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GREENERGY POWER (I) PVT Ltd


Project of 5 Mega Watt By Crystalline Technology In Kadiri, ananthpur dist. andhrapradesh

Owned bysahil energy hyderabad India.

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REV. NO.: DATE

P0 09/12/2009

PPD BY: PSS

CHKD BY: VJS

APPD BY: UKS

SECTION NO.
A. B. SECTION 1

DESCRIPTION
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PROJECT AT A GLANCE INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT INTRODUCTION GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY & IMPORTANCE OF RENEWABALE ENERGY SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GASES GREEN HOUSE GAS CONCENTRATION TRENDS ATMOSPHERIC LIFETIME & GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL (GWP) FOR SOME GREEN HOUSE GASES WORLD ENERGY SCENARIO BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT BARRIERS IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROJECT BENEFITS OF GRID CONNECT SOLAR ENERGY CHOICE OF TECHNOLOGY

PAGE NO.
5 6 8 9 9 9

SECTION 2

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

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INTRODUCTION BRIEF DETAILS OF PROJECT AREA LOCATION MAP OF JALGAON IN MAHARASHTRA SITE METEROLOGICAL DATA

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SECTION 3

DEMAND ANALYSIS PROJECT INTRODUCTION

AND

JUSTIFICATION

OF

THE

SOLAR POWER POTENTIAL IN INDIA SOLAR RADIATION OF INDIA SOLAR ENERGY POTENTIAL IN MAHARASHTRA THE CURRENT POWER SCENARIO OF MAHARASHTRA POWER SUPPLY POSITION IN THE STATE NEED FOR THE PROJECT SECTION 4 TECHNICAL FEATURES & EQUIPMENT OF THE PLANT BASIC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OPERATION PHILOSOPHY POWER GENERATION SCHEME DESCRIPTION OF MAIN PLANT EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION OF POWER EVACUATION SYSTEM AND INTERFACING WITH GRID SECTION 5 POWER PLANT CONFIGURATION AND SPECIFICATIONS OF MAIN PLANT EQUIPMENT SELECTION OF UNITS SPECIFICATIONS OF MAIN PLANT SECTION 6 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PHIOLOSOPHY ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE SECTION 7 SECTION 8 SWOT ANALYSIS PLANT LAYOUT & CIVIL ENGINEERING ASPECTS INTRODUCTION PLANT LAYOUT

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MAIN PLANT AND EQUIPMENT LAYOUT STRUCTURAL WORKS

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SECTION 9

PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION IMPLEMENTATION CONCEPT PROJECT SCHEDULE

SECTION 10

ESTIMATED PROJECT COST BASIS OF COST ESTIMATION ESTIMATED COST OF PROJECT

SECTION 11

ESTIMATED POWER GENERATION COST COST OF POWER GENERATION ESTIMATED COST OF POWER GENERATION

SECTION 12

ENCLOSURES ANNEXURE ANNEXURE 1 ANNEXURE 2 DRAWINGS TEE-167-GA-101 TEE-167-GA-102 TEE-167-GA-501 PLOT PLAN GENERAL ARRANGEMENT: CONTROL ROOM KEY SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM / P0 THE PROMOTIONAL POLICIES OF MNRE FOR SOLAR POWER GENERATION PROJECT SCHEDULE

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(A)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The Electricity Act, 2003, paves way for an innovative approach to solve our countrys power problems. It has paved the way for a competitive environment; open access to existing transmission and distribution network to transmit electricity across regions; de-licensing of generation, captive power and dedicative transmission lines; licensing of distribution and supply companies and the restructuring of State Electricity Boards The Ministry of Power have a mandate to promote cogeneration and renewable sources for Power generation under Nodal agencies and hence it will play a major role in mainstreaming renewable energy sector. The advantage or renewable resources includes their capacity to produce energy without producing carbonbased warming and polluting agents into the atmosphere. The financial cost of its applications is not always cheap but if the environmental costs of using fossil are accounted for, renewable energy wins hands-down. There are also indirect savings on health and its costs as there are no harmful emissions. In the above backdrop, Sahil Energy Pvt. Ltd., has decided to set up a 5MW Solar Power Plant. This Detailed Project Report (DPR) brings out all technical details and overall costs justifying the selection of the project. The total power generation is envisaged to be 5MW from Solar Photovoltaic Cell. It is a very important document that is required for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies, fixation of tariff, finalizing Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) and also for submission to Financial Institutions for obtaining project funding. The total project cost is expected to be Rs85 Crores and the average cost of generation is expected to be Rs.12.86 /kWh.

(B) 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

PROJECT AT A GLANCE GENERAL The Project Owner Location of Plant Location Distance from District Headquarter 5MW Solar PV Grid Connected Power Project SAHIL ENERGY ANANTAPUR DIST. Kadiri

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1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10

Access by Road Access by Rail Access by Air Telecommunications Land

Chennai Mumbai National highway Kadiri Railway station Satya Sai Airport Anantpura Telecommunication facility available It is proposed to install 5MW on the land, admeasuring about Acre, which is already demarcated Barren Land Non Agricultural Land
13'-40' and 15'-15' Northern Latitude and 76'-50' and 78'-30' Eastern Longitude

1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20

Land Characteristics The Geographical location of the project site Irradiation details considered Type of Module Mounting Structure

Kadiri, Anantpur(Dist.) Fixed Structures, Earth Mounted

Type of PV Modules Considered for Crystalline the offer Proposed Capacity Capacity of each PV Module Invertors Capacity Projected Energy Production per year Total Project Cost 5 MWp 200 Wp 100 KVA x 50 Nos. 8.3 MU(Assured) Rs 80. CR

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SECTION - 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT

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INTRODUCTION World Economic growth is driven by energy, whether in the form of finite resources such as coal, oil and gas or in renewable forms such as hydroelectric, wind, solar and biomass or its converted form. This energy generation and consumption It also has strengthens the nations industries, vehicles, homes and offices.

significant impact on the quality of the countrys air, water, land and forest resources. For future growth to be both rapid and sustainable, it needs to be as resource efficient and environmentally benign as possible. 2.0 GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY & IMPORTANCE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY The growth in installed power generating capacity has not kept pace with the projected demand. To solve this problem, it is necessary to set up more power plants and most of these power plants will be either fossil fuel based or hydro electric units. However, the conventional power stations cause enormous damage to be environment due to pollution and other side effects. Renewable energy sources energy source are wonderful options because they are limitless. These will not be exhausted though fossil fuel will be gradually exhausted in course of time. Also another great benefit from using renewable energy is that most of these sources do not pollute the environment; the way burning of fossil fuels dose. 3.0 SOURCE OF GREENHOUSE GAS The greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) come primarily from the combustion of fossil fuels in energy use. Energy use is largely driven by economic growth with shortterm fluctuations in its growth rate created by weather patterns affecting heating and cooling needs, as well as changes in the fuel used in electricity generation. The burning of fossil fuels produces around 21.3 billion tones of Carbon Dioxide per year, but it is estimated that natural processes can only absorb about half of that amount, so there is a net increase of 10.65 billion tones of atmospheric carbon dioxide per year. Carbon dioxide is one of the GHG that enhances radioactive forcing and contributes to global warming, causing the average surface temperature of the earth to rise. Environment scientists predict that this will cause major adverse effects, including reduced biodiversity.

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The electricity sector is unique among industrial sectors in its very large contribution to emissions associated with nearly all air issues. Electricity generation produces a large share of nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide emissions, which contribute to smog and acid rain and the formation of fine particulate matter in addition to carbon dioxide. In addition, this sector has significant impacts on water and habitat and species. In particular, hydro dams and transmission lines have significant effects on water and biodiversity 4.0 GREEN HOUSE GAS CONCENTRATION TRENDS The atmospheric concentration of CO2 has increased by 31% since 1750 and continues to increase, on average, by 1.5 ppm or 0.4% per year. About 80% of the anthropogenic emissions of CO2 during the past 20 years is due to fossil fuel burning and cement production. The rest is due to deforestation. The atmospheric concentrations of CH4 and N2O have increased by 151% and 17%, respectively, since 1750. The table given below shows the 20 th Century changes in the Earths atmosphere system for selected GHGs. TABLE ATMOSPHERE COCENTRATION OF GHGs IN THE 21ST CENTURY Atmospheric Indicator CO2 CH4 N2O Tropospheric O3 HFCs, PFCs, SF6 5.0 5.1 Pre-Industrial Concentration (1000 1750) 280 ppb 700 270 Concentration in year 2000 368 ppb 1750 316 Increase in Concentration Level in Percentage 31 4% 151 25% 17 5%

Increases by 35 15% from 1750, varies with region Increased globally over last 50 years

ATMOSPERIC LIFETIME & GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL (GWP) FOR SOME GREEN HOUSE GASES CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) CO2 It has a variable atmospheric lifetime, and cannot be specified precisely. Recent studies indicate that recovery from a large input of atmospheric CO2 from burning fossil fuels will result in an effective lifetime of tens of thousands of years. Carbon dioxide to have a GWP of 1 over all time periods.

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METHANE (CH4) Methane has an atmospheric lifetime of 12+3 years and a GWP of 62 over 20 years, 23 over 100 years and 7 over 500 years. The decrease in GWP at longer timer is because methane is degraded to water and CO2 by chemical reactions in the atmosphere.

5.3

NITROUS OXIDE (NOX) Nitrous Oxide has an atmospheric lifetime of 120 years and a GWP of 296 over 100 years

5.4

CFC 12 CFC 12 has an atmospheric lifetime of 100 years and a GWP of 106000 over 100 years

5.5

HCFC 22 HFFC 22 has an atmospheric lifetime of 121 years and a GWP of 1700 over 100 years

5.6

TETRAFLUOROMETHANE Tetrafluoromethane has an atmospheric lifetime of 50,000 years and a GWP of 5700 over 100 years

5.7

SULPHUR HEXAFLUORIDE (SF6) SF6 has an atmospheric lifetime of 3,200 years and a GWP of 22000 over 100 years

6.0

WORLD ENERGY SCENARIO It was estimated that in 2005, 86% of primary energy production in the world came from burning fossil fuels, with the remaining non-fossil sources being hydroelectric 6.3%, nuclear 6.0%, and renewable energy sources, i.e. geothermal, solar, wind, biomass and wastes contributed only 0.9%.

7.0

BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT Large multi-megawatt PV plants, approximately to 50 MW, are now in operation in the world. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) is known to be an important energy source for developing countries like India. Its importance is now being reaffirmed even by developed countries in view of its renewable and environment friendly character. In our country

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also, optimum utilization of solar energy could not only lead to savings in conventional energy but also result in many indirect benefits. In India 2MW solar PV now are commercially operated by independent power producer. But till now solar technology is expensive compared to other technology and significant financial assistance from government is needed to the developers and operators of new plants. In view of this, the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy Sources has been promoting electricity generation from Solar PV in Mega-Watt level. These projects are covered under the Grid Interactive Solar PV Power Generation Projects of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy Sources, Govt. of India. The Ministry initiated the programme to establish as a viable and environment friendly electricity generation option. 8.0 BARRIERS IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROJECT The project has been identified with some barriers as mentioned below: (a) Higher capital cost The initial capital investment of the project is so high compared to other conventional power Project, so per MW cost is high. (b) Low Capacity Utilization factor the total unit generation is low compared to other electricity generation system, because maximum of 6 hours in a day plant gets the solar light and generates the power. The project being first of its kind in the state, thee could be more risks and barriers which might surface as the project progresses and it is difficult to enumerate all at this stage. 9.0 BENEFITS OF GRID CONNECTED SOLAR PV POWER PLANT (a) (b) Power from the sun is clean, silent, limitless and free Photovoltaic process releases no CO2, SO2 or NO2 gases which are normally associated with burning finite fossil fuel reserves and dont contribute to global warming. (c) Photovoltaics are now a proven technology which is inherently safe as opposed to other fossil fuel based electricity generating technologies. (d) (e) (f) No fuel is required for generation, so fuel cost of power generation is zero. Solar power shall augment the needs of peak power needs Increase the grid reliability i.e., voltage and frequency

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Solar Powered Grid Connect Plants can act as tail end energizers, which in turn reduces the transmission and distribution losses.

(h) (i) (j)

Provides a potential revenue source in a diverse energy portfolio Assists in meeting renewable portfolio standards goals Generation of electricity from Solar PV is totally free of Green House Gas emission.

10.0

CHOICE OF TECHNOLOGY Proposed power plant converts sunlight directly into electrical energy by Solar PV Module. It produces DC current. There are two types of solar power plants, mainly (a) (b) Stand alone Grid Connected

In Grid Connected type power plant, Modules supplies DC current to inverter. Then DC is converted to low voltage AC current. AC power is stepped up by 415 / 11 kV step up transformer & fed to the grid. Now a days there are two types of solar cells available in market (a) (b) (c) Amorphous type Crystalline type Thin Film (CIGS/CdTe) type

The efficiency of amorphous is less than crystalline. So, more area is needed to set up same capacity solar plant with amorphous type cells. Polycrystalline solar cells are used in proposed solar power plant.

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SECTION - 2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

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1.0

INTRODUCTION The proposed 5MWp solar power plant project will generate electricity from nonconventional sources. The project will use polycrystalline technology for the first time in the state for producing power by solar energy. This project envisages generation of safe, reliable electricity in an environmentally friendly way.

2.0

BRIEF DETAILS OF PROJECT AREA Kadiri is a taluka under Anantpura District situate in Andhrapradesh Proposed Solar Power Plant is situated in Kadari

Land area of power plant 2.1

20Acres

Geographical coordinates of power plant site: (a) (b) Latitude Longitude : : : 13'-40' and 15'-15' Northern Latitude 76'-50' and 78'-30' Eastern Longitude Barren Land Non Agricultural Land Open land & has no shadow

2.2

Land Characteristics

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4.0

SITE METEROLOGICAL DATA

Area 19130 sq. kms. Latitude 13-40' and 15-15' N Longitude 76-50' and 78-30' E Temperature Max.: 29.1C; Min: 17.2C Average Rainfall 520.4 mm Population 3639304 (2001 census) Population Density 190.2 per sq. kms. Literacy Rate 56.69%

How to Reach

By Air : Anantapur is 354 Km from Hyderabad and 213 Km away from Bangolore Airport. By Rail : Anantapur railway station is 354 Km from Hyderabad, 288 Km from Tirupati and 213 Km from Bangalore. Several express and local trains are available to/from Anantapur. By Road : It is 354 kms from Hyderabad, 213 kms from Bangalore. It is connected with most important cities of the state and also with neighboring states.

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SECTION - 3 DEMAND ANALYSIS AND JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT

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1.0

INTRODUCTION It is well know fact that electricity is the most essential input for growth and development of any state. Andhra pradesh is planning to go rapidly in both the industrial and agricultural sectors and consequently the demand for power is on the rise. However, despite Andhrapradesh possessing immense potential of power ranging from Coal to natural gas not taken place on a scale commensurate with the possibilities. As a result there exists a big gap between conventional and Nonconventional power generation for power in the State.

2.0

SOLAR POWER POTENTIAL IN INDIA India is endowed with rich solar energy resource. The average intensity of solar radiation received in India is 200 MW/km square (megawatt per kilometer square), but the amount of solar energy produced in India is merely 0.5% compared to other energy resources till date India just have 2.12 megawatts of grid-connect solar generation capacity. As part of the National Solar Mission, the ministry aims to booster the annual photovoltaic production to at least 1,000 megawatts a year by 2017. With an installed capacity of 123 GW, the country currently faces energy shortage of 8 percent and a peak demand shortage of 11.6 percent, In order to sustain a growth rate of 8 percent, it is estimated that the power generation capacity in India would have to increase to 306 GW in the next ten years which is 2.5 times current levels.

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3.0

SOLAR RADIATION MAP OF INDIA

KADIRI ANANTPURA SOLAR RADIATION DATA

LOCATION 13-40' and 15-15' N LATTITUDE 76-50' and 78-30' E LONGITUDE

ANNUAL SOLAR RADIATION 5.6 KWh/SQ.M

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4.0

SOLAR ENERGY POTENTIAL IN MAHARASHTRA Solar power plants are a necessity at places in Andhra Pradesh for providing electricity to improve the standard of living of the people. Financial constraints in the public sector and non-remunerative characteristics of economics act as disincentives to private entrepreneurs. Till now, no grid connected solar power plant is being setup in AP though some of projects are already sanctioned. Nodal agency of Energy, NEDCAP has already announced tariff policies for solar energy as per MNRE rules The proposed plant may be the first kind of Solar Power Plant in state that supplies the solar electricity to the grid

4.1

Promotion Policies of MNRE The promotional policies of MNRE for solar power generation are enclosed in annexure-1

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4.3

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Normally grid connected power plants generate electricity by burning fossil fuel, which results in GHG emissions and other associated emissions like Sox and NOx. The proposed power plant project activity aims at reducing these GHG emissions in addition to power generation by installing a 1.0 MW Solar power generation plant, to supply power to the Grid (a) Baseline information Current data from Central Electricity Authority (CEA) for determination of combined margin for the regional grids are furnished below: CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY: CO2 BASELINE DATABASE

VERSION DATE BASELINE METHODOLOGY EMISSION FACTORS

3.0 15/12/2007 ACM 002 / Ver 07

WEIGHTED AVERAGE EMISSION RATE ( TCO2 / MWH ) (EXCL. IMPORTS)


2000-01 North East South West North-East India 0.72 1.09 0.73 0.90 0.42 0.82 2001-02 0.73 1.06 0.75 0.92 0.41 0.83 2002-03 0.74 1.11 0.82 0.90 0.40 0.85 2003-04 0.71 1.10 0.84 0.90 0.43 0.85 2004-05 0.71 1.08 0.78 0.92 0.32 0.84 2005-06 0.71 1.08 0.74 0.87 0.33 0.82 2006-07 0.72 1.03 0.72 0.85 0.39 0.80

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SIMPLE OPERATING MARGIN ( TCO2 / MWh )


2000-01 North East South West North-East India 0.98 1.22 1.02 0.98 0.74 1.02 2001-02 0.98 1.22 1.00 1.01 0.71 1.02 2002-03 1.00 1.20 1.01 0.98 0.74 1.02 2003-04 0.99 1.23 1.00 0.99 0.74 1.03 2004-05 0.97 1.2 1.00 1.01 0.71 1.03 2005-06 0.99 1.16 1.01 0.99 0.70 1.02 2006-07 0.99 1.13 1.00 0.99 0.69 1.01

BUILD MARGIN ( TCO2 / MWh ) (Excl. Imports)


2000-01 North East South West North-East India 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 0.53 0.90 0.70 0.77 0.15 0.69 2005-06 0.60 0.97 0.71 0.63 0.15 0.68 2006-07 0.63 0.93 0.71 0.59 0.23 0.68

COMBINED MARGIN ( TCO2 / MWh ) (Excl. Imports)


2000-01 North East South West North-East India 0.76 1.06 0.86 0.87 0.44 0.86 2001-02 0.76 1.06 0.85 0.89 0.43 0.86 2002-03 0.77 1.05 0.86 0.88 0.44 0.86 2003-04 0.76 1.07 0.85 0.88 0.44 0.86 2004-05 0.75 1.05 0.85 0.89 0.43 0.86 2005-06 0.80 1.06 0.86 0.81 0.42 0.85 2006-07 0.81 1.03 0.85 0.79 0.46 0.85

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(b)

How CDM Works?

An investor from a developed country can invest in, or provide finance for a project in a developing country that reduces greenhouse gas emissions so that they are lower than they would have been without the extra investment- i.e. compared to what would have happened without the CDM under a business as usual outcome. The investor then gets credits- carbon credits-for the reductions and can use those credits to meet their Kyoto target. If the CDM works perfectly it will not result in more or less emission reduction being achieved than were agreed under the Kyoto protocol, it will simply change the location in which some of the reductions will happen. For example, a French company needs to reduce its emissions as part of its contribution to meet Frances emission reduction target under the Kyoto Protocol. Instead of reducing emissions from its own activities in France, the company provides funding for the construction of a new biomass plant in India that would not have been able to go ahead without this investment. This they argue, prevents the construction of new fossil-fueled plants in India, or displaces consumption of electricity from existing ones, leading to Global Environmental Concerns reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in India. The French investor gets credit for those reductions and can use them to help meet their reduction target in France. (c) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) Significance of CDM Achieve sustainable development Reduce impact on environment Additional stream of income through sale of emission reductions Contributes for rural development Reduce pollution levels Technology improvement Improves Economics of Project Helps developed commitments countries to achieve their emission reduction

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SECTION - 4 TECHNICAL FEATURE & EQUIPMENTS OF THE PLANT

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1.0

BASIC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION Solar Photovoltaic power generator consists of solar modules in series and

parallel connections, these convert solar radiations into DC electrical power at DOC. NO.: VER.: P0 GREENERGY POWER (I) PVT LTD the pre-determined range of Voltages whenever sufficient solar radiation is TEE-185- available. The 5MW SOLAR PV GRIDsolar CONNECTED SHtogether Page 25 in of a individual crystalline cells are connected DPR POWER PROJECT 58 module (in series connection), which are hermetically sealed to survive in rugged weather conditions and ensures optimum performance during its ling life In order to achieve a higher system voltage, modules are installed in a row arrangement, called a string. A higher system voltage has the advantage of lesser installation work, higher efficiency of the entire plant and usage of smaller cross section cables. Calculated no. of strings is connected in parallel by cables in Junction Boxes. These junction boxes not only act as a junction point but also monitor each string output which will be fed to the central monitoring and analysis system. Outputs from many such junction boxes are connected in parallel in the Main Combiner Box (MCB). This Main Combiner Box output is fed to the central inverters/Power Control Unit (PCU) to invert solar generated DC power in to conventional 3 phase AC power. Central inverter or PCU operate on MPPT (Maximum power point tracking) mode to ensure maximum output from the solar generators at different ambient conditions. Central inverters use higher system voltages to reach very high plant efficiency. Furthermore, installations can be expanded with additions of more modules without problems. AC power from inverters will be fed to LV panel which in turn will be stepped up through transformer. Power at 11kv/22Kv will be transmitted by overhead 2.0 transmission line to grid. OPERATION PHILOSOPHY Solar panels mounted in the field generate DC electric power. The DC electric power generated by the solar panels cannot be fed directly in to the utility grid. The GCI range of inverters invert the direct current output from the solar array into grid compliant AC voltage, feeds it in to the utility grid system with proper protection and control. The grid connected inverter (GCI) range of inverters comes with built-in transformer that ensures galvanic isolation of the DC side from the AC network. This is an important requirement for many utilities to permit connection of solar panels on to the grid. The system automatically starts up in the morning and begins to export power to the grid, provided there is sufficient solar energy and the grid voltage, frequency is within the range. If the grid goes out of range the inverter will be immediately disconnected and reconnected automatically at a pre determined time after the grid comes back within range. When the exported power is very negligible for a pre determined time the system will go into an sleep mode by disconnecting the inverter from the grid. 3.0 POWER GENERATION SCHEME

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SECTION-5 POWER PLANT CONFIGURATION AND SPECIFICATIONS OF MAIN PLANT EQUIPMENT

1.0

SELECTION OF UNITS The capacity of the Proposed Solar Power Plant has been fixed at 1 MWp.x 5Nos.

The principle factors considered for designing and selection of proposed plant are DOC. NO.: VER.: P0 GREENERGY POWER (I) PVT LTD local solar radiations, ambient conditions and electrical load characteristics of TEE-1855MW SOLAR PV GRID SH Page 28 of major system namely the array and CONNECTED power conditioning unit. Moreover, the DPR POWER PROJECT 58 proposed plant is situated at remote village location, so maximum use of local materials available on site for construction and to retain or preserve the original appearance of the sire and the environment are considered SR.NO. 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 2.0 (A) SR.NO. 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 ITEM PV arrays Modules in a string String in a array Inverters Transformer 50 Nos 18 Nos 28Nos 50 X 100 KVA 5Nos

SPECIFICATION OF MAIN PLANT SOLAR PV MODULE ITEM Output Power-Pmax (Watt) Voltage at maximum power-Vmp (Volts) Current at maximum power-Imp (Amps) Open circuit voltage Voc (Volts) Short circuit current-Ise (Amps) Type of solar PV cell Dimensions weight

200 Wp 28.60 V 7.02 36 7.55 Poly Crystalline 1619MM x 1002MM 23.50Kg

(B) SR. NO. 1.0

SOLAR INVERTER ITEM Nominal Voltage 230/400 volts three phase, 4 Wire, grid tracking Nominal voltage can be adjusted by 10% via system stepoints.

2.0

Output Frequency

50Hz 0.5% inverter to follow grid frequency up to 3Hz of the nominal output frequency during normal operation

3.0 4.0

Continuous rating Max DC link Voltage Range

100 kw at unity power factor 800 volts DC

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(C)

415V PCC x 125 Nos

SR. NO. ITEM 1.0 TECHNICAL PARAMETERS DOC. NO.: VER.: P0 GREENERGY POWER (I) PVT LTD 1.1 System particulars 1.1.1 Rated voltage and phases 415 V, 3 Phase, 4 wire TEE-185- Frequency 5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED SH Page 30 of 1.1.2 50 Hz DPR POWER PROJECT 58 1.1.3 System earthing Effectively earthed 1.1.4 Maximum system voltage 457 V 1.1.5 One minute power frequency withstand voltage (a) Power circuit 1.1.6 1.1.7 1.1.8 1.1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.2 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 (b) Control circuit Continuous current rating of busbars (a) PCC Short circuit withstand (a) PCC Reference ambient Max temp of busbars at rated current CONSTRUCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS Sheet steel thickness Frames Doors Covers Degree of protection Colour finish shade as per IS: 5 Interior Exterior 2000A 50 kA/1 sec. 500C max. 900C 2.5 kV 1.5 kV

2.5 mm cold rolled 2.5 mm cold rolled 2.0 mm cold rolled IP 52 Seven tank process painting with epoxy based Glossy white Shade 631

2.4

Busbar material

All alloy of E 91 E grade. For main bus bars - copper for Auxiliary bus bars fully insulated Fully insulated GS By bidder 5-50 degrees Celsuis 25.4 mm 19.4 mm All panels Rate for IP30 Draw out type Fixed / plug in type Through cables Minimum 250 mm Bottom Fully draw out type Air circuit

2.4.1 2.5 2.5.1 2.5.2 2.6 2.6.1 2.6.2 2.7 2.8 2.8.1 2.8.2 2.9 2.10 2.11 3.0 3.1

Bus bra installation Earthin bus. Material Size (a) for PCC Clearances in air of live parts Phase to Phase Phase to earth Single front design Draw out / Fixed type design PCC-ACB MCCB Incoming supply to PCCs Vertical cable alley Cable entry INCOMER CIRCUIT BREAKER FOR PCC Circuit breaker type

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR (D) SR. NO. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

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TRANSFORMER ITEM GENERAL Application Quantity Installation (Indoor / Outdoor ) Type (Auto / 2 Winding / 3 Winding) Rating Cooling TEMRATURE RISE Ambient temp. maximum Temp. Rise of oil by thermometer Temp. Rise of winding by resistance method Impedance at rated current frequency at 75 C

Power Transformer 1 No. Outdoor 2 Winding 1.6 MVA ONAN 45 C 50 C 55 C 6.25%

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 4.0 4.1 4.2 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.0 6.1

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT TAPPING: Off Load Tap Changer Tapping on winding (HV) Total tapping range Step RATING No load voltages Frequency TERMINAL CONNECTION HV Winding Line end HV Winding neutral end LV Winding Line / N end LV Winding neutral bushing Earthing conductor for Transformer body SYSTEM DATA System voltages

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+5 to -5% +10 2.5% ( 5 taps) (a) HV Winding (b) LV Winding 50 Hz 11 kV 433 V 433 V

XLPE cable (with heat shrink terminations) ---------XLPE cable (with heat shrink terminations) Separate Neutral bushing for earth connection (suitable for 1.1kV grade) (a) Material -- G.I. strip (b) Size -- 60 x 12 mm (a) HV Nominal / Highest 11/12 kV (b) LV Nominal / Highest 0.433/0.457 kV (a) HV (6.6kV) system (b) LV (415V) system 40 kA 50 kA

6.2 6.3

Fault levels System Neutral Earthing

(a) HV (11kV) Earth through Resistor (b) LV (415V) Solidly Earth System Copper HV (11kV) Delta LV (433V) Star

7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 9.0 9.1

WINDING Material of Winding Winding connection & vector group Transformer neutral Type of Earthing MISCELLANEOUS Wheels Winding temp. indicator required Any special final paint required (Epoxy etc.) Additional features for terminal connection HV cable box:

Dyn 11

(a) HV Not applicable (b) LV Solidly Earthed (a) Plain / Flanged : Flanged (b) Unidirectional / Bidirectional : Bidirectional Yes Epoxy painting

With disconnecting chamber, phase segregated type, provided with space heater thermostat

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR 9.2 9.3 9.4

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT LT cable box Separate LV Neutral bushing: Neutral CT after bifurcation NOTES:

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Required for earth connection to earth pit 2000/1 A, class PS for 64R, 2000/1 A, CL 5P10, 15 VA for 51NS shall be provided

(1) Transformers shall be provided with necessary accessories

(E) SR. NO. 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0

HT CABLES ITEM Voltage Grade Conductor Conductor Screen Insulation Inner sheath Outer sheath Armoring

11 kV (UE) grade cables, heavy duty Stranded Aluminium Semi conducting compound XLPE Extruded PVC (Type ST-2) Extruded PVC (Type ST-2) Galvanized steel strips for multi-core cables and non-magnetic Aluminium wires for single core cables Cable Operating Temperature 90 C Short circuit withstand current 40kA for 1 sec. capacity Short circuit withstand temperature 250 C

(F) SR. NO. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4.1 1.4.2

1.4.3 1.4.4 1.5 1.5.1 1.5.2 1.6 1.6.1

LT CABLES ITEM POWER CABLE Voltage Grade Frequency Earthing system Conductor Material Max withstand Temp (a) Normal condition (b) Short circuit condition Conductor type Grade Insulation Material Reference standard Inner Sheath Material

UNIT V/V Hz C C 1100V for 415V system 50 Solidly earthed system for 415V system Annealed Cu 90 250 Stranded H4 XLPE IS 7098, Part I and Part II FRLS PVC

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR 1.6.2 1.7 1.7.1 1.7.2

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT Type Outer Sheath Material Type ST2 FRLS PVC ST2

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(G) 1.0 1.1

EARTHING & LIGHITNG PROTECTION CODES & STANDARDS The earthing of all outdoor equipment and provision of associated earthing systems, electrodes and connections shall be in accordance with the recommendations in the latest IEEE 80/IS 3043.

2.0 2.1

DESIGN CRITERIA GROUNDING SYSTEM The grounding design calculation shall conform to ANSI / IEEE Standard 802000. Earth electrodes shall be provided throughout the plant areas along with the main earth grid. The number of earth electrodes shall be according to achieve the total earth grid resistance less than one (1) ohm. Earth electrodes shall be provided in earth pits. The earth pits shall be of two types namely treated with test links and untreated. Earth electrodes shall be of heavy duty GI pipes, 40 mm dia and 3 meter long. The main buried grid conductors shall be connected to all the earth electrodes to form a total earth grid.

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GROUNDING MATERIAL Galvanised steel flats of required size shall be used as per approved design. In any case the minimum size shall be 75 x 10 mm. GS strip for earthing conductor. Treated earth pits shall conform to relevant INDIAN Standards. The earth grid shall be installed specified / approved depth of minimum 600mm.

2.3

EQUIPMENT EARTHING The frames of all electrical equipment and structural steel work shall be earthed by connection to earth grid by branches of same cross sectional area of the earth grid.

2.4

LIGHTINING PROTECTION SYSTEM Power plant needs protection against Lighting. The system will be designed as per IS: 2309 and Indian Electricity Rules. Vertical air termination of 40mm diameter, 3 M long shall be provided above highest point of array to provide radius of protection full array.

(H) SR. NO. 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0

STRUCTURAL MOUNTING EQUIPMENT ITEM Type Material Overall dimension Coating Wind rating Tilt angle Foundation Fixing type Ground Mounting MS Galvanized As per design Hot dip (Galvanized) Minimum of 130 Micron size 150 km / hr 30 PCC SS 304 Fastners

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SECTION - 6 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

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1.0

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PHILOSOPHY The proposed Organization structure for the operation and maintenance (O&M) of the power plant is presented in the exhibit. In order to ensure a high level of performance of the power plant, it is proposed to induct experienced O&M engineers from the very beginning of the project.

1.1

BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE O&M TEAM The basic structure and the broad functional area within the O&M organization would be as follows: The Plant Manager would have the primary responsibility for the O&M of the power plant. The organization will compromise of four broad functional areas viz. Operation, Maintenance, Technical and Administration. The basic duties covered under each of these functional areas would be as follows:

1.1.1

Operation (a) Operation of main generating equipment, switch yard and other auxiliary plant. (b) Except for the Power Station Superintendent all other operating personnel would work one shift basis. (c) The day to day operation of the power plant will be controlled by the Manager who will be assisted by the Control room operators and engineers.

1.1.2

Maintenance (a) Maintenance of mechanical and electrical plant, control systems, buildings, roads, drainages and sewage systems etc. (b) Operation of the plant, planning and scheduling maintenance works and deciding the requirement of spare parts (c) The Plant Manager will be assisted by departmental engineers, who take care of the maintenance aspects of all mechanical, electrical and I&C requirement

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT

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(d)

Trained technicians will be employed to assist the maintenance group in day to day maintenance of the plant.

1.1.3

Administration The main responsibilities of this department will be as follows: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Purchase Plant Security Liaison with local labour officers Stores management Medical Services Transport services

1.2

FACILITIES TO BE EXTENDED TO THE EMPLOYEES The number of employees required for operation of the proposed power plant will be around 10 numbers. plant. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Administration Building and Technical Office Stores Time and security offices First Aid and Fire Fighting Station Toilets and Changes rooms The personnel required for administration and finance & accounts also will be provided. The following facilities will be provided in the power

1.3

STATION OPERATION PHILOSOPHY The power generated from this plant is exported to MSEB Grid. Necessary software and hardware features are required for effective operation and maintenance management system Software system manages and provides the information needed to manage daily operations, improve labour productivity, reduce maintenance costs, and monitor preventive and predictive maintenance programs Through more effective scheduled and preventive maintenance, the costs associated with emergency breakdowns can be greatly reduced. This includes

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT

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savings from reduced payroll overtime, fewer defective products and reduced down time losses from disrupted production schedules. 1.4 STATION MAINTENANCE PHILOSOPHY The based power plant maintenance philosophy is based on the following aspects: 1.4.1 Ordinary Maintenance Ordinary Maintenance, which covers routine checking and minor refurbishment activities to be performed according to operation manuals of components / equipments in operating conditions. 1.4.2 Emergency Maintenance Emergency Maintenance, which is corrective maintenance to be performed when a significant failure occurs. To minimize forced outages duration, an effective Emergency Maintenance must be supported by: (a) (b) 1.4.3 A proper stock of spare parts Permanent monitoring and diagnostic systems for main components.

Maintenance Plan and Scheduled Maintenance Scheduled maintenance is carried our according to maintenance plan, which should be discussed and optimized according to the needs of the customer / client. The maintenance plan is based on scheduled outages for the following components: (a) (b) (c) Cleaning of Solar Module Power Processing System Switchyard equipment

1.5

MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM The maintenance of this plant will be carried out as per the above philosophy. This system aims at maximizing the availability of the plant, while ensuring minimum maintenance cost and safety of the plant and personnel.

1.6

SPARE PARTS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM The primary objective of spare part management system will be to ensure timely availability of proper spare parts for efficient maintenance of the plant without excessive build-up of non-moving and slow moving inventory. The spare parts management system for this project will cover the following areas:

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR (a) (b) (c) (d)

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT Proper codification of all spares and consumables Spare parts indenting and procurement policy Ordering of critical mandatory and recommended spares

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Judicious fixation of inventory levels and ordering levels for spare parts based on experience.

(e)

Development of more than one source of manufacturer / supplier whenever practicable.

1.7

AVAILABILITY OF O & M MANUALS All contracts include provision of at least 6 sets of details O&M manuals, which will be distributed to all departments concerned well in advance from the commissioning date of the power plant to avoid problems in preparation of commissioning documents as well as proper installation and commissioning procedures of various equipments.

1.8

SPECIAL TOOLS AND TACKLES All contracts will include the provision for supply of one set of all types of special tools and tackles, which are required for installation, commissioning and proper maintenance of plant and equipment.

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1.9

CHECKLISTS AND PROTOCOL A detailed checklist for the various equipments, supplemented with the checklist submitted by the supplier shall be drawn and logged for future reference. This will also form part of the plants base history / datum. Whenever an equipment in commissioned, the important parameters of that particular equipment should be observed for a period of eight hours and the readings shall be logged as per the log sheets. These activities shall be performed in the presence of the customer / consultant and a protocol shall be signed.

1.10

SAFETY AND PROTECTION The importance of safety and the protection of personnel and equipment cannot be overemphasized. The system must be designed to minimize hazards to operation and maintenance personnel, the public, and equipment. The control subsystem must be equipped with various fuses, built-in fault detection and protection algorithms to protect the users, the loads, and the PV system equipment. The safety of an operator or technician is of the utmost importance. Personnel must be protected from electric shock by following all available safety practices. Such as displaying high voltage warning signs wherever necessary. In general, the system must adhere to the IS Codes and standards dealing with safety issues. Some of the important safety criteria are as follows: (a) (b) Electrical components should be insulated and grounded All high voltage terminations (> 50 Vdc) should be properly covered and insulated (c) All component with elevated temperatures should be insulated against contact with or exposure to personnel (d) Structures should be grounded and ground fault relays installed to give warning of ground faults in the array or other electrical components.

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR 2.0

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ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE

PLANT MANAGER 2 NO

OPERATION MANAGER (5 NO.)

MAINTENANCE & ADMINISTRATION MANAGER (5 NO.)

ADMIN. STAFF ( 3NOS. )

ADMIN. STAFF (3 NOS. )

CONTROL ROOM TECHNICIAN (3 NOS. + 2 NO. )

TECHNICIAN (3 NOS.)

ELECTRICAL TECHNICIAN ( 5NO. )

TOTAL O&M STAFF = 29 NOS.

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SECTION - 7 SWOT ANALYSIS

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SWOT ANALYSIS. Non Conventional Sources, which are renewable in nature, are termed as the alternate sources of energy. The Challenges of the present energy scenario offer us a window of the opportunity in the form of renewable energy sources. The Power from the sun is clean , silent , limitless and free. Photovoltaic (PV) process releases no CO2 , SO2 or NO2 gases which are normally associated with burning finite fossil fuel reserve and dont contribute to global warming . Solar power shall augment the need of peak power needs & increases the grid reliability I.e , Voltage and frequency. Solar Powered grid connect plants can act as tail end energizes , which in turn reduces the transmission and distribution losses. (a) Geographically India is situated at northern hemisphere near the Equator. So India gets maximum solar irradiation and there is ample of scope to produce the power from solar PV. But till now this area is totally (b) virgin area for producing power. This is true that solar PV efficiency is very low compared to other power generation systems , Lots of R&D is going on the improve the efficiency. Solar PV generates electricity only at day time , So the proposed solar PV Power plant generates power on an average only about six hours in (C) day time. India is potentially one of the largest markets for solar energy in the world. The estimate4d potential of power generation through solar photovoltaic system is about 20 MW/Sq.km in India. It is useful for providing grid quality, reliable power in rural area where the line voltage is low and insufficient cater to connected load. Recent Government incentives and policies have been providing the momentum for PV in India . The Government of India already declared national Action plan on climate change released in mid 2008, identifies eight critical mission (d) one of which is the National Solar Mission. In comparison to other sources of power generation, the PV solar power is totally dependent in nature . The capacity utilization factor of such type of plant is only 19%. Because averagely in the year we get 6 hr sunlight in a day . Only this particular interval solar plant generates electricity. In comparison to other conventional power generating units, solar power

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT generating unit has many advantages like. (a) (b) ( c) (d)

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No fuel is required for power generation. Operation & Maintenance Manpower required is less. Plant will be running smoothly for a long period as compared to other conventional power generation units. In environmental perspective , solar power plant generates clean energy and gets maximum clean development mechanism (CDM) benefit as

compared to other conventional power generation units. Considering all the above points, solar power generating potential is always ahead of all other conventional power generating units in economical & Environment point of view.

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SECTION - 8 PLANT LAYOUT & CIVIL ENGINEERING ASPECTS

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1.0

INTRODUCTION. This layout of the plant and facilities for the proposed solar power plant is largely dictated by its location, shape and road etc. Involving minimum eviction, the wind rose pattern, land use pattern of adjoining area and the direction of power evacuation. PLAN LAYOUT The General plant layout is shown in the general arrangement drawing PE-167

2.0

2.1

GA -101 enclosed. Planned site layout area. The plot selected for the proposed power plant is 18 acers. Only 6.45 acres are

3.0

required the proposed power plant including plant roads & other building. MAIN PLANT AND EQUIPMENT LAYOUT. Layout of control Room & Administration Building. The Control building is envisaged in an area of 200 M2 and administration building of 100 M2. Civil Engineering Aspects. Structural System. Power Plant Building will have RCC framed structure, floors & roof & brickwork

3.1 3.1.1

3.1.2

cladding. Loads (a) Live Loads The loads listed hereunder are minimum loads for the areas involved. Special use area s will be designed for higher loads as necessary. Hung loads will be based on minimum loading equivalents of 100Kgs/Sq .m for piping and 50Kgs/sq.m electrical, ventilation and air conditioning. (i) Roofs Ground Floor. (i) Control Rooms (ii) Offices Seismic Loading. : 3,750Kgs/Sq.m Plus hung loads

( b)

: 37,500Kgs/Sq.m : 18,750 Kgs/Sq.m Plus hung loads.

(c)

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The 3.1.3

lateral

forces

will

be

established

in

accordance

with

the

recommendations of IS- 893. Reinforced Concrete Structure. The following grades of concrete as par IS 456 will generally be consider for civil work. (a) M-20 Structure concrete standard for pavement around building including that for plinth protection work & non suspended slabs. (b) M-25 Structural concrete-standard for other structure. (c) M-10 Mud mat. (d) M-7.5 Full concrete. Reinforcing bars will be as per IS-432(Grade-1) for mild steel and as per IS-1786 for High strength deformed bars. Non Suspended ground floor shall consist of the following minimum specification unless otherwise specified. (a) 230 mm rubble soling blinded with murrum / sand over thoroughly (b) (c ) (d) (e) compacted earth fill. 50 mm thick lean concrete (m7.5)over soling 150mm thick lean concrete slab of grade M-20 (adequately reinforced) over lean concrete Proper slope will be provided for adequate draining of ground floor slab. All expansion / separation joints in slabs shall be filled with premoulded

3.1.4

joint filler sealed with approved mastic sealing compound. Architecture. (a) Architectural Concepts of structure should offer its own identity and be aesthetically blended to give pleasing appearance . Functional needs of each building will be maintained but without entailing expensive (b) architectural treatment. Walls Walls shall be 230mm thick except toilet partitions, where same shall be (c) 115 mm thick & 2100 mm tall loft on top. False Ceiling Plaster of parts board ceiling fixed to aluminum framework and suspended from steel / R.C beams shall be provided for all air- conditioned spaces. The illumination and duct grills in this area shall match the overall (d) aesthetic. Roof Drainage Systems.

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The system will be provided for removal of water from roof surface to avoid damage to the roof structure of all building and shall consist of the following : (i) (ii) (iii) (e) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Roof drain Heads Rain Water Down comers. Fixtures Building Finishes Brick Works- internal

230 mm thick brick wall with 1.6

And external cement sand mortar. Half thick brick walls for toilets. 1:4 Cements, sand mortar. Control rooms shall have IPS floor finish. Roof All roofs shall be provided with extra heavy duty proofing treatment comprising of ten courses using four layers of Hessian based bitumen felt and five layers of bitumen paint finishing with 20 mm thick presses per cast concrete tiles on 15 mm thick (1:4) cement : sand mortar underbed. Water proofing treatment shall be laid over 75 mm thick foam concrete /25mm thick expanded polystyrene insulation. Painting - External masonry surface of all building shall have water proof cement paint super snowcem of equivalent. - Acrylic plastic emulsion paint shall be provided for control room, control equipment room , computer room. UPS room and air- conditioned area including entrance lobby. - All other area shall be provided with cement paint (available for internal

(v)

4.0 4.1

use) and white wash. STRUCTURAL WORKS. MATERIALS (a) Structural Steel ( All structure steel for array shall be tested quality and shall conform to IS a standard with galvanized coating. ) (b) Electrodes ( Mild steel electrodes shall conform to IS:814. The contractor shall furnish b to the Engineer a certificate issued by the manufacturer to the effect that ) the electrodes supplied are in accordance with the above specification. For welding in any particular position , the electrodes used shall be those (c) recommended by the manufacture for use in that position. Other Materials ( Other materials used in association with steel work shall comply with the

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT c appropriate Indian standard specification .

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4.2

) Commissioning & erection All steel structures are assembling and installed at site . It is always consider to maximum use to local resources for assembling and installation . Form design concept , it is always consider utilization of local resources to optimized project cost. ROAD WORK Material Stone for soling shall be consider for road construction of 2M wide array road. Stone soiling with black bitumen road shall be consider for 4M wide road Further details will be done on detail engineering stage .

4.3 4.3.1

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SECTION - 9 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

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1.0

IMPLEMENT CONCEPT The project is planned to be implemented at the earliest . The most essential aspect regarding the implementation of this project is to ensure that the project is completed with in the schedule , spanning 6 months from the placement of purchase order. A good planning , scheduling , and monitoring program is imperative to complete the project on time and without cost overruns. The project zero date start once the kick- off meeting has taken place and the

1.1

advance payment has been received. PROJECT IMPLEMETATION STRATEGY. It is envisaged that the project will have the below mentioned phase of activities . These phases are not mutually exclusive ; to implement the project on fast track basis some degree of overlapping is envisaged. Phase I Project Development Phase II Finalization of the Equipment and contracts Phase III Procurement and Construction. Phase IV Plant Commissioning Phase I Project Development In a power project, development of the project plays an important role. Almost 50% of the work of the work is done if one achieves power purchase agreement from the respective state utilities. The project development starts with visits to the region, understanding about the regional conditions, socio economic conditions, transportation facilities and infrastructure facilities available in the region. Apart from the above the below listed task will be under project development. Submission of DPR Power purchase agreement (PPA) Expedite central Regulatory Authority clearance Land acquisition / Mortgage. During this phase, a project team will be formed during the execution of the project. The Engineers from group will be involved from early stages of execution of the project. This would give them the opportunity to familiarize with the equipment and

1.1.1

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systems being installed. These personnel should involve with the critical team of installation and commissioning. After the plant being commissioned, these engineers and technicians would occupy key positions in the organization structure for the operation and maintenance of the plant. The responsibility of the project team shall be: Planning and programming of all the resources required for project completion. Inspection of major fabrication items Organize the construction and commissioning of the plant Monitoring and controlling the project progress Execute the project within the planned budget. 1.1.2 Phase II Finalization of the Equipment and Contracts In the power plant module and junction boxes are the lead items and the planning schedule for the project implementation should provide adequate time period for the acquisition and installation of these equipment. The specifications for major equipment shall be drawn up at an early stage of the project. Program of design information, from the equipment suppliers, that satisfies the overall project schedule shall be drawn up. Since, the project execution calls for closer coordination among the contractors, consultants and the company, proper contract co-ordination and monitoring procedures shall be made to plan and the project progress. 1.1.3 Phase III- Procurement and Construction The procurement is an important function of the implementation of the project. Once the purchase order is placed, the project team follows up regularly to ensure smooth and timely execution of the contract and for obtaining technical information for the inter package engineering. When the contracts for the equipment are awarded, detailed programmed in the form of network are tied up with the supplier to clearly indicate the owners obligations and the suppliers responsibility. And upon placement of the purchase order, the project team follows up regularly to ensure smooth and timely execution of the contract and or obtaining technical information for the inter package engineering. The procurement activity includes review of drawing, expediting, stage and final pre delivery inspection, supervision of installation and commissioning.

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During construction the erection and commissioning phase of all the contracts proceed simultaneously. Adequate power and water shall be made available for the construction 1.1.4 Phase IV- Erection and commissioning Phase The commissioning phase in a project is one where design, manufacturing erection and quality assurance expertise are put to test. The commissioning team will be from manufacturer of the equipment, consultant and the company. As discussed in the earlier section, staff identified to operate the plant will be involved in the commissioning phase of the project it self. When construction phase is complete, the check list designed to ensure that the plant has been properly installed with appropriate safety measures. The commissioning team will follow the internal operating instruction. The plant shall be subjected to a performance test. 2.0 PROJECT SCHEDULE As per ANNEXURE-2

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SECTION 10 ESTIMATED PROJECT COST

1.0 1.1

BASIS FOR COST ESTIMATION The capital cost of the plant has been estimated taking into account the cost of civil & structure works, transportation, installation, testing, commissioning charges and contingencies. Land cost is not considered as land is already available. The cost of material and electrical equipment has been estimated based on budgetary quotation received previous quotations for other projects and in house cost data suitable altered.

1.2 1.3

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5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT Excise duty is exempted as per MNRE consideration.

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Packing, forwarding , inland transportation and insurance at the rate of 2.5% for all equipment and systems including spares have been considered. Erection, testing and commissioning charges are considered as 8% of supply cost for mechanical and electrical equipment. 3% of the equipment cost has been considered towards cost of initial spares. Cost of civil works has been estimated based on data available for similar projects. Power plant life is considered as 25 years.

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR

GREENERGY POWER (I) PVT LTD


5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT

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SECTION 11 ESTIMATED POWER GENERATION COST

DOC. NO.: TEE-185DPR

GREENERGY POWER (I) PVT LTD


5MW SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED POWER PROJECT

VER.: P0 SH Page 58 of 58

COST OF POWER GENERATION 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Basis for Generation Cost Estimation Debt-Equity Ratio shall be 70:30 Rate of interest on loan shall be 10.0% p.a. Depreciation shall be 10.34% for plant & machinery and 3.34% for Civil work The working capital is insurance expenses for one year in advance and one month requirement of spares and consumables 1.5 Eligibility for working capital loan is 75% of total working capital & interest rate on the loan is 12% p.a.