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BIOLOGY 22 (GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY) SY: 2011-2012 Course Number: BIO 22 Course Title: General Microbiology Course Description: Biology of major groups of microorganism with emphasis on bacteria and an introduction to applied microbiology Pre-requisite/s: No. of Hours Credit: 3 hours lecture/week No. of Units: 3 Units Curricular Term: Second Semester Institutional Philosophy: Decent, affordable education for sustainable productivity and global competitiveness under an atmosphere of academic freedom Institutional Vision: NSCA is envisioned as a center of excellence in agriculture and allied courses which provide opportunities for translating knowledge and skills into sustainable growth and development in the countryside. Institutional Mission: Provide quality instruction, research, extension and production, facilities and opportunities in sustainable agriculture and allied courses capable of affecting entrepreneurial and selfpropelling growth and development at par with developed countries. General Objectives: Mastery of the concepts/topics of this subject at the end of the semester of which the student will be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Define microbiology, non-pathogen and opportunistic pathogen List and explain reasons od microorganism significance List several factor that affect the growth of microorganisms Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell Cognize the germ theory of disease Infer relationship between microorganism and infectious disease Describe the characteristics used to classify bacteria and viruses Describe how bacteria acquire genetic information Identify the four most common mechanism by which bacteria become resistant to anti-microbial agents.

10. Acquire and manifest values and appreciation from the subject.

Course Requirements: Attendance: You are expected to attend lectures. Note taking is an important skill and most of what you will be asked on an exam will be from your notes. In my experience, if you miss lectures, your exam grade suffers. If you cannot attend a lecture because of sickness or personal reasons, copy the notes from a classmate. Attendance will be taken during every class and having more than three unexcused absences will affect your grade negatively. I understand that there are legitimate reasons for missing class and I will listens to your excuses. However, I do ask that if you know in advance that you cannot attend class (e.g. going to a college-authorized sports event) tell me when you know, not the day after you miss class. Exams: There will be three exams throughout the semester. Lectures and readings do not repeat each other perfectly; students are responsible for material from both. Exams are designed to assess students' ability to apply microbiological principles, as well as knowledge of bacteria and viruses. The final exam will be comprehensive; i.e., it will include material from lectures and reading assignments covered by earlier exams. Special Exams: It will be given only for those valid excused during the date of examination with a fine.

Lecture and Laboratory Quizzes: It will be given unexpectedly during the lecture or laboratory hours. Participation: Your grade includes 100 possible points for participation. This is based on my subjective assessment of how completely you participate in laboratory exercises, field exercises, and discussions. It will also base on submitting requirements on time, keeping facts sheets/hand-outs or notebook, participation in field trips and seminar in the case maybe.

Laboratory notebook: You need to have a lab notebook for this course in which you record your observations from laboratory exercises (including the field trips). Always record the date and the title of the exercise. Include drawings of specimens, answers to questions posed in the lab manual, measurements and data, and any other observations. I will grade your lab notebooks at the end of the semester based on a holistic assessment of completeness, neatness, and attention to detail. Writing assignments: You will be writing three scientific reports this semester, presenting the results of your group science projects. Scientific reports follow a very specific format, and we will discuss that in detail. I will assess your reports based on spelling, grammar, style, format, accuracy, organization, clarity, and reasoning. Readings: Readings from course textbooks and other sources will be assigned as we go along.

Dropping: Students who quit coming to class and withdrew themselves from the subject will assigned a grade of Dropped. Failure to do so will be assigned a grade of Failure. (Student Manual, Revised 2003. p 14.) Grading System: a. i. ii. b. i. ii. iii. iv. c. i. ii. iii.

Cognitive Long Examination Quizzes Psychomotor Exercises Work Attitude Practical/Written exam Requirements Affective Class Behavior Manifestation of values related to the topic Regularity in attendance

50% 60% 40% 40% 30% 30% 30% 10% 10% 50% 30% 20%

Passing percentage in cognitive is 50% passing Sample Formula Grade = Score/2+50 This is based on 100 total points Average Final Grade 1. Mid-term Grade 40% of the Average Final Grade a. Preliminary Examination 50% b. Mid-term Examination 50% 2. Final Grade 60% of the Average Final Grade a. Pre-Final Examination 50% b. Final Examination 50% Absences of Students 18% absences out of total contact hours per semester warning 20% absences out of total contact hours per semester drop Example: For subjects with laboratory 90 hours/semester contact hours, i.e. 36 hours lecture; 54 hours laboratory 18% of 90 = 16.2 hours warning 20% of 90 = 18 hours drop Absences of students from classes with approval from the office are excused. Students who are dropped due to absences can be re-entered for meritorious reasons.

Course Outline:

1. Microbiology Definition Study Careers 2. Classification A Natural System Difficulties in Classifying Microbes Molecular Phylogeny Eucarya Archaea Bacteria Molecular Ecology 3. Microbiology Timeline First microorganism Earliest known disease Pioneers 4. Cell Structure and Taxonomy Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Reproduction of organism and their cells 5. Microorganisms Diversity A cellular and prokaryotic Categories of microorganisms A cellular infections agents 6. Eukaryotic microbes Algae Protozoa Fungi Lichens Slime molds 7. Microbial physiology and Genetics Microbial Physiology Metabolic Enzymes Metabolism Bacterial Genetics 8. Microbial growth in nitro Factors affecting microbial growth Encouraging the growth of microorganisms in vitro 9. Antimicrobial agents to control microbial gowth in vitro Ideal quantities of antimicrobial agent How antimicrobial agents work

Time Frame

Strategies & Evaluation Tools

Lecture Discussion Quiz

Lecture Discussion Reading & Writing assignments Quiz

Reading & Writing assignment Lecture Quiz PPT Presentations Laboratory Exercises Quiz Lecture Laboratory Exercises Quiz Prelim Examinations Movie Presentation Laboratory Exercises Quiz

Lecture Laboratory Exercises Discussion Quiz Movie Presentation Laboratory Exercises Quiz Movie Presentation PPT Presentations Quiz

Antibacterial agents Antifungal agents Antiprotozoal agents Antiviral agents Drug resistance Undesirable effects of antimicrobial agents 10. Microbial Ecology Symbiotic relationships involving microorganism Indigenous micro flora of humans Beneficial and harmful roles of indigenous microflora Microbial communities Agricultural microbiology 11. Epidemiology and Public Health Interacting among pathogens, host and environment Chain of infection Reservoirs of infection Modes of transmission Public Health Agencies Water supply and sea weeds disposal 12. Pathogens of infectious diseases Viral infection disease Why infection does not always occur Symptoms of a viral infection disease 13. Specific Host Defense Organism Intro to immunology Immunity Humoral immunity Cell-mediated immunity 14. Major viral, bacterial and fungal diseases of humans Infectious diseases of the skin, ears, eyes, and other body parts appropriate theraphy for bacterial, viral and fungal infections References:

Movie Presentation PPT Presentations Quiz Midterm Examination


Movie Presentation PPT Presentations Quiz

PPT Presentations Laboratory Exercises Quiz

PPT Presentations Brainstorming Quiz

PPT Presentations Lecture Quiz Final Examination

Microbiology. (2012). Encyclopdia Britannica. Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopdia Britannica. Microbiology. Microsoft Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008. Microbiology @

Microbial Classification @ Microbiology Educational Videos @

Prepared by: PAUL B. DORONILA, MAEM-VP Instructor Noted: ERVIN F. FERARRIS, MS AN.SCI. Dean for Instructions GERMA T. BORRES, MAT Dean for Academic Affairs Approved: MA. EVANGELINE P. PEREZ, PH.D. Campus Director