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hlarcos G. Castello Braiico Eniilio Abud Filho

c' P q D / Tele 1) r 6,s Rodovia C'aiiipinas-Mogi Mirim, Km. 118,.5 13088-OB0 - C'ampiiias - S.Paulo - Brazil

Luiz Costa d a Silva

Rua Marquks de S5o Vicente, 225 22453-900 - Rio de Janeiro - R . J . - Brazil

A wide semi-flare angle linearly tapered corrugated horn, with eight axial slots, has been developed for use in single offset antelinas for VSAT earth statioiis with low cro~,s-polarizatioii peak levels from 10.7 GHz to 14.8 GHz. Tlie iiiode-iiiatcliiiig techniques [1],[2] have been siiccessfully applied t o the horn return loss and radiation pattern prediction and 1 he critical effects of the ridges and output flange thicknesses have been verified.


Single Offset Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) antelilia configurations require wide flarcb aiigle lioriis with very low cross-polarizatioii level, coiiipatible with dual baiirl operation (traiisiiiil and receive) for satellite coiiiiiiunicatioii purpose. ( 'ross-polarization peak levels lower thaii -20 dB. relative to t h e iiiaiii beam co-polar gain, are very difficult t o achieve specially for wide baiidwitlths and low VSVJR designs. For these cases, single or dual depth corrugated horiis with shaped profiles have been coiiinionly used. increasing aiiteiiiia feed weight and ilianufact uriiig

This paper presents ii wide I<u band (10.7 t o 14.8 G H z ) 3.5' semi-flare angle single depth corrugatecl liorii with cross-polarization peak levels lower tliaii -26 dB and a ieturii loss bettei tliaii 23 dB. Section 2 discusses the iiiecliaiiical anti electrical design aspects including horn geometry ailcl tlieorectical iiiodeliiig. Esperiiiieiital a n d thtorectical results are presented in section 3 and section 1 coiitaiiis the main conclusions.

Design considerat ions

Tlie liorii design, as shown in figure I, using ti axial slots with relatively thick ridges in a linear profile, provided considerable manufacturing time and cost rrcluc tioii aiid a greatest iiiecliaiiical coinpactliess aiid robustness with iiiiiiimuiii electrical feat ures degradatioii whei,i compared with shaped profile taper horns with very thin ridges [3]. Because of the thick axial ridges. a special mode-matching model has been iiiiplenieiitetl based on tecliiiiques developed for conventional and ring loaded corrugated structures [117[2].

0-7803-2674-1/95/S4.00 0 1995 IEEE.


SBMO/iEEE h4TT-S IM(3C'95 Proceedings

The iiiipleiiieiited iiiodel, t h a t approximated each inclined ridge edge by three smooth waveguide sections instead of one. for the mode-matching techiiiclues application, is ilustrated in figure '2. Its efficiency is demolistrated in the C O ancl Cros5-pOhr pattern aiialysis shown iii figure 3 for 10.7 G H z , where the three waveguide section iiiodel (11) is compared with the one section iiiorlel ( a ) aiicl with the experimental iesults. Diffeieiices greater than 5 dB lietween the crosspolar peak level predictioiis for the two iiiodels Inay be juqtified by corrugation slot lengths inaccuracies due to the horn wide semi-flare angle and ridge thickness (apros. 1.5 m n i ) .

Experimental results

Two different horn prototypes have been manufactured foi esperiiiiental evaluation (see figure
1). The first one, s h o ~ i in i fiquie l a . contained a thick (alnimt 11 nim) output aperture flange foi a flat poliester radome fixing. The second one. ilustrated in figure l h , had the flange thickness reduced t o almo4t one ridge dimeniioii. This second option , a5 shown in figure 4, allowed a

significant reduction of the cross-polar effects due t o the aperture flange edge currents. In this case, iadome shoulcl have a c u p shape and he fixed 111 the flange external face. Prot otypes ineasuieiiients were peiforined in an anechoic chamber and u 4 n g an HP-X.5lOB iietworl, analyser setup. Figure :3 coiitaiiis the theorectical and experinieiital results of the horn returii loss in tlie full 10.7 G H z t o 14.8 GHz hand. The CO and cross-polar patterns of the second horn prototype. relative t o the 45" plane. are presented 111 figures G( a ) aiicl G ( b ) , iespectively for frequeiicie5 of 12.7.5 GHz and 14.8GHz, ieinforcing the quite good theorectical predictions and very low cross-polarization peak levels (better than -26 d B ) .


A Iiu h i i d axially corrugated wide flaie angle horn lias been developed t o be used in siiigle offset antennas for VSAT applications. T h e design resulted in a low cost compact horn with return loss aiitl cross-polarization levels adequate t o the intended applicatioiis. The mode- matching techniques were adequately apphed t o the thick ridges aiialysis ant1 sucessfully reproduced the esperiniental results of tlie horn return loss (better t h a n 23dB) and cross-polar peak levels (l~elow-2GrlB ) in a 32% bandwiclth (froni 10.7 GHz t o 14.8 G H z ) .

[l] - James, G.L., aiicl Thomas, B.hI.,1982. "TE11 t o HE11 cyliiidrical wa.veguide mode coiiverters usiiig riiig-loa.ded slot,s", IEEE Tra,ns.. MTT-30: pa.ges 278-28.5.
['2] - da. Silva,,L.C. - "Coupling structures hetween srnoot.11 a,iid corrugated wa.veguicle feeds" -

In t,eriia1 Report : C ET U C' - U - X0 1- Nj. C' ET l i


/ PIT C' ( C.! a.tliolic TT iiiv . of R .J )-

Feb 1980:.

- Iiubn. E. a,iid Hoiiilmch, V . - " a.iia.lysis of corruga.t,ed horns with axial or ring-loa.ded radia.1 s1ot.s" - ICL4P/19P3.



Figure I: %Vide flare angle, Iiu band corrugated horn prototypes: PVith ( a ) and without ( b ) thick output flange

Figure 2: Asially corrugated horii ridge iiiodels f0r hI .iClatch. analysis: a ) Mean value iiiterllal radius ridge : b ) Thee circular waveguide sections

Figure 3: Horn ridge models results








Figure 4: Thick flange effect in t h e horn q i e r t u r e a t 10.7 G H Z









Figure 5 : Three c.wg. sections model Return Loss results


Figure G: Three c.wg. sections model pattern results at: a ) 12.7.5 GHz aid b ) 14.8 GHz,

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