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Grammar Review Fourth day September 23-9-12, Sunday Acronyms S = subject, V = verb, O = object, DO = Direct object, IO = Indirect object,

, N = Noun, Adj = adjective, Prep = Preposition, Vi = Intransitive verb, Vt = transitive verb, To-V = The infinitive (to + verb), V1 = present tense verb, V2 = Past tense verb, V3 = Past participle verb, V4 = Present Participle Verb, LV = linking verb, Vbe = Verb Be (be, am, is , are.) A simple sentence A simple sentence is a sentence that is formed by one clause. 32 SIMPLE SENTENCE PATTERNS 1. S+Vbe+N She is a doctor. 2. S+Vbe+Adj She is beautiful. 3. S+Vbe+Adj+Prep+N She is afraid of dog. 4. S+Vbe+Adj+To-V She is afraid to go home. 5. S+Vbe+Adj+V4 She is busy doing homework. 6. S+Vbe+V3 She was killed on January 19, 2000. 7. S+Vbe+V4 She is swimming. 8. S+Vbe+Prep+N She is from Yangon. 9. S+Vbe+To-V Her hobby is to read many books. 10. V1 Come in please. Please do me a favor. 11. S+Vi She dances on the stage. 12. S+Vt+O She eats rice. 13. S+Vt+IO+DO She gives the teacher the flowers. 14. S+Vt+DO+Prep+IO She gives the flowers to the teacher. 15. S+Vt+O+Adj She made me happy. 16. S+Vt+O+N She considered me a baby. 17. S+Vt+O+To-V She wants me to become a doctor.
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18. S+Vt+O+V1 She made me cry. 19. S+Vt+O+V3 She had her hair cut. 20. S+Vt+O+V4 She saw the children playing football. 21. S+Vt+To-V She hoped to get a good job. 22. S+Vt+V4 She likes reading a novel. 23. S+Vt+Prep+N She always looks after me. 24. S+LV+N She will make a good wife. 25. S+LV+Adj She looks very young. 26. It+Vbe+N It is a hot day. 27. It+Vbe+Adj+(for N)+To-V It is difficult (for everyone) to master English. 28. It+Vbe+Adj+of+N+To-V It is kind of you to help us. 29.It+Vbe+N/Adj+V4 It is worth reading this book. 30. It+takes+N+time phrase+To-V It takes me five minutes to go to school. 31. There+Vbe+N+Prep+N There are three persons in my family. 32. There+Vi+N+Prep+N There developed goodwill between the two countries. From the novel 1. S+Vbe+N The first was the shop. (page 31 line 2) Ah, boss, lifes a rum thing. (page 37 line 23) Or else theyre nothing at all. (page 37 line 25) That was his name. (page 39 line 28) I am Canavaro! (page 41 line 10) 2. S+Vbe+Adj The beds were ready. (page 31 line 11) She was young. (page 39 line 5) The parrot was asleep. (page 38 line 21) His words were breathless. (page 41 line 36) They were curly, silky, dark, fair, grey, red. (page 39 line 2) 3. S+Vbe+Adj+Prep+N I was more familiar with him. (page 39 line 26) Dame Hortense was angry at the ingratitude of men. (page 39 line 35) Its still warm from the vat. (page 28 line 7)
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4. S+Vbe+Adj+To-V(infinitive) (Example adjective - disappointed, glad, happy, pleased, relieved, sad, surprised, afraid, able) (I am) Delighted to meet you, Madame Hortense! (page 29 - line 14) She is afraid to go home. 5. S+Vbe+Adj+V4 She is busy doing homework. 6. S+Vbe+V3 The food was soon changed into blood. (page 37 line 12) At such times all the doors of a womans being are opened. (page 38 the first line) The doors were closed. (page 38 line 21) She was touched. (page 38 line 22) Crete was liberated. (page 40 line 18) 7. S+Vbe+V4 We were feeding the beast. (page 37 line 11) Zorbas eyes were rolling. (page 37 line 20) Our ladys little eyes were shining too. (page 37 line 31) The rabbits were mating. (page 38 line 22) We were junketing and were spying on us. (page 39 line 21) 8. S+Vbe+Prep+N Zorba was on fire. (page 41 line 35) Shes in the mood, boss. (page 42 the last line) She is from Yangon. 9. S+Vbe+To-V0 The workmen were to come on Monday from neighboring villages. (page 31 line 14) Her hobby is to read many books. 10. V1 Take a knife and cut my throat, Bouboulina! (page 42 line 23) Dont upset yourself, my Bouboulina. (page 40 line 4) Look what I get in the way of decorations.(page 39 line 33) Go on, my beauty! (page 39 line 25) Shut your eyes. (page 41 line 9) Come in please. Please do me a favor. 11. S+Vi She rose. (page 37 line 35) The children scattered, screaming. (page 30 line 24) They shouted. (page 39 line 16) The win had fallen. (page 41 line 17) The bad days came. (page 40-line-17) She dances on the stage.
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12. S+Vt+O She liked the wine.(page 37 line 32) She had emptied several glasses of it. (page 37 line 32) She squeezed Zorbas hand gently. (page 41 line 14) With his left hand he twisted his moustache. (page 41 line 35) They had a flag. (page 39 line 16) She eats rice. 13. S+Vt+IO+DO And she gave him a languorous glance. (page 40 line 3) She gives the teacher the flowers. 14. S+Vt+DO+Prep+IO Dame Hortense, you remind me of Sarah Bernhardt. (page 38 line 4) The old siren raised her acid-blue eyes to heaven. (page 40 line 6) We could see them through the binoculars on a rock near Canes. (page 39 line 14) She struck the table with her soft and wrinkled fist. (page 39 line 34) She gives the flowers to the teacher. 15. S+Vt+O+Adj She made me happy. 16. S+Vt+O+N She might make you a widower, too! (page 28 line 28) She considered me a baby. 17. S+Vt+O+To-V(infinitive) She wants me to become a doctor. 18. S+Vt+O+V1 She made me cry. 19. S+Vt+O+V3 She had her hair cut. 20. S+Vt+O+V4 She saw the children playing football. 21. S+Vt+To-V (infinitive) (Example verb - forget, help, learn, teach, train, choose, expect, hope, need, offer, want, would like, agree, encourage, pretend, promise, allow, can/can't afford, decide, manage, mean, refuse) From her little French retrousse nose, she began to issue wreaths of smoke. (page 37 the last line) I didnt expect to find such elegance, such grace and courtesy, such beauty, in this wild place. (page 38 line 5) She began to open her heart to us. (page 38 line 23) She started to weep again. (page 41 line 14) The sun sank to rest. (page 41 line 17) She hoped to get a good job. 22. S+Vt+V4 (avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise) She likes reading a novel.
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23. S+Vt+Prep+N His right hand strayed over the intoxicated songstress. (page 41 line 36) Zobra picked up a stone. (page 39 line 23) Dame Hortense held out her plump little arms. (page 41 line 1) They fired off their guns.(page 41 line 5) She looked first at me. (page 41- line 26)

24. S+LV+N Our minds must become lignite! (page 35 line 21) She will make a good wife. 25. S+LV+Adj The world became more beautiful. (page 37 line 12) The woman at our sides became younger every minute. (page 37 - line 13) They looked tiny, quite tiny(page 39 line 15) We fell silent a while. (page 41 line 16) I was becoming cooler. (page 41- line 15) She looks very young.

26. It+Vbe+N It was Sunday. (page 31 line 14) It was summer. (page 39 line 11) It is a hot day. 27. It+Vbe+Adj+(for N)+To-V It is difficult (for everyone) to master English. 28. It+Vbe+Adj+of+N+To-V It is kind of you to help us. 29.It+Vbe+N/Adj+V4 It is worth reading this book. 30. It+takes+N+time phrase+To-V0 It takes me five minutes to go to school. 31. There+Vbe+N+Prep+N There was a movement in the bamboos which surrounded the yard. (page 39 line 18) Theres a God in heaven. (page 40-line 4) There are three persons in my family. 32. There+Vi+N+Prep+N There developed goodwill between the two countries.