Sei sulla pagina 1di 9

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

INDONESIA

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling

1 Scope

This standard covers reference, definition, terminology, sampling method and solid sample handling and presentation.

2

References

SNI 19-0428-1989, Solid sampling guide.

3 Definition

Solid sampling guide is a guidance that must be applied for solid sampling, in order to gets sample that represent the lot which is in the form of bulk or packaged which is in the form of powder or grain.

Packaged form is a solid or liquid which is pack in small packaging.

4 Terminology

In handling and presenting samples, it is recognized some terms:

4.1 Lot is grand total of material (population).

4.2 primary samples: sample taken from contests or lot.

4.3 Composite samples: Mix of from taken from primary sample.

4.4 Secondary samples: sample taken from Composite samples.

4.5 Laboratory sample: sample sent to laboratory which is part of sample that

represent Lot

4.6 Cardboard/case packaging: a place for some small packaging.

4.7 Small packaging: a place for product packaging

4.8 Bulk forms are solid which is in the form of powder or grain.

4.9 Packaged Form is solid or liquid in a small packaging.

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

For more clear Information, See visible Picture 1.

Lot

Primary sample

Composite sample

Secondary sample

Laboratory sample

sample Composite sample Secondary sample Laboratory sample Picture 1 Part of sampling process 5 Sampling Method

Picture 1 Part of sampling process

5 Sampling Method

51 Equipments

Sampling Equipment can be in the form of lance or spade. Sampling Equipment has to be made from materials which do not influence the chemical nature of sample.

5.1.1 Form of lance

Sampling Equipment of lance form can be in the form of single lance or double lances.

5.1.1.1 Sampling Equipment with single lance, usually made with sharp-pointed part and applied to take sample for sample gunny sack or polyethylene sack, sample is taken out from the front of lance (Picture 2)

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia Picture 2 Sampling Equipm ent of single lance

Picture 2 Sampling Equipment of single lance form

5.1.1.2 Sampling Equipment of sample taker of double lance consists of 2 enduing metal which one of the size the metal is smaller and can be put into the other metal. Lance equipped with a few holes a number of 3 or 4 as long as lance. Provided with inner lance of hold which in form of T (see Picture 3). This equipment is used to take sample of in the form of powder, small grain in sacks, through stab/jab the lance into sack and turn around pipes interior.

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia Picture 3 sampling equi pment of double lance

Picture 3 sampling equipment of double lance

5.1.2 Sampling Equipment of spade

Some type of spade applied for sampling in the bulk form. The type of spade can be long and short hilt spade (Picture 4).

Short hilt spade

Short hilt spade

Long hilt spade

Long hilt spade

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

Picture 4 sampling equipment of form of spade

5.1.3 Automatic sampling equipments

Automatic sampling equipments, for example vacuum dowel that use inhalation principle of vacuum cleaner, what can be used to take samples in bulk form.

5.2 Procedures

Sampling is conducted with clean and dry equipment, must be conducted in place save from things that can influence sample.

5.2.1 Sampling from lot is in the bulk form

5.2.1.1 in conveyor equipment or production line

Sample is taken when material or product is moving and through the channel that transport material or product from production area to warehouse or in the other way around, or from the conveyor equipment to warehouse or in the other way around. Sample taken several time and each of them has approximately the same weight at the same time period.

5.2.1.2 In heap or warehouse

Sample is taken based on lot amount and according to test type which will be done. Sample is taken in some places from all layer randomly with each its Weight approximately the same.

5.2.2 Samplings from lot in the packaged form

5.2.2.1 Conveyor Equipment or production line

Sample is taken when the material or product is moving through the channel that transporting material or product from production area to warehouse or in the other way around, or in the conveyor equipment to warehouse or in the other way around. Sample is taken from some packaging at the same time period.

5.2.2.2 In heap or warehouse

a. In sack or cardboard packaging Primary Samples are taken away from some sack /cardboard/case, depend on to the number of sack /gunny /case.

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

If the amounts of a lot are more than 1000 packages must be made other lot with the same amount, and then is taken from square root number of sack/gunny/case with maximum 30 sacks/gunny/case taken at random by using Table 1.

If amounts of a lot are less than 100 packages, sampling applies Table 2.

b. In small packaging

Sampling in small packaging, number of samples is taken using the Table 3 and 4.

6 Handling and presentation of the sample

6.1 unpackaged samples

Sample which in the form of grain or powder which has already collected as primary sample is done as follows:

6.1.1 Samples for microbiology

Sampling is done by using sterile lance type and sample immediately put in aseptically place as seen at Picture 5.

type and sample immediately put in aseptically place as seen at Picture 5. Bacteriological analyses Chemical

Bacteriological analyses

Chemical analyses

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

6.1.2 Samples for chemical Testing

Hoard sample is smoothed down and divided by four with “divisor wood", mixed and swirled so plane. New hoard straightened and divided again into four parts like before, take again from two opposite corners continuously, in order obtain the sample weight needed to be analyzed in laboratory.

the sample weight needed to be analyzed in laboratory. Hoard sample of sufficiently Picture 6 Division

Hoard sample of sufficiently

to be analyzed in laboratory. Hoard sample of sufficiently Picture 6 Division with parallelogram wood Smoothed

Picture 6 Division with parallelogram wood

Smoothed down

6.1.2.2 The samples packed into clean and dry place, which will not cause change to the sample, then covered nicelyand sealed.

6.1.2.3 Samples are packed in such a manner so that save during transportation and is given label that mention date of sampling and other based the applied rule.

62 Packaged Samples

6.2.1 Each of small packages which is taken as laboratory sample is combined so it is

obtained two cardboard /case according to shape of the original packaging.

6.2.2 Sample of laboratory is packed in such a manner so it is save during the transportation and deposit and label is given as mentioned above

62 Notes

a. For sampling which have special regulation (pesticide and others) must follow

the applied rules.

b. Sampling must be done by legal body in charge

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

Table

1

Random Number List.

Line

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

1

78994

36244

36273

25475

84953

61793

50243

63423

2

40909

58485

70636

93930

34880

73059

06825

80257

3

46582

73570

33004

61795

86477

46736

60460

70345

4

29242

89792

88694

60285

07190

07796

27011

85941

5

68104

81339

97090

20601

78940

20223

22803

96070

6

17156

02182

82504

19830

93747

80910

78260

25136

7

50711

94789

07171

02103

99057

98775

37997

18325

8

35449

52409

75095

77720

39729

03205

09313

43545

9

75622

82729

76916

72657

58992

32756

01154

84090

10

01020

55151

36132

51971

32155

60935

64867

35424

11

08327

89989

24260

08613

66798

25339

62860

57375

12

76829

41229

19706

30094

69430

92399

93749

22081

13

89708

30641

21267

56501

95182

72442

21445

17276

14

89836

55817

56747

75195

06813

80343

47403

47403

15

25903

61370

66081

54076

67442

52964

23323

02718

16

71345

03422

01015

58025

19703

77313

04555

83425

17

61454

92263

14647

08473

34124

10740

40039

05620

18

80376

09109

30470

40200

46558

61742

11543

92121

19

45144

54373

05505

90074

24783

86299

80900

15155

20

12191

88527

58852

51175

11534

87215

04876

85584

21

62936

59120

73957

35969

21698

47287

39394

08778

22

31588

96798

43668

12011

01714

77255

56079

24690

23

29787

96048

84726

17512

39450

43618

30629

24356

24

45603

00745

84635

43079

52724

14262

05760

89373

25

31606

64782

34027

56734

09365

20009

93559

73384

26

10452

33074

76718

99556

10026

00013

78411

95107

27

37016

64633

67301

50949

91298

74903

73631

57897

28

66726

97865

25409

37498

00816

99262

14471

10232

29

07380

74438

82120

17890

40963

55757

13492

68294

30

71621

57683

58256

47702

74724

89419

03025

63519

31

03466

13263

23917

20417

11315

52305

33072

07723

32

12692

32931

97387

32822

57775

91674

76549

37635

33

52192

30941

44998

17833

94663

23062

95725

38463

34

56691

72529

44998

73570

86860

68125

40436

31303

35

74952

43042

66063

15677

18573

43520

97521

83248

36

18752

43693

58869

53017

22661

39610

63795

02622

37

61691

04914

32867

28325

82319

65589

96046

98498

38

49197

63948

43111

60207

70667

38343

60607

15328

39

19436

87291

78947

74859

76501

93456

95714

92518

40

39143

61803

71584

13543

09621

63301

69817

52140

41

82244

67549

14606

09761

71494

91307

61222

66592

42

59847

56155

76491

23708

97999

40131

52060

90390

43

94095

95770

42878

25991

37584

56966

68623

83454

44

11751

69469

07826

44097

07511

88976

30122

67542

45

69902

03995

25521

11758

64968

61902

32121

23165

46

21860

25352

27821

92161

23592

43291

10479

37879

47

75350

46992

25556

55906

62339

33968

91717

15756

48

29643

22085

25165

69675

20251

39641

65786

30689

49

82749

23443

42581

25514

32827

35325

93268

32911

50

36342

42092

52075

83926

42815

71500

69216

01390

Guidelines for Methods of Solid sampling - Indonesia

Tables 2

Number of containers which must be taken

 

Number of containers per lot Sack/case

Number of containers taken From sack/case

 

s/d 10

All of the samples

 

11-25

5

 

26-50

7

51-100

10

>

100

Square root from sample amounts

Tables 3

Number of small packaging of which must be taken

 

Number of small packaging

Number of small packaging for sample

10.000

200

20.000

250

40.000

300

60.000

350

>

100.000

400

Tables 4

Number of small packaging taken for every pasteboard

Number of small packaging in cardboard

Maximum number of small packaging taken from each card board

>24

16

12-24

10

<12

All small packaging in cardboard

Determination for number of cardboards opened with formula x / y

x is number from Tables 3

y is from Tables 4.

Cardboard selection which must be opened, conducted randomly by using Tables 1.