Sei sulla pagina 1di 5

GENERATION OF METHANE GAS FROM COW DUNG WITH THE AID OF AN ENZYME USING A LOW COST FABRICATED BIO-DIGESTER

BY

LASISI, KAYODE HASSAN CVE/07/0330

ABSTRACT Household energy is increasingly becoming a scarce resource in developing countries. In these countries, cooking accounts for about 80% of all household energy consumption. Motivated by the need to meet the ever-increasing energy demand and sustainability consciousness, some establishment and organisation have promoted renewable energy technologies such as biogas. However, further development of biogas technology in developing countries is constrained by lack of proper understanding of the populace and poor management of waste of different categories. This paper presents the findings of a research that was carried out to determine the generation of biogas from cow dung using a low cost fabricated bio-digester. A cylindrical drum of capacity 175 litres was used as bio-digester and fed with 80kg of cow dung mixed with warm water in proportions of 2:1. Also, calcium hydroxide [Ca (OH)2] was incorporated into the experiment to remove the carbon(IV)oxide from the biogas yield. Results from this study shows that the digestion of cow dung resulted in an appreciable biogas yield. Comparing this result with sample of cow dung mixed with warm water in the ratio 1:1 and taking into account the natural state of the waste when collected for experiment, it is of considerable range when compared with the standard values. Ultimately, digestion of cow dung is one way of addressing the problem of insufficient gas production in developing countries. Key words: Biogas, cow dung, digestion, Developing Countries.

REFERENCES Adedibu, A.A. (2002). Spatial Pattern of Solid Waste Generation in Ilorin. Paper presented at the annual conference of Nigerian Geographical Association, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Biomass Energy Inst. (1998). Biogas Production from Animal Wastes. Biogas Energy Institute, Winnipeg, Canada.

Dalrymple, W. Proctor, D.E, (1997). Feasibility of diary manure stabilization by Anaerobic Digestion, Water and Sewage Works 32, pg 361-364.

Gramms, L.C., Polkowski, L.B and Wintel, S.A. (1999). Anaerobic Digestion of Farm Animal Wastes (diary bull, swine, and poultry). Annual meeting paper, pg 69-462.

GTZ (2007). Insights into fuel efficiency and the dissemination of mud and ceramic stoves in Southern Africa.

Hart , S.A.(1993). Digestion Tests of Livestock Wastes. J. Water Pollutant Control Fed. 35, pg 784-757.

Howard, S.P, George,T and Donal, D.R (2005). Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill book, New York.

Http://www.ruralcostarica.com/biogas.html

James, A.M. (2002). Managing livestock wastes, AVI Publishing Company, INC, Westport, Connecticut.

Okure M. (2005), Bio-fuel Lecture Notes (Un Published), Faculty of Technology, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Lawbuary J. (2006). Biogas Technology in India. Energy in Its Natural Environment Dissociation.

Loehr, R.C. and Agnew, R.W. (1997). Cattle Wastes- Pollution and Potential Treatment.J. Saint. Eng. Div., Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 93 (SA4) 72-91.

Maly, J. and Fadrus, H. (1991). Influence of temperature on anaerobic digestion. Water Pollutant Control Fed. 43(4), pg 641-650.

Meckenzie, L. and David, A. (1991). Introduction to Environmental Engineering, 2nd ed. McGraw- Hill book, New York.

Mohanrao, G.J.(1994). Scientific aspects of cow dung digestion. Pg 340-347.

Nigerian Institute of Safety Professionals (2003).Contractor Employee HSE Training Manual, Level 3, ECNEL Ltd, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Nsi, E.W. (2007). Basics Environmental chemistry, markudi, Nigeria.

Okecha, S.A. (2000). Pollution and Conservation of Nigeria Environment, T Afrique International Associates, Owerri, Nigeria.

Patel, J.B and Patel, R.B (1991). Biological treatment of poultry manure reduces pollution. Compost Sci. Pg 18-20.

Schmidd, L.A. and Lipper, R.T. (1999). Swine wastes, Characteristics and Anaerobic Digestion. Proc. Agric. Waste Manage. Conf., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.

Water Pollution Control Federal (1999). Sewage treatment plant design. Am. Soc. Eng., Washington, D.C.

Werner, K. and Uta, P. (2002). Biogas Digest volume 1 Information and Advisory Service on Appropriate Technology (ISAT) and Household Energy Appropriate Technologies (HEAT) GmbH.