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Finale

b &b h

Worksheets

Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Staff
The musical staff is made up of five lines and four spaces. Lines and spaces are both numbered from low to high.

5 1 2 3

________________________________________________________________________________

1. Practice drawing two staffs by connecting the dots. Use a ruler to help draw straight lines.

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

2. On the first staff, number the lines from low to high. 3. On the second staff, number the spaces from low to high. 4. Draw a note on each line of the staff below. 5. Draw a note on each space of the staff below.

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Staff - High and Low


Notes that are higher on the staff have a higher sound or pitch.

This note sounds higher than this note. ________________________________________________________________________________

1. Draw a note on the indicated line or space, then circle the highest note you drew on the staff.

Space 1

Space 4

Line 3

Line 4

Space 1

Space 3

Line 5

Line 2

2. Draw a note on the indicated line or space, then circle the lowest note you drew on the staff.

Line 5

Space 3

Line 1

Space 1

Space 4

Line 3

Line 2

Space 2

3. Circle the higher note in each pair.

w w

w w

4. Circle the lower note in each pair.

w w w w

w w w w w w
___

w w w w w w
___

w w w w w w
___

w w w w w w
___

5. By using H (higher) and L (lower) indicate wheather the first note of each pair sounds higher or lower than the second note.

w w
___

w w
___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Staff - Treble Clef


A clef appears at the beginning of each staff. The clef shown here is a treble clef.

&

Each note on the treble clef staff has a letter name.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Practice drawing the treble clef sign by tracing over the guidelines. Draw five more in the remaining space.

w w w w w &w w w w
E F G A B C D E F

Start here

2. Draw a treble clef at the beginning of the staff and write the letter name of each note.

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

w
___

___

___

3. Draw the treble clef at the beginning of the staff and then draw the notes indicated. If a note can be drawn in more than one place on the staff, choose which one you want to draw.

4. Draw the treble clef at the beginning of the staff. Write the letter name for each note, then circle the higher note in each pair.

___

w w w w

___

___

w w

___

___

___

w w

___

___

___

w
___

___

w w w

___

5. Draw the treble clef at the beginning of the staff. Write the letter name for each note, then circle the lower note in each pair.

w w

___

___

___

___

___

w w

___

___

w w

w
___

___

___

w
___

___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Staff - Bass Clef


A clef appears at the beginning of each staff. The clef shown here is a bass clef. Each note on the bass clef staff has a letter name.

? ?

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Practice drawing the bass clef sign by tracing over the guidelines. Draw five more in the remaining space.

w w w w w w w w w
G A B C D E F G A

2. Draw a bass clef at the beginning of the staff and write the letter name of each note.

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

w
___

___

3. Draw the bass clef at the beginning of the staff and then draw the notes indicated. If a note can be drawn in more than one place on the staff, choose which one you want to draw.

4. Draw the bass clef at the beginning of the staff. Write the letter name for each note, then circle the higher note in each pair.

___

___

___

w w

___

___

___

w w w

___

___

___

w
___

w w
___ ___

5. Draw the bass clef at the beginning of the staff. Write the letter name for each note, then circle the lower note in each pair.

w w

___

___

___

w w

___

___

w w

___

___

___

___

w w

___

___

w
___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Treble Clef - Ledger Lines


Ledger lines can be used to extend the upper and lower ranges of a staff. This example includes notes which can be written above and below the treble clef using ledger lines.

& w

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Draw a treble clef at the beginning of the staff and write the letter name of each note.

w w w w
A B C D

w w w w
G A B C

___

___

___

___

___

2. Draw a treble clef at the beginning of the staff and write the letter name of each note.

___

___

___

___

w
___

___

___

___

___

___

___

w
___

___

3. Draw the indicated notes. Use ledger lines to draw the specified number of pitches without duplication. Example

&

3 Cs

& &

2 Ds

&

3 As

&

2 Es

2 Fs

& &

3 Bs

&

2 Gs

3 Cs

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Bass Clef - Ledger Lines


Ledger lines can be used to extend the upper and lower ranges of a staff. This example includes notes which can be written above and below the bass clef using ledger lines.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Draw a bass clef at the beginning of the staff and write the letter name of each note.

w w w w
C D E F

w w w w
B C D E

___

___

___

___

w w

___

2. Draw a bass clef at the beginning of the staff and write the letter name of each note.

w
___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

w
___

___

3. Draw the indicated notes. Use ledger lines to draw the specified number of pitches without duplication. Example

3 Cs

3 Ds

2 As

?
2 Bs

?
2 Fs

?
2 Bs

?
2 Gs

?
3 Cs

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Grand Staff


brace

The grand staff is created by joining the treble staff and the bass staff with a brace and bar line.

&

bar line

wwww

C D E F G A B C D E F

www w w w ww

ww wwww
D E

ww w w w www

G A B C

F G A B C

E F

G A B C

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Practice creating the grand staff by tracing the braces, bar lines, and clefs.

2. Using the staffs below, create four grand staffs by adding braces, bar lines, and clefs.

3. Write the letter name for each note.

& w ?
___

w
___

w
___

w
___

w
___

w
___

w
___

___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Time signatures appear at the beginning of a piece of music music. They are made up of two numbers.

4 Time Signatures - 4
4 &4

Date____________________

The top number indicates the number of beats per measure. The bottom number indicates which note will get one beat.

In 4 time there are four beats in each measure.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

A quarter note ( q ) = 1 beat A half note ( h ) = 2 beats A whole note ( w ) = 4 beats

4 4 w
1 2 3 4 1


1 2 3 4 1

w
3 4 1

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

4 4
___ ___ ___ ___

3. Write a 4 time signature after the clef sign. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

&

___ ___ ___ ___

4. Write a 4 time signature after the clef sign. Write in the count below the notes. Draw the missing bar lines.

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

w
___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

5. Write in the count below the notes and add the missing barlines.

4 &4

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___


___

___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___

___

___

___ ___ ___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Rests
Rests are used in music to indicate silence. A quarter rest ( ) = 1 beat A half rest ( ) = 2 beats A whole rest ( ) = 4 beats

4 &4
1 2 3 4 1

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Practice drawing quarter rests by tracing over the outlines. Draw four quarter rests in each blank measure.

4 &4

2. Draw two half rests in each blank measure.

?4 4 ?4 4

3. Draw one whole rest in each blank measure.

4. Write the count below the rests.

4 4 4 4

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

5. Write the count below the notes and rests, then clap and count the rhythm out loud.

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

6. Write the count below the notes and rests, then add the missing bar lines.

4 &4

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Notes and Rests


Complete these exercises. Make sure each measure contains four beats. A quarter note ( q ) = 1 beat A quarter rest ( ) = 1 beat A half note ( h ) = 2 beats A half rest ( ) = 2 beats A whole note ( w ) = 4 beats A whole rest ( ) = 4 beats

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Each measure in the next two exercises is missing one rest. Complete each measure by adding the appropriate rest.

4 &4

4 &4

2. This song is missing bar lines. Fill in the missing barlines

?4 4 4 &4 &4 4

3. Some of the measures in this song are missing a rest. Complete each measure by adding the appropriate rest. Remember, some measures are complete.

4. Fill in the missing rests. Some measures are missing more than one rest.

?4 4

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

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Date____________________

Stems
Stems are used to help determine what rhythmic value a note will have. By adding a stem to an open notehead you change the value of the note from a whole note to a half It is important to draw stems on the proper side of the notehead and draw them in the proper direction. Notes that appear on or above the middle staff line have downward stems drawn on the left side of the notehead. Notes that appear below the middle staff line have upward stems drawn on the right side of the notehead.

________________________________________________________________________________
1. Practice drawing stems by adding the proper stem to each notehead.

=4 =2

4 &4

2. Practice drawing stems by adding the proper stem to each notehead.

?4 4 4 &4 ?4 4

3. Some of these stems are drawn incorrectly. Circle the incorrect stems.

4. Some of these stems are drawn incorrectly. Circle the incorrect stems.

5. Some of these notes are missing stems. Add stems where needed. Make sure that each measure has four beats.

w w

4 &4

6. Some of these notes are missing stems. Add stems where needed. Make sure that each measure has four beats.

?4 4

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

?4 3

In 4 time there are three beats in each measure. The quarter note gets one beat. Rhythmic values

3 Time Signatures - 4
h . = 3 beats

Date____________________

The dotted half note gets three beats.

A quarter note ( q ) = 1 beat A half note ( h ) = 2 beats A dotted half note ( h . ) = 3 beats

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

3 4
1 2 3

.
1


1 2 3


1 2

.
1

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

3 4
___ ___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___ ___

___

___

___

3. Write a 4 time signature after the clef sign. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.


___


___

.
___ ___

___

4. Write a 4 time signature after the clef sign. Write in the count below the notes. Draw the missing bar lines.

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___


___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

5. Write in the count below the notes and add the missing barlines.

3 &4
___ ___

___

___ ___ ___

___ ___

___

___

___

___

___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Eighth Notes
The rhythmic value of an eighth notes is one half of a beat. Eighth notes may be written with a flag or a beam. If an eighth note appears by itself, it will have a flag. If two or more eight notes appear in a row, they will often be beamed together. Use a plus sign (+) when writing the count for eighth notes.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

flag
eighth notes

beam

spoken: one and two

j j j j
+ 2 + 3 + 4 +

and three and four and

4 4
1 + 2 + 3

1 + 2 + 3


1 2 3 + 4

1 + 2 + 3

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

4 4
___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___

___

___ ___ ___ ___

___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___

3. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

3 &4

.
___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

4. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

?4 3


___ ___ ___

___

___

___

___ ___

___

___ ___ ___

___

___

___ ___

5. Write in the count below the notes and then add the missing barlines.

4 . &4

___ ___ ___

___ ___


___

___

___ ___ ___

.
___

___

___ ___ ___

___

___

___

___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

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An eighth note ( e ) = 1/2 beat Rhythmic values A quarter note ( q ) = 1 beat A half note ( h ) = 2 beats ________________________________________________________________________________

2 &4

In 4 time there are two beats in each measure. The quarter note gets one beat.

2 Time Signatures - 4

Date____________________

1. Clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

2 4
1


+ 2 +


2 +

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

2 4
2

___ ___ ___ ___

___

___

___

___ ___

___

___

___

___ ___

___

___

3. Write a 4 time signature after the clef sign. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting the beats out loud.

&

___

___

___ ___ ___ ___

___

___

___ ___ ___

___

___

4. Write a 4 time signature after the clef sign. Write in the count below the notes. Draw the missing bar lines.

&

___ ___ ___ ___

___

___

___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___

___

5. Write in the count below the notes and add the missing barlines.

2 &4
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___

___

___

___ ___ ___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Eighth Notes and Eighth Rests


The rhythmic value of an eighth rest is one half of a beat. An eighth rest ( ) = 1/2 beat Use a plus sign (+) when writing the count for eighth notes and eighth rests.

An eighth note ( e ) = 1/2 beat

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

spoken: one and two

j j
+ 2 + 3

and

three

four and


4 +

4 j 4
1 + 2 + 3 4

j
1 + 2 3 + 4

j j j
1 2 3 + 4 + 1 + 2 + 3

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

4 4 j j
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

j j

3. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

?2 4 J J J J
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___

___ ___ ___ ___

J J

___ ___ ___

4. Some eighth notes are missing their flags or beams. Draw the missing flags and beams.

3 &4

5. Write in the count below the notes and then add the missing barlines.

6. Some eighth notes are missing their flags or beams. Draw the missing flags and beams.

?4 4

4 &4

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Intervals I
In music, an interval is the distance between two notes. A melodic interval is the distance between two notes shich are played one at a time. A harmonic interval is the distance between two notes which are played at the same time. Melodic Intervals

&

w w w w w w
2nd 3rd 4th 2nd

w w
5th

? 4 ww 4

Harmonic Intervals

w w

3rd

The interval between two identical notes is called a unison.

&w w
unison

w w

4th

w w

w w
6th

5th

w w

w w w
7th 7th

6th

The interval of an eighth is called an octave.

& w
___

(8th) ________________________________________________________________________________

w
octave

w w w

1. Identify the following intervals as melodic (M) or harmonic (H).

w &w
H

2. Name these melodic intervals.

___

3. Name these harmonic intervals.

&

4. Write the indicated harmonic interval above the given note.

?w &w

?w w

5th


unison

___

___

w w


___

___

___

ww w

ww
___

w w

w w

w ___
___

___

ww
___ ___

___

___

w w w

___

___

___

w w


___

___

5th

3rd

unison

octave

2nd

4th

5. Write the indicated harmonic interval above the given note.

w w

w w

___

5th

7th

w w

3rd

5th

4th

6th

unison

7th

octave

4th

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Intervals II
Use this chart to help complete the exercises below.

& ww w unison w 4 &4 w w 4 &4 ?4 3

2nd

________________________________________________________________________________

w w

3rd

w w

4th

w w

5th

w w

6th

w w

7th

w w

octave

1. Name these harmonic intervals.

___

___

w w

___

w w

ww
___ ___

___

2. Name these melodic intervals.

___

3. Name these intervals.

___

. .
___

w w

___

___

..
___

___

___

___

. .

___

w w

..
___

___

4. Write the indicated harmonic interval above the given note.

?4 4 w w 4 &4
4th

unison

2nd

3rd

6th

octave

3rd

5. Write the indicated harmonic interval below the given note.

5th

3rd

unison

2nd

6th

6. Write the indicated harmonic interval above the given note.

?4 4

octave

3rd

7th

w
3rd

5th

6th

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Intervals III
Identify the intervals used in these exercises. Name the melodic intervals used in the treble clef and the harmonic intervals used in the bass clef.

&4 4

?4 w 4 w

3rd 3rd


3rd

2nd


6th

3rd

3rd

2nd

3rd

________________________________________________________________________________ 1.

&4 4

___ ___ w ?4 4 w
___

___

___

___

w w

___

___

___

..
___

___

___

___

___


___

___

___

___

2.

4 &4

?4 w 4 w
3.

___

___

___

___


___

___


___

___

. .
___

___

___

___


___

___

4 & 4 . ?4 4 3 &4
___

___

___


___

___

.
___

___

___

___

___

___
___

___


___

___

___

w
___

4.

.. ?3 4
___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

. .
___

___

___

___

..
___

___

___

___

___

.
___

. .

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

6 &8

In 8 time there are six beats in each measure. The eighth note gets one beat. Rhythmic values

6 Time Signatures - 8

Date____________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

A sixteenth note ( x ) = 1/2 beat An eighth note ( e ) = 1 beat A quarter note ( q ) = 2 beats A dotted quarter note ( q . ) = 3 beats A dotted half note ( h . ) = 6 beats

6 8 .

1 2 3 4

j
1 2 3 4 5 + 6

j
1 2

.
4 5 6 +

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 5 6

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

6 8
6

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

j j

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

3. Write a 8 time signature after the clef sign. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

&

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

. J

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

. J .

4. Write a 8 time signature after the clef sign. Write in the count below the notes. Draw the missing bar lines.

&

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___

j j

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

j j

5. Write in the count below the notes and add the missing barlines.

?6 8

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

. J J

___ ______ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

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?2 2

In 2 time there are two beats in each measure. The half note gets one beat. Rhythmic values 2 is often referred to as "cut" time. 2

2 C Time Signatures - 2 ,

Date____________________

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

2 may also be displayed as C . 2

A quarter note ( q ) = 1/2 beat A half note ( h ) = 1 beat A whole note ( w ) = 6 beats

2 2
1

w
1

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

C
___

3. Write a 2 time signature after the clef sign. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

___

___

___


___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

&

___

___

4. Write a 2 time signature after the clef sign. Write in the count below the notes. Draw the missing bar lines.

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___


___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___

___


___ ___

___

5. Write in the count below the notes and add the missing barlines.

&C

___

___

___

___


___

___

___

___

___


___

___

___

___

Finale Worksheets, Copyright 2009 by MakeMusic, Inc. MakeMusic grants permission to duplicate this worksheet for non-profit, educational use only, provided each copy includes this copyright notice. Copies may not be sold or included in any materials offered for sale to the general public.

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Slurs and Ties


A slur is a curved line connection two or more notes of different pitches. Slurred passages should be played as smoothly as possible.

?4 4 3 &4


1/2

A tie is a curved line which connects two notes of the same pitch.

j =1

Tied notes are played as one note. The rhythmic value is the sum of the two notes.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Circle the ties in this example.

= 2 beats

= 3 beats

beats

2 &4 ?4 4

j =

2. Circle the slurs in this example.

.
=
beats

3. Write the number of beats each pair of tied notes should receive.

= w w

beats

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. =

w=

beats

beats

beats

beats

j . =

j j =

beats

beats

j . =

beats

beats

. . =

j =

beats

beats

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Sixteenth Notes and Rests


The rhythmic value of a sixteenth note is one quarter of a beat. Four sixteenth notes are equal to one quarter note. A sixteenth note ( x ) = 1/4 beat A sixteenth rest ( ) = 1/4 beat Use e, +, a when writing the count for sixteenth notes and rests.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

j =


e + a 2 e + a 3


+ a

4 4
1 + 2 e + a 3 + 4


1 + a 2 e + a 3 + 4 e +


+ a 2 e + 3 + 4

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

3. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

?4 3 J
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

4 4

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__


__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __


__ __ __ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __

__ __ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__

4. Some sixteenth notes are missing their flags or beams. Draw the missing flags and beams.

5. Write the count below the notes and then add the missing barlines.

j j 4 & 4

2 &4
__ __ __ __ __

j j

6. Write the count below the notes.

?4 4

__ __ __ __ __ __ __

R R
____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__ __ __

__ __ __

__ __

__ __ __ __ __

__ __

__

__ __ __ __ __


__ ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__ __ __

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

Dotted Quarter Notes and Rests


The rhythmic value of a dotted quarter note is one and one half beats. It is equivalent to a quarter note tied to an eighth note.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

A dotted quarter note ( q . ) = 1-1/2 beats A dotted quarter rest ( . ) = 1-1/2 beats

.
1

j .
+ 1

j +

4 4 .
1

j .
3

4 +

j .
1

j
+ 3

.
1

2 +

j .
3

4 +

j .
1 +

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

3 4 .
__ __ __

__ __

j .
__

__ __

.
__ __ __

__

__

__

j .
__ __ __ __

__

3. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

4 &4

__ __ __ __ __

. . J

__ __

j .
__

__ __ __

__

__

__ __ __

__ __

j j . . j

__ __ __ __ __ __ __

4. Some dotted quarter notes and rests are missing their dots. Complete each measure by adding the missing dots.

. ?4 4

5. Add the missing barlines.

?4 2 .

j .

. J

6. Write the count below the notes.

4 . &4

__ __ __ __ __ __

j .

. J jj . .

j j .

J
__ __

__ __

__ __

__ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __

j .

j .
__ __

__ __

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

Dotted Eighth Notes and Rests


The rhythmic value of a dotted eighth note is three-fourths of a beat. It is equivalent to an eighth note tied to a sixteenth note.

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

j j r . =

A dotted eighth note ( e. ) = 3/4 beat A dotted eighth rest ( . ) = 3/4 beat

1 e + a 2 e + a

.
3

e +

r j .
a

4 e + a

4 j 4 . . . . .
1 e + a 2 e + a 3 + 4 e + a 1 e + a 2 +

3 e +

r
a 4

. .
1 e + a 2 e+ a 3

2. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

3. Write the count below the notes and then clap the rhythm while counting out loud.

. ? 4 . 4

3 4 .

j .

r .

. j. . . J .

4. Write the count below the notes.

2 . &4

5. Write the count below the notes and then add the missing barlines.

6. Write the count below the notes and then add the missing barlines.

?4 3 . . . J . . .

. . 2 j j . & 4 . . J J

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

A sharp sign ( # ) placed in front of a note ( # q ) raises its pitch a half step.
C # is 1/2 step higher than C

Sharps and Flats I

A flat sign ( b ) placed in front of a note ( b q ) lowers its pitch a half step.
B b is 1/2 step lower than B

C#

D#

F#

G#

A#

Db

Eb

Gb

Ab

Bb

C D E

F G A B C

C D E

F G A B C

It is easy to see, on the piano keyboard, how the black keys to the right (1/2 step higher) of a note are sharps and the black keys to the left (1/2 step lower) of a note are flats. ________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Practice drawing sharps by tracing over the guidelines. Draw six more in the remaining space.

2. Practice drawing flats by tracing over the guidelines. Draw six more in the remaining space.

3. Write a flat sign in front of each note and then name the note.

4. Write a flat sign in front of each note and then name the note.

?4 4

4 &4

____ Eb

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

5. Write a sharp sign in front of each note and then name the note.

6. Write a sharp sign in front of each note and then name the note.

?4 4

4 &4 #

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

C ____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

Sharps and Flats II


Complete the following exercises. ________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Draw the indicated notes. Use half notes.

4 &4

Eb

Ab

Db

Bb

Gb

Cb

Fb

Db

2. Draw the indicated notes. Use half notes.

?4 4 4 &4

Bb

Eb

Ab

Db

Gb

Cb

Fb

Bb

3. Draw the indicated notes. Use half notes.

C#

A#

G#

D#

F#

B#

E#

A#

4. Draw the indicated notes. Use half notes.

?4 4

F#

C#

G#

D#

A#

E#

B#

F#

5. Name each note.

4 &4 # b b
____

____ ____ ____

____

____ ____

b b #
____ ____ ____

____

b b
____ ____

____

6. Name each note.

?4 4 b b b b
____ ____ ____ ____

b # b

# # # # b
____ ____ ____ ____ ____

____ ____ ____ ____ ____

____ ____ ____

# b

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

A natural sign ( n ) placed before a note cancels a sharp or flat. Sharps, flats and naturals are all called accidentals.

Sharps, Flats and Naturals

Accidentals affect every note on the same line or space for the remainder of the measure. Bar lines cancel all accidentals from the previous measure unless a note is tied across the bar line.

A natural is used to cancel sharps and flats.

________________________________________________________________________________ Write the name of each note. 1

4 & 4 b n b
Bb B B

4 & 4 #
F# F#

F#

# b n b
B Bb B Bb

F#

F#

4 &4 #
F# F# F# Bb

F#

F#

F#

Bb

b n b
Bb B Bb

4 &4 ?4 3

b
____ ____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____

____ ____

2 b &4
____ ____ ____

____

____ ____ ____

____

b b b
____

b n
____ ____

____

____ ____ ____ ____

____

____

____

b n
____ ____ ____

____

____

____

____

____

4 &4 #

____

____

____ ____ ____ ____

____

____ ____

j b

____

____ ____ ____ ____

?4 4 b #
____ ____

b
____ ____ ____ ____

b n

____

____ ____

____ ____ ____ ____ ____

b n

____ ____

____

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

Enharmonic Notes I
In music there are many notes that have more than one name. Enharmonic notes sound the same but are spelled differently.
Db Eb Gb Ab # G# F Bb

C#

D#

A#

C D E

F G A B C

If you look at a piano keyboard you will see that D # and E b are played with the same key. ________________________________________________________________________________

1. Use a quarter note to write in the enharmonic equivalent of the given note.

? 2 # 4 2 b &4

2. Use a quarter note to write in the enharmonic equivalent of the given note.

# # # b b

# b #

b # b

3. Use a quarter note to write in the enharmonic equivalent of the given note.

2 b &4

b b

4. Use a quarter note to write in the enharmonic equivalent of the given note.

?4 2 b

5. This is the first part of a familiar song written with many enharmonic notes. Identify the song and write the name here: _________________

4 &4 # b

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b #

Name_______________________

Date____________________

Enharmonic Notes II
Complete these exercises. ________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Circle the measures in which the notes are not enharmonically equivalent.

?2 4 # b 2 &4 # b

2 &4 # b

b b #

# n

# b

b # b #

# #

b # n

# n # b

# b

n # # # b # b

2. Identify these familiar songs.

4 b &4 # b #

Name of song __________________________

b # n b n b # b n # b # n

4 & 4 b # n b 4 b &4

Name of song __________________________

n # b

Name of song __________________________

n n # b

b # b # b

4 b &4 # #

Name of song __________________________

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Elements of Music: 0030

Half Steps and Whole Steps I


The half step (H) is the smallest interval used in traditional Western music. The piano keyboard is arranged in half steps; the distance between two adjacent keys on the piano is a half step.
H H H H

The whole step (W) is an interval made by combining two half steps.
W H H W H H

________________________________________________________________________________ Using the keyboards below, write the interval (whole step or half step) that is created by the Os.
1. ___________________ 2. ___________________

3. ___________________

4. ___________________

5. ___________________

6. ___________________

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

Half Steps and Whole Steps II


Example: 2 whole steps

Using the keyboards below, write the interval in whole step and half steps that is created by the Os.

________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________

1. ___________________

3. ___________________

4. ___________________

5. ___________________

6. ___________________

7. ___________________

8. ___________________

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Rounds

Date____________________

A round is a composition in which two or more voices sing an identical melody with each voice starting after a specified number of beats. A round may be repeated endlessly. Sing this simple round. _______________________________________________________________________________________

Di n,

q n, da

h n.
do

4 &b4 q
1

Fr re

Ja c

qu e

s,

q r
F
-

q
re

don

h
.

q q

dan,

Frre Jacques
This round may be sung in three parts. The first part starts singing the song at the top of the circle (1). When the first part reaches number two (2), the second part may begin at t he top of the circle. The third part may join in when the first part reaches number three (3). All parts may continue singing around the circle as long as they like.
Do

Ja c

s, - que

Din,

2
dor - mez

nes!

ti

le s

ma

z ne

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les

q q q
- nez

So n

ma ti

u vo

s?

n es !

So

ez

q
vou s?
r

Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Circle of Fifths I


The Circle of Fifths diagram shows the clockwise arrangement of major keys in an order of ascending fifths for sharp key signatures. With each added sharp the key advances five F letter names and the & tonic moves up a perfect fifth. Flat keys are presented in an order of descending fifths. With each added Eb flat the key moves back five letter names and the tonic moves down a perfect fifth.

&
TS FLA

SHA R

PS

&

# # & #

Bb

b
D

&

bb

b &bb
Ab

## & #

bb &bb

## # & # ## #

C#

Db

b & b bbb

b & b bbbb # ## # & # #


Gb F#

bb & b b bbb
Cb B

## & ##

## & # ##

________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Write the flats in the order in which they are added as you go around the circle of fifths. B b _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 2. Write the sharps in the order in which they are added as you go around the circle of fifths. F# _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

3. Write the names of the keys with sharps in order as they appear on the circle of fifths. G _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 4. Write the names of the keys with flats in order as they appear on the circle of fifths. F _____ _____ _____ _____

_____ _____

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Circle of Fifths II


Complete the circle of fifths by writing the names of the missing keys. ________________________________________________________________________________

&
TS FL A

SHA RPS

&

# # & #

&b
__

__

b &b

b __ & b b bb &bb

__

## & #

__

bb &bbb
__

#### ## & #

__

b & b bbbb
__

b & b bbbbb
__ __

__

# ## & #

## # & # ##
__

## & # ##

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Circle of Fifths III


Complete the circle of fifths by adding the missing key signatures. ________________________________________________________________________________

&
TS FLA

SHA R

PS

&

F Bb

&
D

&

&

Eb

&
Ab

&

&
Db

&

&

C#

& &

&
Gb F#

E Cb B

&

&

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Name_______________________

Date____________________

The Circle of Fifths IV


Complete the circle of fifths by writing in the names of the missing keys and their missing key signatures. ________________________________________________________________________________

&
TS FLA

SHAR

PS

&

&
__

__

&

&

__

& & &


__

__

&

__

&

__

& &

&

__ __ __

&

__ __

&

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