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Quraan Ruku Summary

1. Suratul Fateha : The Opening Chapter

The Surah Briefly: This Surah briefly outlines all subject matter mentioned in the entire glorious Qur'aan. Verse Reference: Verses 1 and 2 expound "At-Tawheed" (i.e. monotheism belief in the unity of Allaah). Verse 3 expounds 'Al_Wiyamah" (i.e. The Last Day). Verse 4. Expounds on the despised nations (i.e. the Jews and Christians). 2. Suratul-Baqarah : The Chapter if the Cow

The Surah Briefly: Rakus 1 to 8 outlines the dialogue with the Jews Raku 19 outlines moral education (i.e. instruction of manners). Rakus 20 to 23 outlines domestic economy (i.e. domestic management of the home). Rakus 24 to 31 outlines the two categories of political science. The first being territorial aggrandisement and the second being authority over possessions. Rakus 33 to 44 outlines the Khalifat-e-Kubba (i.e. The Gist of Raku 1 The Jews are invited to the "Al-Kitaab" (the heavenly book of al-Qur'aan) and to the attributes of the Muttaqeen (Allaah-conscious ones). Verse Reference: Verses 2, 3 and 4 The Gist of Raku 2 The sickness of the various munaafiqeen (i.e. hypocrite) are discussed The Gist of Raku 3 The law/principle of reforming the second category of the hypocrites is proposed by calling attention to the boons of Allaah. Verse Reference: 21/22 The Gist of Ruku 4

The necessity of Ilham (i.e. inspiration) Verse Reference: 37 The Gist of Ruku 5 The necessity of a group of people lately inspired by Allaah and by the absence of such people the Jews deviated. Verse Reference: 41/42/44 The Gist of Ruku 6 1. 2. The Jews are invited to the 'Al-Kitaah'i.e. Al-Qur'aan) by calling the attention to the boons of Allaah and to those matters pertaining to life after death. Attention is drawn to the failure of their urban as well as rural lifestyle.

Verse Reference: Point (1) v 47 to 56 Point (2) V 57 /58 The Gist of Ruku 7 The Jews fail in the city lifestyle as well. Verse Reference: V61 The Gist of Ruku 8 An explanation of the three sicknesses of the Jews. The first being to raise objections, secondly conspiracies and thirdly persuasive or plausible speech. Verse Reference: V64, 65, 67 The Gist of Ruku 9 1. 2. It is observed that the Jews cannot be equivalent to the Muslims and they cannot be of any use to the Muslims. Their deficiency in knowledge is expounded here.

Verse Reference: point 2 V78/79 The Gist of Ruku 10 The shortcomings of the Jews being practical. Verse Reference: V84/85

The Gist of Ruku 11 The sicknesses of the Jews are something permanent, and while living under Muslim rule too they are of no use at all. Verse Reference: 87/88 The Gist of Ruku 12 The activities of the Jews during the time of the decadence. Verse Reference: 102 The Gist of Ruku 13 Firstly advice is given to the Muslims to dissociate themselves from the Ahlul Kitaab (People of the Book). Secondly the Ruku deal with the Shar'i subject of Naskh (i.e. The abrogation of one verse/law by a new one). Verse Reference: Verse 104 Illustrates the first point mentioned above Verse 106 illustrates the second point mentioned above The Gist of Ruku 14 The Jews with the Shar'i subject of Naskh (i.e. Abrogation of one Law/verse by a new one) by aiming at keeping the Masaajid (Mosques) uninhabited. Verse Reference: 114 The Gist of Ruku 15 According to the accepted opinion among the Jews, the Masjidal haraam (i.e. Baitulluah) should have been the Qiblah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) Verse Reference: V124, 125, 126, 127, 129 The Gist of Ruku 16 The accepted pious saints of the Jews Verse Reference: 136 The Gist of Ruku 17

Firstly a verified answer on the redirection of the Qublah is given. Secondly for making the Baitul Maqdis the Qiblah, depending on the pleasure of the Ahlul Kitaab was not possible, except by them following their desires. This is a grievous sin. Verse Reference: V143 illustrates the first part mentioned above V145 illustrates the second part mentioned above The Gist of Ruku 18 Firstly, persuasion of the steadfastness upon the Qublah is emphasised and secondly two matters relating to self discipline are discussed. The first being Zikr (i.e. remembrance of Allaah) and the second being Shukr (i.e. gratefulness to Allaah). Verse Reference: V149 illustrates the first point mentioned above V152 illustrates the second point mentioned above The Gist of Ruku 19 The remaining three matters of self discipline are discussed here. The first being Sabr (i.e. patience) and second being Dua (i.e. supplication to Allaah) and the third one being Ta'zeemu Sha'aairullah (i.e. the Sublimity of the rites of Allaah). Verse Reference: 158 The Gist of Ruku 20 The first of the five issues of domestic management is discussed. The first of the five is 'Earning of Livelihood" Verse Reference: 164 The Gist of Ruku 21 The second issue of domestic management, discussed here is the "Principle of Spending". Verse Reference: 168 The Gist of Ruku 22 The third and fourth issue of domestic management, Criminal Law, and Civil court are discussed respectively.

Verse Reference: 180 The Gist of Ruku 23 The fifth issue of domestic management (i.e. propagation of education and reformation of dealings) is discussed here. Verse Reference: V185 outlines the propagation of education V188 outlines the reformation of dealings. The Gist of Ruku 24 Discussions are made on the first category of the third subject (i.e. Political science) namely territorial aggrandizement. Verse Reference: 190 The Gist of Ruku 25 The types of Hujja (Pilgrims to Mecca) are highlighted. Verse Reference: 201 The Gist of Ruku 26 The repeat command for fighting is given after the preparations for battle had been made. Verse Reference: 216 The Gist of Ruku 27 Miscellaneous Masaa'il (issues) pertaining to battle are continued in discussion on the second category of political science, namely authority over possessions. Verse Reference: 217/221 The Gist of Ruku 28 Issues regarding authority of possessions are continued. Verse Reference: V222 to V228 The Gist of Ruku 29

A continued discussion on authority of possession. Verse Reference: V229 to 231 The Gist of Ruku 30 A continued discussion on authority of possession. Verse Reference: V232 to 235

The Gist of Ruku 31 A continued discussion on authority of possession Verse Reference: V236 to 237 The Gist of Ruku 32 The enforcement of action after having laws on territorial aggrandizement and authority over possessions established Verse Reference: 244 to 248 The Gist of Ruku 33 The Ameer (ruler) tests his people after being elected to their Ameer to distinguish the competent ones from the incompetent ones. Then, through the blessings of the Allaah-worshipping, competent ones, and goal may be achieved, i.e. the necessary vice-regency, Verse Reference: 249 251 - 253 The Gist of Ruku 34 Discussed here are the obligations of the Khalifa (Viceregent). The most important of which is for the Khalifa and his subordinates to maintain the Tawheed (Monotheism of Allaah). At the expenses of one's life and wealth. Verse Reference: 254/255 The Gist of Ruku 35 It's also part of the obligation for the Khalifa to publicize and promulgate the events which support Tawheed (i.e. monotheism). Verse Reference: 258/259/260

The Gist of Ruku 36 Mentioned here are those factors which assist in carrying out the obligations of khalifaafat (vice-regency) and further more, four of the five conditions for spending in the path of Allaah are outlined, namely: 1. 2. 3. 4. To give encouragement for spending Not to boast about the wealth one has spent, and no inconvenience should be caused by one's spending. It should be spend only for the pleasure of Allaah. One should not be grieved after spending.

Verse Reference: V361/362 364/365 The Gist of Ruku 37 The fifth condition is outlined: 5. items of value and an indication in this Ruku is given to highlight the need of Ahlul Ilm (people of knowledge).

Verse Reference: V267/269 The Gist of Ruku 38 The contrast of spending in the path of Allaah is mentioned here, namely the prohibition of usury (interest). Verse Reference: V278 The Gist of Ruku 39 The laws of loans are illustrated Verse Reference: V 282 The Gist of Ruku 40 The relationship of the governing body with Allaah. Verse Reference: 284

3.

Suratul Aale "Imraan: Chapter on the Family of Imraan

The Surah briefly: Whenever reformation is intended for any nation, irrespective of whichever Surah, then with this point kept in mind, it is used as an introduction to the beginning of the Surah, as in the case of Surah Baqarah (the cow) the Jews were addressed whereby the invitation to (i.e. this is the book wherein there is no doubt) was given to them, similarly in the case of Surah Haale I'mraan, the Christians were invited to (i.e. there is none worthy of worship except Allaah) on account of them faltering with regard to Tawheed, monotheism and introducing the trinity belief. The Gist of Ruku 1 The Christians were invited to 'The Book" and to its teachings, which distinguished the right from the wrong. Verse Reference: V3/7 The Gist of Ruku 2 The declaration for the destruction of the Antagonists to the true path and the eminence of those who are in conformity to the true path. Verse Reference: V12 The Gist of Ruku 3 The coming of the antagonists of the true Deen on the straight path is difficult, therefore the Muslims should tread firmly on the true path for their own salvation. Verse Reference: 21/26 The Gist of Ruku 4 In order to attain respect in the high court of Allaah Ta'aala, one will have to tread the path of the saintly and righteous servants. Verse Reference: 31/33 The Gist of Ruku 5 The glad tidings of the birth of Esa (Alayhis Salaam) teachings are also outlined. Verse Reference: 45/51 The Gist of Ruku 6 The fourth promises of Allaah to Esa (Alayhis Salaam) are elucidated. Verse Reference: V55

The Gist of Ruku 7 The invitation of the Ahlul Kitaab (I.e. people of he Book) to the true bath and their deviation from it is explained here, in fact they strive to deviate the Muslims. Verse Reference: V 64/69 The Gist of Ruku 8 The Ahlul Kitaab (i.e. people of the Book) continue their efforts against the Muslims. Verse Reference: V72 The Gist of Ruku 9 The Ahlul are notified that their own leaders (i.e. the Past Prophets) confessed to the following of the prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) Verse Reference: 81 The Gist of Ruku 10 Firstly mention is made of the answers to the doubts of the Jews, and secondly invitation is given to the home of Ibraheem (Alayhis Salaam)'s teachings and thirdly mention is made to boycotting the Ahlul Kitaab. Verse Reference: V93/96/100 The Gist of Ruku 11 From among the Muslims there should always be a group of people calling to the true path and mentions is made of the Results pertaining to the hereafter for such a group. Verse Reference: 104/107 The Gist of Ruku 12 The obligation of the Muslim Ummah and the boycotting of the Munifiqeen (i.e. hypocrites). Verse Reference: 110/118 The Gist of Ruku 13 The secret of the success of the battle of Badr was that separation was maintained from the Kuffar (i.e. disbelievers), and the Munifieen (hypocrites). For this reason

these was consistency in the plans. Verse Reference: V123 The Gist of Ruku 14 The amendment of the slip-up during the battle of Uhud. Verse Reference: 130-132-133 The Gist of Ruku 15 Every task should be carried out on the trust of Allaah whilst not relying on any particular leader. Verse Reference: 144 The Gist of Ruku 16 The temporary default of the battle of Uhud was the result of disputes and disobedience to the Rasul (i.e. Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Verse Reference: 152 The Gist of Ruku 17 How many a quality is Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) not an embodiment of. Further mention is made of the defeat of Uhud, serving (Alayhis Salaam) a supplementation of the Badr Battle. Verse Reference: 159/165 The Gist of Ruku 18 The cause of the success in Badr-e-Sughra (i.e. the occasion when Abu Sufyaan and the Meccans had to meet the Muslims). Verse Reference: 173 The Gist of Ruku 19 The Muslims should abstain from the two sicknesses of the Jews mentioned namely miserliness and concealment of the truth. Verse Reference: Miserliness V181 Concealment of the Truth C187 The Gist of Ruku 20

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Making renown the pure qualities of the Christians. Verse Reference: V199

4.

Suratun Nisaa: Chapter of Women

The Surah Briefly: The reformation of the Arabs is made based on two categories, the first being domestic management and the second being state politics, domestic management is subdivided into two more parts. 1) Laws pertaining to the overseeing of wealth. 2) Laws pertaining to the discipline of wives and children. The Gist of Ruku 1 To Totally prevent the income (of wealth) from being misused in forbidden activities. Verse Reference: V2/6 The Gist of Ruku 2 The correct laws regarding the income (of wealth). Verse Reference: V11/12 The Gist of Ruku 3 Laws pertaining to reformation for vices of spouses and various degrees of vice. Verse Reference: V15-21 The Gist of Ruku 4 To adopt such a mode of life whereby moral decadence does not come about. Verse Reference: V23/24 The Gist of Ruku 5 Laws pertaining to reformation of business dealings. Verse Reference: V29

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The Gist of Ruku 6 The rank distinction between the spouses and their joint responsibilities. Verse Reference: V34/36 The Gist of Ruku 7 Several points are highlighted here: Firstly mention is made of the need to be cautious in order to acquire the laws of divinity. Secondly the dangers of natural disfigurement due to heedlessness. Thirdly, to equate human law to that of divine law has a tincture of Shirk (polytheism) therein. Verse Reference: 1 point V43, 2
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point V47 3 point V48

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The Gist of Ruku 8 Failing to adhere to the Book of Allaah will result in the following the ways of false gods and shaytaan (the devil) and to do such will draw the divine curse of Allaah. Verse Reference: 51-52

The Gist of Ruku 9 Firstly mentions is made that abandoning of the true path would cause one to take judicial rulings from the ways of Shaytaan. Secondly mentions is made of the limitations to execute judicial rulings in compliance with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Verse Reference: 1 Point V60 2
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Point V65/66

The Gist of Ruku 10 The need of fighting in prorogating the laws of justice, particularly in the defense of the weak and oppressed. Verse Reference: V74/75 The Gist of Ruku 11

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Several points are summarised here: Firstly, to contemplate over death from the recesses of the heart and to thoroughly make preparation for it. Secondly, during the battle expedition all moments of ease and adversity should be attributed to Divine fate not evading submissions to the Ameer (commander in charge). Thirdly, encouragement to strive should be given to all soldiers. Verse Reference: 1 point V77/78 2
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Point C 79 3 Point v84/85

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The Gist of Ruku 12 A description is given for four Kaffaar (disbeliever) categories. It is prohibited to fight three of the four categories, and (Alayhis Salaam) for the fourth category reconciliation is prohibited. Verse Reference: V90 describes the three categories V91 describes the forth category The Gist of Ruku 13 At end should be put to Muslims fighting amongst themselves and (Alayhis Salaam) for Muslims on the battlefield, there souls be distinction of identity, furthermore, mentions is made of three of the four categories of Muslims after the announcement of war. Verse Reference: V93 94 -95 The Gist of Ruku 14 Mention is made of the fourth category of Muslims after the announcement of war. Verse Reference: V97 The Gist of Ruku 15 The importance of fight is emphasised Verse Reference: 101/102 The Gist of Ruku 16

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Those people who have taken a pledge or have made a contract should not show any support to the treacherous and the criminals. Verse Reference: V105 The Gist of Ruku 17 The believers should never recede (draw back) from their truth path. Verse Reference: 115 The Gist of Ruku 18 Those people who shift off from the path of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) entangle themselves with disease of shirk (polytheism) and become the followers of the accursed devil (Shaytaan). Verse Reference: V117/118 The Gist of Ruku 19 More issues pertaining to authority over possessions. A review should be made on these issues which have passed in the introduction of Shurah Baqarah. Verse Reference: V127 - 130 The Gist of Ruku 20 Several parts are summarised here. Firstly, persuasion of steadiness and firmness. Secondly, the effects of unsteadiness and unstableness. Thirdly, the result and outcome thereof. Verse Reference: 1 point V135
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point V137

3 point V138/139

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The Gist of Ruku 21 Firstly mention is made of the defects of the munifiqueen (hypocrites) and secondly, severing relations from the Kuffaar. Verse Reference: C142-144 The Gist of Ruku 22 The defects of the Ahlul-Kitaab (People of the Book) are brought to light.

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Verse Reference: V153 -155 The Gist of Ruku 23 The Deen (creed) of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) fundamentally unites with the creeds of the past. Verse Reference: V163 The Gist of Ruku 24 The prophets of the Ahlul Kitaab (People of the Book) were not fanatics or extremists and for this reason they were the preservers of the teachings of which Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is too. Verse Reference: V172

5.

Suratul Maaidah: Chapter of the Table Spread

The Surah Briefly The subject of this chapter is the reformation of the Arabs. The Gist of Ruku 1 Exhortation in fulfilling the Divine Covenant. Verse Reference: V1-3 The Gist of Ruku 2 The method of distinguishing the pleasant things and the more emphasis is made on fulfilling the pledge. Verse Reference: V6/7 The Gist of Ruku 3 The results of violating the pledge made. Verse Reference: V3 The Gist of Ruku 4

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The reason for the Divine curse, which was the result of the violation of the covenant, mentioned in the first Ruku. The curse created cowardice from within. Verse Reference: V22 The Gist of Ruku 5 The loss of common sense is the second ill-effect of the Divine curse, such a veil, obscured their senses which degraded them to a level lower than that of animals. Verse Reference: 30/31 The Gist of Ruku 6 Such a mode of conduct should be adopted which does not allow one an opportunity to violate the covenant. Verse Reference: V35 The Gist of Ruku 7 The Imperative need of complying to the Book of Allaah's in order to gain proximity to him. Verse Reference: V49 The Gist of Ruku 8 Ties with the enemies of Allaah should be severed so that abiding to his Book becomes possible. Verse Reference: V51 The Gist of Ruku 9 The reason for severing ties with the enemies of Allaah is (due to) their mockery against Deen. Verse Reference: V57/58 The Gist of Ruku 10 The prorogation of the moderate nation (i.e. the followers if Mohammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and issues relevant to prorogation. Verse Reference: V67/72/73 The Gist of Ruku 11

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When Prorogating to the Ahlul Kitaab (people of the Book) priority is given to the Christians over the Jews. Verse Reference: V82 The Gist of Ruku 12 During the course of prorogation refrain from going to the extremes. The Gist of Ruku 13 The Baitul Haraam remains the headquarters of the Muslims irrespective of their whereabouts and the bond should not cease. Verse Reference: 94/95/97 The Gist of Ruku 14 It is necessary for the Muslims to be cautious against nonsensical questioning and uncivilized customs. Verse Reference: 101/103 The Gist of Ruku 15 On the day of Qiyaamah (Judgement) all the prophets will be present as true witnesses. Verse Reference: 109 The Gist of Ruku 16 The Prophets express their wishes at the time of bearing witness on the day of Qiyaamah. Verse Reference: 118

6.

Suratul Maaidah: Chapter of the Cattle

The Surah briefly: Here the invitation is extended to the Majoos (i.e. the Fire : Worshippers of Zoroastrianism The Gist of Ruku 1 The three main factors are mentioned here:

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Firstly, the Tawheed (i.e. monotheism-belief in the unity of Allaah) Secondly, the Kitaabullah (i.e. the heavenly Scripture) Thirdly, the Risaalah (i.e Prophethood). Verse Reference: First point V /3 Second Point V 7 Third Point V8 The Gist of Ruku 2 In order to achieve the strong feeling of Tawheed (monotheism (it is incumbent to hold firm onto the rope of Allaah. Verse Reference: 3 Refusal of complying to the Book of Allaah involve a person in acts of Shirk (polytheism) thereby getting him caught up in the remorse of the polytheists.

The Gist of Ruku 4 It has been a ongoing habit of man to falsify the prophets and the prophets had to observe tremendous patience. The Divine help of Allaah descends on the basis of this patience. Verse Reference: V 34 The Gist of Ruku 5 Invitations towards Tawheed (monotheism) is given by the mention of the visitation of Allaah. Verse Reference: V42 The Gist of Ruku 6 Only through the medium of Tawheed (monotheism) can one be worthy enough for the company of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Verse Reference: V52 The Gist of Ruku 7 Severing all ties with the antagonists of Tawheed (Monotheism). Verse Reference: V56

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The Gist of Ruku 8 The Whole of creation is subdued and overpowered by the Divine Power of Allaah. Verse Reference: V61 The Gist of Ruku 9 The Model of Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam) is the course of Tawheed. Verse Reference: V74 The Gist of Ruku 10 On the issue of Tawheed (monotheism) our (i.e. Muslims) school of thought is that of Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam) and other prophets. Verse Reference: V83-90 The Gist of Ruku 11 It is unanimously accepted that the Holy Qur'aan invites to Tawheed (oneness of Allaah). Verse Reference: V92 The Gist of Ruku 12 After having given invitation to the oneness of Allaah, attention is drawn to marvel at Divine Power thoroughly, therefore the lessons of Tawheed will really settle firmly, but foolishly they (Kuffar) attribute sons and daughters to Allaah instead. Verse Reference: V9597 99-100 The Gist of Ruku 13 Allaah Ta'aala addresses the Kuffar by declaring that he had indeed supplied them with the necessary means to see the truth, but now the adamant ones should remain on their blindness and learn what is to happen. Verse Reference: 104 The Gist of Ruku 14 The existence of such disfigurations (devil in the forms of man and Jinn) becomes an obstacle for all prophets.

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Verse Reference: 112 The Gist of Ruku 15 The upholders of Tawheed and its antagonists can never be equal and the antagonists are terribly disgraced. Verse Reference: 122 124 The Gist of Ruku 16 The antagonists of Tawheed (monotheism) sense the truth (in Islaam) and their existing creed is illogical and misquoted. Verse Reference: 130 / 138 / 140

The Gist of Ruku 17 The past Ruku has outlined the illogical nature and misquotations of the prohibitions and permissibilities by the Kuffar while this Ruku details how well reported and understandable our Deen of Islaam is. Verse Reference: 141 /142 The Gist of Ruku 18 The impermissibility of the Haraam (i.e. Prohibitions) things of the Muslims is reported here, aside it being sensible too. Verse Reference: 145 The Gist of Ruku 19 A brief summary of all the laws of Islaam are outlined here aside from the laws pertaining to Ma'koolaat (i.e. Edibles). Verse Reference: 151 The Gist of Ruku 20 Allaah Ta'aala draws the attention of the Kuffar to the fact that they object to the Qur'aan while he made its following blessed, directing them to the creed of Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam). Verse Reference: 155 / 161

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7. Suratul A'raf: Chapter of the Heights The Surah briefly: Surah al-baqarah invites the Jews to al Kitaab (the Book) Surah Aale 'Imraan invites the Christians to Tawheed (monotheism), Surah Nisaa and Maa'ida discuss the reformation of the Arabs, Surah An'aam discusses the reformation of the Majoos (fire worshippers), while Surah (i.e. Surah al A'raf) invites all the remaining nations to the Quraan. The Gist of Ruku 1 This Ruku makes mention of: 1) The visitations of Allaah. 2) Incidents relating to after death 3) The boons and favours of Allaah by way of inviting to the kitabullah (The Book of Allaah). Verse Reference: 3 / 4 / 8 / 10 The Gist of Ruku 2 Emphasis is made of the need of following the Book of Allaah. Verse Reference: 23 The Gist of Ruku 3 By complying to the Book of Allaah, one will be granted Libasut Taqwa (i.e. A spiritual shield of Allaah consciousness ) and such a shield is much more superior to a physical shield (clothing etc). Verse Reference: 26 The Gist of Ruku 5 A physical protection (clothing etc) is not prohibited, though a spiritual one is preferable, if one has to be deprives of a spiritual shield, he could be listed among the cursed ones. Verse Reference: 32 / 38 The Gist of Ruku 5

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The Divine manner in which the one who had been granted libaasut Taqwa (i.e. The spiritual shield of Allaah-consciousness) should deal with those who shun the Qur'aan. Verse Reference: 40/41 Explain the punishment for those who shun the Quraan 42/43 explain the reward for the Allaah conscious ones. The Gist of Ruku 6 Mention is made of how to warn the third party of those who shun Libaasut Taqwa (The Spiritual shield of Allaah-consciousness) and what is their punishment. Verse Reference: 45 / 51 The Gist of Ruku 7 Da'wah (invitation) is given to Al-Kitaab (The Book) by mentioning the signs of Allaah. Verse Reference: 54 The Gist of Ruku 8 Da'wah (invitation) is given to Al-Kitaab (The book) by mentioning the visitations of Allaah. Verse Reference: 59 / 64 The Gist of Ruku 9 Da'wah (invitation) is given to Al-Kitaab (The book) by mentioning the visitations of Allaah. Verse Reference: 65 / 72 The Gist of Ruku 10 Da'wah (invitation) is given to Al-Kitaab (The book) by mentioning the visitations of Allaah. Verse Reference: 73 / 79 The Gist of Ruku 11 Da'wah (invitation) is given to Al-Kitaab (The book) by mentioning the visitations of Allaah.

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Verse Reference: 85 / 91 / 93 The Gist of Ruku 12 A critical observation is made of the first nations and this serves as a warning to the antagonists of Islaam. Verse Reference: 94-97 The Gist of Ruku 13 Belying the prophets was the cause of the destruction of the previous nations and in the narration of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam), this is verified. Verse Reference: 101 / 103 The Gist of Ruku 14 The narration of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Firoun continues. Verse Reference: 109 The Gist of Ruku 15 The narration of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Firoun continues. Verse Reference: 127 The Gist of Ruku 16 The narration of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Firoun continues. Verse Reference: 130 The Gist of Ruku 17 Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) proceeds to the mount Toor (Sinai mountains) to receive the commandments for his people. Verse Reference: 142 The Gist of Ruku 18 After Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) proceeded to Mt. Toor (Sinai mountains, his people took to idol worshipping.

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Verse Reference: 148 The Gist of Ruku 19 Firstly mention is made of cow-worshipping, which draws disgrace to the anger of Allaah. Secondly, the conditions for perpetual help are laid down for the nation of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam). Verse Reference: 1 Point V152 / 156 The Gist of Ruku 20 The Da'wah (invitation) of the people of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and its outcome. Verse Reference: 158 / 159 The Gist of Ruku 21 The Daa'ee (invitor of Truth) is absolved of his duty after having extended the invitation to others. Verse Reference: 165 The Gist of Ruku 22 Several points are highlighted here: 1. 2. 3. Th reason perceived for the need of a Da'wah (invitation) to kitabullah (The Book of Allaah) is that guidance is necessary in order to fulfil the covenant, in which every individual directly pledged servitude to Allaah, so that on the day of Qiyamah none can excuse himself of being uninformed. Another strong reason is this that Shaytaan (The Devil) is ready to mislead man, for example, it is he who led Bal'am 'The Seer' astray. N.B: Ba'lam was a man called out by the enemies of Israel to curse Israel, but who blessed Israel instead. Those who negate the invitation to the Book of Allaah are worse than animals.
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Second Point C157

Verse Reference: Point 1 V172 Point 2 V175 The Gist of Ruku 23 To give to those invited during the period of revolting is also from the Sunnatullah (i.e. The Ways of Allaah). Verse Reference: 182 Point 3 V179

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The Gist of Ruku 24 It is very difficult or virtually impossible to turn away from shirk (Acts of polytheism) by merely avoiding the Book of Allaah, therefore it is of utmost importance to emulate The Book of Allaah. Verse Reference: 189 / 190 /203 8. Suratul Anfaal: Chapter on the Spoils of War The Surah briefly: Da'wah (invitation to Islaam) was extended to all nations of the world in the pervious Surah. This serves as an introduction to this Surah which contains the Jaamiate Qanoon (i.e. the Comprehensiveness of the Divine Law). These are those laws which attract benefit, to those who fulfill it, and at the same time safeguard them from harm. The Gist of Ruku 1 The differences relating to the booty of the battle of Badr are clarified. Verse Reference: 1 - 4 The Gist of Ruku 2 Clause 1 (in the strategy of battle): one should be firm-footed in the battle lines. Verse Reference: 15 The Gist of Ruku 3 Clause 2: One should remain obedient to Allaah and his Rasool (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) during the battle. Clause 3: Consider such obedience as life itself. Clause 4: There should be no misapplication in the obligatory duties. Verse Reference: Clause 2 V20 Clause 3 V24 Clause 4 V27 The Gist of Ruku 5 Clause 5: To achieve the criterion, one needs to adhere to Taqwa (i.e. Allaah Consciousness).

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Verse Reference: 29 The Gist of Ruku 5 Clause 6 the limit of fighting is to the point of establishing the Haq (Truth). Clause 7: Laws regarding the distribution of booth should be keep in mind Verse Reference: Clause 6 V39 Clause 7 V41/42 The Gist of Ruku 6 Clause 8 : During the battle (i.e. on the battlefield) the remembrance of Allaah should be observed. Clause 9: Exhorting each other to avoid disputes Verse Reference: Clause 8 V45 Clause 9 V 46 The Gist of Ruku 7 The Munaafiqeen (hypocrites) have no trust on the genuineness of the Deen (Islaam) while the Kuffar (disbeliever's) too have no proper contact with Allaah, therefore you Muslims will dominate them and be triumphant over them while they will not be able to do so. Verse Reference: 49/51 The Gist of Ruku 8 Clause 10: Weaponry Should be prepared to the best of one's ability. Clause 11, Islaam welcomes settlements (i.e. by agreement) at any time. Verse Reference: Clause 10 V60 Clause 11 V 61 The Gist of Ruku 9 Clause 12: A command in inciting the believers to wage war and fight.

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Verse Reference: 72 The Gist of Ruku 10 Clause 13: In political objectives only those Muslims, nations or factions are taken into consideration who are affiliated to the Markaz (i.e. headquarters). Verse Reference: 72

9. Suratul Towbah: Chapter on Repentance The Surah briefly: The subject matter in this chapter is "Declaration of War". 1. 2. After the declaration of war against the Kuffar (disbelievers). Allaah and his messengers (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are disgusted with the Kuffars on taking steps in all types of protection. Four months of grace is granted for consideration after the declaration of war. The Kuffar are warned to desist from opposing Islaam otherwise they will be annihilated.

The Gist of Ruku 1 Discussion of four matters: 1. 2. 3. 4. Declaration of war Granting of a grace period for consideration Stipulation of time on the treaty signed with the Kuffar Signing of treaty without stipulation of time.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V2 Point 3 V4 The Gist of Ruku 2 Point 4 V4

The reasons for disputing the Kuffar (Disbeliever) Verse Reference: 7/8 The Gist of Ruku 3 Elimination of three reasons for not fighting

27

1. 2. 3.

In spite of the Mushrikeen (polytheists) practising other good actions the Jihaad could be carried out on them. Muslims cannot merely desert their towns and take to the Masjids for Zikr and Fikr (i.e. remembrance and contemplation of Allaah) to absolve themselves from the Jihaad (Holy War). No persons can prevent himself from participation in the Jihaad due to some worldly status he has or even if he be from noble family linage.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V17 Point 2 V19 Point 3 V2 The Gist of Ruku 5 Elimination of two or more reasons for not participating in war. 1. 2. To be outnumbered Lack of basic needs of life and equipment for fighting cannot be an obstacle too.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 25 Point 2 V28/29 The Gist of Ruku 5 The four months of grace is given so that the Muslim army can take rest and recuperate because they will have to stand up (in war) against all nations of the world. Verse Reference: 30/36 The Gist of Ruku 6 All the Muslims will have to stand up together for battle. Verse Reference: 38 The Gist of Ruku 7 To regard one's self as an exception to the Jihaad is a sign of hypocrisy, the three examples of those who exempted themselves from participating in the Jihaad are explained: 1. 2. 3. Those who make not preparation at all to participate in the Jihaad. Those who fear that by going to the destination they may fall into some type of mischief there instead of being useful in battle. Those who would fight for some material gain and not for the pleasure of Allaah and his Rasool (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

Verse Reference:

28

Point 1 V45/46 Point 2 V49 Point 3 V58 The Gist of Ruku 8 The fourth example of those who exempted themselves is explained: 4. Those whose idea of truly serving the Deen (Islaam) does not coincide with that of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

Verse Reference: 61 The Gist of Ruku 9 1. 2. Outlining of the ideal goal of the Munaafiqeen (hypocrites) and their punishment. Outlining of the ideal goal of the mumineen (believers) and their reward.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V67/68 Point 2 V71/72

The Gist of Ruku 10 1. 2. 3 The Mimineed are commanded to wage war against the Kuffar and the Munaafiqeen and at the same time to be stern too. The fifth example of those who exempted themselves is explained: Those who used to beg from Allaah in poverty for affluence to be good deeds, but when granted they transgressed.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 73 Point 2 V75/76

The Gist of Ruku 11 1. 2. The result of staying behind from the Jihaad is hell-fire. After they had been restricted (for Jihaad) a change came about in their condition.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V78 Point 2 V83

The Gist of Ruku 12 When the Munaafiqeen were warned against remaining behind from the Jihaad they re-organised themselves (i.e. by presenting excuses).

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Verse Reference: 90 The Gist of Ruku 13 The various types of Munaafiqeen: 1. 2. Those who will never be forgiven because hypocrisy is a belief to them and an aim to disunite the Muslims. Those who could be forgiven because hypocrisy to them is merely a habit and not a belief.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V101 Point 2 V 103/106

The Gist of Ruku 14 1. 2. The conduct of the true believers There forgivable munaafiqeen associate with the true believers and the conduct of the true believers manifests itself.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V111/V112 The Gist of Ruku 15 Educating the masses will put an end to absenteeism from Jihaad. Verse Reference: 122 The Gist of Ruku 16 Educating the people on strategies of war. Verse Reference: 123 Point 2 V118

10.

Surah Yunus

The Surah briefly: The main subject matter here is the invitation to Islaam.

30

The Gist of Ruku 1 Allaah Ta'aala has made this Scripture a Book of Wisdom and as a favour he delivered that message of Wahi (revelation) through the medium of a man from mankind itself. Yet some fools (i.e. Kuffar) instead of taking benefit from it they turn away saying that it is the ill-effects of sorcery. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 2 The Kuffar refute the acceptance of the divine message yet when adversities afflict them they stretch out their hands at the very same door (of Divine assistance), but once the adversities vanish they become disobedient. Verse Reference: 12 The Gist of Ruku 3 O disobedient ones! That life of the world which has beguiled your is deceitful, and let it not turn you away from submitting to the Divine messages. Verse Reference: 24 The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. 3. These Kuffar believe Allaah to be the creator, sustainer and administrator of the world, yet, They turn themselves away from practising on his commandments. While they themselves make allegations against the Qur'aan. That it is a fake.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V31 Point 2 V34 Point 3 V37

The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. If these Kuffar do not abstain from belying the Qur'aan then reveal your disgust at them. How can these Kuffar understand the Qur'aan-e-Hakeem when they are spiritually blind and deaf

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 41 Point 2 V42/43

The Gist of Ruku 6 These refuters of the admonishment and the cure (i.e. the Qur'aan) are prepared to ransom the entire world with its treasures in lieu of their lives.

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Verse Reference: 54/57 The Gist of Ruku 7 1. 2. 3. Allaah is fully aware of our Qur'aan recitation as well as other actions in life. The righteous ones will not fear appearing in the high court of Allaah. One should not be grief-stricken by the abusive language of the antagonists of Deen.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V61 Point 2 V 62 Point 3 V65

The Gist of Ruku 8 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah. Observe how the enemies of Noah (Alayhis Salaam) and the enemies of the later prophets were destroyed. Verse Reference: 71/74 The Gist of Ruku 9 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah Observe how Fir'oun together with his army were drowned because of harbouring enmity to Moosa (Alayhis Salaam). Verse Reference: 90 The Gist of Ruku 10 1. 2. 3. O those addressed by the Qur'aan, do not doubt it. Do not belie it by mere doubt. Otherwise your resurrection will be the same as that of the past beliers.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V94 Point 2 V95 Point 3 V 102/103

The Gist of Ruku 11 1. 2. O people we are not prepared to abandon our way (of truth) merely on the basis of your doubts. He who accept the Qur'aan will benefit himself, otherwise the misfortune of his negation will be incumbent on him.

Verse Reference:

32

Point 1 11.

V104

point 2 V108

Surah Hood

The Surah briefly: The subject discussed here is the invitation towards Tawheed. The Gist of Ruku 1 The purpose of the revelation of the Book is to perfect the imbibing of Tawheed and seeking forgiveness for previous omissions. Verse Reference: 2/3 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. 3. The refuters of Tawheed do not understand the Divine mercy to be the actual means of dismissing the adversities, but merely to consider it to be something coincidental. These refuters evade the obedience of the Book of Allaah and in the process they devise many schemes to achieve this. This is the reason for their failure while the people of Tawheed will get the upper hand and succeed.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 10 Point 2 V12/13 Point 3 V21/23

The Gist of Ruku 3 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah. The prophet Noah (Alayhis Salaam) invites towards Tawheed. Verse Reference: 26 The Gist of Ruku 4 The antagonists of Tawheed are destroyed in the End. Verse Reference: 44 The Gist of Ruku 5 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah in the incidents of the nation of 'Aad.

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1. 2.

They were invited to Tawheed, but Their reason of denial destroyed them.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 50 Point 2 V 60

The Gist of Ruku 6 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah 1. 2. The nation of Thamood obstructed the propagation of Tawheed. They were doomed to destruction.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 61 Point 2 V67

The Gist of Ruku 7 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah 1. The nation of Loot (Alayhis Salaam) were destroyed because they ruined the connection with Allaah.

Verse Reference: 78/62 The Gist of Ruku 8 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah 1. 2. Prophet Shu'aib (Alayhis Salaam) invites towards Tawheed. His people were destroyed due to their denial.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V84 Point 2 v 94

The Gist of Ruku 9 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah. 1. Disconnecting the relation between he Creator (Allaah) and his creation was the crime of Fir'oun.

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2. 3.

Therefore in such an offence both the leader and the follower are defamed. The crime of all the passed destroyed nations was the denial of Tawheed.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 97 Point 2 V99 Point 3 V101

The Gist of Ruku 10 1. 2. Remember people will also raise their heads in objection to your Da'wah. (invitation to Tawheed). Remain absorbed in the worship of Allaah and place your reliance on Him, thereafter see if there is anything Allaah won't do for you!

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 121/ 122 Point 2 v 123

11. Surah Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) The Surah briefly: 1. 2. The Surah deals with Prophets relating to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). The Prophet Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) received leadership and comfort amongst his settlement after enduring tremendous difficulties and on his success his brothers became very remorseful and in the like manner the people of the Quraish tribe became very remorseful when Nabi Mohammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) conquered the blessed city Makkah.

The Gist of Ruku 1 The dream of Nabi Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam), and his fother Nabi Ya'qoob (Alayhis Salaam) interprets it as leadership (I.E. Successor to the throne). Verse Reference: 4/5 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The brothers of Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) extended a request to their father, Nabi Yaq'oob (Alayhis Salaam) to take Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) along with them. They flung Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) in the pit of the well.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V11/12 The Gist of Ruku 3 Point 2 V15

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Nabi Yusuf is trialed with great trust (i.e. King's wife intended to seduce him). Verse Reference: 23 The Gist of Ruku 4 Nabi Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) was imprisoned in spite of being proven innocent. Verse Reference: 35 The Gist of Ruku 5 A minor test of Nabi Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam)'s discernment. Verse Reference: 41 The Gist of Ruku 6 A great test of Nabi Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam)'s discernment. Verse Reference: 49 The Gist of Ruku 7 After being trialed and assisted in his discernment Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) is well on his way to leadership. Verse Reference: 54 The Gist of Ruku 8 Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) receives leadership, thereafter the drought afflicts Kan'aan and his brothers come over for the first time. Verse Reference: 58 The Gist of Ruku 9 The brothers of Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) return for the second time and Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) detains his real brother, bin Yameed, wisely. Verse Reference: 69/76 The Gist of Ruku 10

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The brothers of Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) return fro the third time and thereafter recognise each other. Verse Reference: 88/90 The Gist of Ruku 11 The whole nation of Bani Israel enter Egypt and the interpretation of his (Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam)) dream in childhood eventuates. Verse Reference: 99/100 The Gist of Ruku 12 The incident of Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) has a prophecy within for those who pledged with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Verse Reference: 111

12.

Suratur Ra'd : The Chapter of the Thunder

The Surah briefly: Even after the rise of the "Sun of Prophethood" some individuals were not enlightened, in fact they remained in darkness due to the screen of disbelief and deviation. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. All revealed Books were sent according to the need of the time, but the antagonists denied it instead. These people only accept one part of the system of Allaah and that is manifestations of happenings and for this very reason they do not understand the need for the Qur'aan.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V2 - 5

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. 3. The Divine Command encompasses every condition of the creation. If these people (antagonists) are not prepared to reform then Allaah Ta'aala ignores them as well. These people have not hope of good from Allaah in the future too.

Verse Reference:

37

Point 1

V 8/9

Point 2 V11

point 3 V 18

The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. The ones who accept this Holy Book wholeheartedly and those who do not can never be equal. Just as these two groups differ in manner of action (deeds) likewise would be there recompense.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V19 Point 2 V20/21/22/25

The Gist of Ruku 4 1. 2. 3. The antagonists hope for any such sign to manifest which may cause their hearts to be contented with the Qur'aan. The believers contented of heart by the Holy Qur'aan (i.e. remembrance of Allaah). The Holy Qur'aan is the ultimate of persuasion (guidance) but the hearts of the dis-believers have become more useless than the mountains, earth and the dead in taking effect.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 27 Point 3 V 29 Point 3 V31

The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. The Prophets before Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) were also mocked at and In spite of this Allaah Ta'aala gave grace to the mockers and then did He afflict them with his punishment. Thereafter they will encounter the chastisement of the Aakhirah (hereafter).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V32 Point 2 V 35.

The Gist of Ruku 6 1. 2. Allaah Ta'aala informs the dis-believers that other Prophets had wives and children so why are they so suspicious about Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his children. Nevertheless the duty of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was to convey the Message and thereafter Allaah take the responsibility of settling matters with them.

Verse Reference:

38

Point 1

V38

Point 2 V40

13.

Surah Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam)

The Surah briefly: The subject matter of discussion throughout this Surah is on the purpose of prophethood (i.e. sending of the Prophets). The Gist of Ruku 1 The purpose of the Prophethood to Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is one and the same. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 2 The Prophethood of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the rest of all the Prophets is one and the same. Verse Reference: 9/10 The Gist of Ruku 3 The opposition to the Prophets will express disgust to their leaders. Verse Reference: V21 The Gist of Ruku 4 The senior leader of the opposition party to the Prophets will express all disgust on the Day of Qiyamah. Verse Reference: V22 The Gist of Ruku 5 The followers of the truth are persuaded to observe total obedience in the true acts of goodness. Verse Reference: V31 The Gist of Ruku 6 1. The standard of Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam) is kept in sight for the following of the truth. V1/5

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2.

A relation should be maintained with the institution of Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V35 Point 2 V 37 The Gist of Ruku 7 The opposers of truth will, on the Day of Qiyaamah be very sensitive and stage a rebuttal. Verse Reference: V44

14. Suratul Hajr : The Surah of the Rocky Tract The Surah briefly: It is the system of Allaah to give respite to the antagonists after presented the Da'wah (invitation of Deen) to them The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. Time has been appointed for the destruction of the antagonists of Islaam as was done to the past nations. Allaah takes the responsibility of preserving the holy Qur'aan because it is the interpreter of Islaam. How much of harm can the cause by opposing.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1/3/4 Point 2 V9

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The manner in which we have paid particular importance to your physical nourishment. Likewise particular importance is paid to spiritual nourishment to the extent that no enemy (Shaitaan) of yours may reach the skies.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V19 Point 2 V 17

The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. 3. If the teachings of the Qur'aan is not attained then. Due to natural weakness, the Shaitaan (devil) will mislead you. Thereafter your abode will be Jahamman (hell-fire)

Verse Reference:

40

Point 1

V26

Point 2

V 39

Point 3

V43

The Gist of Ruku 4 1. If piety (i.e Allaah consciousness) is achieved through the medium of the teachings of the Qur'aan, then Janah (paradise) will be your abode.

Verse Reference: V45 The Gist of Ruku 5 Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah. The note of the end-result of the antagonists. Verse Reference: V 73/78/79 The Gist of Ruku 6 1. 2. 3. 4. Mention is made of the visitations of Allaah If these people (i.e. Kuffar) do not listen then turn away from them. Hold firm on to the Holy Qur'aan Allaah is sufficient enough for you against he evil of those jesters.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 80-84 Point 2 V85 Point 3 V87 Point 4 V95

15. Suratun Nahl : The Chapter of the Bee The Surah briefly: The purpose of Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is Da'wah (invitation) to the Tawheed (Unity of Allaah). The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. The purpose of revelation is the invitation to Tawheed. Allaah mentions His great Signs.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2 Point 2 V3-8

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The Gist of Ruku 2 Da'wah is given towards Tawheed by mentioning the Great Signs of Allaah. Verse Reference: V10 - 17 The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. Your Supreme Being (Worthy of Worship) is One only. In order to perfect your relationship with Him, it is essential to follow the Qur'aan.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V22 Point 2 V 24

The Gist of Ruku 4 1. 2. 3. The deniers of Tawheed are destroyed in this world. They will be delivered into Jahannum in the Hereafter. The people of Allaah hold great respect for the Holy Qur'aan, and will be immensely rewarded.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V26 Point 2 V29 Point 3 V30

The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. The deniers of Tawheed hide behind the issue of fate (destiny) in their actions. If it was the Divine wish of Allaah to regard Shirk (polytheism) as permissible, then how would have been possible for the prophets to propagate Towheed (monotheism).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V35 Point 2 V36

The Gist of Ruku 6 1. 2. Those monotheists who were compelled to leave their native land will received tremendous rewards in this world and the hereafter. The Holy Qur'aan was revealed through the correct medium with Allaah

Verse Reference:

42

Point 1

V 41

Point 2 V44

The Gist of Ruku 7 1. 2. 3. Your Supreme Being (worthy of worship) is One only It is He who will benefit you in your ease and adversities. These people (the deniers) are so foolish that instead of appreciating (the Message) the adopt an audacious attitude by falsely associating daughters to Allaah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 51 Point 2 V 53 Point 3 V57 - 59

The Gist of Ruku 8 1. 2. Shaitaan subdued these Kuffar just as he did on the past nations. Only through the medium of the Holy Qur'aan will those erroneous matters be rectified.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 62 The Gist of Ruku 9 The eradication of this doubt that how can the Divine Word manifest through the medium of a human. Verse Reference: V66/67 The Gist of Ruku 10 Allaah Ta'aala illustrated examples for the need of Tawheed. Verse Reference: 71/75/76 The Gist of Ruku 11 The proofs of Tawheed. Verse Reference: 78-81 The Gist of Ruku 12 1. No excuse will be accepted from the deniers of Tawheed on the day of Qiyaamah (judgement). Point 2 V 64

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2. 3.

These people will be disgusted themselves by the deed on the Day of Qiyaamah. If any person wishes to reform himself then he should know that the Holy Qur'aan exists for his guidance.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 84 Point 2 V87 point 3 V89

The Gist of Ruku 13 The system of reformation from the Holy Qur'aan is outlined. Verse Reference: V90/91/92/94/95 The Gist of Ruku 14 1. 2. When at any time of need a change occurs in the well-ordered text, these deniers of Tawheed make the original arrangement of the Qur'aan a proof against the change (i.e. new order). These ignorant ones will only endure great losses the Day of Qiyaamah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V101 Point 2 v 108/109

The Gist of Ruku 15 1. 2. If these Kuffar will argue a great deal just to escape seizure, but they will remain tormented for their heinous deeds. Yes! If these Kuffar desire to be protected from that punishment then it is incumbent upon them to reform now.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V111 Point 2 V119

The Gist of Ruku 16 If the thankful servants of Allaah wish amendments for more goodness in the Dunga (world) and Aakhirah (hereafter) then they souls adopt the standard of Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam). Verse Reference: 120-123

16.

Suratul Bani Israel : The chapter of the Children of Israel

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The Surah briefly: What is the comparison of the Deen of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to the rest of the religions? Just as Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is the Imaam (leader) of all prophets and so is his Deen to the rest of the religions. The Gist of Ruku 1 The Da'wah of Haq and the demand of responding to it. Verse Reference: V 9/10 The Gist of Ruku 2 The Similitude of the Da'wah given to us is like a spiritual "Day" wherein one is alert and sees necessary use to the strength of all faculties in accomplishing work. Verse Reference: V 12 The Gist of Ruku 3 The Ahkaam (rulings) of the Da'wah to the truth explained in detail. Verse Reference: V22 - 30 The Gist of Ruku 4 The Ahkaam (rulings) of the Da'wah to the truth is explained in detail. Verse Reference: V31 - 40 The Gist of Ruku 5 All obstacles to the truth should be refuted after having responded to the Da'wah of the truth. Verse Reference: V42/45/47/49 The Gist of Ruku 6 All obstacles to the truth should be refuted after having responded to the Da'wah of the truth. Verse Reference: V 53/56

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The Gist of Ruku 7 If no response is made to the Da'wah of truth then on the through the passage of Dunya (world) there is an oppressive robber who is ever-ready to snatch away the effects of your Iman. Therefore if you have responded to their Da'wah then the effects of Iman will carry you safely through. Verse Reference: V61 -65 The Gist of Ruku 8 If no response is made to this Da'wah then an eternal blindness will emanate of which horrid consequences will be severely penalized in the Aakhirat (hereafter). Verse Reference: V72 The Gist of Ruku 9 If no desires to be safe from the worldly and hereafter blindness then dosages should be considered from the source of cure and mercy. Verse Reference: V82 The Gist of Ruku 10 It is essential to abstain from asking irrelevant questions. Verse Reference: V85/90-93 The Gist of Ruku 11 It is essential to abstain from asking irrelevant questions Verse Reference: V94/98 The Gist of Ruku 12 The qualities of those who responded to the Da'wah. Verse Reference: V107/109

17.

Suratul Khaf : The chapter of the Cave

The Surah briefly:

46

After a brief introduction, four categories of people in life are exemplified. From these examples it has been proven that each category can obtain the actual respect and comfort if their connection with Allaah were improved. The categories are: 1. 2. 3. 4. The lowest level of pious i.e. the Ashabal Kahf the Inhabitants of the cave. From Ruku 1 4. The lowest level of the worldly orientation i.e. Ashabel Jannatian the owners of the two orchids. From Raku 5 8. The highest level of the pious. The Prophet Moosa (Alayhis Salaam). From Raku 9 10. The highest level of the worldly orientation i.e. Zul Qarnain Alexander the Great) from Raku 11-12.

The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. Introduction The Ashabul Khaf hide in the cave Their awakening after deep sleep.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V10 Point 3 V 12

The Gist of Ruku 2 The person for Ashabul Khaf hiding is because they were monotheists. Verse Reference: V16 The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. After awakening from the deep sleep one of the companions went to purchase some food. People are informed by analogy of this incident (the deep sleep) that Qiyaamat (judgement day) will occur in the like manner (i.e. resurrection).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V19 Point 2 V 21

The Gist of Ruku 4 The duration of their sleeping period was three hundred and nine years. Verse Reference: V25 The Gist of Ruku 5

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1) 2)

Muwahhid (monotheists) invites his fellow Mushrik (polytheists) companion to the true Deen of Islaam. The Mushrik remorse instantly after the destruction of the orchids.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 37/38 Point 2 V42 The Gist of Ruku 6 The illusions of Dunya pleasures are explained as an appendix in comparison to the past subject of righteous deeds. Verse Reference: V45/46 The Gist of Ruku 7 Those who severe their ties with Allaah (i.e. Mushrikeen Polytheists) strengthen their ties with Shaytaan the accursed enemy. Verse Reference: V50 The Gist of Ruku 8 Who can be more unfortunate than that person who severs ties with Allaah and turns away when being called to His signs!!? Verse Reference: V57 The Gist of Ruku 9 1. 2. Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) takes on a journey to meet khidar (Alayhis Salaam). After having met, conditions are laid for mutual benefit.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V60 Point 2 V66-70

The Gist of Ruku 10 1. 2. Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) broke the conditions of studentship on three occasions. He was told to separate.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V71/74/77 Point 2 V78

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The Gist of Ruku 11 1. 2. Zul Qarnain (Alexander the Great) has all types of worldly belongings in his possession. In spite of this he was not a rebel nor a devil and for this reason the Qur'aan mentions him in goodness.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V84/85 The Gist of Ruku 12 1. 2. The Mushrikeen (polytheists) are doomed to Jahannum (hell-fire) All their actions will be fruitless and in vein. Point 2 V98

Verse Reference: Point 1 V101 Point 2 V103-105

18.

Surah Maryam (Alayhis Salaam)

The Surah briefly: The rectification of all erroneous thoughts of Prophet Esa (Alayhis Salaam). The Gist of Ruku 1 Mention is made of the birth of Yahya (Alayhis Salaam) which occurred extraordinarily. Verse Reference: V 7 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The birth of Esa (Alayhis Salaam) A summary of the teachings of Esa (Alayhis Salaam)

Verse Reference: Point 1 V16-21 The Gist of Ruku 3 Point 2 V 30-32

49

Mention is made of some peculiarities regarding certain prophets. Verse Reference: V 41/50 The Gist of Ruku 4 Mention is made of some peculiarities regarding certain prophets. Verse Reference: V51/54/56 The Gist of Ruku 5 The result of not understanding the occurrence of the Day of Recompense (i.e. Judgement Day) is due to their involvement in Shirk (polytheism). Verse Reference: V6/81 The Gist of Ruku 6 The conclusion of Surah Maryam Verse Reference: V80-91

18.

Surah Taa Haq

The Surah briefly: The subject matter discussed here is the invitation to Tawheed (monotheism). The Gist of Ruku 1 It is a requirement from the mercy of Ar-Rahman to send guidelines for the guidance of material, however only the right minded ones will take benefit. Verse Reference: V3 - 5 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) recommends for Haroon (Alayhis Salaam) to be a prophet. The favours upon Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) are mentioned.

Verse Reference:

50

Point 1

V29-31

Point 2

V 37-41

The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. Those people with distorted temperaments deny submission to the truth. The sound minded people bow their heads in total submission.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V56 Point 2 V70

The Gist of Ruku 4 After a fulfilment of a condition Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) leaves Egypt and the Antagonists of the truth are annihilated while chasing Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and his people. Verse Reference: V 77/78 The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. Haroon (Alayhis Salaam) falls helpless in reforming the Bani Israel Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) reformed the Bani Israel on his return.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V91 Point 2 V97

The Gist of Ruku 6 There is no type of intercession made for the rejectors of Haq (truth). Verse Reference: V109 The Gist of Ruku 7 1. 2. 3. The incident of Adam (Alayhis Salaam) not observing the command of Allaah. The need of mentioning the reason of the mono/service. Turn a blind eye from the remembrance of Allaah will keep one spiritually blind.

Verse Reference:

51

Point 1

V121

Point 2

V123

Point 3

V125

The Gist of Ruku 8 Effort should be daily exercised to maintain the connection with Allaah and observing of patience. Verse Reference: V130

19.

Surah Ambiya ; The Surah of the Prophets

The Surah briefly: An invitation towards Zikr (remembrance of Allaah) adversities. The Gist of Ruku 1 Invitation towards Zikr (remembrance of Allaah) Verse Reference: V2 The Gist of Ruku 2 Mention is made of the visitation of Allaah Verse Reference: V11 - 15 The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. Mention is made of the Great Sign of Allaah A reminder of activities relating to after death is given and the Prophets were liberated through Divine Assistance throughout all universal and personal

Verse Reference: Point 1 V31 33 Point 2 V35 The Gist of Ruku 4 A reminder of activities relating to after death. Verse Reference: V47

52

The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam) is rescued from the worldly adversity. Lut (Alayhis Salaam) is also rescued from worldly adversity.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 69/70 point 2 V71/74

The Gist of Ruku 6 Several Prophets are liberated from their adversities. Verse Reference: V76/78/79/83-86 The Gist of Ruku 7 1. 2. A reminder of the objectives (i.e. a repeat announcement of Tawheed : unity of Allaah). The Muwahhideen (monotheists) should remain dominant in the Sacred lands.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 108 Point 2 V105

20.

Suratul Haj : Chapter of pilgrimage

The Surah briefly: Liberation in Judgement Day depends on the firmness of ones connection with Allaah. The Gist of Ruku 1 That omnipresent Being who is capable of administering the daily changes of the universe is in full control over the rest of attentions too. Verse Reference: V5-7 The Gist of Ruku 2 There are some people after having made a connection with Allaah, break their connection during the times of trials and tests and helplessly join up with the creation. Verse Reference: V11 -13

53

The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. Mention is made of the reward of those who maintain their connection with Allaah. Mention is made of the chastisement of those who served as obstacles to others entering the dogma of Tawheed (monotheism).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V23 Point 2 V25

The Gist of Ruku 4 Those who maintain their connection with Allaah deep root the Taqes (Allaah Conscious) in the heart by exalting the symbols of Allaah. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 5 Those who maintain their connection with Allaah sacrifice their pure wealth (earnings) to verify their genuine enthusiasm. Verse Reference: V 34/37 The Gist of Ruku 6 Those who maintain their connection with Allaah always support serenity, but at the same time they are always in control to execute the punishment on the rebels of the Holy Lands. Verse Reference: V39 The Gist of Ruku 7 When the prophets (Alayhis Salaam) proclaimed the truth then Shaytaan also took necessary steps in defense. Verse Reference: V52 The Gist of Ruku 8 Those who maintain their connection with Allaah are prepared to bid farewell to their houses and home towns at the time of need.. Allaah Ta'aala stands surety to their needs of necessities. Verse Reference: V58 V32

54

The Gist of Ruku 9 This Ruku serves as an appendix to Ruku 8, meaning that Allaah Ta'aala Himself provides the means of provisions. Verse Reference: V65 The Gist of Ruku 10 1. 2. An explanation is given of the weakness of those people who have a connection with everything else besides Allaah. Further mentions is made of the success of those who have made their connection with Allaah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V23 Point 2 V 77

24.

Suratul Mu'min :

The chapter of the Believer

The Surah briefly: The basis of honour and respect in this world and the Aakhirah (hereafter) depends on the strength of one's connection with Allaah Ta'aala. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. The qualities of those who maintain their connection with Allaah. The need of such a connection.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-11 Point 2 V12-16

The Gist of Ruku 2 A reminder on the visitations of Allaah. Those who did not maintain a connection with Allaah are disgraced. Verse Reference: V24-27 The Gist of Ruku 3 A reminder on the visitations of Allaah. Those who did not maintain a connection with Allaah are despised. Verse Reference: V41

55

The Gist of Ruku 4 1. 2. The purpose and goal of all Prophets (Alayhis Salaam) was one. The result of Ta'leem (teachings) is uniformity and correcting the purpose of creating a connection with Allaah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V51/52 The Gist of Ruku 5 A reminder on the Great Signs of Allaah to turn the attention to creating a connection with Allaah. Verse Reference: V78/79 The Gist of Ruku 6 1. 2. Those who did not maintain their connection with Allaah will be very temperamental on the Day of Recompense (Judgement Day). The procedure of Judgement. Point 2 V53

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 106 Point 2 V102/103

25.

Suratul Moor : The chapter of the Light

The Surah briefly: The laws barring immorality. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. No type of consideration in the execution of the punishment would be made once the immorality has been confined. The immoral one will be banished from the good people. A through investigation of the accuser does not provide a proof then he will in turn be punished

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2 Point 2 V3 point 3 V4

56

The Gist of Ruku 2 The incident of the accusation (i.e. of Hadhrat A'isha (Radhiallahu anhu) serves as an introduction into the Laws of hijabi (Concealment of the Body Islamically). Verse Reference: V11 The Gist of Ruku 3 The balance of the events to the incident of the accusation which is the introduction to the Laws of Hijabi Verse Reference: V22 The Gist of Ruku 4 The Laws of Hijab Verse Reference: V27 The Gist of Ruku 5 Allaah Ta'aala gives a parable of his Divine Light Verse Reference: V35 The Gist of Ruku 6 The different levels of attaining the Divine Light Verse Reference: V45/46 The Gist of Ruku 7 Those who will derive maximum benefit from the Divine Light as desired are promised the vice-regency over the earth. Verse Reference: V55 The Gist of Ruku 8 The Divine Laws of Allaah should be incorrectly implemented. The reason being that the Divine Laws of Hijab were to preserve morality, therefore wherever there is no suspicion of immorality there is not need of Hijab, as with regards to those children who have not yet reached maturity and likewise with very old women. Verse Reference: V58/60

57

The Gist of Ruku 9 The callers of Allaah persist on good company together with the divine Light. Verse Reference:

26.

Suratul Furqaan

The Surah briefly: The previous Surah (i.e. An Noor) was the invitation to the Divine Light whereas this Surah (Al Furqaan) eradicates all possible obstacles to its obedience. The Gist of Ruku 1 A brief discussion of three subjects. 1. 2. 3. At Tawheed (monotheism) The Holy Qur'aan Prophethood.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-3 Point 2 V4-6 Point 3 V7-9

The Gist of Ruku 2 The subject of Prophethood Verse Reference: V20 The Gist of Ruku 3 The settlement of the issue regarding the Holy Qur'aan Verse Reference: V32 The Gist of Ruku 4 The balance of the issue regarding the holy Qur'aan and in addition to this is a reminder on the visitations of Allaah.

58

Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 5 The settlement of the issues regarding At-Tawheed (monotheism). Verse Reference: V 45/47/48 The Gist of Ruku 6 The Qualities of the Servants of Allaah from whom the veils will be raised. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 7 V 63-74

27.

Suratush Shu'araa :

The chapter of the Proofs

The Surah briefly: Towards the end of Suratan Noor the mention of the Light was made and in the end of Suratul Furqaan the veils had been raised. In Suratush Shu'araa the followers of this Light and the antagonists will be divinely dealt with by the qualities of Ar-Raheen (i.e. the merciful) and Al-Aziz (i.e. the mighty) Meaning that Allaah will always deal with the believers leniently and with the disbelievers firmly. Basically this Surah these two qualities are manifested. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. Nabi Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is consoled that he should not over grieve just because the antagonists do not bring faith on the Holy Qur'aan. Had Noor Mahad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) wished, Allaah would have had their necks twisted immediately. Allaah Ta'aala brings forth incidents of the past nations who belied those things that these people (the antagonists) belie.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V3 Point 2 V4 Point 3 V6

The Gist of Ruku 2 The incident of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Fir'oun. The incidents of the past nations are mentioned in this Surah in accordance to their offences. Hence, Fir'oun is a claimant of his Divine Nature and because of this his incident comes first. Verse Reference: V10 The Gist of Ruku 3

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The balance of the incident of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Fir'oun. Verse Reference: V34 The Gist of Ruku 4 The balance of the incident of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Fir'oun. Verse Reference: V52 The Gist of Ruku 5 Fir'oun used to recognise himself as Divine (the incident of which has been mentioned) The people of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) were polytheists and they used to ascribe heavenly bodies as partners to Allaah Ta'aala. Verse Reference: V77 The Gist of Ruku 6 Allaah has mentioned the incident of Noah (Alayhis Salaam) in order to disclose His qualities of "Ar-Raheem" (Most merciful) and "Al-Aziz" (The firm one). Verse Reference: V 105 The Gist of Ruku 7 Mention of Hud (Alayhis Salaam) and his people the Nation A'ad is made. In addition to this is a reminder of the visitations of Allaah. Verse Reference: V123-124 The Gist of Ruku 8 Mention of Saleh (Alayhis Salaam) and his people the nation Thamud is made. This incident also discloses the qualities of "Ar-Raheem" (Most merciful) and "At- Aziz" (the stern one). Verse Reference: V141 - 159 The Gist of Ruku 9 The incident of Lut (Alayhis Salaam) and his people is mentioned.

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Verse Reference: V 160 -175 The Gist of Ruku 10 The incident of Shuaib (Alayhis Salaam) and his people is mentioned and this incident at the same it me disclosed the qualities of "Ar-Raheem" (Most merciful) and "Al Aziz" (Firm one). Verse Reference: V 177 - 180

28.

Suratul Naml : The Chapter of the Ant

The Surah briefly: The punishment used to descend upon the opposers of the truth after the proof had been totally affirmed. For an example so long as the infected area has not fully matured until then the surgeon will not carry out the operation. Likewise the Spiritual Curer will not allow the punishment to be carried out as long as the crime or offence is not affirmed. As if the disbelief (Kufr) of the opposers are poisonous boils and such boils are eliminated once they develop, so that the rest of the body maybe saved from its ill effects. Similarly the disbeliever and polytheists are treated for some time before they are eliminated thence the balance of Spirituality is preserved by their elimination.

The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. The punishment descends upon the opposers of Truth after the proof has been thoroughly affirmed. For instance, the opposers of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) were destroyed because they did not reform in spite of recognising his sincerity and genuineness.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V4 Point 2 V 14

The Gist of Ruku 2 Nabi Suliman (Alayhis Salaam) presents the Da'wah (invitation of Deen to Queen Bilqis. Verse Reference: V 31 The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. The Queen bilqis sends a gift, to Suliman (Alayhis Salaam) after consulting. Suliman (Alayhis Salaam) returns the gift and threatens to uproot the rotten substance (i.e. Shirk) inside them.

61

3.

She reformed after the threat and was saved.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 32/35 Point 2 V 37 Point 3 v 42

The Gist of Ruku 4 1. 2. The People of Salel were annihilated after the rotten substance of Shirk developed. The people of Lut (Alayhis Salaam) were analysed on the same principle.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 49 Point 2 V 56

The Gist of Ruku 5 A reminder on the bounties of Allaah. A Question may arise what is the correlation of this Ruku with the previous one? benefactor has been unjustified when he punishes the people as mentioned before, who ignore His favours! Never!!! Verse Reference: V60/61/62 The Gist of Ruku 6 1. 2. The recompense of those who oppose the truth. Their denial. Can a person ever say that such a Great

Verse Reference: Point 1 V67 Point 2 V 69

The Gist of Ruku 7 The renewal of the claim meaning that, that Day when the rotten substance of Skirt will be extracted shall come and these people will not forget their claim. Verse Reference: V 85

29. Surah Oasis : The Chapter of The Surah briefly:

62

This Surah confirms the prophecies of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Just as Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and the Israelites became victorious over Firoun, likewise Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the Muslims will be victorious over the Kuffar of Meccah. The Gist of Ruku 1 In the incident of Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) and Fir'oun has a prophecy for the Muslims. Verse Reference: V 3 The Gist of Ruku 2 Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) leaves Egypt in his youth without the permission of Fir'oun. He was merely kept for his upbringing in the house of Fir'oun. Now! Had he left with Fir'oun's permission he would have probably departed in a princely fashion. His intended purpose was to have the feeling of the slavery so that he could understand the difficulties the Israelites were going undergoing. Verse Reference: V21 The Gist of Ruku 3 Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) presents himself in the service of Shmaib (Alayhis Salaam). He allows ten years of servitude upon himself just so that he could feel how it is to live a governed life. Verse Reference: V25/27 The Gist of Ruku 4 After spending ten years of a governed life, Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) leaves for Egypt with his family while en route he is granted prophethood. Verse Reference: V 29/32 The Gist of Ruku 5 1. 2. Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) receives the Torah after Fir'oun had drowned. Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) was sent to the Bani Israel. Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was sent to Bani Israel (I.e. the Arabs) and upon them the argument is being finalised.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V43 Point 2 V46/47

The Gist of Ruku 6

63

1. 2.

Round Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) a group of disobedient ones formed and in the like manner a group of disobedient ones will form now (i.e. from the people of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) ). When Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) went to his Capitol City a group of arrogant ones were destroyed and in the very same manner when Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) entered his Capital City (i.e. Meccah) the arrogant ones were destroyed too.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V52 Point 2 V 59

The Gist of Ruku 7 The opposers of the truth will be disgusted on the Day of Judgement, with those things thy worshipped. Verse Reference: V 63 The Gist of Ruku 8 The example of Darun has been illustrated to break the pride of the Kuffar of Meccah. Verse Reference: V76 The Gist of Ruku 9 Everything returns to its origin meaning that the destruction of the arrogant rich ones and the leadership of the poor is all in the control of Allaah. Verse Reference: V83/85

30.

Suratul Ankaboot : The Chapter of the Spider

The Surah briefly: Surah Ankaboot is the appendix of the subject matter in Surah Oasis. Whatever promises of success and leadership has been given to this Ummah (nation) will only be accomplished through the wisdom of Jehad (Holy War) and hijrat (immigration). Since the spirit and morale of Bani Israel for liberation from slavery and quest of honour dies due to their long strenuous plight so for that reason they were made successful through the unseen forces (i.e. Divine Assistance). Whereas here in the case of this Ummah, it is not so. Apparently it seems that through physical forces victory is been attained but in reality it is Divine Assistance. The Gist of Ruku 1 The Ummat of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will be trailed through Jihaad.

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Verse Reference: V 2/6 The Gist of Ruku 2 A reminder on the visitation of Allaah and the incident of Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam) begins here. Verse Reference: V 14/16 The Gist of Ruku 3 A reminder on the visitation of Allaah and the balance for Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam)'s incident as well as Lut's (Alayhis Salaam) is mentioned. Verse Reference: V21/22/18 The Gist of Ruku 4 A reminder on the visitations of Allaah during the incident of Lut (Alayhis Salaam). Thereafter the incident of Shumib (Alayhis Salaam) is mentioned and a review of all the incidents. Verse Reference: V31/32/26/40 The Gist of Ruku 5 One should not bother too much with the opposers of the truth And the connection with Allaah should be strengthened through the medium of the Qur'aan. Verse Reference: V45 The Gist of Ruku 6 If there is a need to migrate, for the purpose of Jihaad in the path of Allaah, then one should do so. Verse Reference: V56 The Gist of Ruku 7 A repeat of the claim by way of conclusion, meaning that when the Muslims will exercise the Jihaad they will be triumphant. Verse Reference: V69

31. Suratur Room : The Chapter of the Romans

65

The Surah briefly: The announcement of the dominance of Islaam thereafter mentioned is made of the reasons of domination and the fundamental of domination. The Gist of Ruku 1 The announcement of the domination of Islaam. In the battle of Badr the Muslims were victorious over the Kuffar of Meccah on the very same day the Romans overpowered the Iranians. Verse Reference: V4 The Gist of Ruku 2 The reasons of domination. Verse Reference: V11/19 The Gist of Ruku 3 The reasons of domination. Verse Reference: V20/27 The Gist of Ruku 4 The eight fundamental of dominance are detailed in the Ruku. Verse Reference: V30-38 The Gist of Ruku 5 Immorality is the cause of corruption in the land and seas. Therefore when the Muslims will dominate then all these immoralities will vanish. Verse Reference: V41 The Gist of Ruku 6 That Omnipotent Being who had the treasures of Power and weakness has the potential of giving to the weal Allaah worshipping army and also weakening the powerful enemy army. Verse Reference: V 54

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32.

Suratul Luqman : The Chapter of Luqman (Alayhis Salaam)

The Surah Briefly From this Holy Book only good doers will benefit. The Gist of Ruku 1 Only the good doers will be showered with the mercy of guidance and imbued with wisdom from this Holy Book. Verse Reference: V2/3 The Gist of Ruku 2 The work pattern of a wise being is discovered from this Book, i.e. these people who will adorn the garment of good deeds from the Book of Wisdom will become likewise. Verse Reference: V12 The Gist of Ruku 3 A reminder on the bounties of Allaah, i.e. It is not appropriately due for such good doer, who as been blessed with such bounties to execute the orders given? Verse Reference: V20/21 The Gist of Ruku 4 A reminder of the bounties of Allaah. I.e. Is not appropriately wise for a good doer, who has been blessed with such bounties, to execute the orders given? Verse Reference: V31

33.

Suratus Sijdah : The Chapter of Prostration

The Surah Briefly An invitation to the Holy Book The Gist of Ruku 1 It is not the Divine urgency of that Omnipotent divine Being who has altered sand into various features and blessed you with the facilities of hearing, seeing and understanding to also send guidance for your spiritual discipline too?

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Verse Reference: 2/7/8/9 The Gist of Ruku 2 The manner in which Allaah deals with those who benefit from His Holy Scripture Verse Reference: 19-20 The Gist of Ruku 3 Just how a group of followers formed around Moosa (Alayhis Salaam) likewise a group of followers will form now too. Verse Reference: V23 & 24 The Gist of Ruku 4

34.

Suratul Ahzaab : Chapter of the Factions

The Surah briefly One should not bother about the Kuffar and Munafiqeen when it comes to fulfilling the obligatory duties. The Gist of Ruku 1 Eight issues in brief Verse Reference: 1) V 1-3 2) First half of Verse 4 3) Second half of Verse 4 4) V6 5) First sentence of Verse 6 6) Remainder of V 6 The Gist of Ruku 2 A detailed explanation of above undefined issues (Ruku 1 should be kept in mind). Verse Reference: V9 - 20 Note: In the 2
nd

and 3 Ruku it is proven that Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) did not bother about the Kuffar and Munagiqeen.

rd

The Gist of Ruku 3

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Detailed explanation of the first issue briefly outlined in Ruku 1. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 4 A detailed explanation of issue two from the first verse i.e. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is not to hearted. Meaning that with one side He pleases Allaah Ta'aala and on the other side He pleases His wives. Verse Reference: V28 The Gist of Ruku 5 A detailed explanation of the third issue. One can marry the wives of his adopted sons (i.e. after they divorce of course) because they do not become ones real/natural sons. Verse Reference: V37

The Gist of Ruku 6 A detailed explanation of the fourth issue Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) understood the interests of the Believers more than the knew themselves. Verse Reference: V45/46 When these types of qualities were found in Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) then due to His blessings, He understood the interests of the Muslims much more. The Gist of Ruku 7 A detailed explanation of issues five & six. The real wives of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are the spiritual matters of the believers. Their veneration and sacredness is like that of a mother and to marry them is eternally forbidden yet they are not your mothers by lineage. For this reason Laws of Hijab are not strictly observed with them. Verse Reference: V53 - 55 The Gist of Ruku 8 A detailed explanation of issue seven. The prophets will be questioned on the Day of Judgement if they conveyed the message and what was the outcome thereof. The Ummat should value the Divine Laws now so that on Judgement day you could testify tests in their favour. Verse Reference: V 59/66/67

69

The Gist of Ruku 9 A detailed explanation of issues nine. O Muslims! Stay away from hearing your Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in any way and learn how to discharge your obligations from the Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) himself. Verse Reference: V69/72/73

35.

Suratul Saba

The Surah Briefly The subject matter here is the clarification on the issue of reward and punishment. The Gist of Ruku 1 The denial of reward and punishment Verse Reference: V3 The Gist of Ruku 2 1) 2) if these people (Kuffar) could become thankful then they would attain leadership like that of Prophets, Dawood (Alayhis Salaam) and Suliman (Alayhis Salaam) and if they refuse to do so then they will be deprived from the favour just as the people of Saba were.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V10/12/13 The Gist of Ruku 3 If one does not maintain a connection with Allaah due to the fear of reward and punishment then to have a connection with everything else besides Allaah will be of no use too. Verse Reference: V22/23 The Gist of Ruku 4 The dispute between a deviated and the one mislead on the Day of Recompensation. Point 2 V15-17

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Verse Reference: V31 - 33 The Gist of Ruku 5 The deviated and misled ones will be disgusted with those very objects of worship that they had confidence in. Verse Reference: V 40/41 The Gist of Ruku 6 Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was informed to tell us that he has not personal motive in letting us know of the Day of recompense. Verse Reference: V47

36.

Surah Fatir : The Chapter of the Origins of the Creation

The Surah Briefly: The necessary warnings are brought through the medium of the Prophets before the Day of Recompensation so that at the time of assessment it cannot be said that we were seized uninformed. The Gist of Ruku 1 There is no Creator besides Allaah Ta'aala and the promise of seizure is a true one. Therefore if one desires reformation he should be practical on the teachings he received through the medium of the great Angels. Verse Reference: C 1/3/5 The Gist of Ruku 2 Just as Brackish sea water and sweet ocean water cannot be equal likewise a beneficiary of revelation and its rejecter can never be equal. Verse Reference: V12 The Gist of Ruku 3 Just as light and darkness, shade and sun, the living and the dead cannot be equal likewise a beneficiary of revelation and its rejecter can never be equal. Verse Reference: V18-22 The Gist of Ruku 4

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Just as various tastes, colours and specialties can be achieved from water substance the heart experiences various conditions once the door of Divine Mercy is open unto it. Verse Reference: V27/28 The Gist of Ruku 5 We (i.e. Allaah) have opened the door of Divine Mercy by making you our vice-regents so if you take benefit then the gain is ours otherwise the loss is yours too. Verse Reference: V 39

37.

Surah Y_sin

The Surah Briefly The Gist of Ruku 1 Three Issues in brief: 1. 2. 3. Prophethood Tawheed (monotheism Unity of Allaah) Reward and recompensation

Verse Reference: Point 1 V3 Point 2 V5-11 Point 3 V12

The Gist of Ruku 2 A detailed explanation of the issue on Prophethood. Verse Reference: V13-30 The Gist of Ruku 3 A detailed explanation of the issue on Tawheed. Verse Reference: V33 The Gist of Ruku 4

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A detailed explanation on the issue on recompensation. Verse Reference: V51 The Gist of Ruku 5 A repetition of the 3 issue as a conclusion: 1. 2. 3. Prophethood Tawheed Recompensation

Verse Reference: Point 1 V69/70 Point 2 V71/77 Point 3 V78/82

38.

Suratus Saffaat : The Chapter of those ranged in Ranks

The Surah Briefly An invitation to Tawheed (monotheism) The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. An invitation to Tawheed The reason that people negate recompensation is because they do not see the need of Tawheed.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V13 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. An invitation to Tawheed In addition, a reminder to activities after death is made. Point 2 V16

Verse Reference: Point 1 V22/26 Point 2 V 35/40/74

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The Gist of Ruku 3 The success of the Muwahideen (monotheists). Verse Reference: V 80/81/86/110/111 The Gist of Ruku 4 The success of the Muwahideen (monotheists). Verse Reference: V121/122/125/126/128/131/132 The Gist of Ruku 5 The success of the Muwahideen (monotheists). Verse Reference: V171

39.

Surah S_ad :

The Surah Briefly All the past nations were ruined due to them belying the prophets and had these nations opted respect and had they returned to Allaah through penitence they could have saved themselves The Gist of Ruku 1 The Kuffar of Meccah regarded the Messenger of Qur'aan as a magician/sorcerer whereas in reality the denial was the very same reason for the destruction of all the previous nations. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 2 Even now if they (Kuffar) are prepared to choose respect and return to Allaah through penitence, the Divine Mercy of Allaah is prepared to enshroud them. Verse Reference: V 24/25 Note: these incidents are narrated for us to take a lesson from. From this narration it is learned that through penitence and seeking forgiveness the Divine Mercy of Allaah returns. V 4/14

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The Gist of Ruku 3 The Divine Mercy of Allaah would return if these people can only choose respect and penitence. Verse Reference: V30 Note: After this verse, mention is made of the incident of Suliman (Alayhis Salaam) when he has great respect to Allaah. The Gist of Ruku 4 Respect and penitence to Allaah is the transforming Divine Mercy and the opposers should actually opt for this. Verse Reference: V 44 The Gist of Ruku 5 The need for returning to Allaah through penitence. Verse Reference: C 82/83

40.

Suratuz Zumar

The Surah Briefly: Sincerity in Worship The Gist of Ruku 1 An invitation is given to sincerity in worship by recalling the bounties of Allaah. Verse Reference: V2-6/8 The Gist of Ruku 2 An invitation is given to sincerity in worship by a reminder on activities to occur after death. Verse Reference: V11/14/16/17/20 The Gist of Ruku 3 An invitation to sincerity in worship by a reminder on the visitations of Allaah.

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Verse Reference: V25/29 The Gist of Ruku 4 Allaah announces Divine Protection for the sincere worshippers. Verse Reference: V36/38 The Gist of Ruku 5 Intercession is denied to the insincere worshippers. Verse Reference: V43/44/45/46 The Gist of Ruku 6 The announcement of salvation for the sincere worshippers. Verse Reference: V53/54/61/62 The Gist of Ruku 7 The chastisement of those who abandon sincerity. Verse Reference: V64-67

The Gist of Ruku 8 The consequences of the sincere and insincere ones pertaining to after-life. Verse Reference: V72-74 The Gist of Ruku 9

41. Suratul Mu'min : The Chapter of the Believer The Surah Briefly All these seven Surah's will begin with the Haa Meerm were revealed in the Meccan period. Each of these Surah's extend an invitation towards the Holy Qur'aan.

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Nevertheless each one has a distinct mode of approach. Hence, this Surah (Al Mu'min) warns the opposers of the Holy Qur'aan. The Gist of Ruku 1 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on the visitation of Allaah. Verse Reference: V 5/6 The Gist of Ruku 2 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder of the events after death. Verse Reference: V10/18 The Gist of Ruku 3 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on the visitation of Allaah. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 4 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on the visitation of Allaah and on the events after death. Verse Reference: C 30/32 The Gist of Ruku 5 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on events after death and on the visitation of Allaah. Verse Reference: V43/45/46 The Gist of Ruku 6 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on events after death. Verse Reference: V 52/60 The Gist of Ruku 7 V 21/22

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A reminder of the bounties of Allaah i.e. that very Being whom we threatened you about going against. His commands holds many virtues too. Verse Reference: V61/62/64/67/68 The Gist of Ruku 8 The opposers of the Holy Qur'aan are warned by way of an reminder on events after death. Verse Reference: V70-72/76/78 The Gist of Ruku 9 A reminder of the bounties of Allaah and his visitations as well. Verse Reference: V79/82

42.

Surah Haa Meem As Sajdah: the chapter of the Haa Meem, the Prostration

The Surah briefly: An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. The Qur'aan was revealed on the demand of "Ar-Rahman" (The compassionate) and "Ar-Raheem) (The Most merciful). The Gist of Ruku 1 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan and incidentally the Holy Qur'aan was designed as an invitation towards Tawheed (monotheism). Verse Reference: V2/6 The Gist of Ruku 2 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan and the purpose of the Holy Qur'aan itaels is an invitation to Tawheed (monotheism). In addition to this is a reminder on the bounties of Allaah and His visitations too. Verse Reference: V9/3/15/17 The Gist of Ruku 3 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan and the purpose of The Holy Qur'aan itself is an invitation towards Tawheed (monotheism). In addition to this is a reminder on the events after death. Verse Reference: V19/20/23/25

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The Gist of Ruku 4 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan and the Holy Qur'aan itself is aimed at calling towards Tawheed (monotheism). In addition to this is a reminder on the vents after death. Verse Reference: V 27/28 The Gist of Ruku 5 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan and the purpose of the Holy Qur'aan itself is an invitation towards Tawheed. Verse Reference: V33/37/38/39 The Gist of Ruku 6 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan and the purpose of the Holy Qur'aan itself is an invitation towards Tawheed. Verse Reference: V 47/48

43.

Suratush Suraa:

the chapter of the

The Surah briefly An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. In particular reference is made to the fact that the Revelation of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was similar to the revelation of the past prophet, hence there is no possibility of them denying anything. The Gist of Ruku 1 The revelation of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was similar to that of the past Prophets. Hence, there is no possibility of denying anything Verse Reference: V 3/7 The Gist of Ruku 2 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. Particularly reference is made to the similarity of the Revelation of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to other Prophets. Verse Reference: V 13/15 The Gist of Ruku 3 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan.

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Verse Reference: V21/24 The Gist of Ruku 4 Those who disputed in the signs of Allaah will never be salvated. (??) Yes! Those who bring faith will be granted salvation and this is their praiseworthy quality. Verse Reference: V35-39 The Gist of Ruku 5 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. Verse Reference: V 51/52

44.

Suratuz Zukhruf : The chapter of the

The Surah Briefly: The Holy Qur'aan will not be raised from the earth by you turning away from it. The Gist of Ruku 1 The Holy Qur'aan will not be raised from the earth by you turning away from it. Verse Reference: V5/7 The Gist of Ruku 2 An Invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. Verse Reference: V 24 The Gist of Ruku 3 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. Verse Reference: V30/31 The Gist of Ruku 4 An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan.

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Verse Reference: V36/43/44 The Gist of Ruku 5 An invitation to the holy Qur'aan by a reminder on the visitation of Allaah. Verse Reference: V46/47 The Gist of Ruku 6 An answer is given to the Kuffar of Meccah to clear a doubt. The result of the teachings of the Holy Qur'aan is the lesson of Tawheed. So whenever the mention of Essa (Alayhis Salaam) comes then the Kuffar of Meccah used to say that the holy Qur'aan respects the Lord of the Christians but it abuses our Lords. Here is an answer to the above doubt. Verse Reference: V 57 The Gist of Ruku 7 An invitation to the Holy Quraan Verse Reference: V68/69/78

44.

Suratud Dakan : The Chapter of the

The Surah Briefly An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. The illuminated Book was revealed on the Blessed Night and it is on this Blessed Night the decision of all matters are made. If any one does not follow the holy Qur'aan then he will not be able to save himself from the worldly and hereafter torments. The Gist of Ruku 1 A reminder on the visitation of Allaah. Fir'oun was affiliated with worldly punishments because he turned from the Divine Laws. Verse Reference: V17/24

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The Gist of Ruku 2 A reminder op the visitations of Allaah. The nation of Tubb'a were annihilated due to their opposition to the Divine Laws Verse Reference: V 37 The Gist of Ruku 3 Allaah announces a punishment in the hereafter for those who deny the Divine Laws. Verse Reference: V43/44 The Gist of Ruku 4

45. Suratul Jathiya The Surah Briefly: An invitation to the Holy Qur'aan. A further detailed topic discussed is that honour and respect is limited within the confines of following the holy Qur'aan. The Gist of Ruku 1 Disgrace is inevitable on those who abandon the following of the Book of Allaah. Verse Reference: V7-11 The Gist of Ruku 2 You should follow that Shariah (code of life) which you received, through the medium of the Qur'aan, and do not pay any attention to the desires of the Kuffar. Verse Reference: V18 The Gist of Ruku 3 Sound mindedness is taken away when one abandons the following of the Book of Allaah. Verse Reference: V23 The Gist of Ruku 4

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Those who mocked the signs of Allaah will be deprived of Divine Mercy on Judgement Day and they will be flanged into hell. Verse Reference: V 34/35

46. Suratul - Ahqaaf The Surah Briefly Giving grace after having presented the invitation (of the truth) is part of the system of Allaah. The Gist of Ruku 1 The time period of everything is appointed therefore the annihilation of the Kuffar, because of their turning away, is also fixed. Verse Reference: V3/6 The Gist of Ruku 2 It is part of the system of Allaah to give grace to the Kuffar after they have turned away (from the truth). Verse Reference: V20 The Gist of Ruku 3 The mention of the nation of Aad is made by way of a reminder on the visitation of Allaah. (i.e. people are afflicted with a punishment due to denying the warning of a warner/inviter). Verse Reference: V21/23 The Gist of Ruku 4 Those who turn away from the Holy Book will not be able to save themselves at the time when the punishment comes. Nevertheless to give grace is still part of the system of Allaah. Verse Reference: V 27/28/34/35 47. Surah Mohammed : The Chapter of the Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) The Surah Briefly: Islaam is compared against Kufr (i.e. disbelief) and Nifaaq (hypocrisy)

83

The Gist of Ruku 1 The comparison of Islaam against Kufr. Verse Reference: V 1/3/8/9/11 Relates to kufr V 2/3/4/5/11 relates to Islaam The Gist of Ruku 2 The comparison of Islaam against kufr. Verse Reference: V 12/14/15/16/ relates to kufr V 12/14/15/16/ relates to Islaam The Gist of Ruku 3 The comparison of Islaam against Kuft and Nifaaq. Verse Reference: V 20 relates to kufr and Islaam. The Gist of Ruku 4 The comparison of Islaam against kufr and Nifaaq. Verse Reference: V 34 relates to kufr V35 relates to Islaam.

48. Suratul Fath : The Chapter of the Conquest The Surah Briefly: Glad tidings on the victory of Islaam with the conditions of the victory. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. Mention is made of the four promises in the leadership of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

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2.

The Divine Curse upon the hypocrites and polytheists and the prophecy of their admittance into hell.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2 Point 2 V6

The Gist of Ruku 2 Mention is made of those who remained behind and the helpless ones. Verse Reference: V11/12/17 The Gist of Ruku 3 The consequences of taking a pledge of death. Verse Reference: V18 - 21 The Gist of Ruku 4 1. 2. A general announcement on the dominance of Islaam The followers of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are persuaded to accept one principle i.e. they should be hard against the disbeliever's and soft amongst themselves.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V28 Point 2 V29

49. Suratul Hijaraat : The Chapter of the The Surah Briefly: The rules and regulations of mutual relations amongst the Muslims. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. How should one have a relationship with his Ameer (leader) How should the distant miserable condition brothers maintain a relationship with the Ameer (leader) How should one maintain the relationship with those who are based in the headquarters and perchance the relationship is spoiled then how should one rectify the situation.

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Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-5 Point 2 V 6-8 Point 3 V 9/10

The Gist of Ruku 2 Such a mode of conduct should be exorcised amongst each other that no tension should be sensed. Verse Reference: V11/12 The Gist of Ruku 3

50. Surah Qaaf : The Chapter of the The Surah Briefly: Confirming the issues on Re-compensation The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. Had these people contemplated over the Holy Qur'aan then amongst themselves no doubt would have remained regarding Prophethood. The actual reason of denial is the denial of the Day of Re-compensation. Had these people pondered over the annihilation of the previous nations, they would realise that the cause of their destruction was in reality belying of the Prophets.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V3 Point 3 V13/14

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. These people are the deniers of Re-compensation while we are preparing for it every moment of time. On that day (i.e. Judgement Day) the deviated ones and the deceivers will blame each other, this hostility will be futile.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V18 point 2 V23-28

The Gist of Ruku 3 1. It is necessary to respect Allaah and to return to Him through penitence in order to be saved from this punishment.

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2. 3.

If they continue doing so then you should continuing strengthening your connection with Allaah daily, and Continue disciplining the eager ones.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 31-33 Point 2 V 39/40 Point 3 V45

51.

Suratuz Zaariyaat : The Chapter of the

The Surah briefly: Compensation of deed is certain. The Gist of Ruku 1 Re-compensation will definitely occur. Verse Reference: V 5/6/13/16/23 The Gist of Ruku 2 Compensation of deeds is certain. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. Compensation of deeds is certain The purpose of the creation if Man and Jinn V32/38-46

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 49 52. Point 2 V56

Suratul Toor : The Chapter of the

The Surah Briefly: The punishment of evil actions is certain. The Gist of Ruku 1

87

The punishment will befall the antagonists of the truth. Verse Reference: V7/11/13/14/16 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. Allaah Ta'aala commands Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to continue propagating. Do they think that by them not accepting your directives it will prevent the forthcoming events.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V29 Point 1 V30/32/33/35-43

53.

Suratun Najm : The Chapter of the Stars

The Surah Briefly: The traditions or sayings of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are Divine Revelation too and your (i.e. Kuffar) beliefs are based on mental evaluations. The Gist of Ruku 1 The prophetic traditions are Divine Revelation too and your beliefs are purely mental assumptions. Verse Reference: V2/4/5/10/23 The Gist of Ruku 2 Their (i.e Kuffar) beliefs are merely assumptions so you should not bother about them. Verse Reference: V27/28/29 The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. 3. Don't these people know that every person will be recompensed for his actions Allaah Ta'aala will recompense the people by Himself, therefore He ruined Had, Thamud, the people of Noah (Alayhis Salaam) etc as punishment for their evil deeds.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V41 Point 2 V 42 Point 3 V50-54

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The Gist of Ruku 4

54. Suratul Qzmr : The Chapter of the Moon The Surah briefly: Removing the idea that Qijamat (Judgement Day) is a far-fetched thing. Qijamat means when the whole universe will be in a condition for turmoil and havoc the matter regarding the breaking of a heavenly body (i.e. the splitting of the moon) from the universe is a clear proof that the remaining heavenly bodies will also encounter weaknesses and perish. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. Removing the thought that Judgement day is far-fetched. A reminder on the visitations of Allaah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 1 point 2 V 9-16/18

The Gist of Ruku 2 A reminder on the visitations of Allaah. Verse Reference: V23-31/33-37 The Gist of Ruku 3 A reminder on the visitations of Allaah. Verse Reference: V41

55.

Suratur Rahman : The Chapter of the Compassionate

The Surah Briefly: This Surah is an answer to the question "Who is Ar-Rahman?" That the Kuffar posed. Allaah knows best! The Gist of Ruku 1

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A reminder of the bounties of Allaah. Verse Reference: V2/3/4/7/11 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. 3. Everything will definitely perish That Benefactor who has showed favours upon you will take your reckoning Those who misused the favours will be dealt with in the manner as mentioned in V43.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V26 Point 2 V31 Point 3 V41

The Gist of Ruku 3 Allaah will deal with those who need their favours properly in the manner as mentioned inverses 46/48. Verse Reference: V46/48

56.

Suratul Waqiah : The Chapter of the

The Surah Briefly: On the day of Judgement there will be three categories of people. Two categories will be salvated and the third one doomed. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. The categories briefly outlined Mention is made of the bounties of the two salvated categories will receive.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V7-11 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. Mention is made of how Allaah will deal with the Ashabush Shima (i.e. the dwellers of hell) Removing the thought that resurrection is far-fetched Point 2 V12-37

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Verse Reference: Point 1 V 41/42 Point 2 V62

The Gist of Ruku 3 A repetition on how Allaah will deal with all three categories as a conclusion. Verse Reference: V88/94

57.

Suratul Hadeed : The Chapter of Iron

The Surah Briefly: The manner in which to achieve Dominion. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. If one desires respect and authority then one should lay oneself completely in the wishes of Allaah. Learn how to spend in the path of Allaah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-3 Point 2 V10

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. When one spends then in this world his Imaan progresses and in the hereafter he receives Nur (i.e. celestial light) When one avoids spending (in the path of Allaah) then in this world he acquires hypocrisy and the Nur is snatched away from him in the hereafter.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V12 Point 2 V13

The Gist of Ruku 3 When one avoids spending in the path of Allaah then he is diseased with vain glory and amassment in wealth and offspring, etc. Verse Reference: V20 The Gist of Ruku 4

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Allaah has mercy and compassion in sight for His creation. There should be no blending of innovations with these laws revealed from Allaah Ta'aala. Verse Reference: V27

58. Surahyk Mujadalah : The Chapter of the The Surah briefly: Several topics of discussion: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The obligations of the Muslims Political Party Their own constitution The Political Party elect their Head The execution of the Laws from the point of the leadership Mention is made of those people who are not worthy of being part of the politic Party.

The Gist of Ruku 1 It is permissible to sit separately with the authorities in order to listen to the grievances. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. 3. 4. The authorities should keep in mind that Allaah Ta'aala is Omnipresent. Their constitution The head of the Political Party should be a knowledgeable one. Obedience to the Head. V1

Verse Reference: Point 1 V7 Point 2 V9 Point 3 V11 Point 4 V11

The Gist of Ruku 3 Those who keep friendship with the enemies of Islaam cannot be part of counselling body. Verse Reference: V14-19

59. Suratul Hashr

: The Chapter of the Gathering

92

The Surah briefly: Five issues are highlighted here: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The initiation of Muslim Rule The reasons of survival The reasons of destruction It is impossible for one who remains practical on the Qur'aan to be disgraced in the world. The conditions of how to take benefit from the holy Qur'aan.

The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. How Muslim rule originates What are the means of survival

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2 The Gist of Ruku 2 The causes of the Rule collapsing. Verse Reference: V11 The explanation is as following: That whenever hypocrites arise in any people through it may appear as if they are united with the people while secretly they hold good relations with the enemies and at the same time they make all-out effort for the friendship with them, then at this point the decline of the Rule begins. Therefore in this Ruku the Muslims are informed of the conditions of such treacherous people so that the Muslims may take precautions. The Gist of Ruku 3 1. 2. It is impossible for a person to be disgraced in this world when he was practical on the Holy Qur'aan. The conditions of taking benefit from the Qur'aan until and unless there is not exclusive firm belief with regards to Allaah Ta'aala in the heart and no estimation of His might and strength then till then no benefit can be derived from the laws and Commands of man. Point 2 V7-10

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 20 Point 2 V21-24

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60. Suratul mumtahinah : The Chapter of the Women to be examined The Surah briefly: Breaking ties from the Kuffar (disbelievers) The Gist of Ruku 1 The reasons of breaking ties. Verse Reference: V1 The Gist of Ruku 2 The categories of Kuffar are two kinds: 1. 2. The first category is those with whom reconciliation is not permissible The second category is those with whom fighting is not permissible.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V8 Point 2 V9

61. Suratus Saff : The Chapter of Battle Array The Surah briefly: The duties of the Self Sacrificers: There are three useful groups in any people: namely, the learned ones, The Wealthy and the Self-Sacrificers. If these three groups fulfil their duties then such a people will strengthen and on the contrary if any one group neglects its duties then these people will be destroyed. So for this reason Suratul Saff elaborates the duties of the Self-Sacrificers and Suratul Jumu'ah elaborates the duties of the learned and Suratul Munafiqeen exhorts the duties of the wealthy. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. The status of the Self-sacrificers in the eyes of Allaah. The punishment in the instance of not fulfilling the duties The field of discharging these duties.

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Verse Reference: Point 1 V 4 Point 2 V 5 Point 3 V7

The Gist of Ruku 2 The reward of the most believed actions to Allaah. Verse Reference: V12/13

62.

Surah Jumunah : The Chapter of the Assembly (Friday) Prayer

The Surah briefly: The duties of the learned scholars (noble Ulema) The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. The duties of the learned Scholars The punishment in the instance of not fulfilling the duties. The standard of discharging the duties.

Verse Reference: V9 The Gist of Ruku 2 Jumunah (Friday) is the day of the propagation of the Holy Qur'aan. For this reason it is incumbent upon every Muslim that he participates in the prayer. Verse Reference: V9

63.

Suratul Munafiqeen : The Chapter of the Hypocrites

The Surah briefly: The duties of the Wealthy.

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The Gist of Ruku 1 The wealthy will be ruled as Munafiqeen (hypocrites) if they do not spend in the path of Allaah in spite of having the means. Verse Reference: V7 The Gist of Ruku 2 The Muslims are forced to be alert just so that the disease of hypocrisy does not cause to grow from within. Verse Reference: V9/10

64.

Surah

: The Chapter of the

The Surah briefly: 1. 2. 3. The verses of the souls and universe compel us to follow Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) The following of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will result in a great success on the day of Judgement Reasoning of the obstacles.

The Gist of Ruku 1 The verses of the souls and universe compels us to follow Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) which will result in a great success on the Day of Judgement. Verse Reference: V2 regarding the souls, V5 regarding the universe V9 Regarding the great success. The Gist of Ruku 2 Many difficulties will be encounted when one strives to follow the Light (Nru) and at these times one should not shirk from the path. The obstacles should be removed. i.e. all these obstacles which may stand in the way of good action and Imaam. Verse Reference: V11/14/15

65.

Suratut Talaq

: The Chapter of Divorce

The Surah briefly:

96

In Huququl Ibaad (i.e. Rights of the people) it is not permissible to amend or abrogate any law. The Gist of Ruku 1 Issues pertaining to divorce. Verse Reference: The Gist of Ruku 2 The divine punishment of Allaah Ta'aala also appear dur to amendment and abrogations of Huququl-Ibaad. Verse Reference: V8 V1

66.

Suratut Tahreem : The chapter of Holding (Something) to be forbidden

The Surah briefly: Nothing should serve as a hindrance to the standard duty (obligation of man) The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. Even if the Pure Wives of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had to serve as a hindrance to His Standard obligations, then he would have divorced them too On an analogy of 1). It is duty of the Muslims to save their kith and kin from Johannam together with themselves i.e. people should be obstacles to each other in the carrying out of their standard duties in Islaam.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 4/5 Point 2 V6.

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The good recompense of turning to Allaah genuinely. Worldly relationships with the Divine don't matter when one is not any subservient to Allaah

Verse Reference: Point 1 V8 Point 2 V do

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67.

Surah Mulk

: The Chapter of Dominion

The Surah briefly: It is said to the oppressors, accept Allaah Ta'aala as the Sovereign to the system of the universe and give proof of loyalty! The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. 4. Allaah Ta'aala is the Sovereign of the entire universe because He has created it Whosoever rebels against His sovereignty will be flung into prison and that prison is Jahunnum Whosoever proves loyalty will be forgiven and rewarded tremendously.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 1 Point 2 V3-5 Point 3 6-11 Point 4 V12

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. He (i.e Allaah is capable of inflicting various types of punishments from the heavens and earths 2. Your armies (i.e. armies of the opposers) are incompetent on comparison to his. Verse Reference: Point 1 V16/17 Point 2 V20

The Gist of Ruku 3

68.

Suratul Qalam : Chapter of the Pen

The Surah briefly: If you (i.e. Kuffar) understand this Deen to be fake then you also have pens in your possession so writ about a Qur'aan similar to this. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. 4. These Kuffar made allegations on Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will receive countless rewards for His patience Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was told not to accept any of their matters These people will in the end endure losses like the people of the Orchids (as mentioned in Surah Kahf).

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Verse Reference: Point 1 V2 Point 2 V 3 Point 3 V8 Point 4 V 17

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. Yes indeed! The opposers and supporters can never be equal Do the following (see verse ref 2) to prevent you (i.e. Kuffar) from bringing Imaan on the Holy Qur'aan.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V34/35 Point 2 V37/39/41/42/47

69.

Suratul Haaqqah :

The Chapter of the Sure Reality

The Surah briefly: Re-compensations on deeds are received both in this world and the hereafter. The Gist of Ruku 1 The nations of Aad, Thamud and Fir'oun etc. received punishment in this world and will still receive in the hereafter. Verse Reference: V5/6/9/19-24/25-27 The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. 3. This Holy Qur'aan was brought down by the esteemed messenger (i.e. Jibrael (Alayhis Salaam) ) It is the Sustainer of the universe who revealed it Nevertheless, only the Allaah conscious one's will derive benefit.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 40 Point 2 V43 Point 3 V48

70.

Suratul Ma'arit : the Chapter of the Ways of Ascent

The Surah briefly: As detailed explanation on the Day of Reward and Punishment

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The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. A detailed explanation on the Day of Re-compensation The praiseworthy qualities of the Jannaties (i.e. People of Paradise).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V 8-14 Point 2 V22-34

The Gist of Ruku 2 Leave the deniers of Qiyamat in their immortal and vain pursuit for they will be present on Judgement Day, to witness all that they did. Verse Reference: V42-44

71.

Suratun Noah :

The Chapter of Noah (Alayhis Salaam)

The Surah briefly: The propagation procedures of the Prophets. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. The purpose of Tabligh (propagation) The day and night activities in Tabligh (i.e. propagation) The arrangement of excellent results by accepting the commands.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V3 Point 2 V5 Point 3 V10-12

The Gist of Ruku 2 If the invited ones do not appreciate the sincerity of the inviter then the mere pain of the oppressed one's heart is good enough to cause such a people to burn (i.e. in hell-fire). Verse Reference: V25/26

72.

Suratul Jinn : The chapter of the Jinn

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The Surah briefly: Just as the right-minded human beings are thirsty for the life giving water of the Qur'aan similarly are the right minded Jinn looking forward to this Qur'aan. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. The Jinn take immediate effect by listening to the Qur'aan, and They immediately proceed to propagate the message to their people.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V2-14

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. 3. The purpose of Tabligh (propagation) is invitation towards Allaah The Prophets are not possessors f any one's loss or gain Their duty is the propagation of the Divine Laws

Verse Reference: Point 1 V20 Point 2 V24 Point 3 V 23

73.

Suratul Muzamit : The Chapter of the One Folded in Garments

The Surah briefly: The principles of a propagator The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. 4. The propagator prepares himself before the propagation Time allocation of a propagator The connection of propagator with Allaah The destruction of the opposers after the propagation

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2-4 Point 2 V6-7 Point 3 V8 Point 4 V1-13

101

The Gist of Ruku 2 The acts of worship have been moderated because the era of the people of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is so much more vast. Verse Reference: V20

74.

Suratul Mudathir

: The Chapter of the Wrapped-One

The Surah briefly: Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had to merely fulfil the rights of propagation to the creation of Allaah and leave the destruction of the opposers to Allaah. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had to fulfil the rights of Tabligh, and He had to hand over the beliers to Allaah.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2 Point 2 V11

The Gist of Ruku 2 In the denial remains perpetual and the aversion from physical and monetary acts of worship continues then entrance to Hell is definitely and salvation impossible. Verse Reference: 42/48

75. Suratul Qiyaamah : The Chapter of Judgement Day The Surah briefly: The Confirmation of Judgement Day The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. 4. Confirmation of Qiyaamah by verse of the Souls The harms of denying Qiyaamah The reasons of denying Qiyaamah The various categories of people on Qiyaamah

102

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-4 Point 2 V5-6 Point 3 V21/21 Point 4 V22/23

The Gist of Ruku 2 Removing the thought of Qiyaamah being far-fetched. Verse Reference: V36-40

76. Suratul Dahr : The Chapter of Time or Man The Surah briefly: Negation of atheism or materialism The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. 4. Affirmation of a Creation Types of Man The qualities of those who accept a Creator The rewards of their actions

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V3 Point 3 V7-10 Point 4 V11-21

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The way of those who obey the Creator The explanation of the helplessness of the creation

Verse Reference: Point 1 V24-26 Point 2 V28

103

77. Suratul Mursalqat : The Chapter of Those Sent Forth The Surah Briefly: The issue of recompensation The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. Affirmation of Recompensation A detailed explanation of the Day of Recompensation The Dreadful consequences of those who deny the Day of Recompensation.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-7 Point 2 V8-15 Point 3 V29-40

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The excellent rewards for those who believe in the Day of Recompensation A repeated warning

Verse Reference: Point 1 V41-44 Point 2 V46-50

78. Suratun Naba : The Surah Briefly:

The Chapter of the Great News

The detailed explanation of the Day of Re-compensation is based on the principles of the farmers. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. Just as the plantation itself is the primary concern and the equipment of farming is supplied accordingly likewise in the system of the entire universe man is the only object of concern and everything else falls secondary. Just as the plantation has a day of harvest whereby the crop and husk is separated, likewise here there is a need for a day of separation wherein the two types of people are distinguished.

104

Verse Reference: Point 1 V2-16 Point 2 V17

The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. The Allaah conscious one's (who are like the crop) are rewarded Besides their reward they will be additionally gifted

Verse Reference: Point 1 V31 Point 2 V32

79.

Suratun Naziaat :

The Chapter of those who

The Surah Briefly: Re-compensation The Gist of Ruku 1 Removing the thought that Qiyaamah is far-feteched. Verse Reference: V1-6/15 It is evident in the first example at the very moment of the last breath everything is out of one's control in one instant.. this is a physical change In the second example an immediate spiritual change is evident. Just as we notice daily the physical change occurring likewise an analogy can be made on the universal changes or specific change. The Gist of Ruku 2 1. 2. Removing the thought of Qiyaamah being far-fetched There will be two categories of people on Judgement Day.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V27-33 Point 2 V37-41

80.

Surah Abasa

The Chapter He (Who) Frowned

105

The Surah Briefly: Equality in teachings. The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. 3. 4. In the teachings of Deen (Islaam) the worldly conscious people should not be considered. The eminence of the pages of the Holy Qur'aan The beginning of creation and the end of life When through one way the needs of living are seen to and in which the poor and rich derive equal benefits then why should there be no equality in the teachings of Deen.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V5 Point 2 V11-14 Point 3 V18/21 Point 4 V24-42

81.

Suratut Takweer

The chapter of the Folding-up

The Gist of Ruku 1 1. The manner in which a Nabi receives knowledge and from where it comes!

Verse Reference: V19/20

82. Suratul Infitaar : The Chapter of the Cleaving Asunder The Gist of Ruku 1 1. 2. Do not sever the connection with one's Creator otherwise there will be no hope of any good on the Day Re-compensation. Once the connection with Allaah deteriorates then too no one can assist another.

Verse Reference:

106

Point 1

V6

Point 2

V19

83.

Suratul Mutaffifeen : The Chapter of Dealing in Fraud

The Gist of Ruku 1 The warning against Tatfeef (i.e. to take in full your share but to give the next one his share with a shortage). Verse Reference: 1-3

84. Suratul Inshiqaq The Gist of Ruku 1

: The chapter of the Rending Asunder

A Detail explanation of the receiving of records books on the Day of Re-compensation Verse Reference: V7-13

85.

Suratul Buroo

: The Chapter of the Zodiacal Signs

The Gist of the Ruku Those who tortured the hearts of the worshippers of Allaah will never escape the seize of Allaah. Verse Reference: V10

86.

Suratul Tariq : The Chapter of the Night Visitant

The Gist of the Ruku Removing the thought of Qiyaamah being far-fetched. Verse Reference:

107

87.

Suratul A'ala : The chapter of the Most High

The Gist of the Ruku 1. 2. The need of Prophethood The manner of the teachings of Prophethood

Verse Reference: Point 1 V4-6 Point 2 V9

88. Suratul Ghashiya : The Chapter of the Overbearing Event The Gist of the Ruku The different categories of those who did actions (deeds) and their consequences. Verse Reference: V2-16

89. Suratul Fajr : The Chapter of the Dawn The Gist of the Ruku 1. 2. The reward and punishments of deeds begin in this world Generally difficulties befall a person because of immoral actions

Verse Reference: Point 1 V11-13 Point 2 V17-20

90.

Suratul Balad : The Chapter of the City

The Gist of the Ruku Man has not come in this world in search of comforts but instead to do work (of Deen). Verse Reference: V4

108

91

Suratush Shems : The Chapter of the Sun

The Gist of the Ruku The omnipotent being made the universe witness from the beginning that the people with values and morals were saved while those with immoralities have fallen into the pit of disgrace. The nation of Thamud are illustrated here by example. Verse Reference: V9-11

92

Suratul Lail : The Chapter of the Night

The Gist of the Ruku 1. 2. 3. Due to different natural forces and effects of extreme elements a definite difference of action is found in mankind Those with praiseworthy qualities will definitely be saved in this world and the hereafter Those with immoral qualities will definitely be disgraced in this world and the hereafter.

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1/2/3/4 Point 2 V5-10 Point 3 V

93. Suratud Duha : The Chapter of the Glorious Morning The Gist of the Ruku The interim period of Revelation is the cause of perfecting the forces of Imaam. Verse Reference: V1-4

94.

Surah Alam Nashrah : The Chapter of the Expansion

The Gist of the Ruku

109

This surah serves as an appendix to the previous one

95. Suratut Teen : The Chapter of the Fig The Gist of the Ruku If man fulfils his obligations then he is the best of creation and if not then he is the worst of creation. Verse Reference: 5/6

96.

Suratul Alaq : The Chapter of the Leech like clot

The Gist of the Ruku 1. 2. Remain sleepless for the propagation of the Deen (O Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) ) and Hand-over the punishment of the Kuffar to us (i.e. Allaah).

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1-5 Point 2 V15

97.

Suratul Qasr : The Chapter of the night of Power

The Gist of the Ruku 1. The Qur'aan descended from the Loh-e-mahgooz (i.e. the Preserved Tablet) to the first sky during the night.

Verse Reference:

98.

Suratul Bayyinah : The Chapter of the Clear Evidence

The Gist of the Ruku 1. 2. 3. The need for the deputation of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) The Deen of Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) unites in principles with the previous religions The supporters of the Teachings of Islaam are the best of creation and it opposers are the worst.

110

Verse Reference: Point 1 V1 Point 2 V5 Point 3 V6/7

99.

Suratul Zilzal : The Chapter of the Convulsion

The Gist of the Ruku The beginning of the events of Qiyaamah. Verse Reference: 1-4

100.

Suratul Aadujaat : The Chapter of the Those That Ran

The Gist of the Ruku 1. 2. 3. Explanation of the Disease The reasoning of the disease The cure of the disease

Verse Reference: Point 1 V6 Point 2 V Point 3 V9

101.

Suratul Qariah : The Chapter of the Day of Clamour

The Gist of the Ruku The end of the event of Qiyaamah. Verse Reference: 6-9

102.

Suratut Takathur : The Chapter of the Piling-up

The Gist of the Ruku The one who is negligent of his obligations is diseased with amassing wealth.

111

Verse Reference: 1

103.

Suratul Asr : The Chapter of the Time

The Gist of the Ruku The four principles for the success of the whole mankind. Verse Reference: V3

104.

Suratul Humazah : The Chapter of the Scandal Monger

The Gist of the Ruku How Allaah will deal with wealth worshippers. Verse Reference:

105.

Suratul Feel : The Chapter of the Elephants

The Gist of the Ruku The one who disgraces the Symbols of Allaah will be perpetually disgraced. Verse Reference:

106.

Suratul Qurash : The Chapter of the Custodians of the Ka'ba

The Gist of the Ruku The duties of Learned Scholars and Mystics Verse Reference: V3.4

107.

Suratul Ma'oon : The Chapter of the Neighbourly Needs

The Gist of the Ruku

112

The qualities of those who belie Qiyaamah. Verse Reference: V1-3

108.

Suratul Kawlhar : The Chapter of the Abundance

The Gist of the Ruku The principle of defeating the enemies of Allaah. Verse Reference:

109.

Suratul Kafirm : The Chapter of the Disbelievers

The Gist of the Ruku Severe ties from the Kuffar! Verse Reference:

110.

Suratul Nasr : The Chapter of the Help

The Gist of the Ruku The end of the successful life of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the grief on the prophecy of His departure/demise Verse Reference:

111.

Suratul Lahab : The Chapter of the Flame

The Gist of the Ruku The Abu Lahab type of person is regarded as an obstacle in the propagation of Truth. Verse Reference: V1

112.

Suratul Itchlas : The Chapter of the Sincerity

113

The Gist of the Ruku Mention is made of the distinguished Tawheed of Islaam. Verse Reference: V1-4

113.

Suratul Falaq : The Chapter of the Dawn

The Gist of the Ruku One is persuaded to protect one-self from bodily harms by taking safety in Allaah. Verse Reference: V 1-5

114.

Suratul Naas : The Chapter of the Mankind

The Gist of the Ruku One is persuaded to protect one-self from spiritual harms by taking safety in Allaah. Verse Reference: V 1-6

114