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SISTEMA DE COMBUSTIBLE DIESEL DEL CAMION VOLVO FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS In the real system, some components are

independent, but others are within the PT fuel pump and are part of it. Now will be described the function separately for each component, starting from the fuel tank to get to the injectors. in This way you can study the whole system and establish the relationship between the components.

and injection nozzles, fuel for diesel engines must be clean. Precautions should be taken so that the fuel put into the tank is free of foreign bodies, including water. the system Fuel filters have a number of, sometimes, starting with a filler wire in the tank and, the last, is another small filter mesh in the injector. The filters should be considered as a protection components for fuel injection and not only as an means therein. for removing contaminants

FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS In the real system, some components are independent, but others are within the PT fuel pump and are part of it. Now will be described the function separately for each component, starting from the fuel tank to get to the injectors. in This way you can study the whole system and establish the relationship between the components. FUEL FILTERS Because such small gaps that exist in the pump

FILTERING The need to use very fine filters are appreciated to have into account the clearances between the moving parts of equipment fuel injection. The clearance between the barrel and plunger the injection pump is between 2 and 4 microns. The filter efficiency is in relation with the size of their openings and the quantity of particles retained. The size of openings in the maximum particle size that can pass

by the element, the larger size particles are retained. Besides retaining solid particles, filters also prevent the passage of water through the system. The water can not be disintegrate into tiny particles therefore is retained in the filter. AIR CONTROL VALVE FUEL The air control valve of fuel used in turbocharged engines to restrict flow and fuel pressure during acceleration. The AFC limits the amount of fuel supplied to the injectors in accordance with the amount of sending the turbocharger air. Flow control and pressure fuel injectors, in this way, produces better combustion, lower fuel consumption and less black smoke in the exhaust and more torque (torque) at low speed during acceleration. Actually, the AFC is in the upper cover pump. Basically consists of a small housing in which there is a and

controlled by a diaphragm piston which slides within a barrel. A side of the cover is connected by a tube to the manifold air, so that the diaphragm responsive to pressure changes in manifold. The fuel flows from the gas system to the AFC before passing through the stop valve. The AFC has two channels: one them is by a needle valve "without air" and the other by the barrel to more Beyond the piston. The passages is determined by fuel flow

pressure in the intake manifold air and its effect on the diaphragm of the AFC. During starting, idling, always light-load or that the speed of the turbocharger and the pressure in the air manifold are low AFC spring acting against the diaphragm, holding the plunger so as to prevent the passage of fuel per barrel of AFC Under these conditions, the only fuel to the injectors is the amount that goes around the needle valve "without air". When the pressure in the air manifold, it is transmitted

the pressure side of the diaphragm of AFC, this spring overcomes the force of AFC and causes the piston to move in the barrel. This leaves discovered the holes in the barrel to let the fuel passing through the plunger and the barrel until the stop valve and injectors. As the pressure continues to rise in the intake manifold air, diaphragm and piston move further, thereby discovering in shape greater surface progressive perforations. It lets more fuel, all restrictions are removed and you will reach the condition "With full air" that allows unrestricted flow with open throttle complete with full load

- Sets of nozzles - Injection Tubes - Injection nozzles - Fuel Filters - Fuel line - Level sensors - Water separator filters - Fuel tanks - Solenoid valves - Drain Taps - Food pumps - Overflow Valves - Temperature Sensors - Purge Valves - Fuel tank tops - Tie Straps