another 11.8% were living in union but not legally married.

Respondents who were single or never married comprised just over 34.4% . Divorce or separated women constituted 2.6% of the total, those widowed was just below 2% of women interviewed.

IV.

Survey Results The first part of the survey revealed the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), Age Specific Fertility Rate (ASFR) and general Fertility Rates (GFR) of the Philippines by urbanrural residences. (Table 2.1). On the average, Filipino women would bear an average of 3.1 children in her lifetime, if fertility were to remain constant at the rates recorded during the survey. Fertility is considerably higher in rural areas (3.6 per woman) than in the urban areas (2.7 per woman per children), a pattern that is evident at every age group. 3.6 3.1 2.7

Total

Urban

Rural

Figure 1. Total Fertility Rate, by Urban-Rural Residence, Philippines: 2011

The Family Planning Program of the government seeks to reduce mistimed pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies and high risk births by assisting couples with the

means to control their fertility. The success of which is provided by the level of the current use of contraceptive methods. The contraceptive prevalence rate from 2011 FHS (48.9%) is lower than that recorded in the 2006 (50.6%). Table 3.1 showed the prevalence rate for traditional methods which decreased by 2.8 percent age points, from 14.8 percent in 2006 to 12.0 percent in 2011. The prevalence rate of modern methods was roughly constant (35.9 percent in 2006 and 36.9 percent in 2011).
50.7 48.9

25.5
25.2

36.9

12.0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2011

Total

Modern

Traditional

Figure 2. Trend on Contraceptive Use among Currently married women 15-49 years, Philippines: 1995-2011

The last part of the survey presents findings on important areas in maternal and child health, namely: antenatal, postnatal and delivery care, childhood vaccination and common childhood illnesses and their treatment. Table 4.1 shows the Per Cent distribution of women of reproductive age with youngest surviving children 0-59 months of age by age group. About 7 Million 15-49 had at least one surviving child below age 5. Meanwhile, childhood mortality continues to decline in the Philippines. The infant mortality rate for the 5 years before the survey is 22 births per 1,000 live births and the under 5 mortality rate is 30 deaths per 1,000 live births. This is lower than the rates of 25 and 34 reported in 2008 respectively.

64 48 38 40

35

29

24

25

32

34

22

30

Infant mortality rate 1993 NDS 1998 NDHS 2003 NDHS

Under-five mortality rate 2006 FPS 2008 NDHS 2011 FHS

Figure3. Number of deaths of children under five per 1,000 live births, 2011

V.

Conclusion and Recommendations: The 1987 Constitution provides the right of families or family association to participate in the planning and implementation of policies and programs that affect them(Art.XV,Sec.3,no.4). It is in this context that the government, thru the Department of Health has implemented a variety of programs and services aimed at improving child and maternal health through a strategy involving provision of health services to women during pregnancy and child birth while promoting family planning services at the same time. The results of the 2011 survey on Family Health would aid the governments policy makers as to how to address the problem on the delivery of health services to the rural folks and poor families. The devolution of the public health and Local Government authorities brought new challenges to those local governments taking into consideration the resources and the leadership needed to implement and monitor these programs.

VI.

Bibliography : 1993 National Demographic Survey 1998 National Demographic Health Survey 2003 National Demographic Health Survey 2006 Family Planning Survey 2011 Family Health Survey