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ENGLISH WRITTEN TEST 8th GRADE LEVEL V

Read the following text carefully.

Physical Activity and good nutrition


Chronic diseases account for 7 of every 10 U.S. deaths and for more than 60% of medical care expenditures. In addition, the prolonged illness and disability associated with many chronic diseases decrease quality of life for millions of Americans. Much of the chronic disease burden is preventable. Physical inactivity and unhealthy eating contribute to obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Together, they are responsible for at least 300,000 deaths each year. Only tobacco use causes more preventable deaths in the United States. Regular physical activity substantially reduces the risk of dying of coronary heart disease, the nations leading cause of death, and decreases the risk for many diseases and high blood pressure. It also helps to control weight and contributes to healthy bones, muscles, and joints. Moreover, physical activity need not be strenuous to be beneficial; people of all ages benefit from moderate physical activity, such as 30 minutes of brisk walking five or more times a week. Despite the proven benefits of physical activity, more than 60% of American adults do not get enough physical activity to provide health benefits. More than 25% are not active at all in their leisure time. But, insufficient physical activity is not limited to adults. More than a third of young people in grades 912 do not regularly engage in vigorous physical activity. The Critical Role of Healthy Eating We now know that good nutrition lowers the risk for many chronic diseases. Americans are slowly adopting healthier diets, but a large gap remains between recommended dietary patterns and what Americans actually eat. Poor eating habits are often established during childhood. More than 60% of young people eat too much fat, and less than 20% eat the recommended five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day. I A. Decide whether these statements are true or false. Correct the false ones. 1. Chronic illnesses increase the quality of life. 2. Most health problems can be avoided. 3. Physical activity contributes to heart attacks. 4. Physical exercise should be done by everyone. 5. Young people generally have a poor diet.

B. Match the words on the left with the right equivalent or explanation on the right.
1.disease (l.1) 2.inactivity (l.5) 3.reduces (l.9) 4.strenuous (l.13) 5.engage (l.20) 6.vigorous (l.20) 7.gap (l.24) 8.servings (l.29) a.big difference b.keep interest c.using a lot of energy and determination d.illness e.makes smaller f.needing great effort g.the fact that someone is not doing anything h.the amount of food that is enough for one person

C. Find opposites for the following words 1. Together (l. 7) 2. Responsible (l. 7) 3. Decrease (l. 10) 4. High (l. 11) 5. Strenuous (l. 13) 6. Benefit (l. 16) 7. Active (l. 18) 8. Slowly (l. 24) D. Answer these questions with complete sentences 1. Physical activity and good nutrition are the basis of a good health. Explain this statement. 2. Why is so beneficial to do physical exercise? 3. What do you do to exercise your body? 4. Do you belong to a fitness club? Why? / Why not? 5. Mention at least ten activities you could do in your free time to keep fit. 6. What are the best foods / drinks to include in your meals and which ones should be avoided? II A. Complete the table with the correct preposition. Noun Preposition Solution Reduction Lack Trouble Reaction damage B. Complete with one of the noun + preposition combination above. 1. There is a ______________ interest in this subject. They feel unmotivated. 2. His _______________ the nutritional above. 3. I can buy the coat now. There was a great _____________ the price. 4. I cant find a ______________ my problem. C. Complete with the Past Perfect or Past Simple of the verbs in brackets 1. I ________ (be) tired because I __________ (work) very hard. 2. We ______ (have) lunch in a restaurant yesterday because ________ (not buy) anything to eat.

3. They _______ (lose) the game because they ___________ (not practise) enough before. 4. He _______ (get) home and _______ (find) that someone _______ (break) into his house. 5. I ______ (meet) a friend in the shopping centre that I ________ (not see) for ages. 6. ____ you _____ (eat) anything before you ______ (go) to the football match? 7. My sister ______ (eat) all cake that our mother _________ (bake). 8. The waiter ______ (bring) a drink that she __________ (not order). D. Complete with the Present Perfect Simple 1. Andrea __________ (not leave) her room yet. 2. _____ he ever ______ (fly) to Japan? 3. They ______ just _________ (forget) their keys. 4. _______ you __________ (exercise) a lot lately? 5. She _____ never ______ (be) in a hospital. 6. We __________ (not do) aerobics since we were 20. 7. I ______ already ________ (catch) in a bad cold. 8. She _______ (know) several doctors for two months. III A. Write a dialogue between you and a friend of yours where you discuss the measures that school must create to improve students healthy eating habits and their physical condition. Each one must speak at least 6 times.