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Question 1 [ Problem 8.

26, page 343 ] The director of manufacturing at a clothing factory needs to determine whether a new machine is producing a particular type of cloth according to the manufacturers specifications, which indicate that the cloth should have a mean breaking strength of 70 pounds and a standard deviation of 33.5 pounds. A sample of 49 pieces of cloth reveals a sample mean breaking strength of 69.1 pounds. Conduct a significance test at 5% level to determine whether there is evidence that the machine is not meeting the manufacturing s specification for average breaking strength. Answer:
Testing a mean - = - SD = Sample = x mean = 70 pounds 33.5 pounds 49 pieces 69.1 pounds

2 tail test Significance test = 5% Ho : = 70 pounds for average breaking strength H1 : 70 pounds for average breaking strength

2.50% 95% Zc<-1.96 Rejection Region Z=0 Acceptance Region

2.50%

Zc>1.96 Rejection Region

- Level of test : 5% - Critical value : Zc <-1.96 or Zc >1.96 - Test Statistics : Z = smean - m /n = (69.1 - 70) x 49 33.5 = -0.9 x 7 33.5 = -0.188 1

- Location of the test statistics : in the acceptance region Conclusion: Accept Ho & Reject H1, that is, there is sufficient evidence to indicate the machine is complying with the manufacturing's specification for average breaking strength of 70 pounds

Question 2 [ Problem 8.28, page 343 ] The quality control manager at a light-bulb factory needs to determine whether the mean life of a large shipment of light-bulbs is equal to the specified value of 375 hours. The process standard deviation is known to be 100 hours. A random sample of 64 light-bulbs indicates a sample mean life of 350 hours. a. Conduct a significance test at 5 % level to determine whether there is evidence that the mean life is different from 375 hours. b. Set up a 95% confidence intervals estimate of the population mean life of the light-bulbs. Answer
a: To find out the significant different of population mean 375 hours

population mean : = SD = 100 hours Sample = x mean =

64 light bulbs 350 hours

2 tail test Significance test = 5%

z value

Ho : m = 375 hours (mean life of light bulbs still remain unchanged) H1 : m 375 hours (mean life of light bulbs has significant changed)

2.50% 95% Zc<-1.96 Rejection Region Z=0 Acceptance Region

2.50%

Zc>1.96 Rejection Region

Level of test : 5% Critical value : Zc -1.96 or Zc 1.97 2

Test statistics : Z = sample mean - population mean SD / n = = (350 - 375) x 64 100 2

Location of the test statistics : In the Rejection Region Conclusion: Reject Ho and Accept H1, that there is sufficient evidence to indicate the mean life of the light bulbs have significant changed. 95% confidence Intervals estimate of the population mean life of the light bulbs 350 64 100 95% 350 + hours light bulbs hours = 1.96 1.96(100) 64

b:

sample mean life: Sample: Standard devation: Confidence Interval:

= 350 + 24.5 Therefore : P (325.5 374.5)