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Word Count: Date: 16/02/2011

Li Chun Ho (Alvin) IB History HL

Essay Question: Compare and contrast the domestic policies of Hitler and Castro. Hitlers and Castros policies on women had many differences. Hitler believed the duties of women were to stay at home, care for their children and act towards the three Ks of Kinder, Kirche, Kucke; children, church and kitchen. Thats why the NSDAP prohibited employed women to receive financial benefits when having children under the Law for Encouragement of marriage in 1933, until 1936 when the economy was expanding that there was greater demand for workers. The financial benefits were attractive, where 1000 Mark interest-free loans were given to women and those who had a child could keep 25 % of the loan. This aimed to persuade women to reproduce. On top, womens wages were only 60-70 % of mens. There was also disdain for femininity in society, signaled by banning abortions, contraception and barring women to hold political positions. However, Castro paid attention towards the women equality. He created the Family Code of 1975, giving women justifiable grounds for divorce, abortion and other privileges once banned. Women were actually encouraged like men to work, which resulted in more than 50 % of female dominance at the workplace as well as in political positions, unlike Hitlers regime, where there was a rise of women in the National Assembly to 26% in 2007. This wasnt because of Castro satisfying public demands as women were also involved in Castros early days of the revolution. Furthermore, they didnt need intensive reproduction as means to achieve political aims in their Socialist policy. This was much different compared to Hitler, as he and Goebbels implied women shouldnt be in positions that men can do, like politics. However, both saw prostitution as unacceptable. Nazis saw them as decreasing Aryan race superiority, while Castro saw it as ethically cleaning up the streets, so Havana will not be known for notoriety. However, both had different methods of eliminating; Hitler persecuted them while Castro gave them chances to find other jobs. Although Hitler didnt want women to work, he convinced them they were not discriminating, but instead only practicing ideological values. Education reform by Nazis and Castro had different outcomes because both had dissimilar interpretations of how they wanted people to be after being educated. Hitler saw education to train children into the next generation of Nazi leaders, like creating schools that followed a hierarchy where the best students were enrolled to the top, known as Adolf Hitler schools. There were also compulsory after-school activities known as leagues for boys and girls. Education was also based on Hitlers thoughts, including foreign policy, such as Lebensraum. This explains why PE classes took up 15% of the curriculum and math as well as physics questions involved military mindsets like the calculation of bombs needed to kill disabled and Jewish people. Conversely, Castros aims to improve education were not politically motivated, but to push people out of poverty. The reforms included sending over 200,000 different types of people, mainly students; to target illiteracy that was fully destroyed in a year from 1961.This improved Cubans chances of getting higher education. Also, he put the building of schools as high priority; his government replaced private schools that discriminated blacks with schools that gave both races same treatment. This was because prior 1961 a large majority of students who attended private schools were white, leaving black people uneducated. This heavily contradicts Hitlers form of education, as he banned Jews from learning and teaching shortly before persecuting them completely. Therefore we can see while Hitlers education strived to make people instilled in Nazi 1

Word Count: Date: 16/02/2011

Li Chun Ho (Alvin) IB History HL

Essay Question: Compare and contrast the domestic policies of Hitler and Castro. beliefs, Castro aimed to improve peoples chances of a higher standard of life, as signified by Cubas many professional fields in the scientific and medical careers, making Cuba one of the best healthcare systems in the world regardless of their ethnic background. For economic policies, both had different aims and problems. For Hitler, emerging out of the Economic Crisis of 1929, many jobs were needed to be made as unemployment reached six million in 1933. This was caused by hyper-inflation, fuelled by the Weimar Republic printing more money for workers protesting with passive resistance in 1923 and the Wall Street Crash as Germany heavily relied on US funds. Therefore, the tactic used was to create jobs, such as setting up military conscription for the army, not supporting companies who use automated machines instead of manual labor, as well as requiring employers to inform and accept the governments decision to cut down workers and to build roads. He was keen to work with large corporations because of mutual aims; both feared communism. Autarky, known as self-sufficiency, focused on production of raw materials like steel. Although it is hard to pinpoint the exact successes contributed by this plan due to the rising economy, unemployment decreased to 1.5 million in 1936. For Cuba, the economy was ruined by long-term corruption from Batistas regime of brothels and casinos. Castro sought to remove them as they symbolized immoral images. Because of corruption, there was no social mobility before Castro. His first steps were to control telephones and electricity fees, reduce rents that would be supervised by the newly set up Ministry for social welfare. Reductions in rent were achieved through land reforms, placing emphasis on schools, agriculture and housing. For example, estates larger than 1000 acres were divided into smaller land given to peasants for sugar caning and other agricultural purposes. After a decade, successes were seen as the different uses of land were more proportional with each other; half for the retail sector, a third for agriculture. Furthermore, housing no longer became a problem after construction of residences reached to 700,000 in 1977. Therefore, Hitler focused on job-creating, while Castro sought for job innovation after improving the standards of living, including daily costs. Plans such as the Five Year Plans by Nazis were very state orientated because they aimed to fulfill the promises they made.