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Course List

Mechanics of Fluids, Engineering Mechanics, Experimental Methods and Analysis, Mechanics of Solids, Manufacturing Practices, Engineering Thermodynamics, Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines, Casting, Welding and Forming, Machining, Machine Tools and Metrology, Energy Conversion, Heat and Mass Transfer, Control Theory and Applications, Noise Engineering, Microprocessor Applications in Manufacturing, Production Management, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning, Turbo-machinery, Mechanical Vibrations, Internal Combustion Engines.

Mechanics of Fluids-Introduction. Definitions. Fluid properties: classification of fluids and flow regimes. Fluid statics: Stationary
fluids and liquids subjected to constant linear acceleration and to constant rotation. Fluid kinematics: Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions, pathlines, streaklines and streamlines, acceleration. Integral flow analysis: Reynolds transport theorem, conservation of mass/continuity equation and conservation of linear and angular momentum for a control volume in inertial and accelerating reference frames, energy equation, Bernoullis equation, engineering applications. Differential analysis of flow: Continuity and Navier-Stokes equations. Dimensional analysis and Similitude theory. Inviscid flows: Irrotational flow, circulation, velocity potential and applications. Viscous flows in pipes and ducts. External viscous flows: concept of boundary layer, momentum integral equation, drag and lift, separation. Fluid machinery: Introduction and classification of machines, types of hydraulic turbines and pumps and their performance characteristics, turbomachinery analysis and velocity triangles, cavitation, NPSH concept, similarity rules, applications.

Engineering Mechanics-Laws of mechanics, equivalent force systems and equations of equilibrium, Internal forces in

structures and beams, friction and its applications, Kinematics of point mass and rigid body, Center of mass, System of particles, Inertia tensor, Dynamics of rigid bodies, Eulers equations of motion, Impulse-momentum, Work-energy methods with applications, Principle of virtual work and stability.

Experimental Methods and Analysis-(a) Experimental Analysis: measurements and errors, internal and external estimates
of errors, statistical analysis, accuracy and precision, best estimate, accuracy of the mean, significant digits, methods of least squares, curve fitting, linear regression, comparison and combination of measurements, extensions least square method. Theory of errors, Gaussian distribution, confidence limits, significance test, and goodness of fit.

(b) Instrumentation: Principle of measurements, Basic elements of measurement device, various types of measurement systems, standards and calibration, Dynamic characteristics of first and second order instruments, Transducers. (c) Experimental Devices: displacement measurement dial gauge, optical method pneumatic transducer, variable resistance, inductance and capacitance transducer, Seismic devices for motion measurement. Principle of planimeter, Strain and stress measurements, Force and torque measurements, various types of load cells and their applications.

Mechanics of Solids-Introduction, Definition of stress, Equations of equilibrium, Principal stress, Maximum shear stress, Plane
stress, Concept of strain, Strain displacement relations, Principal strains, Plane strain, Constitutive relations, Uniaxial tension test, Idealized stress-strain diagram, Isotropic linear elastic, viscoelastic and plastic materials, Uniaxial deformations, Thermal stresses, Torsion of shafts, Bending and shear of beams, Energy methods, Fracture, Deflection, Stability.

Manufacturing Practices-The objective of the course is to expose students to basics of manufacturing as it plays a direct role
in improvement of quality of human life and creating wealth for the nation. The second objective of the course is to expose students to hands-on practice with common manufacturing processes. It will cover: (i) importance of manufacturing, (ii) relation between materials and manufacturing, (iii) an overview of manufacturing processes, (iv) product manufacturing, (v) importance of product assembly and inspection, (vi) an overview of manufacturing planning, and (vii) manufacturing automation and computer aided manufacturing for industry.

Engineering Thermodynamics-Introduction to applications. Basic concepts and definitions system, boundary, equilibrium,

steady state and others. Thermodynamic properties of a pure substance saturated and other states. Work and heat definition and applications. 1st Law internal energy and enthalpy, applications to non-flow/closed and flow/open systems (SSSF and USUF), reacting systems and gas-vapor mixtures. 2nd Law corollaries, Clausius inequality, entropy. Introduction to availability, irreversibility and exergy. Carnot cycle. Basics of gas-vapor mixtures and reacting systems. Vapor power cycles Rankine cycle and its modifications. Air standard cycles Otto, Diesel, Brayton cycles. Vapor compression and absorption refrigeration cycles. Material deformation, electro-magnetics and other applications.

Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines-Kinematic pairs, diagram and inversion. Mobility and range of movements.
Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of planar linkages. Dimensional synthesis for motion, function and path generation. Cam profile synthesis. Gears dynamic force analysis, flywheel, inertia forces and their balancing for rotating and reciprocating machines. Hydrodynamic and boundary lubrication in journal and thrust bearings.

Casting, Welding and Forming-Study of metal casting processes; Study of welding and other joining processes; Study of
metal forming processes; Processing of plastics; Process planning and process analysis casting, welding and forming processes; Economic and quality issues in casting, welding and forming processes. Laboratory activities on study of bulk and sheet forming processes, dies and presses for forming, conventional and unconventional machining processes.

Machining, Machine Tools and Metrology-Introduction to machine tools and machining operations. Mechanics of metal

machining. Cutting forces, friction, cutting fluids and surface finish, lubrication, temperatures and heat transfer and its measurement, tool life and tool wear aspects. Theoretical models of shear angle solution, Basic concepts of cost and economics of metal cutting operations, Tool nomenclature, chip control and design for machining. Electrical discharge Machining, Electrochemical Machining, Ultrasonic machining, Abrasive Jet Machining, Laser Beam Machining, Water Jet and Electron Beam machining. Construction of Machine tools, alignment, metrology and inspection Energy Conversion-Overview of energy conversion technologies. Combustion and applications IC engines, burners, furnaces and components. Compressible flow fundamentals Mach number, normal shock, adiabatic 1-D flow through variable area passages. Turbo-machinery flow through a stationary and moving passage, velocity triangles, impulse and reaction principles, characteristics and components of axial and centrifugal turbo-machines. Refrigeration and airconditioning system analysis, components design, psychrometry, and air-conditioning calculations. Steam generation and its use power plants, co-generation, combined cycles. Steam and gas turbine construction and performance. Equipment studies and performance calculations in the laboratory will concurrently accompany lectures.

Heat and Mass Transfer-Modes of heat transfer in various applications. Conduction: Heat diffusion equation, 1-D steady state
conduction in extended surfaces, infinite and semi-infinite walls, heat generation, lumped capacitance and simple transient models. Convection: Forced and free convection - mass, momentum and energy conservation equations, non-dimensional numbers, hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, basics of heat transfer in external and internal laminar and turbulent flows, and use of co-relations. Boiling and condensation: physical phenomena and co-relations. Mass transfer Ficks law, similarity with convection and correlations. Radiation: properties, Laws, 3-surface network for diffusegray surfaces. Heat exchanger fundamentals and design.

Control Theory and Applications-Introduction to automatic controls. Modeling of flow, heat transfer and electrical,

pneumatic and vibration systems. Block diagram and transfer function.Modeling of continuous systems. Extraction of reduced order models. Transient and frequency response evaluation using Laplace transform. Characteristics of hydraulic controller, pneumatic, electronic controller, electro-hydraulic and electro-pneumatic controllers. PID control. Stability. Gain and phase margins.Control system design using root and compensation. Application to Machine tool, Boiler, Engine Governing, Aerospace, Active vibration control, etc. Auto-tuning. Sequence control, Logic diagram. Introduction to digital control, Implementation using computer. Introduction to control of MIMO systems. State Space modeling. Practicals include studies on hydraulic, pneumatics, electronic controller. Control of various parameters such as speed, temperature, level, pressure, etc. Tutorials for control problems in these areas using MATLAB.

Noise Engineering-Fundamentals of vibrations, vibrations of strings and bars, Vibrations of membranes and plates. Acoustic

wave equation, Acoustic energy and sound intensity. Propagation of sound, Concept of Acoustic impedance.Sound power transmission, Transmission Loss. Human Response and ratings, Various Measures of Sound. Weighting filters, Loudness, Indices of Loudness. Acoustic radiation from spherical source and piston source. Acoustic sensors. Measuring Techniques and Instruments, Octave Filtering, Sound Intensity Measurement, Intensity Mapping. Different types of measurement environment and uses. Response of beam subjected to an accoustic plane wave. Transmission loss of panels. Sound absorption coefficient. Noise control measures in building. Reverberation time and auditorium design. Industrial Noise control, Noise in Machinery, Traffic Noise, Vehicle Noise. Design of silencers and mufflers. Active noise control.Duct noise control and cabin noise control. Practicals on noise measurements in different situations.

Microprocessor Applications in Manufacturing- Review of manufacturing and need and integration of microprocessor
applications. Digital electronics review: number system, gates, flip-flops, counters, registers, tri-state concept, TTL and CMOS circuits, memories, op-amps, comparators, etc. Microprocessors: Microprocessor architecture and computer systems, timing diagrams and machine cycles, interrupts, instruction set, memory and I/O interfacing, programming techniques, PPI, Timer/Counters, Serial Interfacing and communications, Interfacing to keyboards and displays, Standard busses. Microcontrollers and their applications, 8051 architecture and instruction set. Microprocessor based measurement and control: D/A and A/D conversion, data acquisition systems, optical interrupters and couplers, incremental encoders, interfacing of motors and transducers, open loop and closed loop systems, PID control, motion control and robotics. Case studies of applications in process and discrete manufacturing.

Production Management- The generalized model of a production system. Financial evaluation of new product polices. Profit

Volume Charts, Risk analysis, Product mix decisions, Location and layout analysis, Product, process and cellular layouts, Demand forecasting, Aggregate production planning, Materials planning, MRP and inventory management, scheduling in job and flow shops.

Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning- Revision of fundamentals. Applications. Environmental issues. Vapor compression

system: Ideal and real cycle analyses, design and optimization. Refrigerants: designation, properties, environmental considerations. Advanced vapor compression cycles, part-load operation. Gas cycle refrigeration. Components: condensers, evaporators, compressors and expansion devices construction, operation and performance. Vapor absorption cycles: operation, system design, components. Psychrometry: definitions, heating, cooling, humidification and dehumidification processes, evaporative cooling systems. Environmental comfort specifications and standards. Cooling load estimation and use of standards. Airconditioning systems and apparatus, air flow ducts, air quality. Control and optimization of HVAC systems.

Turbo-machinery- Revision of fundamentals. Types of turbomachines and their applications. Dimensional analysis and

performance parameters. Cascade theory: types of cascades, flow and geometric parameters, boundary layer development. Wind tunnels: types, designs, construction features and instrumentation. Axial flow turbines, axial flow compressors, propellers, centrifugal fans, blowers and compressors fluid flow, types of blading, velocity triangles, diffusers and nozzles, pressure change, multi-staging, stall, enthalpy entropy diagram, efficiency, acoustics, applications. Wind turbines types, analysis, site, atmospheric aspects. Solar plant turbines: principles, construction features and performance. Future trends. Mechanical Vibrations- Vibration of single degree of freedom (SDF) system. Modelling of stiffness and damping (both Viscous and Coulomb). Estimation of damping by decay plots and half power method. Impulse, transient and forced vibration response of SDF system. Theory and practice of vibration isolation. Vibration measuring instrurments. Two degree freedom system. Application to undamped and damped absorbers. Multi-degree freedom systems. Modal analysis. Rayleighs and Dunkerleys method. Holzers and Myklestad-Prohl transfer matrix methods. Continuous systems governed by wave equation and Euler Bernoulli equation. Free and forced vibrations including modal analysis. Finite element based dynamic analysis of simple systems. Introduction to modal testing and system identification problems. Industrial applications - rotors and other systems, balancing, vibration standards, vibration monitoring.

Internal Combustion Engines- Thermodynamics of fuel-air cycles, real cycles; Unburned and burned gas mixture charts;

Ignition, normal and abnormal combustion in SI and CI engines; Conventional and alternative fuels for engines; Conventional and electronic fuel management systems for SI and CI engines; Design of combustion chamber for SI and CI engines; Engine emissions; Lubrication; Cooling; Supercharging and Turbocharging; Modern developments in IC engines.