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Guideline for Establishment of Demonstration on 1 st stage (spring season of 2012) 18th Feb 2012

1. Object Demonstration activities aim to select suitable horticulture technologies oriented market needs and extension methodology for the small scale farmers, due to prepare the detail extension plan and technical guideline. 2. Concept 1) Identify new marketable fruits and vegetables for small scale famers in the region 2) Verify good horticulture production techniques practiced by small scale farmers in the region 3) Improve horticulture production techniques to tackle a problems faced small scale farmers in the region and also CP Team Acquire good practices thru above activities 3. Number of Demo Agriculture institutions (Research field or Nursery): each 1 Demo per Governorate *Demo in Agricultural institutions will conduct with above concept 1), 2) and 3) Farmers field: each 3 to 4 Demo per Governorate in spring season 2012 (will be establish another 3 to 4 farmers in autumn season 2012) *Demo in Farmers field will conduct with above concept 1) and 2) 4. Design of Demo Demo should be designed by CP team and Directors of each institutions with recommendation of Technical Committee (Ministry level) on the basis of following Demonstration Activities Design Duration of Demo : Demo will continue until end of Project period (about 5 years), also CP team will following up & Advising farmer Provision of materials necessary for Demo: JICA and MoAWR will provide necessary materials, tools & equipments. And MoAWR will provide labor only in Agriculture Institutions Function of Demo: Establish Demo field for new technologies at Agriculture institutions first to develop such technologies, then at exemplary farmers field to evaluate their adaptability. Candidate location of Demo in Agriculture institutions are; Ainkawa & Gerdarasha Research (Erbil), Bakkrajo Research (Sulaimania), Malta Research or Malta Nursery (Duhok)

Format for Demonstration Activities Design (Erbil)


Category
Identify new marketable fruits and vegetables for small scale famers in the region

Subject
Examine adaptability of the newly introduced crops and varieties as well as production system in target area

Target activities
-Establish trial field for fruit tree in Kore nursery

Target crops (examples) (Fruits) February. -Pistachio (1) 2 verities -Strawberry (2) Gerdasha -Almond(3) 2 verities -Kaki (4) 2 verities -Walnut Israel variety(5)

-Establish trial field for Vegetable in Gerdasha

2 verities -Orange seedless variety(6) Gerdasha 2 verities -Mandarin orange (7) Gerdasha 2 verities -Root Stock for stone fruit & Pome fruit 2 verities

-establishing nursery for vegetable seedlings and fruits seedling

(Vegetables) (Summer) -Okra (1) house Open field & Green house Green -Pepper (yellow, red, orange) (2)

-Water Melon (yellow, seedless) (3) Open field -Cherry tomato (4) -Artichoke (5) -Asparagus(6) (Winter) - Mushroom(1) Ainkawa -Broccoli (2) Ainkawa -Cauliflower (3) Open field -Chinese cabbage(4) Open field -Carrot(5) Open field -Spinach
Verify good horticulture production techniques practiced by small scale farmers and recommended practices in the region Diversification due to escape from Tomato or cucumber based mono Verify model farmers practices in fruits & vegetables production -Survey and verify model practice for fruit from farmer for first step then bring those techniques to other farmers Practicing crop rotation Tomato(summer) with -

Green house Open field Green house

Open field Gerdasha or

Open field

-Lettuce (different leaves & colors) (6) Green house

-Pomegranate (black variety -Iran) -Apricot (spacing, pruning, irrigation, ) -Strawberry(mulching, -Peach(spacing, pruning, irrigation, )

cropping -

Legumes(Faba bean) Okra(winter) Cauliflower/broccoli (winter)

Introduce soil fertility management practices

Composting Crop rotation Green manure crop Mulching with organic material stubble crop residues into the soil

Soil test and analyze before and after doing

Improve horticulture production techniques to tackle a problems faced small scale farmers in the region

Expand production period to summer and winter season Using different variety for maturity (both early and late) Small model for using Cold storage Work on pending crops production system introducing appropriate practices from neighboring country

Utilize greenhouse with cooling and heating (fan with spraying water)

Tomato ( Cucumber Okra Strawberry

Water shortage issue Pest control Certified seed

-prevent from sun burning of pomegranate -grafting techniques of pistachio -pest control for stone fruits (wood borer worm)

-tomato (tuta absoluta, nematode, white fly, spider mite) Using certified seed Water harvesting to tackle Improve quality of the products meet the needs of the market Post harvesting technology Good packaging Cooling storage Grading system for fruits and vegetable Putting wax Value adding activities Organic farming and certify GAP (good agriculture practice) and its certification Reconsider local resources in the region Invite genetic breeding expert to study evaluation method. propagation Rehabilitation of old orchard Conducting small pilot project to introducing appropriate techniques at Pomegranate, Mulberry, underground apple, small fruits, Rabarber,

part of the farmers orchard Using experience and skill from good farmers, and implement training for CPs before conduct

Analyze Potential & Problem of Horticulture Production in Erbil


Category New marketable fruits and vegetables for small scale famers in the region List up your Potentials , Resources & Problems (Fruits) -Strawberry -Pistachio -Almond -Kiwi -Grape -Fig -Apricot -Olive -Mango -Blueberry -Kaki (Vegetables) (Summer) -Cherry tomato -Water Melon (yellow, seedless) -Pepper (yellow, red, orange) -Egg plant -Melon -Okra -Cucumber (new variety) -Potato (red skin) -Pumpkin (poma) -Artichoke -Asparagus (Winter) - Mushroom -Chinese cabbage -Broccoli -Lettuce (different leaves & colors) -Jarjer -Radish -Garlic -Carrot

-Green peas & beans -Spinach -Swiss chards Medicinal Plants Flower (cut)

Good horticulture production techniques practiced by small scale farmers and recommended practices in the region

(Fruit) -Apricot: Pruning, Spacing, Fertilization & Irrigation system -Pomegranate: Pruning, Spacing, Fertilization & Irrigation system -Peach: Pruning, Spacing, Fertilization & Irrigation system -Grape: Pruning, Spacing, Fertilization & Irrigation system -Pistachio: grafting (only one farmer) (Vegetables) -Tomato, cucumber, melon: Expand production period using green house with heating system -Water melon: spacing, irrigation system, fertilization -Potato: irrigation system, harvesting

Horticulture production techniques to tackle a problems faced small scale farmers in the area

-Composting -Pest control for white fly, mite, nematode, Tuta absoluta, etc. -Crop rotation -Trap crops -IPM -Lab. Equipments for Analyze soil & water -Cooling ware house to expand storage period -Hydroponic -Organic Agriculture -Soil less culture -Water harvesting methods -Green house (tunnel) with Cooling & heating system -Post harvest handing (Packaging system)

-Marketing system (Scheduling, panting time, diversity of varieties) -Establish committee for advising farmers -Orchard Field day for customer(Resultant owner, consumers, Retail seller)