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Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

Dual preamplifier with ALC

BA3308 / BA3308F

The BA3308 and BA3308F are dual preamplifier ICs with built-in ALC circuits, and have been designed for use in stereo radio-cassette recorders and tape recorders. They come in compact 9-pin SIP (BA3308) and 14-pin MF (BA3308F) packages, and have two record / playback preamplifiers, and an ALC circuit. The preamplifiers have high gain and low distortion, and can be directly coupled to the tape head without coupling capacitors. This prevents tape head magnetization and ìpopî noise generation. A built-in rectifier means that an ALC circuit with good channel balance and large dynamic range can be constructed with addition of just an external time constant circuit. The ICs also include power-on mute circuits that suppress ìpopî noise generation.

!!!!Applications Stereo radio cassette recorders, cassette decks and home stereo systems and music centers

!!!!Features 1) Built-in ALC rectifier diode. 2) Wide operating power supply voltage range (VCC=6.0V to 14V) 3) Low current dissipation (IQ=3.5mV) 4) High gain (GVO=80dB) 5) Low distortion (THD=0.1%) 6) Low noise (VNIN=1µVrms) 7) Input coupling capacitors and not necessary. 8) Good ALC channel balance. 9) Power-on mute circuit. 10) ALC dynamic range can be varied by the addition of an external input resistor.

!!!!Absolute maximum ratings (Ta=25°C)

Parameter

Symbol

Limits

Unit

Power supply voltage

VCC

16

V

 

BA3308

 

950 1

 

Power dissipation

BA3308F

Pd

450

2

mW

Operating temperature

Topr

25 to +75

°C

Storage temperature

Tstg

55 to +125

°C

1 Reduced by 9.5mW for each increase in Ta of 1°C over 25°C. 2 Reduced by 4.5mW for each increase in Ta of 1°C over 25°C (when mounted on a 70mm × 70mm × 1.6mm glass epoxy board).

!!!!Recommended operating conditions (Ta=25°C)

Parameter

Symbol

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

Power supply voltage

VCC

6.0

14

V

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

!!!!Block diagram

BA3308 MUTE − − ch1 ch2 + + ALC 123456789 BA3308F 1 14 N.C. 2
BA3308
MUTE
ch1
ch2
+
+
ALC
123456789
BA3308F
1
14
N.C.
2
+
13
N.C.
3
12
N.C.
ALC
4
11
5
10
Vcc
+
N.C.
6
9
7
8
N.C.
NF1
INPUT1
OUTPUT1
GND
ALC
V
CC
OUTPUT2
INPUT2
NF2

!!!!Electrical characteristics (unless otherwise noted, Ta=25°C, VCC=7.0V, f=1kHz and BPF: 20Hz20kHz)

Parameter

Symbol

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

Conditions

Quiescent current

IQ

1.5

3.5

4.5

mA

VIN=0Vrms

Open loop voltage gain

GVO

70

80

dB

VOUT=−10dBV

Total harmonic distortion

THD

0.1

0.3

%

NAB34dB, VOUT=40mVrms

Input resistance

RIN

15

25

45

k

Maximum output voltage

VOM

0.6

1.2

Vrms

THD=1%

Input conversion noise voltage

         

Conversion with Rg=2.2kand

VNIN

1.0

2.0

µVrms

NAB34dB at 1kHz

ALC range

ALC

40

45

 

dB

RG=3.9k, VIN=−70dBV

reference, THD=3%

ALC channel balance

ALC

0

2.5

dB

VIN=−60dBV, 30dBV

Channel separation

CS

60

75

dB

VO=0dBV, NAB34dB

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

!!!!Measurement circuit

MUTE ch1 ch2 ALC 123456789 SW5 0.1µF 0.1µF SW4A 1.2kΩ 1.2kΩ 2 VCC SW4B 2
MUTE
ch1
ch2
ALC
123456789
SW5
0.1µF
0.1µF
SW4A
1.2kΩ
1.2kΩ
2
VCC
SW4B
2
33kΩ
33kΩ
SW2A
SW3A
120kΩ
SW2B
SW3B
39Ω
1
120kΩ
1
39Ω
10µF
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT2
100µF
V
100µF
V
~
30kΩ
30kΩ
INPUT1
INPUT1
SW1A
3
V
V
1
1
~
~
V
SW6A
SW6B
3
V2
V2
SW1B
V
V1
2
V1
~
~
2
10kΩ
10µF
3.9kΩ
2.2kΩ
1MΩ
22µF
220Ω
2.2kΩ
330µF
3.9kΩ
10kΩ
BA3308

!!!!Application example

Fig. 1

MUTE ch1 ch2 ALC 123456789 R8 R5 R6 220Ω 18kΩ 18kΩ VCC R4 R3 7V
MUTE
ch1
ch2
ALC
123456789
R8
R5
R6
220Ω
18kΩ
18kΩ
VCC
R4
R3
7V
C5
R2
3.9kΩ
39Ω
39Ω
10µF
C3
C5
C2
C4
10µF
10µF
100µF
100µF
INPUT1
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT2
INPUT2
R9 (R10)
R11 (R12)
120kΩ
4.3kΩ
For playback, instead of R5 and R6, connect
the following NAB time constant circuit
between pins 1 and 3 and 7 and 9.
R1
3.9kΩ
R7
1MΩ
C7
22µF
C8
330µF
C6
10µF
BA3308

C9 (R10)

0.027µF

Fig. 2

!!!!Application example circuit PCB (copper side)

BA3308 1pin
BA3308
1pin

Fig.3

(40×60mm)

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

!!!!Total application circuit

MIC

RADIO

etc.

220

9V 330µF L RA 1000µF 0.027µF CC CA 33µF 120kΩ 4.3kΩ 100µF 18kΩ 120Ω 470µF
9V
330µF
L
RA
1000µF
0.027µF
CC
CA
33µF
120kΩ
4.3kΩ
100µF
18kΩ
120Ω
470µF
47µF
4
1
10kΩ
2
2.2µF
1
6
7
3.9kΩ
5
3
3
2
CB
BA3308
2.2µF
BA5406
0.22µF
3.9kΩ
7
11
8
10
5
6
4
8
CB
9
10kΩ
9
12
470µF
47µF
2.2Ω
120Ω
39Ω
18kΩ
33µF
100µF
120kΩ
4.3kΩ
0.027µF
L
RA
BIAS
OSC
CC
CA
100µF
39Ω
22µF
1MΩ
10µF10µF
47µF
2.2Ω
0.22µF

SP

3

SP

3

Notes:

(1) Switches are in the playback positions. (2) Set the values of RA and CA depending on the characteristics of the playback/recording head. (3) The capacitor CB is for head resonance treble compensation during playback, and prevention of high-frequency noise. The recommended value is about 1000pF. (4) L and CC are a bias trap.

Fig. 4

!!!!Circuit operation (1) Recording 1) Recording amplifier (See Fig.5) The channel 1 and 2 amplifier input stages of the BA3308 (pins 8 and 2) and be direct-coupled, and the input coupling capacitors C1 and C2 are not particularly required. The voltage gain of the recording amplifier is given by GV = R5 / R3, but as a ìpopî noise is generated when power is applied, (see ìoperation notesî), use the time constant circuit values given for C3 and R3 (C4 and R4) in the application example circuit diagram, or values close to these, and adjust the voltage gain with R5 (R6). R5 (R6) is also the DC bias feedback resistor, and is connected between pin 3 (7), and the output capacitor C5 (C6). 2) ALC (See Fig.6) The BA3308 includes a signal rectifier block and electronic potentiometers required for the ALC. In the signal rectifier block, a comparator compares the DC output voltage component of the output stage signal (pins 3 and 7) to a voltage of 4.5VF (1VF is about 0.7V, so 4.5VF is approximately 3V), and if it is above this, the comparator switches on, and changes the smoothing capacitor C7. The operating point of the amplifierís ch1 and ch2 output stages is fixed at 3VF, so when the signal output voltage is 1.5VF (an effective value of approximately 0.75V), the comparator goes on, DC signals for electronic potentiometer control are generated, and the ALC starts operating. The electronic potentiometers are connected between the input lines (pins 2 and 8) and GND, and the input signals is attenuated by the ratio of the electronic potentiometer resistances and the external resistors R1 and R2. The range of the ALC can be varied by the values of R1 and R2, but if they are too large the S/N ratio will worsen. Sufficient ALC range should be obtained with R1 and R2 values of around several k ohms. C7 and R7 connected to pin 5 set the ALC attack and recovery times. The larger the values of these constants, the longer the recovery time, and the smaller the value of C7 the shorter the attack time.

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

(2) Playback (See Fig.7) During playback, the ch1 and ch2 amplifiers are used as NAB equalizer amplifiers, and time constant circuits are connected between pins 1 and 3, and 7 and 9 in the negative-feedback section to give the NAB characteristics. The voltage gain is given by:

GV = | R11 + R9 / (I + jωC9 R9) | / R3 In the same way as for recording, the NAB time constant circuit is adjusted to give the required gain (to prevent generation of a ìpopî noise when power is applied). The output stage (pins 3 and 7) operating point is fixed at 3VF. Therefore, as indicated in the VMAX. VS, VCC characteristic (see Fig.19), even if the VCC voltage is made larger than 5V, the maximum output voltage will not exceed 1.2V (typ.). The ALC circuit is not required for playback, so pin 5 is grounded. The S/N ratio during playback is better if the external resistors R1 and R2 that are connected to the input pins (2 and 8) for recording are switched out.

BA3308 ch2 Cont (ch1) ch2 (ch1) ch1 (ch2) 2 (8) 1 (9) 3 (7) 5
BA3308
ch2
Cont
(ch1)
ch2
(ch1)
ch1
(ch2)
2 (8)
1 (9)
3 (7)
5
R5
(R6)
R1
C7
R7
18kΩ
(R2)
(C8)
(R8)
R3
3.9kΩ
22µF
1MΩ
(R4)
C5
C1
(C6)
39Ω
(C2)
10µF
10µF
C3
(C4)
100µF
INPUT
OUTPUT
Fig.5 ch1 (ch2) ch2 ch2 (ch1) (ch1) Comp Cont 4.5VF BA3308 VOUT (DC+AC) 3 (7)
Fig.5
ch1
(ch2)
ch2
ch2
(ch1)
(ch1)
Comp
Cont
4.5VF
BA3308
VOUT (DC+AC)
3 (7)
5 2 (8)
3VF
R1
R7
C7
(R2)

Fig.6

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

BA3308 A1 2 (8) 1 (9) 3 (7) 5 R11 R9 (R12) (R10) 4.3kΩ 120kΩ
BA3308
A1
2 (8)
1 (9)
3 (7)
5
R11
R9
(R12)
(R10)
4.3kΩ
120kΩ
R3
C5
(R4)
C1
(C6)
(C2)
39Ω
10µF
C9
C3
10µF
0.027µF
(C10)
(C4)
100µF
OUTPUT
INPUT

Fig.7

!!!!Operation notes The BA3308 has a built-in power-on mute circuit to prevent generation of a ìpopî sound when the power is applied. The generation of the ìpopî sound is prevented by the DC blocking capacitors C3 and C4 connected to pins 1 and 9, and the charge time required for the ripple filter capacitor C8 that is connected to pin 6. To ensure correct operation of this circuit, use the values given in the application example circuit for C3, C4, R3, R4, C8 and

R8.

!!!!Application board component layout (component side)

R8 C7 R7 R8 JPW C6 C8 C5 C6 C8 C5 BA3308 BA3308 R6 R5
R8
C7
R7
R8
JPW
C6
C8
C5
C6
C8
C5
BA3308
BA3308
R6
R5
R4
R3
R4
R12
C10
C9
R11
R3
R9
R10
C4
C3
C4
C3
JPW
JPW
R2
R1
C2
C1
C2
C1
(1) Recording
(2) Playback

Fig.8

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

!!!!Electrical characteristic curves

16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0 0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
QUIESCENT CURRENT : IQ (mA)

POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE : VCC (V)

Fig.9 Quiescent current vs. power supply voltage

1.0 VCC=7V 0.9 VOUT=1Vrms RL=10kΩ 0.8 NAB 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0
1.0
VCC=7V
0.9
VOUT=1Vrms
RL=10kΩ
0.8
NAB
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
10
100
1k
10k
100k
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION : THD (%)

FREQUENCY : f (Hz)

Fig.12 Total harmonic distortion vs. frequency

12 VCC=7V 10 8 6 4 2 0 −50 −25 0 25 50 75 100
12
VCC=7V
10
8
6
4
2
0
−50
−25
0
25
50
75
100
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE : Ta (°C)
Fig.10 Quiescent current vs.
ambient temperature
100
VOUT=300mVrms
f=1kHz
90
RL=10kΩ
GVO
80
70
R5,R6=39kΩ
60
50
R5,R6=6.8kΩ
40
30
20
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
QUIESCENT CURRENT : IQ (mA)
VOLTAGE GAIN : GV (dB)
VOLTAGE GAIN : GV (dB)
CLOSED LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN : GVO (dB)

POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE : VCC (V)

Fig.13 Voltage gain vs. power supply voltage

100 VCC= 7V 90 VOUT=300Vrms RL=10KΩ 80 70 GVO 60 50 FLAT 40 NAB 30
100
VCC=
7V
90
VOUT=300Vrms
RL=10KΩ
80
70
GVO
60
50
FLAT
40
NAB
30
20
10
0
10
100
1k
10k
100k

FREQUENCY : f (Hz)

Fig.11 Voltage gain vs. frequency 120 VCC=7V VOUT=300mVrms 100 f=1kHz RL=10kW 80 60 R5,R6=18kΩ 40
Fig.11 Voltage gain vs. frequency
120
VCC=7V
VOUT=300mVrms
100
f=1kHz
RL=10kW
80
60
R5,R6=18kΩ
40
20
0
−50
−25
0
25
50
75
100

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE : Ta (°C)

Fig.14 Closed loop voltage gain vs. ambient temperature

10 0 VCC=7V VCC=7V GV=52dB −10 G V=52dB RL=10kW VOUT=1Vrms −20 DIN AUDIO R L=10kΩ
10
0
VCC=7V
VCC=7V
GV=52dB
−10
G
V=52dB
RL=10kW
VOUT=1Vrms
−20
DIN AUDIO
R
L=10kΩ
R
g=0Ω
−30
−40
1
−50
−60
−70
−80
−90
0.1
−100
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
10
100
1k
10k
100k
SIGNAL SOURCE RESISTANCE : Rg (kΩ)
FREQUENCY : f (Hz)
INPUT CONVERSION NOISE VOLTAGE : VNIN (µVrms)
CHANNEL SEPARATION : CS (dB)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE : VOUT (dBV)

Fig.15 Input conversion noise voltage vs. signal source resistance

Fig.16 Channel separation vs. frequency

60 10 VCC=7V f=1kHz GV=52dB 40 8 20 6 ch2 VOUT 0 4 ch1 ch2
60
10
VCC=7V
f=1kHz
GV=52dB
40
8
20
6
ch2
VOUT
0
4
ch1
ch2
−20
2
ch1
THD
−40
0
−80
−60
−40
−20
−0
20
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION : THD (%)

INPUT VOLTAGE : VIN (dBV)

Fig.17 ALC characteristics

Audio ICs

BA3308 / BA3308F

10 VOUT 1 0.1 THD VCC=7V f=1kHz GV=52dB RL= 10kΩ 0.01 −80 −70 −60 −50
10
VOUT
1
0.1
THD
VCC=7V
f=1kHz
GV=52dB
RL=
10kΩ
0.01
−80
−70
−60
−50
−40
−30
−20
OUTPUT VOLTAGE : VOUT (Vrms)
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION : THD (%)

INPUT VOLTAGE : VIN (dBV)

Fig.18 Input/output characteristics

!!!!External dimensions (Units : mm)

1.6 f=1kHz THD=1% 1.4 RL=10kΩ 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 2 4
1.6
f=1kHz
THD=1%
1.4
RL=10kΩ
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0 0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
MAXIMUM OUTPUT VOLTAGE : VOM (Vrms)
MAXIMUM OUTPUT VOLTAGE : VOM (Vrms)

POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE : VCC (V)

Fig.19 Maximum output voltage vs. power supply voltage

2 VCC=7V 1.8 f=1kHz THD=1% 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 100
2
VCC=7V
1.8
f=1kHz
THD=1%
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
100
1k
10k

LOAD RESISTANCE : RL ()

Fig.20 Maximum output voltage vs. load resistance

BA3308 BA3308F 8.7±0.2 21.8±0.2 2.8±0.2 14 8 1 9 1 7 0.6 2.54 0.8 0.3±0.1
BA3308
BA3308F
8.7±0.2
21.8±0.2
2.8±0.2
14
8
1
9
1
7
0.6
2.54
0.8
0.3±0.1
1.3
1.27
0.4±0.1
0.3Min.
0.15
SIP9
SOP14
10.5±0.5
3.5±0.5
5.8±0.2
1.2
1.5±0.1
6.2±0.3
0.11
4.4±0.2
0.15±0.1

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