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Subject Code : TCS-602 CSE/IT VIth

a) Explain OSI reference model. Clearly indicate function of each layer. Compare
OSI model with TCP/IP protocol suite. Write merit and demerits of both,.

b) Explain topology of computer networks. Define categories of network.

c) Differentiate between bit rate and baud-rate . A modem constellation diagram has
data point at coordinate : (1,1), (1,-1),(-1,1) and (-1,-1). How many bps can
modem with these parameters achieve at 1200 baud?

(a) What is the role of transmission media in network. Explain guided & unguided
media. Also write details of fiber optical cable used.

(b) Differentiate message, circuit & packet switching. Explain services ,architecture
and use of ISDN.

(c) (c). I n a certain communication channel, the signal power is 100W and the noise
power is 10W. In order to send information at the rate of 10 Kbps, what is
required bandwidth?

(a) What do you mean by character & bit stuffing. Give examples. Why minimum
size of frame is required in a LAN?

(b) Explain HDLC, SDLC, BSC, SLIP, LCP, NCP protocols.

(c) For data 0001110101 draw Manchester & diff. man. Coding.

(a) The codeword is received as 1100 1001 01011. Check whether there are errors in
the received code word, if the divisor is 10101.(The divisor corresponds to the
generator polynomial).

(b) A seven bit hamming code is received as 1110101. What is the correct code?

(c) Write the steps to compute the checksum in CRC code. Calculate CRC for the
frame 110101011 and the generator polynomial =x4+x+1 & write the transmitted
(a) A bit stream 10011101 is transmitted using the standard CRC method . The
generator polynomial is x3+1. Show the actual bit string transmitted. Suppose the
third bit from left is inverted during transmission .Show that the error is detected
at the receiver’s end.

(b) A bit string 0111101111101111110 , needs to be transmitted at the data link layer.
What is the string actually transmitted after bit stuffing.

(c) A channel has a bit rate of 4 kbps & propagation delay of 20 msec. For what
range of frame sizes does stop and wait gives an efficiency of at least 50%.

(a) What is need of min. frame size ? If it is 64 bytes then calculate the loss of
bandwidth for 100 Mbps Ethernet Network?

(b) Fast Ethernet has the same 64 bytes min. frame size but can get bits out ten times
faster. How is it possible to maintain the same min. frame size? How much
bandwidth loss will occur in this case?

(c) Why is the channel throughput doubled in slotted ALOHA compared to pure

(a) Explain CRC generator. Explain hamming code with an example.

(b) Explain sliding window protocol & piggybacking with suitable example.

(a) Derive formula for pure & slotted ALOHA.

(b) Explain CSMA/CD & collision free protocols.

(c) Compare 802.3, 802.4, 802.5. Explain types of bridges.

(a) Explain distance vector routing with an example. Compare with Dijkstra

(b) A computer on a 6-Mbps network is regulated by token bucket. Token bucket

filled at a rate of 1 Mbps. It is initially filled to a capacity with 8 megabits. How
long can computer transmit at the full 6 Mbps?
(a) Explain congestion control & prevention methods.

(b) An ATM network uses a token bucket scheme for traffic shaping. A new token is
put into bucket every 5 microsec. What is the max. sustainable net data
rate(excluding the header bits)?

(a) Explain use of tunneling & functioning of firewalls.

(b) Explain ARP, RARP, IPv4 & IPv6 with their frame format. Explain IPv4 & IPv6
addresses .Compare both.

(a) Explain special addresses used in IPv4 . Explain quality of services w.r.t.
transport layer.

(b) Explain transport layer primitives & Berkely Unix primitives.

(c) Show by calculations how many network each IP address class can have with one

(a) Explain three way handshake protocols.

(b) Explain TCP & UDP protocols.

(c) A class B network on internet has a subnet mask of What is the
max. no. of hosts per subnet?

(a) Explain silly window syndrome, Jacobson and Nangle algorithm.

(b) Perform the subnetting of the following IP address 160.111.X.X. Original subnet
mask is , number of subnets 6(six)

(a) Explain multimedia , JPEG, MPEG.

(b) Explain DNS , SMTP, MIME, FTP, TFTP.

(c) How do contention-free protocols differ from contention-oriented protocols?

Discuss any one protocol of contention –free category.
(a) Explain delivery protocols,X.25, Frame relay, Jitter control & ATM.

(b) Explain URL, WWW, HTTP & WAP.

(a) Explain wireless LAN, Novell netware & FDDI..

(b) How is bridge different from a repeater? What are the advantage and
disadvantages of each? State with reason whether an LAN can be extended to any
size by increasing the number of repeaters or not?

(a) Explain flooding, count to infinity problem & split horizon problem.

(b) Explain leaky bucket & token bucket algorithm suitable diagram.

(a) A company is granted a site address company needs six subnets.
Design the subnets.

(b) What is count-to-infinity problem? How is it addressed in link state routing

For following subnet, distance vector routing is used and the vectors that have just
come in to route C: from B(5,0,8,12,6,2); from D:(16,12,6,0,9,10); and from
E:(7,6,3,9,0,4). The measured delays to B,D,and E are 6,3, and 5 respectively.
What is C’s new routing table? Give both the outgoing line to use and the expected

(a) An IP packet has arrived with the first few hexadecimal digits as shown below:
How many hops can this packet travel before being dropped? The data belong to
which upper layer protocol?

(b) Explain DES , Triple DES & RSA with suitable examples .Compare Secret and
Public key algorithms.