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GV350 Theories and Problems of Nationalism

This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teachers responsible Professor John Breuilly, Dr John Hutchinson and others Availability Optional for BSc Government, BSc Government and Economics, BSc Government and History, BSc International Relations, BSc International Relations and History, BSc Politics and Philosophy, BSc Social Policy and Sociology, BSc Social Policy with Government and BSc Sociology. Also available to General Course students. Pre-requisites Students should have completed a suitable course in Anthropology, Sociology, Political Science, International Relations or History. Government students should have completed GV101 Introduction to Political Science. Course content Investigations into various problems of nationalism and nation-states in their historical, sociological and international aspects, and a consideration of the main theories of their origins and diffusion in Europe and the wider world. The aspects considered cover three main areas: 1. Theories of nationalism and ethnicity, including primordialist, ethno-symbolic, modernist and post-modernist approaches. 2. The historical development of various kinds of nations, nation-states and nationalisms from pre-modern Europe to the global present. 3. Nationalism and the international system, including problems of sovereignty, secession and self-determination; the European Union, globalisation and religious fundamentalism. Teaching 20 Lectures GV350 (MT, LT) given by Professor John Breuilly, Dr John Hutchinson. These are supported by weekly classes following the lectures with revision classes in the ST. Indicative reading E Kedourie, Nationalism, Hutchinson, 1960; E Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, Blackwell, 2006; H Kohn, The Idea of Nationalism, Transaction, 2005; H SetonWatson, Nations and States, Methuen, 1977; B Anderson, Imagined Communities,

Verso Books, 1983/1991; J Mayall, Nationalism and International Society, Cambridge University Press, 1990; E Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780, Cambridge University Press, 1990; A D Smith, National Identity, Penguin, 1991; J Breuilly, Nationalism and the State, Manchester University Press, 2nd edn, 1993; J Hutchinson, Nations as Zones of Conflict, Sage, 2004; W Connor, Ethno-Nationalism: The Quest for Understanding, Princeton University Press, 1994; J Hutchinson & A D Smith (Eds), Nationalism, Oxford University Press, 1994; J Hutchinson & A D Smith (Eds), Ethnicity, Oxford University Press, 1996; A Hastings, The Construction of Nationhood, Cambridge University Press, 1997; A D Smith, Nationalism and Modernism, Routledge, 1998, M Hechter, Containing Nationalism, Oxford University Press 2000; Jonathan Hearn, Rethinking Nationalism: a critical introduction, Palgrave, 2006. Assessment A three-hour unseen written examination in the ST with three questions to be answered.

IR302 The Ethics of War


This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Dr K Dalacoura, CLM. D412 Availability Course intended primarily for BSc International Relations and BSc International Relations and History 3rd year. NB: As this course will not be available in 2011/12, in 2010/11 it will also be available to BSc IR and BSc IR and History 2nd year students. Pre-requisites Background in international relations, political science or philosophy is a pre-requisite. Course content The course examines the development of the just war tradition and the ways in which it has influenced, and it has been influenced by, the conduct of war. The beginnings of the ethical tradition: Christian thought, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. The realist and pacifist challenges to the ethics of war. A detailed examination of jus ad bellum and jus in bello principles. The ethics of nuclear deterrence. Guerrilla warfare and terrorism. Gender and war. Issues of guilt, responsibility and justice. Just war and Islam. Case studies: World War II, Chechnya, Kosovo, Algeria. Teaching

Lectures: IR302, weekly for 17 weeks, MT (weeks 1-10 inclusive) and LT (weeks 1-7 inclusive). Classes: IR302.A, weekly for 16 weeks, plus two revision classes, commencing week 3 of MT. Four compulsory video showings. Formative coursework Four essays of approximately 1,500 words and at least one class presentation. Indicative reading Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, Basic Books, 3rd edn, 2000; Gordon Graham, Ethics and International Relations, Blackwell, 1997; B. Coppieters and N. Fotion (eds). Moral Constraints on War: Principles and Cases, Lanham, Lexington Books, 2002. A detailed reading list is distributed. Assessment ST, formal examination, three hours, four questions chosen from 12.

IR304 The Politics of International Economic Relations


This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Dr M Eagleton-Pierce, CLM. D615 Availability Course intended primarily for BSc International Relations, BSc International Relations and History and BSc Management. Students from other degree programmes will be admitted by permission of the Course Coordinator, including BSc Economic History and BSc Economics. Pre-requisites Students should normally have completed EH101 or EC100. Course content The economic factor in foreign policy; the development of thought about the relationship between international politics and the international economy. Power and politics in international economic relations. Major approaches in international political economy: economic nationalism, laissez faire, marxism and comparative political economy. The political economy of money, trade, economic security and development since 1944. Current debates: economic sanctions,

environmental protection, regionalism, capital market integration, the role of non-state actors, globalisation and the retreat of the state. Teaching 15 weekly lectures (IR304) commencing in week one of the MT and 20 weekly classes (IR304.A) commencing in week three of the MT, plus two revision classes. Five lectures on Introduction to Economics (IR304.1). Formative coursework Students deliver class papers and write four essays of a maximum length of 1,500 words each. Indicative reading Basic references are: D Baldwin, Economic Statecraft; R Heilbronner, The Worldly Philosophers; S Strange, States and Markets; J Frieden & D Lake, International Political Economy; J Ravenhill, Global Political Economy; A Walter & G Sen, Analyzing the Global Political Economy. A detailed reading list will be given at the beginning of the course. Assessment A three-hour written examination in ST, four questions chosen from 12.

IR305 Not available in 2010/11 Strategic Aspects of International Relations


This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Professor C Coker, CLM. D511 Availability For BSc Environmental Policy, BSc Environmental Policy with Economics, BSc International Relations, BSc International Relations and History and General Course students. Also open to students from other University of London institutions by arrangement with the teacher. Course content Analyses various perspectives on strategy and war, the way war is conducted by states and within states and focuses on the way different cultures understand strategic outcomes. The attempt to humanise war; the rise of humanitarian war; the western way of warfare;

non-western ways of war, including Asian/Middle East; asymmetrical warfare; the Revolution in Military Affairs; Clausewitz and the western way of warfare; war in the developing world; war and genocide, terrorism, nuclear proliferation and crime; the end of war thesis. The discussion classes combine a discussion of these topics with their application by states in the international system. Teaching There will be a series of 15 lectures (IR305) running through MT and LT. 15 weekly classes will be arranged, commencing in week three of MT followed by two revision classes. The classes are compulsory. Students will be expected to contribute to class discussions and present papers each week. Formative coursework Students will be required to write four essays (c. 1,500 words each) in the course of the year, in MT and LT. Indicative reading Daniel Pick, The War Machine; Martin van Creveld, War and Technology; Charles Gray, Post-Modern War; Martin van Creveld, On Future War; John Keegan, A History of Warfare. Assessment An unseen, three-hour examination in the ST (100%).

IR306 Not available in 2010/11 Sovereignty, Rights and Justice: Issues in IPT
This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teachers responsible Professor C J Brown, CLM. D410 and members of the Department Availability Third year Option for BSc International Relations, BSc International Relations and History, BSc Environmental Policy and BSc Environmental Policy with Economics. Available as an outside option. Course content

Combines insights and concepts from political theory and international relations theory, and focuses on modern debates on sovereignty, the rights of states, individuals and peoples, and international justice. The cosmopolitan-communitarian debate; sovereignty and the norm of nonintervention; the contemporary international human rights regime; the rights of peoples; the politics of humanitarian intervention (with case studies); justice in classical international thought; global social justice. Further details will be provided at the start of the session. Teaching 20 weekly lectures (IR306) commencing in week one of MT and 19 weekly classes (IR306.A) commencing week two of MT, plus two revision classes in ST. Formative coursework Students will write four essays, maximum length of 1,500 words each during the year, and to introduce class discussions. Indicative reading A detailed list of references will be provided: Widely used books include: C Brown, Sovereignty, Rights and Justice (Polity, 2002); T Dunne & N J Wheeler (Eds), Human Rights in Global Politics (CUP, 1999); N J Wheeler, Saving Strangers (OUP, 2000); C R Beitz (Ed), International Ethics (Princeton, 1985). Assessment A formal three-hour written examination (100%).

IR308 Systemic Change in the Twentieth Century: Theories of the Cold War
This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Dr J Kent, CLM. D407 Availability For 3rd year BSc International Relations, BSc International Relations and History and General Course students and as an outside option for 2nd and 3rd year students. Course content

The course examines the nature of the Cold War system, the theories of its origins, causes and consequences, its relationship to systemic change and the reasons for its end. The course will provide a general analytical overview of the nature of and debates on the Cold War system and why it has been confused with all aspects of Soviet-American relations between the end of the Second World War and the collapse of the Soviet Union. The nature and significance of the systemic changes which its onset and sudden end produced will be analysed. And from a regional and systemic perspective the course will attempt to provide explanations of how the Cold War was fought in different time periods and how the goals changed. There will be coverage of how the Cold War has been explained in the literature and of how the Cold War explains the nature of the literature on great power relations after World War II. Emphasis will be given to the changing nature of the relationship between Cold War and Hot War and their respective military requirements. There will be coverage of how domestic requirements, regional problems and international developments interacted within the Cold War system. And there will be an examination of the distinguishing characteristics of the Cold War world and the nature of the international systems which preceded and followed it. Teaching 15 lectures commencing week one of MT (IR308) and 20 classes (IR308.A), plus one revision class, commencing in week two of MT. Formative coursework Students are expected to write four essays, each of a maximum length of 1,500 words, during the course of the year. Indicative reading R L Garthoff, The Great Transition American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War (1994); Scott Lucas, Freedom's War The US Crusade Against the Soviet Union 1945-1956 (1999); W La Feber, America, Russia and the Cold War 1945-1996 (8th edn, 1997); Richard N Lebow & Thomas Risse-Kappen, International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War (1995); J Young & J Kent, Global Politics: A History of International Relations since 1945 (2004); Saki Ruth Dockrill, The End of the Cold War Era (2005); Odd Arne Westad, The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times (2005); Steven Hurst, Cold War US Foreign Policy: Key Perspectives (2005); Kenneth Osgood, Total Cold War: Eisenhowers Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad (2006); Archie Brown, Seven Years that Changed the World: Perestroika in Perspective (2007), Vladislav Zubok, A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev (2007), Sarah Jane Corke, US Covert Operations and Cold War Strategy: Truman, Secret Warfare and the CIA 1945-53 (2007). Assessment A three-hour unseen written examination divided into two sections with students required to answer questions from both sections.

IR309 International Security


This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Professor B Buzan, CLM. D611 Availability Primarily intended for BSc International Relations 3rd year. Also available for BSc International Relations and History. General Course students may take the course with the permission of the Teacher responsible. Pre-requisites Background in International Relations is a prerequisite. Course content The aim of the course is to give students a thorough introduction to the literature on international security, both theoretical and policy-orientated. The concept of international security itself is featured as an alternative lens to power as a way of looking at the study of international relations. The main approach is through the work of the Copenhagen school of security studies, which means that the following themes are strongly emphasised: the salience of levels of analysis (individual, national, regional, global) in thinking about international security; the use of sectors to understand the new (or liberal) international security agenda (military, political, economic, societal, environmental); and the understanding of security agendas not only in material terms (balancing, bandwagoning), but as socially constructed through the processes of securitisation and desecuritisation. The course will start with theory, but then work its way towards an extensive empirical look at both 'unipolarity' and regional security as ways of understanding the contemporary agenda of international security. The course is divided into five sections each covering a specific theme. Weeks 1-4 introduce the literature of security studies and how it has evolved, the concept of security and the debates around it, and the concept of securitisation central to the Copenhagen school's constructivist approach. Weeks 5-7 explore levels of analysis and the tensions among them, and give particular attention to the regional level by way of setting up weeks 14-19. Weeks 8-11 cover sectors and the development of a 'new' security agenda. Weeks 12-13 take a polarity approach to understanding international security at the global level, and focus on the interplay between the dynamics of 'unipolarity' and the particularities of the US as the sole superpower. weeks 14-20 take a tour of most of the worlds major regions focusing on the specific security agendas that arise at that level, and how they interplay with the distribution of power at the global level. Teaching

There will be 18 one-hour lectures during Michaelmas and Lent terms and 18 classes starting in week three of MT, plus two revision classes. Formative coursework Students must write four essays of 1,500 words length and make class presentations. Indicative reading A full reading list will be provided at the beginning of the year. Key texts: There are some copies of these in the Library, but probably not enough for everyone to use at the same time. You should consider buying 2 or 3 of these books, or teaming up with someone else to do so in a sharing arrangement. Essential Barry Buzan, Ole Wver and Jaap de Wilde (1998), Security: A New Framework for Analysis, Boulder, CO.: Lynne Rienner, hereafter SANFFA. CC KZ5588 B99 [WEEK, 3 DAY AND SET TEXT] Barry Buzan and Ole Wver (2003), Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security, Cambridge University Press, hereafter RaP. JX1979 B99. Optional Barry Buzan (1991), People, States and Fear - 2nd Edition: An Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post Cold War Era, hereafter PSF [A useful introduction to think about international security, especially for those new to the subject]. CC UA10.5 B99 [3 DAY] Michael Sheehan (2005), International Security: An Analytical Survey, Boulder, CO.: Lynne Rienner [a more critical theory perspective on the topic]. JZ5588 S54 Peter Hough (2004), Understanding Global Security, London: Routledge [an introductory text for beginners]. JZ5595 H83 Lene Hansen (2006), Security as Practice: Discourse Analysis and the Bosnian War, London: Routledge [especially useful as a how to guide to using discourse analysis]. JZ1253.5 H24 Alan Collins (Ed) (2007), Contemporary Security Studies, Oxford UP. Assessment Formal, unseen three-hour, four question exam in the summer term (100%).

IR311 Europe's Institutional Order


This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Dr Karen E. Smith, CLM. D411

Availability Course intended primarily for BSc International Relations, BSc International Relations and History. Pre-requisites Background in International Relations desirable. Course content Examination and explanation of the development of Europes institutional order in the post-war era and its evolution since the end of the Cold War. Analysis of the importance of European organisations for both their member states and international relations in general. Theories of international institutions and regional integration. The importance of international organisations for European states. Development and evolution of European organisations including: the Council of Europe, NATO, the European Union, the Organisation of Security and Cooperation in Europe, Comecon, and the Warsaw Treaty Organisation. Enlargement of European regional organisations. Teaching There will be 19 weekly lectures (IR311), throughout the MT and into LT, and 19 weekly classes (IR311.A), starting in week 3 of the MT, plus two revision classes. Formative coursework Students are expected to write three essays of a maximum length of 1,500 words each to be set and marked by the class teachers. Indicative reading Useful introductions to the subject include: Clive Archer, Organizing Western Europe, 2nd ed. (Edward Arnold, 1994); Stuart Croft et al, The Enlargement of Europe (Manchester University Press, 1999); Desmond Dinan, Ever Closer Union? An Introduction to the European Union, 3rd ed. (Macmillan, 2005); Mette EilstrupSangiovanni, ed., Debates on European Integration: A Reader (Palgrave, 2006); Hugh Miall, Shaping the New Europe (Pinter, 1993); Peter Stirk & David Weigall, The Origins and Development of European Integration (Cassell, 1998); J de Wilde & H Wiberg (Eds), Organized Anarchy in Europe: The Role of Intergovernmental Organizations (Tauris, 1996). Assessment One 5,000-word long essay (25%), to be submitted by 5 p.m. on Monday, 14 March 2011. One three-hour written examination (75%) in the ST.

IR398 Dissertation
This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible Dr John Kent, CLM. D407 Availability Optional in year three for BSc International Relations students. Course content Candidates are required to submit a dissertation of 9-10,000 words, excluding bibliography, but including notes and any appendices and tables, by the beginning of May of their final year. The subject of the dissertation can be anything within the syllabus of the undergraduate degree in International Relations at the School. Candidates are required to submit the title of their dissertation for approval by the Course Co-ordinator before the last day of the Michaelmas Term of their third year. They are also required to submit to the Course Co-ordinator by the same deadline a brief plan and structure of how their proposed study will be carried out, including a select bibliography, of no more than 500 words. Classes The dissertation is unsupervised and must be entirely the candidate's own work. Before they choose to do a dissertation it is vital that candidates identify an interest in a particular field of study that they wish to explore in more depth. All teachers are permitted to give advice of a general and bibliographic nature on the chosen topic This is a learning experience where students are not expected to perform a number of specific weekly tasks set by a particular teacher. The Course Co-ordinator will hold one class at the end of the LT in the second year and one class early in the following MT on general approaches to dissertation writing. Candidates will be given guidance and on whom to consult for initial advice on reading material. Further classes in the form of workshops of no more than 5 students will be held at the end of MT and in the first half of LT. Their number will depend on numbers doing the course. Candidates will be expected to present and discuss their outlines for their particular dissertations at the workshops and receive guidance on referencing and avoiding plagiarism in particular. During the MT in the third year, handouts will be provided to all students registered for IR398. Supervision In no circumstances are teachers within the School or the wider university community, permitted to read or comment upon a draft of the dissertation or any part thereof. Advice may be given of a general nature through the Course Co-ordinator on points of difficulty that arise during its preparation. The dissertation should contain a coherent argument based on independent and critical analysis of a relevant body of theoretical or

empirical material. This may consist entirely of secondary literature. There is no requirement, and no special credit will be given, for the use of original material such as unpublished documents, archives, or personal interviews. Dissertations offer the chance to discover, and deal with, new and interesting material as in many fulfilling jobs. Students are encouraged to participate in this challenge, which assesses different skills from examinations, and to use the opportunity to enhance their knowledge in an area of particular interest to them. The aim is to develop the ability to make independent judgements and decisions on extracting and analysing the most important and relevant material. The outcome will be the provision of coherent, clearly argued answers to significant questions candidates identify in their particular topic. The final text should contain a full bibliography of utilised sources. Direct quotations from published or unpublished work must be fully referenced. Standard scholarly practice with regard to referencing the ideas of other scholars should be followed. The completed dissertation must be typed with double spacing on one side of the paper and with a wide left-hand margin. The pages must be numbered consecutively and adequately secured. The first page should contain the full title, the candidate's number (but not name), together with the rubric: 'BSc International Relations 2010/11. Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree.' All students must add on the cover page of their dissertation a declaration which is required for all work submitted as part of the formal assessment of degrees other than work produced under examination conditions, to the effect that they have read and understood the School's rules on plagiarism and assessment offences at http://www.lse.ac.uk/resources/calendar/academicRegulations/RegulationsOnAssessme ntOffences-Plagiarism.htm and that the work submitted is their own apart from properly referenced quotations.

Assessment Examiners of the dissertation look for a variety of skills and qualities such as: conceptual precision, skill in analysis and organisation of material, clarity of exposition, and capacity for logical reasoning. Examiners also attach weight to accuracy in English spelling, grammar, and punctuation. The dissertation must consist of not more than 10,000 words (including footnotes or endnotes, tables and appendices but excluding bibliography, contents page and, where relevant, a list of acronyms). A penalty will be applied if students exceed the word limit by more than 100 words. For each incremental 200 words, or part thereof, over 10,100 words, 1 mark will be deducted. Dissertations in excess of 10,700 words will not be accepted. Presentation The dissertation must be handed in to room D612 by 5pm on Tuesday 10 May 2011. Penalties for the late submission of course work.

(i) Where a course includes course work as part of its assessment, the LSE requires that all students must be given clear written instructions on what is required and the deadline for its submission; (ii) if a student believes that s/he has good cause not to meet the deadline (e.g. illness), s/he should first discuss the matter with his/her tutor or Course Coordinator and seek a formal extension from the Chair of the Examination Sub-Board. Normally extensions will only be granted where there is a good reason backed by supporting evidence (e.g. medical certificate); (iii) if a student misses the deadline for submission but believes that s/he has good cause which could not have been alerted in advance s/he should first discuss the matter with his/her academic adviser or the Course Coordinator and seek a formal extension; (iv) any extension should be confirmed in writing to the student; (v) if a student fails to submit by the set deadline (or the extended deadline as appropriate) the following penalty will apply: Five marks out of 100 will be deducted for a Dissertation submitted within 24 hours of the deadline and a further five marks will be deducted for each subsequent 24-hour period (working days only) until the Dissertation is submitted.

LL242 International Protection of Human Rights


This information is for the 2010/11 session. Teacher responsible To be confirmed Availability This is an optional course for LLB Parts I and II and BA Anthropology and Law, BSc International Relations students and other Bachelor's degrees as regulations permit. Numbers of those admitted will be restricted. Pre-requisites Students need to have already taken and done well in a course in Public International Law or in Civil Liberties Law. Course content Comprehensive study of the expanding international law of human rights and protection mechanisms, both at a universal and regional level. The course is divided in two parts. The first part deals with conceptual issues, namely:

definitions of human rights, including theories of human rights and universality and relativism; the role of international law in the protection of human rights; the system of international protection of human rights; the role of non-discrimination, human rights as absolute or qualified rights; minorities and indigenous groups; the prohibition of genocide; human rights and national security; human rights and humanitarian law; social and cultural rights; and globalization and human rights. The second part is devoted to a study of specific rights, drawing largely upon the case law of the European Convention, the American Convention and the African Charter as well as the UN Covenants. Among the rights examined through the case law are the right to life; fair trial; prohibition of torture, inhuman and degrading treatment; privacy and family life; and the fundamental freedoms. Teaching This course is taught by one hour weekly lecture (LL242) 10 in MT, nine in LT; and tutorial classes (Group A, Group B, and Group C); supplemented by writing requirements and consultation on these. Indicative reading A detailed reading list is provided. Assessment A three hour formal examination in the ST, based on the syllabus in the MT and LT. There are usually 10 questions, of which four are to be answered. The paper comprises both essay and problem questions.