Sei sulla pagina 1di 1

10

The urine of diabetics is wonderfully sweet as if imbued with honey or sugar. Thomas Willis (1621-1675), physician to King Charles II, England

Risk factor: diabetes


Lifestyle changes can be more effective than drugs in preventing type 2 diabetes.
GREENLAND (DK)

Prevalence of diabetes
ICELAND
FINLAND SWEDEN NORWAY ESTONIA UNITED KINGDOM DENMARK IRELAND NETH. BELGIUM LUX. FRANCE SWITZ. S. MARINO CROATIA ANDORRA MONACO ITALY PORTUGAL SPAIN GREECE MALTA GERMANY POLAND CZECH UKRAINE REPUBLIC SLOVAKIA AUSTRIA SLOVENIA HUNGARY ROMANIA BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA BELARUS LATVIA LITHUANIA RUSSIAN FED.

Percentage of people aged 20 and above with diabetes 2000 15% and above 10%14.9% 5%9.9% below 5% no data

Top 5 largest numbers of people aged 20 and above with diabetes 2000

Diabetes is a risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke, and is the most common cause of amputation that is not the result of an accident. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and used by the body to regulate glucose (sugar). Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or cannot use it properly, leading to too much sugar in the blood. Symptoms include thirst, excessive urination, tiredness, and unexplained weight loss. There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, in which the pancreas stops making insulin, accounts for 10% to 15% of cases. The majority of people with diabetes have type 2 disease, in which insulin is produced in smaller amounts than needed, or is not properly effective. This form is preventable, because it is related to physical inactivity, excess calorie intake and obesity. People with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections to lower blood sugar, but many people with type 2 do not. At least half of all people with diabetes are unaware of their condition. Diabetes is more prevalent in developed countries, but modernization and lifestyle changes are likely to result in a future epidemic of diabetes in developing countries.

REP. MOLDOVA

SERBIA & BULGARIA MONTENEGRO

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

ALBANIA FYR MACEDONIA

C A N A D A

io

17

U S A
MOROCCO

TURKEY CYPRUS LEBANON ISRAEL

JORDAN BAHAMAS

IRAQ
BAHRAIN

IRA N
BHUTAN

ill io

TUNISIA

UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN AR AZERBAIJAN ME TURKMENISTAN NI TAJIKISTAN A SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC ISL . RE P. AFGHANISTAN GEORGIA

.7

DPR KOREA REP. KOREA

ill

JAPAN

C H I N A

6. 8
MARSHALL ISLANDS
KIRIBATI

MEXICO

CUBA DOMINICAN REP. HAITI ST KITTS & NEVIS

NEPAL
QATAR UAE

20

ALGERIA

LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA

.7

KUWAIT

PAKISTAN

m
NAURU
TUVALU

MONGOLIA

EGYPT

INDIA
BANGLADESH MYANMAR

EL SALVADOR NICARAGUA COSTA RICA

ST VINCENT & GRENADINES GRENADA

31 .

DOMINICA ST LUCIA BARBADOS TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

CAPE VERDE

ill

GUATEMALA

JAMAICA BELIZE HONDURAS

SAUDI ARABIA

ill

io

KAZAKHSTAN

n n
LAO PDR THAILAND PHILIPPINES CAMBODIA SRI LANKA BRUNEI DAR. MALAYSIA SINGAPORE
MICRONESIA, FED. STATES OF

io

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA

MAURITANIA SENEGAL GAMBIA

MALI NIGER
BURKINA FASO CTE DIVOIRE ERITREA YEMEN DJIBOUTI

OMAN

VIET NAM
VANUATU

FIJI

NIUE

SAMOA COOK ISLANDS

CHAD NIGERIA

SUDAN

GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA SIERRA LEONE LIBERIA

COLOMBIA

FRENCH GUIANA (Fr)

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC UGANDA

EQUATORIAL CAMEROON GUINEA SAO TOME & PRINCIPE GABON CONGO

ECUADOR

KENYA

SO

MA

ETHIOPIA

LIA

PANAMA

VENEZUELA

GUYANA SURINAME

GHANA TOGO BENIN

TONGA

MALDIVES

PALAU

io

DEM. REP. CONGO

RWANDA BURUNDI UNITED REP. TANZANIA

SEYCHELLES

I N D O N E S I A

COMOROS MALAWI

ZAMBIA

Over 1 70 millio n peop in the le have d world iab and thetes, number e s are increa sing.

BOLIVIA
NAMIBIA

MADAGASCAR
ZIMBABWE BOTSWANA MAURITIUS

CHILE

PARAGUAY

MOZAMBIQUE

8.

BRAZIL

PERU ANGOLA

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

ill

SOLOMON ISLANDS

SOUTH AFRICA
URUGUAY

SWAZILAND LESOTHO

A USTR A LIA

Diabetes prevalence and trends


Percentage of people aged 20 and above with diabetes 2000 and 2030 projected 6.4% 6.3% 8.4%
NEW ZEALAND

ARGENTINA

ges chan , e l y t Lifes hildhood althy in c ar unhe ise l c exer rticu in pa and low ng to an i diets are lead alence v , s e l r e p g es lev n i s a abet incre ype 2 di n. of t childre in

6.0%

4.6% 4.1%

2000 world

2030

2000 2030 developed countries

2000 2030 developing countries

38

39