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F321 module 1 Practice 3: 1. M(BaO) = 137 + 16 = 153 moles BaO = 500/153 or 3.268 mol moles Ba = 3.268/2 or 1.

634 mass Ba formed = 1.634 137 = 224 g accept 223.856209/223.86/223.9 g. if 6 mol BaO forms 3 mol Ba, award 3rd mark Alternative method mass 6BaO=918 g mass 3Ba = 411 g 1g BaO forms 411/918 g Ba 500 g BaO forms 223.856209/223.86/223.9 g Ba
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2.

(i) d e fle c tio n a c c e le ra tin g ...... io n is a tio n


to th e p u m p

. . . . . .d. .e. t. .e . c. . t. i. o. . n. . . . . . .

protons
25 26

neutrons 13 14

electrons 12 12 2

Mg Mg
2 2 6 2

12 12

(ii) (iii)

1s 2s 2p 3s

24 78.60/100 + 25 10.11/100 + 26 11.29/100 = 24.33 (calc value: 24.3269. This scores one mark) 24.32 with no working, award 1 mark only. 24.3 with no working, no marks (Periodic Table value)

2
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3.

(i) (ii)

Oxidation state goes from 0 in O2 2 in MgO 2


2

2+ M g

or with Mg full shell. correct dot and cross ; correct charges 2


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4.

(i) (ii)

MgO has reacted with CO2 Solid dissolves / disappears Fizzing / bubbles MgO + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2O

1 2

MgCO3 + 2HCl MgCl2 + CO2 + H2O both reactions form magnesium chloride/MgCl2 3
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5.

(i)

24.12 6.94 27.61 41.33 ratio N : H : S : O = 14 : 1 : 32.1 : 16 :


=2:8:1:3 Empirical formula = N2H8SO3 N2H4SO3 is worth 1 mark from consistent use of at nos. 2 1

(ii)

H2O + 2NH3 + SO2 (NH4)2SO3 (Award mark for N2H8SO3)

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6.

(a)

(i)

Amount of substance that has the same number of particles as there are atoms in 12 g of 12C/ 6 1023/ Avogadros Number 1

(ii)

0.275 120 1000 moles = = 0.0330 mol 0.0330 2 moles Cl2 = = 0.0165 mol
1 / 0.396 dm3

(iii)

volume Cl2 = 0.0165 24000 = 396 cm3 792 cm3 worth 1 mark (no molar ratio) 1584 cm3 worth 1 mark (x 2) units needed.

2 1 1
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(iv) (b)

bleach / disinfectant /sterilising /killing germs

NaClO3

7.

(i)

CaCO3 (s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + CO2(g) +H2O (l) CaO(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O (l) each balanced equation 1 mark (2) all state symbols (1) 3 1
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(ii)

CaCO3 fizzes/ gas given off/ gas evolved / carbon dioxide evolved (1)

8.

(i) (ii)

(atoms of) same element/same atomic number/number of protons with different numbers of neutrons/diff masses proton relative mass 1 relative charge 1 +1 neutron electron

1 1840 /
0

negligible 1

i.e. 1 mark for each correct row for electron, accept 1/1500 1/2000 for charges, accept +; 0; 2
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The King's CE School

9.

(i)

average atomic mass/weighted mean/average mass compared with carbon-12 1/12th of mass of carbon-12/on a scale where carbon-12 is 12 OR

(ii)

The mass of 1 mole of atoms of an element compared with 12 g of carbon-12 3

(121 57.21) + (123 42.79) 100 Ar = / 121.8558


= 121.9 2
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10.

(i)

Mass Sb2S3 in stibnite = 5% of 500 kg = 25.0 kg


25.0 10 3 340 Moles Sb2S3 = / 73.5/ 73.529 /73.53/ 74 mol

(calculator value: 73.52941176) If 5% is not used, 1471 mol; ecf for 2nd mark (calculator value: 1470.588235) If 5% is used 2nd, 73.6 mol: OK for both marks (ii) moles Sb = 2 73.5 mol mass Sb = 2 73.5 122 g = 17.9 kg If the 2 isnt used, answer = 73.5 122 = 8.95 ecf ans from (i) x 2 ecf ans above x 2 OR % Sb = 244/340 = 71.7% mass Sb = 25.0 71.7/100 = 17.9 kg (ecf as above) 2
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